Safety of toys — Part 1: Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical properties — Amendment 2: Various

Sécurité des jouets — Partie 1: Aspects de sécurité relatifs aux propriétés mécaniques et physiques — Amendement 2: Divers

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Withdrawn
Publication Date
14-Jun-2020
Current Stage
9599 - Withdrawal of International Standard
Completion Date
15-Sep-2022
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 8124-1
Fifth edition
2018-03
AMENDMENT 2
2020-06
Safety of toys —
Part 1:
Safety aspects related to mechanical
and physical properties
AMENDMENT 2: Various
Sécurité des jouets —
Partie 1: Aspects de sécurité relatifs aux propriétés mécaniques et
physiques
AMENDEMENT 2: Divers
Reference number
ISO 8124-1:2018/Amd.2:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2018/Amd.2:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2018/Amd.2:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.
This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 181, Safety of toys.
A list of all parts in the ISO 8124 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2018/Amd.2:2020(E)
Safety of toys —
Part 1:
Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical
properties
AMENDMENT 2: Various
Add the following new terminological entry:
3.88
toy bag

bag, clearly intended for use in play, often having features designed to encourage children to use it in

play activities

Note 1 to entry: Bags that are used solely for storage of the toy or its components are to be considered packaging

regardless of whether they are attractive to children, for example if they are brightly coloured or have

characteristics appealing to children. Such characteristics alone are not enough to define them as toy bags.

Replace the existing 4.3.2 with the following:
4.3.2 Expanding materials
See E.5.

Toys and components of toys which are expanding materials and fit entirely, whatever their orientation,

into the small parts cylinder (see Figure 26) shall completely pass through the gauge specified

in Figure X1, if required when tested in accordance with 5.21 (expanding materials). For a toy or

component that at time of purchase is in an expanded state, the small part size assessment shall be

performed when it is in a shrunken state.

This requirement does not apply to seeds in growing kits. The requirements in this subclause are not

applicable after testing in accordance with 5.24 (reasonably foreseeable abuse tests).

Replace the existing 4.5.1.1 with the following:
4.5.1.1 General

The requirements of 4.5.1 (squeeze toys, rattles, fasteners and certain other toys and components of

toys) do not apply to:

— soft-filled (stuffed) toys or soft-filled parts of toys or parts made entirely of fabric; or

— rigid elements having a major dimension equal to 30 mm or less.
Delete the last paragraph of 4.8.1:

Toys intended to be repeatedly assembled and taken apart shall have the individual pieces and fully

assembled articles, as shown on packaging graphics, instructions, or other advertising, evaluated

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2018/Amd.2:2020(E)

separately. The requirements for the assembled toy do not apply to toys for which the assembling makes

up a significant part of the play value of the toy.
Modify 4.11.3.2 as follows:

Where other cords are included with or attached to toys (excluding pull toys) with a free length

exceeding 300 mm, when measured according to 5.11.2 (length of cords and electrical cables), the toy’s

packaging shall carry a warning indicating that the toy is unsuitable for children under the age of 18

months (see B.2.23, toys with cords intended for children 18 months and over but under 36 months).

This requirement applies to any cords remaining attached to toys after assessment against 4.11.3.1 b).

Modify 4.11.3.3 as follows:

Where other cords without a free end, with a length exceeding 220 mm but not exceeding 300 mm when

measured according to 5.11.2 (length of cords and electrical cables), are included with or attached to

toys, the toy’s packaging shall carry a warning indicating that the toy is not suitable for children under

the age of 18 months (see B.2.23, toys with cords intended for children 18 months and over but under

36 months).
Replace 4.12.2 a) and b) with the following:

a) have a safety stop or locking device to prevent unexpected or sudden movement or collapse of the

toy. The safety stop or locking device shall not become partially or fully disengaged when tested

in accordance with 5.24 (reasonably foreseeable abuse tests) and the toy shall not collapse when

tested in accordance with 5.22.3 (other toys with folding mechanisms);

b) have adequate clearance between moving parts to protect the fingers and toes against crushing or

laceration in the event of sudden movement or collapse of the toy. If it is possible to insert a 5 mm

diameter rod between moving parts, it shall also be possible to insert a 12 mm diameter rod.

Modify 4.18.3 b) as follows:

b) Projectiles with a kinetic energy greater than 0,08 J when tested according to 5.15.1 (kinetic energy

of projectiles) shall:
— have a contact surface(s) made of a resilient material;

— be accompanied by instructions for use that give the user information on how to use the toy

safely (see B.2.15, projectile toys, for guidance). This requirement only applies to projectiles

that it might reasonably be possible to aim at the face (see E.32, projectile toys); and

— have a kinetic energy per unit area not greater than 2 500 J/m when tested according to

5.15.1.3.3 (determination of kinetic energy per area of contact).
Modify 4.18.4 as follows:

Projectile toys without stored energy that could be launched at the face should be accompanied by

instructions for use that give the user information on how to use the toy safely (see B.2.15, projectile

toys). This recommendation does not apply to projectile toys intended to be thrown towards people, for

example flying discs, balls or similar objects.
2 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2018/Amd.2:2020(E)
Add the following new subclause:
4.36 Assembly
4.36.1 General

Toys intended to be assembled shall be accompanied by assembly instructions with sufficient detail to

ensure that the toy is assembled as intended by the manufacturer.
4.36.2 Toys intended to be assembled by a child

If a toy is intended to be assembled by a child, the requirements in this document apply to each

component made available to the child and to the assembled toy.

Toys, such as construction sets, where assembling provides a significant part of the play value of the toy

shall be evaluated to determine if any potential hazards exist (e.g. projection hazards, projectile hazards,

strangulation hazards). The evaluation is limited to those assemblies depicted on the packaging and/or

instructions for use. Based on this evaluation, assemblies that have the potential to be hazardous shall

be constructed and tested according to the appropriate subclauses of this document. For example, a toy

that requires the child to assemble a working catapult shall be evaluated for any potential projectile

hazards. Where a large number of assembly configurations are possible, the tests in 5.24 (reasonably

foreseeable abuse tests) do not need to be carried out on the assembled toy.

NOTE It might only be necessary to construct a portion of the entire assembly to carry out the necessary

testing.
4.36.3 Toys intended to be assembled by an adult

If a toy is intended to be assembled by an adult, the requirements in this document apply only to the

assembled toy.
Toys intended to be assembled by an adult shall:

— have packaging and instructions that prominently indicate that the article is to be assembled by

an adult;

— have assembly instructions that highlight any connections that are important for the safe use of the

toy, for example connections that prevent failures that may be, or cause, hazards;

— have instructions that include information on the potential hazards resulting from incorrect

assembly if this could reasonably result in the creation of a hazard.
4.36.4 Toys that are intended to be disassembled between uses

— The assembly instructions shall highlight the importance of keeping the instructions for future

reference.

— Any connections that are important for the safe use of the toy shall be marked to indicate that the

product must not be used without the connection in place.
Delete the ninth paragraph of 5.1:

Toys reasonably intended to be assembled by an adult and not intended to be taken apart by a child

shall be tested only in the assembled state if the packaging and the assembly instructions prominently

indicate that the article is to be assembled only by an adult.
Replace the existing 5.21 with the following:
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 3
...

FINAL
ISO
AMENDMENT
DRAFT
8124-1:2018
FDAM 2
ISO/TC 181
Safety of toys —
Secretariat: DS
Voting begins on:
Part 1:
2020-03-11
Safety aspects related to mechanical
Voting terminates on:
and physical properties
2020-05-06
AMENDMENT 2: Various
Sécurité des jouets —
Partie 1: Aspects de sécurité relatifs aux propriétés mécaniques et
physiques
AMENDEMENT 2: .
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO-
ISO 8124-1:2018/FDAM 2:2020(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN-
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2018/FDAM 2:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2018/FDAM 2:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.
This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 181, Safety of toys.
A list of all parts in the ISO 8124 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2018/FDAM 2:2020(E)
Safety of toys —
Part 1:
Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical
properties
AMENDMENT 2: Various
Add the following new terminological entry:
3.88
toy bag

bag, clearly intended for use in play, often having features designed to encourage children to use it in

play activities

Note 1 to entry: Bags that are used solely for storage of the toy or its components are to be considered packaging

regardless of whether they are attractive to children, for example if they are brightly coloured or have

characteristics appealing to children. Such characteristics alone are not enough to define them as toy bags.

Replace the existing 4.3.2 with the following:
4.3.2 Expanding materials
See E.5.

Toys and components of toys which are expanding materials and fit entirely, whatever their orientation,

into the small parts cylinder (see Figure 26) shall completely pass through the gauge specified

in Figure X1, if required when tested in accordance with 5.21 (expanding materials). For a toy or

component that at time of purchase is in an expanded state, the small part size assessment shall be

performed when it is in a shrunken state.

This requirement does not apply to seeds in growing kits. The requirements in this subclause are not

applicable after testing in accordance with 5.24 (reasonably foreseeable abuse tests).

Replace the existing 4.5.1.1 with the following:
4.5.1.1 General

The requirements of 4.5.1 (squeeze toys, rattles, fasteners and certain other toys and components of

toys) do not apply to:

— soft-filled (stuffed) toys or soft-filled parts of toys or parts made entirely of fabric; or

— rigid elements having a major dimension equal to 30 mm or less.
Delete the last paragraph of 4.8.1:

Toys intended to be repeatedly assembled and taken apart shall have the individual pieces and fully

assembled articles, as shown on packaging graphics, instructions, or other advertising, evaluated

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2018/FDAM 2:2020(E)

separately. The requirements for the assembled toy do not apply to toys for which the assembling makes

up a significant part of the play value of the toy.
Modify 4.11.3.2 as follows:

Where other cords are included with or attached to toys (excluding pull toys) with a free length

exceeding 300 mm, when measured according to 5.11.2 (length of cords and electrical cables), the toy’s

packaging shall carry a warning indicating that the toy is unsuitable for children under the age of 18

months (see B.2.23, toys with cords intended for children 18 months and over but under 36 months).

This requirement applies to any cords remaining attached to toys after assessment against 4.11.3.1 b).

Modify 4.11.3.3 as follows:

Where other cords without a free end, with a length exceeding 220 mm but not exceeding 300 mm when

measured according to 5.11.2 (length of cords and electrical cables), are included with or attached to

toys, the toy’s packaging shall carry a warning indicating that the toy is not suitable for children under

the age of 18 months (see B.2.23, toys with cords intended for children 18 months and over but under

36 months).
Replace 4.12.2 a) and b) with the following:

a) have a safety stop or locking device to prevent unexpected or sudden movement or collapse of the

toy. The safety stop or locking device shall not become partially or fully disengaged when tested

in accordance with 5.24 (reasonably foreseeable abuse tests) and the toy shall not collapse when

tested in accordance with 5.22.3 (other toys with folding mechanisms);

b) have adequate clearance between moving parts to protect the fingers and toes against crushing or

laceration in the event of sudden movement or collapse of the toy. If it is possible to insert a 5 mm

diameter rod between moving parts, it shall also be possible to insert a 12 mm diameter rod.

Modify 4.18.3 b) as follows:

b) Projectiles with a kinetic energy greater than 0,08 J when tested according to 5.15.1 (kinetic energy

of projectiles) shall:
— have a contact surface(s) made of a resilient material;

— be accompanied by instructions for use that give the user information on how to use the toy

safely (see B.2.15, projectile toys, for guidance). This requirement only applies to projectiles

that it might reasonably be possible to aim at the face (see E.32, projectile toys); and

— have a kinetic energy per unit area not greater than 2 500 J/m when tested according to

5.15.1.3.3 (determination of kinetic energy per area of contact).
Modify 4.18.4 as follows:

Projectile toys without stored energy that it might reasonably be possible to launch at the face should

be accompanied by instructions for use that give the user information on how to use the toy safely (see

B.2.15, projectile toys). This recommendation does not apply to projectile toys intended to be thrown

towards people, for example flying discs, balls or similar objects.
2 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 8124-1:2018/FDAM 2:2020(E)
Add the following new subclause:
4.36 Assembly
4.36.1 General

Toys intended to be assembled shall be accompanied by assembly instructions with sufficient detail to

ensure that the toy is assembled as intended by the manufacturer.
4.36.2 Toys intended to be assembled by a child

If a toy is intended to be assembled by a child, the requirements in this document apply to each

component made available to the child and to the assembled toy.

Toys, such as construction sets, where assembling provides a significant part of the play value of the toy

shall be evaluated to determine if any potential hazards exist (e.g. projection hazards, projectile hazards,

strangulation hazards). The evaluation is limited to those assemblies depicted on the packaging and/or

instructions for use. Based on this evaluation, assemblies that have the potential to be hazardous shall

be constructed and tested according to the appropriate subclauses of this document. For example, a toy

that requires the child to assemble a working catapult shall be evaluated for any potential projectile

hazards. Where a large number of assembly configurations are possible, the tests in 5.24 (reasonably

foreseeable abuse tests) do not need to be carried out on the assembled toy.

NOTE It might only be necessary to construct a portion of the entire assembly to carry out the necessary

testing.
4.36.3 Toys intended to be assembled by an adult

If a toy is intended to be assembled by an adult, the requirements apply only to the assembled toy.

Toys intended to be assembled by an adult shall:

— have packaging and instructions that prominently indicate that the article is to be assembled by

an adult;

— have assembly instructions that highlight any connections that are important for the safe use of the

toy, for example connections that prevent failures that may be, or cause, hazards;

— have instructions that include information on the potential hazards resulting from incorrect

assembly if this could reasonably result in the creation of a hazard.
4.36.4 Toys that are intended to be disassembled between uses

— The assembly instructions shall highlight the importance of keeping the instructions for future

reference.

— Any connections that are important for the safe use of the toy shall be marked to indicate that the

product must not be used without the connection in place.
Delete the ninth paragraph of 5.1:

Toys reasonably intended to be assembled by an adult and not intended to be taken apart by a chil

...

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