Product Category Rules for ceramic sanitary appliances

This European Standard specifies sustainability requirements together with assessment methods and evaluation schemes for ceramic sanitary appliances, i.e. WC pans and WC suites in accordance with EN 997, urinals in accordance with EN 13407, wash basins in accordance with EN 14688, communal washing troughs in accordance with EN 14296 and bidets in accordance with EN 14528.
NOTE   This European Standard may be applicable to other ceramic sanitary appliances.

Produktkategorieregeln für keramische Sanitärausstattungsgegenstände

Dieses Dokument stellt die Produktkategorieregel (PCR, en: Product Category Rule) für keramische Sanitär-ausstattungsgegenstände nach EN 15804:2012+ A1:2013 (im Folgenden EN 15804 genannt) bereit.
Das Dokument gilt für keramische Sanitärausstattungsgegenstände aus Halbporzellan und Feinfeuerton-werkstoffen. Keramische Sanitärausstattungsgegenstände umfassen z. B. WC-Becken und WC-Anlagen nach EN 997, Urinale nach EN 13407, Waschbecken nach EN 14688, Reihenwaschanlagen nach EN 14296 und Sitzwaschbecken nach EN 14528.
ANMERKUNG   Dieses Dokument kann auf andere keramische Sanitärausstattungsgegenstände anwendbar sein.

Appareils sanitaires en céramique - Évaluation du développement durable

Le présent document fournit la Règle de catégorie de produits (PCR) pour Appareils sanitaires en céramique selon EN 15804:2012+ A1:2013 (le présent document sera nommé ci-dessous EN 15804).
Le document s’applique aux Appareils sanitaires en céramique fabriqués à partir de porcelaine vitrifiée (VC) et de grès fin (FFC). Les Appareils sanitaires en céramique sont par exemple des cuvettes de WC et des cuvettes à réservoir conformément à l’EN 997, des urinoirs muraux conformément à l’EN 13407, des lavabos conformément à l’EN 14688, des lavabos collectifs conformément à l’EN 14296 et des bidets conformément à l’EN 14528.
NOTE   Le présent document peut être applicable à d’autres appareils sanitaires en céramique.

Pravila za kategorije proizvodov za keramično sanitarno opremo

General Information

Status
Not Published
Public Enquiry End Date
04-Dec-2019
Current Stage
4020 - Public enquire (PE) (Adopted Project)
Start Date
21-Aug-2019
Due Date
08-Jan-2020
Completion Date
20-Dec-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 16578:2019
01-december-2019
Pravila za kategorije proizvodov za keramično sanitarno opremo
Product Category Rules for ceramic sanitary appliances
Produktkategorieregeln für keramische Sanitärausstattungsgegenstände
Appareils sanitaires en céramique - Évaluation du développement durable
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 16578
ICS:
91.140.70 Sanitarne naprave Sanitary installations
oSIST prEN 16578:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 16578:2019
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oSIST prEN 16578:2019
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 16578
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
August 2019
ICS 91.140.70 Will supersede EN 16578:2016
English Version
Product Category Rules for ceramic sanitary appliances

Appareils sanitaires en céramique - Évaluation du Keramische Sanitärausstattungsgegenstände -

développement durable Beurteilung der Nachhaltigkeit

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 163.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 16578:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Calculation Rules for the LCA and Requirements on the Project report (PCR Part A) ........ 11

4.1 Content, structure and accessibility of the project report ............................................................ 11

4.2 General information in the project report .......................................................................................... 11

4.3 Goal of the study ........................................................................................................................................... 11

4.4 Scope of the study ........................................................................................................................................ 11

4.4.1 Declared/Functional unit .......................................................................................................................... 11

4.4.2 Declaration of construction product classes ...................................................................................... 12

4.4.3 Product description ..................................................................................................................................... 13

4.4.4 Area of application of the construction product ............................................................................... 13

4.4.5 System boundaries ...................................................................................................................................... 13

4.4.6 Criteria for the exclusion of inputs and outputs ............................................................................... 23

5 Life Cycle Inventory Analysis ................................................................................................................... 23

5.1 Collecting data and calculation procedures ....................................................................................... 23

5.2 Developing product level scenarios ...................................................................................................... 23

5.3 Selecting data/background data ............................................................................................................ 24

5.4 Data/Background data quality requirements ................................................................................... 25

5.5 Allocations ...................................................................................................................................................... 26

5.5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 26

5.5.2 Co-product allocation ................................................................................................................................. 26

5.5.3 Allocation of multi-input processes ...................................................................................................... 27

5.5.4 Allocation procedure for reuse, recycling and recovery ............................................................... 27

5.5.5 Description of the allocation processes in the project report ..................................................... 28

5.6 Description of the unit processes in the project report ................................................................. 29

6 Life Cycle Inventory Analysis and Impact Assessment ................................................................... 29

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 29

6.2 Indicators for the Life Cycle Inventory Analysis ............................................................................... 29

6.3 Indicators for Impact Assessment .......................................................................................................... 32

7 Life cycle interpretation ............................................................................................................................ 33

8 Documentation of additional information .......................................................................................... 33

8.1 Laboratory results and scenario-related information ................................................................... 33

8.2 Documentation for calculating the Reference Service Life (RSL) ............................................... 34

9 Requirements on the EPD for Sanitary ceramics (PCR Part B) .................................................... 34

9.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 34

9.2 Product-group-specific LCA calculation rules ................................................................................... 35

9.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 35

9.2.2 Explanation on the LCA calculation of ceramic sanitary appl. for modules A1 and A3 ...... 35

9.2.3 Product specific LCA calculation rules for Modules A4 to D ......................................................... 35

10 Chapter “1. General Information”........................................................................................................... 42

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11 Chapter “2. Product” .................................................................................................................................... 42

11.1 Product description ..................................................................................................................................... 42

11.2 Application ...................................................................................................................................................... 43

11.3 Technical Data ............................................................................................................................................... 43

11.4 Placing on the market/Application rules............................................................................................. 43

11.5 Delivery status ............................................................................................................................................... 45

11.6 Base materials/Ancillary materials ....................................................................................................... 45

11.7 Manufacture.................................................................................................................................................... 46

11.8 Environment and health during manufacturing ............................................................................... 48

11.9 Product processing/Installation ............................................................................................................. 48

11.10 Packaging ......................................................................................................................................................... 48

11.11 Condition of use ............................................................................................................................................. 48

11.12 Environment and health during use ...................................................................................................... 49

11.13 Reference service life .................................................................................................................................. 49

11.14 Extraordinary effects................................................................................................................................... 49

11.15 Re-use phase ................................................................................................................................................... 50

11.16 Disposal ............................................................................................................................................................ 50

11.17 Further information .................................................................................................................................... 50

12 Chapter “3. LCA: Calculation rules” ........................................................................................................ 50

12.1 Declared Unit .................................................................................................................................................. 50

12.2 System boundary .......................................................................................................................................... 50

12.3 Estimates and assumptions ...................................................................................................................... 53

12.4 Cut-off criteria ................................................................................................................................................ 53

12.5 Background data ........................................................................................................................................... 53

12.6 Data quality ..................................................................................................................................................... 53

12.7 Period under review .................................................................................................................................... 54

12.8 Allocation ......................................................................................................................................................... 54

12.9 Comparability ................................................................................................................................................ 54

13 Chapter “4. LCA: Scenarios and additional technical information” ............................................ 54

14 Chapter “5. Results of the LCA” ................................................................................................................ 59

15 Chapter “6. LCA Interpretation” .............................................................................................................. 68

16 Chapter “7. Requisite evidence” .............................................................................................................. 71

17 Chapter “8. References” .............................................................................................................................. 72

18 Chapter “9. Product Rating” ...................................................................................................................... 73

18.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 73

18.2 Principle of Rating ........................................................................................................................................ 73

18.3 Rating of WCs and WC Suites .................................................................................................................... 74

18.4 RATING OF URINALS .................................................................................................................................... 75

18.5 RATING OF FURTHER CERAMIC SANITARY APPLIANCES ............................................................... 75

19 Ranking system ............................................................................................................................................. 76

19.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 76

19.2 Marking and product designation .......................................................................................................... 77

19.3 Assessment of the rating /sustainability class ................................................................................... 77

19.3.1 Assessment of pillar A — production and construction related environmental values ..... 77

19.3.2 Assessment of pillar B — use phase related parameters ............................................................... 80

19.3.3 Assessment of product rating ................................................................................................................... 81

Annex A (informative) Principle Example ........................................................................................................ 82

A.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 82

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A.2 Global warming potential (GWP) ........................................................................................................... 82

A.3 Depletion potential of the stratospheric ozone layer (ODP) ........................................................ 82

A.4 Acidification potential of land and water (AP) .................................................................................. 83

A.5 Eutrophication potential (EP) ................................................................................................................. 83

A.6 Formation potential of tropospheric ozone photochemical oxidants (POCP) ....................... 84

A.7 Abiotic depletion potential for non-fossil resources (ADPE) ....................................................... 85

A.8 Abiotic depletion potential for fossil resources (ADPF) ................................................................ 87

A.9 Use of renewable primary energy (PERE) ........................................................................................... 87

A.10 Use of renewable primary energy resources used as raw materials (PERM) ........................ 88

A.11 Total use of renewable primary energy resources (PERT)........................................................... 88

A.12 Use of non-renewable primary energy (PENRE)............................................................................... 88

A.13 Use of non-renewable primary energy resources used as raw materials (PENRM) ............ 88

A.14 Total use of non-renewable primary energy resources (PENRT) .............................................. 88

A.15 Use of secondary material (SM) .............................................................................................................. 88

A.16 Use of renewable secondary fuels (RSF) .............................................................................................. 88

A.17 Use of non-renewable secondary fuels (NRSF) .................................................................................. 89

A.18 Use of net fresh water (FW) ...................................................................................................................... 89

A.19 Hazardous waste disposed (HWD) ........................................................................................................ 89

A.20 Non-hazardous waste disposed (NHWD) ............................................................................................ 89

A.21 Radioactive waste disposed (RWD) ....................................................................................................... 90

A.22 Components for re-use (CRU) .................................................................................................................. 90

A.23 Materials for recycling (MFR) .................................................................................................................. 90

A.24 Materials for energy recovery (MER) ................................................................................................... 91

A.25 Exported electrical energy (EEE) ............................................................................................................ 91

A.26 Exported thermal energy (ETE) .............................................................................................................. 91

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European foreword

This document (prEN 16578:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 163 “Sanitary

appliances”, the secretariat of which is held by UNI.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
This document will supersede EN 16578:2016.

The previous version was revised completely to reach the goal of a product category rule.

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Introduction

This document supports the (harmonized) European Standards on ceramic sanitary appliances

elaborated by CEN/TC 163 on assessing the sustainability for these products.

This document provides a Product Category Rule (PCR) for sustainability assessment of ceramic

sanitary appliances according to EN 15804 using a life cycle approach and a sustainability ranking

system for ceramic sanitary appliances.

This document cites the standard EN 15804:2012+A1:2013 in many sections. This document will be

named below as EN 15804. Certain clauses of the standard texts have been omitted for reasons of

readability, however, not with the intention to compromise the conformity of this document with

EN 15804. Those clauses are marked as [...].

The ranking system includes sustainability classes to express the performance of ceramic sanitary

appliances. The link between these classes and the assessment of the products form a framework of

evaluation schemes.

Evaluation schemes enable the comparison of different ceramic sanitary appliances.

Clauses 4 to 8 specify the calculation rules in accordance with EN 15804 for the Life Cycle Assessment

(LCA) of Environmental Products Declarations (EPD) according to prEN 16578 for Ceramic Sanitary

Appliances as well as the requirements on the project report to the Life Cycle Assessment.

Clauses 9 to 18 specify the product specific calculation rules for a declared functional unit for a single

product or a product group of Ceramic Sanitary Appliances.

Clause 19 specifies a system with sustainability classes to express the performance of ceramic sanitary

appliance(s).
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1 Scope

This document provides the Product Category Rule (PCR) for Ceramic Sanitary Appliances in

accordance with EN 15804:2012+ A1:2013 (this document will be named below as EN 15804).

The document applies for Ceramic Sanitary Appliances made out of Vitreous China (VC) and Fine Fire

Clay (FFC). Ceramic Sanitary Appliances are e.g. WC pans and WC suites in accordance with EN 997,

urinals in accordance with EN 13407, wash basins in accordance with EN 14688, communal washing

troughs in accordance with EN 14296 and bidets in accordance with EN 14528.
NOTE This document can be applicable to other ceramic sanitary appliances.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 997:2018, WC pans and WC suites with integral trap
EN 13407, Wall-hung urinals — Functional requirements and test methods
EN 14528, Bidets — Functional requirements and test methods

EN 14688, Sanitary appliances — Wash basins — Functional requirements and test methods

EN 15804:2012+ A1:2013, Sustainability of construction works — Environmental product declarations —

Core rules for the product category of construction products

EN ISO 14025, Environmental labels and declarations — Type III environmental declarations — Principles

and procedures

EN ISO 14044, Environmental Management — Life cycle assessment — Requirements and guidelines

(ISO 14044)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
3.1
abiotic depletion potential for fossil resources
measures the gradual depletion of non-renewable fossil resources
Note 1 to entry: An example is raw oil.
3.2
abiotic depletion potential for non-fossil resources
measures the gradual depletion of non-renewable non-fossil resources
Note 1 to entry: An example is clay.
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3.3
acidification potential of land and water

sums contributions of sulphuric acid and nitric acid to acid rain, acid snow and acid deposition

Note 1 to entry: It includes sulphur oxides (SO , SO ) and nitrogen oxides (N O, NO and NO ).

2 3 2 2
3.4
auxiliary
production tool, e.g. casting moulds, sponges and supports
3.5
ceramics

inorganic non-metallic material which is typically moulded from raw materials at room temperature

and gains its characteristic physical properties during a firing process (after the moulding)

Note 1 to entry: The term “ceramic materials for sanitary appliances” covers both vitreous china and fine fire

clay materials.
3.6
construction product
item manufactured or processed for incorporation in construction works
[SOURCE: EN 15804:2012+ A1:2013]
3.7
consumption
use of materials or energy within a defined time frame
3.8
cost in use
expenses incurred while using the product
3.9
declared unit
quantity of a construction product for use as a reference unit
Note 1 to entry: Usual units for mass is t, for quantity is piece.
3.10
depletion potential of the stratospheric ozone layer

measures depletion of stratospheric ozone needed for protection against UV radiation

Note 1 to entry: This includes chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).
3.11
energy management

system to monitor, control and evaluate the type of power supply as well as the energy consumption of

a product
3.12
eutrophication potential

measures dissolved oxygen depletion by undesirable forms of biomass, such as algae

Note 1 to entry: This includes various forms of nitrogen and phosphorus.
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3.13
formation potential of tropospheric ozone photochemical oxidants
puts all smog-producing chemicals on the same equivalent
3.14
glazed ceramic

ceramic body with a surface layer of silicon oxide compound applied before the firing process and

chemically bonded during firing

Note 1 to entry: The glaze deemed to be a part of the ceramics and not a separate coating.

3.15
global warming potential
puts all greenhouse gases on the same denominator
Note 1 to entry: Greenhouse gases include CO , CH , N O and CFCs.
2 4 2
3.16
gypsum
dehydrate natural gypsum as used for plaster moulds
3.17
hazardous substance

solid, liquid or gas that can harm people, other living organisms, property or the environment

3.18
life cycle

consecutive and interlinked stages of a construction products life, from raw material acquisition or

generation from natural resources to final disposal
3.19
maintenance

all actions to maintain or repair in order a product to continue its declared function

3.20
production
industrial process consisting of different steps in the manufacture of goods
3.21
production system

collection of unit processes with elementary and product flows, performing one or more defined

functions, and which determines the life cycle of a product
3.22
raw material

single material or a mixture of different materials (e.g. feedstock, ceramic body) as being the basic

material of which a product is manufactured
3.23
recycling

use of material as secondary material outside the boundary of the production system

Note 1 to entry: Examples are recycled gypsum of plaster moulds.
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3.24
renewable energy
energy from renewable non-fossil sources

Note 1 to entry: Non-fossil sources are, for example, wind, solar, aerothermal, geothermal, hydrothermal and

ocean energy, hydropower, biomass, landfill gas, sewage treatment plant gas, electricity generation through

exhaust gas heat etc.
3.25
safety in use

characteristic of the level of risks associated with the installation and use of the product

3.26
secondary fuel
fuel recovered from previous use or from waste which substitutes primary fuels
3.27
secondary material

material recovered from previous use or from waste which substitutes primary materials

Note 1 to entry: Secondary material is measured at the point where the secondary material enters the

production system from another production system.

Note 2 to entry: Materials recovered from previous use or from waste from one production system and used as

an input in another production system are secondary materials e.g. use of milled scrap technical ceramics as raw

material for ceramics sanitary appliances.

Note 3 to entry: Examples for secondary materials (to be measured at the boundary of the production system)

are recycled sanitary appliances, tiles or technical ceramics.
3.28
transport
movement of goods (e.g. products, raw materials) from one location to another
3.29
total production
means the production of saleable
...

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