Portable equipment for projecting extinguishing agents supplied by firefighting pumps - Hand-held branchpipes for fire service use - Part 1: Common requirements

This document applies to hand-held branchpipes. It deals with:
- safety requirements;
- performance requirements;
- test methods;
- classification and designation;
- instructions for use and maintenance;
- marking.
It is advised to read this document in conjunction with parts 2, 3 or 4.
This document does not apply to branchpipes covered by EN 671 series, foam branchpipes covered by EN 16712-3, powder branchpipes, or branchpipes with a maximum working pressure above 40 bar.
NOTE 1   The Working Group has thoroughly addressed and discussed the issue of electrical safety in relation to using water branchpipes. However, an electrical test is not incorporated into this document as international experience, as well as research (NFPA handbook, French research, etc) have shown that any "artificial" or "laboratory style" testing will not take into account poor visibility and other conditions present on any fire ground, nor the problem of estimating distances under these conditions. When fighting fires in or near electrical installations, the power is cut off as soon as possible (see the operating instructions, 8.1). Also, it is best practice to maintain a maximum possible safety distance (at least 1 m up to 1 000 V) and to use a spray jet with a minimum spray angle of 30 °.
NOTE 2   It is essential to take into account reaction forces before choosing and operating branchpipes.

Tragbare Geräte zum Ausbringen von Löschmitteln, die mit Feuerlöschpumpen gefördert werden - Strahlrohre für die Brandbekämpfung - Teil 1: Allgemeine Anforderungen

Dieses Dokument gilt für Strahlrohre. Behandelt werden:
-   Sicherheitsanforderungen;
-   Leistungsanforderungen;
-   Prüfverfahren;
-   Klassifizierung und Bezeichnung;
-   Anleitungen für Gebrauch und Instandhaltung;
-   Kennzeichnung.
Es ist ratsam, dieses Dokument zusammen mit den Teilen 2, 3 oder 4 zu lesen.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für Strahlrohre, die in der Normenreihe EN 671 behandelt werden, Schaum-Strahlrohre, die in EN 16712 3 behandelt werden, Pulver-Strahlrohre sowie Strahlrohre mit einem maximalen Betriebsdruck von mehr als 40 bar.
ANMERKUNG 1   Die CEN-Arbeitsgruppe hat das Problem der elektrischen Sicherheit beim Einsatz von Wasser-strahlrohren ausführlich behandelt und diskutiert. Eine elektrische Prüfung ist jedoch in diesem Dokument nicht enthalten, da sowohl die Erfahrung auf internationaler Ebene als auch die Forschung (NFPA-Handbuch, französische Forschung usw.) erwiesen haben, dass bei einer "künstlichen" oder einer "Laborprüfung" weder schlechte Sicht und auch andere Bedingungen, die an einer Brandstelle vorliegen, noch die Probleme beim Schätzen von Entfernungen unter diesen Bedingungen, berücksichtigt werden. Bei der Brandbekämpfung in oder an elektrischen Anlagen ist darauf zu achten, dass die Energiezufuhr so schnell wie möglich abgeschaltet wird (siehe Betriebsanleitung, 8.1). Darüber hinaus ist es empfehlenswert, einen größtmöglichen Sicherheitsabstand einzuhalten (mindestens 1 m bei einer Spannung von bis zu 1 000 V), sowie einen Sprühstrahl mit einem Mindest-Sprühwinkel von 30 ° anzuwenden.
ANMERKUNG 2   Bei der Auswahl und dem Betrieb von Strahlrohren ist es wichtig, die Reaktionskräfte zu berücksichtigen.

Equipement portable de projection d’agents d’extinction alimenté par des pompes à usage incendie - Lances à main destinées aux services d'incendie et de secours - Partie 1 : Prescriptions communes

Le présent document applique aux lances à main. Il traite :
-   des prescriptions de sécurité ;
-   des prescriptions de performance ;
-   des méthodes d’essai ;
-   de la classification et de la désignation;
-   des instructions d’utilisation et de maintenance ;
-   du marquage.
Il est recommandé de lire le présent document en conjonction avec sa partie 2, 3 ou 4.
Le présent document ne s’applique pas aux lances couvertes par la série de normes EN 671, aux lances à mousse couvertes par l'EN 16712-3, aux lances à poudre, et aux lances ayant une pression de service maximale supérieure à 40 bar.
NOTE 1   Le Groupe de Travail a abordé et discuté en détail le problème de la sécurité électrique en rapport avec l’utilisation des lances à eau. Cependant, un essai électrique ne fait pas partie du présent document, car l’expérience au niveau international ainsi que les recherches effectuées (manuel NFPA, travaux de recherche français, etc.) ont montré que les essais du type « artificiel » ou « de laboratoire » ne prendront en considération ni la mauvaise visibilité et autres conditions régnant sur le lieu d’un incendie, ni le problème de l’estimation des distances dans ces conditions. Lorsque l'on combat un incendie qui s’est déclaré dans des installations électriques ou qui a été provoqué par ces dernières, l’alimentation électrique est coupée dès que possible (voir les instructions opérationnelles, voir 8.1). Il est également préférable de maintenir une distance de sécurité maximale (au moins 1 m jusqu’à 1 000 V) et d'utiliser un jet diffusé d'un angle minimum de 30°.
NOTE 2   Il est essentiel de prendre en compte les forces de réaction avant de choisir et de faire fonctionner les lances.

Prenosna oprema za črpanje in uporabo gasilnega sredstva iz gasilskih črpalk - Gasilski ročniki - 1. del: Splošne zahteve

Ta dokument se uporablja za ročnike. Obravnava:
–   varnostne zahteve;
–   zahteve glede zmogljivosti;
–   preskusne metode;
–   klasifikacijo in označevanje;
–   navodila za uporabo in vzdrževanje;
–   označevanje.
Dokument je priporočljivo uporabljati v povezavi z deli 2, 3 ali 4.
Ta dokument se ne uporablja za ročnike, zajete v standardu EN 671, ročnike za peno, zajete v standardu EN 16712-3, ročnike za prah ali ročnike z najvišjim delovnim tlakom nad 40 barov.
OPOMBA 1:   Delovna skupina je natančno obravnavala vprašanje električne varnosti v zvezi z uporabo ročnikov za vodo. Vendar pa električni preskus ni vključen v tem dokumentu kot mednarodne izkušnje, prav tako pa so raziskave (priročnik NFPA, francoska raziskava itd.) pokazale, da nobeno »umetno« ali »laboratorijsko« preskušanje ne bo upoštevalo slabe vidljivosti in drugih pogojev, prisotnih na mestu požara, kot tudi ne težave z ocenjevanjem razdalj v takšnih pogojih. Priporočljivo je (v navodilih za uporabo, glej 8.1), da končni uporabnik pri gašenju požarov na električnih inštalacijah ali v njihovi bližini čim prej izklopi električno napajanje. Prav tako se priporoča, da se ohranja največja možna razdalja (vsaj 1 m do 1000 V) in se uporablja razpršeni curek s kotom razpršenega curka najmanj 30°.
OPOMBA 2:   Pred izbiro in upravljanjem ročnikov je nujno je treba upoštevati reakcijske sile.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
17-Sep-2019
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
18-Sep-2019
Completion Date
18-Sep-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 15182-1:2019
01-november-2019
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 15182-1:2007+A1:2010
Prenosna oprema za črpanje in uporabo gasilnega sredstva iz gasilskih črpalk -
Gasilski ročniki - 1. del: Splošne zahteve

Portable equipment for projecting extinguishing agents supplied by firefighting pumps -

Hand-held branchpipes for fire service use - Part 1: Common requirements

Tragbare Geräte zum Ausbringen von Löschmitteln, die mit Feuerlöschpumpen gefördert

werden - Strahlrohre für die Brandbekämpfung - Teil 1: Allgemeine Anforderungen

Equipement portable de projection d’agents d’extinction alimenté par des pompes à

usage incendie - Lances à main destinées aux services d'incendie et de secours - Partie

1: Prescriptions communes
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 15182-1:2019
ICS:
13.220.10 Gašenje požara Fire-fighting
SIST EN 15182-1:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 15182-1:2019
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SIST EN 15182-1:2019
EN 15182-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
September 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.220.10 Supersedes EN 15182-1:2007+A1:2009
English Version
Portable equipment for projecting extinguishing agents
supplied by firefighting pumps - Hand-held branchpipes
for fire service use - Part 1: Common requirements

Equipement portable de projection d'agents Tragbare Geräte zum Ausbringen von Löschmitteln, die

d'extinction alimenté par des pompes à usage incendie mit Feuerlöschpumpen gefördert werden - Strahlrohre

- Lances à main destinées aux services d'incendie et de für die Brandbekämpfung - Teil 1: Allgemeine

secours - Partie 1 : Prescriptions communes Anforderungen
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 10 June 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 15182-1:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 15182-1:2019
EN 15182-1:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

4 Description ........................................................................................................................................................ 7

5 Classification ..................................................................................................................................................... 8

6 Requirements and verification .................................................................................................................. 8

6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

6.2 Mechanical characteristics .......................................................................................................................... 9

6.2.1 Dimensions and mass .................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2.2 Fitting systems ................................................................................................................................................. 9

6.2.3 Operating and handling elements ............................................................................................................. 9

6.3 Materials .......................................................................................................................................................... 10

6.4 Flush .................................................................................................................................................................. 10

6.5 Hydraulic characteristics .......................................................................................................................... 10

6.5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 10

6.5.2 Sensitivity to heat ......................................................................................................................................... 11

6.5.3 Sensitivity to frost ........................................................................................................................................ 11

6.6 Drop tests ........................................................................................................................................................ 11

6.6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 11

6.6.2 Drop test 1 ...................................................................................................................................................... 11

6.6.3 Drop test 2 ...................................................................................................................................................... 12

6.6.4 Drop test 3 ...................................................................................................................................................... 13

7 Designation..................................................................................................................................................... 14

8 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 14

8.1 Instruction and maintenance handbook ............................................................................................. 14

8.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 14

8.1.2 Instruction handbook ................................................................................................................................. 15

8.1.3 Maintenance handbook ............................................................................................................................. 15

8.2 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 15

Annex A (normative) Classification of branchpipes for fire service use ............................................... 16

Annex B (informative) Acceptance test on delivery ..................................................................................... 17

Annex C (normative) Datasheet for hand-held branchpipes for fire service use .............................. 18

Annex D (informative) Example of completed datasheet for hand-held branchpipes for fire

service use ...................................................................................................................................................... 23

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 28

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SIST EN 15182-1:2019
EN 15182-1:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 15182-1:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 192 “Fire and

rescue service equipment”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2020, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by March 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 15182-1:2007+A1:2009.
Compared to EN 15182-1:2007+A1:2009 the following changes have been made:

— the definitions have been updated and three new definitions have been added (“closed branchpipe”,

“main shut off valve”, “open breanchpipe”);
— each verification has been placed under the corresponding requirement;
— the values of rated discharge at p (see Table 1) have been updated;
— p replaced with p in 6.6.4;
N R
— addition of the designation (new Clause 7);
— the marking (Clause 8) has been updated;

— the classification (see Annex A) has been updated in accordance with EN 15182-2:2019;

— improvement of the wording/editorial changes.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 15182-1:2019
EN 15182-1:2019 (E)
Introduction

This document has been created to provide a minimum level of safety and performance criteria.

Its purpose is not to define a specific branchpipe design but to help the user in understanding and

choosing the correct equipment.
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SIST EN 15182-1:2019
EN 15182-1:2019 (E)
1 Scope
This document applies to hand-held branchpipes. It deals with:
— safety requirements;
— performance requirements;
— test methods;
— classification and designation;
— instructions for use and maintenance;
— marking.
It is advised to read this document in conjunction with parts 2, 3 or 4.

This document does not apply to branchpipes covered by EN 671 series, foam branchpipes covered by

EN 16712-3, powder branchpipes, or branchpipes with a maximum working pressure above 40 bar.

NOTE 1 The Working Group has thoroughly addressed and discussed the issue of electrical safety in relation to

using water branchpipes. However, an electrical test is not incorporated into this document as international

experience, as well as research (NFPA handbook, French research, etc) have shown that any “artificial” or

“laboratory style” testing will not take into account poor visibility and other conditions present on any fire ground,

nor the problem of estimating distances under these conditions. When fighting fires in or near electrical

installations, the power is cut off as soon as possible (see the operating instructions, 8.1). Also, it is best practice to

maintain a maximum possible safety distance (at least 1 m up to 1 000 V) and to use a spray jet with a minimum

spray angle of 30 °.

NOTE 2 It is essential to take into account reaction forces before choosing and operating branchpipes.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 15182-2:2019, Portable equipment for projecting extinguishing agents supplied by firefighting

pumps — Hand-held branchpipes for fire service use — Part 2: Combination branchpipes PN 16

EN 15182-3:2019, Portable equipment for projecting extinguishing agents supplied by firefighting

pumps — Hand-held branchpipes for fire service use — Part 3: Smooth bore jet and/or one fixed spray jet

angle branchpipes PN 16

EN 15182-4:2019, Portable equipment for projecting extinguishing agents supplied by firefighting

pumps — Hand-held branchpipes for fire service use — Part 4: High pressure branchpipes PN 40

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
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SIST EN 15182-1:2019
EN 15182-1:2019 (E)
3.1
branchpipe

combination of components that connects to a liquid extinguishing agent supply via a hose and coupling

and projects liquid extinguishing agent according to the operators requirements
3.2
closed branchpipe
branchpipe where the main shut off valve is in the closed position
3.3
main shut off valve
valve that is first in the flow line
3.4
open branchpipe
branchpipe where all valves are in the fully open position
3.5
nozzle

component of a branchpipe that controls the liquid extinguishing agent flow rate and/or pattern

3.6
pressures

Note 1 to entry: Pressures expressed in bars are measured at the inlet of the branchpipe.

Note 2 to entry: 1 bar = 0,1 MPa (10 Pa).
3.6.1
reference pressure
standard working pressure used to run hydraulic tests
3.6.2
median pressure
for type 4 branchpipes, average pressure of the pressure control range
Note 1 to entry: Type 4 branchpipes are defined in EN 15182-2:2019 and Annex A.
3.6.3
nominal pressure
maximum working pressure
3.6.4
test pressure
static pressure used for leakage tests
3.6.5
burst pressure
static pressure used for burst test
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SIST EN 15182-1:2019
EN 15182-1:2019 (E)
3.7
straight jet
jet having the maximum throw and mechanical effect
3.8
spray jet
any jet different to the straight jet
3.9
flush
position allowing the branchpipe to clear debris
4 Description

The components of a branchpipe, where used or necessary, are named as followed and shown in

Figure 1:
— fitting system;
— gripping device;

— open and shut-off device (e.g. operated by a valve handle, a lever or a trigger, an open and shut-off

device can also be accommodated in a twist shut-off nozzle);
— jet/spray system(s);

— flow adjustment system (e.g. operated by a valve handle, a rotating operating element or a trigger).

These components may consist of a single piece or several parts.
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SIST EN 15182-1:2019
EN 15182-1:2019 (E)
Key
1 nozzle
2 valve handle
3 handhold
4 rotating operating element
5 lever
6 trigger
7 fitting system
Figure 1 — Components of a hand-held branchpipe
5 Classification
Branchpipes shall be classified in accordance with Annex A.
6 Requirements and verification
6.1 General
All the tests defined in this document are type tests.

Unless otherwise specified, tests shall be carried out, at the reference pressure p at a water

temperature between 10 °C and 25 °C.

Actual test results can be entered on the data sheet when these results exceed the minimum

requirements given in this document.
NOTE Guidance for acceptance tests on delivery is given in Annex B.

Branchpipes should be ergonomically designed so that they can be easily operated without risk of

injury when wearing firefighter's gloves complying with EN 659.
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