Information technology -- Data protocol for radio frequency identification (RFID) for item management

This document specifies the procedural requirements to maintain specific RFID data constructs. The data constructs are associated with managing open and closed applications that utilise RFID systems which conform to the data protocol defined in other parts of ISO/IEC 15961 and ISO/IEC 15962, and the air interface protocols of ISO/IEC 18000. It also outlines the obligations of the Registration Authority and the application administrators, with respect to: — the allocation of AFIs to particular applications defined by the application administrator; — the allocation of data formats to particular applications defined by the application administrator; — the registration of Root-OIDs, compliant with ISO/IEC 9834-1, to any Unique Item Identifiers used in applications defined by the application administrator; — the registration of Root-OIDs, compliant with ISO/IEC 9834-1, to any other data used in applications defined by the application administrator; — the registration of various table-driven encoding schemes, compliant with ISO/IEC 15962.

Technologies de l'information -- Protocole de données relatif à l'identification par radiofréquence (RFID) pour la gestion d'objets

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
07-Aug-2019
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
29-Dec-2018
Completion Date
08-Aug-2019
Ref Project

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
ISO/IEC 15961-2:2019 - Information technology -- Data protocol for radio frequency identification (RFID) for item management
English language
8 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview

Standards Content (sample)

INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 15961-2
First edition
2019-08
Information technology — Data
protocol for radio frequency
identification (RFID) for item
management —
Part 2:
Registration of RFID data constructs
Technologies de l'information — Protocole de données relatif à
l'identification par radiofréquence (RFID) pour la gestion d'objets —
Partie 2: Enregistrement de constructions de données RFID
Reference number
ISO/IEC 15961-2:2019(E)
ISO/IEC 2019
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 15961-2:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 15961-2:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms ................................................................................................................................ 1

3.1 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 User considerations of RFID data constructs .......................................................................................................................... 3

5 Application administrators ....................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.1 General considerations .................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 Criteria for approval ........................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.3 Criteria for rejection ........................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6 Registration Authority .................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.1 Responsibilities ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.2 Register of RFID data constructs ............................................................................................................................................. 4

Annex A (normative) User considerations of RFID data constructs .................................................................................... 5

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 15961-2:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that

are members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through

technical committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of

technical activity. ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other

international organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also

take part in the work.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for

the different types of document should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject

of patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights. Details of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the

Introduction and/or on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents) or the IEC

list of patent declarations received (see http: //patents .iec .ch).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology,

Subcommittee SC 31, Automatic identification and data capture techniques.

This first edition of ISO/IEC 15961-2, together with ISO/IEC 15961-1, ISO/IEC 15961-3 and

ISO/IEC 15961-4, cancels and replaces ISO/IEC 15961:2004, which has been technically revised.

A list of all parts in the ISO/IEC 15961 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
iv © ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 15961-2:2019(E)
Introduction

The technology of radio frequency identification (RFID) is based on non-contact electronic

communication across an air interface. The structure of the bits stored on the memory of the RFID

tag is invisible and accessible between the RFID tag and the interrogator only by the use of the

appropriate air interface protocol, as specified in the appropriate part of ISO/IEC 18000. The transfer

of data between the application and the interrogator in open systems requires data to be presented in

a consistent manner on any RFID tag that is part of that open system. Application commands from the

application and responses from the interrogator also require being processed in a standard way. This

is not only to allow equipment to be interoperable, but in the special case of the data carrier, for the

data to be encoded on the RFID tag in one system implementation for it to be read at a later time in a

completely different and unknown system implementation. The data bits stored on each RFID tag need

to be formatted in such a way as to be reliably read at the point of use if the RFID tag is to fulfil its basic

objective.

Manufacturers of radio frequency identification equipment (interrogators, RFID tags, etc.) and the

users of RFID technology require a standard-based data protocol for RFID for item management.

ISO/IEC 15961 and ISO/IEC 15962 specify this data protocol, which is independent of any of the air

interface standards defined in ISO/IEC 18000. As such, the data protocol is a consistent component

in the RFID system that may independently evolve to include additional air interface protocols. The

International Standards that comprise the data protocol are:

— ISO/IEC 15961-1, which defines the transfer of data to and from the application, supported by

appropriate application commands and responses;

— this document (ISO/IEC 15961-2), which defines the registration procedure of RFID data constructs

to ensure that the data protocol supports new applications, in a relatively straightforward manner,

as they adopt RFID technology. This can be achieved by the Registration Authority publishing regular

updates of RFID Data Constructs Register that have been assigned, and as a means of incorporating

these updates into the processes of ISO/IEC 15961-1;

— ISO/IEC 15961-3, which defines the RFID data constructs and the rules that govern their use;

— ISO/IEC 15961-4, which defines the transfer of data associated with sensors and batteries to and

from the application, supported by appropriate application commands and responses;

— ISO/IEC 15962, which specifies the overall process and the methodologies developed to format the

application data into a structure to store on the RFID tag.
© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC 15961-2:2019(E)
Information technology — Data protocol for radio
frequency identification (RFID) for item management —
Part 2:
Registration of RFID data constructs
1 Scope

This document specifies the procedural requirements to maintain specific RFID data constructs. The

data constructs are associated with managing open and closed applications that utilise RFID systems

which conform to the data protocol defined in other parts of ISO/IEC 15961 and ISO/IEC 15962, and the

air interface protocols of ISO/IEC 18000.

It also outlines the obligations of the Registration Authority and the application administrators, with

respect to:

— the allocation of AFIs to particular applications defined by the application administrator;

— the allocation of data formats to particular applications defined by the application administrator;

— the registration of Root-OIDs, compliant with ISO/IEC 9834-1, to any Unique Item Identifiers used in

applications defined by the application administrator;

— the registration of Root-OIDs, compliant with ISO/IEC 9834-1, to any other data used in applications

defined by the application administrator;

— the registration of various table-driven encoding schemes, compliant with ISO/IEC 15962.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/IEC 15961-3:2019, Information technology — Radio frequency identification (RFID) for item

management: Data Protocol — Part 3: RFID data constructs

ISO/IEC 15962, Information technology — Radio frequency identification (RFID) for item management —

Data protocol: data encoding rules and logical memory functions
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms

For the purposes of this document, the following terms, definitions and abbreviated terms apply.

3.1 Terms and definitions
3.1.1
application administrator

organization that is responsible for defining and managing a particular application standard using

RFID technology
© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 15961-2:2019(E)
3.1.2
Application Family Identifier

mechanism used in the data protocol and the air interface protocol to select a class of RFID tags relevant

to an application, or aspect of an application, and to ignore further communications with other classes

of RFID tags with different identifiers
3.1.3
arc
specific branch of a hierarchical Object Identifier tree

Note 1 to entry: The top three arcs of Object Identifiers relevant to RFID, compliant with ISO/IEC 9834-1, are

defined in ISO/IEC 15961-3.
3.1.4
data format

mechanism used in the data protocol to identify how Object Identifiers are encoded on the RFID tag,

and (where possible) identify a particular data dictionary for the set of relevant Object Identifiers for a

specific application
3.1.5
Object

well-defined piece of information, definition or specification which requires a name in order to identify

its use in an instance of communication
3.1.6
Object Identifier

value (distinguishable from all other such values) which is associated with an Object

3.1.7
Relative-OID

Object Identifier comprising the remaining arc or arcs positioned after a common Root-OID (for the

first and subsequent arcs)

Note 1 to entry: The common Root-OID is often implied by other data constructs and not encoded in the RFID tag.

3.1.8
Root-OID

particular Object Identifier that constitutes the first, second and subsequent common arcs of a set of

Object Identifiers (hence the common root)

Note 1 to entry: The Root-OID followed immediately by the Relative-OID equates to the complete Object Identifier.

3.1.9
Unique Item Identifier

mechanism that uniquely identifies a specific entity (e.g. a product, transport unit, returnable asset)

during its life within a particular domain and scope of a code system

Note 1 to entry: When used with this data protocol, the particular Object Identifier that defines the Unique Item

Identifier shall rely on the fact that each instance of its Object shall be unique and unambiguous with all other

related Objects.
3.2 Abbreviated terms
AFI Application Family Identifier
OID Object identifier
RA Registration Authority
UII Unique Item Identifier
2 © ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 15961-2:2019(E)
4 User considerations of RFID data constructs

Data constructs shall be applied in accordance with Annex A to ensure that application standards are

correctly structured. Furthermore, an understanding of the functions of the data construct rules is

essential for application administrators to apply for the relevant registration as defined in Clause 5.

5 Application administrators
5.1 General considerations
The procedure for the requests for RFID data constructs shall be as follows.

a) Applications for RFID data constructs shall contain all of the elements necessary to fulfil the

requirements specified in ISO/IEC 15961-3 for Application Family Identifiers, data formats, Unique

Item Identifiers and other data objects (if relevant to the application).

b) Application forms shall be made available on request from the Registration Authority.

c) A separate application form should be submitted to the Registration Authority for every RFID data

construct set requested.

d) Only applications that have been duly completed shall be acceptable for registration by the

Registration Authority.
e) All applications shall be reviewed by the Registration
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.