Visual assessment of furniture surfaces

To develop a standard or technical report describing a method to assess the surface damage after carrying out tests intended for furniture surfaces. This visual assessment will be used to evaluate the results from these tests and will be introduced in the appropriate standards by a reference to the new technical report or standard.

Visuelle Bewertung von Möbeloberflächen

Dieses Dokument legt visuelle Bewertungsverfahren für das Erscheinungsbild von Möbeloberflächen im Hinblick auf Oberflächendefekte sowie Farb  und Glanzabweichungen fest.
Es ist nicht auf konstruktive Merkmale oder geometrische Abmessungen, z. B. Parallelität von Kanten, anwendbar.
Diese Norm ist auf alle Möbeloberflächen mit Ausnahme von textilen Oberflächen und Lederoberflächen anwendbar.
Sie gilt für Wareneingangs  und Warenausgangsprüfungen sowie lokale Bewertungen.

Evaluation visuelle de la surface des meubles

Le présent document définit des modes opératoires d’évaluation visuelle de l’aspect des surfaces de meubles au regard des défauts de surface, des variations de couleur et des variations de brillance.
Elle ne s’applique pas aux caractéristiques de construction ou aux dimensions géométriques, comme le parallélisme des chants.
La présente Norme s’applique à toutes les surfaces des meubles à l’exception des surfaces textiles ou en cuir.
Elle s’applique aux inspections de réception et d’expédition de marchandises, ainsi qu’aux évaluations locales.

Vizualno ocenjevanje površine pohištva

Cilj je oblikovati standard ali tehnično poročilo, ki opisuje metodo za ocenjevanje poškodb površin po izvedbi preskusov, predvidenih za površine pohištva. Vizualno ocenjevanje se bo uporabljajo za vrednotenje rezultatov teh preskusov in bo predstavljeno v ustreznih standardih s sklicem na novo tehnično poročilo ali standard.

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SIST EN 17214:2019
Vizualno ocenjevanje površine pohištva
Visual assessment of furniture surfaces
Visuelle Bewertung von Möbeloberflächen
Evaluation visuelle de la surface des meubles
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 17214:2019
97.140 Pohištvo Furniture
SIST EN 17214:2019 en,fr,de
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 17214:2019

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SIST EN 17214:2019

EN 17214


July 2019
ICS 97.140
English Version

Visual assessment of furniture surfaces
Evaluation visuelle de la surface des meubles Visuelle Bewertung von Möbeloberflächen
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 26 May 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this
European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references
concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by
translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management
Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,
Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and
United Kingdom.



CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels
© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 17214:2019 E
worldwide for CEN national Members.

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SIST EN 17214:2019
EN 17214:2019 (E)
Contents Page
European foreword . 3
1 Scope . 4
2 Normative references . 4
3 Terms and definitions . 4
4 Assessment equipment . 5
4.1 Cleaning solution . 5
4.2 Lighting . 5
4.3 Holder for furniture components . 5
4.4 Assessment template . 6
4.5 Light box . 7
4.6 Test pattern . 7
4.7 Rating code scale . 8
5 Testing and assessment . 9
5.1 General. 9
5.2 Procedure A for visual assessment of furniture components at the incoming and
outgoing inspection in the factory . 9
5.3 Procedure B for visual assessment of furniture components with high-gloss finishes
at incoming and outgoing inspections in the factory . 10
5.4 Procedure C for on-site visual assessment of installed furniture components . 11
5.4.1 Assessment for flaws . 11
5.4.2 Assessment for colour, gloss and structural discrepancies and deviations in
decorative prints . 12
6 Test report . 12
Annex A (informative) Selection of flaws . 14
Annex B (normative) Figures for assessment by inspection procedure B (Grade 5 to 1) . 15
Bibliography . 23


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SIST EN 17214:2019
EN 17214:2019 (E)
European foreword
This document (EN 17214:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 207 “Furniture”,
the secretariat of which is held by UNI.
This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an
identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2020, and conflicting national standards shall
be withdrawn at the latest by January 2020.
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of
patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.
According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the
following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,
Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,
Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of
Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United

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EN 17214:2019 (E)
1 Scope
This document defines visual assessment procedures for the appearance of furniture surfaces with
regard to surface defects and colour and gloss variations.
It is not applicable to constructive features or geometric dimensions, e.g. parallelism of edges.
This standard is applicable to all furniture surfaces except textile and leather surfaces.
It applies to the incoming and outgoing goods inspections, as well as local assessments.
2 Normative references
The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content
constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For
undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
EN ISO 3668:2001, Paints and varnishes — Visual comparison of the colour of paints (ISO 3668:1998)
ISO 1065:1991, Non-ionic surface-active agents obtained from ethylene oxide and mixed non-ionic
surface-active agents — Determination of cloud point
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:
• IEC Electropedia: available at
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at
normal position
position of the furniture item when used as intended
visual assessment
assessment of the furniture surface under specified conditions
overall impression
regularity in the arrangement of individual items of furniture that belong together and of their parts in
relation to one another, or of individual parts of an item of furniture, from a distance according to the
size of the furniture component
detailed impression
regularity of a surface of furniture items from a short distance (from 0,25 m to 1 m) according to the
intended use of the furniture

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any kind of visible damage on furniture surfaces that stands out from its surroundings and impairs the
overall impression
Note 1 to entry: The flaw catches the attention of the viewer, thereby leading to its perception as disruptive.
EXAMPLE Scratches, occlusions.
furniture component
element subjected to visual inspection
assessed surface
part of the furniture component to be assessed
repeating, area-filling surface design element
EXAMPLE Wood decor, surface embossing.
technician who carries out the assessment fulfilling the requirement specified in EN ISO 3668:2001
4 Assessment equipment
4.1 Cleaning solution
15 ml/l of the cleaner in water with the following cleaner composition:
a) 12,5 % (m/m) of a primary or polymeric sodium (C10 to C14) alkylaryl sulphonate
[CAS 25155-30-0];
b) 12,5 % (m/m) of a polyethoxylated primary or secondary (C8 to C16) alcohol derivative with 5 to
15 ethoxyl groups with a cloud point of 25 °C to 75 °C in 1 % (m/m) aqueous solution (the
determination of the cloud point is specified in ISO 1065:1991) [CAS 9005-67-];
c) 5,0 % (m/m) of ethanol (96 % aqueous solution);
d) 70 % (m/m) de-ionized or distilled water.
Instead of this described cleaning solution, a commercial cleaning solution recommended by the
manufacturer can be used. In this case, it shall be mentioned in the test report.
4.2 Lighting
Artificial light source with a colour temperature of (6 500 ± 200) K (CIE standard illuminants D65 light).
4.3 Holder for furniture components
Device for placing the object to be inspected at an angle of 30° ± 3° and in a manner ensuring that the
assessed surface is exposed to a light intensity of 1,000 lx to 2,000 lx (Figure 1), measured in the centre
of the holder in horizontal position.

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EN 17214:2019 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres

Figure 1 — Visual assessment principle for furniture components
4.4 Assessment template
Tool with defined areas [mm ], e.g. a transparent film with printed areas.

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EN 17214:2019 (E)
NOTE A suitable template is the “Size estimation chart”, product code 0109DIRTT, available from TAPPI,
15 Technology Parkway South, Suite 115, Peachtree Corners, Atlanta, GA 300922910, USA, tel. +1 770 446 1400,
fax +1 770 446 6947.
4.5 Light box
The light box provides a “daylight” by bulb or tube or LED (see Figure 2).
The light shall be even enough to ensure the absence of under illuminated zones.
The light behind the test pattern shall be without a black area within the light source.
The lightbox can be a negatoscope or other equipment with a diffuse and homogeneous light. The light
box with the test pattern shall send an image with a clear contrast on the mirror. The distinction of
image shall be without distorsion or dullness on a plane mirror.
NOTE Suitable devices are e.g. NBX1 negatoscope by ELLA LEGROS or Glossinspector by MHanser.

Figure 2 — Light box
4.6 Test pattern
The test pattern (see Figure 3) has empty squares (10,0 ± 0,2) mm side, separated by metal bars of
(2,0 ± 0,1) mm.
The overall dimension shall be at least of 15 columns and 20 lines of squares.
The test pattern shall stay plane on the light box or printed on the lightbox screen.

These are examples of suitable products available commercially. This information is given for the
convenience of users of this document and does not constitute an endorsement by CEN of this product.

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EN 17214:2019 (E)

Figure 3 — Test pattern
4.7 Rating code scale
The classification is based

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