The present document specifies technical characteristics and methods of measurements for fixed and in-motion Earth
Stations communicating with non-geostationary satellite systems (NEST) in the 11 GHz to 14 GHz FSS frequency
bands, which have the following characteristics:
• The NEST is designed for both in-motion and stationary operation.
• The NEST operates in-motion on various platforms such as trains, maritime vessels, aircraft and other vehicles
and, therefore, may be subject to occasional disturbances and interruptions in the satellite link.
• The NEST is operating as part of a satellite system used for the provision of broadband communications.
• The NEST is comprised of all the equipment, electrical and mechanical, from the antenna itself to the interface
with other communications equipment on a mobile platform.
• The NEST comprises one or more emitters and the system overview as given in Figure 1 should be interpreted
accordingly.
• The transmit and receive frequencies are shown in Table 1.ž
The NEST transmits within the frequency range from 14,0 GHz to 14,50 GHz.
• The NEST receives within the range from 10,70 GHz to 12,75 GHz. The NEST transmits at elevation angles
of 35° or greater, relative to the horizontal plane.
• The NEST uses linear or circular polarization.
• The NEST communicates with non-geostationary satellites.
• The NEST is designed for unattended operation.
• The NEST is controlled and monitored by a Network Control Facility (NCF). The NCF is outside the scope of
the present document.The present document applies to the NEST with its ancillary equipment and its various telecommunication ports, and
when operated within the boundary limits of the operational environmental profile as declared by the manufacturer and
when installed as required by the manufacturer's declaration or in the user documentation.

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The present document specifies certain minimum technical performance requirements of Aircraft Earth Station (AES)
equipment with both transmit and receive capabilities for provision of aeronautical mobile satellite service, in the
frequency bands given in table 1.
The AES has the following characteristics:
• These AESs are equipment for installation on aircraft.
• The AESs transmit in the 14,00 GHz to 14,50 GHz band receive within the range from 10,70 GHz to
12,75 GHz ("14 GHz"), referred to as "14 GHz AES" in the present document, are operating in one or more
frequency ranges of the Fixed-Satellite Service and Mobile-Satellite Service.
• The AESs transmit in the 12,75 GHz to 13,25 GHz band receive within the range from 10,70 GHz to
12,75 GHz ("13 GHz"), referred to as "13 GHz AES" in the present document, are operating in one or more
frequency ranges of the Fixed-Satellite Service.
NOTE 1: When the term "AES" used in the present document without stating 13 GHz AES or 14 GHz AES, it is a
reference to both 14 GHz AES and 13 GHz AES.
• The AES could consist of a number of modules from the antenna subsystem to the user interfaces.
• The AES uses linear polarization.
• The AES system uses digital modulation.
• The 14 GHz AES operates through a GSO satellite at least 3° away from any other geostationary satellite
operating in the same frequency band and covering the same area.
• The 13 GHz AES operates with a GSO satellite network whose frequency assignments are from the List of
Appendix 30B of the Radio Regulations.
• The antenna of the AES is directional, with means of tracking the satellites, which can be achieved by using
either an active phase array or reflective type configuration.
• These AESs are operating as part of a satellite network used for the distribution and/or exchange of
information between users.
• These AESs are controlled and monitored by a Network Control Facility (NCF). The NCF is outside the scope
of the present document.
• When on the ground, the 14 GHz AES does not transmit at elevation angles below 7° with respect to the local
horizontal plane, except at locations where transmissions below 7° are permitted by the local Administration;
(the minimum elevation angle is also limited as per clause 4.2).
The technical requirements in the present document are in two major categories:
• emission limits: to protect other radio services and systems from harmful interference generated by the AES
in normal use;
• AES Control and Monitoring Functions (CMFs): to protect other radio services and systems from unwanted
transmissions from the AES. The CMF in each AES is capable of answering to commands from the Network
Control Facility (NCF) for its supporting satellite network.
The present document applies to the AESs with their ancillary equipment and its various ports, and when operated
within the boundary limits of the operational environmental profile specified by the manufacturer.
The technical requirements for the 14 GHz AES in regard to the Power Flux Density (PFD) limits to protect Fixed
Service (FS) and Radio Astronomy Service (RAS) are based on annexes B and C of Recommendation ITU-R
M.1643 [5] and ECC Report 26 [i.4]. Furthermore, in relation to the protection of the Fixed Satellite Service (FSS) the
technical requirements of the AES take into account annex A of Recommendation ITU-R M.1643 [5].
The technical requirements for the 13 GHz AES in regards to the PFD limits on earth for the protection of FS are based
on the ECC Decision (19)04 [6].
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.7] (RE Directive) article 3.2,
which states that "… radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively and supports the use of radio
spectrum allocated in order to avoid harmful interference".
NOTE 2: The relationship between the present document and essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive
2014/53/EU [i.7] is given in a

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The present document applies to Land Mobile Earth Stations (LMESs) and Maritime Mobile Earth Stations (MMESs)
radio equipment with an EIRP of greater than or equal to 15 dBW and less than or equal to 33 dBW and which have the
following characteristics:
• the LMES could be either vehicle mounted or portable equipment;
• these MMESs are installable equipment on ships;
• these LMESs and MMESs are controlled and monitored by a Network Control Facility (NCF). The NCF is
outside the scope of the present document;
• the LMES and MMES operate through geostationary satellites as part of a network providing voice and/or data
communications;
• these LMESs and MMESs operate with user bit-rates greater than 9,6 kbits/s;
• the LMES and MMESs are capable of operating in any combination of all or any part of the frequency ranges
sub-band 1 and sub-band 2 defined in table 1a.

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The present document specifies technical characteristics and methods of measurements for fixed and in-motion Earth
Stations communicating with non-geostationary satellite systems (WBES) in the 11 GHz to 14 GHz FSS frequency
bands, which have the following characteristics:
• The WBES is further defined as one of two classes of Earth stations, class A and class B. The clauses in the
present document apply to both classes unless separately delineated.
• The WBES is designed for both in-motion and stationary operation.
• The WBES operates in-motion on various platforms such as trains, maritime vessels, aircraft and other
vehicles and, therefore, may be subject to occasional disturbances and interruptions in the satellite link.
• The WBES is operating as part of a satellite system used for the provision of broadband communications.
• The WBES is comprised of all the equipment, electrical and mechanical, from the antenna itself to the
interface with other communications equipment on a mobile platform.
• The WBES comprises one or more emitters and the system overview as given in figure 1 should be interpreted
accordingly.
• The transmit and receive frequencies are shown in table 1.
The WBES transmits within the frequency range from 14,0 GHz to 14,50 GHz.
• The WBES receives within the range from 10,70 GHz to 12,75 GHz.
• The Class A WBES transmits at elevation angles of 50° or greater, relative to the horizontal plane.
• The Class B WBES transmits at elevation angles of 25° or greater, relative to the horizontal plane.
• The WBES uses linear or circular polarization.
• The WBES communicates with non-geostationary satellites.
• The WBES is designed for unattended operation.
• The WBES is controlled and monitored by a Network Control Facility (NCF). The NCF is outside the scope of
the present document.
The present document applies to the WBES with its ancillary equipment and its various telecommunication ports, and
when operated within the boundary limits of the operational environmental profile as declared by the manufacturer and
when installed as required by the manufacturer's declaration or in the user documentation.
NOTE: The relationship between the present document and essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive
2014/53/EU [i.7] is given in annex A.

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The present document covers requirements to demonstrate that radio equipment both effectively uses and supports the
efficient use of radio spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference. The present document applies to satellite
communications Earth Stations (ES) with the following characteristics:
• The ES is designed for stationary operation.
• The ES is operating as part of a satellite network (e.g. star, mesh or point to point) used for the distribution
and/or exchange of information.
• The transmit and receive frequencies are shown in table 1.
The ES transmits within the frequency range from 27,5 GHz to 29,1 GHz and 29,5 GHz to 30,0 GHz, which is
a band allocated to the Fixed Satellite Services (FSS) (Earth-to-space) among other services. National
regulations will specify the bands available for the operation of the ES. Such regulations may designate some
parts of the frequency range 27,5 GHz to 29,1 GHz to terrestrial services such as the Fixed Service. However,
the operation of the ES may be permitted under national regulations in the 29,50 GHz to 30,00 GHz band since
this band is allocated on a primary basis to the Fixed Satellite Service.
• The ES receives in one or more frequencies within the range from 17,30 GHz to 20,20 GHz (FSS).
• The ES uses linear or circular polarization.
• The ES operates through non-geostationary satellites.
• The ES is designed for unattended operation.
• The ES is controlled and monitored by a Network Control Facility (NCF). This function may be performed
centrally (e.g. for a network of ESs with a central hub) or it could be performed within the ES for autonomous
control. The NCF is outside the scope of the present document.
• The ES operating in the 27,5 GHz to 28,6 GHz and 29,5 GHz to 30 GHz bands: epfd limits given in article 22
of the ITU Radio Regulations [i.5] apply for the ESs operating with the NGSO system for the protection of the
GSO networks (see No. 22.5D of the ITU RR [i.5]).
• ES operating in the 28,6 GHz to 29,1 GHz band: No. 9.11A of the ITU RR [i.5] applies to the NGSO network
of the ES, meaning that the NGSO will be required to coordinate with earlier filed GSO networks or NGSO
systems (See No. 5.523A of the ITU RR [i.5]).
• The ES has one or more directive antennas that track satellites.
The present document applies to the ES with its ancillary equipment and its various telecommunication ports, and when
operated within the boundary limits of the operational environmental profile as declared by the manufacturer and when
installed as required by the manufacturer's declaration or in the user documentation.
NOTE 1: Operational requirements are defined by national administrations and by relevant ECC Decisions.
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements
under other parts of article 3 of the Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present
document.
NOTE 2: A list of such ENs is included on the web site http://www.newapproach.org.
NOTE 3: The relationship between the present document and essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive
2014/53/EU [i.1] is given in annex A.

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Like the other ENs of the whole series, this EN deals with the use of GNSS-based positioning terminals (GBPT) in road Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS). GNSS-based positioning means that the system providing position data, more precisely Position, Velocity and Time (PVT) data, comprises at least a GNSS receiver and, potentially, for performance improvement, other additional sensor data or sources of information that can be hybridized with GNSS data.
This new EN proposes testing procedures, based on the replay of data recorded during field tests, to assess the basic performances of any GBPT for a given use case described by an operational scenario. These tests address the basic performance features Availability, Continuity, Accuracy and Integrity of the PVT information, but also the Time-To-First-Fix (TTFF) performance feature, as they are described in EN 16803-1, considering that there is no particular security attack affecting the SIS during the operation. This EN does not cover the assessment tests of the timing performances other than TTFF, which do not need field data and can preferably be executed in the lab with current instruments.
"Record and Replay" (R&R) tests consist in replaying in a laboratory environment GNSS SIS data, and potentially additional sensor data, recorded in specific operational conditions thanks to a specific test vehicle. The dataset comprising GNSS SIS data and potential sensor data resulting from these field tests, together with the corresponding metadata description file, is called a "test scenario". A dataset is composed of several data files.
This EN 16803-3 addresses the "Replay" part of the test scenario data set. It does not address the "Record" part, although it describes as informative information the whole R&R process. This "Record" part will be covered by EN 16803-4 under preparation.
Although the EN 16803 series concerns the GNSS-based positioning terminals and not only the GNSS receivers, the present release of this EN addresses only the replay process of GNSS only terminals. The reason is that the process of replaying in the lab additional sensor data, especially when these sensors are capturing the vehicle’s motion, is generally very complex and not mature enough to be standardized today. It would need open standardized interfaces in the GBPT as well as standardized sensor error models and is not ready to be standardized. But, the procedure described in the present EN has been designed to be extended to GBPT hybridizing GNSS and vehicle sensors in the future.
This EN 16803-3 does not address R&R tests when specific radio frequency signals simulating security attacks are added to the SIS. This case is specifically the topic of EN 16803-3.
Once standardized assessment tests procedures have been established, it is possible to set minimum performance requirements for various intelligent transport applications but it makes sense to separate the assessment tests issue from minimum performance requirements, because the same test procedure may be applicable to many applications, but the minimum performance requirements typically vary from one application to another. So, this EN does not set minimum performance requirements for any application.

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EN 16803-1 addresses the final stage of the performance management approach, i.e. the assessment of the whole Road ITS system performance equipped with a given Positioning System, using the Sensitivity analysis method.
EN 16803-1 addresses the identification and the definition the positioning performance features and metrics required for Positioning System assessment.
This document gives definitions of the various items to be considered when specifying an Operational scenario and provides a method to compare finely two environments with respect to their effects on GNSS positioning performance.
This document gives definition of the most important terms used all along the document and describes the architecture of a Road ITS system based on GNSS as it is intended in this standard.
This document does not address:
-   the performance metrics to be used to define the Road ITS system performance requirements, highly depending on the use case and the will of the owner of the system;
-   the performance requirements of the various kinds of Road ITS systems;
-   the tests that are necessary to assess Positioning System performances (Record and Replay tests for this purpose will be addressed by prEN 16803-2 and prEN 16803-3.

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This document shall be considered as a complementary standard to EN 16803-2 that is intended to assessment of the performances of a GBPT placed in real-life or simulated road environments. This document is instead specifically targeting security attacks such as interferences, jamming, meaconing or spoofing. This document cannot be applied independently from EN 16803-2 that describes in details the general methodology of the assessment procedure.
This document provides normative information necessary to replay in the lab standardized scenarios specifically dedicated to security tests applied to GNSS.
Depending on the case (jamming or spoofing), these scenarios are composed of data sets combining either real life recorded SIS and jamming signals or simulated SIS and spoofing signals. The reason for that will be explained in Clause 6.
Although a high-level categorization of GNSS attacks is given in Annex A, a comprehensive and detailed categorization of possible GNSS attacks is out of the scope of this document.
It is not the aim of this EN to standardize the record procedure neither to define the specific requirements for the generation of the attack scenarios. The record procedure itself and its quality framework for accredited GNSS-specialized laboratories (Lab-A), with the detailed definition of standardized attack scenarios, will be totally and precisely described in EN 16803-4 (under preparation). The list of attack scenarios will have to be regularly updated considering the evolution of GNSS technologies, emerging threats, and countermeasures.

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The objective is to analyse the security issues that can occur at the GNSS SIS level. In order to do so, a full taxonomy of the GNSS SIS attacks are proposed and GNSS SIS attack security model are elaborated and classified. Security metrics for the validation of the GBPT robustness performances are defined.
The proposed methodology for this technical report consists in three distinct steps that are described hereunder:
I. The first step consists in providing a full taxonomy of the possible GNSS Signal in Space attacks (voluntary or not) to be considered and identify their impact at GBPT level;
II. The second step consists in regrouping narrow sets of previouslyidentified GNSS SIS attacks into security attack models. For each security attack model, an assessment of the dangerousness based on beforehand identified key parameters and methodology will be provided;
III. The third step consists in providing definition of performance objectives, security control, security metrics, and a specific procedure for a robustness evaluation of a GBPT against the identified security attack models at step II.
The results will benefit to the EN16803-3 "Assessment of security performances of GNSS based positioning terminals"

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This document constitutes the main deliverable from WP1.1 of the GP-START project. It is devoted to a thorough review of the metrics defined in EN 16803-1 and proposes a performance classification for GNSS-based positioning terminals within designed for road applications. It will serve as one of the inputs to the elaboration of prEN 16803-2:2019 and prEN 16803-3:2019.
This document should serve as a starting point for discussion within CEN/CENELEC/JTC 5/WG1 on a consolidated set of performance metrics and associated classification logic. The proposals and conclusions appearing in this document are therefore only preliminary.

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This document constitutes the main deliverable from WP1.1 of the GP-START project. It is devoted to a thorough review of the metrics defined in EN 16803-1 and proposes a performance classification for GNSS-based positioning terminals within designed for road applications. It will serve as one of the inputs to the elaboration of prEN 16803-2:2019 and prEN 16803-3:2019.
This document should serve as a starting point for discussion within CEN/CENELEC/JTC 5/WG1 on a consolidated set of performance metrics and associated classification logic. The proposals and conclusions appearing in this document are therefore only preliminary.

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The present document specifies technical characteristics and methods of measurements for Point-to-point (P-P) Digital
Fixed Radio Systems (DFRS) operating in frequency bands allocated to Fixed Service (FS) from 1 GHz to 86 GHz,
corresponding to the appropriate frequency bands from 1,4 GHz to 86 GHz as described in annex B to annex J.
Systems in the scope of the present document are generally intended to operate in full frequency division duplex (FDD)
and covers also unidirectional applications. Time division duplex (TDD) applications, when possibly applicable in a
specific band, are explicitly mentioned as appropriate in annex B through annex J.
The present document covers requirements to demonstrate that radio equipment both effectively uses and supports the
efficient use of radio spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference
NOTE: The relationship between the present document and the essential requirements of article 3.2 of
Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1] is given in annex A.

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The present document applies to Digital Fixed Radio Systems (DFRS) in point-to-point operation with integral and
external antennas in the frequency range of 1 GHz to 86 GHz corresponding to the appropriate frequency bands
1,4 GHz to 86 GHz as described in ETSI EN 302 217-2 [18], annex B to annex J.
The present document summarizes:
• all characteristics, principles and, of utmost importance, terms and definitions that are common to all
P-P equipment and antennas and its consultation is necessary when using all other parts of ETSI EN 302 217
series;
• all system-dependent requirements for Point-to-Point (P-P) equipment. These requirements are introduced in
two different clauses sub-sets:
- Main requirements are requirements that are also related to the "essential requirements" under
article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1] and further detailed in the Harmonised Standard ETSI
EN 302 217-2 [18].
- Complementary requirements are requirements that are not related to essential requirements under
article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1]. Nevertheless they have been commonly agreed for proper
system operation and deployment when specific deployment conditions or compatibility requirements are
present. Compliance to all or some of these requirements is left to manufacturer decision.
Technical background for most of the parameters and requirements referred to in this multi-part deliverable may be
found in ETSI TR 101 036-1 [i.16].
Health and safety requirements and EMC conditions and requirements are not considered in the ETSI EN 302 217
series.

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This document is written in the frame of WP1.3 of GP-START project. It discusses several models to provide synthetic data for PVT tracks and the ways to analyse and compare the tracks to ensure these are similar to the reality.

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This document is written in the frame of WP1.3 of GP-START project. It discusses several models to provide synthetic data for PVT tracks and the ways to analyse and compare the tracks to ensure these are similar to the reality.

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The present document, together with ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], covers the assessment of Earth Stations (ES) operated in
the frequency ranges between 4 GHz and 30 GHz in the Fixed Satellite Service (FSS) and associated ancillary
equipment in respect of Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC).
Technical specifications related to the antenna port and emissions from the enclosure port of the Earth Stations (ES) are
not included in the present document. Such technical specifications are found in the relevant product standards for the
effective use of the radio spectrum.
The present document specifies the applicable test conditions, performance assessment and the performance criteria for
the ESs, and associated ancillary equipment.
Definitions of the type of Earth Stations (ES) operated in the frequency ranges between 4 GHz and 30 GHz in the Fixed
Satellite Service (FSS) covered by the present document are given in annex B.
In case of differences (for instance concerning special conditions, definitions, abbreviations) between the present
document and ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], the provisions of the present document take precedence.
The environmental classification and the emission and immunity requirements used in the present document are as
stated in ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], except for any special conditions included in the present document. The applicable
environments referred to in ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1] where equipment covered by the scope of the present document
may be used, should be declared by the manufacturer.
NOTE: The relationship between the present document and essential requirements of article 3.1(b) of Directive
2014/53/EU [i.5] is given in annex A.

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The present document specifies technical characteristics and methods of measurements for fixed and in-motion Earth Stations communicating with non-geostationary satellite systems (NEST) in the 11 GHz to 14 GHz FSS frequency bands, which have the following characteristics:
• The NEST is designed for both in-motion and stationary operation.
• The NEST operates in-motion on various platforms such as trains, maritime vessels, aircraft and other vehicles and, therefore, may be subject to occasional disturbances and interruptions in the satellite link.
• The NEST is operating as part of a satellite system used for the provision of broadband communications.
• The NEST is comprised of all the equipment, electrical and mechanical, from the antenna itself to the interface with other communications equipment on a mobile platform.
• The NEST comprises one or more emitters and the system overview as given in figure 1 should be interpreted accordingly.
The NEST transmits within the frequency range from 14,0 GHz to 14,50 GHz.
• The NEST receives within the range from 10,70 GHz to 12,75 GHz.
• The NEST transmits at elevation angles relative to the local horizon of 50° or greater.
• The NEST uses linear or circular polarization.
• The NEST communicates with non-geostationary satellites.
• The NEST is designed for unattended operation.
• The NEST is controlled and monitored by a Network Control Facility (NCF). The NCF is outside the scope of the present document.
The present document applies to the NEST with its ancillary equipment and its various telecommunication ports, and when operated within the boundary limits of the operational environmental profile as declared by the applicant and when installed as required by the applicant's declaration or in the user documentation.

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The present document applies to Digital Fixed Radio Systems (DFRS) in point-to-point operation with integral and
external antennas in the frequency range of 1 GHz to 86 GHz corresponding to the appropriate frequency bands
1,4 GHz to 86 GHz as described in ETSI EN 302 217-2 [18], annex B to annex J.
The present document summarizes:
• all characteristics, principles and, of utmost importance, terms and definitions that are common to all
P-P equipment and antennas and its consultation is necessary when using all other parts of ETSI EN 302 217
series;
• all system-dependent requirements for Point-to-Point (P-P) equipment in applications deployed in bands where
frequency co-ordination is generally applied. These requirements are introduced in two different clauses
sub-sets:
- Main requirements are requirements that are also related to the "essential requirements" under
article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1] and further detailed in the Harmonised Standard ETSI
EN 302 217-2 [18].
- Complementary requirements are requirements that are not related to essential requirements under
article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1]. Nevertheless they have been commonly agreed for proper
system operation and deployment when specific deployment conditions or compatibility requirements are
present. Compliance to all or some of these requirements is left to manufacturer decision.
Technical background for most of the parameters and requirements referred to in this multi-part deliverable may be
found in ETSI TR 101 036-1 [i.16].
Health and safety requirements, relevant to article 3.1a of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1] are not considered in any part of
this ETSI EN 302 217 series. CENELEC is responsible for the relevant standards.
EMC conditions and requirements, relevant to article 3.1b of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1] and any other essential
requirement relevant to article 3.3 of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1] are not in the scope of any part of this ETSI
EN 302 217 series. EMC requirements may be found in ETSI EN 301 489-1 [i.11] and ETSI EN 301 489-4 [i.12].

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The present document specifies technical characteristics and methods of measurements for Very Small Aperture
Terminals (VSATs) equipment which have the following characteristics:
• The VSAT is operating in one or more frequency ranges in the part of the following bands allocated
exclusively to the Fixed Satellite Services (FSS):
- 14,00 GHz to 14,25 GHz (earth-to-space);
- 12,50 GHz to 12,75 GHz (space-to-earth);
or in the shared parts of the following bands, allocated to the FSS and Fixed Services (FS):
- 14,25 GHz to 14,50 GHz (earth-to-space);
- 10,70 GHz to 11,70 GHz (space-to-earth).
• The VSAT uses linear polarization.
• The VSAT operates through a geostationary satellite at least 3° away from any other geostationary satellite
operating in the same frequency band and covering the same area.
• The VSAT antenna diameter does not exceed 3,8 m, or equivalent effective area.
• The VSAT is either:
- a transmit only VSAT: designed for transmission only of radio-communications signals in any of the
frequency bands (earth-to-space) specified above; or
- a transmit and receive VSAT: designed for transmission and reception of radio-communications signals
in any of the frequency bands specified above; or
- a receive only VSAT: designed for reception only of radio-communications signals in any of the
frequency bands (space-earth) specified above.
• The VSAT is designed usually for unattended operation.
• The VSAT is operating as part of a satellite network (e.g. star, mesh or point-to-point) used for the distribution
and/or exchange of information between users.
• The transmit-only and transmit-and-receive VSAT is controlled and monitored by a Centralized Control and
Monitoring Function (CCMF). The CCMF is outside the scope of the present document.
The present document applies to the VSAT with its ancillary equipment and its various terrestrial ports, and when
operated within the boundary limits of the operational environmental profile declared by the applicant and when
installed as required by the applicant by declaration or in the user documentation.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.5] (RE Directive) article 3.2,
which states that "… radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use
of spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference".

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The present document defines the characteristics and requirements of antennas for point-to-point radio equipment
operating in the frequency range from 1 GHz to 86 GHz falling within the scope of ETSI EN 302 217-2 [i.4].
For technical commonalities that range is here divided into sub-ranges as follows:
Range 0: 1 GHz to 3 GHz;
Range 1: 3 GHz to 14 GHz;
Range 2: 14 GHz to 20 GHz;
Range 3: 20 GHz to 24 GHz;
Range 4: 24 GHz to 30 GHz;
Range 5: 30 GHz to 47 GHz;
Range 6: 47 GHz to 66 GHz;
Range 7: 66 GHz to 86 GHz.
The present document is applicable to fixed radio equipment with integral or dedicated antennas, and to stand-alone
antennas. In the latter case the present document may be used to provide guidance as to the information to be supplied
by a manufacturer as required by article 10 paragraph 8 of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.2].
The main body of the present document specifies the characteristics that define the various antenna classes, whilst the
annexes provide additional information that is useful to both antenna manufacturers and user/installers.

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The present document specifies technical characteristics and methods of measurements for Point-to-point (P-P) Digital
Fixed Radio Systems (DFRS) operating in frequency bands allocated to Fixed Service (FS) from 1 GHz to 86 GHz,
corresponding to the appropriate frequency bands from 1,4 GHz to 86 GHz as described in annex B to annex J.
Systems in the scope of the present document are generally intended to operate in full frequency division duplex (FDD)
and covers also unidirectional applications. Time division duplex (TDD) applications, when possibly applicable in a
specific band, are explicitly mentioned as appropriate in annex B through annex J.
The present document covers the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.1] under the
conditions identified in annex A.

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IEC 61587-6:2017 specifies security aspects and security performance levels of indoor cabinets in accordance with IEC 60917 and IEC 60297.
This document intends to clarify the relationship between the installation conditions and the security requirements for indoor cabinets, and to provide the required performances and test methods on mechanical components related with security provisions for indoor cabinets which are in accordance with IEC 60297 series and IEC 60917 series.

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IEC 61300-2-55:2017 describes the test procedure to measure the mounting strength of an optical adaptor or receptacle to a fixture.

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The present document applies to the following Mobile Earth Stations (MESs) radio equipment:
• Land Mobile Earth Stations (LMESs) radio equipment; and
• Maritime Mobile Earth Stations (MMESs) radio equipment not providing those distress and safety functions
required by the International Maritime Organization (IMO);
which have the following characteristics:
• these LMESs could be either vehicle mounted or portable equipment;
• these MMESs are installable equipment on ships;
• these MESs operate with user bit-rates of up to 9,6 kbits/s;
• these MESs could consist of a number of modules including a keyboard interface to the user;
• these MESs are operating as part of a satellite network used for the distribution and/or exchange of
information between users;
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.8] (RE Directive) article 3.2 which
states that "….radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio
spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference".
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements
under other parts of article 3 of the Directive 2014/53/EU [i.8] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present
document.
NOTE 1: A list of such ENs is included on the web site http://www.newapproach.org. The present document
applies to the MES operated within the boundary limits of the operational environmental profile declared
by the applicant.
NOTE 2: These MES are controlled and monitored by a Network Control Facility (NCF). The NCF is outside the
scope of the present document.

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The present document specifies certain minimum technical performance requirements of Aircraft Earth Station (AES)
equipment with both transmit and receive capabilities for operation in the Aeronautical Mobile Satellite Service
(AMSS)/Mobile Satellite Service (MSS), and/or in the Aeronautical Mobile Satellite on Route Service
(AMS(R)S)/Mobile Satellite Service (MSS).
The technical requirements in the present document are in three major categories:
• emission limits: to protect other radio services and systems from harmful interference generated by the AES
in normal use;
• AES Control and Monitoring Functions (CMF): to protect other radio services and systems from unwanted
transmissions from the AES. The CMF in each AES is capable of answering to commands from the Network
Control Facilities (NCF) for its supporting satellite network;
• receiver performance specifications: to enable reception of a wanted signal in presence of other high power
signals on the adjacent channel and/or adjacent band.
NOTE 1: The requirements for Network Control Facilities (NCF) for S-PCN MES transmitting in the 1 610 MHz to
1 626,5 MHz band or the 1 980 MHz to 2 010 MHz band are contained in ETSI ETS 300 735 [4]; these
requirements are also applicable to AES transmitting in those bands.
An AES may be subject to additional or alternative requirements in other standards depending on its functionality, in
particular if it supports a service which is considered a justified case for regulation of terminal equipment interworking
via the public telecommunications network. An AES will also be subject to additional airworthiness certification
requirements.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.4] (RE Directive) article 3.2 which
states that "Radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio
spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference".
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements
under other parts of article 3 of the RE Directive [i.4] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present
document.

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The present document applies to Land Mobile Earth Stations (LMESs) radio equipment with an EIRP less than or equal
to 33 dBW and which have the following characteristics:
• the LMES could be either vehicle mounted or portable equipment;
• these LMESs are controlled and monitored by a Network Control Facility (NCF). The NCF is outside the
scope of the present document;
• the LMES operate through geostationary satellites as part of a network providing voice and/or data
communications;
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.6] (RE Directive) article 3.2 which
states that "….radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio
spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference".
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements
under other parts of article 3 of the Directive 2014/53/UE [i.6] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present
document.
NOTE: A list of such ENs is included on the web site http://www.newapproach.org.

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The present document applies to the Receive-Only Mobile Earth Stations (ROMES) radio equipment operating under
the Land Mobile Satellite Service (LMSS), in the frequency band 1 518 MHz to 1 559 MHz (space-to-earth bands).
The ROMESs operate as part of a satellite system providing one-way data communications.
ROMESs could have several configurations, including:
• either Portable Equipment (PE) or vehicle Installed Equipment (IE);
• a number of modules including a display/control interface to the user.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.2] (RE Directive) article 3.2 which
states that "…radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio
spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference".
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements
under other parts of article 3 of the Directive 2014/53/EU [i.2] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present
document.

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The ESOMP is designed for both mobile and stationary operation.
• The ESOMP operates on various mobile platforms such as trains, maritime vessels, aircraft and other vehicles
and, therefore, may be subject to occasional disturbances and interruptions in the satellite link.
• The ESOMP is operating as part of a satellite network (e.g. star, mesh or point-to-point) used for the
distribution and/or exchange of information.
• The ESOMP is comprised of all the equipment, electrical and mechanical, from the antenna itself to the
interface with other communications equipment on a mobile platform (usually referred to as the terrestrial
interface).
• The ESOMP comprises of one or more emitters and the system overview given in figure 1 should be
interpreted accordingly.The ESOMP transmits within the frequency range from 27,5 GHz to 29,1 GHz and 29,5 GHz to 30,0 GHz,
which is a band allocated to the Fixed Satellite Services (FSS) (Earth-to-space) among other services. National
regulations will specify the bands available for the operation of the ESOMP. Such regulations may designate
some parts of the frequency range 27,5 GHz to 29,1 GHz to terrestrial services such as the Fixed Service.
However, the operation of the ESOMP may be permitted under national regulations in the 29,50 GHz to
30,00 GHz band since this band is allocated on a primary basis to the Fixed Satellite Service.
• The ESOMP receives in one or more frequencies within the range from 17,30 GHz to 20,20 GHz (FSS).
• The ESOMP uses linear or circular polarization.
• The ESOMP operates through non-geostationary satellites.
• The ESOMP is designed for unattended operation.
The ESOMP is controlled and monitored by a Network Control Facility (NCF). This function may be
performed centrally (e.g. for a network of ESOMPs with a central hub) or it could be performed within the
ESOMP for autonomous control. The NCF is outside the scope of the present document.
• The ESOMP operating in the 27,5 GHz to 28,6 GHz and 29,5 GHz to 30 GHz bands: epfd limits given in
article 22 of the ITU Radio Regulations [i.4] apply for the ESOMPs operating with the NGSO system for the
protection of the GSO networks (see No 22.5D of the ITU RR [i.4]).
• ESOMP operating in the 28,6 GHz to 29,1 GHz band: No 9.11A of the ITU RR [i.4] applies to the NGSO
network of the ESOMP, meaning that the NGSO will be required to coordinate with earlier filed GSO
networks or NGSO systems (See No. 5.523A of the ITU RR [i.4]).
The present document applies to the ESOMP with its ancillary equipment and its various telecommunication ports, and
when operated within the boundary limits of the operational environmental profile as declared by the applicant and
when installed as required by the applicant's declaration or in the user documentation.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.6] (RE Directive) article 3.2,
which states that "… radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use
of radio spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference".
NOTE 1: Operational requirements are defined by national administrations and by relevant ECC Decisions.
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements
under other parts of article 3 of the Directive 2014/53/EU [i.6] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present
document.

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The ESOMP is designed for both mobile and stationary operation.
• The ESOMP operates on various mobile platforms such as trains, maritime vessels, aircraft and other vehicles
and, therefore, may be subject to occasional disturbances and interruptions in the satellite link.
• The ESOMP is operating as part of a satellite network (e.g. star, mesh or point-to-point) used for the
distribution and/or exchange of information.
• The ESOMP is comprised of all the equipment, electrical and mechanical, from the antenna itself to the
interface with other communications equipment on a mobile platform (usually referred to as the terrestrial
interface).
The ESOMP transmits within the frequency range from 27,50 GHz to 30,00 GHz, which is a band allocated to
the Fixed Satellite Services (FSS) (Earth-to-space) among other services. However, operation of the ESOMP is
intended to be restricted to the frequency range 29,50 GHz to 30,00 GHz in and near those countries that have
allocated Fixed Service (FS) to the other frequency ranges. Local regulation may permit operation in these
frequency ranges.
• The ESOMP receives in one or more frequencies within the range from 17,30 GHz to 20,20 GHz (FSS).
• The ESOMP uses linear or circular polarization.
• The ESOMP operates through a geostationary satellite (or a cluster of co-located geostationary satellites) that
is at least 2° away from any other geostationary satellite operating in the same frequencies and over the same
coverage area.
NOTE 1: ESOMPs may operate with satellites that are more closely spaced than 2° with additional operational
constraints that are beyond the scope of the present document.
The ESOMP is designed for unattended operation.
• The ESOMP is controlled and monitored by a Network Control Facility (NCF). This function may be
performed centrally (e.g. for a network of ESOMPs with a central hub) or it could be performed within the
ESOMP for autonomous control. The NCF is outside the scope of the present document.
The present document applies to the ESOMP with its ancillary equipment and its various telecommunication ports, and
when operated within the boundary limits of the operational environmental profile as declared by the applicant and
when installed as required by the applicant's declaration or in the user documentation.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.11] (RE Directive) article 3.2,
which states that "… radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use
of radio spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference".
NOTE 2: Operational requirements are defined by national administrations and by relevant ECC Decisions.
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements
under other parts of article 3 of the Directive 2014/53/EU [i.11] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present
document.

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The present document applies to Complementary Ground Components (CGC) operating as part of a satellite network.
The present document covers two types of CGC:
• Conventional CGC:
- Clauses 4 and 5 according to ETSI EN 301 908-18 [16] for W_CDMA
- Clauses 8 and 9 according to ETSI EN 301 908-14 [10] for E-UTRA
• Aeronautical CGC
These Complementary Ground Components (CGC) transmit only to the User Equipment/ Aeronautical Terminal or
transmit and receive to/from the User Equipment/ Aeronautical Terminal in the frequency bands allocated to the Mobile
Satellite Service (MSS) on a primary basis as defined in table 1.
NOTE 1: The CGC may include various types of interfaces, to terrestrial and/or satellite networks, but their
specifications are out of the scope of the present document.
The present document applies to Complementary Ground Component (CGC) radio equipment type deployed in Mobile
Satellite Services systems which have the following characteristics:
• These CGCs may have both transmit and receive capabilities and are part of a hybrid Satellite/terrestrial
network.
• These CGCs operate with an assigned channel signal bandwidth (CBw) of 1 MHz or greater.
• The conventional CGCs may be local coverage, medium coverage or wide coverage ground components.
• The aeronautical CGCs may transmit/receive toward/from terminal mounted on aircraft (Aeronautical
Terminal).
• These CGCs may be an element in a multi-mode base station. It may consist of a number of modules with
associated connections, or may be a self-contained single unit.
If the CGC is an element in a multi-mode base station, unless otherwise stated in the present document, its requirements
apply only to the CGC element of the terminal operating in the Mobile Satellite Service (MSS) frequency bands given
in table 1.
The present document applies to the following terminal equipment types:
1) Complementary Ground Components for Wideband Satellite Systems.
The present document only applies to the radio interface between the conventional CGC and the User Equipment or
between aeronautical CGC and Aeronautical Terminal.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [13] (RE Directive) article 3.2 which
states that "Radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio
spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference".

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The present document applies to User Equipment (UE) radio equipment type which has the following characteristics:
• these UEs have both transmit and receive capabilities and operate in an hybrid Satellite/terrestrial network
i.e. a satellite and/or Complementary Ground Component (CGC) network;
• the satellite component is based on GSO;
• these UEs operate with an assigned channel signal bandwidth (CBw) of 1 MHz or greater;
• these UEs may be handset, handheld, portable, vehicle-mounted, aircraft mounted device (in this case the
present document refers to Aeronautical Terminal - AT) host connected, semi-fixed or fixed equipment, or
may be an element in a multi-mode terminal. It may consist of a number of modules with associated
connections and user interface, or may be a self contained single unit;
• if the UE is an element in a multi-mode terminal, unless otherwise stated in the present document, its
requirements apply only to the UE element of the terminal operating in the Mobile Satellite Service (MSS)
frequency bands given in Table 1;
• the present document applies for several class of UEs:
- UE for terrestrial use Power Class 1 - clauses 4 and 5;
- UE for terrestrial use Power Class 1bis - clauses 4 and 5;
- UE for terrestrial use Power Class 2 - clauses 4 and 5;
- UE for terrestrial use Power Class 3 - clauses 4 and 5;
- UE for aeronautical use (Aeronautical Terminal - AT) - clauses 6 and 7;
- UE for terrestrial use (non-aeronautical UE E-UTRA) - clauses 8 and 9;
• the Aeronautical Terminals (AT) operates at altitude of 1 000 m and higher above ground level.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [9] (RE Directive) article 3.2, which
states that "Radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio
spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference".

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The present document applies to Mobile Earth Stations (MES), except aeronautical mobile earth stations, which have
the following characteristics:
• The MES are operating in one or more frequency ranges of the Fixed Satellite Service (FSS):
- 10,70 GHz to 11,70 GHz (space to earth);
- 12,50 GHz to 12,75 GHz (space to earth);
- 14,00 GHz to 14,25 GHz (earth to space).
Because the transmissions from the MES to the Satellite in the 14,00 GHz to 14,25 GHz band fall under a secondary
allocation, the transmissions should not cause harmful interference to primary services (e.g. the Fixed Satellite Service
(FSS)) and at the same time cannot claim protection from harmful interference from those services.
• The MES may be either:
- a Land Mobile Earth Station (LMES) radio equipment; and/or
- a Maritime Mobile Earth Station (MMES) radio equipment not providing those distress and safety
functions required by the International Maritime Organization (IMO).
• These LMESs could be either vehicle mounted or portable equipment.
• These MMESs are installable equipment on ships.
• The MES could consist of a number of modules including a keyboard interface to the user.
• The MES use linear polarization.
• The MES operate through a geostationary satellite at least 3° away from any other geostationary satellite
operating in the same frequency band and covering the same area.
• The antenna of the MES may be omnidirectional or directional with a means of tracking the satellite.
• The MES are operating as part of a satellite network used for the distribution and/or exchange of information
between users.
• The MES are controlled and monitored by a Network Control Facility (NCF). The NCF is outside the scope of
the present document.
The present document applies to the MES with its ancillary equipment and its various terrestrial ports, and when
operated within the boundary limits of the operational environmental profile declared by the manufacturer.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [3] (RE Directive) article 3.2, which
states that "… radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio
spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference".
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements
under other parts of article 3 of the RE Directive [3] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present document.
NOTE: A list of such ENs is included on the ETSI web site.

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The present document applies to User Equipment (UE) radio equipment type which has the following characteristics:
• these UEs have both transmit and receive capabilities and operate in an hybrid Satellite/terrestrial network i.e. a satellite and/or Complementary Ground Component (CGC) network;
• the satellite component is based on GSO;
• these UEs operate with an assigned channel signal bandwidth (CBw) of 1 MHz or greater;
• these UEs may be handset, handheld, portable, vehicle-mounted, aircraft mounted device (in this case the present document refers to Aeronautical Terminal - AT) host connected, semi-fixed or fixed equipment, or may be an element in a multi-mode terminal. It may consist of a number of modules with associated connections and user interface, or may be a self contained single unit;
• if the UE is an element in a multi-mode terminal, unless otherwise stated in the present document, its
requirements apply only to the UE element of the terminal operating in the Mobile Satellite Service (MSS) frequency bands given in Table 1;
• the present document applies for several class of UEs:
- UE for terrestrial use Power Class 1 - clauses 4 and 5;
- UE for terrestrial use Power Class 1bis - clauses 4 and 5;
- UE for terrestrial use Power Class 2 - clauses 4 and 5;
- UE for terrestrial use Power Class 3 - clauses 4 and 5;
- UE for aeronautical use (Aeronautical Terminal - AT) - clauses 6 and 7;
- UE for terrestrial use (non-aeronautical UE E-UTRA) - clauses 8 and 9;
• the Aeronautical Terminals (AT) operates at altitude of 1 000 m and higher above ground level.
This radio equipment type is capable of operating in all or any part of the frequency bands given in Table 1.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [9] (RE Directive) article 3.2, which states that "Radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference".
NOTE 1: In addition to the unwanted emission limits defined in clauses 4.2.4 and 4.2.5 of the present document, additional operational constraints may be required to prevent harmful interference into services operating in the neighbouring bands outside the operational band defined in Table 1.
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements under other parts of article 3 of the RE Directive [9] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present document.
NOTE 2: A list of such ENs is included on the web site http://www.newapproach.org.

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The present document applies to User Equipment (UE) radio equipment type which have the following characteristics:
• these UEs have both transmit and receive capabilities and operate in a Geostationary satellite network;
• these UEs operate with an assigned channel signal bandwidth (CBw) smaller than 1 MHz;
• these UEs may be handset, handheld, portable, vehicle-mounted, host connected, semi-fixed or fixed equipment, or may be an element in a multi-mode terminal. It may consist of a number of modules with
associated connections and user interface, or may be a self-contained single unit;
• if the UE is an element in a multi-mode terminal, unless otherwise stated in the present document, its
requirements apply only to the UE element of the terminal operating in the Mobile Satellite Service (MSS) frequency bands given in table 1.
This radio equipment type is capable of operating in all or any part of the frequency bands given in table 1.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [7] (RE Directive) article 3.2 which states that "….radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference".
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements under other parts of article 3 of the RE Directive [7] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present document.
NOTE: A list of such ENs is included on the web site http://www.newapproach.org.

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The present document applies to Satellite Interactive Terminals (SIT) and Satellite User Terminals (SUT) operating as
part of a bi-directional satellite network. Satellite Terminal (ST) is used in the present document as a generic name that
refers equally to a SIT and/or a SUT.
In such a network a Network Control Facility (NCF) is responsible for the monitoring and control of the transmit
functions of the STs. These STs have the following characteristics:
• in the case of SITs reception is in the Fixed Satellite Service (FSS) frequency ranges from 10,70 GHz to
11,70 GHz and from 12,50 GHz to 12,75 GHz as well as the Broadcast Satellite Service (BSS) frequency
range from 11,70 GHz to 12,50 GHz;
• in the case of SUTs reception is in the Fixed Satellite Service (FSS) frequency ranges from 19,70 GHz to
20,20 GHz and from 17,70 GHz to 19,70 GHz as well as the Broadcast Satellite Service (BSS) frequency
range from 21,40 GHz to 22,00 GHz;
• in all cases ST transmission is in the frequency band allocated to FSS from 27,50 GHz to 29,50 GHz;
• STs transmit towards geostationary satellites with spacing down to 2° away from any other geostationary
satellite operating in the same frequency band and covering the same area;
• linear or circular polarization is used for transmission or reception;
• the received signals may be analogue and/or digital;
• the transmitted signals are always of digital nature;
• the ST antenna diameter does not exceed 1,8 m, or equivalent effective area;
• the ST is designed for unattended operations.
The equipment considered in the present document comprises both the outdoor unit, usually composed of the antenna
subsystem and associated upconverter, power amplifier and Low Noise Block (LNB) downconverter, and the indoor
unit, usually composed of receive and transmit logic as well as the modulator, including cables between these two units.
The present document applies to the ST with its ancillary equipment and its various ports and when operated within the
boundary limits of all the operational environmental profile declared by the applicant and when installed as required by
the applicant by declaration or in the user documentation.
All parts of the indoor unit related to reception, processing and presentation of the received information except the
control channel are not within the scope of the present document. The syntax of the control channel messages is outside
the scope of the present document.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [6] (RE Directive) article 3.2, which
states that "… radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio
spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference".
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements
under other parts of article 3 of the Directive 2014/53/EU [6] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present
document.
NOTE: A list of such ENs is included on the web site http://www.newapproach.org/.

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The present document applies to Complementary Ground Components (CGC) operating as part of a satellite network.
The present document covers two types of CGC:
• Conventional CGC:
- Clauses 4 and 5 according to ETSI EN 301 908-18 [16] for W_CDMA
- Clauses 8 and 9 according to ETSI EN 301 908-14 [10] for E-UTRA
• Aeronautical CGC
These Complementary Ground Components (CGC) transmit only to the User Equipment/ Aeronautical Terminal or transmit and receive to/from the User Equipment/ Aeronautical Terminal in the frequency bands allocated to the Mobile Satellite Service (MSS) on a primary basis as defined in table 1.
NOTE 1: The CGC may include various types of interfaces, to terrestrial and/or satellite networks, but their specifications are out of the scope of the present document.
The present document applies to Complementary Ground Component (CGC) radio equipment type deployed in Mobile Satellite Services systems which have the following characteristics:
• These CGCs may have both transmit and receive capabilities and are part of a hybrid Satellite/terrestrial network.
• These CGCs operate with an assigned channel signal bandwidth (CBw) of 1 MHz or greater.
• The conventional CGCs may be local coverage, medium coverage or wide coverage ground components.
• The aeronautical CGCs may transmit/receive toward/from terminal mounted on aircraft (Aeronautical
Terminal).
• These CGCs may be an element in a multi-mode base station. It may consist of a number of modules with associated connections, or may be a self-contained single unit.
If the CGC is an element in a multi-mode base station, unless otherwise stated in the present document, its requirements apply only to the CGC element of the terminal operating in the Mobile Satellite Service (MSS) frequency bands given in table 1.
The present document applies to the following terminal equipment types:
1) Complementary Ground Components for Wideband Satellite Systems.
This radio equipment type is capable of operating in all or any part of the frequency bands given in table 1.
The present document only applies to the radio interface between the conventional CGC and the User Equipment or between aeronautical CGC and Aeronautical Terminal.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [13] (RE Directive) article 3.2 which states, which states that "Radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference".
NOTE 2: In addition to the unwanted emission limits defined in clauses 4.2.2 and 5.2.2 of the present document, additional operational constraints may be required to prevent harmful interference into services operating in the neighbouring bands outside the operational band defined in table 1.
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements under other parts of article 3 of the Directive 2014/53/EU [13] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present document.
NOTE 3: A list of such ENs is included on the web site http://www.newapproach.org.

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The present document applies to Mobile Earth Station (MES) radio equipment which have the following characteristics:
• these MES operate in a non-geostationary orbit (NGSO) mobile-satellite system;
• these MES have both transmit and receive capabilities and operate in a Satellite-Personal Communications
Network (S-PCN). An S-PCN MES may be handheld, portable, vehicle-mounted, host connected, semi-fixed
or fixed equipment, or may be an element in a multi-mode terminal. It may consist of a number of modules
with associated connections and user interface, or may be a self-contained single unit;
• these LMESs are controlled and monitored by a Network Control Facility (NCF). The NCF is outside the
scope of the present document;
• if the MES is an element in a multi-mode terminal, unless otherwise stated in the present document, its
requirements apply only to the S-PCN MES element of the terminal operating in the MSS frequency bands
given in table 1;
• these MES are capable in operating in all or part of the frequency bands shown in table 1.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [7] (RE Directive) article 3.2 which
states that "….radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use of
radio spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference".
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements
under other parts of article 3 of the Directive 2014/53/EU [7] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present
document.
NOTE: A list of such ENs is included on the ETSI web site.

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The present document applies to Earth Stations located on board Trains, which have the following characteristics.
• The EST may transmit and receive data when the train is in motion and also when the train is stationary.
• The EST operates in a railway environment and, therefore, may be subject to occasional disturbances and interruptions in the satellite link.
• The EST is operating as part of a satellite network (e.g. star, mesh or point-to-point) used for the distribution and/or exchange of information.
• The EST is comprised of all the equipment, electrical and mechanical, from the antenna itself to the interface with other communications equipment on a train (usually referred to as the terrestrial interface).
• The EST transmits on single carrier in the frequency range 14,00 GHz to 14,25 GHz, which is a portion of a band allocated to the Fixed Satellite Services (FSS) (Earth-to-space).
• The EST receives in one or more frequencies within the range from 10,70 GHz to 12,75 GHz in bands allocated to the Fixed Satellite Services (FSS) (space-to-Earth) or the Broadcast Satellite Service (BSS) (space-to-Earth), depending on the ITU Region where the EST is located.
• The EST uses linear or circular polarization.
• The EST is designed to operate through a geostationary satellite (or a cluster of co-located geostationary satellites) that is at least 3° away from any other geostationary satellite operating in the same frequencies and over the same coverage area.
• The EST transmits at elevations greater than or equal to 7° relative to the local horizon.
• The EST is designed for unattended operation.
• The EST is controlled and monitored by a Network Control Facility (NCF). The NCF is outside the scope of the present document.
The present document applies to the EST with its ancillary equipment and its various  telecommunication ports, and when operated within the boundary limits of the operational environmental profile as declared by the applicant and when installed as required by the applicant's declaration or in the user documentation.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [4] (RE Directive) article 3.2, which states that "… radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference".
NOTE 1: Operational requirements are defined by national administrations and by relevant ECC Decisions.
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements under other parts of article 3 of the Directive 2014/53 [4] (RE Directive) may apply to equipment within the scope of the present document.
NOTE 2: A list of such ENs is included on the web site http://www.newapproach.org/.

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The present document applies to Earth Stations on Mobile Platforms (ESOMP), which have the following characteristics.
The ESOMP is designed for both mobile and stationary operation.
• The ESOMP operates on various mobile platforms such as trains, maritime vessels, aircraft and other vehicles and, therefore, may be subject to occasional disturbances and interruptions in the satellite link.
• The ESOMP is operating as part of a satellite network (e.g. star, mesh or point-to-point) used for the
distribution and/or exchange of information.
• The ESOMP is comprised of all the equipment, electrical and mechanical, from the antenna itself to the interface with other communications equipment on a mobile platform (usually referred to as the terrestrial interface).
• The ESOMP comprises of one or more emitters and the system overview given in figure 1 should be
interpreted accordingly.
• The transmit and receive frequencies are shown in table 1.
The ESOMP is designed for both mobile and stationary operation.
• The ESOMP operates on various mobile platforms such as trains, maritime vessels, aircraft and other vehicles and, therefore, may be subject to occasional disturbances and interruptions in the satellite link.
• The ESOMP is operating as part of a satellite network (e.g. star, mesh or point-to-point) used for the
distribution and/or exchange of information.
• The ESOMP is comprised of all the equipment, electrical and mechanical, from the antenna itself to the interface with other communications equipment on a mobile platform (usually referred to as the terrestrial interface).
• The ESOMP comprises of one or more emitters and the system overview given in figure 1 should be
interpreted accordingly.
• The transmit and receive frequencies are shown in table 1.
The ESOMP transmits within the frequency range from 27,5 GHz to 29,1 GHz and 29,5 GHz to 30,0 GHz, which is a band allocated to the Fixed Satellite Services (FSS) (Earth-to-space) among other services. National regulations will specify the bands available for the operation of the ESOMP. Such regulations may designate some parts of the frequency range 27,5 GHz to 29,1 GHz to terrestrial services such as the Fixed Service.
However, the operation of the ESOMP may be permitted under national regulations in the 29,50 GHz to 30,00 GHz band since this band is allocated on a primary basis to the Fixed Satellite Service.
• The ESOMP receives in one or more frequencies within the range from 17,30 GHz to 20,20 GHz (FSS).
• The ESOMP uses linear or circular polarization.
• The ESOMP operates through non-geostationary satellites.
• The ESOMP is designed for unattended operation.
The ESOMP is controlled and monitored by a Network Control Facility (NCF). This function may be performed centrally (e.g. for a network of ESOMPs with a central hub) or it could be performed within the ESOMP for autonomous control. The NCF is outside the scope of the present document.
• The ESOMP operating in the 27,5 GHz to 28,6 GHz and 29,5 GHz to 30 GHz bands: epfd limits given in article 22 of the ITU Radio Regulations [i.4] apply for the ESOMPs operating with the NGSO system for the protection of the GSO networks (see No 22.5D of the ITU RR [i.4]).
• ESOMP operating in the 28,6 GHz to 29,1 GHz band: No 9.11A of the ITU RR [i.4] applies to the NGSO network of the ESOMP, meaning that the NGSO will be required to coordinate with earlier filed GSO networks or NGSO systems (See No. 5.523A of the ITU RR [i.4]).

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The present document defines an information model and protocol for reconfigurable radio frequency interface for reconfigurable MDs. The work is based on the Use Cases defined in ETSI TR 102 944 [i.1], on the system requirements defined in ETSI EN 302 969 [1] and on the radio reconfiguration related architecture for mobile devices defined in ETSI EN 303 095 [i.8].

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The present document applies to Very Small Aperture Terminals (VSATs) which have the following characteristics:
• The VSAT is operating in one or more frequency ranges in the part of the following bands allocated
exclusively to the Fixed Satellite Services (FSS):
- 14,00 GHz to 14,25 GHz (earth-to-space);
- 12,50 GHz to 12,75 GHz (space-to-earth);
or in the shared parts of the following bands, allocated to the FSS and Fixed Services (FS):
- 14,25 GHz to 14,50 GHz (earth-to-space);
- 10,70 GHz to 11,70 GHz (space-to-earth).
• The VSAT uses linear polarization.
• The VSAT operates through a geostationary satellite at least 3° away from any other geostationary satellite
operating in the same frequency band and covering the same area.
• The VSAT antenna diameter does not exceed 3,8 m, or equivalent effective area.
• The VSAT is either:
- a transmit only VSAT: designed for transmission only of radio-communications signals in any of the
frequency bands (earth-to-space) specified above; or
- a transmit and receive VSAT: designed for transmission and reception of radio-communications signals
in any of the frequency bands specified above; or
- a receive only VSAT: designed for reception only of radio-communications signals in any of the
frequency bands (space-earth) specified above.
• The VSAT is designed usually for unattended operation.
• The VSAT is operating as part of a satellite network (e.g. star, mesh or point-to-point) used for the distribution
and/or exchange of information between users.
• The transmit-only and transmit-and-receive VSAT is controlled and monitored by a Centralized Control and
Monitoring Function (CCMF). The CCMF is outside the scope of the present document.
The present document applies to the VSAT with its ancillary equipment and its various terrestrial ports, and when
operated within the boundary limits of the operational environmental profile declared by the applicant and when
installed as required by the applicant by declaration or in the user documentation.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [4] (RE Directive) article 3.2, which
states that "… radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use of
spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference".
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements
under other parts of article 3 of the Directive 2014/53/EU (RE Directive) [4] may apply to equipment within the scope
of the present document.
NOTE: A list of such ENs is included on the web site http://www.newapproach.org/.

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The present document applies to Satellite News Gathering (SNG) Transportable Earth Stations (TESs) which have the
following characteristics:
• the SNG TESs are designed for Satellite News Gathering (SNG) which can be either an unforeseen or preplanned
activity;
• SNG TES is capable of transmitting television signals and associated audio or programme audio only towards
a satellite positioned on the geostationary orbit. The modulation method may be either analogue or digital.
Such transmissions are point-to-point or point-to-multipoint but not for general broadcast reception;
• the SNG TESs are designed for relocation at any time to a different fixed operating location but are not
intended to operate during the relocation period. The SNG TESs can be either vehicle mounted or packed for
transportation. The SNG TESs considered in the present document are those designed to operate whilst
stationary;
• the SNG TESs are operating in the following bands allocated to the Fixed Satellite Services (FSS):
- 10,70 GHz to 11,70 GHz (space-to-earth, shared);
- 12,50 GHz to 12,75 GHz (space-to-earth, exclusive);
- 12,75 GHz to 13,25 GHz (earth-to-space, shared);
- 13,75 GHz to 14,25 GHz (earth-to-space, exclusive);
- 14,25 GHz to 14,50 GHz (earth-to-space, shared).
• frequencies could be selected from through the entire frequency range or be restricted to a range completely
enclosed within those bands. These bands are partly shared between FSS and Fixed Service (FS);
• at present the ITU Radio Regulations [3] restrict the use of the 13,75 GHz to 14,00 GHz band to earth stations
having an antenna diameter of 4,5 m or greater and having a transmitting EIRP between 68 dBW and 85 dBW;
• the SNG TESs use linear polarization;
• the SNG TESs operate through a geostationary satellite at least 3° away from any other geostationary satellite
operating in the same frequency band and covering the same area;
• the SNG TES antenna diameter does not exceed 5 m, or equivalent corresponding aperture;
• the SNG TESs are designed for attended operation.
The present document applies to the SNG TES with its ancillary equipment and its various terrestrial ports, and when
operated within the boundary limits of the operational environmental profile declared by the applicant.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [6] (RE Directive) article 3.2, which
states that "… radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio
spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference."
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements
under other parts of article 3 of the Directive 2014/53/EU [6]) may apply to equipment within the scope of the present
document.
NOTE: A list of such ENs is included on the ETSI web site.

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The present document applies to Earth Stations located on board Vessels (ESVs) which have the following
characteristics:
• The ESV is comprised of all the equipment, electrical and mechanical, from the antenna itself to the interface
with other communications equipment on board (usually referred to as the terrestrial interface).
• The ESV transmits in the frequency range from 5 925 MHz to 6 425 MHz allocated to the Fixed Satellite
Services (FSS) (earth-to-space).
• The ESV receives in one or more frequencies within the range from 3,700 GHz to 4,200 GHz in the bands
allocated to the Fixed Satellite Services (FSS) (space-to-earth), depending on the ITU Region where the ESV
is located.
• The ESV transmits a single carrier.
• The ESV uses linear or circular polarization.
• The ESV operates through a geostationary satellite at least 2° to 3° away from any other geostationary satellite
operating in the same frequency band and covering the same area.
NOTE 1: The satellite spacing is mainly equal to 3° in ITU Regions 1 and 3 and 2° in ITU Region 2.
The ESV transmits at elevations greater or equal to the minimum elevation angle declared by the applicant.
• The ESV antenna diameter is not smaller than 2,4 m.
• The ESV is designed for transmission and reception of radio-communications signals in accordance with any
of the frequency bands specified above.
• The ESV is usually designed for unattended operation.
• The ESV is operating as part of a satellite network (e.g. star, mesh or point-to-point) used for the distribution
and/or exchange of information between users.
• The ESV is controlled and monitored by a Network Control Facility (NCF). The NCF is outside the scope of
the present document.
The present document applies to the ESV with its ancillary equipment and its various telecommunication ports, and
when operated within the boundary limits of the operational environmental profile declared by the applicant and when
installed as required by the applicant by declaration or in the user documentation.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [7] (RE Directive) article 3.2, which
states that "… radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio
spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference".
The present document incorporates the technical limitations listed in annex 2 of ITU-R Resolution 902 (WRC-03) [i.1],
ECC Report (05)69 [i.2], and ECC Report (06)91 [i.3].
NOTE 2: According to ITU-R Resolution 902 [i.1], any transmission from ESVs within the 300 km minimum
distance of each country where the ESV transmit frequency band is used by the Fixed Service will be
subject to the prior agreement of the concerned administration(s), which may specify additional
operational requirements, or to the relevant ECC Decision.
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements
under other parts of article 3 of the Directive 2014/53/EU [7] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present
document.
NOTE 3: A list of such ENs is included on the web site http://www.newapproach.org/.

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The present document applies to Satellite Interactive Terminals (SIT) and Satellite User Terminals (SUT) operating as
part of a bi-directional satellite network. Satellite Terminal (ST) is used in the present document as a generic name that
refers equally to a SIT and/or a SUT.
In such a network a Network Control Facility (NCF) is responsible for the monitoring and control of the transmit
functions of the STs. These STs have the following characteristics:
• in the case of SITs reception is in the Fixed Satellite Service (FSS) frequency ranges from 10,70 GHz to
11,70 GHz and from 12,50 GHz to 12,75 GHz, as well as the Broadcast Satellite Service (BSS) frequency
range from 11,70 GHz to 12,50 GHz;
• in the case of SUTs reception is in the Fixed Satellite Service (FSS) frequency ranges from 19,70 GHz to
20,20 GHz and from 17,70 GHz to 19,70 GHz, as well as the Broadcast Satellite Service (BSS) frequency
range from 21,40 GHz to 22,00 GHz;
• in all cases ST transmission is in the frequency band allocated to FSS on a primary basis from 29,5 GHz to
30,0 GHz;
• STs transmit towards geostationary satellites with spacing down to 2° away from any other geostationary
satellite operating in the same frequency band and covering the same area;
• linear or circular polarization is used for transmission or reception;
• the received signals may be analogue and/or digital;
• the transmitted signals are always of digital nature;
• the ST antenna diameter does not exceed 1,8 m, or equivalent effective area;
• the ST is designed for unattended operations.
The equipment considered in the present document comprises both the outdoor unit, usually composed of the antenna
subsystem and associated upconverter, power amplifier and Low Noise Block (LNB) downconverter, and the indoor
unit, usually composed of receive and transmit logic as well as the modulator, including cables between these two units.
The present document applies to the ST with its ancillary equipment and its various ports and when operated within the
boundary limits of all the operational environmental profile declared by the applicant and when installed as required by
the applicant by declaration or in the user documentation.
All parts of the indoor unit related to reception, processing and presentation of the received information except the
control channel are not within the scope of the present document. The syntax of the control channel messages is outside
the scope of the present document.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [4] (RE Directive) article 3.2, which
states that "… radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio
spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference".
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements
under other parts of article 3 of the RE Directive [4] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present document.
NOTE: A list of such ENs is included on the web site http://www.newapproach.org/.

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The present document applies to Earth Stations located on board Vessels (ESVs) which have the following
characteristics:
• The ESV is comprised of all the equipment, electrical and mechanical, from the antenna itself to the interface
with other communications equipment on board (usually referred to as the terrestrial interface).
• The ESV transmits in the frequency range from 14,00 GHz to 14,50 GHz allocated to the Fixed Satellite
Services (FSS) (earth-to-space).
• The ESV receives in one or more frequencies within the range from 10,70 GHz to 12,75 GHz in the bands
allocated to the Fixed Satellite Services (FSS) (space-to-earth), depending on the ITU Region where the ESV
is located.
• The ESV uses linear polarization.
• The ESV operates through a geostationary satellite at least 2° to 3° away from any other geostationary satellite
operating in the same frequency band and covering the same area.
NOTE 1: The satellite spacing is mainly equal to 3° in ITU Regions 1 and 3 and 2° in ITU Region 2.
The ESV transmits at elevations greater or equal to the minimum elevation angle declared by the applicant.
• The ESV antenna diameter is not smaller than 0,6 m.
NOTE 2: Operation within 125 km of non-CEPT countries with antenna diameter smaller than 1,2 m may be
subject to specific agreement with concerned administrations as stated in ITU-R Resolution 902
(WRC-03).
• The ESV is designed for transmission and reception of radio-communications signals in accordance with any
of the frequency bands specified above.
• The ESV is usually designed for unattended operation.
• The ESV is operating as part of a satellite network (e.g. star, mesh or point-to-point) used for the distribution
and/or exchange of information between users.
• The ESV is controlled and monitored by a Network Control Facility (NCF). The NCF is outside the scope of
the present document.
The present document applies to the ESV with its ancillary equipment and its various telecommunication ports, and
when operated within the boundary limits of the operational environmental profile declared by the applicant and when
installed as required by the applicant by declaration or in the user documentation.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [9] (RE Directive) article 3.2, which
states that "… radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio
spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference".
The present document incorporates the technical limitations listed in annex 2 of ITU-R Resolution 902 (WRC-03) [i.2].
NOTE 3: According to ITU-R Resolution 902 (WRC-03), any transmission from ESVs within the 125 km
minimum distance of each country where the ESV transmit frequency band is used by the Fixed Service
will be subject to the prior agreement of the concerned administration(s) or to the relevant ECC Decision
and may specify additional operational requirements.
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements
under other parts of article 3 of the Directive 2014/53 [9] (RE Directive) may apply to equipment within the scope of
the present document.
NOTE 4: A list of such ENs is included on the web site http://www.newapproach.org/.

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The present document applies to any Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT) which has the following characteristics:
• the VSAT is operating in one or more frequency ranges within the following bands allocated to the Fixed
Satellite Service (FSS), shared with other services, e.g. the Fixed Service (FS) and the Mobile Service (MS):
- 5,850 GHz to 7,075 GHz (earth-to-space);
- 3,400 GHz to 4,200 GHz (space-to-earth);
• the VSAT uses linear or circular polarization;
• the VSAT operates through a geostationary satellite at least 3° away from any other geostationary satellite
operating in the same frequency band and covering the same area;
• the VSAT antenna diameter does not exceed 7,3 m, or equivalent effective area;
• the VSAT is either:
- a transmit-only VSAT: designed for transmission-only of radio-communications signals in the frequency
band (earth-to-space) specified above; or
- a transmit-and-receive VSAT: designed for transmission-and-reception of radio-communications signals
in the frequency bands specified above; or
- a receive-only VSAT: designed for reception-only of radio-communications signals in the frequency
band (space-to-earth) specified above;
• the VSAT is designed usually for unattended operation;
• the VSAT is operating as part of a satellite network (e.g. star, mesh or point-to-point) used for the distribution
and/or exchange of information between users;
• the transmit-only and transmit-and-receive VSAT is controlled and monitored by a Centralized Control and
Monitoring Function (CCMF). The CCMF is outside the scope of the present document.
The present document applies to the VSAT with its ancillary equipment and its various terrestrial ports, and when
operated within the boundary limits of the operational environmental profile declared by the applicant and when
installed as required by the applicant by declaration or in the user documentation.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU (RE Directive) [6] article 3.2, which
states that "... radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio
spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference".
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements
under other parts of article 3 of the RE Directive [6] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present document.
NOTE: A list of such ENs is included on the web site http://www.newapproach.org/.

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The present document applies to Earth Stations located on board Vehicles, which have the following characteristics.
The VMES may transmit and receive data when the vehicle is in motion and also when the vehicle is
stationary.
• The VMES operates on wheeled or tracked vehicles and, therefore, may be subject to occasional disturbances and interruptions in the satellite link.
• The VMES is operating as part of a satellite network (e.g. star, mesh or point-to-point) used for the distribution and/or exchange of information.
• The VMES is comprised of all the equipment, electrical and mechanical, from the antenna itself to the interface with other communications equipment on a vehicle (usually referred to as the terrestrial interface).
• The VMES transmits on single carrier in the frequency range 14,00 GHz to 14,50 GHz, which is a band allocated to the Fixed Satellite Services (FSS) (Earth-to-space) among other services. However, operation of the VMES is intended to be restricted to the lower half of the band in and near those countries that have allocated Fixed Service (FS) to the upper half. Local regulation may permit operation in the upper half of the band.
NOTE 1: For the purposes of the present specification, OFDM modulation is considered as a single carrier.
• The VMES receives in one or more frequencies within the range from 10,70 GHz to 12,75 GHz in bands allocated to the Fixed Satellite Services (FSS) (space-to-Earth) or the Broadcast Satellite Service (BSS) (space-to-Earth), depending on the ITU Region where the VMES is located.
• The VMES uses linear or circular polarization.
• The VMES is designed to operate through a geostationary satellite (or a cluster of co-located geostationary satellites) that is at least 3° away from any other geostationary satellite operating in the same frequencies and over the same coverage area.
NOTE 2: Satellites may be spaced closer than 3°. In such cases, the satellite operator will inform the VMES client of the requirements of the system coordination agreements.
• The VMES transmits at elevations greater than or equal to 7° relative to the local horizon.
• The VMES is designed for unattended operation.
• The VMES is designed for both mobile and stationary operation. In the case of stationary operation, the VMES should not be accessible to the general public and operated safely.
• The VMES is controlled and monitored by an Antenna Control Facility (ACF). This function may be
performed centrally (e.g. for a network of VMESs with a central hub) or it could be performed within the VMES for autonomous control. The ACF is outside the scope of the present document.
The present document applies to the VMES with its ancillary equipment and its various telecommunication ports, and when operated within the boundary limits of the operational environmental profile as declared by the applicant and when installed as required by the applicant's declaration or in the user documentation.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [9] (RE Directive) article 3.2, which states that "… radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio spectrumin order to avoid harmful interference".
NOTE 3: Operational requirements are defined by national administrations and by relevant ECC Decisions.
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements under other parts of article 3 of the Directive 2014/53/EU [9] (RE Directive) may apply to equipment within the scope of the present document.
NOTE 4: A list of such ENs is included on the web site http://www.newapproach.org/.

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The present document specifies certain minimum technical performance requirements of Aircraft Earth Station (AES) equipment with both transmit and receive capabilities for provision of aeronautical mobile satellite service, in the frequency bands given in table 1.
The AES has the following characteristics:
• These AESs are equipment for installation on aircraft.
• The AES could consist of a number of modules from the antenna subsystem to the user interfaces.
• The AES uses linear polarization.
• The AES system uses digital modulation.
• The AES operates through a GSO satellite at least 3° away from any other geostationary satellite operating in the same frequency band and covering the same area.
• The antenna of the AES is directional, with means of tracking the satellites, which can be achieved by using either an active phase array or reflective type configuration.
• These AESs are operating as part of a satellite network used for the distribution and/or exchange of
information between users.
• These AESs are controlled and monitored by a Network Control Facility (NCF). The NCF is outside the scope of the present document.
• When on the ground, the AES does not transmit at elevation angles below 7o with respect to the local horizontal plane, except at locations where transmissions below 7o are permitted by the local Administration; (the minimum elevation angle is also limited as per clause 4.2).
The technical requirements in the present document are in two major categories:
• emission limits: to protect other radio services and systems from harmful interference generated by the AES in normal use;
• AES Control and Monitoring Functions (CMF): to protect other radio services and systems from unwanted transmissions from the AES. The CMF in each AES is capable of answering to commands from the Network Control Facility (NCF) for its supporting satellite network.
The present document applies to the AESs with their ancillary equipment and its various ports, and when operated within the boundary limits of the operational environmental profile declared by the manufacturer.
The technical requirements for the AES in regard to the Power Flux Density (PFD) limits to protect Fixed Service (FS) and Radio Astronomy Service (RAS) are based on annexes B and C of Recommendation ITU-R M.1643 [5] and ECC Report 26 [i.4]. Furthermore, in relation to the protection of the Fixed Satellite Service (FSS) the technical requirements of the AES take into account annex A of Recommendation ITU-R M.1643 [5].
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 2014/53/EU [6] (RE Directive) article 3.2, which states that "… radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively and supports the use of radio spectrum allocated in order to avoid harmful interference".
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements of other parts of article 3 of the RE Directive [6] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present document.
NOTE: A list of such ENs is included on the web site at: http:\\www.newapproach.org.
The present document does not cover equipment compliance with relevant civil aviation regulations. In this respect, an AES, for its installation and operation on board an aircraft is subject to additional national or international civil aviation airworthiness certification requirements, for example to EUROCAE ED-14D [4].

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