The European Standard specifies a method to assess the sensitivity of natural stones when exposed to accidental staining. It defines a procedure for the application of the stains, the cleaning and the assessment of the surface appearance after cleaning. It also covers the possibility to assess the efficiency of a surface treatment.  Note that the method does not intend to present any de-staining technique.

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This document informs users about the source materials that have been considered in the development of the aggregate standards:
-   EN 12620 'Aggregates for concrete';
-   EN 13043 'Aggregates for bituminous mixtures and surface treatments for roads, airfields and other trafficked are-as';
-   EN 13139 'Aggregates for mortar';
-   EN 13242 'Aggregates for unbound and hydraulically bound materials for use in civil engineering work and road construction';
-   EN 13383-1 'Armourstone - Part 1: Product standard';
-   EN 13450 'Aggregates for railway ballast';
-   EN 13055 'Lightweight aggregates';
Only source materials with a history of use in one or more member states are included in this document. It also specifies source material with a history of use for the scope of only one specific aggregate standard.

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  • Technical specification
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This document specifies the nominal sizes of apertures for test sieves used for determination of particle size of aggregates.
It applies to
-   test sieves of perforated metal plate having square holes of size from 4 mm and up to 125 mm;
-   test sieves of metal wire cloth having apertures sizes below 4 mm down to 0,063 mm.

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This European Standard describes the reference method, the Los Angeles test, used for type testing and in case of dispute (and an alternative method, the impact test) for determining the resistance to fragmentation of coarse aggregates and aggregates for railway ballast (Annex A). For other purposes, in particular factory production control, other methods may be used provided that an appropriate working relationship with the reference method has been established.
This European Standard applies to natural, manufactured or recycled aggregates used in building and civil engineering.

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This Standard describes the reference method used for type testing and in cases of dispute for
determining the polished stone value (PSV) of a coarse aggregate used in road surfacings. For other
purposes, in particular factory production control, other methods may be used provided that an
appropriate working relationship with the reference method has been established.
Annex A describes an optional method for the determination of the aggregate abrasion value (AAV).
NOTE The AAV method should be used when particular types of skid resistant aggregates (typically those with a PSV of 60 or greater) which can be susceptible to abrasion under traffic, are required.
The sample shall be taken from normal run of production from the plant.
NOTE Chippings that have been freshly crushed in the laboratory or recovered from bituminous materials may give misleading results.

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This document describes the reference method used for type testing and in case of dispute for determining the polished stone value (PSV) of a coarse aggregate used in road surfacings. For other purposes, in particular factory production control, other methods are possible provided that an appropriate working relationship with the reference method has been established. Examples of advanced test methods can be found in the Bibliography.
Annex A describes an optional method for the determination of the aggregate abrasion value (AAV).
NOTE 1   The AAV method is suitable to use when particular types of skid resistant aggregates, (typically those with a PSV of 60 or greater) which can be susceptible to abrasion under traffic, are required.
The sample is taken from normal run of production from the plant.
NOTE 2   Chippings that have been freshly crushed in the laboratory or recovered from bituminous materials may give misleading results.

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This document describes the reference method, the Los Angeles test, used for type testing and in case of dispute (and an alternative method, the impact test) for determining the resistance to fragmentation of coarse aggregates (main text) and aggregates for railway ballast (Annex A). For other purposes, in particular factory production control, other methods are possible provided that an appropriate working relationship with the reference method has been established.
This document applies to natural, manufactured or recycled aggregates used in building and civil engineering.
Annex A describes a method for the determination of resistance to fragmentation of aggregates for railway ballast.
Annex B gives alternative narrow range classifications for the Los Angeles test and the impact test.
Annex C contains construction, operation and safety requirements for the impact tester.
Annex D describes a method for checking of the impact tester.
Annex E gives precision data.
Annex F contains a worked example of calculation of impact value SZ.
Annex G gives an alternative narrow range classification for the Los Angeles test of 16/32 mm recycled aggregates.
Annex H proposes an additional sieve for the evaluation of the Los Angeles test for railway ballast.
Annex A is normative and Annexes B to H are informative.

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This document specifies requirements and appropriate test methods for slabs and cut-to-size products of agglomerated stone which are made for use as vanity and kitchen tops, or other similar use in furnishing (e.g. splash zone).
NOTE   "Agglomerated stones" are nowadays commercially termed "engineered-stones".
This document does not cover secondary operations including site installation.

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This document specifies a test method to assess the relative resistance of natural stones with an open porosity of greater than 5 %, measured in accordance with EN 1936, to damage caused by the crystallization of salts. The test is not necessary for low porosity stones.

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This document specifies a test method to assess the relative resistance of natural stones with an open porosity of greater than 5 %, measured in accordance with EN 1936, to damage caused by the crystallization of salts. The test is not necessary for low porosity stones.

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This document specifies requirements and appropriate test methods for slabs and cut-to-size products of agglomerated stone which are made for use as vanity and kitchen tops, or other similar use in furnishing (e.g. splash zone).
NOTE   "Agglomerated stones" are commercially termed "engineered-stones".
This document does not cover secondary operations including site installation.

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This document describes methods for verifying the geometric characteristics of products of natural stone such as rough blocks, rough slabs, finished products for cladding, flooring, stairs and modular tiles and paving units (slabs, setts and kerbs). These methods can be applied in the case of a dispute between two parties, they are not compulsory for production control.
Other measuring equipment can be used as long as their precision can be demonstrated to be equal or better than the ones mentioned here.
It is essential that all weighing, measuring and testing equipment are calibrated or retraceable to measurement standards and regularly inspected according to documented procedures, frequencies and criteria. It is important that the expression of the dimensional characteristics is in accordance with the appropriate class of the measured product.

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This document describes methods for verifying the geometric characteristics of products of natural stone such as rough blocks, rough slabs, finished products for cladding, flooring, stairs and modular tiles and paving units (slabs, setts and kerbs). These methods can be applied in the case of a dispute between two parties, they are not compulsory for production control.
Other measuring equipment can be used as long as their precision can be demonstrated to be equal or better than the ones mentioned here.
It is essential that all weighing, measuring and testing equipment are calibrated or retraceable to measurement standards and regularly inspected according to documented procedures, frequencies and criteria. It is important that the expression of the dimensional characteristics is in accordance with the appropriate class of the measured product.

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This document specifies a method for determining the flexural and compressive strength of moulded mortar specimens. This document is applicable to cement/air-lime mortars, air-lime mortars, mortars with hydraulic binders and retarded mortars.

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This European Standard specifies sampling and test methods for natural, artificial and recycled aggregates for use as armourstone. This European Standard specifies the reference methods to be used for type testing and in case of dispute where an alternative method has been used. For other purposes, in particular factory production control, other methods may be used provided that an appropriate working relationship with the test method has been established.

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies methods for making technical petrographic descriptions of natural stone, except for roofing slates. For this product, the method for the petrographic examination is defined in EN 12326-2. Although chemical and physical methods of analysis are required for petrographic classification of some stone types, these methods will not be described in this standard.

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This European Standard defines the recommended terminology covering scientific and technical terms, test methods, products, and the classification of Natural Stones. This standard does not cover roofing slate, for roofing slate see EN 12326-1 and EN 12326-2.

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This document defines the recommended terminology covering scientific and technical terms, test methods, products, and the classification of Natural Stones. This document does not cover roofing slate, for roofing slate see EN 12326-1 and EN 12326-2.

  • Standard
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This document specifies sampling and test methods for natural, artificial and recycled aggregates for use as armourstone. This document specifies the reference methods to be used for type testing and in case of dispute where an alternative method has been used. For other purposes, in particular factory production control, other methods may be used provided that an appropriate working relationship with the test method has been established.

  • Standard
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This document specifies methods for making technical petrographic descriptions of natural stone, except for roofing slates. For this product, the method for the petrographic examination is defined in EN 12326-2. Although chemical and physical methods of analysis are required for petrographic classification of some stone types, these methods will not be described in this standard.

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This European Standard specifies a method to assess possible alterations of natural stones (mainly visible sensitivity to oxidation processes) under the effect of sudden changes in temperature (thermal shock).

  • Standard
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This document specifies a method to assess possible alterations of natural stones (mainly visible sensitivity to oxidation processes) under the effect of sudden changes in temperature (thermal shock).

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This draft European Standard specifies requirements and appropriate test methods for slabs and cut to size products (cut to size slabs, special pieces, treads and risers) of agglomerated stones, which are made for use as flooring and stairs in pedestrian areas for internal and external uses including those in enclosed public transport premises. It also provides for the evaluation of conformity and marking of the products to the requirements of this draft European Standard.
This draft European Standard covers tactility but only for products the intended use of which requires this performance.
This draft European Standard does not cover visibility requirements. Rough slabs are excluded from the scope of this draft European Standard.
Products covered by the standards EN 15285, EN 13198, EN 13748 1 and EN 13748 2 are also excluded of the scope of the present draft European Standard.

  • Standard
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This draft European Standard specifies characteristics and appropriate test methods for slabs and cut to size products (cut to size slabs, special pieces, treads and risers) of agglomerated stones, which are made for use as flooring and stairs in pedestrian areas for internal and external uses including those in enclosed public transport premises. It also provides for the assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP) and marking of the products to the requirements of this draft European Standard.
This draft European Standard covers tactility but only for products the intended use of which requires this performance.
This draft European Standard does not cover visibility requirements. Rough slabs are excluded from the scope of this draft European Standard.
Products covered by the standards EN 15285, EN 13198, EN 13748 1 and EN 13748 2 are also excluded from the scope of the present European Standard.

  • Standard
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This European Standard establishes the criteria for the designation of natural stone from raw material to finished products.

  • Standard
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This document specifies two test methods to determine the abrasion resistance of natural stones used for flooring in buildings.

  • Standard
    16 pages
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This European Standard establishes the criteria for the designation of natural stone from raw material to finished products.

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies two test methods to determine the abrasion resistance of natural stones used for flooring in buildings.

  • Standard
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This Technical Report applies to natural stone products intended for masonry elements, wall coverings (including tiles), interior floor and stair finishes (including tiles) and exterior floor and stair finishes (including paving), as well as massive stone elements. It provides guidance for the application and the use of natural stone products in accordance with European product standards. This document does not deal with coatings or staining problems, and does not take into account treatments which may modify the performance characteristics of the materials. This document does not apply to agglomerated stones and aggregates.

  • Technical report
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This Technical Report applies to natural stone products intended for masonry elements, wall coverings (including tiles), interior floor and stair finishes (including tiles) and exterior floor and stair finishes (including paving), as well as massive stone elements. It provides guidance for the application and the use of natural stone products in accordance with European product standards. This document does not deal with coatings or staining problems, and does not take into account treatments which may modify the performance characteristics of the materials. This document does not apply to agglomerated stones and aggregates.

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This European Standard specifies the properties of Lightweight Aggregates (LWA) and fillers derived thereof obtained by processing natural or manufactured materials and mixtures of these aggregates for concrete, mortar and grout, bituminous mixtures and surface treatments and for unbound and hydraulically bound applications in construction works.
This European Standard covers LWA of mineral origin having particle densities not exceeding 2000 kg/m3 (2,000 Mg/m3) or loose bulk densities not exceeding 1200 kg/m3 (1,200 Mg/m3) including:
a)   natural LWA;
b)   LWA manufactured from natural materials;
c)   LWA manufactured from by-products of industrial processes or from recycled source materials;
d)   LWA as by-products of industrial processes.
A list of source materials and specific materials, which are within the scope of this standard, is given in Annex A (normative).
NOTE   Recycled aggregates from construction and demolition waste and Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator Bottom Ash (MIBA) are covered by standards EN 12620, EN 13043, EN 13139 and EN 13242.
Some LWA for specific applications are covered in separate European product standards (Annex B, normative).
The requirements specified in this standard may not be equally relevant to all types of LWA. For particular applications, the requirements and tolerances can be adapted for the end use.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of flexural strength under a concentrated load (breaking resistance) of agglomerated stone flat products.

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of flexural strength under a concentrated load (breaking resistance) of agglomerated stone flat products.

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies the properties of Lightweight Aggregates (LWA) and fillers derived thereof obtained by processing natural or manufactured materials and mixtures of these aggregates for concrete, mortar and grout, bituminous mixtures and surface treatments and for unbound and hydraulically bound applications in construction works.
This European Standard covers LWA of mineral origin having particle densities not exceeding 2000 kg/m3 (2,000 Mg/m3) or loose bulk densities not exceeding 1200 kg/m3 (1,200 Mg/m3) including:
a)   natural LWA;
b)   LWA manufactured from natural materials;
c)   LWA manufactured from by-products of industrial processes or from recycled source materials;
d)   LWA as by-products of industrial processes.
A list of source materials and specific materials, which are within the scope of this standard, is given in Annex A (normative).
NOTE   Recycled aggregates from construction and demolition waste and Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator Bottom Ash (MIBA) are covered by standards EN 12620, EN 13043, EN 13139 and EN 13242.
Some LWA for specific applications are covered in separate European product standards (Annex B, normative).
The requirements specified in this standard may not be equally relevant to all types of LWA. For particular applications, the requirements and tolerances can be adapted for the end use.

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies a method for determining the compressive strength of masonry units.

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies the characteristics and performance requirements of manufactured stone masonry units for which the main intended uses are facing or exposed masonry in load bearing or non-load bearing building and civil engineering applications. The units are suitable for all forms of coursed or random masonry walling, including single leaf, cavity, partition, retaining and the external masonry to chimneys. They can provide fire protection, thermal insulation, sound insulation and sound absorption. This standard covers concrete masonry units manufactured to resemble natural stone using casting or pressing techniques with or without textured surfaces produced, by casting, splitting, washing, blasting or tooling and with or without variable outline effects. It covers homogeneous masonry units and those consisting of different facing and backing concrete mixes but excludes those manufactured with an adhesive bonded decorative face. This standard does not cover masonry units intended to conform to EN 771-3. It defines the performance related to e.g. strength, density, dimensional accuracy, surface appearance and provides for the evaluation of conformity of the product to this European Standard. The marking requirements for products covered by this European Standard are also included. This European Standard does not apply to storey height panels, masonry units used for chimney flues or units manufactured with an adhesive bonded decorative face. It does not include products intended to be used as a damp proof course nor does it specify standard sizes for manufactured stone masonry units or work dimensions and angles of specially shaped units. It does not cover units with an incorporated thermal insulation material bonded to the faces of the unit susceptible to be exposed to fire.

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies the characteristics and performance requirements of masonry units manufactured from natural stone the width of which is equal to or greater than 80 mm, for which the main intended uses are common, facing or exposed masonry units in loadbearing or non-loadbearing building and civil engineering applications These units are suitable for all forms of coursed or random masonry walling, including single leaf, cavity, partition, retaining and the external masonry to chimneys. They can provide fire protection, thermal insulation, sound insulation and sound absorption.
This European Standard includes natural stone masonry units of an overall non-rectangular parallelepiped shape, specially shaped and accessory units for internal and external application.
It defines the performance related to e.g. strength, petrographic description, density, porosity, dimensional accuracy, thermal conductivity, water absorption, and frost resistance and provides for the !assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP)" of the product to this European Standard. The marking requirements for products covered by this European Standard are also included.
This European Standard does not cover storey height panels, natural stone for paving, chimney flue linings nor units intended for use as damp proof course.

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies the characteristics and performance requirements of calcium silicate masonry units for which the main intended uses are inner walls, outer walls, cellars, foundations and external chimney masonry.
This European Standard is intended to apply to all calcium silicate masonry units, including those of an overall nonrectangular parallelepiped shape, specially shaped and accessory units.
It defines the performance related to e.g. strength, density and dimensional accuracy, measured according to the corresponding test methods contained in separate European Standards.
It provides for the !assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP)" of the product to this European Standard. The marking requirement for products covered by this document is also included.
This European Standard does not specify standard sizes for calcium silicate masonry units, nor standard work dimensions and angles of specially shaped and accessory units.
It does not cover units with more than 60 % volume of voids, nor products made from shale as a major raw material.
It does not cover storey height panels.
It does not cover units intended for use as a damp proof course, nor units with an incorporated thermal insulation material bonded to the faces of the unit susceptible to be exposed to fire, nor chimney flue units.

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies the characteristics and performance requirements of masonry units manufactured from natural stone the width of which is equal to or greater than 80 mm, for which the main intended uses are common, facing or exposed masonry units in loadbearing or non-loadbearing building and civil engineering applications These units are suitable for all forms of coursed or random masonry walling, including single leaf, cavity, partition, retaining and the external masonry to chimneys. They can provide fire protection, thermal insulation, sound insulation and sound absorption.
This European Standard includes natural stone masonry units of an overall non-rectangular parallelepiped shape, specially shaped and accessory units for internal and external application.
It defines the performance related to e.g. strength, petrographic description, density, porosity, dimensional accuracy, thermal conductivity, water absorption, and frost resistance and provides for the !assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP)" of the product to this European Standard. The marking requirements for products covered by this European Standard are also included.
This European Standard does not cover storey height panels, natural stone for paving, chimney flue linings nor units intended for use as damp proof course.

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This European Standard describes the reference method used for type testing and in case of dispute for the determination of the sand equivalent value of 0/2 mm fraction (for 0/4 mm, see Annex A) in fine aggregates or all-in aggregates. For other purposes, in particular factory production control, other methods may be used provided that an appropriate working relationship with the reference method has been established.

  • Standard
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This European Standard describes the reference method used for type testing and in case of dispute for the determination of the sand equivalent value of 0/2 mm fraction (for 0/4 mm, see Annex A) in fine aggregates or all-in aggregates. For other purposes, in particular factory production control, other methods may be used provided that an appropriate working relationship with the reference method has been established.

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This document specifies requirements for flat modular tiles of natural stone which are made for use as flooring, stairs, cladding and ceiling finishes. It does not cover mineral aggregates and artificial agglomerated stone material and does not cover installation.

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies requirements for slabs of natural stone which are made for use as cladding and ceiling finishes. It does not cover aggregates and artificially agglomerated stony material and does not cover installation for cladding.
NOTE   It does not cover roofing slates used as external cladding and slates and stone products for discontinuous roofing.

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies requirements for flat natural stone slabs fabricated for use as floor and stair coverings. It does not cover mineral aggregates and artificial agglomerated stone material and does not cover installation.

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies requirements for flat modular tiles of natural stone which are made for internal (including enclosed public transport premises) and/or external uses as floorings, stairs and wall and ceiling finishes. This European Standard does not cover mineral aggregates and artificial agglomerated stone material and does not cover installation.

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies requirements for slabs of natural stone that are made for use as cladding for internal and external wall and ceiling finishes. This European Standard does not cover aggregates and artificially agglomerated stone material and does not cover installation. Furthermore, this European Standard does not cover roofing slates used as external cladding and slates and stone products for discontinuous roofing. This European Standard does not consider fixing by means of mortar and adhesives.

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies requirements for flat natural stone slabs used as paving units for internal (including enclosed public transport premises) and/or external uses in floors and stairs including skirtings. This European Standard does not cover mineral aggregates and artificial agglomerated stone material and does not cover installation.

  • Standard
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EN 12326-1 specifies requirements for slate and carbonate slate for discontinuous roofing and external cladding, as defined in 3.1, and 3.2, used for assembly into discontinuous roofing and external cladding. For the purposes of this European Standard, slates and carbonate slates have been classified. This European Standard does not apply to products for roofing or external cladding made from the following: a) stone other than those defined in 3.1 and 3.2; b) concrete; c) polymeric materials; d) fibre reinforced cement; e) metal; f) clay. This European Standard is not applicable to roofing and cladding slates used internally. This European Standard is not applicable to bonded cladding (cladding fixed with adhesives) and cladding fixed with dowels and cramps.

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies requirements for slate and carbonate slate for discontinuous roofing and external cladding, as defined in 3.1, and 3.2, used for assembly into discontinuous roofing and external cladding.
For the purposes of this European Standard, slates and carbonate slates have been classified.
This European Standard does not apply to products for roofing or external cladding made from the following:
a)   stone other than those defined in 3.1 and 3.2;
b)   concrete;
c)   polymeric materials;
d)   fibre reinforced cement;
e)   metal;
f)   clay.
This European Standard is not applicable to roofing and cladding slates used internally.
This European Standard is not applicable to bonded cladding (cladding fixed with adhesives) and cladding fixed with dowels and cramps.
NOTE 1   Requirements for internal wall lining slate are specified in EN 1469.
This document does not include requirements for appearance.
NOTE 2   Some general guidance for appearance is given in Annex A.
This European Standard does not include installation rules for slates.
NOTE 3   References to national recommendations on methods of construction for slate roofs are given in Annex C.
NOTE 4   Where the term "slate" is used in this document it means slate and carbonate slate unless otherwise indicated.

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EN 1097-10 specifies the reference method, used for type testing and in case of dispute, for determining the water suction height of an aggregate in direct contact with a free water surface. For other purposes, in particular production control, other methods may be used, provided that an appropriate working relationship with the reference methods has been established.

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