Safety of toys — Part 9: Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical properties — Comparison of ISO 8124-1, EN 71-1 and ASTM F963

This document consists of a comparison of the mechanical and physical requirements covered by the following toy safety standards: a) ISO: ISO 8124‑1:2018; b) Europe (CEN): EN 71‑1:2014+A1:2018; c) USA: ASTM F963:2017.

Sécurité des jouets — Partie 9: Aspects de sécurité relatifs aux propriétés mécaniques et physiques — Comparaison entre l'ISO 8124-1, l'EN 71-1 et l'ASTM F963

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
30-Mar-2020
Current Stage
9092 - International Standard to be revised
Start Date
27-Oct-2020
Completion Date
27-Oct-2020
Ref Project

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Technical report
ISO/TR 8124-9:2020 - Safety of toys
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TECHNICAL ISO/TR
REPORT 8124-9
Second edition
2020-03
Safety of toys —
Part 9:
Safety aspects related to mechanical
and physical properties —
Comparison of ISO 8124-1, EN 71-1
and ASTM F963
Sécurité des jouets —
Partie 9: Aspects de sécurité relatifs aux propriétés mécaniques et
physiques — Comparaison entre l'ISO 8124-1, l'EN 71-1 et l'ASTM F963
Reference number
ISO/TR 8124-9:2020(E)
ISO 2020
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ISO/TR 8124-9:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
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Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 8124-9:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vii

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................viii

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Comparison of scopes ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

5 Comparison of terms and definitions ............................................................................................................................................. 5

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2 Analysis of the main differences between the terms and definitions ...................................................... 8

5.2.1 Aquatic toy ............................................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.2.2 Asphyxiation and choking........................................................................................................................................ 9

5.2.3 Ball ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2.4 Close-to-the-ear toy ....................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2.5 Cord ..........................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.2.6 Elastic .....................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.2.7 Hand-held toy ..................................................................................................................................................................11

5.2.8 Hazard ....................................................................................................................................................................................11

5.2.9 Large and bulky toy ....................................................................................................................................................11

5.2.10 Marble ....................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.2.11 Paper .......................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.2.12 Pompom ...............................................................................................................................................................................13

5.2.13 Projectile ..............................................................................................................................................................................13

5.2.14 Projectile toy with stored energy ...................................................................................................................14

5.2.15 Protective cap, protective cover or protective tip ............................................................................14

5.2.16 Pull or push toy ..............................................................................................................................................................15

5.2.17 Rattle .......................................................................................................................................................................................15

5.2.18 Toy scooter .........................................................................................................................................................................16

5.2.19 Squeeze toy ........................................................................................................................................................................16

6 Comparison of requirements ...............................................................................................................................................................17

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................17

6.2 Normal use ..............................................................................................................................................................................................17

6.3 Reasonably foreseeable abuse ................................................................................................................................................18

6.4 Material ......................................................................................................................................................................................................22

6.4.1 Fillings ....................................................................................................................................................................................23

6.4.2 Expanding materials ..................................................................................................................................................23

6.4.3 Glass and porcelain .....................................................................................................................................................24

6.5 Small parts ...............................................................................................................................................................................................25

6.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................25

6.5.2 Small parts exemptions ...........................................................................................................................................25

6.5.3 Test methods ....................................................................................................................................................................26

6.6 Shape, size and strength of certain toys .........................................................................................................................27

6.6.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................27

6.6.2 Squeeze toys, rattles and certain other toys .........................................................................................28

6.6.3 Small balls ...........................................................................................................................................................................29

6.6.4 Pompoms .............................................................................................................................................................................30

6.6.5 Toy pacifiers ......................................................................................................................................................................30

6.6.6 Balloons ................................................................................................................................................................................30

6.6.7 Marbles ..................................................................................................................................................................................30

6.6.8 Hemispheric-shaped toys ......................................................................................................................................31

6.6.9 Suction cups ......................................................................................................................................................................32

6.6.10 Test templates .................................................................................................................................................................32

6.7 Edges .............................................................................................................................................................................................................33

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO/TR 8124-9:2020(E)

6.7.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................33

6.7.2 Age range for application of the functional sharp edge exemption ..................................34

6.7.3 Toys assembled by adults ......................................................................................................................................34

6.7.4 Test method .......................................................................................................................................................................34

6.8 Points ............................................................................................................................................................................................................35

6.8.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................35

6.8.2 Age range for application of the functional sharp point exemption .................................36

6.8.3 Electrical conductors.................................................................................................................................................36

6.8.4 Examples of accessible, potentially hazardous sharp points..................................................36

6.8.5 Test method .......................................................................................................................................................................36

6.9 Projections ...............................................................................................................................................................................................36

6.9.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................36

6.9.2 Ends of rigid handlebars ........................................................................................................................................37

6.9.3 Age grade .............................................................................................................................................................................37

6.9.4 Bath toy projections ...................................................................................................................................................37

6.9.5 Protective components ............................................................................................................................................37

6.10 Metal wires and rods ......................................................................................................................................................................37

6.10.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................37

6.10.2 Scope of the metal wires and rods flexure test ...................................................................................38

6.10.3 Metal wire flexure test methods ......................................................................................................................38

6.11 Plastic film or plastic bags in packaging and in toys ...........................................................................................39

6.11.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................39

6.11.2 Scope of plastic film or plastic bags in packaging and in toys ...............................................39

6.11.3 Minimum sheet thickness .....................................................................................................................................39

6.11.4 Thickness of plastic balloons .............................................................................................................................40

6.11.5 Detached plastic sheeting .....................................................................................................................................40

6.11.6 Perforated plastic film ..............................................................................................................................................40

6.11.7 Determination of plastic sheet area .............................................................................................................40

6.12 Cords .............................................................................................................................................................................................................40

6.12.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................40

6.12.2 Length of cords, loops, nooses and tangled loops ............................................................................42

6.12.3 Diameter of certain cords intended for children under 36 months .................................46

6.12.4 Self-retracting cords ..................................................................................................................................................46

6.12.5 Toys attached to or intended to be strung across, or otherwise attached to

a cradle, cot, perambulator or carriage .....................................................................................................47

6.12.6 Cords on pull toys .........................................................................................................................................................48

6.12.7 Cords on toy bags .........................................................................................................................................................48

6.12.8 Cords, strings and lines for flying toys .......................................................................................................49

6.12.9 Electrical cables .............................................................................................................................................................49

6.12.10 Cord warning....................................................................................................................................................................50

6.12.11 Test methods and equipment ............................................................................................................................50

6.12.12 Toy disguise costumes .............................................................................................................................................52

6.13 Folding mechanisms ........................................................................................................................................................................52

6.13.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................52

6.13.2 Hinge line clearance ...................................................................................................................................................53

6.13.3 Toy pushchairs, perambulators and similar toys ..............................................................................54

6.13.4 Requirement for folding devices having a scissor-like action ...............................................56

6.14 Holes, clearances and accessibility of mechanisms .............................................................................................56

6.14.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................56

6.14.2 Holes, clearances and accessibility of mechanisms ........................................................................56

6.14.3 Accessible clearances for moveable segments ....................................................................................56

6.14.4 Chains or belts in ride-on toys ..........................................................................................................................57

6.14.5 Other driving mechanisms ...................................................................................................................................57

6.14.6 Winding keys ....................................................................................................................................................................57

6.14.7 Toy bicycles and tricycles provided with a handle that can be used for

pushing the child ..........................................................................................................................................................57

6.15 Springs ........................................................................................................................................................................................................58

6.16 Stability and overload requirements ................................................................................................................................58

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ISO/TR 8124-9:2020(E)

6.16.1 Stability requirements for ride-on toys and seats ...........................................................................58

6.16.2 Overload requirements for ride-on toys and seats .........................................................................62

6.16.3 Stability of stationary floor toys ......................................................................................................................64

6.17 Enclosures ................................................................................................................................................................................................65

6.17.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................65

6.17.2 Impermeable material .............................................................................................................................................65

6.17.3 Ventilation ..........................................................................................................................................................................66

6.17.4 Closures ................................................................................................................................................................................66

6.17.5 Toy chests safety labelling ....................................................................................................................................66

6.18 Simulated protective equipment, such as helmets, hats and goggles ...................................................67

6.19 Projectile toys ........................................................................................................................................................................................67

6.19.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................67

6.19.2 General requirements of projectiles ............................................................................................................69

6.19.3 Projectile range ..............................................................................................................................................................69

6.19.4 Impact surface .................................................................................................................................................................69

6.19.5 Discharge mechanism ..............................................................................................................................................71

6.19.6 Kinetic energy and warning ................................................................................................................................74

6.19.7 Toy catapults and projectiles propelled by an elastic band and projectile
toys without stored energy where the discharge mechanism can store

energy, only when held in place by the user .........................................................................................75

6.19.8 Dart ...........................................................................................................................................................................................75

6.19.9 Mouth-actuated projectile toys ........................................................................................................................76

6.19.10 Test method .......................................................................................................................................................................76

6.20 Rotors and propellers ....................................................................................................................................................................76

6.20.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................76

6.20.2 Scope and exemption ................................................................................................................................................77

6.20.3 Leading part(s) on rigid parts of flying toys .........................................................................................77

6.20.4 Examples of designs to minimize the risk potential of rotating blades.........................77

6.20.5 Rotor or propeller warning .................................................................................................................................78

6.20.6 Rotors and propellers on remote controlled flying toys .............................................................79

6.21 Aquatic toys ............................................................................................................................................................................................79

6.22 Braking ........................................................................................................................................................................................................80

6.22.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................80

6.22.2 Braking device — exemptions ..........................................................................................................................81

6.22.3 Braking device – requirements ........................................................................................................................81

6.22.4 Free-wheeling facility ...............................................................................................................................................81

6.22.5 Brake performance test ..........................................................................................................................................81

6.23 Toy bicycles .............................................................................................................................................................................................82

6.23.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................82

6.23.2 Braking system ...............................................................................................................................................................82

6.23.3 Warning ................................................................................................................................................................................83

6.24 Speed limitation of electrically driven ride-on toys .............................................................................................83

6.24.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................83

6.24.2 Seat requirements........................................................................................................................................................83

6.24.3 Determination of maximum design speed of electrically driven ride-on toys ........83

6.25 Toys containing a heat source .................................................................................................................................................85

6.25.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................85

6.25.2 Exemption for toys containing a heat source .......................................................................................85

6.25.3 Scope of toys containing a heat source ......................................................................................................85

6.25.4 Temperature rise for heat sources ................................................................................................................85

6.25.5 Test environment for toys containing a heat source ......................................................................86

6.26 Liquid-filled toys .................................................................................................................................................................................86

6.27 Mouth-actuated toys ...............................................................

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