Fixed Radio Systems - Characteristics and requirements for point-to-point equipment and antennas - Part 4-1: System-dependent requirements for antennas

The present document summarizes all requirements for single main beam, linear polarization, directional antennas to be adopted in conjunction with Point-to-Point (PP) systems operating in the frequency range 1 GHz to 86 GHz. Single polarization antennas, dual polarization antennas, dual band/single polarized antennas and dual band/dual polarization antennas are considered. Description and limits for parameters relevant to essential requirements under article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive [1] are given in EN 302 217-4-2 [4]. For other parameters and general information that does not affect the R&TTE Directive [1] "essential requirements" mentioned above, description and limits are set out in the present document. There are a number of different antenna types for various applications, the principles by which they are classified are given in clause 5. The present document does not cover aspects related to test procedures and test conditions, which are covered by the scope of EN 301 126-3-1 [2]. Guidance on the definition of radio parameters relevant to the essential requirements under article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive [1] for DFRS may be found in TR 101 506 [i.1].

Fiksni radijski sistemi - Karakteristike in zahteve za opremo in antene tipa točka-točka - 4-1. del: Sistemsko odvisne zahteve za antene

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
03-May-2009
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
06-Apr-2009
Due Date
11-Jun-2009
Completion Date
04-May-2009

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Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1:2009
01-junij-2009

)LNVQLUDGLMVNLVLVWHPL.DUDNWHULVWLNHLQ]DKWHYH]DRSUHPRLQDQWHQHWLSDWRþND

WRþNDGHO6LVWHPVNRRGYLVQH]DKWHYH]DDQWHQH

Fixed Radio Systems - Characteristics and requirements for point-to-point equipment

and antennas - Part 4-1: System-dependent requirements for antennas
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 302 217-4-1 Version 1.3.1
ICS:
33.060.30 Radiorelejni in fiksni satelitski Radio relay and fixed satellite
komunikacijski sistemi communications systems
33.120.40 Antene Aerials
SIST EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1:2009 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1:2009
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1:2009
ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2009-03)
European Standard (Telecommunications series)
Fixed Radio Systems;
Characteristics and requirements
for point-to-point equipment and antennas;
Part 4-1: System-dependent requirements for antennas
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1:2009
2 ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2009-03)
Reference
REN/ATTM-04008
Keywords
antenna, DFRS, DRRS, FWA, point-to-point,
transmission
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88
Important notice
Individual copies of the present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org

The present document may be made available in more than one electronic version or in print. In any case of existing or

perceived difference in contents between such versions, the reference version is the Portable Document Format (PDF).

In case of dispute, the reference shall be the printing on ETSI printers of the PDF version kept on a specific network drive

within ETSI Secretariat.

Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at

http://portal.etsi.org/tb/status/status.asp

If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services:

http://portal.etsi.org/chaircor/ETSI_support.asp
Copyright Notification
No part may be reproduced except as authorized by written permission.
The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© European Telecommunications Standards Institute 2009.
All rights reserved.
TM TM TM TM

DECT , PLUGTESTS , UMTS , TIPHON , the TIPHON logo and the ETSI logo are Trade Marks of ETSI registered

for the benefit of its Members.

3GPP is a Trade Mark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

LTE™ is a Trade Mark of ETSI currently being registered
for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

GSM® and the GSM logo are Trade Marks registered and owned by the GSM Association.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1:2009
3 ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2009-03)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 4

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 4

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 5

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 5

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 5

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 6

3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations ................................................................................................... 6

3.1 Definitions .......................................................................................................................................................... 6

3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 6

3.3 Abbreviations ..................................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Frequency bands ....................................................................................................................................... 7

5 Classification of antennas ......................................................................................................................... 7

5.1 Templates for definition of Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) classes ............................................................. 7

5.2 Cross-Polar Discrimination (XPD) categories.................................................................................................. 10

6 Electrical characteristics ......................................................................................................................... 10

6.1 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) ................................................................................................................... 10

6.2 Cross-Polar Discrimination (XPD) ................................................................................................................... 11

6.3 Antenna gain .................................................................................................................................................... 11

Annex A (normative): Standardized Radiation Pattern Envelopes for class 1 antennas in

bands 3 GHz to 86 GHz ................................................................................. 12

Annex B (informative): Additional information .................................................................................. 17

B.1 Mechanical characteristics ..................................................................................................................... 17

B.1.1 Environmental characteristics .......................................................................................................................... 17

B.1.2 Wind ratings ..................................................................................................................................................... 17

B.1.3 Antenna stability .............................................................................................................................................. 17

B.2 Antenna input connectors ....................................................................................................................... 18

B.3 Return loss at the input ports .................................................................................................................. 18

B.4 Inter-port isolation .................................................................................................................................. 18

B.5 Antenna labelling ................................................................................................................................... 18

Annex C (informative): Antenna gain and radiation pattern information ....................................... 19

C.1 Impact of antenna gain on the frequency planning ................................................................................ 19

C.2 Gain and typical radiation pattern for circular-symmetric antennas ...................................................... 19

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 21

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1:2009
4 ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2009-03)
Intellectual Property Rights

IPRs essential or potentially essential to the present document may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (http://webapp.etsi.org/IPR/home.asp).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Foreword

This European Standard (Telecommunications series) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Access,

Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM).

The present document is part 4-1 of a multi-part deliverable. Full details of the entire series can be found in part 1 [3].

National transposition dates
Date of adoption of this EN: 19 March 2009
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 30 June 2009
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 31 December 2009
Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 31 December 2009
Introduction

The purpose of the present document is to define antenna parameters, which are relevant to Fixed Radio Systems (FRS),

including those considered essential for conformity to the R&TTE Directive [1]. Limits are set out in

EN 302 217-4-2 [4].

Additional parameters appropriate to system implementation may be subject to agreement between the equipment

purchaser and supplier. Further guidance is provided in annex B.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1:2009
5 ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2009-03)
1 Scope

The present document summarizes all requirements for single main beam, linear polarization, directional antennas to be

adopted in conjunction with Point-to-Point (PP) systems operating in the frequency range 1 GHz to 86 GHz.

Single polarization antennas, dual polarization antennas, dual band/single polarized antennas and dual band/dual

polarization antennas are considered.

Description and limits for parameters relevant to essential requirements under article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive [1]

are given in EN 302 217-4-2 [4].

For other parameters and general information that does not affect the R&TTE Directive [1] "essential requirements"

mentioned above, description and limits are set out in the present document.

There are a number of different antenna types for various applications, the principles by which they are classified are

given in clause 5.

The present document does not cover aspects related to test procedures and test conditions, which are covered by the

scope of EN 301 126-3-1 [2].

Guidance on the definition of radio parameters relevant to the essential requirements under article 3.2 of the

R&TTE Directive [1] for DFRS may be found in TR 101 506 [i.1].
2 References

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or non-

specific.
• For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.

• Non-specific reference may be made only to a complete document or a part thereof and only in the following

cases:

- if it is accepted that it will be possible to use all future changes of the referenced document for the

purposes of the referring document;
- for informative references.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

http://docbox.etsi.org/Reference.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.
2.1 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of the present document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For non-specific references, the latest edition of the referenced document

(including any amendments) applies.

[1] Directive 1999/5/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 1999 on radio

equipment and telecommunications terminal equipment and the mutual recognition of their

conformity (R&TTE Directive).

[2] ETSI EN 301 126-3-1: "Fixed Radio Systems; Conformance testing; Part 3-1: Point-to-Point

antennas; Definitions, general requirements and test procedures".

[3] ETSI EN 302 217-1: "Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and requirements for point-to-point

equipment and antennas; Part 1: Overview and system-independent common characteristics".

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1:2009
6 ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2009-03)

[4] ETSI EN 302 217-4-2: "Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and requirements for point-to-point

equipment and antennas; Part 4-2: Harmonized EN covering essential requirements of Article 3.2

of R&TTE Directive for antennas".
[5] IEC 60154-1: "Flanges for waveguides. Part 1: General requirements".

[6] IEC 60154-2: "Flanges for waveguides. Part 2: Relevant specifications for flanges for ordinary

rectangular waveguides".

[7] IEC 60169-1: "Radio-frequency connectors. Part 1: General requirements and measuring

methods".
2.2 Informative references

The following referenced documents are not essential to the use of the present document but they assist the user with

regard to a particular subject area. For non-specific references, the latest version of the referenced document (including

any amendments) applies.

[i.1] ETSI TR 101 506: "Fixed Radio Systems; Generic definitions, terminology and applicability of

essential requirements under the article 3.2 of 1999/05/EC Directive to Fixed Radio Systems".

[i.2] ETSI EN 302 217-2-2: "Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and requirements for point-to-point

equipment and antennas; Part 2-2: Harmonized EN covering essential requirements of Article 3.2

of R&TTE Directive for digital systems operating in frequency bands where frequency co-

ordination is applied".

[i.3] ETSI TR 102 243-1: "Fixed Radio Systems; Representative values for transmitter power and

antenna gain to support inter- and intra-compatibility and sharing analysis; Part 1: Digital point-to-

point systems".

[i.4] ETSI EN 302 217-2-1: "Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and requirements for point-to-point

equipment and antennas; Part 2-1: System-dependent requirements for digital systems operating in

frequency bands where frequency co-ordination is applied".

[i.5] ITU-R Recommendation F.699: "Reference radiation patterns for fixed wireless system antennas

for use in coordination studies and interference assessment in the frequency range from 100 MHz

to about 70 GHz".
3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Definitions

For the purposes of the present document, the terms and definitions given in EN 302 217-1 [3] apply.

3.2 Symbols

For the purposes of the present document, the symbols given in EN 302 217-1 [3] apply.

3.3 Abbreviations

For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in EN 302 217-1 [3] apply.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1:2009
7 ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2009-03)
4 Frequency bands

The present document defines the characteristics and requirements of antennas in the frequency range from 1 GHz to

86 GHz.

For technical commonalities that range is here divided into sub-ranges as follows:

Range 0: 1 GHz to 3 GHz;
Range 1: 3 GHz to 14 GHz;
Range 2: 14 GHz to 20 GHz;
Range 3: 20 GHz to 24 GHz;
Range 4: 24 GHz to 30 GHz;
Range 5: 30 GHz to 47 GHz;
Range 6: 47 GHz to 66 GHz;
Range 7: 66 GHz to 86 GHz.
5 Classification of antennas

Antenna classification presented in the present document is based on RPE and XPD parameters.

5.1 Templates for definition of Radiation Pattern Envelope
(RPE) classes

The RPE directional characteristic (co-polar and cross-polar) impacts the interference situation in the network planning

and a trade-off between a highly demanding RPE and the cost/size/weight of the antennas, compatible with the

constraints given by present and future networks is then advisable.

With respect to the Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), four classes (RPE classes 1 to 4) have been identified according

maximum co-polar limit templates for any actual RPE mask in significant range of off-axis azimuth angles. The

templates for subdivision in those classes are also depending on given frequency ranges of operation according to

figures 1 to 3 and table 1.

Figures 1 to 3 are intended only as templates for defining subdivision of antennas in directivity classes; actual

limits options for declaration of conformance to essential requirements under article 3.2 of the R&TTE

Directive [1] are defined only in EN 302 217-2-2 [i.2].

When more than one actual standardized RPE falls within the same class template, a sub-class indicative (A, B, C, etc.)

will be used according their more demanding RPE limit in angles closer to the intended direction.

NOTE: Figures 1 to 3 report limit templates for any actual RPE mask of classes 2, 3 and 4 antennas; class 1

antennas are defined as those which actual RPE mask exceeds class 2 limit template.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1:2009
8 ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2009-03)
Class 2
Class 3
Class 4
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
0 102030405060 708090 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Figure 1: Co-polar limit templates for actual RPE masks of antenna classes
in the range 1 GHz to 3 GHz (see table 1)
Class 2
Class 3
Class 4
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axi
...

ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2009-03)
European Standard (Telecommunications series)
Fixed Radio Systems;
Characteristics and requirements
for point-to-point equipment and antennas;
Part 4-1: System-dependent requirements for antennas
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2009-03)
Reference
REN/ATTM-04008
Keywords
antenna, DFRS, DRRS, FWA, point-to-point,
transmission
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88
Important notice
Individual copies of the present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org

The present document may be made available in more than one electronic version or in print. In any case of existing or

perceived difference in contents between such versions, the reference version is the Portable Document Format (PDF).

In case of dispute, the reference shall be the printing on ETSI printers of the PDF version kept on a specific network drive

within ETSI Secretariat.

Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at

http://portal.etsi.org/tb/status/status.asp

If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services:

http://portal.etsi.org/chaircor/ETSI_support.asp
Copyright Notification
No part may be reproduced except as authorized by written permission.
The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© European Telecommunications Standards Institute 2009.
All rights reserved.
TM TM TM TM

DECT , PLUGTESTS , UMTS , TIPHON , the TIPHON logo and the ETSI logo are Trade Marks of ETSI registered

for the benefit of its Members.

3GPP is a Trade Mark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

LTE™ is a Trade Mark of ETSI currently being registered
for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

GSM® and the GSM logo are Trade Marks registered and owned by the GSM Association.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2009-03)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 4

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 4

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 5

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 5

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 5

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 6

3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations ................................................................................................... 6

3.1 Definitions .......................................................................................................................................................... 6

3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 6

3.3 Abbreviations ..................................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Frequency bands ....................................................................................................................................... 7

5 Classification of antennas ......................................................................................................................... 7

5.1 Templates for definition of Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) classes ............................................................. 7

5.2 Cross-Polar Discrimination (XPD) categories.................................................................................................. 10

6 Electrical characteristics ......................................................................................................................... 10

6.1 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) ................................................................................................................... 10

6.2 Cross-Polar Discrimination (XPD) ................................................................................................................... 11

6.3 Antenna gain .................................................................................................................................................... 11

Annex A (normative): Standardized Radiation Pattern Envelopes for class 1 antennas in

bands 3 GHz to 86 GHz ................................................................................. 12

Annex B (informative): Additional information .................................................................................. 17

B.1 Mechanical characteristics ..................................................................................................................... 17

B.1.1 Environmental characteristics .......................................................................................................................... 17

B.1.2 Wind ratings ..................................................................................................................................................... 17

B.1.3 Antenna stability .............................................................................................................................................. 17

B.2 Antenna input connectors ....................................................................................................................... 18

B.3 Return loss at the input ports .................................................................................................................. 18

B.4 Inter-port isolation .................................................................................................................................. 18

B.5 Antenna labelling ................................................................................................................................... 18

Annex C (informative): Antenna gain and radiation pattern information ....................................... 19

C.1 Impact of antenna gain on the frequency planning ................................................................................ 19

C.2 Gain and typical radiation pattern for circular-symmetric antennas ...................................................... 19

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 21

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
4 ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2009-03)
Intellectual Property Rights

IPRs essential or potentially essential to the present document may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (http://webapp.etsi.org/IPR/home.asp).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Foreword

This European Standard (Telecommunications series) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Access,

Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM).

The present document is part 4-1 of a multi-part deliverable. Full details of the entire series can be found in part 1 [3].

National transposition dates
Date of adoption of this EN: 19 March 2009
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 30 June 2009
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 31 December 2009
Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 31 December 2009
Introduction

The purpose of the present document is to define antenna parameters, which are relevant to Fixed Radio Systems (FRS),

including those considered essential for conformity to the R&TTE Directive [1]. Limits are set out in

EN 302 217-4-2 [4].

Additional parameters appropriate to system implementation may be subject to agreement between the equipment

purchaser and supplier. Further guidance is provided in annex B.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
5 ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2009-03)
1 Scope

The present document summarizes all requirements for single main beam, linear polarization, directional antennas to be

adopted in conjunction with Point-to-Point (PP) systems operating in the frequency range 1 GHz to 86 GHz.

Single polarization antennas, dual polarization antennas, dual band/single polarized antennas and dual band/dual

polarization antennas are considered.

Description and limits for parameters relevant to essential requirements under article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive [1]

are given in EN 302 217-4-2 [4].

For other parameters and general information that does not affect the R&TTE Directive [1] "essential requirements"

mentioned above, description and limits are set out in the present document.

There are a number of different antenna types for various applications, the principles by which they are classified are

given in clause 5.

The present document does not cover aspects related to test procedures and test conditions, which are covered by the

scope of EN 301 126-3-1 [2].

Guidance on the definition of radio parameters relevant to the essential requirements under article 3.2 of the

R&TTE Directive [1] for DFRS may be found in TR 101 506 [i.1].
2 References

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or non-

specific.
• For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.

• Non-specific reference may be made only to a complete document or a part thereof and only in the following

cases:

- if it is accepted that it will be possible to use all future changes of the referenced document for the

purposes of the referring document;
- for informative references.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

http://docbox.etsi.org/Reference.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.
2.1 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of the present document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For non-specific references, the latest edition of the referenced document

(including any amendments) applies.

[1] Directive 1999/5/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 1999 on radio

equipment and telecommunications terminal equipment and the mutual recognition of their

conformity (R&TTE Directive).

[2] ETSI EN 301 126-3-1: "Fixed Radio Systems; Conformance testing; Part 3-1: Point-to-Point

antennas; Definitions, general requirements and test procedures".

[3] ETSI EN 302 217-1: "Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and requirements for point-to-point

equipment and antennas; Part 1: Overview and system-independent common characteristics".

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
6 ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2009-03)

[4] ETSI EN 302 217-4-2: "Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and requirements for point-to-point

equipment and antennas; Part 4-2: Harmonized EN covering essential requirements of Article 3.2

of R&TTE Directive for antennas".
[5] IEC 60154-1: "Flanges for waveguides. Part 1: General requirements".

[6] IEC 60154-2: "Flanges for waveguides. Part 2: Relevant specifications for flanges for ordinary

rectangular waveguides".

[7] IEC 60169-1: "Radio-frequency connectors. Part 1: General requirements and measuring

methods".
2.2 Informative references

The following referenced documents are not essential to the use of the present document but they assist the user with

regard to a particular subject area. For non-specific references, the latest version of the referenced document (including

any amendments) applies.

[i.1] ETSI TR 101 506: "Fixed Radio Systems; Generic definitions, terminology and applicability of

essential requirements under the article 3.2 of 1999/05/EC Directive to Fixed Radio Systems".

[i.2] ETSI EN 302 217-2-2: "Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and requirements for point-to-point

equipment and antennas; Part 2-2: Harmonized EN covering essential requirements of Article 3.2

of R&TTE Directive for digital systems operating in frequency bands where frequency co-

ordination is applied".

[i.3] ETSI TR 102 243-1: "Fixed Radio Systems; Representative values for transmitter power and

antenna gain to support inter- and intra-compatibility and sharing analysis; Part 1: Digital point-to-

point systems".

[i.4] ETSI EN 302 217-2-1: "Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and requirements for point-to-point

equipment and antennas; Part 2-1: System-dependent requirements for digital systems operating in

frequency bands where frequency co-ordination is applied".

[i.5] ITU-R Recommendation F.699: "Reference radiation patterns for fixed wireless system antennas

for use in coordination studies and interference assessment in the frequency range from 100 MHz

to about 70 GHz".
3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Definitions

For the purposes of the present document, the terms and definitions given in EN 302 217-1 [3] apply.

3.2 Symbols

For the purposes of the present document, the symbols given in EN 302 217-1 [3] apply.

3.3 Abbreviations

For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in EN 302 217-1 [3] apply.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
7 ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2009-03)
4 Frequency bands

The present document defines the characteristics and requirements of antennas in the frequency range from 1 GHz to

86 GHz.

For technical commonalities that range is here divided into sub-ranges as follows:

Range 0: 1 GHz to 3 GHz;
Range 1: 3 GHz to 14 GHz;
Range 2: 14 GHz to 20 GHz;
Range 3: 20 GHz to 24 GHz;
Range 4: 24 GHz to 30 GHz;
Range 5: 30 GHz to 47 GHz;
Range 6: 47 GHz to 66 GHz;
Range 7: 66 GHz to 86 GHz.
5 Classification of antennas

Antenna classification presented in the present document is based on RPE and XPD parameters.

5.1 Templates for definition of Radiation Pattern Envelope
(RPE) classes

The RPE directional characteristic (co-polar and cross-polar) impacts the interference situation in the network planning

and a trade-off between a highly demanding RPE and the cost/size/weight of the antennas, compatible with the

constraints given by present and future networks is then advisable.

With respect to the Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), four classes (RPE classes 1 to 4) have been identified according

maximum co-polar limit templates for any actual RPE mask in significant range of off-axis azimuth angles. The

templates for subdivision in those classes are also depending on given frequency ranges of operation according to

figures 1 to 3 and table 1.

Figures 1 to 3 are intended only as templates for defining subdivision of antennas in directivity classes; actual

limits options for declaration of conformance to essential requirements under article 3.2 of the R&TTE

Directive [1] are defined only in EN 302 217-2-2 [i.2].

When more than one actual standardized RPE falls within the same class template, a sub-class indicative (A, B, C, etc.)

will be used according their more demanding RPE limit in angles closer to the intended direction.

NOTE: Figures 1 to 3 report limit templates for any actual RPE mask of classes 2, 3 and 4 antennas; class 1

antennas are defined as those which actual RPE mask exceeds class 2 limit template.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
8 ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2009-03)
Class 2
Class 3
Class 4
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
0 102030405060 708090 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Figure 1: Co-polar limit templates for actual RPE masks of antenna classes
in the range 1 GHz to 3 GHz (see table 1)
Class 2
Class 3
Class 4
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Figure 2: Co-polar limit templates for actual RPE masks of antenna classes
in the range 3 GHz to 30 GHz (see table 1)
ETSI
Maximum Gain (dBi)
Maximum Gain (dBi)
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
9 ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2009-03)
Class 2
Class 3
Class 4
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
0 102
...

Final draft ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2008-11)
European Standard (Telecommunications series)
Fixed Radio Systems;
Characteristics and requirements
for point-to-point equipment and antennas;
Part 4-1: System-dependent requirements for antennas
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 Final draft ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2008-11)
Reference
REN/ATTM-04008
Keywords
antenna, DFRS, DRRS, FWA, point-to-point,
transmission
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© European Telecommunications Standards Institute 2008.
All rights reserved.
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ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 Final draft ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2008-11)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 4

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 4

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 5

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 5

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 5

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 6

3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations ................................................................................................... 6

3.1 Definitions .......................................................................................................................................................... 6

3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 6

3.3 Abbreviations ..................................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Frequency bands ....................................................................................................................................... 7

5 Classification of antennas ......................................................................................................................... 7

5.1 Templates for definition of Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) classes ............................................................. 7

5.2 Cross-Polar Discrimination (XPD) categories.................................................................................................. 10

6 Electrical characteristics ......................................................................................................................... 10

6.1 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) ................................................................................................................... 10

6.2 Cross-Polar Discrimination (XPD) ................................................................................................................... 11

6.3 Antenna gain .................................................................................................................................................... 11

Annex A (normative): Standardized Radiation Pattern Envelopes for class 1 antennas in

bands 3 GHz to 86 GHz ................................................................................. 12

Annex B (informative): Additional information .................................................................................. 17

B.1 Mechanical characteristics ..................................................................................................................... 17

B.1.1 Environmental characteristics .......................................................................................................................... 17

B.1.2 Wind ratings ..................................................................................................................................................... 17

B.1.3 Antenna stability .............................................................................................................................................. 17

B.2 Antenna input connectors ....................................................................................................................... 18

B.3 Return loss at the input ports .................................................................................................................. 18

B.4 Inter-port isolation .................................................................................................................................. 18

B.5 Antenna labelling ................................................................................................................................... 18

Annex C (informative): Antenna gain and radiation pattern information ....................................... 19

C.1 Impact of antenna gain on the frequency planning ................................................................................ 19

C.2 Gain and typical radiation pattern for circular-symmetric antennas ...................................................... 19

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 21

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
4 Final draft ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2008-11)
Intellectual Property Rights

IPRs essential or potentially essential to the present document may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (http://webapp.etsi.org/IPR/home.asp).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Foreword

This European Standard (Telecommunications series) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Access,

Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM), and is now submitted for the ETSI standards One-step Approval

Procedure.

The present document is part 4-1 of a multi-part deliverable. Full details of the entire series can be found in part 1 [3].

Proposed national transposition dates
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 3 months after ETSI publication
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 6 months after doa

Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 6 months after doa

Introduction

The purpose of the present document is to define antenna parameters, which are relevant to Fixed Radio Systems (FRS),

including those considered essential for conformity to the R&TTE Directive [1]. Limits are set out in

EN 302 217-4-2 [4].

Additional parameters appropriate to system implementation may be subject to agreement between the equipment

purchaser and supplier. Further guidance is provided in annex B.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
5 Final draft ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2008-11)
1 Scope

The present document summarizes all requirements for single main beam, linear polarization, directional antennas to be

adopted in conjunction with Point-to-Point (PP) systems operating in the frequency range 1 GHz to 86 GHz.

Single polarization antennas, dual polarization antennas, dual band/single polarized antennas and dual band/dual

polarization antennas are considered.

Description and limits for parameters relevant to essential requirements under article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive [1]

are given in EN 302 217-4-2 [4].

For other parameters and general information that does not affect the R&TTE Directive [1] "essential requirements"

mentioned above, description and limits are set out in the present document.

There are a number of different antenna types for various applications, the principles by which they are classified are

given in clause 5.

The present document does not cover aspects related to test procedures and test conditions, which are covered by the

scope of EN 301 126-3-1 [2].

Guidance on the definition of radio parameters relevant to the essential requirements under article 3.2 of the

R&TTE Directive [1] for DFRS may be found in TR 101 506 [i.1].
2 References

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or non-

specific.
• For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.

• Non-specific reference may be made only to a complete document or a part thereof and only in the following

cases:

- if it is accepted that it will be possible to use all future changes of the referenced document for the

purposes of the referring document;
- for informative references.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

http://docbox.etsi.org/Reference.

For online referenced documents, information sufficient to identify and locate the source shall be provided. Preferably,

the primary source of the referenced document should be cited, in order to ensure traceability. Furthermore, the

reference should, as far as possible, remain valid for the expected life of the document. The reference shall include the

method of access to the referenced document and the full network address, with the same punctuation and use of upper

case and lower case letters.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.
2.1 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of the present document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For non-specific references, the latest edition of the referenced document

(including any amendments) applies.

[1] Directive 1999/5/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 1999 on radio

equipment and telecommunications terminal equipment and the mutual recognition of their

conformity (R&TTE Directive).
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
6 Final draft ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2008-11)

[2] ETSI EN 301 126-3-1: "Fixed Radio Systems; Conformance testing; Part 3-1: Point-to-Point

antennas; Definitions, general requirements and test procedures".

[3] ETSI EN 302 217-1: "Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and requirements for point-to-point

equipment and antennas; Part 1: Overview and system-independent common characteristics".

[4] ETSI EN 302 217-4-2: "Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and requirements for point-to-point

equipment and antennas; Part 4-2: Harmonized EN covering essential requirements of Article 3.2

of R&TTE Directive for antennas".
[5] IEC 60154-1: "Flanges for waveguides. Part 1: General requirements".

[6] IEC 60154-2: "Flanges for waveguides. Part 2: Relevant specifications for flanges for ordinary

rectangular waveguides".

[7] IEC 60169-1: "Radio-frequency connectors. Part 1: General requirements and measuring

methods".
2.2 Informative references

The following referenced documents are not essential to the use of the present document but they assist the user with

regard to a particular subject area. For non-specific references, the latest version of the referenced document (including

any amendments) applies.

[i.1] ETSI TR 101 506: "Fixed Radio Systems; Generic definitions, terminology and applicability of

essential requirements under the article 3.2 of 1999/05/EC Directive to Fixed Radio Systems".

[i.2] ETSI EN 302 217-2-2: "Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and requirements for point-to-point

equipment and antennas; Part 2-2: Harmonized EN covering essential requirements of Article 3.2

of R&TTE Directive for digital systems operating in frequency bands where frequency co-

ordination is applied".

[i.3] ETSI TR 102 243-1: "Fixed Radio Systems; Representative values for transmitter power and

antenna gain to support inter- and intra-compatibility and sharing analysis; Part 1: Digital point-to-

point systems".

[i.4] ETSI EN 302 217-2-1: "Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and requirements for point-to-point

equipment and antennas; Part 2-1: System-dependent requirements for digital systems operating in

frequency bands where frequency co-ordination is applied".

[i.5] ITU-R Recommendation F.699: "Reference radiation patterns for fixed wireless system antennas

for use in coordination studies and interference assessment in the frequency range from 100 MHz

to about 70 GHz".
3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Definitions

For the purposes of the present document, the terms and definitions given in EN 302 217-1 [3] apply.

3.2 Symbols

For the purposes of the present document, the symbols given in EN 302 217-1 [3] apply.

3.3 Abbreviations

For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in EN 302 217-1 [3] apply.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
7 Final draft ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2008-11)
4 Frequency bands

The present document defines the characteristics and requirements of antennas in the frequency range from 1 GHz to

86 GHz.

For technical commonalities that range is here divided into sub-ranges as follows:

Range 0: 1 GHz to 3 GHz;
Range 1: 3 GHz to 14 GHz;
Range 2: 14 GHz to 20 GHz;
Range 3: 20 GHz to 24 GHz;
Range 4: 24 GHz to 30 GHz;
Range 5: 30 GHz to 47 GHz;
Range 6: 47 GHz to 66 GHz;
Range 7: 66 GHz to 86 GHz.
5 Classification of antennas

Antenna classification presented in the present document is based on RPE and XPD parameters.

5.1 Templates for definition of Radiation Pattern Envelope
(RPE) classes

The RPE directional characteristic (co-polar and cross-polar) impacts the interference situation in the network planning

and a trade-off between a highly demanding RPE and the cost/size/weight of the antennas, compatible with the

constraints given by present and future networks is then advisable.

With respect to the Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), four classes (RPE classes 1 to 4) have been identified according

maximum co-polar limit templates for any actual RPE mask in significant range of off-axis azimuth angles. The

templates for subdivision in those classes are also depending on given frequency ranges of operation according to

figures 1 to 3 and table 1.

Figures 1 to 3 are intended only as templates for defining subdivision of antennas in directivity classes; actual

limits options for declaration of conformance to essential requirements under article 3.2 of the R&TTE

Directive [1] are defined only in EN 302 217-2-2 [i.2].

When more than one actual standardized RPE falls within the same class template, a sub-class indicative (A, B, C, etc.)

will be used according their more demanding RPE limit in angles closer to the intended direction.

NOTE: Figures 1 to 3 report limit templates for any actual RPE mask of classes 2, 3 and 4 antennas; class 1

antennas are defined as those which actual RPE mask exceeds class 2 limit template.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
8 Final draft ETSI EN 302 217-4-1 V1.3.1 (2008-11)
Class 2
Class 3
Class 4
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
0 102030405060 708090 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Figure 1: Co-polar limit templates for actual RPE masks of antenna classes
in the range 1 GHz to 3 GHz (see table 1)
Class 2
Class 3
Class 4
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Figure 2: Co-polar limit templates for actual RPE masks of antenna classes
in the range 3 GHz to 30 GHz (see table 1)
ETSI
Maximum Gain (dBi)
Maximum Gain (dBi)
...

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