Safety of toys — Part 9: Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical properties — Comparison of ISO 8124-1, EN 71-1, and ASTM F963

This document consists of a comparison of the mechanical and physical requirements covered by the following toy safety standards: a) ISO: ISO 8124‑1:2014; b) Europe (CEN): EN 71‑1:2014; c) USA: ASTM F963:2011.

Sécurité des jouets — Partie 9: Aspects de sécurité relatifs aux propriétés mécaniques et physiques — Comparaison des ISO 8124-1, EN 71-1 et ASTM F963

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
06-Jun-2018
Withdrawal Date
06-Jun-2018
Current Stage
9599 - Withdrawal of International Standard
Start Date
31-Mar-2020
Completion Date
31-Mar-2020
Ref Project

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ISO/TR 8124-9:2018 - Safety of toys
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TECHNICAL ISO/TR
REPORT 8124-9
First edition
2018-06
Safety of toys —
Part 9:
Safety aspects related to mechanical
and physical properties —
Comparison of ISO 8124-1, EN 71-1,
and ASTM F963
Sécurité des jouets —
Partie 9: Aspects de sécurité relatifs aux propriétés mécaniques et
physiques — Comparaison des ISO 8124-1, EN 71-1 et ASTM F963
Reference number
ISO/TR 8124-9:2018(E)
ISO 2018
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ISO/TR 8124-9:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 8124-9:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vii

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................viii

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Comparison of scopes ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

5 Comparison of terms and definitions ............................................................................................................................................ 5

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2 Analysis of the main differences between the terms and definitions ...................................................... 8

5.2.1 Aquatic toy ............................................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.2.2 Asphyxiation and choking........................................................................................................................................ 9

5.2.3 Ball ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2.4 Close-to-the-ear toy ....................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2.5 Electrical cable ................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2.6 Hand-held toy ..................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2.7 Large and bulky toy ....................................................................................................................................................10

5.2.8 Marble ....................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.2.9 Paper .......................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.2.10 Projectile ..............................................................................................................................................................................11

5.2.11 Projectile toy with stored energy ...................................................................................................................11

5.2.12 Projectile toy without stored energy ...........................................................................................................11

5.2.13 Protective cap, protective cover or protective tip ............................................................................12

5.2.14 Pull toy ...................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.2.15 Rattle .......................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.2.16 Squeeze toy ........................................................................................................................................................................12

5.2.17 Yo-yo elastic tether toy ............................................................................................................................................12

6 Comparison of requirements ...............................................................................................................................................................13

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.2 Normal use ..............................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.3 Reasonably foreseeable abuse ................................................................................................................................................13

6.4 Material ......................................................................................................................................................................................................16

6.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................16

6.4.2 Fillings ....................................................................................................................................................................................17

6.4.3 Expanding materials ..................................................................................................................................................17

6.4.4 Glass and porcelain .....................................................................................................................................................17

6.5 Small parts ...............................................................................................................................................................................................18

6.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................18

6.5.2 Small parts exemptions ...........................................................................................................................................18

6.5.3 Test requirement for soft-filled toys and soft-filled parts of a toy .....................................19

6.5.4 Test methods ....................................................................................................................................................................19

6.6 Shape, size and strength of certain toys .........................................................................................................................20

6.6.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................20

6.6.2 Squeeze toys, rattles and certain other toys .........................................................................................22

6.6.3 Small balls ...........................................................................................................................................................................23

6.6.4 Pompons ..............................................................................................................................................................................24

6.6.5 Toy pacifiers ......................................................................................................................................................................24

6.6.6 Balloons ................................................................................................................................................................................24

6.6.7 Marbles ..................................................................................................................................................................................24

6.6.8 Hemispheric-shaped toys ......................................................................................................................................25

6.6.9 Suction cups ......................................................................................................................................................................26

6.6.10 Test templates .................................................................................................................................................................26

6.7 Edges .............................................................................................................................................................................................................27

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO/TR 8124-9:2018(E)

6.7.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................27

6.7.2 Age range for application of the functional sharp edge exemption ..................................28

6.7.3 Toys assembled by adults ......................................................................................................................................28

6.7.4 Test method .......................................................................................................................................................................28

6.8 Points ............................................................................................................................................................................................................29

6.8.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................29

6.8.2 Age range for application of the functional sharp point exemption .................................30

6.8.3 Electrical conductors.................................................................................................................................................30

6.8.4 Accessible, potentially hazardous sharp point in ASTM F963 ..............................................30

6.8.5 Test method .......................................................................................................................................................................30

6.9 Projections ...............................................................................................................................................................................................30

6.9.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................30

6.9.2 Ends of rigid handlebars ........................................................................................................................................31

6.9.3 Age grade .............................................................................................................................................................................31

6.9.4 Bath toy projections ...................................................................................................................................................31

6.9.5 Protective components ............................................................................................................................................31

6.10 Metal wires and rods ......................................................................................................................................................................31

6.10.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................31

6.10.2 Scope of the metal wires and rods .................................................................................................................32

6.10.3 Metal wire flexure test methods ......................................................................................................................32

6.11 Plastic film or plastic bags in packaging and in toys ...........................................................................................33

6.11.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................33

6.11.2 Scope of plastic film or plastic bags in packaging and in toys ...............................................33

6.11.3 Minimum sheet thickness .....................................................................................................................................33

6.11.4 Thickness of plastic balloons .............................................................................................................................34

6.11.5 Detached plastic sheeting .....................................................................................................................................34

6.11.6 Perforated plastic film ..............................................................................................................................................34

6.11.7 Determination of plastic sheet area .............................................................................................................34

6.12 Cords and elastics ..............................................................................................................................................................................35

6.12.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................35

6.12.2 Cord thickness .................................................................................................................................................................36

6.12.3 Fixed loops of cords or chains ...........................................................................................................................36

6.12.4 Self-retracting cords ..................................................................................................................................................36

6.12.5 Toys with cords intended to be strung across a cradle, cot or perambulator ..........37

6.12.6 Free length of cords ....................................................................................................................................................38

6.12.7 Cords and chains on pull-along toys ............................................................................................................38

6.12.8 Cords on toy bags .........................................................................................................................................................38

6.12.9 Comparison of cords, strings and lines for flying toys .................................................................39

6.12.10 Toys with electrical cables ....................................................................................................................................39

6.12.11 Straps intended to be worn fully or partially around the neck .............................................39

6.12.12 Cord warning....................................................................................................................................................................39

6.12.13 Test methods ....................................................................................................................................................................40

6.13 Folding mechanisms ........................................................................................................................................................................41

6.13.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................41

6.13.2 Hinge line clearance ...................................................................................................................................................42

6.13.3 Toy pushchairs, perambulators and similar toys ..............................................................................42

6.13.4 Requirement for folding devices having a scissor-like action ...............................................43

6.14 Holes, clearances and accessibility of mechanisms .............................................................................................44

6.14.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................44

6.14.2 Holes, clearances and accessibility of mechanisms ........................................................................45

6.14.3 Accessible clearances for moveable segments ....................................................................................45

6.14.4 Chains or belts in ride-on toys ..........................................................................................................................46

6.14.5 Other driving mechanisms ...................................................................................................................................46

6.14.6 Winding keys ....................................................................................................................................................................46

6.15 Springs ........................................................................................................................................................................................................46

6.16 Stability and overload requirements ................................................................................................................................47

6.16.1 Stability requirements for ride-on toys and seats ...........................................................................47

6.16.2 Overload requirements for ride-on toys and seats .........................................................................52

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ISO/TR 8124-9:2018(E)

6.16.3 Stability of stationary floor toys ......................................................................................................................54

6.17 Enclosures ................................................................................................................................................................................................55

6.17.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................55

6.17.2 Impermeable material .............................................................................................................................................55

6.17.3 Ventilation ..........................................................................................................................................................................55

6.17.4 Closures ................................................................................................................................................................................56

6.18 Simulated protective equipment, such as helmets, hats and goggles ...................................................56

6.19 Projectile toys ........................................................................................................................................................................................57

6.19.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................57

6.19.2 General requirements of projectiles ............................................................................................................58

6.19.3 Projectile range ..............................................................................................................................................................58

6.19.4 Impact surface .................................................................................................................................................................59

6.19.5 Discharge mechanism ..............................................................................................................................................59

6.19.6 Kinetic energy .................................................................................................................................................................59

6.19.7 Arrow ......................................................................................................................................................................................63

6.19.8 Mouth-actuated projectile toys ........................................................................................................................64

6.19.9 Test method .......................................................................................................................................................................64

6.20 Rotors and propellers ....................................................................................................................................................................64

6.21 Aquatic toys ............................................................................................................................................................................................65

6.22 Braking ........................................................................................................................................................................................................66

6.22.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................66

6.22.2 Braking device .................. .................................................... ...........................................................................................66

6.22.3 Free-wheeling facility ...............................................................................................................................................67

6.22.4 Brake performance test ..........................................................................................................................................67

6.23 Toy bicycles .............................................................................................................................................................................................67

6.23.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................67

6.23.2 Braking system ...............................................................................................................................................................68

6.23.3 Warning ................................................................................................................................................................................68

6.24 Speed limitation of electrically driven ride-on toys .............................................................................................68

6.24.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................68

6.24.2 Seat requirements........................................................................................................................................................69

6.24.3 Determination of maximum design speed of electrically-driven ride-on toys ........69

6.25 Toys containing a heat source .................................................................................................................................................70

6.25.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................70

6.25.2 Exemption for toys containing a heat source .......................................................................................70

6.25.3 The perspective of toys containing a heat source ............................................................................71

6.25.4 Temperature rise of heat source .....................................................................................................................71

6.25.5 Test environment for toys containing a heat source ......................................................................71

6.26 Liquid-filled toys .................................................................................................................................................................................71

6.27 Mouth-actuated toys .......................................................................................................................................................................72

6.28 Toy roller skates, toy inline skates and toy skateboards ..................................................................................72

6.29 Percussion caps ...................................................................................................................................................................................72

6.30 Acoustic requirements ..................................................................................................................................................................73

6.30.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................73

6.30.2 Scope for the acoustic ...............................................................................................................................................73

6.30.3 Category ...............................................................................................................................................................................74

6.30.4 Rattle .......................................................................................................................................................................................74

6.30.5 Comparison of the acoustic requirements .............................................................................................74

6.30.6 Test method .......................................................................................................................................................................74

6.31 Toy scooters ........................................................................

...

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