Helmets for alpine skiers and snowboarders
This European Standard is applicable to performance requirements and tests for two classes of helmets for alpine skiers, snowboarders and for similar groups, including children and participants in competitions. The standard comprises two different classes of protection, class A and class B.
Requirements and the corresponding methods of test, where appropriate, are given for the following:
- construction including field of vision;
- shock absorbing properties;
- resistance to penetration;
- retention system properties;
- marking and information.
Helme für alpine Skiläufer und für Snowboarder
Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Anforderungen an die Funktionstauglichkeit und für die Prüfung von zwei Klassen von Helmen für alpine Skiläufer, Snowboarder und ähnliche Gruppen, einschließlich Kinder und Teilnehmer an Wettkämpfen. Die Norm umfasst zwei unterschiedliche Schutzklassen: Klasse A und Klasse B.
Anforderungen und die entsprechenden Prüfverfahren, falls gegeben, betreffen
Konstruktion, einschließlich Sichtfeld,
Eigenschaften der Trageeinrichtung,
Kennzeichnung und Information.
Casques pour skieurs de ski alpin et de surf des neiges
La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences relatives à la performance et aux essais de deux classes de casques destinées aux skieurs de ski alpin, aux skieurs de surf des neiges et aux groupes similaires, y compris les enfants et les skieurs de compétition. La norme comprend deux classes différentes de protection : la classe A et la classe B.
Les exigences et les méthodes d’essai correspondantes, le cas échéant, couvrent les aspects suivants :
la construction, y compris le champ de vision ;
les propriétés en matière d’absorption des chocs ;
la résistance à la pénétration ;
les caractéristiques du système de rétention ;
le marquage et l’information.
Čelade za alpske smučarje in deskarje na snegu
Standards Content (Sample)
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Helmets for alpine skiers and snowboardersCasques pour skieurs de ski alpin et de surf nes neigesHelme für alpine Skiläufer und für SnowboarderTa slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 1077:2007SIST EN 1077:2007en,fr,de97.220.20Oprema za zimske športeWinter sports equipment13.340.20Varovalna oprema za glavoHead protective equipmentICS:SIST EN 1077:19961DGRPHãþDSLOVENSKI
STANDARDSIST EN 1077:200701-oktober-2007
EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN 1077August 2007ICS 13.340.20Supersedes EN 1077:1996
English VersionHelmets for alpine skiers and snowboardersCasques pour skieurs de ski alpin et de surf nes neigesHelme für alpine Skiläufer und für SnowboarderThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 17 February 2007.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as theofficial versions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre: rue de Stassart, 36
B-1050 Brussels© 2007 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN 1077:2007: E
EN 1077:2007 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword.4 Introduction.5 1 Scope.6 2 Normative references.6 3 Terms and definitions.6 4 Requirements.7 4.1 Materials.7 4.2 Construction.8 4.2.1 General.8 4.2.2 Retention system.8 4.3 Field of vision.9 4.4 Extent of coverage.9 4.4.1 Class A.9 4.4.2 Class B.9 4.5 Shock absorbing capacity.11 4.6 Resistance to penetration.11 4.7 Retention system performance.11 4.7.1 Strength.11 4.7.2 Effectiveness.11 4.8 Durability.11 5 Testing.11 5.1 Sampling.11 5.2 Inspection and determination of mass.12 5.3 Conditioning.12 5.3.1 Room conditioning.12 5.3.2 Low temperature conditioning.12 5.3.3 Artificial ageing.12 5.4 Test areas.13 5.4.1 General.13 5.4.2 Test area for class A.13 5.4.3 Test area for class B.13 5.5 Determination of shock absorbing capacity.14 5.5.1 Apparatus.14 5.5.2 Procedure.15 5.6 Determination of resistance to penetration.15 5.6.1 Apparatus.15 5.6.2 Procedure.16 5.7 Determination of retention system strength.16 5.7.1 Apparatus.16 5.7.2 Procedure.16 5.8 Determination of retention system effectiveness.16 5.8.1 Apparatus.16 5.8.2 Procedure.16 5.9 Test report.16 6 Marking.17
EN 1077:2007 (E) 3 7 Information to be supplied by the manufacturer.17 Annex ZA (informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 89/686/EEC.18 Bibliography.19
EN 1077:2007 (E) 4 Foreword This document (EN 1077:2007) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 158 “Head protection”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2008, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by February 2008. This document supersedes EN 1077:1996. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 89/686/EEC. For relationship with EU Directive, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EN 1077:2007 (E) 5 Introduction The intention of helmets is to reduce the risk of injury to the skull and part of the head surrounded by the helmet. The protection given by a helmet depends on the circumstances of the accident and wearing a helmet cannot always prevent death or long term disability. A proportion of the energy of an impact is absorbed by the helmet, thereby reducing the force of the blow sustained by the head. The structure of the helmet may be damaged in absorbing this energy and any helmet that sustains a severe blow should be replaced even if damage is not apparent. To achieve the performance of which it is capable, and to ensure stability on the head, a helmet should be as closely fitting as possible consistent with comfort. In use it is essential that the helmet is securely fastened, with any chin strap under proper tension at all times. Although the experience of the existing standard for alpine skiers is very good, it has become more and more obvious that there is a need for an alternative standard that can meet the demand from skiers and snowboarders who desire more ventilation and better hearing. This has resulted in two classes of helmets, class A and class B. Compared to class B, class A protects a larger area of the head and offers a higher degree of protection from penetration.
EN 1077:2007 (E) 6 1 Scope This European Standard is applicable to performance requirements and tests for two classes of helmets for alpine skiers, snowboarders and for similar groups, including children and participants in competitions. The standard comprises two different classes of protection, class A and class B. Requirements and the corresponding methods of test, where appropriate, are given for the following: construction including field of vision; shock absorbing properties; resistance to penetration; retention system properties; marking and information. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 960, Headforms for use in the testing of protective helmets EN 13087-2:2000, Protective helmets — Test methods — Part 2: Shock absorption EN 13087-3:2000, Protective helmets — Test methods — Part 3: Resistance to penetration EN 13087-4:2000, Protective helmets — Test methods — Part 4: Retention system effectiveness EN 13087-5:2000, Protective helmets — Test methods — Part 5: Retention system strength EN 13087-6, Protective helmets — Test methods — Part 6: Field of vision 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 protective helmet item to be worn on the head, intended to absorb the energy of a foreseeable impact thus reducing the risk of injury to the head 3.2 shell outer layer which provides part of the whole general form of the helmet 3.3 helmet type category of helmets which does not differ in such essential respects as the materials or dimensions or construction of the helmet, or of the retention system
EN 1077:2007 (E) 7 NOTE Helmet type may include a range of helmet sizes, provided that the thickness of the protective padding in each size in the range is at least equal to that in the helmet which, when subjected to the tests, satisfies the requirements of this standard. 3.4 padding 3.4.1 protective padding material used to absorb impact energy 3.4.2 comfort padding liner material provided for the wearer's comfort 3.4.3 sizing padding liner material used for adjustment of the helmet size 3.5 retention system complete assembly by means of which the helmet is maintained in position on the head, including any devices for adjustment of the system or to enhance the wearer's comfort 3.6 chin-strap part of the retention system that passes under the wearer's jaw to keep the helmet in position 3.7 basic plane of the human head plane at the level of the external ear opening (external auditory meatus) and the lower edge of the eye sockets (orbits) 3.8 basic plane of a headform plane relative to the headform that corresponds to the basic plane of the human head 3.9 reference plane construction plane parallel to the basic plane of the headform at a distance from it which is a function of the size of the headform 4 Requirements 4.1 Materials For those parts of the helmet coming into contact with the skin the material used shall not be subject to any known appreciable alteration from contact with sweat or with substances likely to be found in toiletries. Materials shall not be used which are known to cause skin disorders or other adverse effects on health. For a material not in general use advice as to its suitability shall be sought before its introduction.
Examples for documents which can be presented as evidence of chemical innocuousness are given in the NOTE. NOTE The following list of documents is given for information and as examples of documents to