Safety of toys - Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use

This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for activity toys for domestic use often attached to or incorporating a crossbeam, and similar toys intended for children under 14 years to play on or in and often intended to bear the mass of one or more children.
This European Standard also specifies requirements for:
-   separately sold accessories for, and components of activity toys;
-   separately sold swing elements that are ready for use on or in combination with an activity toy;
-   construction packages for activity toys including components used to build activity toys according to a scheduled building instruction.
The scope of this European Standard excludes:
-   playground equipment intended for public use dealt with in the EN 1176 series;
-   bow-mounted rocking activity toys such as rocking horses and similar toys, which are covered by specific requirements in EN 71 1;
-   toy pools with maximum depth of water over 400 mm measured, between the overflow level and the deepest point within the pool;
NOTE 1   For information regarding the classification of pools as toys see European Commission guidance document No. 8 from Bibliographical Entry [1].
-   pools with maximum depth of water over 400 mm measured, between the overflow level and the deepest point within the pool, without play elements covered e.g. by the EN 16582 series or EN 16927.
NOTE 2   There is an enhanced risk of drowning in toy pools where the depth of water is in excess of 400 mm.
-   trampolines for domestic use dealt with in EN 71 14.
-   inflatable activity toys (except paddling pools).
See also A.1.

Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 8: Aktivitätsspielzeug für den häuslichen Gebrauch

Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen an und Prüfverfahren für Aktivitätsspielzeug für den häuslichen Gebrauch fest, das häufig an einem Querbalken angebracht ist oder diesen einschließt, und ähnliches Spielzeug für Kinder unter 14 Jahren, das zum Spielen darauf oder darin und häufig zum Tragen des Gewichtes eines oder mehrerer Kinder vorgesehen ist.
Diese Europäische Norm legt außerdem Anforderungen fest für:
-   einzeln verkaufte Zubehörteile für und Bauteile von Aktivitätsspielzeug;
-   einzeln verkaufte Schaukelelemente, die gebrauchsfertig an oder in Kombination mit einem Aktivitäts-spielzeug sind;
-   Bausätze für Aktivitätsspielzeug einschließlich Bauteile, die verwendet werden, um Aktivitäts-spielzeug nach einer vorgegebenen Konstruktionsanweisung zusammenzubauen.
Vom Anwendungsbereich dieser Europäischen Norm ausgeschlossen sind:
-   Spielplatzgeräte, die für den öffentlichen Gebrauch bestimmt sind und in der Normenreihe EN 1176 behandelt werden;
-   auf Wiegekufen befestigtes Aktivitätsspielzeug, wie Schaukelpferde und ähnliches Spielzeug, die durch spezifische Anforderungen in EN 71 1 abgedeckt werden;
-   Spielbecken mit einer Höchstwassertiefe von über 400 mm, zwischen Überlauf und dem tiefsten Punkt innerhalb des Beckens gemessen;
ANMERKUNG 1   Für Informationen bezüglich der Klassifikation von Spielbecken siehe Leitlinie Nr. 8 der Europäischen Kommission aus Literaturhinweis [1].
-   Becken mit einer Höchstwassertiefe von über 400 mm, zwischen Überlauf und dem tiefsten Punkt innerhalb des Beckens gemessen, ohne Spielelemente, die z. B. in der Normenreihe EN 16582 oder in EN 16927 behandelt werden;
ANMERKUNG 2   Bei Spielbecken mit einer Wassertiefe größer als 400 mm besteht ein erhöhtes Risiko des Ertrinkens.
-   Trampoline für den häuslichen Gebrauch, die in EN 71 14 behandelt werden;
-   aufblasbares Aktivitätsspielzeug (mit Ausnahme von Planschbecken).
Siehe auch A.1.

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 8 : Jouets d’activité à usage familial

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences et les méthodes d’essai relatives aux jouets d’activité à usage familial souvent attachés à une barre transversale ou en comportant une, et aux jouets similaires, sur lesquels ou dans lesquels les enfants jouent. Ces jouets sont destinés aux enfants âgés de moins de 14 ans et sont fréquemment prévus pour supporter le poids d’un ou de plusieurs enfants.
La présente Norme européenne spécifie aussi les exigences pour :
—   les accessoires de jouets d’activité vendus séparément et les composants de jouets d’activité ;
—   les éléments de balançoire vendus séparément, prêts à être utilisés sur un jouet d’activité ou avec celui-ci ;
—   les boîtes de construction pour jouets d’activité comprenant des composants utilisés pour construire des jouets d’activité suivant une notice de montage par étapes.
Le domaine d’application de la présente Norme européenne exclut :
—   les équipements d’aires de jeux destinés à un usage public traités dans la série EN 1176 ;
—   les jouets d’activité à bascule tels que les chevaux à bascule et jouets similaires, couverts par des exigences spécifiques de l’EN 71 1 ;
—   les bassins de jeu avec une profondeur d’eau maximale supérieure à 400 mm, cette mesure étant effectuée entre le niveau de débordement et le point le plus profond du bassin ;
NOTE 1   Pour plus d’information sur la classification des piscines comme jouets, voir le document d’orientation n° 8 de la Commission européenne en entrée [1] de la bibliographie.
—   les bassins avec une profondeur d’eau maximale supérieure à 400 mm, cette mesure étant effectuée entre le niveau de débordement et le point le plus profond du bassin, sans éléments de jeu couverts par exemple par la série EN 16582 ou l’EN 16927 ;
NOTE 2   Le risque de noyade dans les bassins de jeu augmente lorsque la profondeur d’eau dépasse 400 mm.
—   les trampolines à usage familial traités dans l’EN 71 14 ;
—   les jouets d’activité gonflables (à l’exception des pataugettes).
Voir également A.1.

Varnost igrač - 8. del: Igrače za prostočasne aktivnosti za domačo uporabo

Ta evropski standard določa zahteve in metode preskušanja za igrače za prostočasne aktivnosti, ki so pogosto vezane ali vključujejo prečnik, ter podobne igrače, namenjene otrokom pod 14 leti, na ali v katerih se igrajo in ki pogosto nosijo težo enega ali več otrok. Ta evropski standard določa tudi zahteve za: –    pripomočke in komponente igrač za prostočasne aktivnosti, ki se prodajajo posebej; –    elemente gugalnic, ki so pripravljeni za uporabo na ali v kombinaciji z igračo za prostočasne aktivnosti; –   konstrukcijski paketi za igrače za prostočasne aktivnosti, vključno s komponentami, ki se uporabljajo za gradnjo igrač za prostočasne aktivnosti, v skladu za načrtovano gradnjo stavbe. Področje uporabe tega evropskega standarda ne zajema: –    opreme za igrišča, ki je namenjena javni rabi, opisana v standardu EN 1176; –   zibalnih igrač za prostočasne aktivnosti, ki so pritrjene na lok, kot so zibalni konji in podobne igrače, zajete v standardu EN 71-1; –    igralnih bazenov z največjo izmerjeno globino vode preko 400 mm med ravnjo preplavljanja in najglobljo točko v bazenu; -    trampolinov za igro. OPOMBA 1    Zahteve za trampoline za igro in napihljive igrače, ki niso za v vodo, so v izdelavi. OPOMBA 2    Obstaja večje tveganje za utopitve v bazenih za igro, kjer globina vode presega 400 mm.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
09-Jan-2018
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
10-Jan-2018
Completion Date
10-Jan-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 71-8:2018
01-maj-2018
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 71-8:2011
9DUQRVWLJUDþGHO,JUDþH]DSURVWRþDVQHDNWLYQRVWL]DGRPDþRXSRUDER
Safety of toys - Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use

Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 8: Aktivitätsspielzeug für den häuslichen Gebrauch

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 8: Jouets d'activité à usage familial
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 71-8:2018
ICS:
97.200.50 ,JUDþH Toys
SIST EN 71-8:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 71-8:2018
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SIST EN 71-8:2018
EN 71-8
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
January 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.200.50 Supersedes EN 71-8:2011
English Version
Safety of toys - Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 8 : Jouets d'activité à usage Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 8: Aktivitätsspielzeug

familial für den häuslichen Gebrauch
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 15 October 2017.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 71-8:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 71-8:2018
EN 71-8:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 8

4 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 11

4.1 General (see A.2) .......................................................................................................................................... 11

4.1.1 Assembly ......................................................................................................................................................... 11

4.1.2 Static strength ............................................................................................................................................... 11

4.1.3 Maximum height (see A.3) ........................................................................................................................ 11

4.1.4 Corners and edges (see A.4) ..................................................................................................................... 11

4.1.5 Protruding parts ........................................................................................................................................... 11

4.1.6 Diameter of ropes and other means of suspension ......................................................................... 12

4.1.7 Water accumulation (see A.14) ............................................................................................................... 12

4.2 Barriers, handrails and ladders and similar means of access to activity toys ....................... 12

4.2.1 Barriers and handrails preventing a child from falling down (see 6.5.1, A.5) ....................... 12

4.2.2 Ladders and similar means of access to activity toys (see A.6) ................................................... 12

4.3 Entrapment (see A.7) .................................................................................................................................. 14

4.3.1 Entrapment of head and neck .................................................................................................................. 14

4.3.2 Entrapment of clothing and hair ............................................................................................................ 15

4.3.3 Entrapment of feet ....................................................................................................................................... 16

4.3.4 Entrapment of fingers ................................................................................................................................. 16

4.4 Stability of activity toys other than slides, swings and activity toys with crossbeams,

and see-saws .................................................................................................................................................. 16

4.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16

4.4.2 Stability of activity toys with a free height of fall of 600 mm or less ......................................... 17

4.4.3 Stability of activity toys with a free height of fall of more than 600 mm ................................. 17

4.5 Slides (see A.8) .............................................................................................................................................. 17

4.5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 17

4.5.2 Stability of slides .......................................................................................................................................... 17

4.5.3 Retaining sides for slides (see A.9) ........................................................................................................ 17

4.5.4 Starting, sliding and run-out sections on slides ................................................................................ 18

4.6 Swings (see A.10) ......................................................................................................................................... 21

4.6.1 Stability of swings and other activity toys with crossbeams ........................................................ 21

4.6.2 Static strength of crossbeams, swing devices and suspension connectors ............................. 22

4.6.3 Swings intended for children under 36 months ............................................................................... 22

4.6.4 Minimum clearance between adjacent swing elements, and adjacent structures ............... 22

4.6.5 Lateral stability of swing elements ........................................................................................................ 23

4.6.6 Minimum clearance between swing elements and the ground (see A.11) .............................. 24

4.6.7 Suspension connectors and swing devices ......................................................................................... 24

4.6.8 Impact, geometry and design of swing elements .............................................................................. 25

4.7 See-saws .......................................................................................................................................................... 26

4.7.1 Stability of see-saws .................................................................................................................................... 26

4.7.2 Seat/stand height ......................................................................................................................................... 26

4.7.3 Restraint of motion ...................................................................................................................................... 26

4.7.4 Pinching and crushing of fingers and toes .......................................................................................... 26

4.7.5 Hand supports ............................................................................................................................................... 26

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EN 71-8:2018 (E)

4.8 Carousels and rocking activity toys (see A.12) .................................................................................. 27

4.9 Paddling pools ............................................................................................................................................... 27

4.9.1 Static strength of paddling pools with non-inflatable walls ......................................................... 27

4.9.2 Paddling pools with inflatable walls ...................................................................................................... 27

5 Warnings, markings, and instructions .................................................................................................. 27

5.1 Warnings and markings ............................................................................................................................. 27

5.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 27

5.1.2 Paddling pools ............................................................................................................................................... 27

5.2 Assembly and installation instructions ................................................................................................ 28

5.3 Maintenance ................................................................................................................................................... 29

6 Test methods .................................................................................................................................................. 29

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 29

6.2 Stability ............................................................................................................................................................ 30

6.2.1 Stability of activity toys with a free height of fall of 600 mm or less (see 4.4.2 and 4.8) .... 30

6.2.2 Stability of activity toys with a free height of fall of more than 600 mm (see 4.4.3) ............ 32

6.2.3 Stability of slides (see 4.5.2) ..................................................................................................................... 32

6.2.4 Stability of swings and other activity toys with crossbeams (see 4.6.1) .................................. 33

6.2.5 Stability of see-saws (see 4.7.1) ............................................................................................................... 34

6.3 Static strength ................................................................................................................................................ 35

6.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 35

6.3.2 Strength of activity toys other than swings and paddling pools (see 4.1.2 and 4.8) ............ 35

6.3.3 Strength of swings (see 4.6.2) .................................................................................................................. 37

6.4 Dynamic strength of barriers and handrails (see 4.2.1) ................................................................ 37

6.4.1 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................... 37

6.4.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 37

6.4.3 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 38

6.5 Test for head and neck entrapment (see 4.3.1) ................................................................................. 38

6.5.1 Head and neck entrapment in accessible completely bound openings (see 4.2.1, 4.3.1

a) and 4.3.1 c)) ............................................................................................................................................... 38

6.5.2 Head and neck entrapment in partially bound and V-shaped openings (see 4.3.1 d)) ....... 42

6.6 Toggle test (see 4.3.2) ................................................................................................................................. 47

6.6.1 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................... 47

6.6.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 47

6.6.3 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 48

6.7 Measurements of sliding and run-out sections on slides (see 4.5.4) ......................................... 50

6.7.1 Measurement of inclination of the sliding section on slides (see 4.5.4 f)) ............................... 50

6.7.2 Measurement of the minimum angle along the sliding section and the run-out

section on slides (see 4.5.4 g)) ................................................................................................................. 50

6.8 Diameter of ropes and other means of suspension (see 4.1.6) .................................................... 51

6.9 Determination of impact from swing elements (see 4.6.8.2) ....................................................... 52

6.9.1 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................... 52

6.9.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 52

6.9.3 Preparations ................................................................................................................................................... 54

6.9.4 Testing .............................................................................................................................................................. 54

6.10 Static load test for paddling pools with non-inflatable walls (see 4.9.1) ................................. 56

6.11 Measurement of the height of falling protection of swings with double seats and

examination of gaps between the swing seat and the falling protection ................................. 56

Annex A (informative) Rationale ......................................................................................................................... 58

A.1 Activity toys (see scope) ............................................................................................................................. 58

A.2 General requirements (see 4.1) .............................................................................................................. 58

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EN 71-8:2018 (E)

A.3 Maximum height (see 4.1.3) ..................................................................................................................... 58

A.4 Corners and edges (see 4.1.4) .................................................................................................................. 58

A.5 Barriers (see 4.2) ......................................................................................................................................... 58

A.6 Ladders and similar means of access to activity toys (see 4.2.2) ................................................ 59

A.7 Entrapment (see 4.3) .................................................................................................................................. 59

A.8 Slides (see 4.5) .............................................................................................................................................. 59

A.9 Retaining sides for slides (see 4.5.3)..................................................................................................... 60

A.10 Swings (see 4.6) ............................................................................................................................................ 60

A.11 Clearance between swing elements and the ground for crossbeams with a maximum

height of 1 200 mm (see 4.6.6) ................................................................................................................ 61

A.12 Rocking activity toys and similar toys (see 4.8) ................................................................................ 61

A.13 Stability of swings and other activity toys with crossbeams (see 6.2.4.1.1) ........................... 61

A.14 Drowning hazards (see 4.1.7) .................................................................................................................. 61

A.15 Warnings (see Clause 5) ............................................................................................................................ 62

Annex B (informative) Significant technical changes between this European Standard and

the previous version ................................................................................................................................... 63

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2009/48/EC aimed to be covered ..................................................... 65

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 66

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SIST EN 71-8:2018
EN 71-8:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 71-8:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 52 “Safety of toys”,

the secretariat of which is held by DS.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by July 2018, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by July 2018.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 71-8:2011.

This European Standard has been prepared under a standardization request M/445 given to CEN by the

European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements

of EU Directive 2009/48/EC.

For relationship with EU Directive 2009/48/EC, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of

this European Standard.

Annex B provides details of significant technical changes between this European Standard and the

previous edition.

This European Standard constitutes the eighth part of the European Standard on safety of toys. It

should be read in conjunction with Part 1.
This European Standard, Safety of toys, consists of the following parts:
— Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties;
— Part 2: Flammability;
— Part 3: Migration of certain elements;
— Part 4: Experimental sets for chemistry and related activities;
— Part 5: Chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets;
— Part 7: Finger paints — Requirements and test methods;
— Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use;
— Part 9: Organic chemical compounds — Requirements;
— Part 10: Organic chemical compounds — Sample preparation and extraction;
— Part 11: Organic chemical compounds — Methods of analysis;
— Part 12: N-Nitrosamines and N-nitrosatable substances;
— Part 13: Olfactory board games, cosmetic kits and gustative games;
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SIST EN 71-8:2018
EN 71-8:2018 (E)
— Part 14: Trampolines for domestic use.

NOTE 1 In addition to the above parts of EN 71, the following guidance documents have been published:

CEN Technical Report CEN/TR 15071, Safety of toys — National translations of warnings and instructions for use in

the EN 71 series, and CEN Technical Report CEN/TR 15371 (all parts), Safety of toys — Interpretations.

NOTE 2 Different legal requirements may exist in non-EU countries.
NOTE 3 Words in italics are defined in Clause 3 (Terms and definitions).

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 71-8:2018
EN 71-8:2018 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for activity toys for domestic use

often attached to or incorporating a crossbeam, and similar toys intended for children under 14 years to

play on or in and often intended to bear the mass of one or more children.
This European Standard also specifies requirements for:
— separately sold accessories for, and components of activity toys;

— separately sold swing elements that are ready for use on or in combination with an activity toy;

— construction packages for activity toys including components used to build activity toys according

to a scheduled building instruction.
The scope of this European Standard excludes:
— playground equipment intended for public use dealt with in the EN 1176 series;

— bow-mounted rocking activity toys such as rocking horses and similar toys, which are covered by

specific requirements in EN 71-1;

— toy pools with maximum depth of water over 400 mm measured, between the overflow level and

the deepest point within the pool;

NOTE 1 For information regarding the classification of pools as toys see European Commission guidance

document No. 8 from Bibliographical Entry [1].

— pools with maximum depth of water over 400 mm measured, between the overflow level and the

deepest point within the pool, without play elements covered e.g. by the EN 16582 series or

EN 16927.

NOTE 2 There is an enhanced risk of drowning in toy pools where the depth of water is in excess of

400 mm.
— trampolines for domestic use dealt with in EN 71-14.
— inflatable activity toys (except paddling pools).
See also A.1.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 71-1:2014, Safety of toys - Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties

EN ISO 4287:1998, Geometrical product specifications (GPS) - Surface texture: Profile method - Terms,

definitions and surface texture parameters (ISO 4287:1997)
As impacted by EN ISO 4287:1998/A1:2009 and EN ISO 4287:1998/AC:2008.
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SIST EN 71-8:2018
EN 71-8:2018 (E)

ISO 20712-1:2008, Water safety signs and beach safety flags — Part 1: Specifications for water safety

signs used in workplaces and public areas
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
activity toy

toy for domestic use, in which the support structure remains stationary while the activity is taking place

and which is intended for the performance by a child of any of the following activities: climbing,

jumping, swinging, sliding, rocking, spinning, paddling, crawling and creeping, or any combination

thereof

Note 1 to entry: Examples of such toys are swings, slides, carousels, climbing frames, rigid playhouses, paddling

pools. In contrast, ride-on vehicles are not considered as activity toys.
3.2
anchor
device used to fix an activity toy to the standing surface
3.3
barrier
device intended to prevent the user from falling and from passing beneath
[SOURCE: EN 1176-1:2017, 3.24]
3.4
crossbeam

bar or beam which forms a main load bearing part of certain activity toys (see Figure 1)

3.5
entrapment

hazard presented by a situation in which a body, part of a body, or clothing is entrapped

3.6
exposed edge

edge intended to be touched and/or gripped by a child during the use of an activity toy

Note 1 to entry: Exposed edges are commonly found on doors, windows, shutters, ladders, steps, handrails,

retaining sides for slides and seats.
3.7
forced movement

movement of the user caused by the equipment (e.g. swinging, sliding, carousel rotation etc.) which,

once started, cannot be totally controlled by the user

Note 1 to entry: Falls are not considered forced movement as they are not imposed on the user by the

equipment but occur for other reasons.

[SOURCE: EN 1176-1:2017, 3.34, modified — An original Note 2 to entry is not reproduced here.]

3.8
free height of fall

greatest vertical distance from the clearly intended body support to the impact area below

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EN 71-8:2018 (E)
3.9
free space

space in, on or around the activity toy that can be occupied by a user undergoing a forced movement

caused by use of the equipment (e.g. swinging, sliding, rocking, revolving)

Note 1 to entry: The definition of free space does not include the three-dimensional space in which a falling

movement takes place.
3.10
handrail
rail intended to assist the user to balance
[SOURCE: EN 1176-1:2017, 3.22]
3.11
platform

raised surface where one or more users can stand without the need of hand support

Note 1 to entry: The classification of a platform will vary depending on its function. Surfaces where the user is

only able to stand with the aid of hand supports are not classified as platforms. Exclusion of surfaces from the

definition can be achieved by a number of means, e.g.:
— reducing the surface area to restrict free movement and encourage holding on;
— incline the surface to encourage holding on;
— introducing movement to the surface to encourage holding on.

[SOURCE: EN 1176-1:2017, 3.21, modified — The wording of the Note 1 to entry was modified.]

3.12
slide
structure with inclined surface(s) on which the user slides in a defined track

Note 1 to entry: Inclined planes, designed primarily for other purposes, such as roofs, do not constitute slides.

3.13
suspension connector

device which forms the direct contact between a crossbeam and the means of suspension (see Figure 1)

3.14
swing

structure incorporating a crossbeam, suspension connectors and a swing device with swing element,

suspension coupling and means of suspension
Note 1 to entry: Examples of swings are shown in Figure 1.
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SIST EN 71-8:2018
EN 71-8:2018 (E)
a) Example of a flat seat b) Example of a gondola
Key
1 swing device
2 crossbeam
3 upper suspension connector
4 upper suspension coupling
5 lower suspension connector
6 lower suspension coupling
7 means of suspension
8 swing element (e.g. seat, rings, bar, gondola)

NOTE A swing device can include one or more footrests. Footrests are considered as parts of the swing

elements.
Figure 1 — Diagrammatic representation of examples of swings
3.15
paddling pool

toy pool with a maximum depth of water of 400 mm measured between the overflow level and the

deepest point within the pool

Note 1 to entry: Examples of typical paddling pools can be found in the guidance document on the app

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