This document specifies a method for measuring the bulk density of pavement mixtures using a transmission-type gamma radiation test bench.
This method applies to cylindrical specimens or blocks, prepared in a laboratory or cut from a pavement, the thickness and the mass absorption coefficient which is a function of the chemical composition are known. The thickness of the specimen body traversed by the radiation shall be between 30 mm and 300 mm.
The method cannot be applied to materials containing slags, with variable metal content or chemical composition.
NOTE   Material containing metal or chemical compositions can affect the absorption of gamma rays.

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This document describes a test method to determine the friction at 60 km/h after polishing during a fixed number of passes on surfaces of bituminous mixtures samples, or to follow its evolution as a function of the number of polishing passes.
The samples used are either produced in a laboratory or are cores taken from the site.
NOTE   This procedure was previously known as Wehner and Schulze method (see [1]).

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This document specifies a test method for the determination of the mixing quality and the tendency of segregation in composition of hot bituminous mixtures. This test method is considered suitable for mix-design purposes and for client information.
NOTE   This test method is based on hot bituminous mixtures. There is no experience for other types of bituminous mixtures, e.g. asphalt concrete with bituminous emulsions.

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This document specifies the performance characteristics and laboratory test methods for retroreflecting road studs intended for use as permanent road marking materials.
This document does not cover non-retroreflective road studs.
Temporary road studs are also covered in a specific annex: Annex E (informative).
It also covers the relevant procedures for assessment and verification of the constancy of performance.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the relationship between the dry density and water content of a mixture using vibrating hammer compaction.
This document applies to mixtures which contain no more than 10 % by mass of the mixture retained on the 40 mm test sieve.
This document also describes the procedure for calculating and plotting the curves corresponding to 0, 5 and 10 % air voids.

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This document specifies the test methods for the laboratory determination of the California bearing ratio and immediate bearing index.
The tests are appropriate to that part of the mixture up to a maximum particle size of 22,4 mm.
When immersion in water is specified as part of the curing of the specimen, this document also includes the determination of vertical swelling of the specimen before the determination of the California bearing ratio.

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This document describes a test method for the determination of the compressive strength of specimens of hydraulically bound mixtures. This document applies to specimens manufactured in the laboratory or prepared from cores.

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This document specifies a number of test methods for the determination of the relationship between the water content and the density of unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures under specified test conditions. The test results provide an estimate of the mixture density that can be achieved and provides a reference parameter for assessing the density of the compacted layer of the mixture.
The test results are used as a basis for specifying requirements for hydraulically bound and unbound mixtures.
The test result also allows a conclusion to be drawn as to the water content at which a mixture can be satisfactorily compacted in order to achieve a given density.

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This European Standard specifies test methods for determining the bond strength between an asphalt layer and other newly constructed construction layers or existing substrates in road or airfield pavements. The tests can also be applied on laboratory prepared interlayers. Further informative test methods are defined for evaluating the complex bond stiffness between road construction layers.
The normative tests described in this standard are
- Torque Bond Test (TBT), generally applicable to any layer thicknesses
- Shear Bond Test (SBT), generally applicable to layer thicknesses ≥ 15 mm
- Tensile Adhesion Test (TAT), generally applicable to layer thicknesses < 15 mm
NOTE 1: Further non normative test methods are described in informative annexes:
- Annex A (informative) - Compressed shear bond test (CSBT)
- Annex B (informative) - Cyclic compressed shear bond test (CCSBT)
- Annex C (informative) - Alternative Shear bond test (ASBT)
- Annex D (informative) - Layer Adhesion Measuring Instrument (LAMI)

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This document describes methods for checking laser profilometer performance with respect to the capability of such equipment in measuring pavement texture. The objective of this document is to make available an internationally accepted procedure by which performance of various laser-based equipment for pavement texture measurements can be evaluated. The document includes guidelines and recommendations intended to assist users of laser profilometers in verification of their equipment. This document is not intended as the basis for qualifying or approving laser profilometers. The procedure aims at providing tools for verifying that such systems perform satisfactory in all respects important for the correct measurements of texture, as well as to detect when and in what way the performance is unsatisfactory. This document also provides some general information about the limitations and trade-offs of laser profilometer systems. Modern profilometers in use for measurements on pavements are almost entirely of the contactless type (such as laser point or line triangulation) designed for two- or three-dimensional measurements, and this document is intended for evaluating the performance of this type of profilometers. However, some other contactless types of profilometer can use applicable parts of ISO 13473. This document has been prepared as a result of a need identified to correct for unacceptable differences in results measured by various equipment, even if the operators of these claim that they meet the applicable part of ISO 13473. It is not intended for other applications than pavement texture measurement. To be able to exclude errors influenced by programming mistakes or wrong interpretation of ISO 13473‑1 a reference program code, digital profiles and calculated reference MPD-values can be reached via Annex A. This document is a complement to other parts of ISO 13473 in which some specifications are given but methods to check them are not included.

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This document describes a test method for carrying out road trials on retroreflecting road studs for use in permanent applications. Specifications are given for test sites and for application patterns, and a recommendation is given for the presentation of the results in the form of a test report.
Temporary road studs are covered in Annex D (informative).

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This European Standard specifies a visual method of determining the amount and components of coarse foreign matter in reclaimed asphalt. A method for determining the amount and components of finer foreign matter in reclaimed asphalt is given in Annex A. This method does not completely categorise the foreign matter that can occur in asphalt.
NOTE 1   For the use of reclaimed asphalt in asphalt mixtures, it is important to know the components in the reclaimed asphalt and to what extent coarse foreign matter is present that can influence the properties of the asphalt mix.
NOTE 2   The method is not intended to categorise all foreign materials but rather to ensure that the amount of coarse foreign materials are minimised.

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This document covers testing of physical properties of road marking materials by laboratory methods.
The products covered and specified by this document are white and yellow paint, thermoplastic and cold plastic materials, with or without premix glass beads, to be used for permanent and/or temporary road markings on highways and other areas used by vehicular traffic. Other products and colours intended for road markings are not covered in this document.
It is not essential that all physical properties listed in this document are specified.

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This document specifies the requirements for conducting road trials for road marking materials intended for use in both permanent and temporary road marking. Details are given for test sites, for the application of road marking materials on the test sites, for the parameters to be measured and the frequency of the measurements and for the presentation of the results in the form of a test report.

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This European Standard specifies a test method for determining the dimensions of cylindrical, rectangular or non-rectangular bituminous test specimens by measurement.
The applicability of this European Standard is described in the product standards for bituminous mixtures.
The test is is applicable to laboratory-made specimens, trimmed by sawing, or specimens from cores cut from the road, trimmed by sawing.

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This document describes test methods for the determination of the soluble binder content of samples of bituminous mixtures.
The test methods described are suitable for quality control purposes during the production of plant mix and for checking compliance with a product specification.
For the analysis of mixtures containing modified binders, the guidance of Annex D should be followed.

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This document describes test methods for determining the susceptibility of bituminous materials to deform under load. The test is applicable to mixtures with upper sieve size less than or equal to 32 mm.
The tests are applicable to specimens that have either been manufactured in a laboratory or cut from a pavement; test specimens are held in a mould with their surface flush with the upper edge of the mould.
The susceptibility of bituminous materials to deform is assessed by the rut formed by repeated passes of a loaded wheel at constant temperature. Three alternative types of device can be used according to this standard: large size devices, extra large size devices and small size devices. With large-size devices and extra large size devices, the specimens are conditioned in air during testing. With small-size devices, specimens are conditioned, in either air or water.
NOTE   Large size and extra large size devices are not suitable for use with cylindrical cores.

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This European Standard specifies a test method for measuring the indentation of mastic asphalt when it is penetrated at a given temperature, load and for a fixed time period by a standardised cylindrical indentor pin with a circular flat-ended base. This European Standard applies to mastic asphalt with aggregates of maximum nominal size less or equal to 16 mm

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This European Standard describes test methods for determining the bulk density of a compacted bituminous specimen. The test methods are intended for use with laboratory compacted specimens or specimens from the pavement after placement and compacting, either by coring or sawing.
This European Standard describes the following four procedures, the choice of which is used being dependent on the estimated content and accessibility of voids in the specimen:
1. bulk density — dry (for specimens with a very closed surface);
2. bulk density — saturated surface dry (SSD) (for specimens with a closed surface);
3. bulk density — sealed specimen (for specimens with an open or coarse surface);
4. bulk density by dimensions (for specimens with a regular surface and with geometric shapes, i.e. squares, rectangles, cylinders, etc.).
NOTE Annex A (informative) gives general guidance on selecting the appropriate procedure.

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This European Standard specifies uniaxial tension tests for characterising the resistance of an asphalt mixture against low temperature cracking. The results of the uniaxial tension tests can be used to evaluate the following:
- tensile strength at a specified temperature, using the uniaxial tension stress test (UTST);
- minimum temperature that the asphalt can resist before failure, using the thermal stress restrained specimen test (TSRST);
- tensile strength reserve at a specified temperature (using a combination of TSRST and UTST);
- relaxation time, using the relaxation test (RT);
- creep curve to back calculate rheological parameters, using the tensile creep tests (TCT);
- fatigue resistance at low temperatures due to the combination of cryogenic and mechanical loads, using the uniaxial cyclic tension stress tests (UCTST).

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This European Standard describes a test method for the determination of the water content of samples of bituminous mixtures. The test method is suitable for checking conformity to a product specification, where required.

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This document describes a test method for the determination of the binder content of samples of bituminous mixtures by ignition. As such, it is an alternative to the more traditional method of extracting the binder using solvents. The method can be used for evaluation of mixture composition because the remaining aggregate can be used for determining aggregate gradation and density, provided
excessive breakdown of the aggregate particles does not occur at the temperature reached.
The results can be used for process control or checks on the compliance of mixtures. However, the need for calibration of a mixture, either on the complete mixture or on each of its component materials separately, before an analysis can be carried out makes this method easier to use with regularly used mixtures rather than with an extensive range of different mixtures from different aggregate sources.
The test method is equally suitable for the analysis of mixtures containing unmodified or modified binders because the method has to be calibrated for each mixture being checked when calibration on mixtures is used. In case of doubt/dispute, the determination of the calibration value based on laboratory-prepared bituminous mixtures (see A.1 and A.2) is the reference method.

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This European Standard describes a method to determine the in-situ relative hydraulic conductivity, at specific locations, of a road surfacing that is designed to be permeable. An estimate of the average value for the surfacing is obtained from the mean value of a number of determinations on each section of road.
The test measures the ability to drain water (drainability) achieved in-situ of a surfacing. As such, it can be used as a compliance check to ensure that a permeable surface course has the required properties when it is laid. The test can also be used subsequently to establish the change of drainage ability with time.
For the test to be valid, the surface of the test area should be clean and free from detritus. Measurements can be made when a road is either wet or dry, but not if it is in a frozen state.

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This European Standard specifies a test method for determining the stability, flow and the Marshall Quotient values of specimens of bituminous mixtures mixed according to EN 12697-35 and prepared using the impact compactor method of test EN 12697-30. It is limited to dense graded asphalt concrete and hot rolled asphalt

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This European Standard specifies a test method for determining the depth of indentation of mastic asphalt and other asphalt, when force is applied to them via a cylindrical indentor pin with a circular flat-ended base. This European Standard applies to aggregates of maximum nominal size less or equal to 16 mm.

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This European Standard describes test methods for preparing test portions for the determination of the binder, water content and grading of samples of bituminous mixtures, when the sample submitted to the laboratory has a mass greater than or equal to four times the test portion

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This European Standard specifies a test method to assess the durability of adhesion in base and binder course asphalt mixtures. The Saturation Ageing Tensile Stiffness (SATS) conditioning regime is used to age the specimens in the presence of water. A comparative test for assessing their performance before and after conditioning is also conducted. The applicability of this test method is limited to
bituminous specimens with consistent air voids contents and hard binder, in particular, to asphalt concrete mixtures with a binder content between 3,5 % and 5,5 %, air voids contents between 6 % and 10 % and 10/20 pen hard paving grade bitumen. The test is intended to be used as a screening test for the assessment of a combination of aggregate, filler and additives with respect to the
retained adhesion properties after simulated ageing in a moist atmosphere for lean/stiff base and binder course mixtures.
NOTE Alternative conditions for mixtures with binders other than 10/20 hard grade bitumen or other situations not covered by this European Standard are being developed.

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This European Standard specifies a method for determining the vertical and horizontal permeability of cylindrical pecimens of bituminous mixtures with interconnecting voids. The standard applies to specimens cored out of the road, specimens from laboratory made slabs or laboratory specimens prepared with a compaction device provided the thickness of the specimen is not less than twice the nominal maximum particle size of the aggregate in the mixture. The nominal diameter of specimens should be either 100 mm or 150 mm unless the nominal maximum particle size of the aggregate size exceeds 22 mm, when the nominal diameter is 150 mm.

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This European Standard specifies procedures for the determination of the affinity between aggregate and bitumen and its influence on the susceptibility of the combination to stripping. This property is intended to be of assistance to the designer for mixture design rather than as a type test. Susceptibility to stripping, as determined by these procedures, is an indirect measure of the power of a binder to adhere to various aggregates, or of various binders to adhere to a given aggregate. The procedures can also be used to evaluate the effect of moisture on a given aggregate-binder combination with or without adhesion agents including liquids, such as amines, and fillers, such as hydrated lime or cement.
In the rolling bottle method, the affinity is expressed by visual registration of the degree of bitumen coverage on uncompacted bitumen-coated mineral aggregate particles after influence of mechanical stirring action in the presence of water.
NOTE 1 The rolling bottle test is a simple but subjective test and suitable for routine testing. It is not appropriate for aggregates that are highly abrasive.
In the static test method, the affinity is expressed by visual registration of the degree of bitumen coverage on uncompacted bitumen-coated mineral aggregate particles after storage in water.
NOTE 2 The static test is a simple, though subjective test that is generally less precise, but that can cope with high PSV-aggregates.
In the boiling water stripping test method, the affinity is expressed by determining the degree of bitumen-coverage on uncompacted bitumen-coated aggregate after immersion in boiling water under specified conditions.
NOTE 3 The boiling water stripping test is an objective test and has a high precision. However, it is a more specialist test because it requires greater skill of the operatives and uses chemicals as reagent. The latter point may also imply extra health and safety considerations.
NOTE 4 The boiling water stripping test procedure can be used for any binder-aggregate combinations in which the mineral aggregate is calcareous, silico-calcareous or siliceous by nature.

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This document describes test methods for the determination of the soluble binder content of samples of bituminous mixtures.
The test methods described are suitable for quality control purposes during the production of plant mix and for checking compliance with a product specification.
For the analysis of mixtures containing modified binders, the guidance of Annex D should be followed.

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This document describes test methods for determining the susceptibility of bituminous materials to deform under load. The test is applicable to mixtures with upper sieve size less than or equal to 32 mm.
The tests are applicable to specimens prepared from asphalt mixtures that have either been manufactured in a laboratory or cut from a pavement; test specimens are held in a mould with their surface flush with the upper edge of the mould.
The susceptibility of bituminous materials to deform is assessed by the rut formed by repeated passes of a loaded wheel at constant temperature. Three alternative types of device can be used according to this standard: large-size devices, extra large-size devices and small-size devices. With large-size devices and extra large-size devices, the specimens are conditioned in air during testing. With small-size devices, specimens are conditioned, in either air or water.
NOTE   Large-size and extra large-size devices are not suitable for use with cylindrical cores.

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This document specifies a test method for determining the depth of indentation of mastic asphalt and other asphalt, when force is applied to them via a cylindrical indentor pin with a circular flat-ended base. This document applies to aggregates of maximum nominal size less than or equal to 16 mm.

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This document specifies procedures for the determination of the affinity between aggregate and bitumen and its influence on the susceptibility of the combination to stripping. This property is intended to be of assistance to the designer for mixture design rather than as a type test. Susceptibility to stripping, as determined by these procedures, is an indirect measure of the power of a binder to adhere to various aggregates, or of various binders to adhere to a given aggregate. The procedures can also be used to evaluate the effect of moisture on a given aggregate-binder combination with or without adhesion agents including liquids, such as amines, and fillers, such as hydrated lime or cement.
In the rolling bottle method, the affinity is expressed by visual registration of the degree of bitumen coverage on uncompacted bitumen-coated mineral aggregate particles after influence of mechanical stirring action in the presence of water.
NOTE 1   The rolling bottle test is a simple but subjective test and suitable for routine testing. It is not appropriate for aggregates that are highly abrasive.
In the static test method, the affinity is expressed by visual registration of the degree of bitumen coverage on uncompacted bitumen-coated mineral aggregate particles after storage in water.
NOTE 2   The static test is a simple, though subjective test that is generally less precise, but that can cope with high PSV-aggregates.
In the boiling water stripping test method, the affinity is expressed by determining the degree of bitumen-coverage on uncompacted bitumen-coated aggregate after immersion in boiling water under specified conditions.
NOTE 3   The boiling water stripping test is an objective test and has a high precision. However, it is a more specialist test because it requires greater skill of the operatives and uses chemicals as reagent. The latter point might also imply extra health and safety considerations.
NOTE 4   The boiling water stripping test procedure can be used for any binder-aggregate combinations in which the mineral aggregate is calcareous, silico-calcareous or siliceous by nature.

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This document specifies a test method for measuring the indentation of mastic asphalt when it is penetrated at a given temperature, load and for a fixed time period by a standardized cylindrical indentor pin with a circular flat-ended base. This document applies to mastic asphalt with aggregates of maximum nominal size less than or equal to 16 mm.

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This document describes a test method for the determination of the water content of samples of bituminous mixtures. The test method is suitable for checking conformity to a product specification, where required.

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This document specifies uniaxial tension tests for characterizing the resistance of an asphalt mixture against low temperature cracking. The results of the uniaxial tension tests can be used to evaluate the following:
-   tensile strength at a specified temperature, using the uniaxial tension stress test (UTST);
-   minimum temperature that the asphalt can resist before failure, using the thermal stress restrained specimen test (TSRST);
-   tensile strength reserve at a specified temperature (using a combination of TSRST and UTST);
-   relaxation time, using the relaxation test (RT);
-   creep curve to back calculate rheological parameters, using the tensile creep tests (TCT);
-   fatigue resistance at low temperatures due to the combination of cryogenic and mechanical loads, using the uniaxial cyclic tension stress tests (UCTST).

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This document specifies a method for determining the vertical and horizontal permeability of cylindrical specimens of bituminous mixtures with interconnecting voids. The document applies to specimens cored out of the road, specimens from laboratory made slabs or laboratory specimens prepared with a compaction device provided the thickness of the specimen is not less than twice the nominal maximum particle size of the aggregate in the mixture. The nominal diameter of specimens should be either 100 mm or 150 mm unless the nominal maximum particle size of the aggregate size exceeds 22 mm, when the nominal diameter is 150 mm.

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This document specifies a test method for determining the stability, flow and the Marshall quotient values of specimens of bituminous mixtures mixed according to EN 12697-35 and prepared using the impact compactor method of test EN 12697-30. It is limited to dense graded asphalt concrete and hot rolled asphalt.

  • Standard
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This document describes a method to determine the in situ relative hydraulic conductivity, at specific locations, of a road surfacing that is designed to be permeable. An estimate of the average value for the surfacing is obtained from the mean value of a number of determinations on each section of road.
The test measures the ability to drain water (drainability) achieved in situ of a surfacing. As such, it can be used as a compliance check to ensure that a permeable surface course has the required properties when it is laid. The test can also be used subsequently to establish the change of drainage ability with time.
For the test to be valid, the surface of the test area should be clean and free from detritus. Measurements can be made when a road is either wet or dry, but not if it is in a frozen state.

  • Standard
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This document describes a test method for the determination of the binder content of samples of bituminous mixtures by ignition. As such, it is an alternative to the more traditional method of extracting the binder using solvents. The method can be used for evaluation of mixture composition because the remaining aggregate can be used for determining aggregate gradation and density, provided excessive breakdown of the aggregate particles does not occur at the temperature reached. The results can be used for process control or checks on the compliance of mixtures. However, the need for calibration of a mixture, either on the complete mixture or on each of its component materials separately, before an analysis can be carried out makes this method easier to use with regularly used mixtures rather than with an extensive range of different mixtures from different aggregate sources. The test method is equally suitable for the analysis of mixtures containing unmodified or modified binders because the method has to be calibrated for each mixture being checked when calibration on mixtures is used. In case of doubt/dispute, the determination of the calibration value based on laboratory-prepared bituminous mixtures (see A.1 and A.2) is the reference method.

  • Standard
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This document specifies a test method to assess the durability of adhesion in base and binder course asphalt mixtures. The Saturation Ageing Tensile Stiffness (SATS) conditioning regime is used to age the specimens in the presence of water. A comparative test for assessing their performance before and after conditioning is also conducted.
The applicability of this test method is limited to bituminous specimens with consistent air voids contents and hard binder, in particular, to asphalt concrete mixtures with a binder content between 3,5 % and 5,5 %, air voids contents between 6 % and 10 % and 10/20 pen hard paving grade bitumen.
The test is intended to be used as a screening test for the assessment of a combination of aggregate, filler and additives with respect to the retained adhesion properties after simulated ageing in a moist atmosphere for lean/stiff base and binder course mixtures.

  • Standard
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This document describes test methods for preparing test portions for the determination of the binder, water content and grading of samples of bituminous mixtures, when the sample submitted to the laboratory has a mass greater than or equal to four times the test portion.

  • Standard
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This document specifies test methods for determining the bulk density of a compacted bituminous specimen. The test methods are intended for use with laboratory compacted specimens or specimens from the pavement after placement and compacting, either by coring or sawing.
This document specifies the following four procedures, the choice of which is used being dependent on the estimated content and accessibility of voids in the specimen:
a)   bulk density - dry (for specimens with a very closed surface);
b)   bulk density - saturated surface dry (SSD) (for specimens with a closed surface);
c)   bulk density - sealed specimen (for specimens with an open or coarse surface);
d)   bulk density by dimensions (for specimens with a regular surface and with geometric shapes, i.e. squares, rectangles, cylinders, etc.).
NOTE   Annex A (informative) gives general guidance on selecting the appropriate procedure.

  • Standard
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This European Standard describes a series of accelerated protocols for curing of bituminous mixtures with bitumen emulsion in order to assess their properties.
The protocols should be selected according to the type of mixture, the type of specimen, the test to be carried out and the conditions of the place of use.
This European Standard applies on mixtures, specimens and cores, prepared in the laboratory and/or taken from the worksite.
The laboratory curing procedure is designed for asphalt mixtures containing bitumen emulsions, but it could also be used for other types of asphalt mixture that require curing in order to reach their potential strength.

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies requirements for plant mixtures of the mix group Asphalt concrete with bituminous emulsion for use on roads, and other trafficked areas. Asphalt concrete with bituminous emulsion is used for surface courses, binder courses, regulating courses, and bases. It is a mixture in which mechanical properties evolve over time following installation. This is not just in terms of cooling, as other asphalts, but also includes curing effects.
NOTE   Asphalt concrete with bituminous emulsion is a mixture in which mechanical properties evolve over time following installation because of curing.
Mixtures utilizing bituminous emulsion based on in situ recycling are not covered by this standard.
This European Standard includes requirements for the selection of the constituent materials. It is designed to be read in conjunction with:
-   Annex A Product Type Assessment (Normative);
-   Annex B Performance characteristic assessment (Informative);
-   Annex C Factory Production Control (Normative).

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The aim of the test is to determine the cohesion increase of a bituminous mixture in fixed temperature and hygrometry conditions, using a spreadability-meter.
This European Standard specifies a method to measure the spreadability characteristics of asphalt which are able to vary with time. It may be used for the determination of the delay between manufacturing and laying. It is intended to be assistance for mixture design rather than a type test.
This European Standard applies to bituminous mixtures both those made up in laboratory and those resulting from work site sampling, with an upper aggregate size not larger than 31,5 mm. It is not applicable to mastic asphalt.

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This European Standard defines three procedures to evaluate the compatibility of the constituent materials of a bituminous mixture with bitumen emulsion. These organoleptic methods can be used together to evaluate the compatibility of the constituent materials after a hand mixing procedure for given emulsion and water content:
-   Method A describes a test method to determine visually the degree of coating;
-   Method B describes a test method to determine the hydric aspect;
-   Method C describes a test method to determine the consistency.
This European Standard applies on mixtures prepared in laboratory or taken from the plant.

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This European Standard specifies a method for compacting cylindrical specimens of bituminous mixtures, to be used for subsequent testing. A given mass of bituminous mixture is compacted in a cylindrical mould by applying static compression loads on the top and the bottom of the specimen.

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