Stationary training equipment - Part 1: General safety requirements and test methods

This European Standard specifies general safety requirements for stationary training equipment during use unless modified in the other parts of this European Standard.
It also specifies a classification system (see Clause 4).
This European Standard is applicable to all stationary training equipment as defined in 3.1. This includes equip-ment for use in training areas of organizations such as sport associations, educational establishments, hotels, sport halls, clubs, rehabilitation centres and studios (classes S and I) where access and control is specifically regulated by the owner (person who has the legal responsibility), equipment for domestic use (class H) and other types of equipment including motor driven equipment as defined in 3.1.
If a user has special needs (medical rehabilitation, disability) it is essential that the owner (the person with legal responsibility) conducts a specific risk assessment to determine safe use and if necessary to insure trained staff are available to supervise the activity.
The requirements of a specific standard take priority over the corresponding requirements of this general Euro-pean Standard.
This European Standard does not apply to stationary training equipment intended for use by children.
NOTE 1   In the event that the stationary training equipment is intended for medical purposes, attention is drawn to the requirements of Council Directive of 14 June 1993 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to medical devices 93/42/EEC in addition to the requirements of this European Standard.
NOTE 2   In the event that the stationary training equipment is designed to be accessible to people with disability, atten-tion is drawn to any relevant national guidelines (see bibliography).

Stationäre Trainingsgeräte - Teil 1: Allgemeine sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Diese Norm legt allgemeine sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen für stationäre Trainingsgeräte im Gebrauch fest, wenn nicht durch die anderen Teile dieser Norm geändert.
Sie legt auch eine Klassifizierung fest (siehe Abschnitt 4).
Diese Norm gilt für alle stationären Trainingsgeräte nach der Definition in 3.1. Dies schließt Geräte ein für die Verwendung in Trainingsräumen von Einrichtungen, wie z. B. Sportvereinen, Schuleinrichtungen, Hotels, Sporthallen, Clubs, Rehabilitationszentren und Studios (Klassen S und I), deren Zugang und Aufsicht speziell vom Eigentümer (Person, die die gesetzliche Verantwortung trägt), geregelt sind, Geräte für die Verwendung im Heimbereich (Klasse H) sowie andere Arten von Geräten, einschließlich Geräte mit Motorantrieb nach der Definition in 3.1.
Bei besonderem Bedarf des Benutzers (medizinische Rehabilitation, körperliche Behinderung) muss der
Eigentümer (Person, die die gesetzliche Verantwortung trägt), eine spezielle Risikoanalyse durchführen, um den sicheren Gebrauch zu bestimmen und falls erforderlich, sicherzustellen, dass ausgebildete Mitarbeiter zur Verfügung stehen, um die Übungen zu beaufsichtigen.
Die Anforderungen einer besonderen Norm haben Vorrang vor den entsprechenden Anforderungen dieser allgemeinen Norm.
Diese Norm gilt nicht für stationäre Trainingsgeräte, die von Kindern benutzt werden.
ANMERKUNG   Im Falle, dass das stationäre Trainingsgerät für medizinische Zwecke benutzt wird, können zusätzlich zu den Anforderungen dieser Norm die Vorschriften der Richtlinie des Rates für medizinische Geräte einbezogen werden.

Appareils d'entraînement fixes - Partie 1 : Exigences générales de sécurité et méthodes d'essai

La présente norme précise les exigences générales de sécurité relatives aux appareils d'entraînement fixes au cours de leur emploi, sous réserve de modifications dans les autres parties de la présente norme.
Elle spécifie également un système de classification (voir article 4).
La présente norme s'applique à tous les appareils d'entraînement fixes définis en 3.1. Cela comprend les appareils utilisés dans les zones d'activités d'organismes tels que les associations sportives, établissements scolaires, hôtels, salles de sports, clubs et espaces (classes S et I) où leur accès et contrôle relèvent plus précisément de leur propriétaire (personne légalement responsable), les appareils destinés à l'emploi à domicile (classe H) ainsi que tous les autres types d'appareils, y compris ceux qui sont motorisés et définis en 3.1.
Si un utilisateur nécessite une assistance particulière (rééducation médicale, incapacité), le propriétaire (la personne légalement responsable) doit procéder à une évaluation du risque spécifique afin de déterminer les conditions d'utilisation en toute sécurité et, si nécessaire, de s'assurer de la présence d'un personnel formé pour superviser l'activité.
Les exigences d'une norme spécifique prévalent sur les exigences correspondantes de la présente norme générale.
La présente norme ne s'applique pas aux appareils d'entraînement fixes destinés à être utilisés par des enfants.
NOTE   Si l'appareil d'entraînement fixe est utilisé à des fins médicales, il peut être couvert par les dispositions de la Directive du Conseil relative aux dispositifs médicaux, en plus des exigences de la présente norme.

Nepremična oprema za vadbo - 1. del: Splošne varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
09-Aug-2005
Withdrawal Date
17-Sep-2013
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Due Date
18-Sep-2013
Completion Date
18-Sep-2013

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 957-1:2005
01-november-2005
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 957-1:1998 + A1:2002
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Stationary training equipment - Part 1: General safety requirements and test methods

Stationäre Trainingsgeräte - Teil 1: Allgemeine sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und

Prüfverfahren

Appareils d'entraînement fixes - Partie 1 : Exigences générales de sécurité et méthodes

d'essai
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 957-1:2005
ICS:
97.220.30
SIST EN 957-1:2005 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 957-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
August 2005
ICS 97.220.30 Supersedes EN 957-1:1996 + A1:1998
English Version
Stationary training equipment - Part 1: General safety
requirements and test methods

Appareils d'entraînement fixes - Partie 1 : Exigences Stationäre Trainingsgeräte - Teil 1: Allgemeine

générales de sécurité et méthodes d'essai sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 27 June 2005.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official

versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,

Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,

Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2005 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 957-1:2005: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
EN 957-1:2005 (E)
Contents page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................3

Introduction......................................................................................................................................................4

1 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................5

2 Normative references .........................................................................................................................5

3 Terms and definitions.........................................................................................................................6

4 Classification.......................................................................................................................................7

5 Safety requirements............................................................................................................................8

6 Test methods.....................................................................................................................................12

7 Care and maintenance......................................................................................................................15

8 Assembly instructions......................................................................................................................15

9 General instructions for use ............................................................................................................15

10 Marking ..............................................................................................................................................16

Bibliography...................................................................................................................................................17

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EN 957-1:2005 (E)
Foreword

This European Standard (EN 957-1:2005) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 136 “Sports,

playground and other recreational equipment”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2006, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn

at the latest by February 2006.
This European Standard supersedes EN 957-1:1996 + A1:1998.

This standard EN 957 "Stationary training equipment" consists of the following parts:

— Part 1: General safety requirements and test methods

— Part 2: Strength training equipment, additional specific safety requirements and test methods

— Part 4: Strength training benches, additional specific safety requirements and test methods

— Part 5: Pedal crank training equipment, additional specific safety requirements and test methods

— Part 6: Treadmills, additional specific safety requirements and test methods

— Part 7: Rowing machines, additional specific safety requirements and test methods

— Part 8: Steppers, stairclimbers and climbers - Additional specific safety requirements and test methods

— Part 9: Elliptical trainers, additional specific safety requirements and test methods

— Part 10: Exercise bicycles with a fixed wheel or without freewheel, additional specific safety requirements

and test methods
Part 3 has been amalgamated with part 2 after CEN Enquiry.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Den-

mark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxem-

bourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and

United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
EN 957-1:2005 (E)
Introduction

This part of EN 957 (hereinafter called the General Standard) specifies safety requirements that are generally

applicable to stationary training equipment. For specific types of equipment these requirements are supple-

mented or modified by the requirements of specific standards which have been issued as additional parts of

this European Standard.

Where specific standards exist, this general standard should not be used alone. Special care is required in

applying this general standard alone to equipment for which no specific standard has yet been published.

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
EN 957-1:2005 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies general safety requirements for stationary training equipment during use

unless modified in the other parts of this European Standard.
It also specifies a classification system (see Clause 4).

This European Standard is applicable to all stationary training equipment as defined in 3.1. This includes equip-

ment for use in training areas of organizations such as sport associations, educational establishments, hotels,

sport halls, clubs, rehabilitation centres and studios (classes S and I) where access and control is specifically

regulated by the owner (person who has the legal responsibility), equipment for domestic use (class H) and other

types of equipment including motor driven equipment as defined in 3.1.

If a user has special needs (medical rehabilitation, disability) it is essential that the owner (the person with legal

responsibility) conducts a specific risk assessment to determine safe use and if necessary to insure trained staff

are available to supervise the activity.

The requirements of a specific standard take priority over the corresponding requirements of this general Euro-

pean Standard.

This European Standard does not apply to stationary training equipment intended for use by children.

NOTE 1 In the event that the stationary training equipment is intended for medical purposes, attention is drawn to the

requirements of Council Directive of 14 June 1993 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to

medical devices 93/42/EEC in addition to the requirements of this European Standard.

NOTE 2 In the event that the stationary training equipment is designed to be accessible to people with disability, atten-

tion is drawn to any relevant national guidelines (see bibliography).
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this European Standard. For

dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 60335-1, Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Part 1: General requirements

EN 60601-1, Medical electrical equipment — Part 1: General requirements for safety (IEC 60601-1:1988)

EN ISO 6508-1, Metallic materials — Rockwell hardness test — Part 1: Test method (scales A, B, C, D, E, F,

G, H, K, N, T) (ISO 6508-1:1999)

EN ISO 12100-1, Safety of machinery - Basic concepts, general principles for design - Part 1: Basic terminol-

ogy, methodology (ISO 12100-1:2003)
ISO 8793, Steel wire ropes — Ferrule-secured eye terminations
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
EN 957-1:2005 (E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this European Standard, the following terms and definitions apply.

3.1
stationary training equipment (hereinafter referred to as training equipment)

equipment that is not moved as a unit during use which either stands on the floor or is attached to a wall, ceil-

ing or other fixed structure
NOTE Training equipment can be used for example for the following:
a) physical culture, body building or body styling;
b) health fitness training;
c) physical education;
d) training specific to competition and related sports activities;
e) preventive treatment and rehabilitation.
3.2
training area
area in which the user and equipment can move when the equipment is used

NOTE The training area can be utilized to deny third party access to dangerous parts of the equipment.

3.3
accessible hand and foot area (hereinafter referred to as accessible area)

area accessible to user or to third parties when the equipment is in normal use, during setting up, grasping,

adjusting the equipment or the position of the body for exercise
3.4
reverse force
yielding force (eccentric force) when e.g. lowering load
3.5
range of movement

space in which the user or part of the user is moving according to the instructions given in the user's manual

3.6
dynamic direction

direction in which the force is applied during a normal exercise as described in the user's manual

3.7
bodymass

this value is 100 kg or the maximum specified user weight as described in the user's manual whichever is

greater
3.8
intrinsic loading
loading due to user's bodymass
3.9
extrinsic loading
loads additional to the user's bodymass
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
EN 957-1:2005 (E)
3.10
maximum specified load
maximum load specified by the manufacturer
3.11
ergometer

any piece of training equipment that measures the input of power in Watts with a specific accuracy as defined

in the specific part of the standard

NOTE This term can only be used for training equipment, which fulfills this condition.

3.12
speed dependent training equipment

training equipment where the braking torque cannot be adjusted and is proportional to the pedal speed, e.g.

fan driven bike
3.13
speed independent training equipment

training equipment where the braking torque can be adjusted by other means than speed

3.14
power driven training equipment

training equipment which is driven by external power (e.g. electric motors and pneumatic pistons)

4 Classification
4.1 General

Equipment shall be classified in accordance with accuracy and usage class as described in 4.2 to 4.4.

If the intended use of an equipment is for more classes it shall fulfill the requirements of each intended class.

4.2 Types
The type numbers used in the specific parts are taken from the part numbers.
EXAMPLE: Type 2: strength training equipment as defined in EN 957-2.
4.3 Accuracy classes
4.3.1 Class A: high accuracy.
4.3.2 Class B: medium accuracy.
4.3.3 Class C: minimum accuracy.

NOTE Accuracy classes are shown in the additional specific parts of the standard.

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EN 957-1:2005 (E)
4.4 Usage classes
4.4.1 Class S (Studio): professional and/or commercial use.

NOTE Such training equipment is intended for use in training areas of organizations such as sport associations, edu-

cational establishments, hotels, clubs and studios, where access and control is specifically regulated by the owner (person

who has the legal responsibility).
4.4.2 Class H (Home): domestic use.

4.4.3 Class I: professional and/or commercial use provided for inclusive use for people with special needs

(e.g. visual, hearing, physical or learning disabilities).
Such equipment shall also be in compliance with class S requirements.

NOTE Such training equipment is intended for use in training areas of organizations such as sport associations, edu-

cational establishments, hotels, clubs, rehabilitation centres and studios, where access and control is specifically regulated

by the owner (person who has the legal responsibility).
5 Safety requirements

NOTE Concerning flammability there may be national regulations with which the products should comply.

5.1 Stability of free-standing equipment
When tested in accordance with 6.3, the training equipment shall not fall over.
5.2 External construction
5.2.1 Edges

All edges and corners of surfaces supporting bodies shall have a radius r > 2,5 mm.

All other edges of components which are accessible to the user or to third parties shall be free of burrs,

rounded or protected in some other way.
Test in accordance with 6.1.1 and 6.1.3.
5.2.2 Tube ends

When tested in accordance with 6.1.2, accessible tube ends shall be closed off either by parts of the equip-

ment or by plugs.

The plugs shall remain in position at the end of the endurance load test, as prescribed in the relevant parts of

the applicable specific standard.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
EN 957-1:2005 (E)
5.2.3 Squeeze, shear, rotating and reciproca
...

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