Masonry cement - Part 1: Composition, specifications and conformity criteria

This European Standard specifies the definition and composition of masonry cements as commonly used in Europe for the production of mortar for bricklaying and blocklaying and for rendering and plastering. It includes physical, mechanical and chemical requirements and defines strength classes. EN 413-1 also states the conformity criteria and the related rules. Necessary durability requirements are also given.
NOTE   For normal applications the information given in EN 413-1, in EN 998-1 and in EN 998-2 is generally sufficient. However, in special cases, an exchange of additional information between the masonry cement producer and user can be helpful. The details of such an exchange are not within the scope of EN 413-1 but should be dealt with in accordance with national standards or other regulations or can be agreed between the parties concerned.

Putz- und Mauerbinder - Teil 1: Zusammensetzung, Anforderungen und Konformitätskriterien

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Definition und die Zusammensetzung von Putz- und Mauerbindern, die üblicherweise in Europa für Putz- und Mauerarbeiten verwendet werden, fest. Sie enthält physikalische, mechanische und chemische Anforderungen und definiert Festigkeitsklassen. Darüber hinaus enthält EN 413-1 die Konformitätskriterien und die damit verbundenen Regeln sowie notwendige Anforderungen an die Dauerhaftigkeit.
ANMERKUNG In der Regel sind die in EN 413-1, EN 998-1 und EN 998-2 enthaltenen Angaben für die übliche Anwendung ausreichend. In besonderen Fällen kann jedoch ein Austausch von zusätzlichen Informationen zwischen dem Hersteller von Putz- und Mauerbindern und dem Abnehmer hilfreich sein. Die Einzelheiten eines solchen Informationsaustauschs sind nicht Gegenstand von EN 413-1; sie sollten in Übereinstimmung mit nationalen Normen oder mit anderen Regelungen festgelegt werden oder können zwischen den betreffenden Parteien vereinbart werden.

Ciment à maçonner - Partie 1: Composition, spécifications et critères de conformité

La présente Norme européenne spécifie la définition et la composition des ciments à maçonner
généralement utilisés en Europe pour la production de mortier destiné au montage de briques et de
blocs, ainsi qu’aux enduits intérieurs et extérieurs. Elle inclut les exigences relatives à leurs propriétés
physiques, mécaniques et chimiques, et définit les classes de résistance. L’EN 413-1 stipule également
les critères de conformité et les règles associées. Elle donne également les exigences de durabilité
nécessaires.
NOTE Pour des applications normales, les informations données dans l’EN 413-1, l’EN 998-1 et l’EN 998-2
sont généralement suffisantes. Toutefois, dans des cas spéciaux, un échange d’informations supplémentaires
entre le producteur de ciment à maçonner et l’utilisateur peut se révéler utile. Les détails d’un tel échange ne
relèvent pas du domaine d’application de l’EN 413-1, mais il convient de les traiter conformément aux normes
nationales ou autres règlements nationaux ; ils peuvent également faire l’objet d’un accord entre les parties
concernées.

Zidarski cement - 1. del: Sestava, zahteve in merila skladnosti

Ta evropski standard določa opredelitev in sestavo zidarskih cementov, ki se v Evropi pogosto uporabljajo za proizvodnjo malte za zidanje zidov, ometavanje in štukature. Vključuje fizikalne, mehanske in kemične zahteve ter opredeljuje jakostne razrede. EN 413-1 tudi navaja merila za skladnost in sorodna pravila. Navedene so tudi zahteve za potrebno trajnost.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
19-Apr-2011
Current Stage
9092 - Decision on results of review/2YR ENQ - revise - Review Enquiry
Due Date
15-Jul-2016
Completion Date
02-May-2017

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Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 413-1:2011
01-julij-2011
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 413-1:2004
Zidarski cement - 1. del: Sestava, zahteve in merila skladnosti
Masonry cement - Part 1: Composition, specifications and conformity criteria
Putz- und Mauerbinder - Teil 1: Zusammensetzung, Anforderungen und
Konformitätskriterien
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 413-1:2011
ICS:
91.100.10 Cement. Mavec. Apno. Malta Cement. Gypsum. Lime.
Mortar
SIST EN 413-1:2011 en,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 413-1:2011
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 413-1:2011
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 413-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
April 2011
ICS 91.100.10 Supersedes EN 413-1:2004
English Version
Masonry cement - Part 1: Composition, specifications and
conformity criteria
Putz- und Mauerbinder - Teil 1: Zusammensetzung,
Anforderungen und Konformitätskriterien
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 10 March 2011.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2011 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 413-1:2011: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 413-1:2011
EN 413-1:2011 (E)
Contents page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 5

1 Scope...................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................... 7

4 Notation .................................................................................................................................................. 8

5 Requirements ........................................................................................................................................ 8

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.2 Constituents and composition ............................................................................................................ 8

5.3 Physical and mechanical requirements.............................................................................................. 9

5.3.1 Fineness (sieve residue) ...................................................................................................................... 9

5.3.2 Initial setting time .................................................................................................................................. 9

5.3.3 Final setting time ................................................................................................................................... 9

5.3.4 Soundness ............................................................................................................................................. 9

5.3.5 Fresh mortar requirements .................................................................................................................. 9

5.3.6 Compressive strength ........................................................................................................................ 10

5.4 Chemical requirements ...................................................................................................................... 10

5.5 Durability requirements ...................................................................................................................... 11

6 Standard designation ......................................................................................................................... 11

7 Conformity criteria .............................................................................................................................. 11

7.1 General requirements ......................................................................................................................... 11

7.2 Conformity criteria for physical, mechanical and chemical properties and

evaluation procedure .......................................................................................................................... 12

7.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 12

7.2.2 Statistical conformity criteria ............................................................................................................ 12

7.2.3 Single result conformity criteria ........................................................................................................ 16

7.3 Conformity criteria for masonry cement composition .................................................................... 17

Annex A (informative) Water-soluble hexavalent chromium ....................................................................... 18

Annex ZA (informative) Clauses of this European Standard addressing the provisions of

the EU Construction Products Directive .......................................................................................... 19

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 26

Tables

Table 1 — Composition of masonry cements ................................................................................................. 9

Table 2 — Fresh mortar requirements given as characteristic values ....................................................... 10

Table 3 — Compressive strength requirements given as characteristic values ....................................... 10

Table 4 — Chemical requirements given as characteristic values ............................................................. 11

Table 5 — Properties, test methods and minimum testing frequencies for the autocontrol

testing by the manufacturer, and the statistical assessment procedure ...................................... 13

Table 6 — Required values of P and CR ...................................................................................................... 14

Table 7 — Acceptability constant ................................................................................................................... 15

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 413-1:2011
EN 413-1:2011 (E)

Table 8 — Values of c .................................................................................................................................... 16

Table 9 — Limit values for single results ...................................................................................................... 17

Table ZA.1— Harmonised clauses ................................................................................................................. 20

Table ZA.2— System of attestation of conformity ........................................................................................ 21

Table ZA.3— Assignment of evaluation of conformity tasks for masonry cement under

system 1+ ............................................................................................................................................. 22

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 413-1:2011
EN 413-1:2011 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN 413-1:2011) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 51 "Cement

and building limes", the secretariat of which is held by NBN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2011, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by October 2011.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such

patent rights.
This document supersedes EN 413-1:2004.

The European Standard, EN 413, “Masonry cement”, consists of the following parts:

Part 1: Composition, specifications and conformity criteria;
Part 2: Test methods.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and

the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

EN 413-1 has been prepared to provide a range of materials from which users of EN 998-1, EN 998-2

and EN 1996-1-1 (Eurocode 6) can select with confidence to achieve the level of strength and

durability required of masonry and rendering.
The main changes from EN 413-1:2004 are as follows:
- introduction of a class MC 22,5 (air-entrained) cement;
- removal of references to EN 459-2 for compressive strength testing;
- the upper limit for SO content is increased.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,

Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 413-1:2011
EN 413-1:2011 (E)
Introduction

Masonry cement should be defined and specified precisely with sufficiently stringent requirements to

satisfy those who are responsible for the design and construction of buildings and other structures for

maximum safety and durability.

This European Standard is a carefully balanced document that has been thoroughly discussed, taking

into account the need to provide clear definitions and specifications and to arrive at a usable standard.

The requirements of this European Standard are, where appropriate, based on the results from tests on

masonry cement in accordance with EN 196 'Methods of testing cement'. Strength is measured on a

standard mortar prepared in accordance with EN 196-1 with a fixed water/cement ratio and compacted

using the equipment described in EN 196-1. However, some additional tests have been found necessary

and these tests are described in EN 413-2.

CEN/TC 51 recognises the importance of workability (cohesivity at standard consistence) of mortars

prepared from masonry cements. A test method is available in CR 13933, and in which results of a test

programme are also given. This test method was not found valid for standard requirement purposes due

to its lack of reproducibility, however it provides valuable information for the manufacturers and users on

the property in use of masonry cements.

The properties of bond and durability (resistance to frost and/or chemical attack) of mortars are very

important and appropriate mortar tests are being developed by CEN/TC 125, Masonry. In many

applications, particularly in severe environmental conditions, the choice of the type/class of masonry

cement from EN 413-1 can influence the durability of mortar, e.g. in respect of frost and chemical

resistance.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 413-1:2011
EN 413-1:2011 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies the definition and composition of masonry cements as commonly used

in Europe for the production of mortar for bricklaying and blocklaying and for rendering and plastering. It

includes physical, mechanical and chemical requirements and defines strength classes. EN 413-1 also

states the conformity criteria and the related rules. Necessary durability requirements are also given.

NOTE For normal applications the information given in EN 413-1, in EN 998-1 and in EN 998-2 is generally

sufficient. However, in special cases, an exchange of additional information between the masonry cement

producer and user can be helpful. The details of such an exchange are not within the scope of EN 413-1 but

should be dealt with in accordance with national standards or other regulations or can be agreed between the

parties concerned.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.
EN 196-1, Methods of testing cement — Part 1: Determination of strength
EN 196-2, Methods of testing cement — Part 2: Chemical analysis of cement

EN 196-3, Methods of testing cement — Part 3: Determination of setting time and soundness

EN 196-6, Methods of testing cement — Part 6: Determination of fineness

EN 196-7, Methods of testing cement — Part 7: Methods of taking and preparing samples of cement

EN 197-1, Cement — Part 1: Composition, specifications and conformity criteria for common cements

EN 413-2, Masonry cement — Part 2: Test methods

EN 459-1, Building lime - Part 1: Definitions, specifications and conformity criteria

EN 12878, Pigments for the colouring of building materials based on cement and/or lime - Specifications

and methods of test
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 413-1:2011
EN 413-1:2011 (E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
masonry cement

factory made finely powdered hydraulic binder which relies essentially upon the presence of Portland

cement clinker to develop strength. When mixed with sand and water only and without the addition of

further materials it produces a workable mortar suitable for use in rendering, plastering and masonry work

3.2
additives

constituents which are added to improve the manufacture or the properties of the masonry cement, e.g.

grinding aids, air-entraining agents
3.3
autocontrol testing

continual testing by the manufacturer, of masonry cement spot samples taken at the point(s) of release

from the factory/depot
3.4
control period

period of production and despatch identified for the evaluation of the autocontrol test results

3.5
characteristic value

value of a required property outside of which lies a specified percentage, the percentile P , of all the

values of the population
3.6
specified characteristic value

characteristic value of a mechanical, physical or chemical property which in the case of an upper limit is

not to be exceeded or, in the case of a lower limit is, as a minimum, to be reached

3.7
single result limit value

value of a mechanical, physical or chemical property which, for any single test result as in the case of an

upper limit is not to be exceeded or, in the case of a lower limit is, as a minimum, to be reached

3.8
allowable probability of acceptance CR

for a given sampling plan, the allowed probability of acceptance of masonry cement with a characteristic

value outside the specified characteristic value
3.9
sampling plan

specific plan which states the (statistical) sample size(s) to be used, the percentile P and the allowable

probability of acceptance CR
3.10
spot sample

sample taken at the same time and from one and the same place, relating to the intended tests. It can be

obtained by combining one or more immediately consecutive increments (see EN 196-7)

---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 413-1:2011
EN 413-1:2011 (E)
4 Notation
Masonry cement is designated by the term 'MC'.
There are three strength classes of masonry cement, 5, 12,5 and 22,5.

The term 'X' designates masonry cements in which an air entraining agent is not incorporated.

5 Requirements
5.1 General

The physical, mechanical and chemical properties of masonry cements shall be measured by the test

methods described in EN 413-2 and in the relevant parts of EN 196. These European Standards give

alternative test methods for some properties but in the event of a dispute only the reference methods

shall be used. Where allowed in the relevant part of EN 196, different methods may be used provided

they give correlated and equivalent values to those obtained using the reference method.

The CEN Standard sand (see EN 196-1) used to make the mortars for the tests required by 5.3.5 and

5.3.6 shall have a silica content (as quartz) of not less than 93 %.

NOTE EN 196-1 permits the use of CEN Standard sands that have been assessed against the CEN

Reference sand in respect of their strength characteristics. According to this standard the CEN Standard sand is

used in mortar for tests other than that for strength. These tests have only been evaluated using CEN Standard

sand based essentially on silica.

All requirements are specified as characteristic values. They serve to define the performance level

and classification of the masonry cements.
5.2 Constituents and composition

Masonry cement shall comprise Portland cement clinker, inorganic constituents and where

appropriate additive(s) as given in Table 1. Calcium sulfate is added in small quantities to the other

constituents of masonry cement during its manufacture to control setting.

The inorganic constituents of masonry cements conforming to EN 413-1 shall be materials selected

from:
 natural mineral materials;
 mineral materials used for or derived from the clinker production process;
 hydrated and/or hydraulic building limes conforming to EN 459-1;
 constituents specified in EN 197-1;

 inorganic pigments (except those containing carbon black) conforming to EN 12878.

NOTE Carbon black has a detrimental effect upon the air entrainment.

Additives shall not promote corrosion of embedded metal such as reinforcement and wall ties or

impair the properties, including behaviour in fire, of the mortar made from the masonry cement.

Organic pigments are not permitted.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 413-1:2011
EN 413-1:2011 (E)
Table 1 — Composition of masonry cements
Type Content
% by mass
Portland cement clinker Additives
MC 5
≥ 25 ≤ 1
MC 12,5; MC 12,5 X
≥ 40
MC 22,5; MC 22,5 X

The quantity of organic additives on a dry basis shall not exceed 0,5 % by mass of the masonry cement.

The manufacturing process and its control shall ensure that the composition of masonry cement is kept

within the limits fixed in EN 413-1. Masonry cements consist ultimately of individual small grains of

different materials and are statistically homogeneous in composition resulting from quality assured

production and material handling processes.

A high degree of uniformity in all masonry cement properties shall be obtained through mass production

processes, in particular, adequate grinding and homogenization. Qualified and skilled personnel and the

facilities to test, evaluate and adjust product quality are indispensable for producing masonry cement in

accordance with this European Standard.
5.3 Physical and mechanical requirements
5.3.1 Fineness (sieve residue)

The residue on a 90 µm sieve shall be not more than 15 % by mass when determined in accordance

with EN 196-6.
5.3.2 Initial setting time

The initial setting time shall be not less than 60 min when determined in accordance with EN 413-2.

5.3.3 Final setting time

Where the initial setting time is less than 6 h, there is no requirement for final setting time. Where the

initial setting time is 6 h or more, the final setting time shall be not more than 15 h when determined in

accordance with EN 413-2.
5.3.4 Soundness

The expansion shall be not more than 10 mm when determined in accordance with EN 196-3.

5.3.5 Fresh mortar requirements

The properties of air content and water retention of fresh mortar shall be measured in accordance with

EN 413-2, on a mortar of standard consistence that shall have a value of penetration of

(35 ± 3) mm using the plunger apparatus as the reference method. The flow table test is the

alternative method. The test results shall meet the requirements given in Table 2.

---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 413-1:2011
EN 413-1:2011 (E)
Table 2 — Fresh mortar requirements given as characteristic values
Type Air content Water retention
% by volume % by mass
MC 5
≥ 8 and ≤ 22 ≥ 80
MC 12,5
MC 22,5
MC 12,5 X
≤ 6 ≥ 75
MC 22,5 X

The control of the masonry cement manufacturing process ensures that this upper limit is not exceeded.

NOTE An air-entraining agent is incorporated into masonry cements to improve their workability and

durability. An upper limit is set for air content to maintain good bond strength to masonry units. The water

retention limits are specified for all classes of masonry cement to provide a performance suitable for use with

high suction masonry units.
5.3.6 Compressive strength

The compressive strength when determined in accordance with EN 196-1, at the fixed water/masonry

cement ratio of 0,50 shall have the values given in Table 3.
Table 3 — Compressive strength requirements given as characteristic values
Type 7 day (early) strength MPa 28 day (standard) strength MPa
a) a
MC 5 -
≥ 5 ≤ 15
MC 12,5
≥ 7 ≥ 12,5 ≤ 32,5
MC 12,5 X
MC 22,5
≥ 10 ≥ 22,5 ≤ 42,5
MC 22,5 X

A loading rate of (400 ± 40) N/s shall be used when testing specimens of type MC 5.

Should it not be possible to remove the prisms from the moulds after 24 h, it is permitted to remove

them at 48 h. Where the prisms are demoulded at 48 h this shall be recorded.

EN 196-1 gives repeatability and reproducibility values for 28 day strength. On account of their lower

strengths, values of 4 % and 8 % respectively are appropriate for masonry cements conforming to this

European Standard.
5.4 Chemical requirements

The properties of the masonry cement shall conform to the requirements given in Table 4 when

determined by the method indicated in this table.

NOTE The REACH Regulation 1907/2006 sets limits on water-soluble hexavalent chromium determined in

accordance with EN 196-10.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN 413-1:2011
EN 413-1:2011 (E)
Table 4 — Chemical requirements given as characteristic values
Property Reference test Type Value
method
Sulfate content (as EN 196-2 MC 5
≤ 2,5
SO )
MC 12,5
≤ 3,5
MC 12,5 X
MC 22,5
MC 22,5 X
Chloride content EN 196-2 MC 5 No requirement
(as CI)
MC 12,5
≤ 0,10
MC 12,5 X
MC 22,5
MC 22,5 X
5.5 Durability requirements
To ensure durability, the requirements of 5.2 shall be met.

In many applications, particularly in severe environmental conditions, the choice of masonry cement type

from this standard has an influence on the durability of mortar. The choice of masonry cement type for

different applications and exposure classes shall follow the appropriate standards and/or regulations valid

in the place of use of the mortar.
6 Standard designation

Masonry cement conforming to this European Standard shall be identified using the notation in Clause 4,

i.e. the symbol 'MC', followed by the strength class and when relevant, by the letter 'X'.

EXAMPLE Masonry cement EN 413-1 MC 12,5 X.
7 Conformity criteria
7.1 General requirements

Conformity of masonry cement to this European Standard shall be continuously evaluated on the basis of

testing spot samples. The properties, test methods and the minimum testing frequencies for the

autocontrol testing by the manufacturer are specified in Table 5. Concerning testing frequencies for

masonry cement not being despatched continuously and other details, see EN 197-2.

For certification of conformity by an approved certification body, conformity of masonry cement to this

European Standard shall be evaluated in accordance with Annex ZA of this standard.

NOTE This European Standard does not deal with acceptance inspection at delivery.

---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN 413-1:2011
EN 413-1:2011 (E)
7.2 Conformity criteria for physical, mechanical and chemical properties and
evaluation procedure
7.2.1 General

Conformity of masonry cement with physical, mechanical and chemical requirements in EN 413-1 is

assumed if the conformity criteria specified in 7.2.2 and 7.2.3 are met.

Conformity shall be evaluated on the basis of continual sampling using spot samples taken at the point of

release and on the basis of the test results obtained on all autocontrol samples taken during the control

period.
7.2.2 Statistical conformity criteria
7.2.2.1 General
Conformity shall be formulated in terms of a statistical criterion based on:

 the required characteristic values for physical, mechanical and chemical properties as specified in

5.3 and 5.4;

 the percentile P on which the specified characteristic value is based, as specified in Table 6;

 the allowable probability of acceptance CR as specified in Table 6.
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN 413-1:2011
EN 413-1:2011 (E)

Table 5 — Properties, test methods and minimum testing frequencies for the autocontrol

testing by the manufacturer, and the statistical assessment procedure
Property Masonry Test Autocontrol testing
a, b
cements to method
be tested
Minimum testing frequency Statistical assessment
procedure
Routine Initial period Inspection by
situation for a new
d f
Variables Attributes
type of
masonry
cement
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Strength
all except MC 5
EN 196-1 1 every 2 weeks 2/week X
- 7 days
- 28 days all
Initial setting time all EN 413-2 1 every 2 weeks 2/week X
Final setting time as appropriate EN 413-2 X
Soundness all EN 196-3 1/month 1/week X
(expansion)
Sieve residue all EN 196-6 1/month 1/week X
Air content MC 5, MC 12,5 EN 413-2 1/week 4/week X
MC 22,5
Water retention all EN 413-2 1/month 1/week X
Sulfate content all EN 196-2 1 every 2 weeks 2/week X
Chloride content all except MC 5 EN 196-2 1/month 1/week X
Composition all - 1/month 1/week

Where allowed in the relevant part of EN 196, other methods than those indicated may be used provided they give results correlated

and equivalent to those obtained with the reference method (except initial type testing).

The methods used to take and prepare samples shall be in accordance with the requirements of EN 196-7.

Appropriate method chosen by the manufacturer and for which a correlation with the method(s) used for initial type testing can be

established.

If the data are not normally distributed, then the method of assessment may be decided on a case by case basis.

See 5.3.6.

If the number of samples is at least 1 each week during the control period, the assessment may be made by variables.

---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
SIST EN 413-1:2011
EN 413-1:2011 (E)
Table 6 — Required values of P and CR
Air content (upper limit) All other requirements
28 day strength (lower limit)
The percentile P on which the
5 % 10 %
characteristic value is based
Allowable probability of
5 %
acceptance CR

NOTE Conformity evaluation by a procedure based on a finite number of test results can only produce an

approximate value for the proportion of results outside the specified characteristic value in a population. The

larger the sample size (number of test results), the better the approximation. The selected probability of

acceptance CR controls the degree of approximation by the sampling plan.

Conformity with the requirements of this European Standard shall be verified either by variables or by

attributes, as described in 7.2.2.2 and 7.2.2.3 as specified in Table 5.
The control period shall be 24 months.
7.2.2.2 Inspection by variables
For this inspection, the test results are assumed to be normally distributed.
Conformity is verified when Equations (1) and (2), as relevant, are satisfied.
x−k s≥L (1)
and
...

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Zidarski cement - 1. del: Sestava, zahteve in merila skladnostiPutz- und Mauerbinder - Teil 1: Zusammensetzung, Anforderungen und KonformitätskriterienMasonry cement - Part 1: Composition, specifications and conformity criteria91.100.10Cement. Mavec. Apno. MaltaCement. Gypsum. Lime. MortarICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:FprEN 413-1kSIST FprEN 413-1:2010en,de01-december-2010kSIST FprEN 413-1:2010SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
kSIST FprEN 413-1:2010
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
FINAL DRAFT
FprEN 413-1
September 2010 ICS 91.100.10 Will supersede EN 413-1:2004English Version
Masonry cement - Part 1: Composition, specifications and conformity criteria

Putz- und Mauerbinder - Teil 1: Zusammensetzung, Anforderungen und Konformitätskriterien This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for unique acceptance procedure. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 51.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
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B-1000 Brussels © 2010 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. FprEN 413-1:2010: EkSIST FprEN 413-1:2010

FprEN 413-1:2010 (E) 2 Contents page Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 3Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 51Scope...................................................................................................................................................... 62Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 63Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................... 74Notation .................................................................................................................................................. 85Requirements ........................................................................................................................................ 85.1General ................................................................................................................................................... 85.2Constituents and composition ............................................................................................................ 85.3Physical and mechanical requirements.............................................................................................. 95.3.1Fineness (sieve residue) ...................................................................................................................... 95.3.2Initial setting time .................................................................................................................................. 95.3.3Final setting time ................................................................................................................................... 95.3.4Soundness ............................................................................................................................................. 95.3.5Fresh mortar requirements .................................................................................................................. 95.3.6Compressive strength ........................................................................................................................ 105.4Chemical requirements ...................................................................................................................... 105.5Durability requirements ...................................................................................................................... 116Standard designation ......................................................................................................................... 117Conformity criteria .............................................................................................................................. 117.1General requirements ......................................................................................................................... 117.2Conformity criteria for physical, mechanical and chemical properties and evaluation procedure .......................................................................................................................... 127.2.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 127.2.2Statistical conformity criteria ............................................................................................................ 127.2.3Single result conformity criteria ........................................................................................................ 167.3Conformity criteria for masonry cement composition .................................................................... 17Annex A (informative) Water-soluble hexavalent chromium ....................................................................... 18Annex ZA

(informative)

Clauses of this European Standard addressing the provisions of the EU Construction Products Directive .......................................................................................... 19Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 26 kSIST FprEN 413-1:2010

FprEN 413-1:2010 (E) 3 Foreword This document (FprEN 413-1:2010) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 51 "Cement and building limes", the secretariat of which is held by NBN. This document is currently submitted to the Unique Acceptance Procedure. This document will supersede EN 413-1:2004. The European Standard, EN 413, “Masonry cement”, consists of the following parts: Part 1: Composition, specifications and conformity criteria; Part 2: Test methods. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. EN 413-1 has been prepared to provide a range of materials from which users of EN 998-1, EN 998-2 and EN 1996-1-1 (Eurocode 6) can select with confidence to achieve the level of strength and durability required of masonry and rendering. The main changes from EN 413-1:2004 are as follows: - introduction of a class MC 22,5 (air-entrained) cement; - removal of references to EN 459-2 for compressive strength testing; - the upper limit for SO3 content is increased. The requirements of this European Standard are, where appropriate, based on the results from tests on masonry cement in accordance with EN 196 'Methods of testing cement'. Strength is measured on a standard mortar prepared in accordance with EN 196-1 with a fixed water/cement ratio and compacted using the equipment described in EN 196-1. However, some additional tests have been found necessary and these tests are described in EN 413-2. CEN/TC 51 recognises the importance of workability (cohesivity at standard consistence) of mortars prepared from masonry cements. A test method is available in CR 13933, and in which results of a test programme are also given. This test method was not found valid for standard requirement purposes due to its lack of reproducibility, however it provides valuable information for the manufacturers and users on the property in use of masonry cements. kSIST FprEN 413-1:2010

FprEN 413-1:2010 (E) 4 The properties of bond and durability (resistance to frost and/or chemical attack) of mortars are very important and appropriate mortar tests are being developed by CEN/TC 125, Masonry. In many applications, particularly in severe environmental conditions, the choice of the type/class of masonry cement from EN 413-1 can influence the durability of mortar, e.g. in respect of frost and chemical resistance. kSIST FprEN 413-1:2010

FprEN 413-1:2010 (E) 5 Introduction

Masonry cement should be defined and specified precisely with sufficiently stringent requirements to satisfy those who are responsible for the design and construction of buildings and other structures for maximum safety and durability. This European Standard is a carefully balanced document that has been thoroughly discussed, taking into account the need to provide clear definitions and specifications and to arrive at a usable standard. kSIST FprEN 413-1:2010

FprEN 413-1:2010 (E) 6 1 Scope This European Standard specifies the definition and composition of masonry cements as commonly used in Europe for the production of mortar for bricklaying and blocklaying and for rendering and plastering. It includes physical, mechanical and chemical requirements and defines strength classes. EN 413-1 also states the conformity criteria and the related rules. Necessary durability requirements are also given. NOTE For normal applications the information given in EN 413-1, in EN 998-1 and in EN 998-2 is generally sufficient. However, in special cases, an exchange of additional information between the masonry cement producer and user can be helpful. The details of such an exchange are not within the scope of EN 413-1 but should be dealt with in accordance with national standards or other regulations or can be agreed between the parties concerned. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 196-1, Methods of testing cement — Part 1: Determination of strength EN 196-2, Methods of testing cement — Part 2: Chemical analysis of cement EN 196-3, Methods of testing cement — Part 3: Determination of setting time and soundness EN 196-6, Methods of testing cement — Part 6: Determination of fineness EN 196-7, Methods of testing cement — Part 7: Methods of taking and preparing samples of cement EN 197-1, Cement — Part 1: Composition, specifications and conformity criteria for common cements EN 413-2, Masonry cement — Part 2: Test methods EN 459-1, Building lime - Part 1: Definitions, specifications and conformity criteria EN 12878, Pigments for the colouring of building materials based on cement and/or lime - Specifications and methods of test kSIST FprEN 413-1:2010

FprEN 413-1:2010 (E) 7 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 masonry cement factory made finely powdered hydraulic binder which relies essentially upon the presence of Portland cement clinker to develop strength. When mixed with sand and water only and without the addition of further materials it produces a workable mortar suitable for use in rendering, plastering and masonry work 3.2 additives constituents which are added to improve the manufacture or the properties of the masonry cement, e.g. grinding aids, air-entraining agents 3.3 autocontrol testing continual testing by the manufacturer, of masonry cement spot samples taken at the point(s) of release from the factory/depot 3.4 control period period of production and despatch identified for the evaluation of the autocontrol test results 3.5 characteristic value value of a required property outside of which lies a specified percentage, the percentile Pk, of all the values of the population 3.6 specified characteristic value characteristic value of a mechanical, physical or chemical property which in the case of an upper limit is not to be exceeded or, in the case of a lower limit is, as a minimum, to be reached 3.7 single result limit value value of a mechanical, physical or chemical property which, for any single test result as in the case of an upper limit is not to be exceeded or, in the case of a lower limit is, as a minimum, to be reached 3.8 allowable probability of acceptance CR for a given sampling plan, the allowed probability of acceptance of masonry cement with a characteristic value outside the specified characteristic value 3.9 sampling plan specific plan which states the (statistical) sample size(s) to be used, the percentile Pk and the allowable probability of acceptance CR 3.10 spot sample sample taken at the same time and from one and the same place, relating to the intended tests. It can be obtained by combining one or more immediately consecutive increments (see EN 196-7)

kSIST FprEN 413-1:2010

FprEN 413-1:2010 (E) 8 4 Notation Masonry cement is designated by the term 'MC'. There are three strength classes of masonry cement, 5, 12,5 and 22,5. The term 'X' designates masonry cements in which an air entraining agent is not incorporated. 5 Requirements 5.1 General The physical, mechanical and chemical properties of masonry cements shall be measured by the test methods described in EN 413-2 and in the relevant parts of EN 196. These European Standards give alternative test methods for some properties but in the event of a dispute only the reference methods shall be used. Where allowed in the relevant part of EN 196, different methods may be used provided they give correlated and equivalent values to those obtained using the reference method. The CEN Standard sand (see EN 196-1) used to make the mortars for the tests required by 5.3.5 and 5.3.6 shall have a silica content (as quartz) of not less than 93 %. NOTE EN 196-1 permits the use of CEN Standard sands that have been assessed against the CEN Reference sand in respect of their strength characteristics. According to this standard the CEN Standard sand is used in mortar for tests other than that for strength. These tests have only been evaluated using CEN Standard sand based essentially on silica. All requirements are specified as characteristic values. They serve to define the performance level and classification of the masonry cements. 5.2 Constituents and composition Masonry cement shall comprise Portland cement clinker, inorganic constituents and where appropriate additive(s) as given in Table 1. Calcium sulfate is added in small quantities to the other constituents of masonry cement during its manufacture to control setting. The inorganic constituents of masonry cements conforming to EN 413-1 shall be materials selected from:  natural mineral materials;  mineral materials used for or derived from the clinker production process;  hydrated and/or hydraulic building limes conforming to EN 459-1;  constituents specified in EN 197-1;  inorganic pigments (except those containing carbon black) conforming to EN 12878. NOTE Carbon black has a detrimental effect upon the air entrainment. Additives shall not promote corrosion of embedded metal such as reinforcement and wall ties or impair the properties, including behaviour in fire, of the mortar made from the masonry cement. Organic pigments are not permitted. kSIST FprEN 413-1:2010

FprEN 413-1:2010 (E) 9 Table 1 — Composition of masonry cements Type Content

% by mass Portland cement clinkerAdditives MC 5 ≥ 25 ≤ 1 a MC 12,5 MC 12,5 X ≥ 40 MC 22,5 MC 22,5 X a The quantity of organic additives on a dry basis shall not exceed 0,5 % by mass of the masonry cement.

The manufacturing process and its control shall ensure that the composition of masonry cement is kept within the limits fixed in EN 413-1. Masonry cements consist ultimately of individual small grains of different materials and are statistically homogeneous in composition resulting from quality assured production and material handling processes. A high degree of uniformity in all masonry cement properties shall be obtained through mass production processes, in particular, adequate grinding and homogenization. Qualified and skilled personnel and the facilities to test, evaluate and adjust product quality are indispensable for producing masonry cement in accordance with this European Standard. 5.3 Physical and mechanical requirements 5.3.1 Fineness (sieve residue) The residue on a 90 µm sieve shall be not more than 15 % by mass when determined in accordance with EN 196-6. 5.3.2 Initial setting time The initial setting time shall be not less than 60 min when determined in accordance with EN 413-2. 5.3.3 Final setting time Where the initial setting time is less than 6 h, there is no requirement for final setting time. Where the initial setting time is 6 h or more, the final setting time shall be not more than 15 h when determined in accordance with EN 413-2. 5.3.4 Soundness The expansion shall be not more than 10 mm when determined in accordance with EN 196-3. 5.3.5 Fresh mortar requirements The properties of air content and water retention of fresh mortar shall be measured in accordance with EN 413-2, on a mortar of standard consistence that shall have a value of penetration of

(35 ± 3) mm using the plunger apparatus as the reference method. The flow table test is the alternative method. The test results shall meet the requirements given in Table 2. kSIST FprEN 413-1:2010

FprEN 413-1:2010 (E) 10 Table 2 — Fresh mortar requirements given as characteristic values Type Air content % by volume Water retention % by mass MC 5 ≥ 8 and ≤ 22 ≥ 80 MC 12,5 MC 22,5 MC 12,5 X ≤ 6 a ≥ 75 MC 22,5 X a The control of the masonry cement manufacturing process ensures that this upper limit is not exceeded.

NOTE An air-entraining agent is incorporated into masonry cements to improve their workability and durability. An upper limit is set for air content to maintain good bond strength to masonry units. The water retention limits are specified for all classes of masonry cement to provide a performance suitable for use with high suction masonry units. 5.3.6 Compressive strength The compressive strength when determined in accordance with EN 196-1, at the fixed water/masonry cement ratio of 0,50 shall have the values given in Table 3. Table 3 — Compressive strength requirements given as characteristic values Type 7 day (early) strength MPa28day (standard) strength MPaMC 5 - ≥ 5 a) ≤ 15 a MC 12,5 ≥ 7 ≥ 12,5 ≤ 32,5 MC 12,5 X MC 22,5

≥ 10 ≥ 22,5 ≤ 42,5 MC 22,5 X a A loading rate of (400 ± 40) N/s shall be used when testing specimens of type MC 5.

Should it not be possible to remove the prisms from the moulds after 24 h, it is permitted to remove them at 48 h. Where the prisms are demoulded at 48 h this shall be recorded. EN 196-1 gives repeatability and reproducibility values for 28 day strength. On account of their lower strengths, values of 4 % and 8 % respectively are appropriate for masonry cements conforming to this European Standard. 5.4 Chemical requirements The properties of the masonry cement shall conform to the requirements given in Table 4 when determined by the method indicated in this table.

NOTE The REACH Directive 1907/2006 sets limits on water-soluble hexavalent chromium determined in accordance with EN 196-10. kSIST FprEN 413-1:2010

FprEN 413-1:2010 (E) 11 Table 4 — Chemical requirements given as characteristic values Property Reference testTypeValue

method
Sulfate content (as SO3) EN 196-2 MC 5 ≤ 2,5 MC 12,5 ≤ 3,5 MC 12,5 X
MC 22,5
MC 22,5 X
Chloride content
(as CI) EN 196-2 MC 5 No requirement MC 12,5 ≤ 0,10 MC 12,5 X
MC 22,5
MC 22,5 X

5.5 Durability requirements To ensure durability, the requirements of 5.2 shall be met. In many applications, particularly in severe environmental conditions, the choice of masonry cement type from this standard has an influence on the durability of mortar. The choice of masonry cement type for different applications and exposure classes shall follow the appropriate standards and/or regulations valid in the place of use of the mortar. 6 Standard designation Masonry cement conforming to this European Standard shall be identified using the notation in Clause 4, i.e. the symbol 'MC', followed by the strength class and when relevant, by the letter 'X'. EXAMPLE Masonry cement EN 413-1 MC 12,5 X. 7 C

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