Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates - Part 10: Determination of water suction height

EN 1097-10 specifies the reference method, used for type testing and in case of dispute, for determining the water suction height of an aggregate in direct contact with a free water surface. For other purposes, in particular production control, other methods may be used, provided that an appropriate working relationship with the reference methods has been established.

Prühfverfahren für mechanische und physikalische Eigenschaften von Gesteinskörnungen - Teil 10: Bestimmung der Wassersaughöhe

Diese Europäische Norm beschreibt ein Referenzverfahren für die Bestimmung der Wassersaughöhe von Gesteinskörnungen, die direkten Kontakt zu einer freien Wasseroberfläche haben, welches zur Anwendung für die Typprüfung und im Streitfall vorgesehen ist. Für sonstige Zwecke, insbesondere für die werkseigene Produktionskontrolle, dürfen andere Verfahren angewendet werden, unter der Voraussetzung, dass eine angemessene funktionierende Beziehung zu den Referenzverfahren hergestellt wurde.
ANMERKUNG   Die kapillare Wasseraufnahme in einer Gesteinskörnungsschicht unter dem Erdgeschoss kann zu Feuchteproblemen im Gebäude führen. Ist die Schicht dicker als die Wassersaughöhe der verwendeten Gesteinskörnung, wird die Schicht als Kapillarsperre angesehen.

Essais pour déterminer les caractéristiques mécaniques et physiques des granulats - Partie 10 : Hauteur de succion d’eau

La présente Norme européenne décrit la méthode de référence, destinée à être utilisée pour des essais de type ou en cas de litige, pour la détermination de la hauteur de succion d’eau d'un granulat en contact direct avec la surface libre d'une couche d'eau. Pour d'autres besoins, en particulier le contrôle de la production, d'autres méthodes peuvent être utilisées, à condition d'établir une relation de fonctionnement appropriée entre ces dernières et la méthode de référence.
NOTE   La montée d'eau par capillarité au travers d'une couche de granulat située sous la dalle de sol risque de causer des problèmes d’humidité dans le bâtiment. Si l'épaisseur de la couche est supérieure à la hauteur de succion d’eau du granulat utilisé, la couche est considérée comme une barrière anti-capillarité.

Preskusi mehanskih in fizikalnih lastnosti agregatov - 10. del: Določevanje kapilarnega dviga vode

Standard EN 1097-10 določa referenčno metodo, ki se uporablja za tipsko preskušanje, in v primeru spora za določevanje kapilarnega dviga vode agregata v neposrednem stiku s prosto površino vode. Za druge namene, zlasti za kontrolo proizvodnje, se lahko uporabijo druge metode, če obstaja primerna delovna povezava z referenčno metodo.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
14-Nov-2013
Publication Date
12-Aug-2014
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
11-Jul-2014
Due Date
15-Sep-2014
Completion Date
13-Aug-2014

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.RORþHYDQMHPrühfverfahren für mechanische und physikalische Eigenschaften von Gesteinskörnungen - Teil 10: Bestimmung der WassersaughöheEssais pour déterminer les caractéristiques mécaniques et physiques des granulats - Partie 10 : Hauteur de succion d’eauTests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates - Part 10: Determination of water suction height91.100.15Mineralni materiali in izdelkiMineral materials and productsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 1097-10:2014SIST EN 1097-10:2014en,fr,de01-september-2014SIST EN 1097-10:2014SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 1097-10:20031DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 1097-10:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 1097-10
May 2014 ICS 91.100.15 Supersedes EN 1097-10:2002English Version

Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates - Part 10: Determination of water suction height

Essais pour déterminer les caractéristiques mécaniques et physiques des granulats - Partie 10: Hauteur de succion d'eau

Prühfverfahren für mechanische und physikalische Eigenschaften von Gesteinskörnungen - Teil 10: Bestimmung der Wassersaughöhe This European Standard was approved by CEN on 24 February 2014.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 1097-10:2014 ESIST EN 1097-10:2014

EN 1097-10:2014 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ...................................................................................................................................................................... 3 1 Scope .............................................................................................................................................................. 5 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5 4 Principle .......................................................................................................................................................... 6 5 Materials ......................................................................................................................................................... 6 5.1 Water, boiled and cooled before use ........................................................................................................... 6 5.2 Reagents ......................................................................................................................................................... 6 6 Apparatus ....................................................................................................................................................... 6 7 Preparation of test portions .......................................................................................................................... 9 8 Test procedure ............................................................................................................................................... 9 8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................ 9 8.2 Determination of maximal hygroscopic moisture content ........................................................................ 9 8.3 Determination of compacted dry bulk density ......................................................................................... 10 8.4 Determination of water suction height ...................................................................................................... 10 9 Test report .................................................................................................................................................... 12 9.1 Mandatory data ............................................................................................................................................ 12 9.2 Conditional data ........................................................................................................................................... 13 SIST EN 1097-10:2014

EN 1097-10:2014 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 1097-10:2014) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 154 “Aggregates”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2014 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by October 2014. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 1097-10:2002. This European Standard forms part of a series of tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates. Test methods for other properties of aggregates will be covered by parts of the following European Standards: — EN 932, Tests for general properties of aggregates — EN 933, Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates — EN 1367, Tests for thermal and weathering properties of aggregates — EN 1744, Tests for chemical properties of aggregates — EN 13179, Tests for filler aggregate used in bituminous mixtures The other parts of EN 1097 are: — Part 1: Determination of the resistance to wear (micro-Deval) — Part 2: Methods for the determination of resistance to fragmentation — Part 3: Determination of loose bulk density and voids — Part 4: Determination of the voids of dry compacted filler — Part 5: Determination of the water content by drying in a ventilated oven — Part 6: Determination of particle density and water absorption — Part 7: Determination of the particle density of filler — Pyknometer method — Part 8: Determination of the polished stone value — Part 9: Determination of the resistance to wear by abrasion from studded tyres — Nordic test — Part 11: Determination of compressibility and confined compressive strength of lightweight aggregates The technical changes between this edition and the 2002 version are as follows: a) 6.3 and 6.4, minimum size of vessel and moisture container have been reduced; b) 6.13, tolerance on temperature stability has been broaden; SIST EN 1097-10:2014

EN 1097-10:2014 (E) 4 c) Clause 7, Table 2, minimum volume of test portion has been reduced; d) 8.4, Figure 2 has been redrawn and clarified; e) 8.2 to 8.4, units have been updated; f) Definition of constant moisture content has been clarified and appended to 8.4. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 1097-10:2014

EN 1097-10:2014 (E) 5 1 Scope This European Standard specifies the reference method, used for type testing and in case of dispute, for determining the water suction height of an aggregate in direct contact with a free water surface. For other purposes, in particular production control, other methods may be used, provided that an appropriate working relationship with the reference methods has been established. NOTE Capillary water uptake in an aggregate layer under the ground floor may cause moisture problems in the building. If the layer is thicker than the water suction height of the aggregate used, the layer is considered as a capillary barrier. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 932-2, Tests for general properties of aggregates - Part 2: Methods for reducing laboratory samples EN 932-5, Tests for general properties of aggregates - Part 5: Common equipment and calibration EN 1097-5, Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates - Part 5: Determination of the water content by drying in a ventilated oven 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 water suction height level to which the water raises in a layer of aggregate in direct contact with a free water surface 3.2 maximal hygroscopic moisture content moisture content of aggregates in a sealed container just below 100 % relative humidity 3.3 aggregate size designation of aggregate in terms of lower (d) and upper (D) sieve sizes Note 1 to entry: This designation accepts the presence of some particles which will be retained on the upper sieve (oversize) and some which will pass the lower sieve (undersize). 3.4 constant mass mass determined after successive weighings at least 1 h apart not differing by more than 0,1 % Note 1 to entry: In many cases constant mass can be achieved after a test portion has been dried for a pre-determined period in a specified oven at (110 ± 5) °C. Test laboratories can determine the time required to achieve constant mass for specific types and sizes of sample dependent upon the drying capacity of the oven used. 3.5 test portion sample used as a whole in a single test SIST EN 1097-10:2014

EN 1097-10:2014 (E) 6 4 Principle A test portion of dry aggregate in a vertical tube is brought into direct contact with a free water surface, allowing the aggregate to take up water by suction. When equilibrium is reached, the water suction height is determined from the moisture content variation within the test portion. NOTE 1 The water suction height may be affected by the relative humidity. For this reason, the hygro

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