Food processing machinery - Portion cutting machines - Safety and hygiene requirements

This document covers chop cutting machines and accessories. The extent, to which hazards are covered, is indicated in this document.
This document specifies requirements for design and manufacture of chop cutting machines. The machines covered by this document are used for continuous portioning of fresh, smoked or frozen meat with and without bones or of similar products by separation by means of a blade. This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to machines, appliances and machinery, when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer.
This document deals with the hazards which can arise during commissioning, operation, maintenance and decommissioning of the machine.
The document is not dealing with the specific hazards of loading devices. This document is not applicable to chop cutting machines which are manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.
This document covers the following types of machines:
- chop cutting machines with a discharge chute;
- chop cutting machines with a discharge trough.

Nahrungsmittelmaschinen - Portionsschneidemaschinen - Sicherheits- und Hygieneanforderungen

1.1   Allgemeines
Dieses Dokument behandelt Portionsschneidemaschinen und Zubehör.
In diesem Dokument ist angegeben, welche Gefährdungen behandelt werden.
Dieses Dokument legt Anforderungen an die Konstruktion und Herstellung von Portionsschneidemaschinen fest.
Die von diesem Dokument erfassten Maschinen werden für die kontinuierliche Portionierung von frischem, geräuchertem oder gefrorenem Fleisch mit und ohne Knochen oder ähnlichen Produkten durch Trennen mit einem Messer verwendet.
Dieses Dokument behandelt alle signifikanten Gefährdungen, Gefährdungssituationen und Gefährdungs-ereignisse, die auf die Maschinen, Geräte und Anlagen zutreffen, wenn sie bestimmungsgemäß und unter Bedingungen von durch den Hersteller vernünftigerweise vorhersehbaren Fehlanwendungen verwendet werden (siehe Abschnitt 4).
Dieses Dokument behandelt Gefährdungen, welche während der Inbetriebnahme, des Betriebs, der Wartung und der Außerbetriebnahme der Maschine auftreten können.
Dieses Dokument behandelt nicht die spezifischen Gefährdungen durch Beschickungseinrichtungen.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für Portionsschneidemaschinen, die hergestellt wurden, bevor CEN dieses Dokument veröffentlichte.   
1.2   Maschinentypen
Dieses Dokument umfasst folgende Bauarten:
   Portionsschneidemaschinen mit manueller Beladung (siehe Bild 1);
   Portionsschneidemaschinen mit automatischer Beladung (siehe Bild 2).

Machines pour les produits alimentaires - Portionneuses - Prescriptions relatives à la sécurité et à l'hygiène

1.1   Généralités
Le présent document couvre les portionneuses, ainsi que les accessoires.
L'étendue des phénomènes dangereux couverts est indiquée dans le présent document.
Le présent document définit les prescriptions relatives à la conception et la fabrication des portionneuses.
Les machines couvertes par le présent document sont utilisées pour le portionnement continu de viandes fraîches, fumées ou congelées, désossées ou non, ou de produits similaires séparés au moyen d'une lame.
Le présent document traite tous les phénomènes dangereux significatifs, situations et événements dangereux significatifs associés aux machines, aux appareillages et aux mécanismes lorsque ceux-ci sont utilisés normalement et dans les conditions de mauvaises utilisations raisonnablement prévisibles par le fabricant (voir l'Article 4).
Le présent document traite des phénomènes dangereux qui peuvent se produire pendant la mise en service, le fonctionnement, l’entretien et la mise hors service de la machine.
Le présent document ne traite pas des phénomènes dangereux spécifiques liés aux dispositifs de chargement.
Le présent document ne s’applique pas aux portionneuses et trancheuses fabriquées avant la date de publication du présent document par le CEN.
1.2   Types de machines
Le présent document couvre les types de machines suivants :
Les portionneuses et trancheuses à chargement manuel (voir Figure 1)
Les portionneuses et trancheuses à chargement automatique (voir Figure 2)

Stroji za predelavo hrane - Stroji za razrezovanje/razkosavanje na zrezke/zarebrnice - Varnostne in higienske zahteve

Ta dokument zajema stroje za razrezovanje/razkosavanje in pribor. Ta dokumentu določa obseg vključenosti nevarnosti. Ta dokument določa zahteve za načrtovanje in izdelavo strojev za razrezovanje/razkosavanje. Stroji, ki jih zajema ta dokument, se uporabljajo za neprekinjeno razkosavanje svežega, dimljenega ali zamrznjenega mesa s kostmi ali brez ali podobnih proizvodov z rezilom. Ta dokument obravnava vse velike nevarnosti, nevarne situacije in primere, povezane s stroji in napravami, kadar se uporabljajo, kot je predvideno, in pod pogoji, ki jih predvidi proizvajalec. Ta dokument določa nevarnosti, do katerih lahko pride pri začetku uporabe, delovanju, vzdrževanju in izločitvi stroja iz uporabe. Ta dokument ne obravnava posebnih nevarnosti nalagalnikov. Ta dokument se ne uporablja za stroje za razrezovanje/razkosavanje, ki so bili izdelani pred datumom, ko je CEN objavil ta dokument. Ta dokument zajema naslednje vrste strojev: – stroje za razrezovanje/razkosavanje z odvodno držo; – stroje za razrezovanje/razkosavanje z odvodnim koritom;

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Public Enquiry End Date
31-Jan-2014
Publication Date
05-Oct-2015
Withdrawal Date
27-Dec-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
27-Dec-2021
Due Date
19-Jan-2022
Completion Date
28-Dec-2021

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Stroji za predelavo hrane - Stroji za razrezovanje/razkosavanje na zrezke/zarebrnice - Varnostne in higienske zahteveNahrungsmittelmaschinen - Portionsschneidemaschinen - Sicherheits- und HygieneanforderungenMachines pour les produits alimentaires - Portionneuses - Prescriptions relatives à la sécurité et à l'hygièneFood processing machinery - Portion cutting machines - Safety and hygiene requirements67.260Tovarne in oprema za živilsko industrijoPlants and equipment for the food industryICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13870:2015SIST EN 13870:2015en,fr,de01-november-2015SIST EN 13870:2015SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 13870:2005+A1:20101DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 13870:2015
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 13870
September
t r s w ICS
x yä t x r Supersedes EN
s u z y rã t r r w ªA sã t r s rEnglish Version

Food processing machinery æ Portion cutting machines æ Safety and hygiene requirements Machines pour les produits alimentaires æ Portionneuses æ Prescriptions relatives à la sécurité et à l 5hygiène

Nahrungsmittelmaschinen æ Portionsschneidemaschinen æ Sicherheitsæ und Hygieneanforderungen This European Standard was approved by CEN on

s August
t r s wä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey andUnited Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels

t r s w CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s u z y rã t r s w ESIST EN 13870:2015

EN 13870:2015 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 1.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 6 1.2 Types of machinery ........................................................................................................................................ 6 1.3 Machine construction .................................................................................................................................... 8 1.4 Intended use ..................................................................................................................................................... 8 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 9 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 10 4 List of significant hazards ......................................................................................................................... 12 5 Safety and hygiene requirements and/or protective measures ................................................. 16 5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16 5.2 Mechanical hazards ..................................................................................................................................... 16 5.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16 5.2.2 Zone 1 – Powered components in the feed zone ............................................................................... 17 5.2.3 Zone 2 – Powered components in the discharge zone .................................................................... 20 5.2.4 Zone 3 – Movable guards ........................................................................................................................... 21 5.2.5 Zone 4 – Blade protection.......................................................................................................................... 22 5.2.6 Zone 5 – Blade mounting ........................................................................................................................... 24 5.2.7 Zone 6 – Locking slide / Hold-down unit ............................................................................................. 24 5.2.8 Zone 7 – Grippers ......................................................................................................................................... 24 5.2.9 Zone 8 – Transport conveyor belts ........................................................................................................ 24 5.2.10 Sorting stations ............................................................................................................................................. 25 5.2.11 Drive components in the machine housing ........................................................................................ 26 5.2.12 Interlocks of guards for preventing access to the moving blade ................................................ 26 5.3 Electrical hazards ......................................................................................................................................... 27 5.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 27 5.3.2 Emergency stop ............................................................................................................................................. 27 5.3.3 Protection against water ingress ............................................................................................................ 28 5.4 Hydraulic and pneumatic hazards ......................................................................................................... 29 5.5 Hazard from loss of stability .................................................................................................................... 29 5.6 Noise reduction ............................................................................................................................................. 29 5.7 Ergonomic requirements .......................................................................................................................... 29 5.8 Hygiene and cleaning .................................................................................................................................. 30 5.8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 30 5.8.2 Food area ......................................................................................................................................................... 31 5.8.3 Splash area...................................................................................................................................................... 32 5.8.4 Non-food area ................................................................................................................................................ 32 5.8.5 Surface condition ......................................................................................................................................... 32 5.8.6 Cleaning ........................................................................................................................................................... 32 6 Verification of safety and hygiene requirements and/or protective measures .................... 33 7 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 34 7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 34 7.2 Instruction handbook ................................................................................................................................. 34 SIST EN 13870:2015

EN 13870:2015 (E) 3 7.3 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 37 Annex A (normative)

Noise test code for portion cutting machines (grade 2) ..................................... 38 Annex B (normative)

Design principles to ensure cleanability of portion cutting machines and their auxiliary components .............................................................................................................. 40 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC ........................................................................................ 45 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 46

SIST EN 13870:2015

EN 13870:2015 (E) 4 European foreword This document (EN 13870:2015) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 153 “Machinery intended for use with foodstuffs and feed”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2016, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by March 2016. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 13870:2005+A1:2010. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC. For relationship with EU Directive 2006/42/EC, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. Significant changes The significant changes with respect to the previous edition EN 13870:2005+A1:2010 are listed below: — Clause 1: types of machines have been adapted to the current state of the art; pictures of the types of machines have been renewed; exclusion of automatic industrial slicing machines; — Clause 3: clarify of some definitions and use of this wording in the document; — Clause 4: transferred to a table; — inclusion of automatic loading; — better description of the requirements for protective equipment; — better description of risk areas, such as inlet tunnel (including dimension table); — new components have been added, such as pusher and rocker. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 13870:2015

EN 13870:2015 (E) 5 Introduction This document is a type-C-standard as stated in EN ISO 12100. The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and events are covered are indicated in the scope of this document. When provisions of this type-C-standard are different from those which are stated in type-A- or –B-standards, the provisions of this type-C-standard take precedence over the provisions of the other standards, for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type-C-standard. SIST EN 13870:2015

EN 13870:2015 (E) 6 1 Scope 1.1 General This European Standard covers portion cutting machines and accessories. This European Standard does not apply to automatic industrial slicing machines (see prEN 16743) and band saw machines (see EN 12268). This European Standard defines requirements for the design and manufacture of portion cutting machines. The machines covered by this European Standard are used for continuous portioning of fresh, smoked or frozen meat with and without bones or of similar products by separation by means of a blade. This European Standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to machines, appliances and machinery, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Clause 4). This European Standard deals with the hazards which can arise during commissioning, operation, maintenance and decommissioning of the machine. The European Standard does not deal with the specific hazards of loading devices. This European Standard is not applicable to portion cutting machines which are manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN. 1.2 Types of machinery This European Standard covers the following types of machinery: — portion cutting machines with manual loading (see Figure 1); — portion cutting machines with automatic loading (see Figure 2). SIST EN 13870:2015

EN 13870:2015 (E) 7

Key 1 loading protection hood 7 discharge conveyor belt (optional) 2 product base 8 discharge chute 3 round/sickle blade 9 discharge chute hood 4 blade protection hood/cutting space 10 feed protection hood 5 cutting zone 11 machine housing 6 cutting material holder/feeding carriage 12 locking slide/hold-down unit (depending on machine type) Figure 1 — Portion cutting machine with manual loading (exemplary embodiment) SIST EN 13870:2015

EN 13870:2015 (E) 8

Key 1 product base 6 discharge conveyor belt 2 blade 7 discharge chute hood 3 blade protection hood/cutting space 8 hold-down unit 4 machine housing 9 pre-weighing unit (optional) 5 cutting material holder/feeding carriage

Figure 2 — Portion cutting machine with automatic loading (exemplary embodiment) 1.3 Machine construction Portion cutting machines depending on the construction consist of: machine housing (machine frame), fixed or moving product bases, automatic or manually operated grippers, hold-down unit, blade housing, blade, discharge device, associated drives, electrical, hydraulic or pneumatic components. Portion cutting machines in the scope of this document may be equipped with the following auxiliary components: — loading aid; — discharge conveyor belt; — laying unit; — measurement or scanning devices; — scales; — sorting station (e.g. rocker, pusher); — movement devices (e.g. castors). 1.4 Intended use The intended use (as defined in EN ISO 12100:2010, 3.23) of portion cutting machines as dealt with in this document is described in 1.1. SIST EN 13870:2015

EN 13870:2015 (E) 9 The product is manually placed on the product base or automatically fed to the product base with a loading device. The product is supplied to the blade by automatic or manually operated grippers or conveyor slide or belt and the cutting process begins. The portion falls onto a discharge conveyor or a laying unit. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 614-1, Safety of machinery — Ergonomic principles for design — Part 1: Terminology and general principles EN 953:1997+A1:2009, Safety of machinery — Guards — General requirements for the design and construction of fixed and movable guards EN 1005-1, Safety of machinery — Human physical performance — Part 1: Terms and definitions EN 1005-2, Safety of machinery — Human physical performance — Part 2: Manual handling of machinery and component parts of machinery EN 1005-3, Safety of machinery — Human physical performance — Part 3: Recommended force limits for machinery operation EN 1672-2, Food processing machinery — Basic concepts — Part 2: Hygiene requirements EN 60204-1:2006, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General requirements (IEC 60204-1:2005, modified) EN 60529, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529) EN ISO 3744:2010, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise sources using sound pressure — Engineering methods for an essentially free field over a reflecting plane (ISO 3744:2010) EN ISO 4413, Hydraulic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their components (ISO 4413) EN ISO 4414, Pneumatic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their components (ISO 4414) EN ISO 4871, Acoustics — Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and equipment (ISO 4871) EN ISO 11201:2010, Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions in an essentially free field over a reflecting plane with negligible environmental corrections (ISO 11201:2010) EN ISO 11688-1, Acoustics — Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and equipment — Part 1: Planning (ISO/TR 11688-1) EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk reduction (ISO 12100:2010) SIST EN 13870:2015

EN 13870:2015 (E) 10 EN ISO 13849-1, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems —Part 1: General principles for design (ISO 13849-1) EN ISO 13855, Safety of machinery — Positioning of safeguards with respect to the approach speeds of parts of the human body (ISO 13855) EN ISO 13857:2008, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and lower limbs (ISO 13857:2008) EN ISO 14119:2013, Safety of machinery — Interlocking devices associated with guards — Principles for design and selection (ISO 14119:2013) 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010 and the following apply. 3.1 laying unit device for grouping of portions 3.2 discharge protection hood fixed and/or movable guard at the discharge opening 3.3 discharge conveyor belt device for transporting the portions away from the cutting zone Note 1 to entry: The discharge conveyor belt also allows portions to be positioned in a simple arrangement. 3.4 discharge zone area of the machine, in which the portion leaves the machine Note 1 to entry: Depending on the design of the machine, this could be equipped with a discharge chute, a discharge shaft or a discharge conveyor belt. 3.5 automatic loading the product is fed by a loading device to the product base and aligned there 3.6 loading aid optional equipment at manual loading to lift the product to the level of the product base Note 1 to entry: e.g. lifting arm. 3.7 loading protection hood / Loading protection door movable guard with safety function around the feed area 3.8 inlet/outlet opening opening through which the product enters or exits from the machine SIST EN 13870:2015

EN 13870:2015 (E) 11 3.9 grippers device for holding and locating the product during the feed into the cutting zone 3.10 loading device optional equipment at automatic loading to fed the product mechanically to the product base 3.11 manual loading the product is placed by hand on the product base and aligned 3.12 machine stand/machine housing/machine frame device for supporting machine parts 3.13 blade device for cutting the product at the cutting frame 3.14 blade housing housing in which the powered blade is moved 3.15 blade protection hood movable guard with cutting function on the blade housing 3.16 hold-down unit device to press down the product onto the product base Note 1 to entry: This will ensure safe transport to the cutting zone and safe holding during the cutting process. 3.17 portion processed product 3.18 product base device for receiving the product to be cut in the feed area Note 1 to entry: The product base can be implemented stationary or mobile, e.g. as feeding conveyor belt. 3.19 cutting zone area of the machine, in which the product is cut 3.20 product food to be processed before cutting SIST EN 13870:2015

EN 13870:2015 (E) 12 3.21 cutting frame device which serves as a counter-edge to the blade in order to stabilize the product Note 1 to entry: This is in order to achieve a smooth cut. 3.22 cutting shaft area of the machine in which the product is supplied to the cutting zone 3.23 cut resistant gloves personal protective equipment made from cut resistant material Note 1 to entry: e.g. metallic thread reinforced fabric or Kevlar fabric. 3.24 sorting station device for the vertical or horizontal sorting or sorting out of the portions after the scales Note 1 to entry: e.g. rocker, pusher. 3.25 locking slide device for closing the cutting shaft during the loading process Note 1 to entry: The locking slide may possibly serve as a movable guard and/or as a limit stop for the product. 3.26 scales device for weighing the portions 3.27 feeding area area of the machine that receives the material to be cut by loading Note 1 to entry: The machine can be loaded with the product manually or automatically. 3.28 feeding conveyor belt transport conveyor for loading the portion cutter with product and/or for supply the cutting zone with product 4 List of significant hazards This clause contains all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, as far as they are dealt with in this document, identified by risk assessment as significant for this type of machinery and which require action to eliminate or reduce risk. Figures 3 and 4 show the significant hazard zones of portion cutting machines. SIST EN 13870:2015

EN 13870:2015 (E) 13 Table 1 — List of significant hazards Hazards, hazardous situations and hazardous events Location or cause Clause/sub-clause in this European Standard Mechanical hazards General; Significant hazard zones (see Figures 3 and 4). 5.2.1 Zone 1: Powered components in the feed zone; hazard due to crushing or entrapment of body parts or clothing between the powered components (e.g. product base, grippers, hold-down unit) in the supply area and stationary components of the portion cutter during cutting operation and during loading. 5.2.2 Zone 2: Powered components in the discharge zone; hazard due to crushing, impacts or entrapment of body parts or clothing between the powered components in the discharge area and stationary components of the portion cutter. 5.2.3 Zone 3: Movable guards; hazard due to crushing, shearing or impacts at hand operated movable guards; hazard due to crushing, shearing or impacts at powered movable guards; hazard due to impact at hoods and movable guards that swivel upwards and under which the operator has to enter in order to be able to perform activities. 5.2.4 Zone 4: Blade protection; hazards due to cutting or punching when handling the blade or when working in the vicinity of the blade (e.g. cleaning, disassembly/assembly, settings, transport, maintenance); hazard due to cutting at the powered blade during cutting and during automatic loading; hazard due to cutting at the powered blade during manual loading; hazard due to cutting at the stationary blade during manual loading. 5.2.5 Zone 5: Blade mounting; hazard due to ejected parts during operation, e.g. fracture of the blade or loosening of the blade mounting. 5.2.6 Zone 6: Locking slide/hold-down unit; hazard due to crushing or shearing between the automatically moving locking slide/hold-down unit and stationary machine parts. 5.2.7 Zone 7: Grippers; hazard to fingers or hands due to cutting-off or piercing by the automatic or manually operated grippers during manual loading. 5.2.8 Zone 8: Transport conveyor belts; hazard due to crushing or entrapment between the entry points of the belt conveyors/transport belts and the drive and deflection pulleys at transport conveyor belts (e.g. feed belt, discharge belt). 5.2.9 Sorting station; hazard due to crushing or impacts between moving parts of sorting station and stationary machine parts (see Figure 5). 5.2.10 Drive components; hazard due to crushing or entrapment of body parts or clothing between drive elements (e.g. toothed belts, tooth lock washers, spindles, chains) in the machine housing. 5.2.11 Electrical hazards Electric shock from direct or indirect contact with live components; external influences on electrical equipment (e.g. cleaning with water). 5.3 SIST EN 13870:2015

EN 13870:2015 (E) 14 Hazards, hazardous situations and hazardous events Location or cause Clause/sub-clause in this European Standard Hazards generated by hydraulic or pneumatic equipment Hazard to operator from splashing by hydraulic fluid; hazard due to contamination of the product by hydraulic fluid; hazard to the body by mechanical injury due to malfunctions. 5.4 Hazards generated by loss of stability Impact or crushing hazard if mobile cutting machine rolls away; impact or crushing hazard if portion cutting machine or the auxiliary component topples over; impact or crushing hazard when loading and unloading the machine from trucks and during transport within the company using a forklift, lifting platform, bridge trolley or crane. 5.5 Hazards generated by noise Portion cutting machines generate noise which can result in hearing damage, in accidents due to interference with speech communication and interference with the perception of acoustic signals. 5.6 Hazard generated by neglecting ergonomic principles Hazard of physical damage to the body due to unhealthy posture or excessive physical effort; hazard of physical damage to the body due to inadequate consideration of human anatomy when designing the machine. 5.7 Hazard generated by neglecting hygienic design principles Spoilage of foodstuff; hazard to health of the consumer from food poisoning; hazard due to infection of the operator; contamination of foodstuff from residues of cleaning and disinfecting agents or operating resources (e.g. lubricating greases, hydraulic fluid); hazard due to toxic and allergic reaction of the operator (e.g. acid burns from cleaning and disinfecting agents); contamination of the food by foreign bodies originating from raw materials, machine parts or from other sources. 5.8

SIST EN 13870:2015
EN 13870:2015 (E) 15

Key 1 zone 1 3 zone 3 5 zone 5 7 zone 7 2 zone 2 4 zone 4 6 zone 6 8 zone 8 Figure 3 — Portion cutting machine with manual loading – hazard zones

Key 1 zone 1 3 zone 3 5 zone 5 7 zone 7 2 zone 2 4 zone 4 6 zone 6 8 zone 8 Figure 4 — Portion cutting machine with automatic loading – hazard zones SIST EN 13870:2015

EN 13870:2015 (E) 16

a) Example with rocker b) Example with pusher Key 1 rocker/pusher 2 downstream component, e.g. transport conveyor A hazard point Figure 5 — Hazard points at the sorting station 5 Safety and hygiene requirements and/or protective measures 5.1 General Machinery shall comply with the safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction measures of this clause. In addition, the machine shall be designed according to the principles of EN ISO 12100 for relevant but not significant hazards which are not dealt with by this document. Where the means of reducing the risk is by the physical arrangement or positioning of the machine the manufacturer shall include in the Information for use a reference to these means, and to any limiting value of the requirement, and, if appropriate, to the means of verification. Where the means of reducing the risk is by a safe system of work, the manufacturer shall include in the Information for use details of the system and of the elements of training required by the operating personnel. 5.2 Mechanical hazards 5.2.1 General Portion cutting machines shall be designed and constructed in accordance with Annex C and the conditions mentioned below. The guards shall comply with EN 953:1997+A1:2009. Fixing devices for fixed guards shall remain on the guards or on the machine if the guard is removed. Unless otherwise stipulated in other sub-clauses, the interlocking systems of guards shall comply with EN ISO 14119:2013, 4.2, and the safety related components of the control system shall present at least a performance level “c” of EN ISO 13849-1. SIST EN 13870:2015

EN 13870:2015 (E) 17 The interlocking devices shall comply with EN
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