Personal fall protection equipment - Anchor devices

This European Standard specifies requirements for performance and associated test methods for single-user anchor devices which are intended to be removable from the structure. These anchor devices incorporate stationary or travelling (mobile) anchor points designed for the attachment of components of a personal fall protection system in accordance with EN 363.
This European Standard also gives requirements for marking and instructions for use, and guidance on installation.
This European Standard is not applicable to:
-   anchor devices intended to allow more than one user to be attached at any one time;
-   anchor devices used in any sports or recreational activity;
-   equipment designed to conform to EN 516 or EN 517;
-   elements or parts of structures which were installed for use other than as anchor points or anchor devices, e.g. beams, girders;
-   structural anchors (see 3.3).

Persönliche Absturzschutzausrüstung - Anschlageinrichtungen

Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen an die Leistungsmerkmale und zugehörige Prüfverfahren für Anschlageinrichtungen zur Verwendung durch eine einzelne Person fest, die dafür vorgesehen sind, von der baulichen Einrichtung abnehmbar zu sein. Diese Anschlageinrichtungen umfassen ortsfeste oder bewegliche Anschlagpunkte, die zur Befestigung von Bestandteilen eines persönlichen Absturzschutzsystems nach EN 363 konstruiert sind.
Diese Europäische Norm legt außerdem Anforderungen an die Kennzeichnung und Gebrauchsanleitung fest und gibt Hinweise zur Montage.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für:
-   Anschlageinrichtungen, die so ausgelegt sind, dass sie gleichzeitige durch mehrere Personen verwendet werden können;
-   Anschlageinrichtungen, die bei Sport- oder Freizeitaktivitäten verwendet werden;
-   Anschlageinrichtungen, die so ausgelegt sind, dass sie EN 516 oder EN 517 entsprechen;
-   Einzelteile oder Bestandteile von baulichen Einrichtungen, die nicht als Anschlagpunkte oder Anschlageinrichtungen, sondern für einen anderen Verwendungszweck (z. B. als Balken, Träger) eingebaut wurden;
-   baulich verankerte Befestigungsmittel (siehe 3.3).

Équipement de protection individuelle contre les chutes - Dispositifs d'ancrage

La présente Norme européenne définit des exigences de performances et des méthodes d'essai associées pour les dispositifs d'ancrage à un seul utilisateur qui sont destinés à pouvoir être retirés de la structure. Ces dispositifs d'ancrage comprennent des points d'ancrage fixes ou mobiles, destinés à la connexion de composants d'un système de protection individuelle contre les chutes conformément à l'EN 363.
La présente Norme européenne définit également des exigences pour le marquage et le mode d'emploi et donne des recommandations relatives à l'installation.
La présente Norme européenne n'est pas applicable :
-   aux dispositifs d'ancrage destinés à permettre à plusieurs utilisateurs d'être attachés en même temps ;
-   aux dispositifs d'ancrage utilisés dans les activités sportives ou récréatives ;
-   aux équipements conçus pour être conformes à l'EN 516 ou à l'EN 517 ;
-   aux éléments ou aux parties de structures qui ont été installés dans le but d'être utilisés à des fins autres que celles de points d'ancrage ou de dispositifs d'ancrage, par exemple des poutres, des longerons ;
aux ancres structurelles (voir 3.3).

Osebna varovalna oprema za zaščito pred padci z višine - Sidrišča

Ta evropski standard določa zahteve za lastnosti in povezane preskusne metode za sidrišča za enega in več uporabnikov, ki jih je mogoče odstraniti iz konstrukcije.
Ta sidrišča vključujejo eno ali več stacionarnih ali premičnih sidrnih točk, namenjenih pritrditvi sestavnih delov, ki so del sistema za osebno zaščito pred padci z višine v skladu s standardom EN 363. Ta evropski standard določa tudi zahteve za označevanje ter navodila za uporabo in namestitev.  Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja za:
– sidrišča, ki se uporabljajo pri katerem koli športu ali rekreativni dejavnosti;
– opremo, ki je zasnovana v skladu s standardom EN 516 ali EN 517;
– elemente ali dele konstrukcij, ki niso bili nameščeni za uporabo kot sidrne točke ali sidrišča, npr. tramove, nosilce;
– konstrukcijska sidra.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
24-Jul-2012
Current Stage
9092 - Decision on results of review/2YR ENQ - revise - Review Enquiry
Due Date
04-Mar-2018
Completion Date
10-Oct-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 795:2012
01-september-2012
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 795:1996
SIST EN 795:1996/A1:2001
2VHEQDYDURYDOQDRSUHPD]D]DãþLWRSUHGSDGFL]YLãLQH6LGULãþD
Personal fall protection equipment - Anchor devices
Persönliche Absturzschutzausrüstung - Anschlageinrichtungen
Équipement de protection individuelle contre les chutes - Dispositifs d'ancrage
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 795:2012
ICS:
13.340.60 =DãþLWDSUHGSDGFLLQ]GUVL Protection against falling and
slipping
SIST EN 795:2012 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 795:2012
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SIST EN 795:2012
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 795
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
July 2012
ICS 13.340.60 Supersedes EN 795:1996
English Version
Personal fall protection equipment - Anchor devices

Équipement de protection individuelle contre les chutes - Persönliche Absturzschutzausrüstung -

Dispositifs d'ancrage Anschlageinrichtungen
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 9 June 2012.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2012 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 795:2012: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 795:2012
EN 795:2012 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................... 7

4 Requirements ...................................................................................................................................... 14

4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 14

4.2 Materials............................................................................................................................................... 14

4.2.1 Metal parts ........................................................................................................................................... 14

4.2.2 Rope and webbing .............................................................................................................................. 14

4.2.3 Connectors .......................................................................................................................................... 15

4.3 Design and ergonomics ..................................................................................................................... 15

4.4 Specific requirements ........................................................................................................................ 15

4.4.1 Type A anchor devices ....................................................................................................................... 15

4.4.2 Type B anchor devices ....................................................................................................................... 15

4.4.3 Type C anchor devices ....................................................................................................................... 15

4.4.4 Type D anchor devices ....................................................................................................................... 16

4.4.5 Type E anchor devices ....................................................................................................................... 16

4.5 Marking and information .................................................................................................................... 17

5 Test methods ....................................................................................................................................... 17

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 17

5.2 Test arrangement and apparatus ...................................................................................................... 18

5.2.1 Test lanyard and determination of free fall distance ...................................................................... 18

5.2.2 Dynamic strength and integrity test apparatus for types A, B, C and D anchor devices ........... 19

5.2.3 Static strength test apparatus ........................................................................................................... 19

5.2.4 Dynamic performance test apparatus for type E anchor devices ................................................. 19

5.3 Type A anchor devices ....................................................................................................................... 20

5.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 20

5.3.2 Deformation ......................................................................................................................................... 20

5.3.3 Dynamic strength and integrity ......................................................................................................... 20

5.3.4 Static strength ..................................................................................................................................... 21

5.4 Type B anchor devices ....................................................................................................................... 21

5.4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 21

5.4.2 Deformation ......................................................................................................................................... 21

5.4.3 Dynamic strength and integrity ......................................................................................................... 21

5.4.4 Static strength ..................................................................................................................................... 24

5.5 Type C anchor devices ....................................................................................................................... 26

5.5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 26

5.5.2 Deformation ......................................................................................................................................... 27

5.5.3 Dynamic strength and integrity ......................................................................................................... 27

5.5.4 Static strength ..................................................................................................................................... 31

5.6 Type D anchor devices ....................................................................................................................... 31

5.6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 31

5.6.2 Deformation ......................................................................................................................................... 31

5.6.3 Dynamic strength and integrity ......................................................................................................... 31

5.6.4 Static strength ..................................................................................................................................... 33

5.7 Type E anchor devices ....................................................................................................................... 33

5.7.1 Deformation ......................................................................................................................................... 33

5.7.2 Dynamic performance ........................................................................................................................ 33

5.7.3 Post arrest suspension ...................................................................................................................... 34

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SIST EN 795:2012
EN 795:2012 (E)

5.7.4 Static strength ..................................................................................................................................... 34

5.8 Corrosion resistance ........................................................................................................................... 34

6 Marking ................................................................................................................................................. 35

7 Information supplied by the manufacturer ....................................................................................... 35

Annex A (informative) Information on installation documentation and periodic examination ................. 37

A.1 Information on installation to be supplied by the manufacturer .................................................... 37

A.2 Guidance on documentation to be supplied after an installation .................................................. 37

A.3 Guidance on periodic examination procedure ................................................................................. 40

Annex B (informative) Significant technical changes between this European Standard and the

previous edition EN 795:1996 and EN 795:1996/A1:2001 ................................................................ 41

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 89/686/EEC ...................................................................................... 43

Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 44

Figures

Figure 1 — Examples of anchor systems that include an anchor device ............................................................... 8

Figure 2 — Examples of anchor systems that are not covered by this European Standard .................................. 9

Figure 3 — Example of a type A anchor device with a structural anchor ............................................................. 11

Figure 4 — Example of a type A anchor device with a fixing element .................................................................. 11

Figure 5 — Examples of type B anchor devices ................................................................................................... 12

Figure 6 — Example of a type C anchor device .................................................................................................... 13

Figure 7 — Example of a type D anchor device .................................................................................................... 13

Figure 8 — Example of a type E anchor device .................................................................................................... 13

Figure 9 — Bowline knot ....................................................................................................................................... 18

Figure 10 — Test lanyard for dynamic strength and integrity tests and dynamic performance tests ................... 19

Figure 11 — Example of a dynamic performance test apparatus for type E anchor devices ............................... 20

Figure 12 — Dynamic test for type B anchor devices with legs (e.g. a tripod) and an anchor point(s) not on a leg

........................................................................................................................................................................ 23

Figure 13 — Dynamic test for type B anchor devices with legs (e.g. a tripod) and an anchor point on a leg ...... 24

Figure 14 — Static strength test for type B anchor device with legs (e.g. a tripod) and a central anchor point ... 25

Figure 15 — Static strength test for type B anchor device with legs (e.g. a tripod) and an anchor point on a leg26

Figure 16 — Example of a single-span type C anchor device test arrangement .................................................. 28

Figure 17 — Example of a multi-span type C anchor device test arrangement without a corner ......................... 30

Figure 18 — Example of a multi-span type C anchor device test arrangement with a corner .............................. 30

Figure 19 — Example of a type D anchor device test arrangement including a cantilever................................... 32

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SIST EN 795:2012
EN 795:2012 (E)

Figure 20 — Example of a type D anchor device test arrangement including a rigid anchor line joint or junction

and a corner anchor ....................................................................................................................................... 33

Figure A.1 — Example of an installation plan ....................................................................................................... 39

Figure A.2 — Example of periodic examination procedure .................................................................................. 40

Tables

Table B.1 — Significant technical changes .......................................................................................................... 41

Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and Directive 89/686/EEC ............................ 43

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SIST EN 795:2012
EN 795:2012 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN 795:2012) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 160 “Protection against

falls from height including working belts”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text

or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2013, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the

latest by January 2013.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 795:1996.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 89/686/EEC.

For relationship with EU Directive 89/686/EEC, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

For details of the significant changes made since EN 795:1996 please refer to Annex B.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

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SIST EN 795:2012
EN 795:2012 (E)
Introduction

A reliable anchor device is an essential component of any personal fall protection system.

This European Standard is intended to act as a complementary standard for existing European Standards

covering other components used in personal fall protection systems.

The scope and the requirements are based on the philosophy that anchor devices are rated to sustain the

maximum dynamic force generated in a fall from a height by the mass of one person, including any equipment

carried. The static strength tests are based on a minimum factor of safety of two. To allow for foreseeable

misuse of equipment, this European Standard provides requirements and test methods for anchor devices used

in personal fall protection systems in accordance with EN 363, even if their intended use is for restraint.

Requirements and test methods for multi-user anchor devices, i.e. anchor devices that allow more than one

user to be attached at any one time, are not addressed in this document but advice is provided in a separate

CEN Technical Specification.

This European Standard is intended for the type testing of new products before placing them on the market and

gives only minimum performance requirements. It is essential that anchor devices are designed and

manufactured so that, in the foreseeable conditions of use for which they are intended, the user is able to

perform the risk-related activity while being appropriately protected at the highest possible level. Manufacturers

may wish to bear these points in mind when deciding on the actual performance of their products.

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SIST EN 795:2012
EN 795:2012 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies requirements for performance and associated test methods for single-user

anchor devices which are intended to be removable from the structure. These anchor devices incorporate

stationary or travelling (mobile) anchor points designed for the attachment of components of a personal fall

protection system in accordance with EN 363.

This European Standard also gives requirements for marking and instructions for use, and guidance on

installation.
This European Standard is not applicable to:

 anchor devices intended to allow more than one user to be attached at any one time;

 anchor devices used in any sports or recreational activity;
 equipment designed to conform to EN 516 or EN 517;

 elements or parts of structures which were installed for use other than as anchor points or anchor devices,

e.g. beams, girders;
 structural anchors (see 3.3).
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable

for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition

of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 360, Personal protective equipment against falls from a height — Retractable type fall arresters

EN 362, Personal protective equipment against falls from a height — Connectors
EN 363, Personal fall protection equipment — Personal fall protection systems

EN 364:1992, Personal protective equipment against falls from a height — Test methods

EN 365, Personal protective equipment against falls from a height — General requirements for instructions for

use, maintenance, periodic examination, repair, marking and packaging

EN 892, Mountaineering equipment — Dynamic mountaineering ropes — Safety requirements and test methods

EN ISO 9227, Corrosion tests in artificial atmospheres — Salt spray tests (ISO 9227)

ISO 2232, Round drawn wire for general purpose non-alloy steel wire ropes and for large diameter steel wire

ropes — Specifications
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
anchor system

system intended for use as part of a personal fall protection system that incorporates an anchor point or points

and/or an anchor device and/or an element and/or a fixing element and/or a structural anchor (see Figure 1)

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SIST EN 795:2012
EN 795:2012 (E)

Note 1 to entry: Anchor systems that are not intended to be removed from the structure are not covered by this

European Standard. See Figure 2.
Figure 1a
Figure 1b
Figure 1c
Figure 1d
Key
1 anchor point 4 anchor device
2 structure (not part 5 structural anchor (not
of the anchor part of the anchor
device) device)
3 fixing element 6 element
Figure 1e
7 permanent fixation
(e.g. resin bonding)
Figure 1 — Examples of anchor systems that include an anchor device
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SIST EN 795:2012
EN 795:2012 (E)
Figure 2a Figure 2b Figure 2c Figure 2d
Key
1 anchor point
2 structure
3 permanent fixation (e.g. studded, screwed, riveted, welded, resin bonded)
4 structural anchor
5 concrete, insulation or other covering

Figure 2 — Examples of anchor systems that are not covered by this European Standard

3.2
anchor device

assembly of elements which incorporates one or more anchor points or mobile anchor points that can include a

fixing element, is intended for use as part of a personal fall protection system, is intended to be removable from

the structure and to be part of the anchor system
3.2.1
type A anchor device

anchor device with one or more stationary anchor points, while in use, and with the need for a structural

anchor(s) or fixing element(s) to fix to the structure (see Figures 3 and 4)

Note 1 to entry: Anchor points may rotate or swivel when in use, where they are designed to do so.

3.2.2
type B anchor device

anchor device with one or more stationary anchor points without the need for a structural anchor(s) or fixing

element(s) to fix it to the structure (see Figure 5)
3.2.3
type C anchor device

anchor device employing a flexible anchor line which deviates from the horizontal by not more than 15° (when

measured between the extremity and intermediate anchors at any point along its length) (see Figure 6)

3.2.4
type D anchor device

anchor device employing a rigid anchor line which deviates from the horizontal by not more than 15° (when

measured between the extremity and intermediate anchors at any point along its length) (see Figure 7)

3.2.5
type E anchor device

anchor device for use on surfaces up to 5° from the horizontal where the performance relies solely on mass and

friction between itself and the surface (see Figure 8)
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SIST EN 795:2012
EN 795:2012 (E)
3.3
structural anchor

element or elements which are designed for use in conjunction with a personal fall protection system and to be

permanently incorporated into a structure
Note 1 to entry: A structural anchor is not part of the anchor device.

Note 2 to entry: An example of a structural anchor is where an element is welded or bonded by resin to the structure.

3.4
fixing element

element or elements used to connect/fix the anchor device to the structure and which is/are removable from the

structure
3.5
element
part of an anchor system or anchor device
3.6
anchor point

point on an anchor system where personal fall protection equipment is intended to be attached

3.7
extremity anchor

element which connects the extremity of a flexible anchor line or rigid anchor line onto the structure

3.8
intermediate anchor

element located between the extremity anchors, which connects a flexible anchor line or a rigid anchor line onto

the structure

Note 1 to entry: Intermediate supports, e.g. a flexible anchor line guide, which are not intended to withstand the load, are

not intermediate anchors.
3.9
mobile anchor point
element with an anchor point which is intended to travel along an anchor line
3.10
flexible anchor line

flexible line between extremity anchors to which personal fall protection equipment can be attached either

directly by a connector or through a mobile anchor point

Note 1 to entry: A flexible anchor line can be cable (wire rope), fibre rope, or webbing.

3.11
rigid anchor line

rigid line between extremity anchors to which personal fall protection equipment can be attached either directly

by a connector or through a mobile anchor point

Note 1 to entry: A rigid anchor line can be a rigid profile e.g. a rigid tube or rigid rail.

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SIST EN 795:2012
EN 795:2012 (E)
Key
1 anchor point 5 permanent fixation
2 structure
3 structural anchor
4 anchor device
Figure 3 — Example of a type A anchor device with a structural anchor
Key
1 anchor point 4 anchor device
2 structure 5 element
3 fixing element
Figure 4 — Example of a type A anchor device with a fixing element
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SIST EN 795:2012
EN 795:2012 (E)
Figure 5b – Sling
Figure 5a – Tripod
Figure 5c – Door anchor Figure 5d – Beam anchor
Key
1 anchor point
2 anchor device
3 structure
Figure 5 — Examples of type B anchor devices
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SIST EN 795:2012
EN 795:2012 (E)
Key
1 extremity anchor
2 intermediate anchor
3 mobile anchor point
4 flexible anchor line
Figure 6 — Example of a type C anchor device
Key
1 extremity or intermediate anchor
2 mobile anchor point
3 rigid anchor line joiner
4 rigid anchor line
Figure 7 — Example of a type D anchor device
Key
1 anchor point
2 mass
3 structure
Figure 8 — Example of a type E anchor device
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SIST EN 795:2012
EN 795:2012 (E)
4 Requirements
4.1 General

4.1.1 When checked in accordance with 5.1.7, anchor devices shall be designed in such a way that they

can be removed from the structure, without damaging the structure or the anchor device, thus allowing its reuse

e.g. for periodic examination.

4.1.2 When checked in accordance with 5.1.7, U-bolt clamps shall not be used to form terminations in

any part of an anchor device.

4.1.3 When checked in accordance with 5.1.7, it shall not be possible for elements with an anchor point

to become detached unintentionally. If the element or mobile anchor point can be removed, it shall be designed

such that it can only be detached after executing two separate, consecutive and deliberate manual actions.

4.1.4 When checked in accordance with 5.1.7, anchor devices shall be of such a design and size to allow

connectors to rotate freely and sit in the anchor point in the preferred load-bearing position.

4.1.5 When checked in accordance with 5.1.7, for anchor devices comprising more than one element and

for anchor devices with elements that can be adjusted, the design shall be such that those elements cannot

appear to be positively locked together when incorrectly assembled or adjusted.

4.1.6 When checked in accordance with 5.1.7, the mass of any element of an anchor device that is

intended to be transported by a single person shall not exceed 25 kg.

4.1.7 If the anchor device is equipped with a fall indicator, the indicator shall clearly indicate a fall has

occurred after the dynamic strength and integrity test(s).

4.1.8 When an anchor device consists of a combination of several types, it shall be tested for each

relevant type and for the combination, e.g. a combination of type C and type E anchor devices.

4.1.9 Where the information provided by the manufacturer permits loading in more than one direction

(e.g. in tension and in shear) (see 7 c)), anchor devices shall be tested in each safety critical direction.

4.2 Materials
4.2.1 Metal parts

4.2.1.1 After testing in accordance with 5.8, there shall be no corrosion of the base material. The presence

of tarnishing and white scaling is acceptable. Metal parts of anchor devices shall show no evidence of corrosion

that would affect their functional operation, e.g. the correct operation of moving elements.

NOTE Conformity to this requirement does not imply suitability for use in a marine environment.

4.2.1.2 If steel wire ropes are galvanised, the galvanisation shall be in accordance with ISO 2232.

4.2.2 Rope and webbing
4.2.2.1 Fibre ropes, web
...

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