Information technology -- Office equipment -- Method for measuring digital copying productivity for a single one-sided original

This document specifies a method for measuring productivity of digital copying devices and multifunctional devices with various copying modes and a single one-sided original. The document is applicable to digital copying devices and multifunctional devices. The document is intended to be used for black and white (B&W) as well as colour digital copying devices and multifunctional devices of any underlying marking technology. This document includes instructions for the creation of test charts, test setup procedure, test procedure, and the reporting requirements for the digital copying productivity measurements. This document is not intended to replace manufacturer's rated speeds.

Technologies de l'information -- Équipement de bureau -- Méthode de mesure de la productivité du copiage numérique d'un simple original une face

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Status
Published
Publication Date
12-Apr-2021
Current Stage
5060 - Close of voting Proof returned by Secretariat
Start Date
05-Mar-2021
Completion Date
05-Mar-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 29183
Second edition
2021-04
Information technology — Office
equipment — Method for measuring
digital copying productivity for a
single one-sided original
Technologies de l'information — Équipement de bureau — Méthode
de mesure de la productivité du copiage numérique d'un simple
original une face
Reference number
ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)
ISO/IEC 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Test parameters and conditions ........................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.1 Copying device setup ......................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Copying device condition ............................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.3 Sample size ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

4.4 Paper ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

4.5 Maintenance .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

4.6 Preparation of test targets (test charts) ............................................................................................................................ 5

4.7 Environment ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.8 Voltage ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

5 Test method ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.1 Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.2 Test measurement procedure .................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.2.1 Test setup ............................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.2.2 “1 copy” test from ready ............................................................................................................................................ 8

5.2.3 “1 copy” test from sleep ............................................................................................................................................. 8

5.2.4 “1 copy” test from off.................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2.5 “1 copy + 30 seconds” test from ready .......................................................................................................10

5.2.6 “1 copy + 4 minutes” test from ready ..........................................................................................................10

5.3 Test method process .......................................................................................................................................................................11

5.3.1 Suggested flow chart .................................................................................................................................................11

5.3.2 ± 5 % consistency criteria .....................................................................................................................................13

5.3.3 Estimating the copy count ....................................................................................................................................13

5.3.4 Single test target criteria ........................................................................................................................................14

5.4 Performance test ................................................................................................................................................................................15

6 Calculations and treatment of data ................................................................................................................................................15

6.1 Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................................15

6.2 Performance test ................................................................................................................................................................................16

6.2.1 “1 copy” test from ready .........................................................................................................................................16

6.2.2 “1 copy” test from sleep ..........................................................................................................................................16

6.2.3 “1 copy” test from off.................................................................................................................................................17

6.2.4 “1 copy + 30 seconds” test from ready .......................................................................................................17

6.2.5 “1 copy + 4 minutes” test from ready ..........................................................................................................18

7 Presentation of results ................................................................................................................................................................................19

7.1 Sharing testing and reports ......................................................................................................................................................19

7.2 Performance test ................................................................................................................................................................................19

7.2.1 Overview ..............................................................................................................................................................................19

7.2.2 Minimum declaration ...............................................................................................................................................19

7.2.3 Summary report ............................................................................................................................................................20

7.2.4 Full report ...........................................................................................................................................................................20

Annex A (informative) Report presentation ..............................................................................................................................................22

Annex B (informative) Full detailed report example ........................................................................................................................24

Annex C (informative) Test targets for measurement of copying productivity .....................................................27

Annex D (normative) Procedure to establish ready delay time ............................................................................................28

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................31

© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that

are members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through

technical committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of

technical activity. ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other

international organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also

take part in the work.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for

the different types of document should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives or www .iec .ch/ members

_experts/ refdocs).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject

of patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights. Details of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the

Introduction and/or on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents) or the IEC

list of patent declarations received (see patents.iec.ch).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html. In the IEC, see www .iec .ch/ understanding -standards.

This document was prepared by Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology,

Subcommittee SC 28, Office equipment.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO/IEC 29183:2010), which has been

technically revised.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:

— “Terms and definitions” clause has been modified to add new definitions and removed definitions of

terms not used in the text;

— annex structure was changed to be consistent with other productivity standards;

— added “ready delay time” requirement to “test measurement” procedures;
— added Annex D for the procedure to determine the “ready delay time”;

— added sFCOT from sleep, sFCOT from sleep after 15 min, and sFCOT from off tests and reporting;

— added minimum declaration examples to Annex A.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html and www .iec .ch/ national

-committees.
iv © ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)
Introduction

Many digital copying devices produce copied pages at a different rate than their nominal speed when

running with different quality modes, different substrate grammage, different job content and job

lengths. The degree to which a change in productivity is experienced depends significantly on other

parameters of the job stream. The most dominant of the parameters of the job stream are: (image

quality modes selected, job content, B&W and colour reproduction job stream, run length). The existing

International Standard (ISO/IEC 24735) only addresses the productivity issues for digital copying

devices when using both collation and an ADF (automatic document feeder) and cannot be used for a

single one sided original.

This document provides a general method for measuring productivity when the above-mentioned job

stream parameters for digital copying devices are taken into consideration. This document also includes

instructions for the creation of test charts. It allows manufacturers and buyers of digital copying

devices to describe the productivity of various digital copying devices with respect to representative

office usage.
© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)
Information technology — Office equipment — Method for
measuring digital copying productivity for a single one-
sided original
1 Scope

This document specifies a method for measuring productivity of digital copying devices and

multifunctional devices with various copying modes and a single one-sided original. The document is

applicable to digital copying devices and multifunctional devices. The document is intended to be used

for black and white (B&W) as well as colour digital copying devices and multifunctional devices of any

underlying marking technology. This document includes instructions for the creation of test charts, test

setup procedure, test procedure, and the reporting requirements for the digital copying productivity

measurements.
This document is not intended to replace manufacturer's rated speeds.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 536, Paper and board — Determination of grammage

ISO 2470-1, Paper, board and pulps — Measurement of diffuse blue reflectance factor — Part 1: Indoor

daylight conditions (ISO brightness)

ISO/IEC 24734, Information technology — Office equipment — Method for measuring digital printing

productivity
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO/IEC 24734 and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
sEFTP
effective throughput

rate at which a device produces pages measured from the initiation of the job through the complete exit

of the last test set (3.11)

Note 1 to entry: “s” denotes that a single one sided original is used for the measurement.

Note 2 to entry: sEFTP is expressed in images per minute (ipm). sEFTP can be affected by scan time, digital

processing time, and maintenance as well as the run time of the test.

[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 24734:2021, 3.6, modified — The term "EFTP" has been replaced by "sEFTP" and

Note 1 to entry has been added.]
© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)
3.2
sESAT
estimated saturated throughput

rate at which a device produces pages measured from the complete exit of the first test set (3.11) to the

complete exit of the last test set

Note 1 to entry: “s” denotes that a single one sided original is used for the measurement.

Note 2 to entry: sESAT is expressed in images per minute (ipm).

Note 3 to entry: There is a different definition called “Continuous Copy Speed” for EP (electrophotographic)

copying machine is defined in ISO/IEC 21117.

Note 4 to entry: Since each test set is one page. it is by definition the last page of the test set.

[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 24734:2021, 3.7, modified — The term "ESAT" has been replaced by "sESAT" and

Notes 1 and 3 to entry have been added.]
3.3
sFCOT
first copy out time

number of seconds between the initiation of the job to the complete exit of the first copy

Note 1 to entry: “s” denotes that a single one sided original is used for the measurement.

Note 2 to entry: For a single one sided original the first copy is the first set and sFCOT equals sFSOT.

Note 3 to entry: sFCOT can refer to sFCOT from ready, sFCOT from sleep, sFCOT from off. Specific usage will be

noted by sFCOT , sFCOT , sFCOT .
ready sleep off
Note 4 to entry: sFCOT is strongly affected by the scanning time.

Note 5 to entry: There is a different definition called “FCOT; first copy out time”. This “FCOT” for EP

(electrophotographic) copying machine is defined in ISO/IEC 21117.
3.4
full report

presentation of results including the first copy out time (sFCOT) (3.3) from ready,

sFCOT from sleep, sFCOT from off, estimated saturated throughput (sESAT) (3.2) and effective throughput

(sEFTP) (3.1) values as well as the calculated averages for each values
3.5
off state

state from which a device is not capable of making a copy without user intervention to turn on the power

Note 1 to entry: A device may enter off state due to a user turning the device off, or the device may enter off state

automatically after a delay.
3.6
performance test

test used to evaluate productivity by providing first copy out time (sFCOT) (3.3), estimated saturated

throughput (sESAT) (3.2) and effective throughput (sEFTP) (3.1)
3.7
power management delay time

time that a device waits between the exit of the last page of the last job and being in a lower power state

such as sleep state or off state (3.5)

Note 1 to entry: The power management delay time corresponding to the setting as shipped is referred to as

“default power management delay time” or "default delay time".
2 © ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)
3.8
recovery time

time required by a device to recover from a sleep state given by the difference in the exit timing of the

first page of the sleep state job and the exit timing of the first page of the ready state job

Note 1 to entry: Other related terms are “resume time” and “return time”. Other similar terms have been used in

industry as well.
3.9
saturated time per copy

average time per copy measured from the complete exit of the first copy to the complete exit of the

last copy
3.10
test run

operation of copying one test target (3.12), in a particular system configuration, with a particular test

set (3.11) and page count
Note 1 to entry: Copy times are recorded for each test run.
3.11
test set
test copy
single page test target (3.12)

[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 24735:2021, 3.11, modified — The definition modified for single page.]

3.12
test target
test chart
hardcopy page used for testing per the test method, created from the test file

[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 24735:2021, 3.25, modified — The word "document" has been replaced by "page".]

3.13
warm-up time

time required by a device to recover from off state (3.5) given by the difference in first copy out time

(sFCOT) (3.3) between off state and ready state

Note 1 to entry: Other similar terms, such as "wait time", have been used in industry as well.

4 Test parameters and conditions
4.1 Copying device setup

Place the copying device on a horizontal surface and set up the copying device according to the

manufacturer's recommendations.

The copying device shall be fully enclosed in its normal exterior cover. The machine and all of its

necessary supplies shall be acclimated in the test environment prior to conducting the test(s) for at least

8 h. All supplies used in the test(s), including copy paper, shall be those specified by the manufacturer.

All image and copying modes shall be at their factory preset configuration for the copying device. It

is assumed that the settings listed in Table 1 are common to all copying devices. These listed settings

shall be set to the manufacturer's default or preset condition for the device. If a device has settings not

listed in Table 1, they too shall be set to default settings. For copying devices that have additional print

quality and digital image processing features, those features shall be set to match their normal default

condition and included in the result reporting.
© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)

Disabling manufacturer default installed features, routines or applications, is not allowed.

EXAMPLE 1 Examples of routines that may not be disabled include, but are not limited to the following:

— automatic cleaning;
— calibration cycles;
— energy save settings.

If the system has automatic media detect (automatic paper type selection), it can be disabled, and paper

used in the test shall be selected manually. This shall be noted in the full detailed report (see Annex B).

The following preset values in the test will be noted on this report format. Additional optional tests

with non-default settings or configurations may be run.

If the copying device is setup with internal or external options such as memory, sorter, or finisher as

default, then these options shall be noted on the full detailed report format in the configuration options

as shown in Annex B.
EXAMPLE 2 Examples of configurations options to be captured:
— finisher as default;
— 160GB HDD installed.
Table 1 — Preset settings
Preset item Preset value
Output resolution default
Output quality default
Mode Copying mode default
Auto density adjustment default
Collating function default
Paper sending direction default
Paper
Paper type setting default
Paper feeding default paper feeder
Paper-path Paper exit standard exit tray
Face up exit default
Fixing capability default
Image quality stability default
Temporary stop
Capacity of paper default
Others default
4.2 Copying device condition

All supplies used in the test(s), including paper and printing device consumables, shall be only those

specified as acceptable for use by the manufacturer (or otherwise noted). If available the number

of pages printed on the engine and printed on the consumables prior to the start of the test shall be

recorded and reported. The machine and all of its necessary supplies shall be acclimated in the test

environment prior to conducting the test(s) at least 8 h.
4.3 Sample size

Each target shall be tested and measured at least twice for repeatability. All required tests shall be run

using one device.
4 © ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)
4.4 Paper

The output paper used in this test shall be within the range of, and/or not violate, specific written

attribute guidelines and recommendations provided by the copying device manufacturer, which may

include but are not limited to: size, grammage, composition, paper manufacturer(s), paper type, part

number and other physical characteristics. Care shall be taken to use a paper that conforms to the

copying device manufacturers' paper specifications for the default copying device settings. The paper

used for the performance test 5.4 shall be cut sheet, A4 and/or 8,5" × 11" (215,9 mm × 279,4 mm) size.

The paper used in the test shall be recorded in the full detailed test report.

The same paper size should be used for each machine when wanting to compare the productivity

results of one machine with other machines. If the copying device is used in “thick paper mode” for

copying, then this optional mode should be noted on the full detailed report format in corresponding

column in Annex B.
4.5 Maintenance

Copying device maintenance routines shall be performed throughout testing per the manufacturer's

recommendations on an as needed basis.
EXAMPLE Examples of maintenance routines:
— cleaning routines;
— consumables replacement.
4.6 Preparation of test targets (test charts)
The copying test file is outlined in Annex C.

This test file is from ISO/IEC 24735. The test file consists of four single-sided pages. When using the

test file for the copying productivity test, the test targets shall be created by printing the most recent

electronic test file. If the intended machine does not have a printer function, then record the name of

the printer which is used to print out the actual test targets.

The quality of test targets may affect the productivity measurement. Test targets should be created

according to the following instructions.

a) The test targets shall be printed by the equipment to be tested in its default-printing mode in

simplex mode.

b) The paper used for creating the test targets shall have a brightness of at least 80 % to eliminate the

influence of background.

c) The paper used for creating the test targets shall be 64 g/m or above and sufficiently opaque.

d) The paper used for creating the test targets shall be free of wrinkles or other surface defects.

e) Confirm that there are no defects such as unexpected dots or contamination on the paper.

f) Page scaling shall not be used. Typically, this is done by setting page scaling to “none”. Options such

as “Fit to printable area” shall not be used.

The brightness shall be measured according to ISO 2470-1. The paper grammage shall be measured

according to ISO 536.
© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved 5
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)
4.7 Environment

The test environment, including temperature and humidity, shall be within the ranges recommended

by the manufacturer for operating the device. If no recommendation is available, the following ranges

shall apply:
— temperature: 18 °C to 25 °C,
— relative humidity: 30 % to 70 %.

The temperature and humidity ranges of the test environment shall be recorded in the full detailed report.

4.8 Voltage

The copying device shall be connected to a voltage supply within the manufacturer specified operating

voltage range for the copying device under test. The voltage should be measured under no-load

condition prior to each test suite and recorded in the full detailed report.

NOTE It is possible that devices that utilise a heater have a longer sFCOT time when the line voltage is at the

lower value of the recommended operating range.
5 Test method
5.1 Overview

The test procedures in this document apply to tests using either the scanning glass or ADF. For devices

with both ADF and a scanning glass testing with the scanning glass is mandatory, testing with the ADF

is optional. If the test is performed with the scanning glass and the ADF, then results from both tests

shall be documented in the full test report. It is acceptable to test with only the ADF if it is the only

scanner input path. This may be the case on scroll fed scanners, such as those typically found on fax

machines.

A single copy (1 copy test) of the relevant test target is copied in order to measure first copy out time

from ready (sFCOT ), sleep (sFCOT ), and off (sFCOT ). Multiple, N sets, of each relevant test

ready sleep off

target are copied and measured for the 1 copy + 30 seconds test run to calculate estimated saturated

throughput (sESAT ) and effective throughput (sEFTP ), where N is the number of sets needed to

30sec 30sec

meet sLSOT - sFSOT ≥ 30 s , and sLSOT is the last set out time for the 1 copy + 30 seconds

30sec 30sec 30sec
test. The 1 copy + 4 minutes test is a similar concept used to calculate sEFTP .
4min
The 1 copy + 30 seconds test is
...

INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 29183
Second edition
Information technology — Office
equipment — Method for measuring
digital copying productivity for a
single one-sided original
Technologies de l'information — Équipement de bureau — Méthode
de mesure de la productivité du copiage numérique d'un simple
original une face
PROOF/ÉPREUVE
Reference number
ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)
ISO/IEC 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Test parameters and conditions ........................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.1 Copying device setup ......................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Copying device condition ............................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.3 Sample size ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

4.4 Paper ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

4.5 Maintenance .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

4.6 Preparation of test targets (test charts) ............................................................................................................................ 5

4.7 Environment ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.8 Voltage ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

5 Test method ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.1 Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.2 Test measurement procedure .................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.2.1 Test setup ............................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.2.2 “1 copy” test from ready ............................................................................................................................................ 8

5.2.3 “1 copy” test from sleep ............................................................................................................................................. 8

5.2.4 “1 copy” test from off.................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2.5 “1 copy + 30 seconds” test from ready .......................................................................................................10

5.2.6 “1 copy + 4 minutes” test from ready ..........................................................................................................10

5.3 Test method process .......................................................................................................................................................................11

5.3.1 Suggested flow chart .................................................................................................................................................11

5.3.2 ± 5 % consistency criteria .....................................................................................................................................13

5.3.3 Estimating the copy count ....................................................................................................................................13

5.3.4 Single test target criteria ........................................................................................................................................14

5.4 Performance test ................................................................................................................................................................................15

6 Calculations and treatment of data ................................................................................................................................................15

6.1 Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................................15

6.2 Performance test ................................................................................................................................................................................16

6.2.1 “1 copy” test from ready .........................................................................................................................................16

6.2.2 “1 copy” test from sleep ..........................................................................................................................................16

6.2.3 “1 copy” test from off.................................................................................................................................................17

6.2.4 “1 copy + 30 seconds” test from ready .......................................................................................................17

6.2.5 “1 copy + 4 minutes” test from ready ..........................................................................................................18

7 Presentation of results ................................................................................................................................................................................19

7.1 Sharing testing and reports ......................................................................................................................................................19

7.2 Performance test ................................................................................................................................................................................19

7.2.1 Overview ..............................................................................................................................................................................19

7.2.2 Minimum declaration ...............................................................................................................................................19

7.2.3 Summary report ............................................................................................................................................................20

7.2.4 Full report ...........................................................................................................................................................................20

Annex A (informative) Report presentation ..............................................................................................................................................22

Annex B (informative) Full detailed report example ........................................................................................................................24

Annex C (informative) Test targets for measurement of copying productivity .....................................................27

Annex D (normative) Procedure to establish ready delay time ............................................................................................28

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................31

© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that

are members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through

technical committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of

technical activity. ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other

international organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also

take part in the work.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for

the different types of document should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives or www .iec .ch/ members

_experts/ refdocs).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject

of patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights. Details of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the

Introduction and/or on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents) or the IEC

list of patent declarations received (see patents.iec.ch).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html. In the IEC, see www .iec .ch/ understanding -standards.

This document was prepared by Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology,

Subcommittee SC 28, Office equipment.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO/IEC 29183:2010), which has been

technically revised.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:

— “Terms and definitions” clause has been modified to add new definitions and removed definitions of

terms not used in the text;

— annex structure was changed to be consistent with other productivity standards;

— added “ready delay time” requirement to “test measurement” procedures;
— added Annex D for the procedure to determine the “ready delay time”;

— added sFCOT from sleep, sFCOT from sleep after 15 min, and sFCOT from off tests and reporting;

— added minimum declaration examples to Annex A.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html and www .iec .ch/ national

-committees.
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ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)
Introduction

Many digital copying devices produce copied pages at a different rate than their nominal speed when

running with different quality modes, different substrate grammage, different job content and job

lengths. The degree to which a change in productivity is experienced depends significantly on other

parameters of the job stream. The most dominant of the parameters of the job stream are: (image

quality modes selected, job content, B&W and colour reproduction job stream, run length). The existing

International Standard (ISO/IEC 24735) only addresses the productivity issues for digital copying

devices when using both collation and an ADF (automatic document feeder) and cannot be used for a

single one sided original.

This document provides a general method for measuring productivity when the above-mentioned job

stream parameters for digital copying devices are taken into consideration. This document also includes

instructions for the creation of test charts. It allows manufacturers and buyers of digital copying

devices to describe the productivity of various digital copying devices with respect to representative

office usage.
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)
Information technology — Office equipment — Method for
measuring digital copying productivity for a single one-
sided original
1 Scope

This document specifies a method for measuring productivity of digital copying devices and

multifunctional devices with various copying modes and a single one-sided original. The document is

applicable to digital copying devices and multifunctional devices. The document is intended to be used

for black and white (B&W) as well as colour digital copying devices and multifunctional devices of any

underlying marking technology. This document includes instructions for the creation of test charts, test

setup procedure, test procedure, and the reporting requirements for the digital copying productivity

measurements.
This document is not intended to replace manufacturer's rated speeds.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 536, Paper and board — Determination of grammage

ISO 2470-1, Paper, board and pulps — Measurement of diffuse blue reflectance factor — Part 1: Indoor

daylight conditions (ISO brightness)

ISO/IEC 24734, Information technology — Office equipment — Method for measuring digital printing

productivity
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO/IEC 24734 and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
sEFTP
effective throughput

rate at which a device produces pages measured from the initiation of the job through the complete exit

of the last test set (3.11)

Note 1 to entry: “s” denotes that a single one sided original is used for the measurement.

Note 2 to entry: sEFTP is expressed in images per minute (ipm). sEFTP can be affected by scan time, digital

processing time, and maintenance as well as the run time of the test.

[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 24734:2021, 3.6, modified — The term "EFTP" has been replaced by "sEFTP" and

Note 1 to entry has been added.]
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ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)
3.2
sESAT
estimated saturated throughput

rate at which a device produces pages measured from the complete exit of the first test set (3.11) to the

complete exit of the last test set

Note 1 to entry: “s” denotes that a single one sided original is used for the measurement.

Note 2 to entry: sESAT is expressed in images per minute (ipm).

Note 3 to entry: There is a different definition called “Continuous Copy Speed” for EP (electrophotographic)

copying machine is defined in ISO/IEC 21117.

Note 4 to entry: Since each test set is one page. it is by definition the last page of the test set.

[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 24734:2021, 3.7, modified — The term "ESAT" has been replaced by "sESAT" and

Notes 1 and 3 to entry have been added.]
3.3
sFCOT
first copy out time

number of seconds between the initiation of the job to the complete exit of the first copy

Note 1 to entry: “s” denotes that a single one sided original is used for the measurement.

Note 2 to entry: For a single one sided original the first copy is the first set and sFCOT equals sFSOT.

Note 3 to entry: sFCOT can refer to sFCOT from ready, sFCOT from sleep, sFCOT from off. Specific usage will be

noted by sFCOT , sFCOT , sFCOT .
ready sleep off
Note 4 to entry: sFCOT is strongly affected by the scanning time.

Note 5 to entry: There is a different definition called “FCOT; first copy out time”. This “FCOT” for EP

(electrophotographic) copying machine is defined in ISO/IEC 21117.
3.4
full report

presentation of results including the first copy out time (sFCOT) (3.3) from ready,

sFCOT from sleep, sFCOT from off, estimated saturated throughput (sESAT) (3.2) and effective throughput

(sEFTP) (3.1) values as well as the calculated averages for each values
3.5
off state

state from which a device is not capable of making a copy without user intervention to turn on the power

Note 1 to entry: A device may enter off state due to a user turning the device off, or the device may enter off state

automatically after a delay.
3.6
performance test

test used to evaluate productivity by providing first copy out time (sFCOT) (3.3), estimated saturated

throughput (sESAT) (3.2) and effective throughput (sEFTP) (3.1)
3.7
power management delay time

time that a device waits between the exit of the last page of the last job and being in a lower power state

such as sleep state or off state (3.5)

Note 1 to entry: The power management delay time corresponding to the setting as shipped is referred to as

“default power management delay time” or "default delay time".
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ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)
3.8
recovery time

time required by a device to recover from a sleep state given by the difference in the exit timing of the

first page of the sleep state job and the exit timing of the first page of the ready state job

Note 1 to entry: Other related terms are “resume time” and “return time”. Other similar terms have been used in

industry as well.
3.9
saturated time per copy

average time per copy measured from the complete exit of the first copy to the complete exit of the

last copy
3.10
test run

operation of copying one test target (3.12), in a particular system configuration, with a particular test

set (3.11) and page count
Note 1 to entry: Copy times are recorded for each test run.
3.11
test set
test copy
single page test target (3.12)

[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 24735:2021, 3.11, modified— The definition modified for single page.]

3.12
test target
test chart
hardcopy page used for testing per the test method, created from the test file

[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 24735:2021, 3.25, modified — The word "document" has been replaced by "page".]

3.13
warm-up time

time required by a device to recover from off state (3.5) given by the difference in first copy out time

(sFCOT) (3.3) between off state and ready state

Note 1 to entry: Other similar terms, such as "wait time", have been used in industry as well.

4 Test parameters and conditions
4.1 Copying device setup

Place the copying device on a horizontal surface and set up the copying device according to the

manufacturer's recommendations.

The copying device shall be fully enclosed in its normal exterior cover. The machine and all of its

necessary supplies shall be acclimated in the test environment prior to conducting the test(s) for at least

8 h. All supplies used in the test(s), including copy paper, shall be those specified by the manufacturer.

All image and copying modes shall be at their factory preset configuration for the copying device. It

is assumed that the settings listed in Table 1 are common to all copying devices. These listed settings

shall be set to the manufacturer's default or preset condition for the device. If a device has settings not

listed in Table 1, they too shall be set to default settings. For copying devices that have additional print

quality and digital image processing features, those features shall be set to match their normal default

condition and included in the result reporting.
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ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)

Disabling manufacturer default installed features, routines or applications, is not allowed.

EXAMPLE 1 Examples of routines that may not be disabled include, but are not limited to the following:

— automatic cleaning;
— calibration cycles;
— energy save settings.

If the system has automatic media detect (automatic paper type selection), it can be disabled, and paper

used in the test shall be selected manually. This shall be noted in the full detailed report (see Annex B).

The following preset values in the test will be noted on this report format. Additional optional tests

with non-default settings or configurations may be run.

If the copying device is setup with internal or external options such as memory, sorter, or finisher as

default, then these options shall be noted on the full detailed report format in the configuration options

as shown in Annex B.
EXAMPLE 2 Examples of configurations options to be captured:
— finisher as default;
— 160GB HDD installed.
Table 1 — Preset settings
Preset item Preset value
Output resolution default
Output quality default
Mode Copying mode default
Auto density adjustment default
Collating function default
Paper sending direction default
Paper
Paper type setting default
Paper feeding default paper feeder
Paper-path Paper exit standard exit tray
Face up exit default
Fixing capability default
Image quality stability default
Temporary stop
Capacity of paper default
Others default
4.2 Copying device condition

All supplies used in the test(s), including paper and printing device consumables, shall be only those

specified as acceptable for use by the manufacturer (or otherwise noted). If available the number

of pages printed on the engine and printed on the consumables prior to the start of the test shall be

recorded and reported. The machine and all of its necessary supplies shall be acclimated in the test

environment prior to conducting the test(s) at least 8 h.
4.3 Sample size

Each target shall be tested and measured at least twice for repeatability. All required tests shall be run

using one device.
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ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)
4.4 Paper

The output paper used in this test shall be within the range of, and/or not violate, specific written

attribute guidelines and recommendations provided by the copying device manufacturer, which may

include but are not limited to: size, grammage, composition, paper manufacturer(s), paper type, part

number and other physical characteristics. Care shall be taken to use a paper that conforms to the

copying device manufacturers' paper specifications for the default copying device settings. The paper

used for the performance test 5.4 shall be cut sheet, A4 and/or 8,5" x 11" (215,9 mm x 279,4 mm) size.

The paper used in the test shall be recorded in the full detailed test report.

The same paper size should be used for each machine when wanting to compare the productivity

results of one machine with other machines. If the copying device is used in “thick paper mode” for

copying, then this optional mode should be noted on the full detailed report format in corresponding

column in Annex B.
4.5 Maintenance

Copying device maintenance routines shall be performed throughout testing per the manufacturer's

recommendations on an as needed basis.
EXAMPLE Examples of maintenance routines:
— cleaning routines;
— consumables replacement.
4.6 Preparation of test targets (test charts)
The copying test file is outlined in Annex C.

This test file is from ISO/IEC 24735. The test file consists of four single-sided pages. When using the

test file for the copying productivity test, the test targets shall be created by printing the most recent

electronic test file. If the intended machine does not have a printer function, then record the name of

the printer which is used to print out the actual test targets.

The quality of test targets may affect the productivity measurement. Test targets should be created

according to the following instructions.

a) The test targets shall be printed by the equipment to be tested in its default-printing mode in

simplex mode.

b) The paper used for creating the test targets shall have a brightness of at least 80 % to eliminate the

influence of background.

c) The paper used for creating the test targets shall be 64 g/m or above and sufficiently opaque.

d) The paper used for creating the test targets shall be free of wrinkles or other surface defects.

e) Confirm that there are no defects such as unexpected dots or contamination on the paper.

f) Page scaling shall not be used. Typically, this is done by setting page scaling to “none”. Options such

as “Fit to printable area” shall not be used.

The brightness shall be measured according to ISO 2470-1. The paper grammage shall be measured

according to ISO 536.
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ISO/IEC 29183:2021(E)
4.7 Environment

The test environment, including temperature and humidity, shall be within the ranges recommended

by the manufacturer for operating the device. If no recommendation is available, the following ranges

shall apply:
— temperature: 18 °C to 25 °C,
— relative humidity: 30 % to 70 %.

The temperature and humidity ranges of the test environment shall be recorded in the full detailed report.

4.8 Voltage

The copying device shall be connected to a voltage supply within the manufacturer specified operating

voltage range for the copying device under test. The voltage should be measured under no-load

condition prior to each test suite and recorded in the full detailed report.

NOTE It is possible that devices that utilise a heater have a longer sFCOT time when the line voltage is at the

lower value of the recommended operating range.
5 Test method
5.1 Overview

The test procedures in this document apply to tests using either the scanning glass or ADF. For devices

with both ADF and a scanning glass testing with the scanning glass is mandatory, testing with the ADF

is optional. If the test is performed with the scanning glass and the ADF, then results from both tests

shall be documented in the full test report. It is acceptable to test with only the ADF if it is the only

scanner input path. This may be the case on scroll fed scanners, such as those typically found on fax

machines.

A single copy (1 copy test) of the relevant test target is copied in order to measure first copy out time

from ready (sFCOT ), sleep (sFCOT ), and off (sFCOT ). Multiple, N sets, of each relevant test

ready sleep off

target are copied and measured for the 1 copy + 30 seconds test run to calculate estimated saturated

throughput (sESAT ) and effective throughput (sEFTP ), where N is the number of sets needed to

30sec 30sec

meet sLSOT - sFSOT ≥ 30 s , and sLSOT is the lasst set out time for the 1 copy + 30 seconds

30sec 30sec 3
...

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