This document specifies a procedure for the detection of a DNA sequence present in a genetically modified linseed (Linum usitatissimum) line (event FP967, also named as “CDC Triffid”). For this purpose, extracted DNA is used in a real-time PCR and the genetic modification (GM) is specifically detected by amplification of a 105 bp DNA sequence representing the transition between the nopaline synthase gene terminator (Tnos) from Agrobacterium tumefaciens and the dihydrofolate reductase gene (dfrA1) from a Class 1 integron of Escherichia coli. The method described is applicable for the analysis of DNA extracted from foodstuffs. It can also be suitable for the analysis of DNA extracted from other products such as feedstuffs and seeds. The application of this method requires the extraction of an adequate amount of amplifiable DNA from the relevant matrix for the purpose of analysis.

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This part of ISO 23036 specifies a method that is applicable for the detection of Anisakidae L3 larvae commonly found in marine and anadromous fishes. The method can be applied to fresh fish and/or frozen fish, lightly processed fish products, such as marinated, salted or cold smoked.
This method allows quantifying parasitic infections by estimating the number of parasites in the fish musculature.
This method doesn’t allow determining species or genotype of detected parasites, which identification
is made by morphological and/or molecular methods

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This part of ISO 23036 specifies a method that is applicable for the detection of Anisakidae L3 larvae commonly found in marine and anadromous fishes. The method can be applied to fresh fish and/or frozen fish, lightly processed fish products, such as marinated, salted or smoked, and it’s also suitable for visceral organs as confirmatory method for visual inspection scheme.
The artificial digestion method allows quantifying parasitic infections by estimating the number of parasites in the fish musculature and, when applied to fresh fish or lightly processed fish products (never frozen before processing), determining the viability of Anisakidae L3, which may be present.
This method doesn’t allow determining species or genotype of detected parasites, which identification is made by morphological and/or molecular methods.

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This document specifies a procedure for the determination of the citrinin content in food (cereals, red yeast rice (RYR)), herbs and food supplements by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS).
This method has been validated for citrinin in red yeast rice and in the formulated food supplements in the range of 2,5 µg/kg to 3000 µg/kg and in wheat flour in the range of 2,5 µg/kg to 100 µg/kg.
Laboratory experiences have shown that this method is also applicable to white rice, herbs such as a powder of ginkgo biloba leaves and the formulated food supplements in the range of 2,5 µg/kg to 50 µg/kg.

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This document specifies a method for the semi-quantitative analysis of oils, fats and oil/fat-related samples (deodistillates). It is applicable to the screening of oils, fats and oil/fat-related samples to obtain main (e.g. triglycerides) and minor (e.g. sterols, sterol esters, tocopherols, wax esters, fatty alcohols, glycerol) component information in one single analysis. For a truly quantitative analysis of pre-identified compound classes, specific methods are more appropriate. The method can also be used as a useful qualitative screening tool for the relative comparison of sample compositions.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of aflatoxin M1 content in milk and milk powder.
The lowest level of validation is 0,08 μg/kg for whole milk powder, i.e. 0,008 μg/l for reconstituted
liquid milk. The limit of detection (LOD) is 0,05 μg/kg for milk powder and 0,005 μg/kg for liquid milk.
The limit of quantification (LOQ) is 0,1 μg/kg for milk powder and 0,01 μg/kg for liquid milk.
The method is also applicable to low-fat milk, skimmed milk, low-fat milk powder and skimmed milk
powder.

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This document specifies a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) or ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) method for the determination of content of the four major theaflavins of tea. It is applicable to both leaf and instant black and oolong teas. The method is currently not validated for ready-to-drink (RTD) beverages.

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This document specifies two methods for the determination of the melting point in open capillary tubes, commonly known as the slip melting point, of animal and vegetable fats and oils (referred to as fats hereinafter). —   Method A is only applicable to animal and vegetable fats which are solid at ambient temperature and which do not exhibit pronounced polymorphism. —   Method B is applicable to all animal and vegetable fats which are solid at ambient temperature and is the method to be used for fats whose polymorphic behaviour is unknown. For the determination of the slip melting point of palm oil samples the method given in Annex A shall be used. NOTE 1  If applied to fats with pronounced polymorphism, method A will give different and less satisfactory results than method B. NOTE 2  Fats which exhibit pronounced polymorphism are principally cocoa butter and fats containing appreciable quantities of 2-unsaturated, 1,3-saturated triacylglycerols.

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This document establishes the minimum specifications for rice (Oryza sativa L.) that is subject to international trade. It is applicable to husked rice and milled rice (aromatic and not aromatic), parboiled or not, intended for direct human consumption. It does not apply to other products derived from rice nor to waxy rice (glutinous rice).

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This document specifies a method for applying magnitude estimation to the evaluation of sensory attributes. The methodology specified covers the training of assessors, and obtaining magnitude estimations as well as their statistical interpretation.

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This document gives guidelines for the establishment of a conversion relationship between the results
of an alternative method and an anchor method, and its verification for the quantitative determination
of the microbiological quality of milk.
NOTE The conversion relationship can be used a) to convert results from an alternative method to the anchor
basis or b) to convert results/limits, expressed on an anchor basis, to results in units of an alternative method.

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This document specifies a procedure for determining whether a perceptible sensory difference or
similarity exists between samples of two products. The method is a forced-choice procedure. The
method is applicable whether a difference exists in a single sensory attribute or in several attributes.
The method is statistically more efficient than the duo-trio test (described in ISO 10399), but has
limited use with products that exhibit strong carryover and/or lingering flavours.
The method is applicable even when the nature of the difference is unknown [i.e. it determines neither
the size nor the direction of difference between samples, nor is there any indication of the attribute(s)
responsible for the difference]. The method is applicable only if the products are homogeneous.
The method is effective for:
a) determining that:
1) either a perceptible difference results (triangle testing for difference);
2) a perceptible difference does not result (triangle testing for similarity),
when, for example, a change is made in ingredients, processing, packaging, handling or storage;
b) selecting, training and monitoring assessors.

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This document describes a method for the determination of the sum total of six ergot alkaloids (ergocornine, ergometrine, ergocristine, ergotamine, ergosine and ergocryptine) and their  inine epimer pairs by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) after clean-up by dispersive solid phase extraction (SPE).
The method has been validated for cereals and cereal-based food products.
The method has been validated in the range 13,2 µg/kg to 168 µg/kg for the sum of the twelve ergot alkaloids, in rye flour, rye bread and cereal products (breakfast cereal, infant breakfast cereal, and crispbread) that contained rye as an ingredient, as well as seeded wholemeal flour and a barley and rye flour mixture.
Method performance was satisfactory in the range 24,1 µg/kg to 168 µg/kg, however at lower concentrations RSDR values were greater than 44 %, and HorRat values exceeded 2,0, indicating the method may not be fully suitable at concentrations below 24 µg/kg for sum of ergot alkaloids, although it is suitable for screening at these concentrations. Method performance may be improved by inclusion of an isotopically labelled internal standard, but this was not available at the time of the method validation study.

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This document provides guidelines on: — how to express vitamin quantity, — the expression of different molecular forms in appropriate units, — and in some cases, vitamin activity, according to vitamers present or used in food products, in addition to the quantitative content determination obtained from ISO and CEN analytical standards. It provides information to be used as a basis for discussion between stakeholders and food control laboratories. It is not intended to be prescriptive or exhaustive.

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This document defines terms for classifying and assessing green tea for commerce.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of aflatoxin M1 content in milk and milk powder. The lowest level of validation is 0,08 µg/kg for whole milk powder, i.e. 0,008 µg/l for reconstituted liquid milk. The limit of detection (LOD) is 0,05 μg/kg for milk powder and 0,005 μg/kg for liquid milk. The limit of quantification (LOQ) is 0,1 μg/kg for milk powder and 0,01 μg/kg for liquid milk. The method is also applicable to low-fat milk, skimmed milk, low-fat milk powder and skimmed milk powder.

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This document specifies two methods:
— a reference method for the determination of the moisture content of maize grains and ground whole
maize, groats, grits and maize flour, see Clause 4;
— a routine method for the evaluation of the moisture content of maize in whole grains, see Clause 5.
The latter is not suitable for use for experts’ reports, or for calibration or checking of humidity meters,
because of its significant bias to the reference method (see Table B.3).

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the moisture and volatile matter content of oilseed meals obtained by the extraction of oil from oilseeds by pressure and/or solvent.

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This document specifies requirements for the determination of the dry matter content of liquid or pasty coffee extracts by means of the sea sand method. It is applicable to liquid or pasty coffee extracts. The method is intended as a routine method.

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This document gives guidelines for substantiating sensory claims on food and non-food products and their packaging for advertising consumer-packaged goods. This document differentiates sensory claims from other types of claims. It provides classification and examples of the different types of sensory claims. It highlights special issues associated with testing to substantiate sensory claims. It includes case studies and references. This document does not apply to: — specific or detailed requirements for different test methods that are used to support sensory claims; — factual claims regarding a product's country of origin, ingredients, processing and nutritional components; — factual claims regarding the technical features of the product; — claims regarding a product's health, medical or therapeutic benefits, physiological effects, structure or function benefits when consumed or applied to the human body; — claims based on instrumental assessments of the attributes or performance of a product (i.e. instrumental assessments; in this case, test methods are used in which no human participant evaluates the product and/or no human participant provides a response to a product); — claims about services (e.g. a house cleaning service, airline services, automobile services); — claims about large/slow moving consumer goods (autos, refrigerators, stoves, etc.).

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This International Standard specifies a method for the determination of inulin-type fructans (including oligofructose, and fructooligosaccharides) in infant formula and adult nutritionals containing 0,03 g/100 g to 5,0 g/100 g of fructan in the product as prepared ready for consumption.
A high performance anion exchange chromatographic method in combination with pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD) is applied.

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This Technical Report describes quality designations and indications for algae and directly derived products from algae production required for or by food/feed/nutraceuticals/animal food producers and industry. This TR does not apply to pharmacuetical, cosmetics and chemical applications.  
Note: This TR does not provide instructions on existing handling of technical requirements in existing legislations.

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This International Standard describes the quantitative liquid chromatographic determination of specific sugars (galactose, glucose, fructose, sucrose, lactose, and maltose) in various milk and milk products, applying arabinose or fucose as internal standards. The method is applicable for the following different dairy matrices: milk, milk powder, chees, whey powder, infant formula, dessert and yogurt. Soy containing dairy products are excluded. The determination of the lactose content in low lactose milk products is excluded.
A sophisticated high performance anion exchange chromatographic method in combination with
pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-AD) is applied. With this method the following 13 different
mono- and disaccharides can be separated: fucose, arabinose, galactose, glucose, fructose, sucrose, lactose, lactulose, maltose, melobiose, trehalose, platinose (maltulose) and maltotriose.

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The document specifies the definitions and technical criteria to be fulfilled for foods and food ingredients to be suitable for vegetarians (including ovo-lacto-, ovo- and lacto-vegetarians) or vegans as well as for food labelling and claims. It is applicable to business-to-business communication (B2B), to the food trade, and to food labelling and claims. The definitions and technical criteria apply only post-harvest/collecting. It does not apply to human safety, environmental safety, socio-economic considerations (e.g. fair trade, animal welfare), religious beliefs and the characteristics of packaging materials.

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1.1   General
This document applies to:
-   filling machines with cylinder and piston;
-   filling machines with feed intake hopper;
-   filling machines with vacuum hopper;
hereafter referred to as filling machines which process e.g. meat, cheese and other pasty substances, excluding dry or frozen materials. They pump foodstuff into casings or bring it to a following process.
This document applies also to the interchangeable equipment for filling machines with which a wide range of additional functions can be implemented. For example: portioning, depositing, mincing, co-extruding, dividing and forming.
This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to filling machines and interchangeable equipment (hereafter referred to as machines), when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer and also the reasonable foreseeable misuse (see Clause 4).
These significant hazards, hazardous situations and events can arise during all the life phases including transportation, assembly, dismantling, disabling and scrapping of the machines.
This document is not applicable to machines which were manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.
Filling machines described in this document are no forming, filling and sealing machines as described in EN 415-3:1999+A1:2009. Clipping machines as described in EN 13885:2005+A1:2010 are not covered by this document.
1.2   Types of filling machines and interchangeable equipment covered by this standard
1.2.1   Filling machines with cylinder and piston
Filling machines with cylinder and piston consist of piston, closing cover, machine frame, accessory drive mechanism and electrical and hydraulic components (see Figure 1).
The material being processed will be fed by hand into the cylinder.
Filling machines with cylinder and piston can be fitted with a dividing device.
1.2.2   Filling machines with feed intake hopper
Filling machines with feed intake hopper (with or without infeed auger, see Figure 2) consist of feeder on the discharge side of the feed intake hopper, machine frame, drive mechanism for interchangeable equipment and electric, electronic or pneumatic components, depending on machine type.
The material being processed will be fed by hand (or optionally a loading device) into the feeding hopper of the filling machine.
Filling machines with feed intake hopper can be equipped with:
-   dividing device;
-   cover or photoelectric guard at the mouth of the feed intake hopper;
-   pressure-sensitive protective device at the hopper edge;
-   divided hopper;
-   infeed auger;
-   counter auger;
-   step or ladder;
-   two-hand control device at the mouth of the feed intake hopper;
-   knee-operated lever switches or hand operated switches.
(...)
1.2.3   Filling machines with vacuum hopper
Filling machines with vacuum hopper (with or without infeed auger, see Figure 3) consist of suction pipe with storage container, feeder, vacuum hopper with locking device on the intake side, machine frame, drives for interchangeable equipment and electrical, electronic or pneumatic components, depending on the machinery category.
Filling machines with vacuum hoppers can be loaded by one or more of the following:
-   manual loading;
-   vacuum suction;
-   feeder.
Filling machines with vacuum hoppers are to be switched on and off by lever switches operated by knee or hand and/or by remote control signals.
Filling machines with vacuum hoppers can be equipped with:
-   dividing device;
-   cover on vacuum hopper;
-   infeed auger;
-   counter auger;
-   foot board or ladder;
-   suction pipe and storage container.
(...)
1.2.4   Interchangeable equipment for filling machines
Interchangeable equipment are devices which can be assembled to filling machinery by the operator in order to attribute one or more new functions such as: portioning, twisting, voiding, forming, mincing. (....)

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This document specifies common hygiene requirements for machinery used in preparing and processing food for human and, where relevant, animal consumption to eliminate or minimise the risk of contagion, infection, illness or injury arising from this food. It identifies the hazards which are relevant to the use of such food processing machinery and describes design methods and information for use for the elimination or reduction of these risks.
This document does not deal with the hygiene related risks to personnel arising from the use of the machine.
This document applies to food processing machines – Examples of such groups of food processing machinery are given in an informative Annex of this standard.
In addition, the principles contained in this document can be applied to other machinery and equipment used to process food where similar risks apply. Examples of hygiene risks and acceptable solutions are given in an informative Annex in this standard.

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This document sets out the requirements relative to the development and manufacture of food intended for sports people and food supplements to reduce the risk of the presence - without fully guarantying the absence - of substances prohibited by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) [5].
This document specifies a framework of good practices with the objective of preventing the presence of substances prohibited in sport in food intended for sports people and food supplements.
This document does not lead to any form of product endorsement.
This document excludes the so-called “energy drinks”.

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This document specifies a procedure for determining whether a perceptible sensory difference or similarity exists between samples of two products. The method is a forced-choice procedure. The method is applicable whether a difference exists in a single sensory attribute or in several attributes. The method is statistically more efficient than the duo-trio test (described in ISO 10399), but has limited use with products that exhibit strong carryover and/or lingering flavours. The method is applicable even when the nature of the difference is unknown [i.e. it determines neither the size nor the direction of difference between samples, nor is there any indication of the attribute(s) responsible for the difference]. The method is applicable only if the products are homogeneous. The method is effective for: a) determining that: either a perceptible difference results (triangle testing for difference); a perceptible difference does not result (triangle testing for similarity), when, for example, a change is made in ingredients, processing, packaging, handling or storage; b) selecting, training and monitoring assessors.

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This document gives guidelines for the establishment of a conversion relationship between the results of an alternative method and an anchor method, and its verification for the quantitative determination of the microbiological quality of milk. NOTE The conversion relationship can be used a) to convert results from an alternative method to the anchor basis or b) to convert results/limits, expressed on an anchor basis, to results in units of an alternative method.

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This document specifies two methods: - a reference method for the determination of the moisture content of maize grains and ground whole maize, groats, grits and maize flour, see Clause 4; - a routine method for the evaluation of the moisture content of maize in whole grains, see Clause 5. The latter is not suitable for use for experts' reports, or for calibration or checking of humidity meters, because of its significant bias to the reference method (see Table B.3).

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This document specifies requirements and test methods for the dried barberry fruit of the Berberis vulgaris L. tree. It is applicable to dried red barberries only.

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This document specifies a titrimetric method for the determination of acid value in light coloured Fatty Acid Methyl Esters, hereinafter referred as FAME.
It allows the determination of acid value within a range of 0,10 mg KOH/g to 1,00 mg KOH/g.
NOTE 1 For the purposes of this document, the terms "% (m/m)" and "% (V/V)" are used to represent respectively the mass fraction and the volume fraction.
NOTE 2 For oils and fats the determination of acid value is specified in EN ISO 660 [1].
WARNING - The use of this document can involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. This document does not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of users of this document to take appropriate measures to ensure the safety and health of personnel prior to the application of the document, and to determine the applicability of any other restrictions for this purpose.

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This document specifies the quantitative liquid chromatographic determination of specific sugars (galactose, glucose, fructose, sucrose, lactose and maltose) in various milk and milk products, applying arabinose as an internal standard. The method is applicable to the following dairy matrices: milk, sweetened condensed milk, milk powder, cheese, whey powder, infant formula, milk dessert and yoghurt. The method does not apply to dairy products containing soy or to the determination of the lactose content in low-lactose milk products at levels below 1 mg/g. A high performance anion exchange chromatography method in combination with pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD) method is applied[5][3][4]. With this method, thirteen different monosaccharides, disaccharides and trisaccharides can be separated: fucose, arabinose, galactose, glucose, fructose, sucrose, lactose, lactulose, maltose, melibiose, trehalose, isomaltulose and maltotriose. The method is applicable to labelling for the six most important sugars that can be present by nature or by addition in milk and milk products. The method does not apply to sugar contents less than 0,1 %.

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This document specifies requirements and methods of sampling and testing for ground cassava leaves, which are obtained from the processing of fresh cassava leaves (Manihot esculenta Crantz or Manihot glaziovii) intended for human consumption.

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This document defines the repeatability and the reproducibility of a method using near infrared spectroscopy in whole kernels for the determination of moisture and protein on wheat and barley. The performance of the method (accuracy) is found in EN 15948.
The values derived from the report are applicable to the following concentration ranges:
-  for wheat:
-   moisture content range from 9,5 % - 15,7 %;
-   protein content range from 10,0 % DM to 18,6 % DM;
-  for barley:
-   moisture content range from 10,6 % - 15,9 %;
-   protein content range from 9,2 % DM - 15,4 % DM.

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This document specifies safety and hygiene requirements for the design and manufacture of rotary rack ovens which can be used with one or more mobile racks.
These ovens are intended for professional use in the food industry and workshops (bakeries, pastry-making, etc.) for the batch baking of foodstuffs containing flour, water and other ingredients and/or additives. This document applies to ovens used only for food products except for those containing vola-tile flammable ingredients (volatile organic compound, e.g. alcohol, oil, ...). This document applies to ovens where the steam is generated by an evaporation process of potable water on hot surfaces.
The following machines are excluded:
-   experimental and testing machines under development by the manufacturer;
-   machines for non-professional uses.
This document covers the technical safety requirements for the transport, installation, operation, clean-ing and maintenance of these machines (see EN 12100:2010, Clause 6).
This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to rotary rack ovens, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see informative Annex E).
Noise is not considered to be a significant hazard. This does not mean that the manufacturer is absolved from reducing noise and making a noise declaration. Therefore, a noise test code is given in Annex B.
The following hazards are not covered by this document:
-   hazards from the use of gaseous fuel by gas appliances;
-   hazards arising from electromagnetic compatibility issues;
-   hazards from the use of trays made of or coated by silicone.
This document is not applicable to rotary rack ovens which were manufactured before the date of its publication as an EN standard.

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This European Standard specifies the safety and hygiene requirements for the design and manufacture of slicing machines which are fitted with power-driven circular cutting blade of more than 150 mm in diameter, with a product support. These types of slicing machines are intended to be used in shops, restaurants, supermarkets, canteens, etc. to slice foodstuffs.
This European Standard covers all significant hazards at such machines, as identified by risk assessment (see EN ISO 12100:2010), which are listed in Clause 4 of this standard.
This European Standard applies when the machines in its scope are operated under the intended use as defined in EN ISO 12100:2010, 3.23 and 5.3.2, and stated in the instruction handbook (see 7.2), including cleaning, dismantling of removable parts and changing the blade.
NOTE   If the machine is not used under the above conditions, the manufacturer, when informed of such a situation, checks by a new risk analysis that the preventive measures remain valid.
Machines covered by EN 16743 are excluded from the scope of this standard.
Vibration is not considered to be a significant hazard for these machines.
This European Standard covers the following types of slicing machines:
—   horizontal feed slicers (manual, see Figure 1, or automatic, see Figure 13);
—   gravity feed slicers (manual, see Figure 2, or automatic).
Slicing machines consist of a base, a blade, a blade cover, a blade guard, a blade sharpener, a gauge plate (a guard plate for automatic slicers), a product support, a reciprocating carriage, a product pusher and electrical control components.
Slicing machines can be equipped with:
—   clamping device,
—   stacker,
—   discharge conveyor.
This standard applies to machines which are manufactured after the date of issue of this standard.

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1.1 This European Standard applies to the design and manufacture of standalone automatic dough dividers having a feed hopper, and which can be used separately or in a line in the food industry and shops (pastry making, bakeries, confectionery etc.) for dividing and additionally for moulding/rounding dough or pastry into adjustable portions to produce the required weight of dough piece during a dividing process. These machines can be fed by hand or mechanically.
This European Standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the transport, installation, adjustment, operation, cleaning, maintenance, dismantling, disassembling and scrapping of automatic dough dividers, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Clause 4).
These machines are not intended to be cleaned with pressurized water.
1.2   This European Standard is not applicable to the following:
-   experimental and testing machines, under development by the manufacturer;
-   weighing devices;
-   pressure dough dividers, without a feed hopper, using knives for the dividing process;
-   lines with separate cutting or forming elements outside the housing;
-   lifting and tilting machines ) or other separate feeding machines;
-   additional hazards generated when the machine is used in a line or mechanically feed.
1.3   A noise test code is included in Annex A to assist manufacturers to measure noise levels for the purpose of the noise emission declaration.
1.4   This European Standard is not applicable to machines which are manufactured before its publication as EN.

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This document defines a test method for the detection, qualification and possible assessment of odours/flavours exogenous to cork bark selected as bottling product in contact with beverages, still, sparkling and sparkling wines, alcohols and spirits, beers and ciders. This document is applicable to: — cork bark selected as bottling product in all its forms; — all cork components of cork stoppers: granules, discs, bodies and shanks; — all types of cork stoppers, semi-finished (shaped), semi-finished (semi-finished stoppers possibly washed and possibly colmated and/or coated) or ready for use (semi-finished stoppers, possibly branded and surface treated).

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This document establishes minimum specifications for wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grains intended for human consumption and which are the subject of international trade. It is also applicable to local wheat trade. NOTE Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is also called "common wheat" in some regions.

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This document specifies an entrainment method for the determination of the moisture content of spices and condiments.

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This document specifies requirements for calculating the carbon footprint specific to finfish product category rules (CFP?PCR). This methodology builds on the requirements of International Standards for life cycle assessment (LCA) and products' carbon footprints. This document is applicable to the calculation and communication of finfish products' carbon footprints from fishing and/or cultivation of feed ingredients to the consumption of finfish products. It is applicable to the carbon footprints of products from both fisheries and aquaculture value chains. This document used alone does not apply to specifying a product's overall environmental or sustainability characteristics.

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This document specifies the categories of pao cai (salted fermented vegetables) and its requirements, including sensory, physical and chemical, safety, labelling, transport and storage. It also describes the corresponding test methods. This document does not apply to kimchi.

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The purpose of this European Standard is to determine the free glycerol and residual mono-, di- and triglyceride contents in fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) intended for addition to mineral oils. The total glycerol content is then calculated from the obtained results.
Under the conditions described, the quantification limits are 0,001 % (m/m) for free glycerol, 0,10 % (m/m) for all glycerides (mono-, di- and tri-). This method is suitable for FAME prepared from rapeseed, sunflower, soybean, palm, animal oils and fats and mixture of them. It is not suitable for FAME produced from or containing coconut and palm kernel oils derivatives because of overlapping of different glyceride peaks.
NOTE  For the purposes of this European Standard, the term "% (m/m)" is used to represent respectively the mass fraction.
WARNING - The use of this method may involve hazardous equipment, materials and operations. This method does not purport to address to all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to take appropriate measures to ensure the safety and health of personnel prior to application of the standard, and fulfil statutory and regulatory requirements for this purpose.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of the oxidation stability of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) at 110 °C, by means of measuring the induction period up to 48 h.
NOTE 1   EN 15751 [1] describes a similar test method for oxidation stability determination of pure fatty acid methyl esters and of blends of FAME with petroleum-based diesel containing 2 % (V/V) of FAME at minimum.
NOTE 2   The precision statement of this test method was determined in a Round Robin exercise with induction periods up to 8,5 h, thus covering the limit value in EN 14214. Results from precision studies on EN 15751 indicate that the precision statement is valid for induction periods up to 48 h but not for higher values.
NOTE 3   Limited studies on EN 15751 with EHN (2-ethyl hexyl nitrate) on FAME blends indicated that the stability is reduced to an extent which is within the reproducibility of the test method. It is likely that the oxidation stability of pure FAMEs is also reduced in the presence of EHN when EN 14112 is used for testing.

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This document describes a procedure for the determination of aflatoxins B1, B2, G1 and G2 and total aflatoxins (sum of B1, B2, G1 and G2) in spices for which EU maximum levels are established, other than paprika, by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with post-column derivatization (PCD) and fluorescence detection (FLD) after immunoaffinity column clean-up.
The method is applicable to the spices capsicum, pepper, nutmeg, ginger, turmeric and mixtures thereof.
The method has been validated for aflatoxins B1, B2, G1 and G2 and total aflatoxins in a range of test samples that comprised: ginger, pepper, nutmeg, chilli, turmeric as individual spices and mixed pepper+chilli+nutmeg (90+5+5, m+m+m), mixed spice+ginger (6+4, m+m) mixed spice, mixed turmeric+ginger (2+8, m+m).
The validation was carried out over the following concentration ranges: aflatoxin B1 = 1 µg/kg to 16 µg/kg and total aflatoxins = 2,46 µg/kg to 36,1 µg/kg.

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This document specifies a method for developing a texture profile of food products (solids, semi-solids, liquids) or non-food products (e.g. cosmetics).
This method is one approach to sensory texture profile analysis and other methods exist. This method describes various steps in the process of establishing a complete description of the textural attributes of a product.
This method is applicable to:
— screening and training assessors;
— orientating assessors through the development of definitions and evaluation techniques for textural characteristics;
— characterizing the textural attributes of a product in order to establish its standard profile and to discern any later changes;
— improving old products and developing new products;
— studying various factors that can affect the textural attributes of a product, e.g. changes in process, time, temperature, ingredients, packaging or shelf-life, and storage conditions;
— comparing a product with another similar product to determine the nature and intensity of textural differences;
— correlating sensory and instrumental and/or physical measurements.

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This document specifies the conditions required for good keeping of the following groups of citrus fruits during their storage with or without refrigeration, in stores or in various transport equipment (such as containers, railway cars, trucks or ships):
— oranges: Citrus sinensis (Linnaeus) Osbeck;
— mandarins: Citrus reticulata Blanco;
— lemons: Citrus limon (Linnaeus) N. L. Burman;
— grapefruits: Citrus paradisi Macfadyen;
— limes:  
— Citrus aurantifolia (Christmann) Swingle;
— Citrus latifolia Tanaka.  
Detailed information concerning cultivars in these different groups is given in Annexes A and B.

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This document specifies a method for determining the content of impurities of animal origin in wheat flours, with or without additives and having an ash yield not exceeding a mass fraction of 0,75 %, and in durum wheat semolinas.
This method permits the separation and quantification of contamination of animal origin, such as insects at all stages of their development and their fragments, rodent hairs and their fragments, and mites.

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