Agricultural irrigation equipment -- Thermoplastic collapsible hoses for irrigation -- Specifications and test methods

This document specifies requirements and test methods for reinforced and non-reinforced thermoplastic collapsible hoses, intended to be used as main and sub-main supply lines for the conveyance and distribution of water for irrigation, at water temperatures up to 50 °C. PVC layflat hoses are excluded from this document. It is applicable to irrigation hoses with nominal diameters between 40 mm and 500 mm and working pressures between 0,3 bar (30 kPa) and 6 bar (600 kPa). This document is applicable to two types of hose configurations, with or without outlet connections (see Clause 4).

Matériel agricole d'irrigation -- Tuyaux écrasables en matières thermoplastiques pour l'irrigation -- Spécifications et méthodes d'essai

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
25-Aug-2021
Current Stage
5060 - Close of voting Proof returned by Secretariat
Start Date
29-Jul-2021
Completion Date
28-Jul-2021
Ref Project

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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 16438
Second edition
2021-08
Agricultural irrigation equipment —
Thermoplastic collapsible hoses for
irrigation — Specifications and test
methods
Matériel agricole d'irrigation — Tuyaux écrasables en matières
thermoplastiques pour l'irrigation — Spécifications et méthodes
d'essai
Reference number
ISO 16438:2021(E)
ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 16438:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 16438:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Classification ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

5 Material .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6 Marking .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

7 Dimensions ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

7.1 Inside diameter ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

7.2 Length ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

7.3 Spacing of outlet connections .................................................................................................................................................... 3

8 Fittings ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

9 Hydrostatic and hydraulic characteristics ................................................................................................................................. 3

9.1 Proof pressure test .............................................................................................................................................................................. 3

9.2 Deformation under pressure and after relaxation ................................................................................................... 4

9.3 Warping ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

9.4 Head loss ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

10 Physical characteristics ................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

10.1 Opacity ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

10.2 UV resistance ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 16438:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 23, Tractors and machinery for agriculture

and forestry, Subcommittee SC 18, Irrigation and drainage equipment and systems.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 16438:2012), which has been technically

revised.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:
— PVC layflat hoses are excluded from this document;
— some definitions have been updated;
— some changes in pressure tests parameters and procedure have been applied;
— marking the word "irrigation" became optional.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 16438:2021(E)
Introduction

Thermoplastic collapsible hoses have been introduced to agricultural irrigation projects in recent

years, as headers supplying drip tape systems or as replacement for gated pipes.

Thermoplastic collapsible hoses for irrigation are a special type of hoses. They have a unique

combination of attributes and requirements which must be well specified and controlled, but are not

covered by any other International Standard:

— equal and accurate spacing of multiple water outlet connections along their length;

— low elongation and amount of twist while under pressure;
— resistance to most fertilizers and other chemicals employed in irrigation;
— protection against degradation by UV radiation;
— impermeability of wall to incident light;
— information of pressure loss data.
This document is intended to cove
...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/FDIS
DRAFT
STANDARD 16438
ISO/TC 23/SC 18
Agricultural irrigation equipment —
Secretariat: SII
Thermoplastic collapsible hoses for
Voting begins on:
2021­06­02 irrigation — Specifications and test
methods
Voting terminates on:
2021­07­28
Matériel agricole d'irrigation — Tuyaux écrasables en matières
thermoplastiques pour l'irrigation — Spécifications et méthodes
d'essai
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO­
ISO/FDIS 16438:2021(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN­
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 16438:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH­1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 16438:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Classification ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

5 Material .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6 Marking .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

7 Dimensions ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

7.1 Inside diameter ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

7.2 Length ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

7.3 Spacing of outlet connections .................................................................................................................................................... 3

8 Fittings ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

9 Hydrostatic and hydraulic characteristics ................................................................................................................................. 3

9.1 Proof pressure test .............................................................................................................................................................................. 3

9.2 Deformation under pressure and after relaxation ................................................................................................... 4

9.3 Warping ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

9.4 Head loss ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

10 Physical characteristics ................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

10.1 Opacity ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

10.2 UV resistance ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 16438:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non­governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 23, Tractors and machinery for agriculture

and forestry, Subcommittee SC 18, Irrigation and drainage equipment and systems.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 16438:2012), which has been technically

revised.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:
— the PVC layflat hoses are excluded from this document;
— some definitions have been updated;
— some changes in pressure tests parameters and procedure have been applied;
— marking the word "irrigation" became optional.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 16438:2021(E)
Introduction

Thermoplastic collapsible hoses have been introduced to agricultural irrigation projects in recent

years, as headers supplying drip tape systems or as replacement for gated pipes.

Thermoplastic collapsible hoses for irrigation are a special type of hoses. They have a unique

combination of attributes and requirements which must be well specified and controlled, but are not

covered by any other International Standard:

— equal and accurate spacing of multiple water outlet connections along their length;

— low elongation and amo
...

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