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This document gives guidance on the sample preparation of fresh cheese, (semi)soft cheese, (semi)hard cheese, processed cheese and whey cheese for physical and chemical analysis, including analysis by applying instrumental methods. This document describes the (sub)sampling, and sample preparation steps carried out after sampling according to ISOÂ 707Â |Â IDFÂ 50 and prior to method-specific sample preparations, e.g. as with analytical methods listed in References [2] to [22]. NOTEÂ Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Analysis on volatile substances, minor components or allergens can require additional precautionary measures in sample preparation in order to avoid loss of or contamination with one or more target analytes.

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This document specifies general requirements for DNA sequencing method performance in the detection and identification of animal species in food and feed products. Performance requirements are limited to Sanger and next generation sequencing (NGS), including second and third generation sequencing, for analysis of single species products and multispecies products. This document is applicable to DNA sequences for mammals, birds, fish, molluscs, crustaceans, amphibians, reptiles and insects, and to the validation of the applicable methods. Methods for DNA species quantification are not considered under the scope of this document.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of five Alternaria toxins in wheat, tomato juice and sunflower seed samples by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The method includes the analysis of Altenuene (ALT), Alternariol (AOH), Alternariol monomethyl ether (AME) in the range of 1 μg/kg to 100 μg/kg, and Tentoxin (TEN) in the range of 5 μg/kg to 500 μg/kg, and Tenuazonic acid (TEA) in the range of 10 μg/kg to 1000 μg/kg.

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This document specifies the requirements and test methods for concentrated date juice.

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This document defines terms for meat and meat products. It is applicable to the processing, trade and storage of meat and meat products.

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This part of ISO 18363 describes a rapid procedure for the simultaneous determination of 2-MCPD esters (bound 2-MCPD), 3‐MCPD esters (bound 3‐MCPD) and glycidyl esters (bound glycidol) in a single assay, based on alkaline catalysed ester cleavage and derivatization of cleaved (free) analytes with phenylboronic acid (PBA) prior to GC-MS/MS analysis.
This method is applicable to solid and liquid fats and oils. This part of ISO 18363 can also apply to animal fats and used frying oils and fats, but a validation study must be undertaken before the analysis of these matrices.
Milk and milk products (or fat coming from milk and milk products) are excluded from the scope of this international standard.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of melamine and cyanuric acid with liquid chromatography in combination with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The method has been validated in an interlaboratory study via the analysis of spiked samples of milk-based infant formula, soy-based infant formula, milk powder, whole milk, soy drink and milk chocolate ranging from 0,71Â mg/kg to 1,43Â mg/kg for melamine and 0,57Â mg/kg to 1,45Â mg/kg for cyanuric acid. The limits of quantification (LOQ) for melamine and cyanuric acid in food are 0,05Â mg/kg and 0,25Â mg/kg, respectively. The upper limit of the working range is up to 10Â mg/kg for melamine and up to 25Â mg/kg for cyanuric acid.

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This document gives guidelines for assessing the overall performance of a quantitative descriptive panel and the performance of each panel member. This document is applicable to the validation of the training of individual assessors or panels, as well as to the performance monitoring of established panels. This document does not apply to the panel performance for descriptive methods where the individual scores of each assessor are not recorded, where there is no single list of attributes that is common to all the assessors, or where dominance rather than intensity is measured. Consequently, the performance of descriptive panels using methods such as consensus profile, free-choice profile, flash profile and temporal dominance of sensations (TDS) are out of scope. The methods specified in this document are for monitoring and assessing the ability of a panel and its assessors to discriminate between products, the agreement between assessors of the same panel and the repeatability of these assessors in their intensity scoring. Reproducibility, including both the comparison between panels and the comparison within the same panel of several evaluations conducted under different conditions (i.e. separated in time), is out of scope of this document. The methods specified in this document can be used, in full or a selection only, by the panel leader to appraise continuously the performance of panels or individual assessors. The methods listed are not exhaustive and other appropriate methods can also be used.

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This document specifies the requirements for frozen surimi and the test methods for its quality control. It also specifies the requirements of packaging, marking, storage and transportation. This document is applicable to tropical and cold-water surimi.

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1.1   This documentd specifies requirements for the design and manufacture of mincing machines (see Figures 1 a and 1 b).
The mincing machines (hereinafter referred to as machine) covered by this document are used for size reduction of fresh or frozen meat, meat products and fish (hereinafter referred to as product) by cutting in a set of cutting tools.
Machines for domestic uses are not included in this document. Filling mincers are covered by EN 12463 "Food processing machinery - Filling machines and auxiliary machines - Safety and hygiene requirements".
This document applies only to machines that are manufactured after the date of issue of this document.
This document covers:
-   professional machines used for on-demand preparation in shops characterized by:
-   designed as a table top machine;
-   and having a feed tray;
-   and the product is only feed manually;
-   and is only operated from the ground;
-   and is operated by no more than one operator;
-   and with full visibility and full accessibility of the entire machine from the operator workstation;
-   and having hole plate diameter ≤ 106 mm;
-   and a worm casing set which is removable without using any tools;
-   and the weight of the worm casing set ≤ 15 kg;
NOTE   The table top machine can be equipped with a frame or base, so no separate table is needed.
-   industrial machines used for industrial mass production, and which cannot be characterized as a professional machine.
The extent to which hazards are covered, is indicated in this document. For other hazards which are not covered by this document, machinery should comply with EN ISO 12100:2010 where applicable.
This document does not describe the specific requirements for the control of machines with foot switch.
This document does not describe the specific requirements for additional mixing screws in the feed intake hopper which are covered by EN 13570 "Food processing machinery - Mixing machines - Safety and hygiene requirements".
1.2   This document covers the following types of machines:
-   machine with feed tray, feed intake and pusher (see Figure 3);
-   machine with feed tray, feed intake, restrictor plate and pusher (see Figure 4);
-   machine with feed intake hopper, cover and screw conveyor (see Figure 5);
-   machine with feed intake hopper, with or without cover, screw conveyor, with loading device (continuously or discontinuously).
Machines comprise a machine base, a worm casing with a worm, a feed tray (with feed intake) or a feed intake hopper, a screw conveyor, a set of cutting tools, a lock nut, a loading device, a drive motor and - depending on machine type - electrical, hydraulic and pneumatic components. They will also have various safeguarding devices as examples in Clause 5.
(...)
Machines may be equipped e.g. with:
-   an extraction claw;
-   an ejector or extractor;
-   a protective hood over the discharge outlet;
-   a cover over the inlet opening of the feed intake hopper;
-   a transport carriage for the lock nut, the set of cutting tools, the worm and the screw conveyor;
-   a lifting device for the lock nut, the set of cutting tools, the worm and the screw conveyor;
-   a loading device.
1.3   Intended use
The product is fed manually or with a loading device into the mincing machine. The product is fed to the worm either by a pusher or a screw conveyor and reduced in size by a set of cutting tools.
It is foreseeable that industrial machines will be cleaned with pressurized water, so the requirements of 5.3.4 shall apply to all industrial machines in the scope of this standard. This is not applicable to professional machines.
This document specifies all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to machines, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Clause 4).
(...)

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Le présent document spécifie les exigences de production et sanitaires applicables aux produits fermentés à base de viande et établit une série de méthodes d’essai destinées à maîtriser la qualité des produits fermentés à base de viande. Il spécifie également les exigences de transport, de stockage, d’emballage et d’étiquetage. Le présent document est applicable aux produits fermentés à base de viande (du type prêt à consommer), notamment la saucisse fermentée, le jambon sec fermenté et d’autres produits fermentés à base de viande. Il est également applicable à la production de viande fermentée et aux relations commerciales.

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This document specifies the liquid chromatographic (LC) method for the determination of chloramphenicol content of muscle tissue of meat, including livestock and poultry. This document specifies the liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method (LC-MS/MS) for the determination of chloramphenicol content of muscle tissue, casing, liver of meat and meat products, including livestock and poultry. This document specifies LC-MS/MS as the reference method. The LC method is suitable for the determination of chloramphenicol content greater than 6,5Â mg/kg. LC-MS/MS is suitable for the determination of chloramphenicol content greater than 0,1Â ÎĽg/kg. Test samples which have deteriorated cannot be analysed with this method.

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This document describes general requirements, procedures and performance criteria for evaluating the content of genetically modified (GM) seeds/grains in a lot by a group testing strategy that includes qualitative analysis of sub-sampled groups followed by statistical evaluation of the results. This document is applicable to group testing strategy estimating the GM content on a percentage seed/grain basis for purity estimation, testing towards a given reject/accept criterion and for cases where seed/grain lots are carrying stacked events. This document is not applicable to processed products. NOTEÂ Â Â Â Â Â Description of the use of group testing strategy are available in References [1], [7], [8], [18], [19] and [20].

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This document presents the description and the results of the three studies conducted by United
Kingdom, France and Germany related to grain sampling in order to define a harmonized sampling
protocol for official controls.
These results had been used to draft ISO 24333.

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This method is suitable for the semi-quantitative analysis of oils, fats and oil/fat-related samples
(deodistillates).
Screening of oils, fats and oil/fat-related samples to obtain main (e.g. TAGs) and minor component (e.g.
sterols, sterol esters, tocopherols, squalene, wax esters, fatty alcohols, and glycerol) information in one
single analysis. For a truly quantitative analysis of pre-identified compound classes specific methods
are more appropriate.
Beside the (semi-)quantitative determination of the oil/fat composition mentioned above, the method
can also be used as a useful qualitative screening tool for the relative comparison of sample
compositions.

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This document specifies a detection method using thin-layer chromatography and a determination method using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for synthetic colouring agents in meat and meat products. This document specifies the HPLC method as the reference method. This document is applicable to meat and meat products, including livestock and poultry products. The method using thin-layer chromatography can detect the following colouring agents: Tartrazine, Patent Blue V, Quinoline Yellow, Indigotine, Sunset Yellow FCF, Brilliant Black PN, Amaranth, Black 7984, Ponceau 4R, Fast Green FCF, Erythrosine, Blue VRS. Synonyms and identity numbers of these colouring agents are listed in Annex A. The plant colours and plant extracts which have been observed not to interfere with this method are listed in B.1. Natural colours which in some cases have been shown to interfere with this method are listed in B.2. The method using HPLC can detect the following colouring agents: Tartrazine, Allura Red AC, Amaranth, Brilliant Blue FCF, Ponceau 4R, New Red, Sunset Yellow FCF, Carmoisine, Erythrosine, Indigotine. Chromatograms of these standard reference colours are shown in Annex D.

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This document describes general workflows and protocols for the validation and the verification of qualitative screening tests for the detection of residues of veterinary drugs in liquid milk (raw, pasteurized, UHT and reconstituted milk powders and whey protein extracts) including biological methods. This guideline does not cover the validation of residue analysis by HPLC, UHPLC or LC-MS/MS. This document is intended to be useful for manufacturers of screening test kits, laboratories validating screening methods or tests, competent authorities and dairies or end users of reagents or tests for the detection of veterinary drug residues in milk products. This document facilitates and improves the validation and verification of screening methods. The goals of this document are a harmonization in validation of methods or test kits in order for all stakeholders to have full trust in the result of residue screening and to limit the overlap and multiplication of validation work in different laboratories by sharing the validation results generated by an independent laboratory. Furthermore, a harmonized validation and verification procedure allows for comparison of the performance of different screening methods. This document does not imply that all end users are bound to perform all verification work proposed. The verification of the correct use of reagents/kits for the detection of antimicrobials is not part of the scope of this document.

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This document specifies a rapid procedure for the simultaneous determination of 2-MCPD esters (bound 2-MCPD), 3‐MCPD esters (bound 3‐MCPD) and glycidyl esters (bound glycidol) in a single assay, based on alkaline catalysed ester cleavage and derivatization of cleaved (free) analytes with phenylboronic acid (PBA) prior to GC-MS/MS analysis. Glycidyl ester overestimation is corrected by addition of an isotopic labelled ester bound 3-MCPD which allows the quantification of 3-MCPD induced glycidol during the procedure. This method is applicable to solid and liquid fats and oils. This document also applies to animal fats and used frying oils and fats, but these matrices were not included in the validation. For all three analytes the limit of quantification (LOQ) is 0,1 mg/kg and the limit of detection (LOD) is 0,03 mg/kg. Milk and milk products (or fat coming from milk and milk products), infant formulas, emulsifiers, free fatty acids and other fats- and oils-derived matrices are excluded from the scope of this document.

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This document specifies three methods for the determination of the total phosphorous content of all kinds of meat and meat products, including poultry and livestock: the inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) method; the spectrometric method; the gravimetric method. For the ICP-OES method, the limit of detection (LOD) is 1,0Â mg/kg and the limit of quantification (LOQ) is 3,0Â mg/kg if the mass of the test portion is 0,5Â g and the constant volume is 50Â ml.

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This document specifies two methods for the determination of the melting point in open capillary
tubes, commonly known as the slip melting point, of animal and vegetable fats and oils (referred to as
fats hereinafter).
— Method A is only applicable to animal and vegetable fats which are solid at ambient temperature and
which do not exhibit pronounced polymorphism.
— Method B is applicable to all animal and vegetable fats which are solid at ambient temperature and
is the method to be used for fats whose polymorphic behaviour is unknown.
For the determination of the slip melting point of palm oil samples the method given in Annex A shall be
used.
NOTE 1 If applied to fats with pronounced polymorphism, method A will give different and less satisfactory
results than method B.
NOTE 2 Fats which exhibit pronounced polymorphism are principally cocoa butter and fats containing
appreciable quantities of 2-unsaturated, 1,3-saturated triacylglycerols.

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This document describes the performance characteristics and minimum performance criteria which should be taken into account when conducting a single-laboratory validation study for qualitative (binary) real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods applied for the detection of specific DNA sequences present in foods.
The protocol was developed for qualitative real-time PCR methods for the detection of DNA sequences derived from genetically modified foodstuffs. It is applicable also for single-laboratory validation of qualitative PCR methods used for analysis of other food materials, e.g. for species detection and identification.
The document does not cover the evaluation of the applicability and the practicability with respect to the specific scope of the PCR method.

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This document specifies the spectrophotometer method and the light absorption microplate reader method for the determination of the free L-(+)-glutamic acid content of meat and meat products. This document is applicable to meat and meat products, including livestock and poultry products.

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This document specifies an analytical test method for the determination of anthraquinone (see Table 1) in water and 95 % ethanol extracts of pulp, paper and board materials and articles intended to come into contact with foodstuffs using a gas chromatograph coupled to a mass spectrometer (GC-MS). Moreover, acetone extracts of modified polyphenylene oxide (MPPO) that, according to EN 14338, can be used as a simulant to assess the possible transfer/migration of substances from paper and board into dry, non-fatty foodstuffs can be analysed with the method presented here.
This method can be applied to determine anthraquinone in concentrations ranging from 2 µg/l to 40 µg/l in the water and solvent extracts, corresponding to 0,05 mg/kg to 1 mg/kg pulp, paper and board or, respectively, 0,1 μg/dm2 to 2 μg/dm2 in the case of migration tests with MPPO. The measurement range can be lowered by enriching anthraquinone from the water and solvent extracts.
Table 1 - Anthraquinone
...

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This document presents the description and the results of the three studies conducted by United Kingdom, France and Germany related to grain sampling in order to define a harmonized sampling protocol for official controls. These results had been used to draft ISOÂ 24333.

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This document specifies a procedure for the detection of a DNA sequence present in a genetically modified linseed (Linum usitatissimum) line (event FP967, also named as “CDC Triffid”). For this purpose, extracted DNA is used in a real-time PCR and the genetic modification (GM) is specifically detected by amplification of a 105 bp DNA sequence representing the transition between the nopaline synthase gene terminator (Tnos) from Agrobacterium tumefaciens and the dihydrofolate reductase gene (dfrA1) from a Class 1 integron of Escherichia coli. The method described is applicable for the analysis of DNA extracted from foodstuffs. It can also be suitable for the analysis of DNA extracted from other products such as feedstuffs and seeds. The application of this method requires the extraction of an adequate amount of amplifiable DNA from the relevant matrix for the purpose of analysis.

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This part of ISO 23036 specifies a method that is applicable for the detection of Anisakidae L3 larvae commonly found in marine and anadromous fishes. The method can be applied to fresh fish and/or frozen fish, lightly processed fish products, such as marinated, salted or cold smoked.
This method allows quantifying parasitic infections by estimating the number of parasites in the fish musculature.
This method doesn’t allow determining species or genotype of detected parasites, which identification
is made by morphological and/or molecular methods

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This part of ISO 23036 specifies a method that is applicable for the detection of Anisakidae L3 larvae commonly found in marine and anadromous fishes. The method can be applied to fresh fish and/or frozen fish, lightly processed fish products, such as marinated, salted or smoked, and it’s also suitable for visceral organs as confirmatory method for visual inspection scheme.
The artificial digestion method allows quantifying parasitic infections by estimating the number of parasites in the fish musculature and, when applied to fresh fish or lightly processed fish products (never frozen before processing), determining the viability of Anisakidae L3, which may be present.
This method doesn’t allow determining species or genotype of detected parasites, which identification is made by morphological and/or molecular methods.

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This document specifies a procedure for the determination of the citrinin content in food (cereals, red yeast rice (RYR)), herbs and food supplements by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS).
This method has been validated for citrinin in red yeast rice and in the formulated food supplements in the range of 2,5 µg/kg to 3000 µg/kg and in wheat flour in the range of 2,5 µg/kg to 100 µg/kg.
Laboratory experiences have shown that this method is also applicable to white rice, herbs such as a powder of ginkgo biloba leaves and the formulated food supplements in the range of 2,5 µg/kg to 50 µg/kg.

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This document specifies a method for the semi-quantitative analysis of oils, fats and oil/fat-related samples (deodistillates). It is applicable to the screening of oils, fats and oil/fat-related samples to obtain main (e.g. triglycerides) and minor (e.g. sterols, sterol esters, tocopherols, wax esters, fatty alcohols, glycerol) component information in one single analysis. For a truly quantitative analysis of pre-identified compound classes, specific methods are more appropriate. The method can also be used as a useful qualitative screening tool for the relative comparison of sample compositions.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of aflatoxin M1 content in milk and milk powder.
The lowest level of validation is 0,08 μg/kg for whole milk powder, i.e. 0,008 μg/l for reconstituted
liquid milk. The limit of detection (LOD) is 0,05 μg/kg for milk powder and 0,005 μg/kg for liquid milk.
The limit of quantification (LOQ) is 0,1 μg/kg for milk powder and 0,01 μg/kg for liquid milk.
The method is also applicable to low-fat milk, skimmed milk, low-fat milk powder and skimmed milk
powder.

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This document specifies a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) or ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) method for the determination of content of the four major theaflavins of tea. It is applicable to both leaf and instant black and oolong teas. The method is currently not validated for ready-to-drink (RTD) beverages.

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This document specifies two methods for the determination of the melting point in open capillary tubes, commonly known as the slip melting point, of animal and vegetable fats and oils (referred to as fats hereinafter). —   Method A is only applicable to animal and vegetable fats which are solid at ambient temperature and which do not exhibit pronounced polymorphism. —   Method B is applicable to all animal and vegetable fats which are solid at ambient temperature and is the method to be used for fats whose polymorphic behaviour is unknown. For the determination of the slip melting point of palm oil samples the method given in Annex A shall be used. NOTE 1  If applied to fats with pronounced polymorphism, method A will give different and less satisfactory results than method B. NOTE 2  Fats which exhibit pronounced polymorphism are principally cocoa butter and fats containing appreciable quantities of 2-unsaturated, 1,3-saturated triacylglycerols.

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This document establishes the minimum specifications for rice (Oryza sativa L.) that is subject to international trade. It is applicable to husked rice and milled rice (aromatic and not aromatic), parboiled or not, intended for direct human consumption. It does not apply to other products derived from rice nor to waxy rice (glutinous rice).

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This document specifies a method for applying magnitude estimation to the evaluation of sensory attributes. The methodology specified covers the training of assessors, and obtaining magnitude estimations as well as their statistical interpretation.

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This document specifies a procedure for determining whether a perceptible sensory difference or
similarity exists between samples of two products. The method is a forced-choice procedure. The
method is applicable whether a difference exists in a single sensory attribute or in several attributes.
The method is statistically more efficient than the duo-trio test (described in ISO 10399), but has
limited use with products that exhibit strong carryover and/or lingering flavours.
The method is applicable even when the nature of the difference is unknown [i.e. it determines neither
the size nor the direction of difference between samples, nor is there any indication of the attribute(s)
responsible for the difference]. The method is applicable only if the products are homogeneous.
The method is effective for:
a) determining that:
1) either a perceptible difference results (triangle testing for difference);
2) a perceptible difference does not result (triangle testing for similarity),
when, for example, a change is made in ingredients, processing, packaging, handling or storage;
b) selecting, training and monitoring assessors.

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This document gives guidelines for the establishment of a conversion relationship between the results
of an alternative method and an anchor method, and its verification for the quantitative determination
of the microbiological quality of milk.
NOTE The conversion relationship can be used a) to convert results from an alternative method to the anchor
basis or b) to convert results/limits, expressed on an anchor basis, to results in units of an alternative method.

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This document describes a method for the determination of the sum total of six ergot alkaloids (ergocornine, ergometrine, ergocristine, ergotamine, ergosine and ergocryptine) and their  inine epimer pairs by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) after clean-up by dispersive solid phase extraction (SPE).
The method has been validated for cereals and cereal-based food products.
The method has been validated in the range 13,2 µg/kg to 168 µg/kg for the sum of the twelve ergot alkaloids, in rye flour, rye bread and cereal products (breakfast cereal, infant breakfast cereal, and crispbread) that contained rye as an ingredient, as well as seeded wholemeal flour and a barley and rye flour mixture.
Method performance was satisfactory in the range 24,1 µg/kg to 168 µg/kg, however at lower concentrations RSDR values were greater than 44 %, and HorRat values exceeded 2,0, indicating the method may not be fully suitable at concentrations below 24 µg/kg for sum of ergot alkaloids, although it is suitable for screening at these concentrations. Method performance may be improved by inclusion of an isotopically labelled internal standard, but this was not available at the time of the method validation study.

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This document provides guidelines on: — how to express vitamin quantity, — the expression of different molecular forms in appropriate units, — and in some cases, vitamin activity, according to vitamers present or used in food products, in addition to the quantitative content determination obtained from ISO and CEN analytical standards. It provides information to be used as a basis for discussion between stakeholders and food control laboratories. It is not intended to be prescriptive or exhaustive.

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This document defines terms for classifying and assessing green tea for commerce.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of aflatoxin M1 content in milk and milk powder. The lowest level of validation is 0,08 µg/kg for whole milk powder, i.e. 0,008 µg/l for reconstituted liquid milk. The limit of detection (LOD) is 0,05 μg/kg for milk powder and 0,005 μg/kg for liquid milk. The limit of quantification (LOQ) is 0,1 μg/kg for milk powder and 0,01 μg/kg for liquid milk. The method is also applicable to low-fat milk, skimmed milk, low-fat milk powder and skimmed milk powder.

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This document specifies two methods:
— a reference method for the determination of the moisture content of maize grains and ground whole
maize, groats, grits and maize flour, see Clause 4;
— a routine method for the evaluation of the moisture content of maize in whole grains, see Clause 5.
The latter is not suitable for use for experts’ reports, or for calibration or checking of humidity meters,
because of its significant bias to the reference method (see Table B.3).

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the moisture and volatile matter content of oilseed meals obtained by the extraction of oil from oilseeds by pressure and/or solvent.

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This document specifies requirements for the determination of the dry matter content of liquid or pasty coffee extracts by means of the sea sand method. It is applicable to liquid or pasty coffee extracts. The method is intended as a routine method.

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This document gives guidelines for substantiating sensory claims on food and non-food products and their packaging for advertising consumer-packaged goods. This document differentiates sensory claims from other types of claims. It provides classification and examples of the different types of sensory claims. It highlights special issues associated with testing to substantiate sensory claims. It includes case studies and references. This document does not apply to: — specific or detailed requirements for different test methods that are used to support sensory claims; — factual claims regarding a product's country of origin, ingredients, processing and nutritional components; — factual claims regarding the technical features of the product; — claims regarding a product's health, medical or therapeutic benefits, physiological effects, structure or function benefits when consumed or applied to the human body; — claims based on instrumental assessments of the attributes or performance of a product (i.e. instrumental assessments; in this case, test methods are used in which no human participant evaluates the product and/or no human participant provides a response to a product); — claims about services (e.g. a house cleaning service, airline services, automobile services); — claims about large/slow moving consumer goods (autos, refrigerators, stoves, etc.).

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This International Standard describes the quantitative liquid chromatographic determination of specific sugars (galactose, glucose, fructose, sucrose, lactose, and maltose) in various milk and milk products, applying arabinose or fucose as internal standards. The method is applicable for the following different dairy matrices: milk, milk powder, chees, whey powder, infant formula, dessert and yogurt. Soy containing dairy products are excluded. The determination of the lactose content in low lactose milk products is excluded.
A sophisticated high performance anion exchange chromatographic method in combination with
pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-AD) is applied. With this method the following 13 different
mono- and disaccharides can be separated: fucose, arabinose, galactose, glucose, fructose, sucrose, lactose, lactulose, maltose, melobiose, trehalose, platinose (maltulose) and maltotriose.

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This Technical Report describes quality designations and indications for algae and directly derived products from algae production required for or by food/feed/nutraceuticals/animal food producers and industry. This TR does not apply to pharmacuetical, cosmetics and chemical applications.  
Note: This TR does not provide instructions on existing handling of technical requirements in existing legislations.

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This International Standard specifies a method for the determination of inulin-type fructans (including oligofructose, and fructooligosaccharides) in infant formula and adult nutritionals containing 0,03 g/100 g to 5,0 g/100 g of fructan in the product as prepared ready for consumption.
A high performance anion exchange chromatographic method in combination with pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD) is applied.

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The document specifies the definitions and technical criteria to be fulfilled for foods and food ingredients to be suitable for vegetarians (including ovo-lacto-, ovo- and lacto-vegetarians) or vegans as well as for food labelling and claims. It is applicable to business-to-business communication (B2B), to the food trade, and to food labelling and claims. The definitions and technical criteria apply only post-harvest/collecting. It does not apply to human safety, environmental safety, socio-economic considerations (e.g. fair trade, animal welfare), religious beliefs and the characteristics of packaging materials.

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