Information security, cybersecurity and privacy protection — New concepts and changes in ISO/IEC 15408:2022 and ISO/IEC 18045:2022

This document: — introduces the break down between the former ISO/IEC 15408 series (ISO/IEC 15408-1:2009, ISO/IEC 15408-2:2008) and ISO/IEC 15408-3:2008) and ISO/IEC 18045:2008 and the new parts introduced in the ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series and ISO/IEC 18045:2022; — presents the concepts newly introduced as well as the rationale for their inclusion; — proposes an evolution path and information on how to move from CC 3.1 and CEM 3.1 to the ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series and ISO/IEC 18045:2022, respectively; — maps the evolutions between the CC 3.1 and CEM 3.1 and the ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series and ISO/IEC 18045:2022, respectively.

Sécurité de l'information, cybersécurité et protection de la vie privée — Nouveaux concepts et modifications dans l'ISO/IEC 15408:2022 et l'ISO/IEC 18045:2022

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
16-May-2022
Current Stage
1020 - New project ballot initiated
Start Date
08-Dec-2016
Completion Date
13-Dec-2016
Ref Project

Buy Standard

Technical report
ISO/IEC TR 22216:2022 - Information security, cybersecurity and privacy protection — New concepts and changes in ISO/IEC 15408:2022 and ISO/IEC 18045:2022 Released:5/17/2022
English language
46 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview

Standards Content (sample)

TECHNICAL ISO/IEC TR
REPORT 22216
First edition
2022-05
Information security, cybersecurity
and privacy protection — New
concepts and changes in ISO/IEC
15408:2022 and ISO/IEC 18045:2022
Sécurité de l'information, cybersécurité et protection de la vie
privée — Nouveaux concepts et modifications dans l'ISO/IEC
15408:2022 et l'ISO/IEC 18045:2022
Reference number
ISO/IEC TR 22216:2022(E)
© ISO/IEC 2022
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC TR 22216:2022(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2022

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on

the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below

or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
© ISO/IEC 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC TR 22216:2022(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... vi

Introduction .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................vii

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms .............................................................................................................................. 1

3.1 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Abbreviated terms .............................................................................................................................................................................. 2

4 Overview ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2 Structure of this document ......................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.3 Impacts of the revision on the structure and partition of the documents ....................................... 2

4.4 Using this document for transitional information ................................................................................................. 4

4.5 Using the ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series and ISO/IEC 18045:2022 for specific needs .................. 4

5 Major new concepts introduced in the ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series and ISO/

IEC 18045:2022 ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.1 Approaches to security evaluation ....................................................................................................................................... 5

5.1.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

5.1.2 The attack-based approach ....................................................................................................................................... 6

5.1.3 The specification-based approach ...................................................................................................................... 7

5.2 Modularity .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 9

5.2.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.2.2 Composition mechanisms ....................................................................................................................................... 10

5.2.3 Packages ........................................................................................................................................... ....................................... 11

5.2.4 Modular Protection Profiles .................................................................................................................................12

5.2.5 Multi-assurance evaluations ................................................................................................................................. 13

5.2.6 Evaluation by composition and multi-assurance ............................................................................... 17

6 Applying the ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series to specific needs .................................................................................21

6.1 Refining and deriving requirements................................................................................................................................ 21

6.1.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 21

6.1.2 Refinements ......................................................................................................................................................................... 21

6.1.3 Application Notes ............................................................................................................................................................ 21

6.1.4 Extended requirements ............................................................................................................................................ 21

6.2 Refining and deriving evaluation methods ................................................................................................................ 22

6.2.1 General .....................................................................................................................................................................................22

6.2.2 Attack-based approach .............................................................................................................................................. 22

6.2.3 Specification-based approach .............................................................................................................................. 22

6.3 Practical aspects of supporting documents .............................................................................................................. 22

7 Evolutions in the ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series and ISO/IEC 18045:2022 ................................................22

7.1 Changes in ISO/IEC 15408-1:2022 ..................................................................................................................................... 22

7.2 Changes in ISO/IEC 15408-2:2022 .....................................................................................................................................28

7.3 Changes in ISO/IEC 15408-3:2022 ..................................................................................................................................... 31

7.4 Addition of ISO/IEC 15408-4:2022 .................................................................................................................................... 42

7.5 Addition of ISO/IEC 15408-5:2022 ....................................................................................................................................44

7.6 Changes in ISO/IEC 18045:2022 ..........................................................................................................................................44

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................45

iii
© ISO/IEC 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/IEC TR 22216:2022(E)
List of Figures

Figure 1 — ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series and ISO/IEC 18045:2022 structure and mapping to

former ISO/IEC 15408 series (ISO/IEC 15408-1:2009, ISO/IEC 15408-2:2008, ISO/

IEC 15408-3:2008) and ISO/IEC 18045:2008 ......................................................................................................................... 3

Figure 2 — Specification-based and attack-based approaches ............................................................................................ 6

Figure 3 — Smartphone with hardware key store .........................................................................................................................14

Figure 4 — IoT gateway with personal area network .................................................................................................................15

Figure 5 — POI developer ..........................................................................................................................................................................................16

Figure 6 — POI risk owner ........................................................................................................................................................................................16

Figure 7 — POI developer vs risk owner....................................................................................................................................................17

Figure 8 — POI assurance requirements ..................................................................................................................................................17

Figure 9 — Multi-assurance TOE .......................................................................................................................................................................18

Figure 10 — Multiple single evaluations ...................................................................................................................................................19

Figure 11 — Composite TOE ....................................................................................................................................................................................19

Figure 12 — Composite evaluation ........................................................................................................................................... .......................20

Figure 13 — Multi-assurance evaluation of a composite TOE ............................................................................................20

Figure 14 — Multi-assurance composite evaluation ....................................................................................................................21

[14]

Figure 15 — Clause structure — ISO/IEC 15408-1:2022 vs. CC v3.1 revision 5 ......................................24

[14]

Figure 16 — Contents of a PP —ISO/IEC 15408-1:2022 vs. CC v3.1 revision 5 .........................................25

[14]

Figure 17 — Contents of an ST — ISO/IEC 15408-1:2022 vs. CC v3.1 revision 5 .....................................26

[14]

Figure 18 — Contents of a PP-Module — ISO/IEC 15408-1:2022 vs. CC v3.1 revision 5 .................27

Figure 19 — Contents of a PP-Configuration — ISO/IEC 15408-1:2022 vs. CC v3.1 revision

[14]

5 .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................28

© ISO/IEC 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/IEC TR 22216:2022(E)
List of Tables

Table 1 — Overview of newly introduced concepts .......................................................................................................................... 3

Table 2 — Changes in ISO/IEC 15408-1:2022 ........................................................................................................................................23

Table 3 — Changes in ISO/IEC 15408-2:2022 ........................................................................................................................................29

Table 4 — Changes in ISO/IEC 15408-3:2022 .......................................................................................................................................31

Table 5 — Class APE — ISO/IEC 15408-3:2022 vs. CC v3.1 revision 5 .........................................................................31

Table 6 — Class ACE — ISO/IEC 15408-3:2022 vs. CC v3.1 revision 5 .........................................................................33

Table 7 — Class ASE — ISO/IEC 15408-3:2022 vs. CC v3.1 revision 5 .........................................................................36

Table 8 — Class ADV — ISO/IEC 15408-3:2022 vs. CC v3.1 revision 5 ........................................................................38

Table 9 — Class AGD — ISO/IEC 15408-3:2022 vs. CC v3.1 revision 5 ........................................................................39

Table 10 — Class ALC — ISO/IEC 15408-3:2022 vs. CC v3.1 revision 5 ......................................................................40

Table 11 — Class ATE — ISO/IEC 15408-3:2022 vs. CC v3.1 revision 5......................................................................41

Table 12 — Class AVA — ISO/IEC 15408-3:2022 vs. CC v3.1 revision 5......................................................................41

Table 13 — Class ACO — ISO/IEC 15408-3:2022 vs. CC v3.1 revision 5 .....................................................................42

Table 14 — ISO/IEC 15408-4:2022 — Summary ................................................................................................................................42

Table 15 — ISO/IEC 15408-5:2022 — Summary ............................................................................................................................... 44

Table 16 — Changes in ISO/IEC 18045:2022 ......................................................................................................................................... 44

© ISO/IEC 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO/IEC TR 22216:2022(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are

members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical

committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical

activity. ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the

work.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance

are described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria

needed for the different types of document should be noted. This document was drafted in

accordance with the editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives or

www.iec.ch/members_experts/refdocs).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject

of patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights. Details of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the

Introduction and/or on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents) or the IEC

list of patent declarations received (see https://patents.iec.ch).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html. In the IEC, see www.iec.ch/understanding-standards.

This document was prepared by Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology,

Subcommittee SC 27, Information security, cybersecurity and privacy protection.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards

body. A complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html and

www.iec.ch/national-committees.
© ISO/IEC 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/IEC TR 22216:2022(E)
Introduction

The ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series and ISO/IEC 18045:2022 include substantial changes compared to the

former ISO/IEC 15408 series (ISO/IEC 15408-1:2009, ISO/IEC 15408-2:2008 and ISO/IEC 15408-3:2008)

and ISO/IEC 18045:2008 and subsequent Common Criteria and Common Evaluation Methodology

[14]-[17]

Version 3.1 Revision 5 (also called CC 3.1 and CEM 3.1 in the following). The edition:

— covers complex products and communities’ needs;
— offers compatibility with currently existing processes.

The goal of the revision of the ISO/IEC 15408 series (ISO/IEC 15408-1:2009, ISO/IEC 15408-2:2008 and

ISO/IEC 15408-3:2008) and ISO/IEC 18045:2008 was manifold and intended to support and fluidify the

work of all main groups with a general interest in the evaluation of the security properties of Target

of Evaluations (TOEs) by restructuring the documents, introducing new concepts and updating the

existing ones after rigorous consideration of commonly used approaches for the criteria. Specifically,

the revision aimed to:

— take into consideration Common Criteria users, especially existing Mutual Recognition Agreements

(MRAs), and their stakeholders,

NOTE The only existing recognition arrangements are the Common Criteria Recognition Arrangement

(CCRA) and Senior Officials Group — Information Systems Security Mutual Recognition Agreement (SOG-

IS MRA).

— offer continued alignment with the supporting documents developed in the context of the existing

MRAs;

— take into consideration commonly used approaches for the criteria (including but not limited to CC

3.1 and CEM 3.1) and introduce technical changes accordingly.

This document is meant to provide information and support to users of the ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series

and ISO/IEC 18045:2022. The audience for this document includes:
— security assurance consumers;
— IT product developers and those authoring Security Targets;

— technical community subject matter experts (SMEs) developing Packages, Protection Profiles,

evaluation methodologies, and other supportive documents;
— evaluators;
— evaluation schemes, and evaluation authorities;
— consultants, including developers of supportive tools;

— others, including those involved with mutual recognition arrangements and academia.

It is expected that the audience for this document is familiar with CC 3.1 and CEM 3.1.

1) https://www.commoncriteriaportal.org/ccra/index.cfm
2) https://sogis.org
vii
© ISO/IEC 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
TECHNICAL REPORT ISO/IEC TR 22216:2022(E)
Information security, cybersecurity and privacy
protection — New concepts and changes in ISO/IEC
15408:2022 and ISO/IEC 18045:2022
1 Scope
This document:

— introduces the break down between the former ISO/IEC 15408 series (ISO/IEC 15408-1:2009,

ISO/IEC 15408-2:2008) and ISO/IEC 15408-3:2008) and ISO/IEC 18045:2008 and the new parts

introduced in the ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series and ISO/IEC 18045:2022;

— presents the concepts newly introduced as well as the rationale for their inclusion;

— proposes an evolution path and information on how to move from CC 3.1 and CEM 3.1 to the

ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series and ISO/IEC 18045:2022, respectively;

— maps the evolutions between the CC 3.1 and CEM 3.1 and the ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series and

ISO/IEC 18045:2022, respectively.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/IEC 15408-1:2022, Information security, cybersecurity and privacy protection — Evaluation criteria

for IT security — Part 1: Introduction and general model

ISO/IEC 15408-2:2022, Information security, cybersecurity and privacy protection — Evaluation criteria

for IT security — Part 2: Security functional components

ISO/IEC 15408-3:2022, Information security, cybersecurity and privacy protection — Evaluation criteria

for IT security — Part 3: Security assurance components

ISO/IEC 18045:2022, Information security, cybersecurity and privacy protection — Evaluation criteria for

IT security — Methodology for IT security evaluation
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms
3.1 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO/IEC 15408-1:2022,

ISO/IEC 15408-2:2022, ISO/IEC 15408-3:2022, and ISO/IEC 18045:2022 apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminology databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp;
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/ .
© ISO/IEC 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO/IEC TR 22216:2022(E)
3.2 Abbreviated terms

For the purposes of this document, the abbreviated terms given in ISO/IEC 15408-1:2022,

ISO/IEC 15408-2:2022, ISO/IEC 15408-3:2022, and ISO/IEC 18045:2022 and the following apply.

CC Common Criteria
CEM Common Evaluation Methodology
4 Overview
4.1 General

This document is meant to help users of the ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series and ISO/IEC 18045:2022 to

understand how they can adapt the use of the standards to their needs by defining:

— supporting documents;
— refinements or application notes;
— extended requirements in an ST or PP;

and how they can use the concepts newly introduced or modified in the ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series and

ISO/IEC 18045:2022.
4.2 Structure of this document
This document has the following structure:

— subclauses 4.3 to 4.5 give an overview of the new structure of the documents in the ISO/IEC 15408:2022

series with the newly introduced technical concepts (in 4.3), usage information of this document

for transitional information (in 4.4) and usage information of the ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series for

specific needs, respectively (in 4.5);

— in Clause 5, the major new concepts introduced in the ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series are presented,

classified and discussed;

— Clause 6 focuses on concrete guidelines for applying the ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series and

ISO/IEC 18045:2022 for specific needs;

— finally, in Clause 7 the changes introduced and that are specific to each document in the

ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series and ISO/IEC 18045:2022 are mapped and intuitively presented.

4.3 Impacts of the revision on the structure and partition of the documents
The ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series now include five parts.

The ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series has been modified to include two additional parts, namely

ISO/IEC 15408-4:2022 and ISO/IEC 15408-5:2022.

ISO/IEC 15408-4:2022 is a new part that defines a framework for deriving evaluation methods and

activities from the evaluation methodology given in ISO/IEC 18045:2022. These derived evaluation

methods and activities can potentially be included in PPs, PP-Modules, packages, STs and any documents

supporting them.

ISO/IEC 15408-5:2022 is a new part that provides pre-defined security requirements that have been

identified as useful in support of common usage by stakeholders. It contains the text in regard to EALs

(evaluation assurance levels) and CAPs (composed assurance packages) that was previously given in

ISO/IEC 15408-3:2008 and CC 3.1.
© ISO/IEC 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO/IEC TR 22216:2022(E)

Figure 1 illustrates the structure and partition of the ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series and ISO/IEC 18045:2022

documents as well as their relationship to the previous editions.

Figure 1 — ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series and ISO/IEC 18045:2022 structure and mapping

to former ISO/IEC 15408 series (ISO/IEC 15408-1:2009, ISO/IEC 15408-2:2008,
ISO/IEC 15408-3:2008) and ISO/IEC 18045:2008

Table 1 presents the concepts newly introduced in the ISO/IEC 15408:2022 series and

ISO/IEC 18045:2022 and provides a brief, descriptive overview for each.
Table 1 — Overview of newly introduced concepts
ISO/IEC 15408
Newly intro-
Description Impact
duced concept
Document

ISO/IEC 15408- Exact Conform- A new hierarchical relationship between a PP or a PP-Configuration and ISO/

1:2022 ance an ST whereby all the requirements in the ST are drawn from the PP or the IEC 15408-

PP-Configuration, respectively. An ST is allowed to claim exact conformance 3:2022

to exactly one PP-Configuration; it is allowed to claim exact conformance
ISO/IEC
to one or more PPs.
18045:2022
If a PP states that exact conformance is required, the ST will conform to it
in an exact manner, i.e. it will contain SPD and objectives identical to the
ones in the PP, and the same set of SFRs as the PP with all the assignments
and selections resolved.

Direct Rationale A construct allowing for an alternative method to derive the SFRs. The ISO/

SFRs are specified by direct mapping from the SPD; security objectives for IEC 15408-

the TOE are not included, although security objectives for the operational 3:2022

environment can be specified.
ISO/

This approach can be used with PPs, PP-Modules, STs and/or functional IEC 18045:2022

packages, allowing for a PP-Configuration that adopts a Direct Rationale
approach to be specified.

PP-Modules PP-Modules constitute internally consistent sets of SPD-elements, security ISO/

objectives for the TOE and the operational environment, security functional IEC 15408-

requirements and security assurance requirements, defined in the context 3:2022
of one or more specific PPs and potentially of other PP-Modules.
ISO/

They are meant for addressing specific security features of a given TOE type IEC 18045:2022

that cannot be imposed uniformly for all products of that particular type.
They are used only in conjunction with PP-Configurations.
Multi-assurance A new evaluation paradigm which: ISO/
Evaluation IEC 15408-
— allows evaluating heterogeneous products or systems in a
3:2022
unique and coherent manner;
ISO/
— offers the possibility of adapting the assurance level for a
IEC 18045:2022
product in terms of the different assurance levels of its parts.
© ISO/IEC 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO/IEC TR 22216:2022(E)
Table 1 (continued)
ISO/IEC 15408
Newly intro-
Description Impact
duced concept
Document

ISO/IEC 15408- Exact Conform- A new hierarchical relationship between a PP or a PP-Configuration and ISO/

1:2022 ance an ST whereby all the requirements in the ST are drawn from the PP or the IEC 15408-

PP-Configuration, respectively. An ST is allowed to claim exact conformance 3:2022

to exactly one PP-Configuration; it is allowed to claim exact conformance
ISO/IEC
to one or more PPs.
18045:2022
If a PP states that exact conformance is required, the ST will conform to it
in an exact manner, i.e. it will contain SPD and objectives identical to the
ones in the PP, and the same set of SFRs as the PP with all the assignments
and selections resolved.

Composite eval- Real life products have complex supply chains and are most frequently ISO/

uation built by composition. IEC 15408-
3:2022
The composite evaluation method allows and facilitates the evaluation by
each actor involved in the supply chain. In the absence of the composite ISO/

evaluation method, the evaluation of such products would require devel- IEC 18045:2022

opers to provide evidence that they are not in possession of.

ISO/IEC 15408- Complete Formal Inadequacies in a TOE are frequently a consequence of misunderstanding the ISO/

3:2022 TSF model security requirements which, in turn leads to their flawed implement

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.