Terrestrial Trunked Radio (TETRA); Speech codec for full-rate traffic channel; Part 3: Specific operating features

The present document describes all the functions associated with the TETRA speech codec, except the specification of the codec by itself which is entirely defined in EN 300 395-2 [1]. Clause 4 of the present document provides a description of the functions associated with the speech encoder, while clause 5 is its counterpart for the speech decoder. Clause 6 describes the contents and the format of the signalling data block included in a stolen frame when used for transferring information relevant to the codec in a U-plane signalling message. In addition, annex A provides indications and preferred solutions for the implementation of optional features.

Prizemni snopovni radio (TETRA) – Govorni kodek za kanal s polno hitrostjo – 3. del: Posebne obratovalne lastnosti

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
31-Mar-2006
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
01-Apr-2006
Due Date
01-Apr-2006
Completion Date
01-Apr-2006

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 300 395-3 V1.2.1:2006
01-april-2006
Prizemni snopovni radio (TETRA) – Govorni kodek za kanal s polno hitrostjo – 3.
del: Posebne obratovalne lastnosti

Terrestrial Trunked Radio (TETRA); Speech codec for full-rate traffic channel; Part 3:

Specific operating features
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 300 395-3 Version 1.2.1
ICS:
33.070.10 Prizemni snopovni radio Terrestrial Trunked Radio
(TETRA) (TETRA)
SIST EN 300 395-3 V1.2.1:2006 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 300 395-3 V1.2.1:2006
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SIST EN 300 395-3 V1.2.1:2006
ETSI EN 300 395-3 V1.2.1 (2005-01)
European Standard (Telecommunications series)
Terrestrial Trunked Radio (TETRA);
Speech codec for full-rate traffic channel;
Part 3: Specific operating features
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 300 395-3 V1.2.1:2006
2 ETSI EN 300 395-3 V1.2.1 (2005-01)
Reference
REN/TETRA-05118-3
Keywords
codec, TETRA
ETSI
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Copyright Notification
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The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© European Telecommunications Standards Institute 2005.
All rights reserved.
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ETSI
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SIST EN 300 395-3 V1.2.1:2006
3 ETSI EN 300 395-3 V1.2.1 (2005-01)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights................................................................................................................................4

Foreword.............................................................................................................................................................4

1 Scope........................................................................................................................................................5

2 References................................................................................................................................................5

3 Definitions and abbreviations...................................................................................................................5

3.1 Definitions..........................................................................................................................................................5

3.2 Abbreviations.....................................................................................................................................................5

4 TETRA Speech encoder...........................................................................................................................6

4.1 Encoder homing function...................................................................................................................................7

4.1.1 Definition of encoder homing frame.............................................................................................................7

4.1.2 Encoder homing............................................................................................................................................7

4.2 Speech importance function...............................................................................................................................7

4.3 Comfort noise function.......................................................................................................................................7

4.4 Frame stealing function......................................................................................................................................8

4.5 Test mode functions ...........................................................................................................................................8

4.6 Encryption interface...........................................................................................................................................8

5 TETRA Speech decoder...........................................................................................................................8

5.1 Encryption interface...........................................................................................................................................9

5.2 Decoder homing function.................................................................................................................................10

5.2.1 Definition of decoder homing frame...........................................................................................................10

5.2.2 Decoder homing..........................................................................................................................................10

5.3 Missing frame generation.................................................................................................................................10

5.4 Missing frame substitution ...............................................................................................................................10

5.5 Test mode functions .........................................................................................................................................10

6 Signalling data block format ..................................................................................................................11

7 AMR speech encoder and decoder.........................................................................................................12

Annex A (informative): Implementation of optional features ............................................................13

A.1 Speech importance calculation...............................................................................................................13

A.2 Voice Activity Detection (VAD) ...........................................................................................................13

A.3 Discontinuous Transmission (DTX)......................................................................................................13

A.4 CNF computation...................................................................................................................................13

A.5 Missing Frame Generation (MFG).........................................................................................................13

A.5.1 Error concealment............................................................................................................................................13

A.5.2 Comfort noise generation.................................................................................................................................14

A.6 Setting BFI.............................................................................................................................................14

A.7 U-plane frame stealing ...........................................................................................................................14

A.8 Receiver muting.....................................................................................................................................14

A.9 Response to U-plane signalling..............................................................................................................14

Annex B (informative): Bibliography...................................................................................................15

History ..............................................................................................................................................................16

ETSI
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SIST EN 300 395-3 V1.2.1:2006
4 ETSI EN 300 395-3 V1.2.1 (2005-01)
Intellectual Property Rights

IPRs essential or potentially essential to the present document may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (http://webapp.etsi.org/IPR/home.asp).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Foreword

This European Standard (Telecommunications series) has been produced by ETSI Project Terrestrial Trunked Radio

(TETRA).

The present document is part 3 of a multi-part deliverable covering speech codec for full-rate traffic channel, as

identified below:
Part 1: "General description of speech functions";
Part 2: "TETRA codec";
Part 3: "Specific operating features";
Part 4: "Codec conformance testing".
National transposition dates
Date of adoption of this EN: 21 January 2005
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 30 April 2005
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 31 October 2005
Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 31 October 2005
ETSI
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SIST EN 300 395-3 V1.2.1:2006
5 ETSI EN 300 395-3 V1.2.1 (2005-01)
1 Scope

The present document describes all the functions associated with the TETRA speech codec, except the specification of

the codec by itself which is entirely defined in EN 300 395-2 [1].

Clause 4 of the present document provides a description of the functions associated with the speech encoder, while

clause 5 is its counterpart for the speech decoder.

Clause 6 describes the contents and the format of the signalling data block included in a stolen frame when used for

transferring information relevant to the codec in a U-plane signalling message.

In addition, annex A provides indications and preferred solutions for the implementation of optional features.

2 References

The following documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of the present

document.

• References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific.
• For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.
• For a non-specific reference, the latest version applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

http://docbox.etsi.org/Reference.

[1] ETSI EN 300 395-2: "Terrestrial Trunked Radio (TETRA); Speech codec for full-rate traffic

channel; Part 2: TETRA codec".

[2] ETSI EN 300 392-7: "Terrestrial Trunked Radio (TETRA); Voice plus Data (V+D);

Part 7: Security".
3 Definitions and abbreviations
3.1 Definitions

For the purposes of the present document, the terms and definitions given in EN 300 392-2, clause 3 apply.

3.2 Abbreviations

For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in EN 300 392-2, clause 3 and the following apply:

AMR Adaptive Multi-Rate
BFI Bad Frame Indicator
CNF Comfort Noise Frame
DTX Discontinuous Transmission
LTP Long Term Predictor
MAC Medium Access Control
MFG Missing Frame Generation
PCM Pulse Coded Modulation
RMS Root Mean Square
VAD Voice Activity Detector
ETSI
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SIST EN 300 395-3 V1.2.1:2006
6 ETSI EN 300 395-3 V1.2.1 (2005-01)
4 TETRA Speech encoder

A diagram of the speech encoder and associated functions is given in figure 1. A more general overview is given in

EN 300 395-1. The speech encoder is defined in EN 300 395-2 [1] and the other functions form the speech encoder

control unit. The speech encoder control unit shall have access to all the internal data and functions of the speech

encoder (including the input speech).
SPEECH ENCODER
2 Reset
TEST MODE ENCODER HOMING
FUNCTIONS FUNCTION
FRAME STEALING COMFORT NOISE SPEECH IMPORTANCE
FUNCTION FUNCTION FUNCTION
ENCRYPTION
INTERFACE
Speech Encoder Control
1) 16-bit uniform PCM, 8 000 samples/s.
2) Encoded speech frame 30 ms, 137 bits/frame.
3) Encoded speech frame in "TMD_UNITDATA_request" message.
4) Stolen indication in "TMD_REPORT_indication" message.
5) Test mode control.
Figure 1: Overview of speech encoder specific operating features

The speech encoder as defined in EN 300 395-2 [1] shall receive speech in the form of 16-bit uniform PCM at a rate of

8 000 samples per second.

The coded data corresponding to each 30 ms speech frame shall be output from the speech encoder control unit via the

encryption interface to the encryption unit (or directly to the MAC if encryption is not used). The interfaces with the

encryption unit, namely interface points 3 and 4 in figure 1, shall be as defined in EN 300 392-7 [2], clause 7. Message

"TMD_UNITDATA_ request" is the means of conveying half-slots from the U-plane to the MAC, while

"TMD_REPORT_indication" enables the MAC to pass control information to the U-plane.

Comfort noise parameters may be generated and their presence in the coded speech data shall be indicated by a U-plane

signalling message conveyed using the frame stealing mechanism.
A speech importance indication shall be provided.

The presence of a homing sequence in the input speech shall be recognized and the encoder reset to a defined state.

All functions necessary to support conformance testing shall be implemented.
ETSI
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SIST EN 300 395-3 V1.2.1:2006
7 ETSI EN 300 395-3 V1.2.1 (2005-01)

An appropriate U_device destination address shall be set for each half slot of coded speech data to allow correct routing

at the receiver.
4.1 Encoder homing function
4.1.1 Definition of encoder homing frame

The encoder homing frame shall consist of 240 identical samples (corresponding to a 30 ms speech frame), each 16 bits

long with the value 0x0008.
NOTE: 0x0008 is a number represented in hexadecimal notation.
4.1.2 Encoder homing

Whenever the speech encoder receives at its input an encoder homing frame exactly aligned with its internal speech

frame segmentation, the following events shall take place:
Step 1: the speech encoder performs its normal operation and produces a spe
...

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