Safety of toys - Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties

This European Standard specifies requirements and methods of  tests for mechanical and physical properties of toys. This  European Standard applies to toys for children, toys being any  product or material designed or clearly intended for use in play by  children of less than 14 years. It refers to new toys taking into  account the period of foreseeable and normal use, and that the  toys are used as intended or in a foreseeable way, bearing in  mind the normal behaviour of children. It includes specific  requirements for toys intended for children under 36 months and  for children who are too young to sit up unaided. For the purpose  of this European Standard, soft-filled toys with simple features  intended for holding and cuddling are considered as toys intended  for children under 36 months. This European Standard also  specifies requirements for packaging, marking and labelling. This  European Standard does not cover musical instruments, sports  equipment or similar items but does include their toy  counterparts. This European Standard does not cover electrical  safety aspects of toys. These are covered by EN 50088, Safety  of electric toys. Furthermore, it does not cover the following items  which, for the purpose of this European Standard, are not  considered as toys: - Christmas decorations (see A.2); - detailed  scale models for adult collectors (see A.2); - equipment intended  to be used collectively in playgrounds; - sports equipment; -  aquatic equipment intended to be used in deep water; - folk dolls  and decorative dolls and other similar articles for adult collectors;  - "professional" toys installed in public places (shopping centres,  stations etc.) (see A.2); - puzzles with more than 500 pieces or  without picture, intended for specialists; - air guns and air pistols  (see A.2); - fireworks, including percussion caps except  percussion caps specifically designed for toys; - slings and  catapults (see A.2); - sets of darts with metallic points; - electric  ovens, irons or other functional products operated at a nominal  voltage exceeding 24 V; - products containing heating elements  intended for use under the supervision of an adult in a teaching  context; - vehicles with combustion engines (see A.2); - toy  steam engines; - bicycles designed for sport or for travel on the  public highway; - video toys that can be connected to a video  screen, operated at a nominal voltage exceeding 24V; - babies'  dummies (soothers); - faithful reproductions of real fire arms; -  fashion jewellery for children (see A.2). Also, for the purpose of  this European Standard, the following items are not considered  as toys: - flotation aids such as arm bands and swim seats (see  A.23); - swimming goggles, sunglasses and other eye protectors  as well as bicycle and skateboard helmets (see A.19); - items  that are propelled into free flight by a child releasing an elastic  band (e.g. aeroplanes and -rockets). These are considered as  catapults (see 11th indent above); - bows for archery with an  overall relaxed length exceeding 120 cm.

Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 1: Mechanische und physikalische Eigenschaften

Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für die mechanischen und physikalischen Eigen¬schaften von Spielzeug fest.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Kinderspielzeug, d. h. für alle Erzeugnisse oder Materialien, die konstruiert bzw. ein¬deutig dafür bestimmt sind, von Kindern unter 14 Jahren zum Spielen benutzt zu werden. Es gilt für Spielzeug im Neuzustand, berücksichtigt jedoch sowohl die bei bestimmungsgemäßem bzw. vorhersehbarem Gebrauch vorhersehbare, übliche Benutzungsdauer als auch das übliche kindgemäße Verhalten.
Es enthält spezifische Anforderungen an Spielzeug für Kinder unter 36 Monaten und für Kinder, die zu jung sind, um ohne Hilfe sitzen zu können. Spielzeug mit weicher Füllung und einfachen Formen zum Halten und Kuscheln wird für die Anwendung dieser Europäischen Norm als Spielzeug für Kinder unter 36 Monaten eingestuft.
Diese Europäische Norm legt ferner Anforderungen an Verpackung, Kennzeichnung und Beschriftung fest.
Diese Europäische Norm erfasst keine Musikinstrumente, Sportgeräte und Ähnliches. Es schließt jedoch deren ent¬sprechende Spielzeugvarianten ein.
Aspekte der elektrotechnischen Sicherheit des Spielzeugs werden in dieser Europäischen Norm nicht erfasst. Diese sind Inhalt von EN 50088 „Sicherheit elektrischer Spielzeuge“.
Außerdem werden folgende Erzeugnisse, die für die Anwendung dieser Europäischen Norm nicht als Spielzeug gelten, nicht behandelt:
   Christbaumschmuck (siehe A.2);
   naturgetreu nachgebildete Modelle für erwachsene Sammler (siehe A.2);
   Geräte, die gemeinschaftlich auf Spielplätzen verwendet werden;
   Wassersportgeräte zur Verwendung in tiefem Wasser;
   Folklorepuppen sowie dekorative Puppen und ähnliche Artikel für erwachsene Sammler;
   „professionelles“ Spielzeug, das an öffentlich zugänglichen Orten (Kaufhäusern, Bahnhöfen usw.) aufge¬stellt ist (siehe A.2);
   Puzzlespiele mit mehr als 500 Teilen bzw. ohne Vorlage für Spezialisten;
   Druckluftwaffen (siehe A.2);

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 1: Propriétés mécaniques et physiques

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences et les méthodes d'essai pour les propriétés mécaniques et physiques des jouets.
La présente Norme européenne s'applique aux jouets pour enfants ; on entend par «jouet» tout produit ou matériau conçu ou manifestement destiné à être utilisé à des fins de jeux par des enfants d'un âge inférieur à 14 ans. Il fait référence à des jouets neufs et en tenant compte de la durée d’utilisation normale et prévisible et de conditions normales ou prévisibles d’utilisation des jouets, eu égard au comportement habituel des enfants.
Elle comporte des exigences spécifiques pour les jouets destinés aux enfants de moins de 36 mois et à ceux qui sont trop jeunes pour s'asseoir tout seuls. Pour les besoins de la présente Norme européenne, les jouets souples rembourrés simples à tenir et câliner sont considérés comme des jouets destinés aux enfants de moins de 36 mois.
La présente Norme européenne spécifie également des exigences relatives à l'emballage, au marquage et à l'étiquetage.
Elle ne traite pas des instruments de musique, des équipements de sports ou autres produits semblables mais elle concerne leurs contreparties en jouet.
Elle ne traite pas de l'aspect de sécurité électrique des jouets, qui fait l'objet de l'EN 50088, Sécurité des jouets électriques.
En outre, elle ne traite pas des articles qui, pour les besoins de la présente Norme européenne, ne sont pas considérés comme des jouets :
   les ornements de Noël (voir A.2) ;
   les modèles réduits, construits à l'échelle en détails pour collectionneurs adultes (voir A.2) ;
   les équipements destinés à être utilisés collectivement sur des terrains de jeu ;
   les équipements de sports ;
   les équipements nautiques destinés à être utilisés en eau profonde ;
   les poupées folkloriques et décoratives et autres articles similaires pour collectionneurs adultes ;
   les jouets «professionnels» installés dans des endroits publics (grandes surfaces, gares, etc.) (voir A.2) ;

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SIST EN 71-1:2006+A4:2007
Safety of toys - Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties
Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 1: Mechanische und physikalische Eigenschaften
Sécurité des jouets - Partie 1: Propriétés mécaniques et physiques
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 71-1:2005+A4:2007
97.200.50 ,JUDþH Toys
SIST EN 71-1:2006+A4:2007 en;fr;de
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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EN 71-1:2005+A4


May 2007
ICS 97.200.50 Supersedes EN 71-1:2005
English Version
Safety of toys - Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties
Sécurité des jouets - Partie 1: Propriétés mécaniques et Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 1: Mechanische und
physiques physikalische Eigenschaften
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 19 September 2005 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 10 January 2007,
Amendment 3 approved by CEN on 7 September 2006, Amendment 4 approved by CEN on 13 March 2007 and the Corrigendum issued in

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the
official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.



Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36  B-1050 Brussels
© 2007 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 71-1:2005+A4:2007: E
worldwide for CEN national Members.

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EN 71-1:2005+A4:2007 (E)
Contents Page
Introduction .7
1 Scope (see A.2) .8
2 Normative references .9
3 Terms and definitions .9
4 General requirements.14
4.1 Material (see A.3) .14
4.2 Assembly (see A.4).14
4.3 Flexible plastic sheeting (see A.5 and A.16) .15
4.4 Toy bags .15
4.5 Glass (see 5.7 and A.6).15
4.6 Expanding materials (see A.7).15
4.7 Edges (see A.8) .15
4.8 Points and wires (see A.9) .16
4.9 Protruding parts (see A.10).16
4.10 Parts moving against each other .16
4.10.1 Folding and sliding mechanisms (see A.11).16
4.10.2 Driving mechanisms (see A.12).18
4.10.3 Hinges (see A.13).18
4.10.4 Springs (see A.14).18
4.11 Mouth-actuated toys (see A.15).19
4.12 Balloons (see 4.3 and A.16) .19
4.13 Cords of toy kites and other flying toys (see A.17).19
4.14 Enclosures.19
4.14.1 Toys which a child can enter (see A.18).19
4.14.2 Masks and helmets (see A.19).20
4.15 Toys intended to bear the mass of a child (see A.20).21
4.15.1 Toys propelled by a child or by other means .21
4.15.2 Free-wheeling toy bicycles (see A.20).23
4.15.3 Rocking horses and similar toys (see A.21) .24
4.15.4 Toys not propelled by a child.25
4.15.5 Toy scooters (see A.49) .25
4.16 Heavy immobile toys .26
4.17 Projectiles (see A.22).26
4.17.1 General.26
4.17.2 Projectile toys without stored energy.27
4.17.3 Projectile toys with stored energy .27
4.17.4 Bows and arrows .27
4.18 Aquatic toys (see A.23) .28
4.19 !!Percussion caps specifically designed for use in toys and toys using percussion caps
(see A.24)"""".28
4.20 Acoustics (see A.25).28
4.21 Toys containing a heat source .29
4.22 Small balls (see 5.10 and A.48).29
5 Toys intended for children under 36 months .29
5.1 General requirements (see A.26).29
5.2 Filling materials (see A.27) .30
5.3 Plastic sheeting (see A.28) .30
5.4 Cords on toys (see A.29).31
5.5 Liquid-filled toys (see A.30).31

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EN 71-1:2005+A4:2007 (E)
5.6 Speed limitation of electrically driven toys .32
5.7 Glass and porcelain (see 4.5 and A.6).32
5.8 Shape and size of certain toys (see A.31).32
5.9 Toys comprising monofilament fibres (see A.32) .32
5.10 Small balls (see also 4.22 and A.48).32
5.11 Play figures .33
5.12 Hemispheric-shaped toys (see A.50).33
5.13 Suction cups .35
6 Packaging.36
7 Warnings and instructions for use (see A.33).36
7.1 General .36
7.2 Toys not intended for children under 36 months (see A.34) .36
7.3 Latex balloons (see 4.12 and A.16).37
7.4 Aquatic toys (see 4.18 and A.23) .37
7.5 Functional toys (see A.35).37
7.6 Hazardous sharp functional edges and points (see 4.7 and 4.8) .37
7.7 Projectiles (see 4.17.3 c) and 4.17.4 c)).37
7.8 Imitation protective masks and helmets (see 4.14.2 and A.19) .37
7.9 Toy kites (see 4.13).38
7.10 Roller skates, inline skates and toy skateboards (see
7.11 Toys intended to be strung across a cradle, cot, or perambulator (see 5.4 e)).38
7.12 Liquid-filled teethers (see 5.5).38
7.13 Percussion caps specifically designed for use in toys (see 4.19) .38
7.14 Acoustics (see 4.20 f)).38
7.15 Toy bicycles (see .38
7.16 ''Toys intended to bear the mass of a child (see 4.10.1,, 4.15.3 and 4.15.4)((.39
'' ((
7.17 Toys comprising monofilament fibres (see 5.9).39
7.18 Small balls (see 4.22) .39
7.19 Toy scooters (see
8 Test methods .40
8.1 General requirements for testing.40
8.2 Small parts cylinder (see 4.6, 4.11, 4.18, 5.1, 5.2 and A.36).40
8.3 Torque test (see 4.6, 4.11, 4.14.2, 4.18, 4.22, 5.1, 5.10, 5.12 and 5.13).40
8.4 Tension test (see A.37) .41
8.4.1 Apparatus.41
8.4.2 Procedure.41
8.5 Drop test (see 4.6, 4.10.2, 4.14.2, 4.22, 5.1, 5.10, 5.12 and 5.13).42
8.6 Tip over test (see 4.10.2, 4.22, 5.1, 5.10 and 5.12) .42
8.7 Impact test (see 4.6, 4.10.2, 4.14.2, 4.22, 5.1, 5.10, 5.12, 5.13 and A.38).43
8.8 Compression test (see 4.6, 4.14.2, 4.22, 5.1, 5.10, 5.12, 5.13 and A.39) .43
8.9 Soaking test (see 4.11, 5.1, 5.10 and 5.12) .43
8.10 Accessibility of a part or component (see 4.5, 4.7, 4.8, 4.10.2, 4.10.4,, 4.21, 5.1 and
8.10.1 Principle.43
8.10.2 Apparatus.43
8.10.3 Procedure.43
8.11 Sharpness of edges (see 4.7, 4,9, 4.10.2, 4.14.2, and 5.1) .46
8.11.1 Principle.46
8.11.2 Apparatus.46
8.11.3 Procedure.47
8.12 Sharpness of points (see 4.8, 4.10.2, 4.14.2,, 5.1 and A.40) .47
8.12.1 Principle.47
8.12.2 Apparatus.47
8.12.3 Procedure.48
8.13 Flexibility of wires (see 4.8 and A.41).49
8.14 Expanding materials (see 4.6).49
8.15 Leakage of liquid-filled toys (see 5.5 and A.42) .50
8.16 Geometric shape of certain toys (see 5.8, 5.11 and A.43).50
8.17 ''''Durability of mouth-actuated toys (see 4.11 and A.44) .51

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EN 71-1:2005+A4:2007 (E)
8.17.1 Mouth-actuated projectile toys.51
8.17.2 Other mouth-actuated toys.51
8.18 Folding or sliding mechanisms (see 4.10.1 and A.45) .52
8.18.1 Loads .52
8.18.2 Toy pushchairs and perambulators.52
8.18.3 Other collapsible toys (see 4.10.1 c)).53
8.19 Electric resistivity of cords (see 4.13) .53
8.20 Cord thickness (see 5.4) .53
8.21 Static strength (see,, 4.15.3, 4.15.4 and A.46).53
8.22 Dynamic strength (see
8.22.1 Principle.54
8.22.2 Loads .54
8.22.3 Procedure .55
8.23 Stability .57
8.23.1 Toys intended to bear the mass of a child (see, 4.15.3 and 4.15.4).57
8.23.2 Heavy immobile toys (see 4.16).57
8.24 Determination of kinetic energy (see A.47).57
8.24.1 Kinetic energy of projectiles (see 4.17.3) .57
8.24.2 Kinetic energy of bows and arrows (see 4.17.4).58
8.25 Plastic sheeting.58
8.25.1 Thickness (see 4.3, 5.3 and 6) .58
8.25.2 Adhesion (see 5.3) .58
8.26 Brake performance .58
8.26.1 Brake performance for toys other than toy bicycles (see
8.26.2 Brake performance for toy bicycles (see
8.26.3 Brake performance for toy scooters (see .59
8.27 Strength of toy scooter steering tubes (see
8.27.1 Resistance to downward forces.60
8.27.2 Resistance to upward forces.61
8.28 Determination of emission sound pressure levels (see 4.20).61
8.28.1 Installation and mounting conditions.61
8.28.2 Measurement procedure .63
8.29 Determination of speed of electrically driven ride-on toys (see 5.6).67
8.30 Measurement of temperature rises (see 4.21) .67
8.31 Toy chest lids (see 4.14.1 c)) .67
8.31.1 Lid support .67
8.31.2 Durability test for vertically opening hinged lids .68
8.32 Small balls and suction cups test (see 4.22, 5.10 and 5.13).68
8.33 Test for play figures (see 5.11).68
Annex A (informative) ''''Background and rationale for this standard.69
A.1 General.69
A.2 Scope (see Clause 1).69
A.3 Material (see 4.1).70
A.4 Assembly (see 4.2).70
A.5 Flexible plastic sheeting (see 4.3).70
A.6 Glass (see 4.5 and 5.7) .70
A.7 Expanding materials (see 4.6) .70
A.8 Edges (see 4.7).70
A.9 Points and wires (see 4.8).71
A.10 Protruding parts (see 4.9) .71
A.11 Folding and sliding mechanisms (see 4.10.1) .71
A.12 Driving mechanisms (see 4.10.2) .72
A.13 Hinges (see 4.10.3).72
A.14 Springs (see 4.10.4) .73
A.15 Mouth-actuated toys (see 4.11) .73
A.16 Balloons (see 4.3, 4.12 and 7.3).73
A.17 Cords of toy kites (see 4.13) .73
A.18 Toys which a child can enter (see 4.14.1) .73
A.19 Masks and helmets (see 4.14.2 and 7.8).74
A.20 Toys intended to bear the mass of a child (see 4.15) .74

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EN 71-1:2005+A4:2007 (E)
A.21 Rocking horses and similar toys (see 4.15.3) .75
A.22 Projectiles (see 4.17).75
A.23 Aquatic toys (see 4.18 and 7.4) .75
A.24 Percussion caps specifically designed for use in toys and toys using percussion caps
(see 4.19) .76
A.25 Acoustics (see 4.20).76
A.26 General requirements for toys intended for children under 36 months (see 5.1) .76
A.27 Filling materials (see 5.2).77
A.28 Adhesion of plastic sheeting (see 5.3).77
A.29 Cords on toys (see 5.4).77
A.30 Liquid-filled toys (see 5.5 and A.42) .77
A.31 Shape and size of certain toys (see 5.8 and A.43) .78
A.32 Toys comprising monofilament fibres (see 5.9).78
A.33 Warnings and instructions for use (see 7.1).78
A.34 Warning for toys not intended for children under 36 months (see 7.2).78
A.35 Warnings in connection with functional toys (see 7.5) .78
A.36 Small parts cylinder (see 8.2).78
A.37 Tension test (see 8.4).79
A.38 Impact test (see 8.7) .

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