Ships and marine technology — Life-saving appliances and arrangements — Means of recovery of persons

This document specifies requirements for the general performance, materials, stowage, marking and testing of recovery devices and systems, including specific appliances. It also specifies requirements for the manufacturer concerning production, type approvals, instructions for use and accompanying documentation. It is intended to assist in the selection of ship-specific recovery devices suitable for the purpose of safely recovering persons from the water or from survival craft.

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Published
Publication Date
06-Aug-2019
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
07-Aug-2019
Completion Date
07-Aug-2019
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ISO 19898:2019 - Ships and marine technology -- Life-saving appliances and arrangements -- Means of recovery of persons
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 19898
First edition
2019-08
Ships and marine technology — Life-
saving appliances and arrangements
— Means of recovery of persons
Reference number
ISO 19898:2019(E)
ISO 2019
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ISO 19898:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

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below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
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Email: copyright@iso.org
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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO 19898:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 General requirements ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5 Requirements for general performance, material, stowage and marking ...............................................3

5.1 Performance requirements .......................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 Material/suitability for the environment ........................................................................................................................ 4

5.3 Stowage, marking ................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

6 Functional requirements for specific PIW recovery devices or systems ...................................................4

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.2 Requirements for reaching out devices in the form of lifelines .................................................................... 5

6.3 Requirements for manually operated recovery systems .................................................................................... 5

6.4 Requirements for light mass recovery lifting booms ............................................................................................. 5

6.5 Requirements for recovery systems combining climbing, securing and lifting/

hoisting possibilities .......................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.6 Requirements for mechanically operated securing and hoisting recovery systems .................. 6

6.7 Requirements for inflatable securing PIW recovery devices. ......................................................................... 6

6.8 Requirements for PIW rescue craft ....................................................................................................................................... 6

7 Requirements for the manufacturer ................................................................................................................................................ 6

7.1 Production and quality control ................................................................................................................................................. 6

7.2 Information for the evaluation for type approval certificates ........................................................................ 7

7.3 Instructions and markings ............................................................................................................................................................ 7

7.4 Documents to accompany each recovery device or system ............................................................................. 8

7.5 Information to be supplied by the manufacturer ...................................................................................................... 8

8 Test requirements ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

8.2 Functional tests ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

8.3 Load tests ..................................................................................................................................................................................................10

8.4 Tensile testing of vertical sections and meshes in climbing devices .....................................................10

8.5 Floating tests..........................................................................................................................................................................................13

8.6 Temperature cycling test .............................................................................................................................................................13

8.7 Drop and impact test ......................................................................................................................................................................13

8.8 Test of materials ..................................................................................................................................................................................14

8.9 Inspection .................................................................................................................................................................................................14

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................15

© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 19898:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 8, Ships and marine technology,

Subcommittee SC 1, Maritime safety.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
iv © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO 19898:2019(E)
Introduction

Regulation 17–1 in Chapter III of the 1974 International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS

1974), as amended, requires ship-specific plans and procedures for recovery of persons from the water,

considering the Guidelines for the development of plans and procedures for recovery of persons from

the water (MSC.1/Circ.1447).

This document has been developed to provide specific performance and test requirements for recovery

devices and systems and to assist stakeholders when preparing the ship-specific plans and procedures

for recovery of persons from the water. This document can also be applied to recovery devices and

systems on ships which do not fall within the scope of chapter III of the SOLAS Convention such as, but

not limited to, those referenced in Resolution MSC.346(91).
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved v
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 19898:2019(E)
Ships and marine technology — Life-saving appliances and
arrangements — Means of recovery of persons
1 Scope

This document specifies requirements for the general performance, materials, stowage, marking and

testing of recovery devices and systems, including specific appliances. It also specifies requirements

for the manufacturer concerning production, type approvals, instructions for use and accompanying

documentation.

It is intended to assist in the selection of ship-specific recovery devices suitable for the purpose of safely

recovering persons from the water or from survival craft.
2 Normative references

The following reference documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their

content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies.

For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.

The 1974 International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS 1974), as amended

IMO Resolution MSC.48(66), International Life Saving Appliances (LSA) Code, as amended

IMO Assembly resolution A.658(16), Use and fitting of retro-reflective materials on life-saving

appliances

IMO resolution MSC.81(70), Revised recommendation on testing of life-saving appliances, as amended

IMO resolution A.520(13), Code of practice for the evaluation, testing and acceptance of prototype novel

life-saving appliances
3 Terms and definitions
For the purpose of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
3.1
person(s) in water
PIW

one or more persons in a state of distress in the water being the object of the recovery operation

3.2
recovery device

device for one phase of person in water (PIW) (3.1) recovery, e.g. reaching out to PIW, securing PIW in,

or lifting/hoisting PIW on board the vessel
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ISO 19898:2019(E)
3.3
recovery system

recovery device (3.2) for more than one phase of person in water (PIW) (3.1) recovery, including at least

the securing in and the lifting/hoisting phases
3.4
reaching out device

recovery device (3.2) designed to reach out to a person in water (PIW) (3.1) from a vessel

EXAMPLE Lifeline, crane boom, boat, etc.
3.5
securing recovery device

recovery device (3.2) designed to secure person in water (PIW) (3.1) in before the lifting/hoisting phase

of PIW recovery
EXAMPLE Net, bag, stretcher, basket, platform, cage, etc.
3.6
lifting
person in water (PIW) (3.1) lifting phase by manually-operated lifting devices
3.7
hoisting

person in water (PIW) (3.1) lifting phase by mechanically-operated lifting devices

3.8
manually operated, adj.
type of operation which is not mechanical
3.9
mechanically operated, adj.

type of operation which is executed with power such as hydraulic or electrical machine power, air

compression or pyrotechnic
3.10
lifting height

distance from the surface of the water to the recovery deck in the vessel’s lightest seagoing condition,

including rail or bulwark height where applicable
3.11
rescue craft

power driven waterborne vehicle helmed by trained rescue persons, dedicated to recover person in

water (PIW) (3.1)
3.12
close range rescue craft
CRRC

small one or two person rescue craft (3.11) for close range operation, typically a personal water craft

with a platform at the stern with freeboard close to water
3.13
recovery cycle time

time it takes to operate one cycle of person in water (PIW) (3.1) recovery, from the fully operational

mode through recovery operation to fully operational mode
3.14
safe working load
SWL

maximum permissible load determined after testing according to the relevant regulations

2 © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO 19898:2019(E)
4 General requirements

4.1 Based on risk assessment, the ship specifics and the number of crew, the vessel shall have plans

and procedures for recovery of person(s) from the water, and be equipped with suitable device(s) to

recover a PIW in a horizontal or deckchair position.

4.2 Information and instruction documents related to the recovery devices and systems shall be

made available by the manufacturer for the crew, the company managers, the representatives of the

Administration or the organizations authorised by the Administration to study and/or inspect.

These documents shall include the following:

1) list of dedicated recovery devices and systems on board, their location and, when applicable,

2) file with information and instruction material for each dedicated PIW recovery device and system

on board.

4.3 Devices or systems for reaching out, securing and lifting/hoisting shall comply with this document.

4.4 The fitting and servicing of recovery devices or systems covered by this document shall be done in

accordance with the manufacturers' instructions by companies or persons properly trained and familiar

with the devices and systems.
5 Requirements for general performance, material, stowage and marking
5.1 Performance requirements

To ensure a safe recovery of persons, the recovery device or system shall meet the following

performance requirements:
1) it shall ensure a safe transfer of person(s) under dynamic conditions;

2) it shall protect the persons against a risk of injury from impact with the vessel’s side or other

structures including the recovery device or system itself;
3) it shall be designed for rescue in a horizontal or deckchair position;

4) it shall ensure that persons in the water can be simply secured, and prevented from dropping or

sliding out of the recovery appliance during the lifting/hoisting phase;

5) it shall provide a minimum buoyancy of 100 N for each person when intended for support of persons

in water;
6) it shall be usable with a crane;

7) it shall be of sufficient strength to enable a safe recovery when fully loaded (safety factor of 6);

8) if it is to be used in conjunction with a shipboard launching appliance or another shipboard

appliance, such launching appliances shall meet the applicable requirements of SOLAS 1974 and the

LSA Code;
9) it shall have a launching time of not more than 5 min; and

10) any storage bag, case or carrying container shall, when applicable, be self-draining and not trap water.

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ISO 19898:2019(E)
5.2 Material/suitability for the environment

To ensure a safe recovery of persons the recovery device or system shall meet the following material

and environment requirements:
1) be manufactured using materials suitable for use in the marine environment;
2) be constructed with proper workmanship and materials for the purpose;

3) be equipped with suitable means for controlling, fixing alongside, bowsing, etc. as required,

including protecting from the vessel's side, propeller and other appendages as necessary;

4) bot be damaged in stowage throughout the air temperature range of −30 °C to +65 °C;

5) if it is likely to be immersed in seawater during its use, operate throughout the seawater

temperature range of −1 °C to +30 °C;

6) be rot-proof, corrosion-resistant and not unduly affected by seawater, oil or fungal attack;

7) be resistant to deterioration, if exposed to sunlight;

8) when fitted with a reaching out line, control lines, lifting lines or distance (attachment) lines, the

lines shall be of buoyant material;

9) be of a highly visible colour on all parts above water-level to assist detection;

10) be fitted with retro-reflective material to assist detection according to IMO (resolution A.658(16),

as it may be amended;

11) when it is to be used in a seaway, be capable of satisfactory operation in that environment;

12) as applicable, be provided with electrical short-circuit protection to prevent damage or injury; and

13) when intended for carriage to the recovery deck, weigh not more than 20 kg per person required to

carry it, including the carrying bag, case or carrying container.
5.3 Stowage, marking

To ensure a safe recovery of persons, the recovery device or system shall meet the following stowage

and marking requirements:

1) be clearly marked with its maximum capacity in the number of persons it is designed for, based on

a mass of 82,5 kg per person;

2) if installed at a fixed location, be installed as far forward of the vessel's screws or thrusters as

practical;
3) be safely stowed and in a state of readiness for immediate use;

4) be clearly marked with certification identity and any operational restrictions; and

5) if it is movable, be stored at conspicuous place and be easily transferrable to its places of likely use.

6 Functional requirements for specific PIW recovery devices or systems
6.1 General

Specific PIW recovery devices or systems shall meet the general requirements of Clauses 4 and 5 in

addition to the requirements for the appropriate category given in this Clause.
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ISO 19898:2019(E)
6.2 Requirements for reaching out devices in the form of lifelines
Reaching out recovery devices (lifelines) shall;
1) be of a diameter of not less than 8 mm;
2) be of non-kinking buoyant line;
3) be with a breaking strength of not less than 5 kN;
4) be equipped with buoyant throw-load and chest loop at the outer end;

5) be of minimum length 30 m plus the lifting height when used manually and minimum 50 m plus

lifting height when used with mechanically operated throwing device; and

6) enable throwing the device with reasonable accuracy at least 20 m distance on flat ground when

manually thrown, and 50 m when thrown with mechanically operated throwing device.

6.3 Requirements for manually operated recovery systems

Manually operated securing and lifting/hoisting systems shall enable lifting only one person at a time

from water, or a floating object, for example with lifting lines, block and tackle or winch.

When equipped with a manually operated reaching out device, the device shall meet the

requirements of 6.2.
6.4 Requirements for light mass recovery lifting booms

A light mass recovery lifting boom reaching 1 m to 2 m abeam of the vessel side midship, with a lifting

hand gear in the form of block and tackle and/or winch, may be allowed for lifting one person at a time

over a maximum of 10 m lifting height above water. It shall have a minimum SWL of 250 kg for lifting.

There shall be no dangerous outstanding obstacles on the vessel side where the recovery lifting boom

is to be used.
The block and tackle or winch shall be e
...

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