Energy Performance of Buildings - Basic Principles for the set of EPB standards

This Technical Specification describes the basic principles to be followed in the development of standards intended to support the assessment of the energy performance of buildings using a holistic approach. The main goal is to obtain a set of EPB-standards that are a systematic, clear and comprehensive package for the benefit of professionals and government entities.
This Technical Specification gives general, qualitative guidance on the required quality, accuracy, usability and consistency of EPB-standards in order to provide a balance between:
-   the accuracy and level of detail, and
-   the simplicity and availability of input data.
Hidden complexities are also taken into account, such as the impact of differences in the overall legal frameworks on the national choices and national input data.
The basic principles are the basis for detailed technical rules and for a common overarching structure for the set of EPB-standards.
The basic principles for EPB-standards cover the following aspects:
-   the standardization process, including collaborations and consultations;
-   the application range of the standards;
-   common general organisation of each standard and the national implementation;
-   the overarching structure for the energy performance assessment;
-   common model(s) and editorial rules for each standard;
-   common quality aspects for each standard.

Energieeffizienz von Gebäuden - Grundlagen für das EPB-Normenpaket

Diese Technische Spezifikation beschreibt die Grundsätze, die bei der Entwicklung von Normen für die Bewertung der Gesamtenergieeffizienz von Gebäuden nach einem ganzheitlichen Ansatz zu befolgen sind. Das Hauptziel ist, eine Reihe von Normen zur Gesamtenergieeffizienz von Gebäuden in Form eines syste-matischen, klaren und umfassenden Pakets zu erhalten, das Fachleuten und Regierungsstellen von Nutzen ist.
Die vorliegende Technische Spezifikation enthält allgemeine qualitative Aussagen zur geforderten Qualität, Genauigkeit, Anwendbarkeit und Folgerichtigkeit von Normen zur Gesamtenergieeffizienz von Gebäuden mit dem Ziel, einen Ausgleich zu erreichen zwischen
   der Genauigkeit und dem Grad der Detailliertheit und
   der Einfachheit und Verfügbarkeit von Eingabedaten.
Auch versteckte Komplikationen wie z. B. die Auswirkungen von Unterschieden zwischen den allgemeinen Rechtsstrukturen auf die nationalen Wahlmöglichkeiten und nationalen Eingabedaten werden berücksichtigt.
Die Grundsätze sind der Ausgangspunkt für ausführliche technische Regeln und für eine allgemeine Struktur der Rahmennorm für die Normenreihe zur Gesamtenergieeffizienz von Gebäuden.
Die Grundsätze für Normen zur Gesamtenergieeffizienz von Gebäuden decken die folgenden Aspekte ab:
-   den Normungsprozess einschließlich Zusammenarbeit und Beratung;
-   den Anwendungsbereich der Normen;
-   die allen diesen Normen gemeinsame allgemeine Gliederung und ihre nationale Umsetzung;
-   die Rahmenstruktur für die energetische Bewertung;
-   das (die) gemeinsame(n) Modell(e) und Redaktionsregeln für alle diese Normen;
-   gemeinsame Qualitätsaspekte für jede Norm.

Performance énergétique des bâtiments - Principes fondamentaux pour la série de normes sur la performance énergétique des bâtiments

Energijske lastnosti stavb - Osnovna načela za skupino standardov EPBD

Ta tehnična specifikacija opisuje osnovna načela, ki jih je treba upoštevati pri pripravi standardov, namenjenih podpori ocenjevanja energijskih lastnosti stavb s holističnim pristopom. Glavni cilj je zagotoviti sistematsko, jasno in izčrpno skupino standardov EPB, v korist profesionalcev in vladnih organov. Ta tehnična specifikacija podaja splošna, kvalitativna navodila v zvezi z zahtevano kakovostjo, točnostjo, uporabnostjo in skladnostjo standardov EPB, da bi se zagotovilo ravnovesje med: – točnostjo in podrobnostjo ter – enostavnostjo in razpoložljivostjo vhodnih podatkov. Upoštevajo se tudi skrite kompleksnosti, kot so vpliv razlik v splošnih pravnih okvirih na nacionalne izbire in nacionalne vhodne podatke. Osnovna načela so podlaga za podrobna tehnična pravila in za skupno glavno strukturo za skupino standardov EPB. Osnovna pravila za standarde EPB zajemajo naslednje vidike: – proces standardizacije, vključno s sodelovanjem in posvetovanji; – obseg uporabe standardov; – skupno splošno organizacijo vsakega standarda in nacionalno izvajanje; – glavno strukturo za oceno energetske učinkovitosti; – skupni(-e) model(-e) in uredniška pravila za vsak standard; – splošne vidike glede kakovosti za vsak standard.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
29-Jul-2014
Current Stage
9092 - Decision on results of review/2YR ENQ - revise - Review Enquiry
Due Date
02-Sep-2020
Completion Date
21-Sep-2020

Buy Standard

Technical specification
-TS CEN/TS 16628:2014
English language
38 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day
Technical specification
-TS FprCEN/TS 16628:2014 - BARVE na PDF-strani 11,12,21,22
English language
38 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16628:2014
01-oktober-2014
(QHUJLMVNHODVWQRVWLVWDYE2VQRYQDQDþHOD]DVNXSLQRVWDQGDUGRY(3%'
Energy Performance of Buildings - Basic Principles for the set of EPBD standards
Energieeffizienz von Gebäuden - Grundlagen für das EPBD-Normenpaket
Performance énergétique des bâtiments - Principes de base pour l’ensemble des
normes PEB
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN/TS 16628:2014
ICS:
27.015 (QHUJLMVNDXþLQNRYLWRVW Energy efficiency. Energy
2KUDQMDQMHHQHUJLMHQD conservation in general
VSORãQR
91.120.10 Toplotna izolacija stavb Thermal insulation of
buildings
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16628:2014 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16628:2014
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16628:2014
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
CEN/TS 16628
SPÉCIFICATION TECHNIQUE
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION
July 2014
ICS 91.140.99
English Version
Energy Performance of Buildings - Basic Principles for the set of
EPB standards

Performance énergétique des bâtiments - Principes Energieeffizienz von Gebäuden - Grundlagen für das EPB-

fondamentaux pour la série de normes sur la performance Normenpaket
énergétique des bâtiments

This Technical Specification (CEN/TS) was approved by CEN on 10 May 2014 for provisional application.

The period of validity of this CEN/TS is limited initially to three years. After two years the members of CEN will be requested to submit their

comments, particularly on the question whether the CEN/TS can be converted into a European Standard.

CEN members are required to announce the existence of this CEN/TS in the same way as for an EN and to make the CEN/TS available

promptly at national level in an appropriate form. It is permissible to keep conflicting national standards in force (in parallel to the CEN/TS)

until the final decision about the possible conversion of the CEN/TS into an EN is reached.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN/TS 16628:2014 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16628:2014
CEN/TS 16628:2014 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................4

Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................6

1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................7

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................7

3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................7

4 Symbols, units and subscripts .............................................................................................................8

5 General ....................................................................................................................................................8

6 Central coordination during the development of EPB-standards ....................................................8

6.1 Set up and maintenance of EPB-standards ........................................................................................8

6.2 Dynamic interaction with national authorities ................................................................................. 11

6.3 National implementation of the EPB-standards .............................................................................. 11

7 The application range of the EPB-standards ................................................................................... 12

7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 12

7.2 Requirements for EPB-standards ..................................................................................................... 12

7.3 Support on energy performance requirements ............................................................................... 14

7.4 Energy services .................................................................................................................................. 14

7.5 Building categories............................................................................................................................. 14

7.6 Different levels of complexities ......................................................................................................... 15

7.7 Flexibility ............................................................................................................................................. 15

7.7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 15

7.7.2 Innovation and equivalent solutions ................................................................................................ 16

7.7.3 Flexibility and adaptability to future needs ...................................................................................... 16

7.8 Added values to the market ............................................................................................................... 16

7.8.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 16

7.8.2 Procedures for tailored rating ........................................................................................................... 17

7.8.3 Procedures for building and system design .................................................................................... 18

8 National implementation and adaptation ......................................................................................... 18

8.1 National or regional choices: National Annexes ............................................................................. 18

8.2 National implementation .................................................................................................................... 19

9 The overarching modular structure for the energy performance assessment ............................ 20

9.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 20

9.2 Common terms, definitions and symbols ........................................................................................ 20

9.3 Common overarching modular structure ......................................................................................... 21

9.4 Common assessment boundaries .................................................................................................... 21

9.5 Common partitioning rules ................................................................................................................ 21

9.6 List of technologies to be covered ................................................................................................... 22

9.7 Matching time steps ........................................................................................................................... 22

9.8 Common rules on input values and assumptions .......................................................................... 22

9.9 Common operating assumptions and environment conditions .................................................... 24

9.10 Common overarching output ............................................................................................................ 24

10 Common model(s) and editorial rules for each standard ............................................................... 24

10.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 24

10.2 Normative standards and informative accompanying Technical Reports ................................... 25

10.3 Common structure of an EPB-standard ........................................................................................... 25

10.4 Common structure of the Technical Report accompanying an EPB-standard ............................ 26

10.5 Common technical and editorial rules for each standard .............................................................. 26

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16628:2014
CEN/TS 16628:2014 (E)

10.6 Software proof ..................................................................................................................................... 26

10.7 Modular proof Detailed Technical Rules ........................................................................................... 26

11 Common quality aspects .................................................................................................................... 26

11.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 26

11.2 Validation and demonstration ............................................................................................................ 27

11.3 Relevance, sensitivity and balanced accuracy ................................................................................ 27

11.3.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 27

11.3.2 Accuracy............................................................................................................................................... 27

11.3.3 Reproducibility .................................................................................................................................... 28

11.3.4 Simplicity .............................................................................................................................................. 29

11.3.5 Accuracy versus cost-effectiveness ................................................................................................. 29

11.4 Transparency aspects ......................................................................................................................... 31

11.5 Common example cases..................................................................................................................... 32

Annex A (normative) Parallel routes in normative references .................................................................... 34

Annex B (informative) Overview of relevant quality aspects ...................................................................... 36

Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 38

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16628:2014
CEN/TS 16628:2014 (E)
Foreword

This document (CEN/TS 16628:2014) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 371 “Energy

performance of Buildings project group”, the secretariat of which is held by NEN.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association (Mandate M/480, [2]).

This document supports requirements of EU Directive 2010/31/EC on the energy performance of buildings

(EPBD). It forms part of a series of standards aimed at European harmonization of the methodology for the

calculation of the energy performance of buildings.

Directive 2010/31/EU recasting the Directive 2002/91/EC on energy performance of buildings (EPBD) [1]

promotes the improvement of the energy performance of buildings within the European Union, taking into

account all types of energy uses (heating, lighting, cooling, air conditioning, ventilation) and outdoor climatic

and local conditions, as well as indoor climate requirements and cost effectiveness (Article 1).

The Directive requires Member States to adopt measures and tools to achieve the prudent and rational use of

energy resources. In order to achieve those goals, the EPBD requires increasing energy efficiency and the

enhanced use of renewable energies in both new and existing buildings. One tool for this is the application by

Member States of minimum requirements on the energy performance of new buildings and for existing

buildings that are subject to major renovation, as well as for minimum performance requirements for the

building envelope if energy-relevant parts are replaced or retrofitted. Other tools are energy certification of

buildings, inspection of boilers and air-conditioning systems.

NOTE The use of European Standards increases the accessibility, transparency and objectivity of the energy

performance assessment in the Member States facilitating the comparison of best practices and supporting the internal

market for construction products. The use of EPB-standards for calculating energy performance, as well as for energy

performance certification and the inspection of heating systems and boilers, ventilation and air-conditioning systems will

reduce costs compared to developing different standards at national level.

The first mandate to CEN to develop a set of standards to support the EPBD (M/343) resulted in the

successful publication of several EPBD related CEN standards in 2007-2008. The second mandate to CEN

(M/480, [2]) was issued to review the Mandate M/343 as the recast of the EPBD raises the need to revisit the

standards and reformulate and add standards so that they become on the one hand unambiguous and

compatible, and on the other hand a clear and explicit overview of the choices, boundary conditions and input

data that need to be defined at national or regional level. Such national or regional choices remain necessary,

due to differences in climate, culture and building tradition, policy and legal frameworks. Consequently, the

current set of EPBD related standards had to be improved and expanded on the basis of the recast of the

EPBD. EPB-standards should be flexible enough to allow for necessary national and regional differentiation

and facilitate Member States implementation and the setting of requirements by the Member States.

The set of EBP-standards should consist of a comprehensive package of Technical Specifications and

European Standards that are manageable and user-friendly for regulators, product Technical Specification

drafters, drafters of European Assessment Documents (EAD), producers, notified bodies and users.

The setup of a coherent set EPB-standards under Mandate M/480 was split into two phases:

— the development of (and agreement on) the underlying basic principles and detailed technical rules for

drafting EPB-standards providing a coherent modular structure and an overarching EPB-standard

following these rules and principles;

— on the basis of the results of phase 1: the preparation/revision of the complete set of EPB- standards.

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16628:2014
CEN/TS 16628:2014 (E)

The basic principles and technical rules were developed to ensure the necessary overall consistency in

terminology, approach, input/output relations and formats in all EPB-standards. In these rules and

specifications, requirements from competent national legal authorities of EU and EFTA Member States

(aggregated by the CAP-EDMC liaison committee) were taken into account.

It is anticipated that during phase 2 additions or modifications of the overarching EPB-standard and/or basic

principles and technical rules might be needed.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to announce this Technical Specification: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,

Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany,

Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16628:2014
CEN/TS 16628:2014 (E)
Introduction

This Technical Specification has been developed to guide the revisions under M/480 phase 2 as well as all

future work on EPB-standards. In order to facilitate coordination, consistency and coherence of EPB-

standards the following tools are available:

a) a Technical Specification on the basic principles to be followed in drafting EPB-standards (this

document);

b) a Technical Specification on the detailed technical rules to be followed in drafting EPB-standards;

c) in addition, the following TC/371 documents are available:

1) a template for the EPB-standards, including reminders of applicable rules in the relevant clauses;

2) a template for the EPBD Technical Reports that will accompany each EPBD standard;

3) a spread sheet template to be used to demonstrate the correctness of the standardized calculation

procedures.

All work on (intended) EPB-standards will follow the basic principles and the detailed technical rules and relate

to the overarching EPB-standard, FprEN 15603.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16628:2014
CEN/TS 16628:2014 (E)
1 Scope

This Technical Specification describes the basic principles to be followed in the development of standards

intended to support the assessment of the energy performance of buildings using a holistic approach. The

main goal is to obtain a set of EPB-standards that are a systematic, clear and comprehensive package for the

benefit of professionals and government entities.

This Technical Specification gives general, qualitative guidance on the required quality, accuracy, usability

and consistency of EPB-standards in order to provide a balance between:
— the accuracy and level of detail, and
— the simplicity and availability of input data.

Hidden complexities are also taken into account, such as the impact of differences in the overall legal

frameworks on the national choices and national input data.

The basic principles are the basis for detailed technical rules and for a common overarching structure for the

set of EPB-standards.
The basic principles for EPB-standards cover the following aspects:
— the standardization process, including collaborations and consultations;
— the application range of the standards;
— common general organization of each standard and the national implementation;
— the overarching structure for the energy performance assessment;
— common model(s) and editorial rules for each standard;
— common quality aspects for each standard.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,

the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

FprEN 15603:2014, Energy Performance of Buildings – Overarching standard EPBD

CEN/TS 16629, Energy Performance of Buildings – Detailed technical rules for the set of EPB-standards

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in FprEN 15603:2014 and the following

apply.
3.1
EPB-standard

standard being part of a set of standards providing a coherent methodology for assessing the energy

performance of buildings using a holistic approach
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16628:2014
CEN/TS 16628:2014 (E)

Note 1 to entry: EPB-standards are developed and/or revised in accordance with and have to comply with the basic

principles and detailed technical rules developed by CEN/TC 371 under Mandate M/480 following the Energy Performance

of Buildings Directive (2010/31/EU, EPBD recast). The term EPB-standard may apply to either EN standards or to EN ISO

standards.

Note 2 to entry: EPB-standards are drafted on the basis of relevant existing International, European and National

standards and the work of the CEN-CENELEC Product TCs. They have to take into account EU Directives (other than the

EPBD), such as the Construction Products Directive (89/106/EEC), the revised Labelling Directive 2010/30/EU, the

Energy related Products Directive 2009/125/EC, the Energy End Use Efficiency and Energy Services Directive

(2006/32/EC), the INSPIRE Directive (2007/2/EC) and Mandate M324 and the Boiler Efficiency Directive (92/42/EC).

4 Symbols, units and subscripts

For the purposes of this document, all symbols, units and subscripts provided in the overarching EPB-

standard FprEN 15603:2014 apply.
NOTE No specific symbols are used in this Technical Specification.
5 General

EPB-standards shall be drafted according to the basic principles (the “Why”) given in this document and the

actual detailed technical rules (the “How”) which are given in CEN/TS 16629.

NOTE Where relevant, this Technical Specification indicates whether the principle of the item considered is dealt with

in the overarching EPB-standard (FprEN 15603), in CEN/TS 16629, and/or might need to be elaborated within National

Annexes by the competent national standardization body.

It is important to position the set of standards in the whole of the assessment process. This requires an outline

of the assessment processes in practice: the objective of the assessment, the crucial steps and an illustration

of how the standards support these activities.

The characteristics of data acquisition also have to be addressed since this is crucial for the accuracy,

sensitivity, reproducibility, practical feasibility and cost of the assessment. This is further dealt with in

Clause 11. Special attention is needed for difficulties in assessing existing buildings. This relates to the

availability, accessibility and quality of data, unclear partitioning, intended change in use of the building, etc.

To deal with such issues in a 'measurable' way, a set of common example cases is expected to be very

useful. This is further introduced in Clause 11.
6 Central coordination during the development of EPB-standards
6.1 Set up and maintenance of EPB-standards

This CEN Technical Specification deals with aspects of the standardization process that are specific for EPB-

standards. The assessment of the overall energy performance of a building is based on the holistic approach:

integration and aggregation of all elements and energy services, as illustrated by the pyramid shown in

Figure 1.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16628:2014
CEN/TS 16628:2014 (E)

Figure 1 – Pyramid, illustrating the holistic approach of the set of EPB-standards

All EPB-standards are developed in a coordinated manner and (for the assessment of the energy

performance of buildings) none of these standards is to be used stand-alone: any practical calculation or

application requires that a number of these standards are used in combination.

All EPB-standards (either revised, existing or new) share common technical rules, a common format and a

common structure to be part of an integrated standardization and assessment package.

To guard the coherency of EPB-standards, central coordination by CEN/TC 371 is required combined with

active involvement and commitment of the five parallel CEN/TCs who have the technical expertise and

competence regarding specific technological fields under the holistic approach (TC 89, TC 156, TC 169,

TC 228 and TC 247).

The modular structure for EPB-standards, the overarching EPB-standard (FprEN 15603), as well as the basic

principles and detailed technical rules for the development of other EPB-standards, is developed by

CEN/TC 371.

Parallel CEN and/or ISO TCs are responsible for the (technical) content of these EPB-standards.

Consequently the revision/drafting of standards considered relevant within the modular structure of EPB-

standards shall be supervised by the competent CEN and/or ISO TCs.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16628:2014
CEN/TS 16628:2014 (E)
Figure 2 – Cooperation between CEN and ISO TCs dealing with EPB-standards
NOTE 1 The role of CIE in relation to ISO/TC 163 may require an update.

CEN/TC 371 is the overall responsible coordinating committee for checking whether EPB-standards comply

with the guidelines for EPB-standards.

Both CEN/TC 371 and the parallel TCs competent with respect to the technical content of standards share

responsibility on coherence of standards within the set of EPB-standards. They shall ensure that the same or

similar standardization procedures (as adopted during the development) are agreed upon after completion of

the set, to be in force for review and/or future updating of the standards.

In order to ensure that work on (possible) EBP-standards complies with EPB requirements set by

CEN/TC 371 and the technical requirements set by the competent TCs, team leaders of groups of experts

revising or drafting EPB-standards are preferably appointed as formal liaison experts by the associated

“parallel” TC to CEN/TC 371. Their task is to ensure that the contribution from the competent TC complies

with the EPB requirements and to report on any differences and considerations and by encompassing the

respective decisions to the competent TC and CEN/TC 371.

Where relevant, for the revision and/or set up of EN ISO standards relevant to the modular structure of EPB-

standards, co-operation will be sought with the competent ISO/TCs.

NOTE 2 The ISO/TC 163/WG 4, Joint Working Group TC 163 and TC 205, since 2009 co-ordinating the work on the

energy performance of buildings under the responsibility of the two ISO parent TC's, adopted in its draft strategy document

(2010) the major recommendations for improvement of the set of EPB- standards. The members of this coordinating group

are also aware of the current discussions in the EU on the requirements for a second generation and in this context, they

have confirmed that it is important to take these requirements into account very seriously, because common EN ISO

standards are the goal.

Specific practical modes of operation also seem appropriate for the co-operation between CEN and ISO on

these standards, based on the Vienna Agreement ([10]) between CEN and ISO on co-operation in the

development of standards.

According to the Vienna Agreement, the revision of EN ISO standards is under ISO lead. If agreed by the

CEN and ISO technical bodies, and specifically by the non-European members of the ISO technical body, the

lead can however be assigned to CEN. Whenever feasible, combined EN ISO EPB-standards should be

published.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16628:2014
CEN/TS 16628:2014 (E)

The preparation of a set of international standards on the energy performance of buildings at the ISO level is

assigned to ISO /TC 163/WG 4, Joint Working Group of ISO TC 163 and TC 205 on energy performance of

buildings using a holistic approach. This co-operation aims to avoid serious duplication of work, to avoid

incompatibilities in (input) product data, procedures and (output) energy performance data.

If the CEN and ISO relevant technical bodies were to decide not to work under the Vienna Agreement, it is

expected that the International EPB-standards would soon strongly diverge from the corresponding European

EPB-standards. The importance and benefits of common International standards would then be lost, and the

high quality standardization work taking place in Europe, due to the strong support by European policy

decisions, would not be available outside Europe. Having different European and International standards

would harm both CEN and ISO members as well as the users of the standards. Therefore, the utmost will

have to be done to solve problems and difficulties that might be at hand in order to continue the parallel work.

Practical solutions for taking into account divergences between ISO and CEN (if unavoidable) within one

combined EN ISO standard, are specified as part of the detailed technical rules (see CEN/TS 16629:2014,

6.2.3 for further details).

NOTE 3 If all options to solve problems in developing a EN ISO standard have failed, developing separate standards is

possible. The Vi
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 16628:2014
01-marec-2014
[Not translated]
Energy Performance of Buildings - Basic Principles for the set of EPBD standards
Energieeffizienz von Gebäuden - Grundlagen für das EPBD-Normenpaket
Performance énergétique des bâtiments - Principes de base pour l’ensemble des
normes PEB
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: FprCEN/TS 16628
ICS:
91.010.30 7HKQLþQLYLGLNL Technical aspects
91.140.01 Napeljave v stavbah na Installations in buildings in
splošno general
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 16628:2014 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 16628:2014
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 16628:2014
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
FINAL DRAFT
FprCEN/TS 16628
SPÉCIFICATION TECHNIQUE
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION
January 2014
ICS 91.140.99
English Version
Energy Performance of Buildings - Basic Principles for the set of
EPBD standards

Performance énergétique des bâtiments - Principes de Energieeffizienz von Gebäuden - Grundlagen für das

base pour l'ensemble des normes PEB EPBD-Normenpaket

This draft Technical Specification is submitted to CEN members for formal vote. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC

371.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to

provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a Technical Specification. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without notice

and shall not be referred to as a Technical Specification.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. FprCEN/TS 16628:2014 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 16628:2014
FprCEN/TS 16628:2014 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................4

1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................7

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................7

3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................8

4 Symbols, units and subscripts .............................................................................................................8

5 General ....................................................................................................................................................8

6 Central coordination during the development of EPB-standards ....................................................8

6.1 Set up and maintenance of EPB-standards ........................................................................................8

6.2 Dynamic interaction with national authorities ................................................................................. 11

6.3 National implementation of the EPB-standards .............................................................................. 11

7 The application range of the EPB-standards ................................................................................... 11

7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 11

7.2 Requirements for EPB-standards ..................................................................................................... 12

7.3 Support on energy performance requirements ............................................................................... 13

7.4 Energy services .................................................................................................................................. 14

7.5 Building categories............................................................................................................................. 14

7.6 Different levels of complexities ......................................................................................................... 15

7.7 Flexibility ............................................................................................................................................. 15

7.7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 15

7.7.2 Innovation and equivalent solutions ................................................................................................ 15

7.7.3 Flexibility and adaptability to future needs ...................................................................................... 16

7.8 Added values to the market ............................................................................................................... 16

7.8.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 16

7.8.2 Procedures for tailored rating ........................................................................................................... 17

7.8.3 Procedures for building and system design .................................................................................... 17

8 National implementation and adaptation ......................................................................................... 18

8.1 National or regional choices: National Annexes ............................................................................. 18

8.2 National implementation .................................................................................................................... 19

9 The overarching modular structure for the energy performance assessment ............................ 20

9.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 20

9.2 Common terms, definitions and symbols ........................................................................................ 20

9.3 Common overarching modular structure ......................................................................................... 21

9.4 Common assessment boundaries .................................................................................................... 21

9.5 Common partitioning rules ................................................................................................................ 21

9.6 List of technologies to be covered ................................................................................................... 22

9.7 Matching time steps ........................................................................................................................... 22

9.8 Common rules on input values and assumptions .......................................................................... 22

9.9 Common operating assumptions and environment conditions .................................................... 24

9.10 Common overarching output ............................................................................................................ 24

10 Common model(s) and editorial rules for each standard ............................................................... 24

10.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 24

10.2 Normative standards and informative accompanying Technical Reports ................................... 25

10.3 Common structure of an EPB-standard ........................................................................................... 25

10.4 Common structure of the Technical Report accompanying an EPB-standard ............................ 26

10.5 Common technical and editorial rules for each standard .............................................................. 26

10.6 Software proof ..................................................................................................................................... 26

10.7 Modular proof Detailed Technical Rules .......................................................................................... 26

11 Common quality aspects ................................................................................................................... 26

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 16628:2014
FprCEN/TS 16628:2014 (E)

11.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 26

11.2 Validation and demonstration ............................................................................................................ 27

11.3 Relevance, sensitivity and balanced accuracy ................................................................................ 27

11.3.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 27

11.3.2 Accuracy............................................................................................................................................... 27

11.3.3 Reproducibility .................................................................................................................................... 28

11.3.4 Simplicity .............................................................................................................................................. 29

11.3.5 Accuracy versus cost-effectiveness ................................................................................................. 29

11.4 Transparency aspects ......................................................................................................................... 30

11.5 Common example cases..................................................................................................................... 31

Annex A (normative) Parallel routes in normative references ..................................................................... 34

Annex B (informative) Overview of relevant quality aspects ....................................................................... 36

Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 38

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 16628:2014
FprCEN/TS 16628:2014 (E)
Foreword

This document (FprCEN/TS 16628:2014) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 371 “Energy

Performance of Buildings Project Group” (the secretariat of which is held by NEN).

This document is currently submitted to the Formal Vote.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association (Mandate M/480, [2]).

This document supports essential requirements of EU Directive 2010/31/EC on the energy performance of

buildings (EPBD). It forms part of a series of standards aimed at European harmonisation of the methodology

for the calculation of the energy performance of buildings.

Directive 2010/31/EU recasting the Directive 2002/91/EC on energy performance of buildings (EPBD) [1]

promotes the improvement of the energy performance of buildings within the European Union, taking into

account all types of energy uses (heating, lighting, cooling, air conditioning, ventilation) and outdoor climatic

and local conditions, as well as indoor climate requirements and cost effectiveness (Article 1).

The Directive requires Member States to adopt measures and tools to achieve the prudent and rational use of

energy resources. In order to achieve those goals, the EPBD requires increasing energy efficiency and the

enhanced use of renewable energies in both new and existing buildings. One tool for this is the application by

Member States of minimum requirements on the energy performance of new buildings and for existing

buildings that are subject to major renovation, as well as for minimum performance requirements for the

building envelope if energy-relevant parts are replaced or retrofitted. Other tools are energy certification of

buildings, inspection of boilers and air-conditioning systems.

NOTE The use of European Standards increases the accessibility, transparency and objectivity of the energy

performance assessment in the Member States facilitating the comparison of best practices and supporting the internal

market for construction products. The use of EPB-standards for calculating energy performance, as well as for energy

performance certification and the inspection of heating systems and boilers, ventilation and air-conditioning systems will

reduce costs compared to developing different standards at national level.

The first mandate to CEN to develop a set of standards to support the EPBD (M/343) resulted in the

successful publication of several EPBD related CEN standards in 2007-2008. The second mandate to CEN

(M/480, [2]) was issued to review the Mandate M/343 as the recast of the EPBD raises the need to revisit the

standards and reformulate and add standards so that they become on the one hand unambiguous and

compatible, and on the other hand a clear and explicit overview of the choices, boundary conditions and input

data that need to be defined at national or regional level. Such national or regional choices remain necessary,

due to differences in climate, culture & building tradition, policy and legal frameworks. Consequently, the

current set of EPBD related standards had to be improved and expanded on the basis of the recast of the

EPBD. EPB-standards should be flexible enough to allow for necessary national and regional differentiation

and facilitate Member States implementation and the setting of requirements by the Member States.

The set of EBP-standards should consist of a comprehensive package of Technical Specifications and

European Standards that are manageable and user-friendly for regulators, product Technical Specification

drafters, drafters of European Assessment Documents (EAD), producers, notified bodies and users.

The setup of a coherent set EPB-standards under Mandate M/480 was split into two phases:

 the development of (and agreement on) the underlying basic principles and detailed technical rules for

drafting EPB-standards providing a coherent modular structure and an overarching EPB-standard

following these rules and principles;

 on the basis of the results of phase 1: the preparation/revision of the complete set of EPB- standards.

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 16628:2014
FprCEN/TS 16628:2014 (E)

The basic principles and technical rules were developed to ensure the necessary overall consistency in

terminology, approach, input/output relations and formats in all EPB-standards. In these rules and

specifications, requirements from competent national legal authorities of EU and EFTA Member States

(aggregated by the CAP-EDMC liaison committee) were taken into account.

It is anticipated that during phase 2 additions or modifications of the overarching EPB-standard and/or basic

principles and technical rules might be needed.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 16628:2014
FprCEN/TS 16628:2014 (E)
Introduction

This Technical Specification has been developed to guide the revisions under M/480 phase 2 as well as all

future work on EPB-standards. In order to facilitate coordination, consistency and coherence of EPB-

standards the following tools are available:

a) a Technical Specification on the basic principles to be followed in drafting EPB-standards (this document);

b) a Technical Specification on the detailed technical rules to be followed in drafting EPB-standards;

c) in addition, the following TC/371 documents are available:

1) a template for the EPB-standards, including reminders of applicable rules in the relevant clauses;

2) a template for the EPBD Technical Reports that will accompany each EPBD standard;

3) a spread sheet template to be used to demonstrate the correctness of the standardized calculation

procedures.

All work on (intended) EPB-standards will follow the basic principles and the detailed technical rules and relate

to the overarching EPB-standard, prEN 15603.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 16628:2014
FprCEN/TS 16628:2014 (E)
1 Scope

This Technical Specification describes the basic principles to be followed in the development of standards

intended to support the assessment of the energy performance of buildings using a holistic approach. The

main goal is to obtain a set of EPB-standards that are a systematic, clear and comprehensive package for the

benefit of professionals and government entities.

This Technical Specification gives general, qualitative guidance on the required quality, accuracy, usability

and consistency of EPB-standards in order to provide a balance between:
 the accuracy and level of detail, and
 the simplicity and availability of input data.

Hidden complexities are also taken into account, such as the impact of differences in the overall legal

frameworks on the national choices and national input data.

The basic principles are the basis for detailed technical rules and for a common overarching structure for the

set of EPB-standards.
The basic principles for EPB-standards cover the following aspects:
 the standardization process, including collaborations and consultations;
 the application range of the standards;
 common general organisation of each standard and the national implementation;
 the overarching structure for the energy performance assessment;
 common model(s) and editorial rules for each standard;
 common quality aspects for each standard.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,

the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

prEN 15603:2013, Energy Performance of Buildings – Overarching standard EPBD

FprCEN/TS 16629, Energy Performance of Buildings – Detailed technical rules for the set of EPB-standards

---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 16628:2014
FprCEN/TS 16628:2014 (E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in prEN 15603:2013 and the following

apply.
3.1
EPB-standard

standard being part of a set of standards providing a coherent methodology for assessing the energy

performance of buildings using a holistic approach

Note 1 to entry: EPB-standards are developed and/or revised in accordance with and have to comply with the basic

principles and detailed technical rules developed by CEN/TC 371 under Mandate M/480 following the Energy Performance

of Buildings Directive (2010/31/EU, EPBD recast). The term EPB-standard may apply to either EN standards or to EN ISO

standards.

EPB-standards are drafted on the basis of relevant existing International, European and National standards and the work

of the CEN-CENELEC Product TCs. They have to take into account EU Directives (other than the EPBD), such as the

Construction Products Directive (89/106/EEC), the revised Labelling Directive 2010/30/EU, the Energy related Products

Directive 2009/125/EC, the Energy End Use Efficiency & Energy Services Directive (2006/32/EC), the INSPIRE Directive

(2007/2/EC) and Mandate M324 and the Boiler Efficiency Directive (92/42/EC).
4 Symbols, units and subscripts

For the purposes of this document, all symbols, units and subscripts provided in the overarching EPB-

standard prEN 15603:2013 apply.
NOTE No specific symbols are used in this Technical Specification.
5 General

EPB-standards shall be drafted according to the basic principles (the "Why") given in this document and the

actual detailed technical rules (the "How") which are given in FprCEN/TS 16629.

NOTE Where relevant, this Technical Specification indicates whether the principle of the item considered is dealt with

in the overarching EPB-standard (prEN 15603), in FprCEN/TS 16629, and/or might need to be elaborated within National

Annexes by the competent national standardization body.

It is important to position the set of standards in the whole of the assessment process. This requires an outline

of the assessment processes in practice: the objective of the assessment, the crucial steps and an illustration

of how the standards support these activities.

The characteristics of data acquisition also have to be addressed since this is crucial for the accuracy,

sensitivity, reproducibility, practical feasibility and cost of the assessment. This is further dealt with in

Clause 11. Special attention is needed for difficulties in assessing existing buildings. This relates to the

availability, accessibility and quality of data, unclear partitioning, intended change in use of the building, etc.

To deal with such issues in a 'measurable' way, a set of common example cases is expected to be very

useful. This is further introduced in Clause 11.
6 Central coordination during the development of EPB-standards
6.1 Set up and maintenance of EPB-standards

This CEN Technical Specification deals with aspects of the standardization process that are specific for EPB-

standards. The assessment of the overall energy performance of a building is based on the holistic approach:

integration and aggregation of all elements and energy services, as illustrated by the pyramid shown in

Figure 1.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 16628:2014
FprCEN/TS 16628:2014 (E)

Figure 1 – Pyramid, illustrating the holistic approach of the set of EPB-standards

All EPB-standards are developed in a coordinated manner and (for the assessment of the energy

performance of buildings) none of these standards is to be used stand-alone: any practical calculation or

application requires that a number of these standards are used in combination.

All EPB-standards (either revised, existing or new) share common technical rules, a common format and a

common structure to be part of an integrated standardization and assessment package.

To guard the coherency of EPB-standards, central coordination by CEN/TC 371 is required combined with

active involvement and commitment of the five parallel CEN/TCs who have the technical expertise and

competence regarding specific technological fields under the holistic approach (TC 89, TC 156, TC 169,

TC 228 and TC 247).

The modular structure for EPB-standards, the overarching EPB-standard (prEN 15603), as well as the basic

principles and detailed technical rules for the development of other EPB-standards, is developed by

CEN/TC 371.

Parallel CEN and/or ISO TCs are responsible for the (technical) content of these EPB-standards.

Consequently the revision/drafting of standards considered relevant within the modular structure of EPB-

standards shall be supervised by the competent CEN and/or ISO TCs.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 16628:2014
FprCEN/TS 16628:2014 (E)
Figure 2 – Cooperation between CEN and ISO TCs dealing with EPB-standards
NOTE 1 The role of CIE in relation to ISO/TC 163 may require an update.

CEN/TC 371 is the overall responsible coordinating committee for checking whether EPB-standards comply

with the guidelines for EPB-standards.

Both CEN/TC 371 and the parallel TCs competent with respect to the technical content of standards share

responsibility on coherence of standards within the set of EPB-standards. They shall ensure that the same or

similar standardization procedures (as adopted during the development) are agreed upon after completion of

the set, to be in force for review and/or future updating of the standards.

In order to ensure that work on (possible) EBP-standards complies with EPB requirements set by

CEN/TC 371 and the technical requirements set by the competent TCs, team leaders of groups of experts

revising or drafting EPB-standards are preferably appointed as formal liaison experts by the associated

"parallel" TC to CEN/TC 371. Their task is to ensure that the contribution from the competent TC complies

with the EPB requirements and to report on any differences and considerations and by encompassing the

respective decisions to the competent TC and CEN/TC 371.

Where relevant, for the revision and/or set up of EN ISO standards relevant to the modular structure of EPB-

standards, co-operation will be sought with the competent ISO/TCs.

NOTE 2 The ISO/TC 163/WG 4, Joint Working Group TC 163 and TC 205, since 2009 co-ordinating the work on the

energy performance of buildings under the responsibility of the two ISO parent TC's, adopted in its draft strategy document

(2010) the major recommendations for improvement of the set of EPB- standards. The members of this coordinating group

are also aware of the current discussions in the EU on the requirements for a second generation and in this context they

have confirmed that it is important to take these requirements into account very seriously, because common EN ISO

standards are the goal.

Specific practical modes of operation also seem appropriate for the co-operation between CEN and ISO on

these standards, based on the Vienna Agreement ([10]) between CEN and ISO on co-operation in the

development of standards.

NOTE 3 According to the Vienna Agreement, the revision of EN ISO standards is under ISO lead. If agreed by the CEN

and ISO technical bodies, and specifically by the non-European members of the ISO technical body, the lead can however

be assigned to CEN. Whenever feasible, combined EN ISO EPB-standards should be published.

The preparation of a set of international standards on the energy performance of buildings at the ISO level is

assigned to ISO /TC 163/WG 4, Joint Working Group of ISO TC 163 and TC 205 on energy performance of

buildings using a holistic approach. This co-operation aims to avoid serious duplication of work, to avoid

incompatibilities in (input) product data, procedures and (output) energy performance data.

---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 16628:2014
FprCEN/TS 16628:2014 (E)

If the CEN and ISO relevant technical bodies were to decide not to work under the Vienna Agreement, it is

expected that the International EPB-standards would soon strongly diverge from the corresponding European

EPB-standards. The importance and benefits of common International standards would then be lost, and the

high quality standardization work taking place in Europe, due to the strong support by European policy

decisions, would not be available outside Europe. Having different European and International standards

would harm both CEN and ISO members as well as the users of the standards. Therefore, the utmost will

have to be done to solve problems and difficulties that might be at hand in order to continue the parallel work.

Practical solutions for taking into account divergences between ISO and CEN (if unavoidable) within one

combined EN ISO standard, are specified as part of the detailed technical rules (see 6.2.3 of

FprCEN/TS 16629:2014 for further details).

NOTE 4 If all options to solve problems in developing a EN ISO standard have failed, developing separate standards is

possible. The Vienna Agreement on the co-operation between CEN and ISO ([10]) leaves the possibility open to go

separate ways at any moment, for each individual work item, if necessary.
6.2 Dynamic interaction with national authorities

The FprCEN/TS 16628 (Basic Principles), FprCEN/TS 16629 (Detailed Technical Rules) and EN 15603 (the

overarching standard) are made available as draft versions to a Liaison Committee for consultation

(evaluation and feedback) from the Member States perspective. For them, these documents are of great

importance since they function as a starting point to provide guidance to the developers regarding usability of

all individual standards and the set as a whole.

This is a dynamic and iterative process. The Member States' expectations have to be translated into basic

principles and (from there) into detailed technical rules and overarching energy performance assessment

procedures. Already this process will lead to compromises and choices.

It is expected that during phase 2, adjustments of the overarching standard and basic principles a

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.