European digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2); General requirements on interworking between the Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) and the Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) or Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) (GSM 09.07)

....

Evropski digitalni celični telekomunikacijski sistem (faza 2) – Splošne zahteve za medsebojno delovanje med javnim kopenskim mobilnim omrežjem (PLMN) in digitalnim omrežjem z integriranimi storitvami (ISDN) ali javnim komutiranim telefonskim omrežjem (PSTN) (GSM 09.07)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
30-Nov-2003
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
01-Dec-2003
Due Date
01-Dec-2003
Completion Date
01-Dec-2003

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST ETS 300 604 E1:2003
01-december-2003

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European digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2); General requirements

on interworking between the Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) and the Integrated
Services Digital Network (ISDN) or Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) (GSM
09.07)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ETS 300 604 Edition 1
ICS:
33.040.35 Telefonska omrežja Telephone networks
33.070.50 Globalni sistem za mobilno Global System for Mobile
telekomunikacijo (GSM) Communication (GSM)
33.080 Digitalno omrežje z Integrated Services Digital
integriranimi storitvami Network (ISDN)
(ISDN)
SIST ETS 300 604 E1:2003 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST ETS 300 604 E1:2003
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SIST ETS 300 604 E1:2003
EUROPEAN ETS 300 604
TELECOMMUNICATION October 1994
STANDARD
Source: ETSI TC-SMG Reference: DE/SMG-040907P
ICS: 33.060.30

European digital cellular telecommunications system, Global System for Mobile communications

Key words:
(GSM)
European digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2);
General requirements on interworking between the Public Land
Mobile Network (PLMN) and the Integrated Services Digital
Network (ISDN) or Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN)
(GSM 09.07)
ETSI
European Telecommunications Standards Institute
ETSI Secretariat
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis CEDEX - FRANCE
Postal address:
650 Route des Lucioles - Sophia Antipolis - Valbonne - FRANCE
Office address:
c=fr, a=atlas, p=etsi, s=secretariat - secretariat@etsi.fr
X.400: Internet:
Tel.: +33 92 94 42 00 - Fax: +33 93 65 47 16

Copyright Notification: No part may be reproduced except as authorized by written permission. The copyright and the

foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© European Telecommunications Standards Institute 1994. All rights reserved.
New presentation - see History box
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ETS 300 604: October 1994 (GSM 09.07 version 4.7.1)

Whilst every care has been taken in the preparation and publication of this document, errors in content,

typographical or otherwise, may occur. If you have comments concerning its accuracy, please write to

"ETSI Editing and Committee Support Dept." at the address shown on the title page.

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ETS 300 604: October 1994 (GSM 09.07 version 4.7.1)
Contents

Foreword...........................................................................................................................................7

1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................9

2 Normative references ................................................................................................................9

3 Definitions and abbreviations....................................................................................................11

4 Introduction.............................................................................................................................13

5 Not used................................................................................................................................. 14

6 Network Characteristics...........................................................................................................14

6.1 Key Characteristics of Networks Concerned................................................................14

6.1.1 Characteristics of PLMNs ....................................................................... 14

6.1.2 Characteristics of PSTNs........................................................................14

6.1.3 Characteristics of ISDN ..........................................................................15

7 Interworking classifications.......................................................................................................15

7.1 Service interworking..................................................................................................15

7.2 Network interworking................................................................................................. 15

7.3 Signalling interworking ...............................................................................................18

7.4 Numbering................................................................................................................18

7.5 Supplementary service interworking............................................................................18

8 Compatibility and subscription checking.....................................................................................18

9 Interworking to PSTN ..............................................................................................................18

9.1 Speech Calls ............................................................................................................18

9.1.1 Interworking indications to PLMN terminal ................................................18

9.1.2 Transmission aspects .............................................................................18

9.1.3 Generation of In-band Tones and Announcements (PLMN-PSTN) ..............19

9.2 Data Calls ................................................................................................................19

9.2.1 Network interworking mobile originated....................................................19

9.2.1.1 Selection of interworking function.....................................19

9.2.1.2 Modem Selection............................................................20

9.2.1.3 DTE/Modem interface (Filtering)......................................20
9.2.1.4 Mapping of BC-IE from GSM 04.08 to ISUP (or other)......21

9.2.2 Network Interworking Mobile terminated PSTN Originated.........................21

9.2.3 Transparent service support....................................................................25

9.2.3.1 Not used ........................................................................25

9.2.3.2 Rate adaptation process in MSC/IWF .............................. 25
9.2.3.3 Mapping of signalling MS/MSC/IWF to modem interface
requirements..................................................................25
9.2.3.4 Establishment of end-to-end terminal synchronizations.......26
9.2.3.5 Network Independent Clocking (NIC)................................27

9.2.4 Non-transparent service support..............................................................27

9.2.4.1 MSC-IWF Rate adaptation scheme..................................27
9.2.4.2 Protocol layer structure in the MSC/IWF...........................27

9.2.4.3 Re-constitution of user data.............................................28

9.2.4.4 Layer 2 relay functionality................................................28

9.2.4.5 In band signalling mapping flow control.............................28
9.2.4.5.1 Conditions requiring flow control
towards the fixed network...................28
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9.2.4.5.2 Conditions requiring flow control
towards the MS..................................29

9.2.4.6 Data buffers...................................................................29

9.2.4.6.1 Transmit buffers (towards MS)............29
9.2.4.6.2 Receive buffers (from MS) ..................29
9.2.4.7 Transportation of the Break condition ...............................29
9.2.4.8 In band signalling mapping modem status information ........29

9.2.4.9 Support of out-band flow control ......................................29

9.2.4.10 Establishment of end-to-end terminal synchronizations.......30

9.3 Interworking Alternate Speech / Data Calls .................................................................31

9.3.1 Alternate Speech/Data Interworking.........................................................31

9.3.1.1 General..........................................................................31

9.3.1.2 Mobile originated PSTN terminated calls...........................31
9.3.1.3 PSTN originated mobile terminated calls...........................31

9.3.2 Speech followed by data interworking......................................................32

9.3.2.1 General..........................................................................32

10 Interworking to the ISDN..........................................................................................................32

10.1 Speech Calls.............................................................................................................32

10.2 Data Calls.................................................................................................................33

10.2.1 Network interworking mobile originated ....................................................33

10.2.1.1 Circuit switched calls.......................................................33

10.2.1.2 Packet calls....................................................................33

10.2.2 Network interworking mobile terminated ...................................................34

10.2.2.1 Circuit switched calls.......................................................49

10.2.2.2 Packet calls....................................................................49

10.2.3 Transparent service support (see GSM 03.10) .........................................49

10.2.3.1 MSC - IWF rate adaptation scheme .................................49
10.2.3.2 Rate adaptation process in MSC/IWF ..............................49
10.2.3.3 Mapping of signalling MS/MSC/IWF to modem interface

requirements ..................................................................49

10.2.3.4 Establishment of end-to-end terminal synchronizations.......50
10.2.3.5 Network independent Clocking (NIC) ................................51

10.2.4 Non-transparent service support (See GSM 03.10)...................................51

10.2.4.1 MSC - IWF Rate adaptation scheme................................51
10.2.4.2 Protocol layer structure in the MSC/IWF...........................51

10.2.4.3 Re-constitution of user data.............................................51

10.2.4.4 Layer 2 relay functionality................................................51

10.2.4.5 In band signalling mapping flow control.............................52
10.2.4.5.1 Conditions requiring flow control - if
flow control is provided -towards the
fixed network .....................................52
10.2.4.5.2 Conditions requiring flow control
towards the MS..................................52

10.2.4.6 Data buffers ...................................................................53

10.2.4.6.1 Transmit buffers (towards MS)............53
10.2.4.6.2 Receive buffers (from MS) ..................53

10.2.4.7 BREAK Indication ...........................................................53

10.2.4.8 Signalling mapping modem status information or in band
rate adapted frame information........................................53

10.2.4.9 Support of out-band flow control .....................................53

10.2.4.10 Synchronisations.............................................................53

10.2.4.10.1 V110 Frame synchronisations..............53
10.2.4.10.2 RLP Frame start indication..................53
10.2.4.10.3 L2R Frame synchronizations................54
10.2.4.10.4 Establishment of end-to-end terminal
synchronizations .................................54

10.2.5 DTE/Modem interface (Filtering)..............................................................54

10.3 Interworking Alternate speech data calls .....................................................................55

10.3.1 Alternate speech data bearer interworking ...............................................56

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10.3.1.1 General .........................................................................56

10.3.1.2 Mobile originated ISDN terminated...................................56
10.3.1.3 ISDN originated mobile terminated ...................................56

10.3.2 Speech followed by data interworking......................................................57

10.3.2.1 General ......................................................................... 57

11 V.110 Frame Synchronisation...................................................................................................57

11.1 Initial V.110 frame synchronisation.............................................................................57

11.2 Action on loss of V.110 frame synchronisation for non transparent services ..................57

11.3 Action on loss of V.110 frame synchronisation for transparent services .........................58

History.............................................................................................................................................59

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ETS 300 604: October 1994 (GSM 09.07 version 4.7.1)
Foreword

This European Telecommunication Standard (ETS) has been produced by the Special Mobile Group

(SMG) Technical Committee (TC) of the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI).

This ETS identifies the Mobile-services Switching Centre (MSC) Interworking Functions (IWFs) and

requirements to support interworking between:

i) Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) and Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN);

ii) PLMN and Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN).
This ETS corresponds to GSM technical specification GSM 09.07 version 4.7.1.

The specification from which this ETS has been derived was originally based on CEPT documentation,

hence the presentation of this ETS may not be entirely in accordance with the ETSI/PNE rules.

Reference is made within this ETS to GSM-TSs (NOTE).

Reference is also made within this ETS to GSM xx.xx. series. The specifications in the series can be

identified, with their full title, within the normative reference Clause of this ETS by the first two digits of

their GSM reference number e.g. GSM 09.xx series, refers to GSM 09.01, GSM 09.02, etc.

NOTE: TC-SMG has produced documents which give the technical specifications for the

implementation of the European digital cellular telecommunications system. Historically,

these documents have been identified as GSM Technical Specifications (GSM-TSs).
These TSs may have subsequently become I-ETSs (Phase 1), or ETSs (Phase 2),

whilst others may become ETSI Technical Reports (ETRs). GSM-TSs are, for editorial

reasons, still referred to in current GSM ETSs.
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1 Scope

The purpose of this technical specification (TS) is to identify the MSC/IWFs and requirements to support

interworking between:
i) PLMN and PSTN
ii) PLMN and ISDN

It is not possible to treat ISDN and PSTN as one type of network, even when both ISDN and PSTN

subscribers are served by the same exchange because of the limitations of the PSTN subscribers access

ie analogue connection without D-channel signalling.

Within this TS, the requirements for voice and non-voice (data) calls are considered separately.

2 Normative references

This ETS incorporates by dated and undated reference, provisions from other publications. These

normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed

hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply

to this ETS only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references, the latest

edition of the publication referred to applies.
[1] CCITT Recommendation G.711: "Pulse code modulation (PCM) of voice
frequencies".
[2] CCITT Recommendation I.460: "Multiplexing, rate adaption and support of
existing interfaces".
[3] CCITT Recommendation V.25: "Automatic answering equipment and/or parallel
automatic calling equipment on the general switched telephone network including
procedures for disabling of echo control devices for both manually and
automatically established calls".
[4] CCITT Recommendation V.110: "Support of data terminal equipments (DTEs)
with V-Series interfaces by an integrated services digital network".
[5] ETS 300 102-1: "Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN); User-network
interface layer 3 Specifications for basic call control".
[6] ETS 300 121: "Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN); Application of the
ISDN User Part (ISUP) of CCITT Signalling System No.7 for international ISDN
interconnections (ISUP version 1)".
[7] GSM 01.04 (ETR 100): "European digital cellular telecommunication system
(Phase 2); Definitions, abbreviations and acronyms".
[8] GSM 02.01 (ETS 300 500): "European digital cellular telecommunication system
(Phase 2); Principles of telecommunication services supported by a GSM Public
Land Mobile Network (PLMN)".
[9] GSM 02.02 (ETS 300 501): "European digital cellular telecommunication system
(Phase 2); Bearer Services (BS) supported by a GSM Public Land Mobile
Network (PLMN)".

[10] GSM 02.03 (ETS 300 502): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Teleservices supported by a GSM Public Land Mobile Network
(PLMN)".

[11] GSM 02.04 (ETS 300 503): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); General on supplementary services".
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[12] GSM 02.81 (ETS 300 514): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Line identification supplementary services - Stage 1".

[13] GSM 02.82 (ETS 300 515): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Call Forwarding (CF) supplementary services - Stage 1".

[14] GSM 02.83 (ETS 300 516): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Call Waiting (CW) and Call Hold (HOLD) supplementary services -
Stage 1".

[15] GSM 02.84 (ETS 300 517): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); MultiParty (MPTY) supplementary services - Stage 1".

[16] GSM 02.85 (ETS 300 518): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Closed User Group (CUG) supplementary services - Stage 1".

[17] GSM 02.86 (ETS 300 519): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Advice of charge (AoC) supplementary services - Stage 1".

[18] GSM 02.88 (ETS 300 520): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Call Barring (CB) supplementary services - Stage 1".

[19] GSM 03.03 (ETS 300 523): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Numbering, addressing and identification".

[20] GSM 03.08 (ETS 300 526): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Organisation of subscriber data".

[21] GSM 03.11 (ETS 300 529): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Technical realization of supplementary services".

[22] GSM 03.45 (ETS 300 538): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Technical realization of facsimile group 3 transparent".

[23] GSM 03.46 (ETS 300 539): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Technical realization of facsimile group 3 non-transparent".

[24] GSM 03.50 (ETS 300 540): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Transmission planning aspects of the speech service in the GSM
Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) system".

[25] GSM 04.08 (ETS 300 557): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Mobile radio interface layer 3 specification".

[26] GSM 04.21 (ETS 300 562): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Rate adaption on the Mobile Station - Base Station System (MS -
BSS) interface".

[27] GSM 04.22 (ETS 300 563): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Radio Link Protocol (RLP) for data and telematic services on the
Mobile Station - Base Station System (MS - BSS) interface and the Base Station
System - Mobile-services Switching Centre (BSS - MSC) interface".

[28] GSM 07.01 (ETS 300 582): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); General on Terminal Adaptation Functions (TAF) for Mobile Stations
(MS)".

[29] GSM 07.02 (ETS 300 583): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Terminal Adaptation Functions (TAF) for services using asynchronous
bearer capabilities".
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[30] GSM 07.03 (ETS 300 584): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Terminal Adaptation Functions (TAF) for services using synchronous
bearer capabilities".

[31] GSM 07.05 (ETS 300 585): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Use of Data Terminal Equipment - Data Circuit terminating Equipment
(DTE - DCE) interface for Short Message Service (SMS) and Cell Broadcast
Service (CBS)".

[32] GSM 07.06 (ETS 300 586): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Use of the V series Data Terminal Equipment - Data Circuit
terminating Equipment (DTE - DCE) interface at the Mobile Station (MS) for
Mobile Termination (MT) configuration".

[33] GSM 08.20 (ETS 300 591): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Rate adaption on the Base Station System - Mobile-services
Switching Centre (BSS - MSC) interface".

[34] GSM 08.60 (ETS 300 597): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Inband control of remote transcoders and rate adaptors".

[35] GSM 09.02 (ETS 300 599): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Mobile Application Part (MAP) specification".

[36] GSM 09.03 (ETS 300 600): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Signalling requirements on interworking between the Integrated
Services Digital Network (ISDN) or Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN)
and the Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN)".

[37] GSM 09.05 (ETS 300 602): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Interworking between the Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) and
the Packet Switched Public Data Network (PSPDN) for Packet
Assembly/Disassembly facility (PAD) access".

[38] GSM 09.06 (ETS 300 603): "European digital cellular telecommunication system

(Phase 2); Interworking between a Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) and a
Packet Switched Public Data Network/Integrated Services Digital Network
(PSPDN/ISDN) for the support of packet switched data transmission services".

Note: As regards ETS 300 102-1 [5], the edition 1 of this ETS from 1990 shall be used, with

one exception: the encoding of the field modem type in the ISDN BC-IE shall be
handled as specified in table 6A and 6B of GSM 09.07.
3 Definitions and abbreviations

Use is made of the following terms within this TS. These terms refer to information requirements

necessary to support interworking functions, some of these terms will be identifiable with their use in other

GSM TS.
- Bearer capability information

Specific information defining the lower layer characteristics required within the network.

- Low layer compatibility information
Information defining the lower layer characteristics of the terminal.
- High layer compatibility information
Information defining the higher layer characteristics of the terminal.
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- Compatibility information

This term subsumes the entirety of Bearer Capability, Low Layer Compatibility, High Layer

Compatibility, Progress Indicator and Address Information conveyed out-of-band prior to call

establishment for the support of compatibility checking and terminal/function/service selection at the

ISDN-type user-network interface.
- Protocol identifier

Information defining the specific protocols utilised for the support of data transfer by a terminal.

- Progress indicator

Information supplied to indicate to the terminal that network interworking has taken place.

- Out-of-band parameter exchange

Information exchanged via an associated or non-associated signalling link e.g. SS No 7.

- PSTN
Subscriber to network interface supports only analogue terminals.
- ISDN

Subscriber to network interface supports digital or analogue terminals, plus a standardised user to

network associated signalling system and a standardised internetwork signalling system.

- Autobauding type 1

This information element value may be contained in the setup or call confirm messages from the

mobile station in association with a non transparent data service. This implies that the MSC/IWF

may select any speed and modem type according to what it can negotiate with the remote modem

on the PSTN/ISDN. The maximum speed to be used by the MSC/IWF is the user speed indicated in

the setup/call confirm message.
- Multi self selecting speed modem

This term applies to V series modems capable of handling one or more lower speeds as a fall back

position. When such a modem is requested in the call setup or call confirm message from the MS in

association with a non transparent service, the MSC/IWF may select any of the speeds supported

according to the negotiation with the remote modem on the PSTN/ISDN. In this instance the

maximum starting negotiation speed to be used by the MSC/IWF is the one indicated by the user

speed in the setup/call confirm message.

In addition to those below abbreviations used in this specification are listed in GSM 01.04.

ADPCM Adaptive Differential Pulse Coded Modulation
DP Dial Pulse
ITC Information Transfer Capability
LE Local Exchange
NT Network Termination
PABX Private Automatic Branch Exchange
SPC Stored Program Control
SS No.7 Signalling System No.7
TE Terminal Equipment
TA Terminal Adaptor
TUP Telephone User Part (of Signalling System No.7)
DSS1 Digital Subscriber Signalling 1
UNI User Network Interface
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4 Introduction

General Network Interworking Scenarios are described in GSM 09.01. Since the numbering plan for the

ISDN era (E.164) includes the numbering plan for the telephone network (E.163), it is not possible to

distinguish by the number whether a given subscriber is a PSTN or ISDN subscriber. Further, in some

countries both PSTN and ISDN subscribers will be connected to the same exchange, so the only difference

for this type of combined network will be in the nature of the customer access. In this document a PSTN is

considered to support only an analogue interface towards the subscriber. An ISDN shall be considered to

support digital interface towards the subscriber. In addition, the ISDN is considered to support a

standardised outband signalling protocol both between the subscriber and the network and within the

network, i.e DSS1 and ISUP, thus enabling the generation and transport of Compatibility Information for

compatibility checking and terminal/function/service selection at the user-network interface as well as for

MSC/IWF selection.

There now exist networks which do not fall into either of these categories in that they provide for digital

connectivity from subscriber to subscriber through the network. The subscribers have access to a wide

range of services by a limited set of standard multi-purpose user network interfaces. However, these

networks do not support the standardised inter-exchange signalling protocol throughout, in that they are

e.g using TUP or National User Part (NUP). These types of network support 64kbit/s connections, so in

service support are comparable to ISDN, however, the signalling system provided may not support

transport of all Compatibility Information allowed for in the standardised ISDN signalling. This document will

therefore identify interworking to PSTN and ISDN on the principle of the network characteristics as

identified in the previous paragraph. The aforementioned existing networks then constitute one particular

case in the ISDN interworking scenarios. These cases will be itemised when the implication of the various

degrees of exhaustiveness of the Compatibility Information - delivered via the ISDN - used for deducting a

GSM Basic Service needs to be set forth.

When two dissimilar networks are required to interwork in order to support a communication between two

subscribers, one on each network, a number of Interworking Functions (MSC/IWFs) are required to

support the communication. Some of these are related to the differences in signalling and are dealt with in

GSM 09.03.
Examples of other aspects of interworking are:
i) the need or otherwise of echo control devices
ii) the need or otherwise of modem pools and network-based rate adaptation
For the purposes of determining the req
...

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