Road marking materials - Retroreflecting road studs - Part 1: Initial performance requirements

This document specifies the product characteristics, laboratory test methods, the way of expressing results and the relevant procedures for assessment and verification of the constancy of performance for retroreflecting road studs, non depressible and depressible by design (designated as Type A and B, respectively) and which reflectors are made of glass, plastic or plastic with abrasion resistance layer (designated as Type 1, 2 and 3, respectively), to be used for permanent road markings, and delineation purposes, in circulation areas.
This document covers retroreflecting road studs (types - 1, 2, 3 - A, B) of white, yellow, amber, red and green colour of their reflectors.
This document does not cover:
-   non-retroreflective road studs;
-   temporary retroreflective road studs.

Straßenmarkierungsmaterialien - Markierungsknöpfe - Teil 1: Anforderungen im Neuzustand

Dieses Dokument legt die Produktmerkmale, die Laborprüfverfahren, die Art und Weise der Angabe von Ergebnissen und die relevanten Verfahren für die Bewertung und Überprüfung der Leistungsbeständigkeit von nach ihrer Konstruktion nicht eindrückbaren oder eindrückbaren (als Typ A bzw. Typ B bezeichneten) retroreflektierenden Markierungsknöpfen, deren Reflektoren aus Glas, Kunststoff, oder Kunststoff mit Oberflächenschutz bestehen und als Typ 1, Typ 2 bzw. Typ 3 bezeichnet werden, für die Verwendung als dauerhafte Markierungen und Abgrenzungen auf Verkehrsflächen fest.
Dieses Dokument behandelt retroreflektierende Markierungsknöpfe (Typ 1, 2, 3 – A, B) mit Reflektoren in den Farben Weiß, Gelb, Orange, Rot und Grün.
Dieses Dokument behandelt nicht:
—   nicht retroreflektierende Markierungsknöpfe;
—   vorübergehend verwendete retroreflektierende Markierungsknöpfe.

Produits de marquage routier - Plots rétroréfléchissants - Partie 1 : Exigences initiales de performance

Le présent document spécifie les caractéristiques de performance et les méthodes d’essai en laboratoire, les modes d'interprétation des résultats et les procédures pertinentes d’évaluation et de vérification de la constance des performances des plots rétroreféchissants, sans systèmes à dépression et à dépression par conception (désignés respectivement par Type A et B) et dont les réflecteurs sont en verre, en plastique ou en plastique avec couche de résistance à l'abrasion (désignés respectivement par Type 1, 2 et 3), destinés à être utilisés comme des produits de marquage routier permanents et la délimitation des zones de circulation.  
Ce document couvre les plots routiers rétroréfléchissants (types - 1, 2, 3 - A, B) de couleur blanche, jaune, ambre, rouge et verte de leurs réflecteurs.
Ce document ne couvre pas:
- les plots non-rétroréfléchissants;
- les plots temporaires

Materiali za označevanje vozišča - Cestni odsevniki - 1. del: Zahtevane lastnosti novih cestnih odsevnikov

General Information

Status
Published
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
22-Dec-2021
Completion Date
22-Dec-2021

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
EN 1463-1:2022 - BARVE na PDF-str 9
English language
20 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview
e-Library read for
1 day
Draft
prEN 1463-1:2020
English language
31 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview
e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 1463-1:2022
01-februar-2022
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 1463-1:2009

Materiali za označevanje vozišča - Cestni odsevniki - 1. del: Zahtevane lastnosti

novih cestnih odsevnikov

Road marking materials - Retroreflecting road studs - Part 1: Initial performance

requirements
Straßenmarkierungsmaterialien - Markierungsknöpfe - Teil 1: Anforderungen im
Neuzustand

Produits de marquage routier - Plots rétroréfléchissants - Partie 1 : Exigences initiales de

performance
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 1463-1:2021
ICS:
93.080.20 Materiali za gradnjo cest Road construction materials
SIST EN 1463-1:2022 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 1463-1:2022
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 1463-1:2022
EN 1463-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 93.080.20 Supersedes EN 1463-1:2009
English Version
Road marking materials - Retroreflecting road studs -
Part 1: Initial performance requirements

Produits de marquage routier - Plots Straßenmarkierungsmaterialien - Markierungsknöpfe -

rétroréfléchissants - Partie 1 : Exigences initiales de Teil 1: Anforderungen im Neuzustand

performance
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 24 October 2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIO N
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUN G
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 1463-1:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 1463-1:2022
EN 1463-1:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ............................................................................................................................................. 3

1 Scope .......................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .......................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms, definitions, symbols, units and abbreviated terms ................................................... 5

4 Characteristics ....................................................................................................................................... 7

4.1 Night time visibility .............................................................................................................................. 7

4.1.1 General explanation to angles .......................................................................................................... 7

4.1.2 Retro-reflectivity ................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2 Durability of retro-reflectivity ......................................................................................................... 9

5 Testing, assessment and sampling methods .............................................................................10

5.1 Night time visibility ............................................................................................................................10

5.1.1 Retro-reflectivity .................................................................................................................................10

5.2 Durability of retro-reflectivity .......................................................................................................10

6 Assessment and verification of constancy of performance — AVCP ................................10

6.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................10

6.2 Assessment of performance ............................................................................................................10

6.2.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................10

6.2.2 Test samples, testing and compliance criteria .........................................................................11

6.3 Verification of constancy of performance ..................................................................................11

6.3.1 Factory production control (FPC) .................................................................................................11

6.3.2 Initial inspection of factory and of FPC .......................................................................................13

6.3.3 Continuous surveillance of FPC ......................................................................................................13

Annex A (normative) Test method for the determination of the coefficient of luminous

intensity (R) ..........................................................................................................................................14

Annex B (normative) Test method for the determination of chromaticity co-ordinates

(x,y) ..........................................................................................................................................................17

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship of this European Standard with Regulation (EU)

No. 305/2011 ........................................................................................................................................19

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 1463-1:2022
EN 1463-1:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 1463-1:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 226 “Road

equipment”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2022, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by September 2023.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 1463-1:2009.

This document has been prepared under a Standardization Request given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association.

For relationship with EU Directive(s) / Regulation(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part

of this document.
The main changes with respect to the previous edition are listed below:

— To adapt the structure of the standard to the new CEN instructions for candidate harmonized

standards for construction products, the terminology and the Annex ZA have been adapted to CEN

guidance and template.

— All content that refers to temporary products and to none of the mandated characteristics has been

eliminated (deletion of content related to Temporary Road Studs and in use characteristics

“Dimensions”).

— Clause 6 “Assessment and verification of constancy of performance — AVCP” has been added.

— Former Clause 4 “type-of road stud” has been moved to Clause 3 “Terms, definitions, symbols, units

and abbreviated terms” under new subclause 3.10.

— Former Clause 5 “Performance Requirements” can be found in this standard under Clause 4

“Characteristics”.

— Subclause 4.1.1 “General explanation to angles” has been added to Clause 4 “Product characteristics”

(former Clause 5 “Performance Requirements”) to avoid any misinterpretation.

— Former Tables 4 and 5, in former subclause 5.3.1.1, have been merged as specified in that subclause

(see new Table 3 in 4.1.2.1) in order to make the interpretation of the threshold values corresponding

to that characteristic easier, and subsequently avoid potential mistakes. Therefore, threshold levels

specified for each type (1, 2 and 3) of road studs and colour specified in new Table 3 correspond to

those given in the previous version of EN 1463-1.

— Former subclause 5.3.1 “Photometric requirements” can be found in this standard under 4.1.2.1

“Coefficient of luminous intensity (R)”.

— Former subclause 5.3.2 “Colorimetric requirements” can be found in this standard under 4.1.2.2

Chromaticity co-ordinates (x,y).
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 1463-1:2022
EN 1463-1:2021 (E)

— Subclause 4.2 “Durability of retro-reflectivity” has been added to give a clear link to EN 1463-2:2021.

Notice that according to the answer to Mandate M/111 (CEN reference doc N 1318 dated June 2013)

accepted by the European Commission, only Durability of retro-reflectivity expressed as coefficient

of luminous intensity (R) is considered relevant.

Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national standards body.

A complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CEN website.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,

Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North

Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United

Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 1463-1:2022
EN 1463-1:2021 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies the product characteristics, laboratory test methods, the way of expressing

results and the relevant procedures for assessment and verification of the constancy of performance for

retroreflecting road studs, non depressible and depressible by design (designated as Type A and B,

respectively) and which reflectors are made of glass, plastic or plastic with abrasion resistance layer

(designated as Type 1, 2 and 3, respectively), to be used for permanent road markings, and delineation

purposes, in circulation areas.

This document covers retroreflecting road studs (types - 1, 2, 3 - A, B) of white, yellow, amber, red and

green colour of their reflectors.
This document does not cover:
— non-retroreflective road studs;
— temporary retroreflective road studs.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document.

EN 1463-2:2021, Road marking materials - Retroreflecting road studs - Part 2: Road test performance

specifications
ISO/CIE 11664-1:2019, Colorimetry - Part 1: CIE standard colorimetric observers
ISO 11664-2:2007, Colorimetry - Part 2: CIE standard illuminants
CIE 054.2:2001, Retroreflection: Definition and measurement
CIE S 017/E:2020, ILV: International Lighting Vocabulary, 2 Edition
3 Terms, definitions, symbols, units and abbreviated terms
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
retroreflecting road stud

horizontal guiding device that reflects incident light by means of retroreflectors (see 3.2) in order to warn,

guide or inform road users
Note 1 to entry: Retroreflecting road stud called “road stud” in this document.

Note 2 to entry: Retroreflecting road stud may be constructed in either one or more integral parts and may be

bonded to, anchored within or embedded within the road surface. The body is typically manufactured with plastic

polymers, although solid glass is also used. The retroreflecting portion may be unidirectional or bidirectional,

depressible or non depressible.
3.2
retroreflector

device which reverses the direction of visible light striking it and returns it along a path substantially

parallel to its original path

Note 1 to entry: It may be made of glass (type 1), plastic (type 2) or plastic with an abrasion resistant surface

(type 3). It may have a reflective coating at the back.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 1463-1:2022
EN 1463-1:2021 (E)
3.3
non depressible road stud

substantially rigid road stud not designed to deform under the passage of traffic (type A)

3.4
depressible road stud

road stud designed to have one or more parts which deform under traffic and recover to their original

geometry after removal of the traffic load (type B)
3.5
bonded road stud

road stud fixed to the road surface using an adhesive applied to the stud and/or to the road surface at the

time of installation
3.6
self-adhesive road stud
road stud pre-coated with adhesive

Note 1 to entry: An adhesion enhancer (see 3.7) may be required under some climatic conditions.

3.7
adhesion enhancer

additional coating on the load-bearing surface of the road stud or on the road surface which improves the

performance of the adhesive bond
3.8
anchored road stud
road stud fixed to the road surface using an anchor or spigot

Note 1 to entry: The anchor(s) or spigot(s) may be an extension of the road stud body or a separate part(s)

supplied for the purpose. The principal load-bearing interface of the road stud and the road is between the surface

of the road and the underside of the road stud.
3.9
embedded road stud

road stud fixed into a prepared cavity of an appropriate dimension cut into the road surface

Note 1 to entry: The principal load-bearing interface of the road stud and the road is between a downward facing

surface of the road stud and an upward facing surface of the cavity.
3.10
type of road stud
road studs are designated in this document in accordance with Tables 1 and 2
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 1463-1:2022
EN 1463-1:2021 (E)
Table 1 — Designation of road studs by reflector
Retroreflector Type
Glass 1
Plastic 2
Plastic with abrasion resistant layer 3
NOTE The abrasion resistant layer is applied on the surface exposed to
traffic.
Table 2 — Designation of road studs by design
Design Type
Non depressible road stud A
Depressible road stud B
4 Characteristics
4.1 Night time visibility
4.1.1 General explanation to angles
Figure 1 is explaining the angles and axis referred to in this document.
Key
α is the observation angle (0,3°, 1°, 2°)
β is the entrance angle first axis (0°)
β is the entrance angle second axis (±5°, ±10°, ±15°)
1 is the illumination axis
2 is the observation axis
Figure 1 — Definition of angular array (α, β , β )
H V
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 1463-1:2022
EN 1463-1:2021 (E)
4.1.2 Retro-reflectivity
4.1.2.1 Coefficient of luminous intensity (R)

When assessing the coefficient of luminous intensity (R) this shall be determined according to 5.1.1.1.

The performance of coefficient of luminous intensity shall be expressed as a value. Each retroreflective

face of the road stud, regardless their design (type A or B), shall have, depending on their designation by

reflector (type 1, 2 or 3) and colour, a minimum value of coefficient of luminous intensity (R) according

to Table 3 as appropriate, provided that:

a) R value of any individual measurement is higher than 80 % of the specified minimum; and

b) R average value of the left (-) and right (+) measurements for the specific angle is higher than the

specified minimum.
Table 3 — Minimum R values for type 1, type 2 and type 3
under β = 0° road studs as new
Average of the left and
Entrance Observation
right (β ) measurements
angle angle
Minimum R
Colour of the
β α mcd · lx
reflector
β = 0° Type
1 2 3
±15° 2° 2 2,5 1,5
White ±10° 1° 10 25 10
±5° 0,3° 20 220 150
±15° 2° 1,2 1,5 0,9
Yellow ±10° 1° 6 15 6
±5° 0,3° 12 132 90
±15° 2° 1 1,25 0,75
Amber ±10° 1° 5 12,5 5
±5° 0,3° 10 110 75
±15° 2° 0,4 0,5 0,3
Red ±10° 1° 2 5 2
±5° 0,3° 4 44 30
±15° 2° 0,4 0,5 0,3
Green ±10° 1° 2 5 2
±5° 0,3° 4 44 30
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 1463-1:2022
EN 1463-1:2021 (E)
4.1.2.2 Chromaticity co-ordinates (x,y)

When measured as specified in 5.1.1.2, according to ISO/CIE 11664-1:2019 and ISO 11664-2:2007

(2° visual field) and with an entrance angle β = 0°, β = 5° and an observation angle of α = 0,3°, the

V H

chromaticity co-ordinates (x,y) of retroreflected radiation shall lie within the corresponding colour

region defined in Table 4.
Table 4 — Corner points of chromaticity regions for retroreflected radiation
of road studs as new
Colour of the Point x y
reflector
1 0,390 0,410
2 0,440 0,440
White
3 0,500 0,440
(uncoloured)
4 0,500 0,390
5 0,420 0,370
1 0,539 0,460
2 0,530 0,460
Yellow
3 0,580 0,410
4 0,589 0,410
1 0,549 0,450
2 0,543 0,450
Amber
3 0,590 0,395
4 0,605 0,395
1 0,665 0,335
2 0,645 0,335
Red
3 0,721 0,259
4 0,735 0,265
1 0,030 0,385
2 0,228 0,351
Green
3 0,321 0,493
4 0,302 0,692

If two of the points lie on the spectrum locus line, they should not be connected by a straight line but

should, in this case, be joined by the boundary of the spectrum focus.
4.2 Durability of retro-reflectivity

When measured according to 5.2, the retained performance of coefficient of luminous intensity shall be

expressed as a class in line with the classification given in EN 1463-2:2021.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 1463-1:2022
EN 1463-1:2021 (E)
5 Testing, assessment and sampling methods
5.1 Night time visibility
5.1.1 Retro-reflectivity
5.1.1.1 Coefficient of luminous intensity (R)

The performance assessment of the coefficient of luminous intensity (R value) shall be carried out

according to Annex A.
5.1.1.2 Chromaticity co-ordinates (x,y)
Chromaticity co-ordinates (x,y) shall be measured according to Annex B.
5.2 Durability of retro-reflectivity

The assessment of durability of retro-reflectivity shall be carried out by measuring the coefficient of

luminous intensity (R) in accordance with EN 1463-2:2021 at an observation angle of 0,3° and an

entrance angle of ±5°.
6 Assessment and verification of constancy of performance — AVCP
6.1 General
The technical details neces
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 1463-1:2020
01-februar-2020
Materiali za označevanje vozišča - Odsevniki - 1. del: Zahtevane lastnosti novih
odsevnikov

Road marking materials - Retroreflecting road studs - Part 1: Initial performance

requirements
Straßenmarkierungsmaterialien - Markierungsknöpfe - Teil 1: Anforderungen im
Neuzustand

Produits de marquage routier - Plots rétroréfléchissants - Partie 1 : Exigences initials de

performance
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 1463-1
ICS:
93.080.20 Materiali za gradnjo cest Road construction materials
oSIST prEN 1463-1:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 1463-1:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 1463-1:2020
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 1463-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
December 2019
ICS 93.080.20 Will supersede EN 1463-1:2009
English Version
Road marking materials - Retroreflecting road studs - Part
1: Initial performance requirements

Produits de marquage routier - Plots Straßenmarkierungsmaterialien - Markierungsknöpfe -

rétroréfléchissants - Partie 1 : Exigences initials de Teil 1: Anforderungen im Neuzustand

performance

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 226.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 1463-1:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 1463-1:2020
prEN 1463-1:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms, definitions and types ...................................................................................................................... 6

4 Performance characteristics and assessment methods .................................................................... 8

4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

4.2 Essential characteristics ............................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.1 Night time visibility ........................................................................................................................................ 9

4.2.2 Colorimetric characteristics for the retroreflective element ...................................................... 10

4.3 Durability ........................................................................................................................................................ 11

4.4 In use characteristics .................................................................................................................................. 11

4.4.1 Dimensions ..................................................................................................................................................... 11

4.4.2 Resilience of depressible road studs..................................................................................................... 12

5 Testing, assessment and sampling methods ...................................................................................... 12

5.1 Test method for the determination of the coefficient of luminous intensity ......................... 12

5.2 Test method for the determination of chromaticity coordinates of retroreflected

radiation .......................................................................................................................................................... 12

5.3 Test method for the determination of chromaticity coordinates and luminance

factor for daytime visibility ...................................................................................................................... 12

5.4 Test method for the determination of the resilience of depressible road studs .................. 13

6 Assessment and verification of constancy of performance — AVCP ......................................... 13

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13

6.2 Type testing .................................................................................................................................................... 13

6.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13

6.2.2 Test samples, testing and compliance criteria .................................................................................. 14

6.2.3 Test reports .................................................................................................................................................... 14

6.3 Factory production control (FPC) .......................................................................................................... 14

6.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 14

6.3.2 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 15

6.3.3 Product specific provisions ...................................................................................................................... 17

6.3.4 Initial inspection of factory and of FPC ................................................................................................ 18

6.3.5 Continuous surveillance of FPC ............................................................................................................... 18

6.3.6 Procedure for modifications .................................................................................................................... 18

6.3.7 One-off products, pre-production products (e.g. prototypes) and products produced

in very low quantity .................................................................................................................................... 19

Annex A (normative) Test method for the determination of the coefficient of luminous

intensity ........................................................................................................................................................... 20

A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 20

A.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 20

A.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 21

A.4 Calculation and expression of results ................................................................................................... 22

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 1463-1:2020
prEN 1463-1:2019 (E)

Annex B (normative) Test method for the determination of chromaticity coordinates of

retroreflected radiation ............................................................................................................................. 23

B.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 23

B.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 23

B.3 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 23

B.4 Calculation and expression of results ................................................................................................... 23

B.4.1 Spectral method ............................................................................................................................................ 23

B.4.2 Tristimulus method ..................................................................................................................................... 24

Annex C (normative) Test method for the determination of chromaticity coordinates and

luminance factor for daytime visibility ................................................................................................ 25

C.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 25

C.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 25

C.3 Measurement and calculation .................................................................................................................. 25

Annex D (informative) Test method for the determination of the resilience of depressible

road studs ........................................................................................................................................................ 26

D.1 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 26

D.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 26

D.3 Evaluation of the test ................................................................................................................................... 26

Annex E (informative) Temporary Road Studs ................................................................................................. 27

E.1 Night time visibility: Coefficient of luminous intensity (R value) ............................................... 27

E.2 Daytime visibility .......................................................................................................................................... 28

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship of this European Standard with Regulation (EU)

No. 305/2011 ................................................................................................................................................. 29

ZA.1 Scope and relevant characteristics ........................................................................................................ 29

ZA.2 System of Assessment and Verification of Constancy of Performance (AVCP) ...................... 29

ZA.3 Assignment of AVCP tasks ......................................................................................................................... 30

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 31

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 1463-1:2020
prEN 1463-1:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (prEN 1463-1:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 226 “Road

equipment”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.
This document is currently submitted to the Formal Vote.
This document will supersede EN 1463-1:2009.

This document has been prepared under a standardization given to CEN/CENELEC by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports basic work requirements of

Regulation (EU) Nr. 305/2011.
The main changes with respect to the previous edition are listed below:

— To adapt the structure of the standard to the new CEN rules when applying this document as a

harmonized standard under EU Regulation 305/2011. The wording and the Annex ZA have been

adapted to the CPR, following document TF N 687 rev1.

— The information from former Clause 3 “Terms and definitions” and Clause 4 ”Types of road stud”

have been integrated into Clause 3 “Terms, definitions and types”.

— The information from former Clause 5 “Performance requirements” have been restructured in the

Clause 4 “Performance characteristics and assessment methods” and clearly differentiates now

between “Essential characteristics” (i.e. those included in document: CEN/TC 226 N 1318) and

others grouped under the headline “In use characteristics”.
— Testing, assessment and sampling methods are listed in now Clause 5.

— Added Clause 6 – Assessment and verification of constancy of performance – AVCP, drafted

following document TF N 548 Rev1.

— Removed former Clause 7 ”Marking” as sufficient guidance is given in CPR and DoP.

— Drawings have been added in Clause 4 “Performance characteristics and assessment methods” to

avoid any misinterpretation.
— Added subclause 4.3 “Durability” to give a clear link to EN 1463-2.

— Added blue colour retroreflecting road studs in accordance with national standards.

— As temporary road studs do not require CE mark, respective paragraphs have been moved to

Annex E (informative).
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 1463-1:2020
prEN 1463-1:2019 (E)
Introduction

The development of this document has been prompted by the appearance of road studs which contain

an active element which emits light instead of, or as well as, reflecting light from headlights.

Road studs fulfil a very important function in providing guidance to drivers in conditions of darkness as

well as wet weather and poor visibility.

Retroreflective road studs are frequently used to supplement longitudinal road markings. They depend

for their brightness on the light from a vehicle's head lamps being reflected back towards the source.

Road studs may be permanent or temporary, and use a glass or plastic reflector, or a plastic reflector

with an abrasion resistant protective coating and fulfil several different photometric performance

requirements depending on the stud type. Their bodies are typically manufactured with plastic

polymers, although fully tempered solid glass (also defined as “safety glass”) are also used.

Road studs may also be depressible or non-depressible. In the former, the stud is mounted in a base unit

which is embedded into the carriageway. It is designed in such a way that a passing vehicle depresses

the stud thus wiping the reflectors clean by a “squeegee” action. Non-depressible studs with rigid

retroreflectors can be surface bonded or anchored using suitable adhesives, or embedded into the

carriageway using a base unit.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 1463-1:2020
prEN 1463-1:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies the performance characteristics and laboratory test methods for

retroreflecting road studs intended for use as permanent road marking materials.
This document does not cover non-retroreflective road studs.

Temporary road studs are also covered in a specific annex: Annex E (informative).

It also covers the relevant procedures for assessment and verification of the constancy of performance.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

prEN 1463-2:2019, Road marking materials — Retroreflecting road studs — Part 2: Road test

performance specifications
ISO/CIE 11664-1:2019, Colorimetry — Part 1: CIE standard colorimetric observers
ISO 11664-2:2007, Colorimetry — Part 2: CIE standard illuminants
CIE publication No. 054.2-2001, Retroreflection: Definition and measurement

IEC/CIE publication No. 017.4-1987, International lighting vocabulary, 4th ed. (Joint publication IEC/CIE)

3 Terms, definitions and types

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions in CIE publication 17.4:1987 apply

together with the following.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
retroreflecting road stud (called “road stud” in this document)

horizontal guiding device that reflects incident light by means of retroreflectors (see 3.2) in order to

warn, guide or inform road users

Note 1 to entry: Retroreflecting road studs may be constructed in either one or more integral parts and may be

bonded to, anchored within or embedded within the road surface. The retroreflecting portion may be

unidirectional or bidirectional, depressible or non depressible. This device may be either permanent (type P) or

temporary (type T).
3.2
retroreflector

device which reverses the direction of visible light striking it and returns it along a path substantially

parallel to its original path

Note 1 to entry: It may be made of glass (type 1), plastic (type 2) or plastic with an abrasion resistant surface

(type 3). It may have a reflective coating at the back.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 1463-1:2020
prEN 1463-1:2019 (E)
3.3
non depressible road stud

substantially rigid road stud not designed to deform under the passage of traffic (type A)

3.4
depressible road stud

road stud designed to have one or more parts which deform under traffic and recover to their original

geometry after removal of the traffic load (type B)
3.5
bonded road stud

road stud fixed to the road surface using an adhesive applied to the stud and/or to the road surface at

the time of installation
3.6
self-adhesive road stud
road stud precoated with adhesive

Note 1 to entry: An adhesion enhancer (see 3.7) may be required under some climatic conditions.

3.7
adhesion enhancer

additional coating on the load bearing surface of the road stud or on the road surface which improves

the performance of the adhesive bond
3.8
anchored road stud
road stud fixed to the road surface using an anchor or spigot

Note 1 to entry: The anchor(s) or spigot(s) may be an extension of the road stud body or a separate part(s)

supplied for the purpose. The principal load bearing interface of the road stud and the road is between the surface

of the road and the underside of the road stud.
3.9
embedded road stud

road stud fixed into a prepared cavity of an appropriate dimension cut into the road surface

Note 1 to entry: The principal load bearing interface of the road stud and the road is between a downward

facing surface of the road stud and an upward facing surface of the cavity.
3.10
types of road stud
road studs are designated in this document in accordance with Tables 1, 2 and 3
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 1463-1:2020
prEN 1463-1:2019 (E)
Table 1 — Designation of road studs by use
Use Type
Permanent road stud P
Temporary road stud T
Provides night-time warning guidance and information to road users.

Provides daytime and night-time warning guidance and information to the road user by

stimulating the use of three senses. It is received visually and can be heard and felt through

the rumble effect. Temporary road studs are used only at road construction/maintenance

sites.
Table 2 — Designation of road studs by reflector
Reflector Type
Glass 1
Plastic 2
Plastic with abrasion resistant layer 3
NOTE The abrasion resistant layer is applied on the surface exposed to traffic.
Table 3 — Designation of road studs by design
Design Type
Non depressible road stud A
Depressible road stud B
4 Performance characteristics and assessment methods
4.1 General

For safety reasons the enveloping profile of the road studs shall not present any sharp edges in use. In

addition, regardless the material used for manufacturing the body of the stud (plastic polymers, solid

glass etc.), it shall not break down into small chunks or jagged shards by the action of the traffic.

If the road stud consists of two or more parts, each replaceable part shall be removable only with a tool

recommended by the manufacturer.

The performance of the road studs is defined by the following characteristics: dimensions; night time

visibility; daytime visibility and resiliency.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 1463-1:2020
prEN 1463-1:2019 (E)
4.2 Essential characteristics
4.2.1 Night time visibility
4.2.1.1 General explanation to angles
Key
a observation angle 0,3°, 1°, 2°
b entrance angle ± 5°, ± 10°, ± 15°
c illumination angle 0°
Figure 1 — Definition of α, β , β
H v
4.2.1.2 Photometric characteristics

Photometric characteristics (coefficient of luminous intensity) shall be determined in accordance with

5.1.

The coefficient of luminous intensity (R) shall be determined in accordance with 5.1 (laboratory). Each

retroreflective face of the road stud shall have a coefficient of luminous intensity (R) as designated (see

Table 4) multiplied by the appropriate colour factor given in Table 5.
— class PRP 0 - no performance required;
— class PRP 1 - not less than given in Table 4.
Table 4 — Class PRP 1 – Minimum R values for type 1, type 2 and type 3
under β = 0° road studs as new
Entrance angle Observation Min. R
angle
βH -1
mcd · lx
βv = 0°
Type
1 2 3
± 15° 2° 2 2,5 1,5
± 10° 1° 10 25 10
± 5° 0,3° 20 220 150
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 1463-1:2020
prEN 1463-1:2019 (E)
Table 5 — Colour factors for the retroreflectors of road studs
Colour Colour factor
White 1,0
Yellow 0,6
Amber 0,5
Red 0,2
Green 0,2
Blue 0,1

A road stud shall not be considered to fail the photometric requirements if the measured coefficient of

luminous intensity at any one position of measurement is less than the values specified in Table 4

multiplied by the respective colour factor given in Table 5 provided that:
a) the value is not less than 80 % of the specified minimum;

b) the average of the left (-) and right (+) measurements for the specific angle is greater than the

specified minimum.
4.2.2 Colorimetric characteristics for the retroreflective element

The chromaticity coordinates of retroreflected radiation of a road stud shall be determined in

accordance with 5.2.

Measurements shall be carried out in accordance with ISO/CIE 11664-1:2019 and ISO 11664-2:2007

(2° visual field) and with an entrance angle β = 0°, β = 5° and an observation angle of α = 0,3°.

V H

The retroreflected radiation of a road stud shall be classified as follows and have chromaticity

coordinates that lie within the permitted regions defined in Table 6.
— class NCR 0 - no performance required;
— class NCR 1 - as specified in Table 6.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 1463-1:2020
prEN 1463-1:2019 (E)

Table 6 — Corner points of chromaticity regions for retroreflected radiation of permanent and

temporary road studs as new – class NCR1
Point x y
ill necessary
White 1 0,390 0,410
(uncoloured)
2 0,440 0,440
3 0,500 0,440
4 0,500 0,390
5 0,420 0,370
Yellow 1 0,539 0,460
2 0,530 0,460
3 0,580 0,410
4 0,589 0,410
Amber 1 0,549 0,450
2 0,543 0,450
3 0,590 0,395
4 0,605 0,395
Red 1 0,665 0,335
2 0,645 0,335
3 0,721 0,259
4 0,735 0,265
Green 1 0,030 0,385
2 0,228 0,351
3 0,321 0,493
4 0,302 0,692
Blue 1 0,090 0,137
2 0,186 0,214
3 0,233 0,167
4 0,148 0,025
NOTE If two of the points lie on the spectrum locus line, they shall not be

connected by a straight line but shall, in this case, be joined by the boundary of the

spectrum locus.
4.3 Durability

The durability of retroreflecting road studs shall be tested in a field trial in accordance with

prEN 1463-2:2019 involving 50 road studs.

The result of the test is expressed by the percentage of remaining conforming retroreflecting road

studs.
4.4 In use characteristics
4.4.1 Dimensions

The height of that part of a road stud designed to be above the road surface shall be as follows:

---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 1463-1:2020
prEN 1463-1:2019 (E)
— class H 0 - no performance required;
— class H 1 - up to 18 mm;
— class H 2 - from more than 18 mm to 20 mm;
— class H 3 - from more than 20 mm to 25 mm.
NOTE 1 Class H 0 road studs are not intended to be subjected to traffic load.

Maximum horizontal dimensions of that part of a road stud which is exposed to traffic after

installation are classified as follows:
— class HD 0 - no performance required;
— class HD 1 - in the direction of travel: length 250 mm, width 190 mm;
— class HD 2 - in the direction of travel: length 320 mm, width 230 mm.

NOTE 2 Class HD 0 road studs are intended for use when other functional needs of the road stud are required

(e.g. to be snowploughed).

Minimum horizontal dimensions of that part of a temporary road stud which is exposed to traffic

after installation are classified as follows:
— class HDT 0 - no performance required;
— class HDT 1 - in the direction of travel: length 35 mm, width 84 mm.
— class HDT 2 - in the direction of travel: length 75 mm, width 90 mm.
4.4.2 Resilience of depressible road studs

The resilience of a depressible road stud shall be determined in accordance with 5.4.

The depressible road studs shall show no breakdown of the depressing action and no permanent

deformation of such an extent that the retroreflecting part is permanently obscured, even partially.

5 Testing, assessment and sampling methods
5.1 Test method for the determination of the coefficient of luminous intensity

For laboratory test method for the determination of coefficient of luminous intensity please refer to

Annex A.

5.2 Test method for the determination of chromaticity coordinates of retroreflected

radiation

For test method for the determination of chromaticity coordinates of retroreflected radiation please

refer to Annex B.

5.3 Test method for the determination of chromaticity coordinates and luminance factor

for daytime visibility

For test method for the determination of chromaticity coordinates and luminance factor for daytime

visibility please refer to Annex C.
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 1463-1:2020
prEN 1463-1:2019 (E)

5.4 Test method for the determination of the resilience of depressible road studs

For test method for the determination of the resilience of depressible road studs please refer to

Annex D.
6 Assessment and verification of constancy of performance — AVCP
6.1 General

The compliance of retroreflecting road studs with the requirements of this document and with the

performances declared by the manufacturer in the DoP shall be demonstrated by:
— determination of the product type;
— factory production control by the manufacturer, including product assessment.

The manufacturer shall always retain the overall control and shall have the necessary means to take

responsibility for the conformity of the product with its declared performance(s).

6.2 Type testing
6.2.1 General

All performances related to characteristics included in this document shall be dete

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.