Information technology — Keyboard layouts for text and office systems — Part 12: Keyboard group selection

This document specifies mechanisms to choose between the keyboard groups specified in the ISO/IEC 9995 series, national keyboards standards, or other keyboard definitions. These mechanisms primarily become useful when the stipulated marking on the key top can be dynamically displayed on the key top.

Traitement de l'information — Dispositions de claviers pour systèmes bureautiques — Partie 12: Technologies de l'information — Disposition des claviers conçus pour la bureautique — Partie 12 : Sélection des groupes sur clavier

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Status
Published
Publication Date
06-Sep-2020
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
07-Sep-2020
Completion Date
07-Sep-2020
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INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 9995-12
First edition
2020-09
Information technology — Keyboard
layouts for text and office systems —
Part 12:
Keyboard group selection
Traitement de l'information — Dispositions de claviers pour systèmes
bureautiques —
Partie 12: Technologies de l'information — Disposition des claviers
conçus pour la bureautique — Partie 12 : Sélection des groupes sur
clavier
Reference number
ISO/IEC 9995-12:2020(E)
ISO/IEC 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 9995-12:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO/IEC 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 9995-12:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Conformance ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

5 Mechanisms for general selection of keyboard groups ............................................................................................... 2

5.1 Superselect sequence ........................................................................................................................................................................ 2

5.2 Terminating sequence ...................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.3 Selection of standardized groups ............................................................................................................................................ 2

5.4 Menu-driven selection ...................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.5 Market available methods for keyboard group selection ................................................................................... 4

Annex A (informative) Examples of keyboard group selection ................................................................................................. 5

Annex B (informative) Market available methods for keyboard group selection .................................................6

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

© ISO/IEC 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 9995-12:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that

are members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through

technical committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of

technical activity. ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other

international organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also

take part in the work.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for

the different types of document should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject

of patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights. Details of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the

Introduction and/or on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents) or the IEC

list of patent declarations received (see http:// patents .iec .ch).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology,

Subcommittee SC 35, User interfaces.
A list of all parts in the ISO/IEC 9995 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO/IEC 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 9995-12:2020(E)
Introduction

Many keyboard layouts are used over the whole world. This document specifies a way to navigate

between keyboard groups, so a user can use more than one collection of characters, for example, to

write text in more than one language, or input names of persons or places in different scripts.

Many graphic operating environments offer a way to click on an icon to change the keyboard group.

This document offers an alternative way to change keyboard group in a few keyboard strokes, and in a

standardized way, only using characters that are widely available on keyboards across the world.

This document builds on ISO/IEC TR 15440.
© ISO/IEC 2020 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC 9995-12:2020(E)
Information technology — Keyboard layouts for text and
office systems —
Part 12:
Keyboard group selection
1 Scope

This document specifies mechanisms to choose between the keyboard groups specified in the

ISO/IEC 9995 series, national keyboards standards, or other keyboard definitions.

These mechanisms primarily become useful when the stipulated marking on the key top can be

dynamically displayed on the key top.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/IEC 9995-1, Information technology — Keyboard layouts for text and office systems — Part 1: General

principles governing keyboard layouts

ISO/IEC 9995-9:2016, Information technology — Keyboard layouts for text and office systems — Part 9:

Multi-lingual, multiscript keyboard layouts
ISO/IEC 10646, Information technology — Universal Coded Character Set (UCS)

ISO/IEC 15897, Information technology — User interfaces — Procedures for the registration of cultural

elements

ISO/IEC 24757, Information technology — Keyboard interaction model — Machine-readable keyboard

description
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO/IEC 9995-1, ISO/IEC 9995-9

and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
group

logical state of a keyboard providing access to a collection of graphic characters or elements of graphic

characters whose subsets are called levels

Note 1 to entry: A group gives access to one collection of characters. Typically, when more than one language is

used, multiple groups are required.
© ISO/IEC 2020 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 9995-12:2020(E)

Note 2 to entry: Usually these graphic characters or elements of graphic characters logically belong together and

may be arranged on several levels (up to 3) within a group.

Note 3 to entry: The input of certain graphic characters, such as accented letters, may require access to more

than one group.

Note 4 to entry: On physical keyboards, each group is normally labelled using a distinct column on a key, and

levels are stacked vertically within that column, except when stated otherwise in certain situations. On on-

screen keyboards, a group is normally shown one level at a time. There is usually a button to choose the group (or

language) and another button, or more, to choose the level.
3.2
level

logical state of a keyboard providing access to a subset of a collection of graphic characters or elements

of graphic characters which form a group

Note 1 to entry: Usually these graphic characters or elements of graphic characters logically belong together,

such as the capital forms of letters.

Note 2 to entry: In certain cases, the level selected may also affect function keys.

Note 3 to entr
...

DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
ISO/IEC DIS 9995-12
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 35 Secretariat: AFNOR
Voting begins on: Voting terminates on:
2019-10-09 2020-01-01
Information technology — Keyboard layouts for text and
office systems —
Part 12:
Keyboard group selection

Traitement de l'information — Dispositions de claviers pour systèmes bureautiques —

Partie 12: Technologies de l'information — Disposition des claviers conçus pour la bureautique — Partie

12 : Sélection des groupes sur clavier
ICS: 35.180
THIS DOCUMENT IS A DRAFT CIRCULATED
FOR COMMENT AND APPROVAL. IT IS
THEREFORE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AND MAY
NOT BE REFERRED TO AS AN INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD UNTIL PUBLISHED AS SUCH.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL,
This document is circulated as received from the committee secretariat.
TECHNOLOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND
USER PURPOSES, DRAFT INTERNATIONAL
STANDARDS MAY ON OCCASION HAVE TO
BE CONSIDERED IN THE LIGHT OF THEIR
POTENTIAL TO BECOME STANDARDS TO
WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
Reference number
NATIONAL REGULATIONS.
ISO/IEC DIS 9995-12:2019(E)
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED
TO SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS,
NOTIFICATION OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT
RIGHTS OF WHICH THEY ARE AWARE AND TO
PROVIDE SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION. ISO/IEC 2019
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC DIS 9995-12:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC DIS 9995-12:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Conformance ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

5 Mechanisms for general selection of keyboard groups ............................................................................................... 2

5.1 Superselect sequence ........................................................................................................................................................................ 2

5.2 Terminating sequence ...................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.3 Selection of standardised groups ............................................................................................................................................ 2

5.4 Menu-driven selection ...................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.5 Market available methods for keyboard group selection ................................................................................... 3

Annex A (informative) Examples of keyboard group selection ................................................................................................. 4

Annex B (informative) Market available methods for keyboard group selection .................................................5

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/IEC DIS 9995-12:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are

members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical

committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical

activity. ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the

work. In the field of information technology, ISO and IEC have established a joint technical committee,

ISO/IEC JTC 1.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see HYPERLINK "http: //www .iso .org/directives"www

.iso .org/directives).

The main task of the joint technical committee is to prepare International Standards. Draft International

Standards adopted by the joint technical committee are circulated to national bodies for voting.

Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the national bodies

casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see HYPERLINK "http: //www .iso .org/patents"www .iso

.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: HYPERLINK "http: //www .iso .org/iso/foreword .html"www .iso .org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology,

Subcommittee SC 35, User interfaces.
iv © ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/IEC DIS 9995-12:2019(E)
Introduction

Many keyboard layouts are used over the whole world. This part of the ISO/IEC 9995 series of standards

specifies a way to navigate between keyboard groups, so a user can use more than one collection of

characters, for example to write text in more than one language, or input names of persons or places in

different scripts.

Many graphic operating environments offer a way to click on an icon to change the keyboard group.

This document offers an alternative way to change keyboard group in a few keyboard strokes, and in a

standardized way only using characters that are widely available on keyboards in the world.

This document is initiated by the work in ISO/IEC TR 15440:2016 Information technology -- Future

keyboards and other input devices and entry methods.
© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC DIS 9995-12:2019(E)
Information technology — Keyboard layouts for text and
office systems —
Part 12:
Keyboard group selection
1 Scope

This document specifies mechanisms to choose between the keyboard groups specified in other

ISO/IEC 9995 parts, national keyboards standards, or other keyboard definitions.

These mechanisms primarily become useful when the stipulated marking on the key top can be

displayed by technology such as OLED.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/IEC 9995-1:2009, Information technology — Keyboard layouts for text and office systems — Part 1:

General principles governing keyboard layouts

ISO/IEC 9995-9:2016, Information technology — Keyboard layouts for text and office systems — Part 9:

Multi-lingual, multiscript keyboard layouts
ISO/IEC 10646:2017, Information technology — Universal Coded Character Set (UCS)

ISO/IEC 15897:2011, Information technology — User interfaces — Procedures for the registration of

cultural elements

ISO/IEC 24757:2008, Information technology — Keyboard interaction model — Machine-readable

keyboard description
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in lSO/IEC 9995-1, ISO/IEC 9995-9

and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at "http: //www .iso .org/obp”
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
3.1
group

logical state of a keyboard providing access to a collection of graphic characters or elements of graphic

characters whose subsets are called levels.

Note 1 to entry: A group gives access to one collection of characters. Typically, when more than one language is

used, multiple groups are required.
© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/IEC DIS 9995-12:2019(E)

Note 2 to entry: Usually these graphic characters or elements of graphic characters logically belong

...

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