Radio Broadcasting Systems; Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) to mobile, portable and fixed receivers

The present document establishes a broadcasting standard for the Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) system designed for delivery of high-quality digital audio programme and data services for mobile, portable and fixed reception from terrestrial or satellite transmitters in the Very High Frequency (VHF)/Ultra High Frequency (UHF) frequency bands as well as for distribution through cable networks. The DAB system is designed to provide spectrum and power efficient techniques in terrestrial transmitter network planning, known as the Single Frequency Network (SFN) and the gap-filling technique. The DAB system is suitable for satellite as well as hybrid/mixed terrestrial/satellite broadcasting, using a simple, nearly omni-directional receiving antenna. The DAB system meets the required sharing criteria with other radiocommunication services. The present document defines the DAB transmission signal. It includes the coding algorithms for audio, multiplexing of audio programme and data services, channel coding and modulation. A limited range of supplementary services associated with programme services is defined. Provision is also made for transmission of additional data services which may be programme related or not, within the limit of the total system capacity. The present document provides information on the system configuration which includes information about the ensembles, services, service components and linking of them. Provision is made for a compatible cross-reference to existing Frequency Modulation (FM) services and Amplitude Modulation (AM) services. The present document describes the nominal characteristics of the emitted DAB signal. The aspects related to the receiver design are outside the scope of the present document. Hardware implementation considerations are not covered.

Sistemi radiodifuzije - Digitalna zvokovna radiodifuzija (DAB) za mobilne, prenosne in fiksne sprejemnike

General Information

Publication Date
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
Due Date
Completion Date

Buy Standard

EN 300 401 V1.4.1:2006
English language
197 pages
sale 10% off
sale 10% off
e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (Sample)

SIST EN 300 401 V1.4.1:2006
Sistemi radiodifuzije - Digitalna zvokovna radiodifuzija (DAB) za mobilne,
prenosne in fiksne sprejemnike
Radio Broadcasting Systems; Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) to mobile, portable and
fixed receivers
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 300 401 Version 1.4.1
33.060.20 Sprejemna in oddajna Receiving and transmitting
oprema equipment
33.170 Televizijska in radijska Television and radio
difuzija broadcasting
SIST EN 300 401 V1.4.1:2006 en
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------

SIST EN 300 401 V1.4.1:2006

---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------

SIST EN 300 401 V1.4.1:2006

ETSI EN 300 401 V1.4.1 (2006-06)
European Standard (Telecommunications series)

Radio Broadcasting Systems;
Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) to mobile,
portable and fixed receivers

European Broadcasting Union Union Européenne de Radio-Télévision

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------

SIST EN 300 401 V1.4.1:2006
 2 ETSI EN 300 401 V1.4.1 (2006-06)

audio, broadcasting, DAB, data, digital, satellite,
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE

Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00  Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16

Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88

Important notice
Individual copies of the present document can be downloaded from:
The present document may be made available in more than one electronic version or in print. In any case of existing or
perceived difference in contents between such versions, the reference version is the Portable Document Format (PDF).
In case of dispute, the reference shall be the printing on ETSI printers of the PDF version kept on a specific network drive
within ETSI Secretariat.
Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.
Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at
If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services:
Copyright Notification
No part may be reproduced except as authorized by written permission.
The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.

© European Telecommunications Standards Institute 2006.
© European Broadcasting Union 2006.
All rights reserved.

DECT , PLUGTESTS and UMTS are Trade Marks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members.
TIPHON and the TIPHON logo are Trade Marks currently being registered by ETSI for the benefit of its Members.
3GPP is a Trade Mark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------

SIST EN 300 401 V1.4.1:2006
 3 ETSI EN 300 401 V1.4.1 (2006-06)
Intellectual Property Rights.8
1 Scope.10
2 References.10
3 Definitions, abbreviations, mathematical symbols, C-language mathematical symbols and
3.1 Definitions.11
3.2 Abbreviations.15
3.3 Mathematical symbols.17
3.3.1 Arithmetic operators.17
3.3.2 Logical and set operators .17
3.3.3 Functions.18
3.3.4 Constants.18
3.4 C-language mathematical symbols.18
3.4.1 Arithmetic operators.18
3.4.2 Logical operators.18
3.4.3 Relational operators.18
3.4.4 Assignment.18
3.4.5 Mnemonics.19
3.4.6 Method of describing bit stream syntax.19
3.5 Convention.20
4 Basic DAB system description.20
4.1 Transport mechanisms.20
4.2 Multiplex Configuration Information (MCI).23
4.3 Audio coding.23
4.4 Data features.24
4.5 Conditional Access (CA).24
4.6 Energy dispersal.24
4.7 Convolutional coding.24
4.8 Time interleaving.24
4.9 Common Interleaved Frame (CIF) .24
4.10 DAB transmission signal.25
4.11 Radio frequency parameters .25
4.12 Main DAB system characteristics .25
5 Transport mechanisms.27
5.1 Introduction.27
5.2 Fast Information Channel (FIC) .29
5.2.1 Fast Information Block (FIB) .29
5.2.2 Fast Information Group (FIG) .30 MCI and SI: FIG type 0 data field.30 Labels: FIG type 1 and FIG type 2 data fields .32 FIG type 1.32 FIG type 2.33 FIDC: FIG type 5 data field .34 CA: FIG type 6 data field.34
5.3 Main Service Channel (MSC) .34
5.3.1 Stream mode.35
5.3.2 Packet mode - network level.35 Packet header.35 Packet data field .36 Packet CRC.36
5.3.3 Packet mode - data group level.36 MSC data group header.37

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------

SIST EN 300 401 V1.4.1:2006
 4 ETSI EN 300 401 V1.4.1 (2006-06) Session header.38 MSC data group data field .39 MSC data group CRC .39
5.3.4 Interrelation of network and transport level in packet mode .39
5.3.5 FEC for MSC packet mode.39 FEC frame.40 Transport of RS data .41 Receiver considerations.42
5.4 Transport of Service Information in the Auxiliary Information Channel.42
5.5 Extended labels.43
5.5.1 Structure of the extended label data field.43
5.5.2 Label definition.44
5.5.3 Character definition.44
5.5.4 Segmentation.46
5.5.5 Receiver considerations.46
6 Multiplex Configuration Information (MCI).47
6.1 Introduction.47
6.2 Sub-channel organization.48
6.2.1 Basic sub-channel organization .48
6.2.2 FEC sub-channel organization.52
6.3 Service organization.52
6.3.1 Basic service and service component definition .52
6.3.2 Service component in packet mode with or without Conditional Access.55
6.3.3 Service component with Conditional Access in stream mode or FIC.56
6.3.4 Service component "hooks".56
6.3.5 Service component global definition .56
6.4 Ensemble information.58
6.5 Multiplex re-configuration.59
7 Audio coding.60
7.1 Audio encoding.61
7.1.1 Analysis sub-band filter.61
7.1.2 Scale Factor calculation .63
7.1.3 Coding of Scale Factors.63
7.1.4 Coding of Scale Factor Selection Information.64
7.1.5 Psychoacoustic model.65
7.1.6 Bit allocation.65
7.1.7 Bit allocation coding.66
7.1.8 Quantization and coding of sub-band samples.68
7.1.9 Formatting of the audio bit stream.70
7.2 Semantics of the audio bit stream.71
7.2.1 MPEG Audio Layer II bit stream.71 Audio sequence.71 Audio frame.71 Audio frame header.71 Error check.74 Audio data.74 Ancillary data.75
7.2.2 DAB audio bit stream .75 DAB audio sequence.75 DAB audio frame.75 DAB audio frame header .76 Error check.76 Audio data.76 Audio stuffing bits .76 Extended Programme Associated Data (X-PAD) .76 Scale Factor Error Check (ScF-CRC) .77 Fixed Programme Associated Data (F-PAD).77
7.3 Audio bit stream syntax.79
7.3.1 ISO/IEC 11172-3 and ISO/IEC 13818-3 Layer II bit stream syntax .79 Audio sequence.79

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------

SIST EN 300 401 V1.4.1:2006
 5 ETSI EN 300 401 V1.4.1 (2006-06) Audio frame.79 Header.79 Error check.80 Audio data.80 Ancillary data.81
7.3.2 DAB audio bit stream syntax.81 DAB audio sequence.81 DAB audio frame.81 DAB audio frame header .81 Error check.81 Audio data.81 Audio stuffing bits .82 Extended Programme Associated Data .82 Scale factor error check.82 Fixed Programme Associated Data .82
7.4 Programme Associated Data (PAD).82
7.4.1 Coding of F-PAD.83 Dynamic Range Control data .86
7.4.2 Structure of X-PAD .86 Short X-PAD.88 Variable size X-PAD.88
7.4.3 Application types.89
7.4.4 Contents indicator.90 Contents indicator in short X-PAD .90 Contents indicator in variable size X-PAD .90
7.4.5 Applications in X-PAD.91 MSC data groups in X-PAD .91 X-PAD data group for data group length indicator .91 X-PAD data group for MSC data group .91 Transport of MSC data groups in short X-PAD .92 Transport of MSC data groups in variable-sized X-PAD.92 Dynamic label.92
8 Data features.95
8.1 Service Information (SI).95
8.1.1 Introduction.95
8.1.2 Service component language .95
8.1.3 Time and country identifier .96 Date and time (d&t) .96 Country, LTO and International table .97
8.1.4 Programme Number.98
8.1.5 Programme Type.99
8.1.6 Announcements.101 Announcement support.101 Announcement switching.102
8.1.7 DRM services.102 DRM Frequencies.103
8.1.8 Frequency Information.103
8.1.9 Transmitter Identification Information (TII) database.108
8.1.10 Other ensembles.110 OE Frequencies.110 OE Services.110 OE Programme Number.111 OE Programme Type.111 OE Announcements.111 OE Announcement support .111 OE Announcement switching.112 OE Text labels.

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.