Sustainability of construction works - Sustainability assessment of buildings and civil engineering works - Part 5: Framework on specific principles and requirement for civil engineering works

This European Standard provides specific principles and requirements for the assessment of environmental, social and economic performance of civil engineering works taking into account its technical characteristics and functionality. Assessments of environmental, social and economic performance are the three aspects of sustainability assessment of civil engineering works.
The framework applies to all types of civil engineering works, both new and existing, and it is relevant for the assessment of the environmental, social and economic performance of new civil engineering works over their entire life cycle, and of existing civil engineering works over their remaining service life and end of life stage.
The sustainability performance assessment of civil engineering works concentrates on the assessment of aspects and impacts of civil engineering works expressed with quantifiable indicators. It includes the assessment of a civil engineering works’ influence on the environmental, social and economic impacts and aspects of the local infrastructure beyond the area of the civil engineering works, and environmental impacts and aspects resulting from transportation of the users of the civil engineering works and the use and exploitation of the infrastructure itself. It excludes environmental, social and economic risk assessment, but the results of the risk assessment should be taken into consideration.
The European Standards developed under this framework do not set the rules for how the different assessment methodologies may provide valuation methods; nor do they prescribe levels, classes or benchmarks for measuring performance.
NOTE   Valuation methods, levels, classes or benchmarks can be prescribed in the requirements for environmental, social and economic performance in the client’s brief, construction regulations, national standards, national codes of practice, civil engineering works assessment and certification schemes, etc.
The rules for assessment of environmental, social and economic aspects of organizations, such as management systems, are not included within this framework. However, the consequences of decisions or actions that influence the environmental, social and economic performance of the object of assessment are taken into account.

Nachhaltigkeit von Bauwerken - Bewertung der Nachhaltigkeit von Gebäuden und Ingenieurbauwerken - Teil 5: Leitfaden zu den Grundsätzen für und den Anforderungen an Ingenieurbauwerke

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Grundsätze für und Anforderungen an die Bewertung von Ingenieurbauwerken hinsichtlich ihrer umweltbezogenen, sozialen und ökonomischen Qualität unter Berücksichtigung ihrer technischen Eigenschaften und Funktionalität fest. Die Beschreibung der umweltbezogenen, sozialen und ökonomischen Qualität von Ingenieurbauwerken behandelt drei Aspekte der Beschreibung von deren Nachhaltigkeit.
Die Rahmenbedingungen gelten für alle Arten von Ingenieurbauwerken, neuen wie Bestandsbauten, und sind für die Bewertung der umweltbezogenen, sozialen und ökonomischen Qualität bei neuen Bauten über deren gesamten Lebenszyklus und bei Bestandsbauten für deren restliche Lebensdauer und die Entsorgungsphase maßgeblich.
Bei der Bewertung der Nachhaltigkeit eines Ingenieurbauwerks geht es in erster Linie um die Beurteilung von dessen Aspekten und Auswirkungen mittels quantifizierbarer Indikatoren. Dabei wird auch der Einfluss des Ingenieurbauwerks auf die umweltbezogenen, sozialen und ökonomischen Aspekte und Auswirkungen auf die örtliche Infrastruktur über den Bereich des Bauwerks hinaus, die umweltbezogenen Auswirkungen und Aspekte infolge der Fahrten von Nutzern zum Bauwerk und infolge der Inanspruchnahme der Infrastruktur selbst betrachtet. Es geht dabei nicht um eine Analyse der umweltbezogenen, sozialen und ökonomischen Risiken; jedoch sollten die Ergebnisse einer Risikoanalyse berücksichtigt werden.
Die unter diesen Rahmenbedingungen erarbeiteten Europäischen Normen enthalten weder Festlegungen hinsichtlich einer Weiterentwicklung der unterschiedlichen Verfahrensweisen bei der Beurteilung von Ingenieurbauwerken zu Bewertungsverfahren, noch schreiben sie Grenzwerte, Klassen oder Richtwerte für die Ermittlung der Qualität vor.
ANMERKUNG   Bewertungsverfahren, Grenzwerte, Klassen oder Richtwerte können in den umweltbezogenen, sozialen und ökonomischen Qualitätsanforderungen im Lastenheft des Auftraggebers, durch gesetzliche Vorgaben im Bauwesen, in nationalen Normen, in nationalen Verfahrensregeln, in Programmen zur Beurteilung oder Zertifizierung von Ingenieurbauwerken usw. festgelegt sein.
Regeln zur Bewertung der umweltbezogenen, sozialen und ökonomischen Aspekte von Organisationen, wie Managementsysteme, sind in diesem Rahmenwerk nicht enthalten. Jedoch werden die Folgen von Entscheidungen oder Maßnahmen, die die umweltbezogene, soziale und ökonomische Qualität des bewerteten Objektes beeinflussen, berücksichtigt.

Contribution des ouvrages de construction au développement durable - Évaluation de la contribution des bâtiments et des ouvrages de génie civil au développement durable - Partie 5 : Cadre méthodologique définissant les principes et les exigences spécifiques aux ouvrages de génie civil

La présente Norme européenne présente les principes et exigences spécifiques de l’évaluation des performances environnementales, sociales et économiques des ouvrages de génie civil en tenant compte de leurs caractéristiques techniques et fonctionnelles. Les évaluations des performances environnementales, sociales et économiques sont les trois aspects de l’évaluation de la contribution des ouvrages de génie civil au développement durable.
Le cadre méthodologique s’applique à tous les types d’ouvrages de génie civil, neufs ou existants, pour l’évaluation des performances environnementales, sociales et économiques : pour les ouvrages neufs tout au long de leur cycle de vie, et pour les ouvrages existants pour leur durée de vie résiduelle et leur phase de fin de vie.
L’évaluation de la performance d’un ouvrage de génie civil en termes de contribution au développement durable se concentre sur l’évaluation des aspects et impacts de cet ouvrage exprimée avec des indicateurs quantifiables. Elle inclut l’évaluation de l’influence d’un ouvrage sur les impacts et aspects environnementaux, sociaux et économiques de l’infrastructure locale au-delà du périmètre des ouvrages de génie civil, ainsi que des impacts et aspects environnementaux résultant du transport des utilisateurs des ouvrages et de l’usage et de l’exploitation de l’infrastructure elle-même. Elle exclut l’évaluation des risques environnementaux, sociaux et économiques, mais il convient de tenir compte des résultats de cette évaluation.
Les Normes européennes élaborées dans ce cadre méthodologique ne définissent pas de règles concernant la façon dont les différentes méthodologies d’évaluation peuvent fournir des méthodes d’attribution de valeur. Elles ne prescrivent pas non plus de niveaux, de classes ou de références comparatives pour situer les performances.
NOTE   Des méthodes de notation, des niveaux, des classes ou des références comparatives peuvent être prescrits dans les exigences en matière de performances environnementales, sociales et économiques du programme du maître d’ouvrage, des réglementations du secteur de la construction, des normes nationales, des codes de bonnes pratiques nationaux, des programmes d’évaluation des ouvrages de génie civil et de certification, etc.
Les règles de l’évaluation des aspects environnementaux, sociaux ou économiques des organisations, telles que les systèmes de gestion, ne sont pas incluses dans ce cadre méthodologique. En revanche, les conséquences des décisions ou actions ayant un impact sur les performances environnementales, sociales et économiques de l’objet de l’évaluation sont prises en compte.

Trajnostnost gradbenih objektov - Ocenjevanje trajnostnosti stavb in gradbenih inženirskih objektov - 5. del: Okvir za določitev posebnih načel in zahtev za gradbene inženirske objekte

Ta evropski standard določa posebna načela in zahteve za ocenjevanje okoljske, družbene in ekonomske učinkovitosti gradbenih inženirskih objektov ob upoštevanju njihovih tehničnih značilnosti in funkcionalnosti. Ocene okoljske, družbene in ekonomske učinkovitosti so trije vidiki ocenjevanja trajnostnosti gradbenih inženirskih objektov.
Okvir se uporablja za vse vrste gradbenih inženirskih objektov in je primeren za ocenjevanje okoljske, družbene in ekonomske učinkovitosti novih gradbenih inženirskih objektov v vseh fazah njihovega življenjskega cikla ter obstoječih gradbenih inženirskih objektov v njihovi preostali življenjski dobi.
Ocenjevanje trajnostnostne učinkovitosti gradbenih inženirskih objektov se osredotoča na ocenjevanje vidikov in vplivov gradbenih inženirskih objektov, izraženih z merljivimi kazalniki. Vključuje oceno vpliva gradbenih inženirskih objektov na okoljske, družbene in ekonomske vplive in vidike lokalne infrastrukture izven gradbenih inženirskih objektov ter okoljske vidike in vplive, ki so posledica prevoza uporabnikov gradbenih inženirskih objektov ter uporabe in izkoriščanja same infrastrukture. Izključuje okoljsko, družbeno in ekonomsko oceno tveganja, vendar je rezultate ocene tveganja treba upoštevati.
Evropski standardi iz tega okvira ne določajo pravil v zvezi s tem, kako lahko različne metodologije ocenjevanja zagotovijo metode vrednotenja, niti ne predpisujejo stopenj, razredov ali meril za merjenje učinka.
OPOMBA: Metode vrednotenja, ravni, razrede ali merila lahko določajo zahteve za okoljsko, družbeno in ekonomsko učinkovitost v izjavi naročnika, gradbeni predpisi, nacionalni standardi, nacionalni kodeksi ravnanja, sistemi ocenjevanja gradbenih inženirskih objektov in certificiranja itd.
Pravila ocenjevanja okoljskih, družbenih in ekonomskih vidikov organizacij, kot so sistemi za upravljanje, niso del tega okvira. Kljub temu je treba upoštevati posledice odločitev ali dejanj, ki vplivajo na okoljsko, družbeno in ekonomsko učinkovitost predmeta ocenjevanja.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
31-Oct-2017
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
30-Jun-2021

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Nachhaltigkeit von Bauwerken - Bewertung der Nachhaltigkeit von Gebäuden und Ingenieurbauwerken - Teil 5: Leitfaden zu den Grundsätzen für und den Anforderungen an IngenieurbauwerkeContribution des ouvrages de construction au développement durable - Évaluation de la contribution des bâtiments et des ouvrages de génie civil au développement durable - Partie 5 : Cadre méthodologique définissant les principes et les exigences spécifiques aux ouvrages de génie civilSustainability of construction works - Sustainability assessment of buildings and civil engineering works - Part 5: Framework on specific principles and requirement for civil engineering works91.040.01Stavbe na splošnoBuildings in general13.020.20Okoljska ekonomija. TrajnostnostEnvironmental economics. SustainabilityICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 15643-5:2017SIST EN 15643-5:2018en,fr,de01-februar-2018SIST EN 15643-5:2018SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 15643-5:2018
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 15643-5
November
t r s y ICS
{ sä r v rä r s English Version

Sustainability of construction works æ Sustainability assessment of buildings and civil engineering works æ Part

wã Framework on specific principles and requirement for civil engineering works Contribution des ouvrages de construction au développement durable æ Évaluation de la contribution des bâtiments et des ouvrages de génie civil au développement durable æ Partie

w ã Cadre méthodologique définissant les principes et les exigences spécifiques aux ouvrages de génie civil

Nachhaltigkeit von Bauwerken æ Bewertung der Nachhaltigkeit von Gebäuden und Ingenieurbauwerken æ Teil

wã Leitfaden zu den Grundsätzen für und den Anforderungen an Ingenieurbauwerke This European Standard was approved by CEN on

s x July
t r s yä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels

t r s y CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s w x v uæ wã t r s y ESIST EN 15643-5:2018

EN 15643-5:2017 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4 1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................................... 7 2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................................... 7 3 Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................................... 8 4 Principles ................................................................................................................................................................ 20 4.1 General................................................................................................................................................................. 20 4.2 Objectives of sustainability performance assessment of civil engineering works .................. 21 4.3 Approach to assessment of sustainability performance ................................................................... 21 4.4 Relevance of technical and functional requirements ......................................................................... 21 4.5 Consideration of the civil engineering works life cycle ..................................................................... 21 4.6 Assessment of impacts and aspects related to the civil engineering works ............................... 22 5 Requirements for assessment methods ...................................................................................................... 22 5.1 General................................................................................................................................................................. 22 5.2 Object of assessment and the system boundary ................................................................................... 22 5.3 Type of data and their assignment to the civil engineering works life cycle ............................. 24 5.4 Requirements for data quality .................................................................................................................... 27 5.5 Requirements for verification ..................................................................................................................... 28 5.6 Transparency of the assessment methods ............................................................................................. 28 5.7 Requirements for reporting and communication ................................................................................ 28 6 Requirements for assessment methods of environmental, social and economic performance of civil engineering works ....................................................................................................................................... 31 6.1 Overview of the methodology for assessment of environmental, social and economic performance of civil engineering works ............................................................................................................ 31 6.2 Environmental indicators categories ....................................................................................................... 31 6.3 Social indicators categories ......................................................................................................................... 32 6.4 Economic indicators categories .................................................................................................................. 33 7 Assessment of aspects and impacts related to the use of the asset of the civil engineering works .............................................................................................................................................................................. 33 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 34

SIST EN 15643-5:2018

EN 15643-5:2017 (E) 3 European foreword This document (EN 15643-5:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 350 “Sustainability of construction works”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2018, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by May 2018. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document is part of a series of standards that consists of the following parts: — EN 15643-1, Sustainability of construction works - Sustainability assessment of buildings - Part 1: General framework — EN 15643-2, Sustainability of construction works - Assessment of buildings - Part 2: Framework for the assessment of environmental performance — EN 15643-3, Sustainability of construction works - Assessment of buildings - Part 3: Framework for the assessment of social performance — EN 15643-4, Sustainability of construction works - Assessment of buildings - Part 4: Framework for the assessment of economic performance — EN 15643-5, Sustainability of construction works - Sustainability assessment of buildings and civil engineering works - Part 5: Framework on specific principles and requirement for civil engineering works According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 15643-5:2018

EN 15643-5:2017 (E) 4 Introduction This European Standard forms part of a series of European Standards, written by CEN/TC 350, that provide a system for the sustainability assessment of civil engineering works using a life cycle approach. The sustainability assessment quantifies aspects and impacts to assess the environmental, social and economic performance of civil engineering works using quantifiable indicators measured without value judgements. The purpose of this series of standards is to enable comparability of the results of assessments. This series of European Standards does not set benchmarks or levels of performance. This series of standards will allow the sustainability assessment, i.e. the assessment of environmental, social and economic performance of a civil engineering works, to be made concurrently and on an equal footing, on the basis of the technical characteristics and functionality of the object of assessment. The sustainability assessment of civil engineering works uses different types of information. The results of a sustainability assessment of a civil engineering works provide information on the different types of indicators, the related civil engineering works scenarios, and the life cycle stages included in the assessment. In carrying out assessments, scenarios and a functional equivalence are determined at the civil engineering works level. Assessment at the civil engineering works level means that the descriptive model of the works with the major technical and functional requirements has been defined in the client’s brief or in the regulations, as illustrated in Figure 1. Assessments can be undertaken either for the whole civil engineering works, for a part of the civil engineering works or for a combination of several civil engineering works. Although the evaluation of technical and functional performance is beyond the scope of this series of standards, the technical and functional characteristics are considered within this framework by reference to the functional equivalence. The functional equivalence takes into account the technical and functional requirements and forms the basis for comparisons of the results of the assessment. Any particular demands for, or related to, the environmental, social and economic performance defined in the client’s brief, or in regulations, may be declared and communicated. Figure 1 shows how the functional equivalence, and the technical and functional characteristics that differ from those required, either by the client’s brief or through regulations, are to be declared and communicated with the results of the assessment. SIST EN 15643-5:2018

EN 15643-5:2017 (E) 5

NOTE The outer box with the dotted line represents the area standardized by CEN/TC 350. Figure 1 — Concept of sustainability assessment of Civil engineering works In concept, the integrated civil engineering works performance incorporates environmental, social and economic performance as well as the technical and functional performance, and these are intrinsically related to each other, as illustrated in Figure 2. Although the assessment of technical and functional performance does not form part of this series of standards, their interrelationship with environmental, social and economic performance is a prerequisite for an assessment of sustainability performance of civil engineering works and, therefore, is taken into account. The users utilization impacts and aspect are part of the assessment, including those related to the possible ways of use of the infrastructure, the users utilization, and the way of capitalizing from the investment (e.g. the fuel consumed by the cars users of a road). It is advisable to carry out an assessment at the earliest opportunity during the conceptual stages of a construction or refurbishment project such as in the initial planning stage in order to provide a broad estimate of the environmental performance, social performance and economic performance. As the project evolves, the assessment may be periodically reviewed and updated to support decision-making. A final assessment (as-built) should be carried out. The results of this final assessment can be used to inform all parties concerned, and also serve as the database for future new similar projects. SIST EN 15643-5:2018

EN 15643-5:2017 (E) 6

NOTE The coloured boxes represent the current work programme of CEN/TC 350. Figure 2 — Work program of CEN/TC 350 This framework is a part of the framework standards for sustainability assessment of civil engineering works. The purpose of this EN 15643-5 is to provide a framework with principles, requirements and guidelines for the assessment of the environmental, social and economic performance of a civil engineering works at the “framework level”. In the drafting of this European Standard, ISO 21930 and ISO/TS 21929-2 have been taken into consideration. SIST EN 15643-5:2018

EN 15643-5:2017 (E) 7 1 Scope This European Standard provides specific principles and requirements for the assessment of environmental, social and economic performance of civil engineering works taking into account its technical characteristics and functionality. Assessments of environmental, social and economic performance are the three aspects of sustainability assessment of civil engineering works. The framework applies to all types of civil engineering works, both new and existing, and it is relevant for the assessment of the environmental, social and economic performance of new civil engineering works over their entire life cycle, and of existing civil engineering works over their remaining service life and end of life stage. The sustainability performance assessment of civil engineering works concentrates on the assessment of aspects and impacts of civil engineering works expressed with quantifiable indicators. It includes the assessment of a civil engineering works’ influence on the environmental, social and economic impacts and aspects of the local infrastructure beyond the area of the civil engineering works, and environmental impacts and aspects resulting from transportation of the users of the civil engineering works and the use and exploitation of the infrastructure itself. It excludes environmental, social and economic risk assessment, but the results of the risk assessment should be taken into consideration. The European Standards developed under this framework do not set the rules for how the different assessment methodologies may provide valuation methods; nor do they prescribe levels, classes or benchmarks for measuring performance. NOTE Valuation methods, levels, classes or benchmarks can be prescribed in the requirements for environmental, social and economic performance in the client’s brief, construction regulations, national standards, national codes of practice, civil engineering works assessment and certification schemes, etc. The rules for assessment of environmental, social and economic aspects of organizations, such as management systems, are not included within this framework. However, the consequences of decisions or actions that influence the environmental, social and economic performance of the object of assessment are taken into account. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 15804, Sustainability of construction works - Environmental product declarations - Core rules for the product category of construction products EN 15978, Sustainability of construction works - Assessment of environmental performance of buildings - Calculation method EN 16309, Sustainability of construction works - Assessment of social performance of buildings - Calculation methodology EN 16627, Sustainability of construction works - Assessment of economic performance of buildings - Calculation methods EN ISO 14044, Environmental management - Life cycle assessment - Requirements and guidelines (ISO 14044) ISO 15392:2008, Sustainability in building construction — General principles SIST EN 15643-5:2018

EN 15643-5:2017 (E) 8 ISO 15686-1:2011, Buildings and constructed assets — Service life planning — Part 1: General principles and framework ISO 15686-2, Buildings and constructed assets — Service life planning — Part 2: Service life prediction procedures ISO 15686-7, Buildings and constructed assets — Service life planning — Part 7: Performance evaluation for feedback of service life data from practice ISO 15686-8, Buildings and constructed assets — Service-life planning — Part 8: Reference service life and service-life estimation ISO/TS 15686-9, Buildings and constructed assets — Service-life planning — Part 9: Guidance on assessment of service-life data ISO/TS 21929-2, Sustainability in building construction — Sustainability indicators — Part 2: Framework for the development of indicators for civil engineering works 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 area of influence area or combination of areas surrounding a civil engineering works that can be affected with changes to their economical, environmental or social conditions by the civil engineering works’ operations throughout its life cycle Note 1 to entry: The area of influence is defined per aspect. Note 2 to entry: The area of influence is variable and dependent on the civil engineering works project, its location and its life cycle stage. Note 3 to entry: The influence area concerns only the civil engineering works and not the construction products. Example: Stones coming from China, China is not in the influence area. [SOURCE: ISO/TS 21929-2:2015] 3.2 assembled system part of works component or a set of components incorporated in the civil engineering works Note 1 to entry: Adapted from the definitions in the Construction Products Directive (CPD) Guidance Paper C and from the definition of construction in ISO 6707-1:2014. 3.3 brief written document that states the client’s requirements for a construction project Note 1 to entry: Adapted from ISO 6707-2:2014. 3.4 building construction works that has the provision of shelter for its occupants or contents as one of its main purposes and is usually enclosed and designed to stand permanently in one place [SOURCE: ISO 6707-1:2014, modified] SIST EN 15643-5:2018

EN 15643-5:2017 (E) 9 3.5 building-integrated technical system installed technical equipment to support operation and maintenance of a building or civil engineering works Note 1 to entry: This includes technical building systems and other systems for sanitation, security, fire safety, internal transport, building automation and control, and IT communications. Note 2 to entry: These systems are used in many civil engineering works, to provide necessary services. 3.6 construction site specified area of land where a building or a civil engineering works is located or is defined to be located and construction work of the building or civil engineering works and associated external works are undertaken Note 1 to entry: Adapted from the definition of site in ISO 6707-1:2014 3.7 built environment collection of buildings, civil engineering works, external works (landscape area), associated infrastructures and other civil engineering works within an area Note 1 to entry: Adapted from the definition of environment in ISO 6707-1:2014. 3.8 civil engineering works construction works comprising a structure, such as a dam, bridge, road, railway, runway, utilities, pipeline, or sewerage system, or the result of operations such as dredging, earthwork, geotechnical processes, but excluding a building and its associated site works [SOURCE: ISO/TS 21929-2:2015] 3.9 client person or organisation that requires a building or civil engineering works to be provided, altered or extended and is responsible for initiating and approving the brief Note 1 to entry: Adapted from ISO 6707-1:2014. 3.10 component construction product manufactured as a distinct unit to serve a specific function or functions [SOURCE: ISO 6707-1:2014] 3.11 construction product item manufactured or processed for incorporation in civil engineering works Note 1 to entry: Construction products are items supplied by a single responsible body. Note 2 to entry: Adapted from the definition in ISO 6707-1:2014 according to the recommendation of ISO/TC59/AHG Terminology. SIST EN 15643-5:2018

EN 15643-5:2017 (E) 10 3.12 construction work activities of forming a civil engineering works [SOURCE: ISO 6707-1:2014] 3.13 construction works everything that is constructed or results from construction operations Note 1 to entry: This covers both building and civil engineering works, and both structural and non-structural elements. Note 2 to entry: Adapted from the definition in ISO 6707-1:2014. 3.14 cut-off criteria specification of the amount of resource flows or the level of significance associated with unit processes or product system to be excluded from a study [SOURCE: EN ISO 14044:2006] 3.15 characterization factor factor derived from a characterization model which is applied to convert an assigned life cycle inventory analysis result to the common unit of the category indicator Note 1 to entry: The common unit allows calculation of the category indicator result. [SOURCE: EN ISO 14044:2006] 3.16 decommissioning activities that change a building or a civil engineering works or an assembled system (part of works) from an operational status to a non-operational status 3.17 delivered energy total energy, expressed per energy carrier, supplied to the technical system of works through the system boundary to satisfy the uses taken into account or to produce energy [SOURCE: EN 15603:2008] 3.18 design life service life intended by the designer [SOURCE: ISO 15686-1:2011] 3.19 disposal waste treatment operation other than recovery Note 1 to entry: Adapted from the definition in Directive 2008/98/EC. SIST EN 15643-5:2018

EN 15643-5:2017 (E) 11 3.20 durability ability to maintain the required technical performance throughout the service life subject to specified maintenance, under the influence of foreseeable action taken into account in the scenarios Note 1 to entry: Foreseeable actions are related to “normal” agents that could be expected to act on the works or parts thereof). Potential degradation agents include, for example, temperature, humidity, water, UV radiation, abrasion, chemical attack, biological attack, corrosion, weathering, frost, freeze–thaw and fatigue. 3.21 economic aspect aspect of civil engineering works, assembled system (part of works), processes or services related to their life cycle that can cause change to economic conditions [SOURCE: ISO 15392:2008] 3.22 economic impact any change to the economic conditions, whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from economic aspects Note 1 to entry: Derived from the definitions of impact and economic impact in ISO 15392:2008. 3.23 economic performance performance related to economic impacts and economic aspects [SOURCE: ISO 15392:2008] 3.24 environmental aspect aspect of civil engineering works, part of works, processes or services related to their life cycle that can cause change to the environment [SOURCE: ISO 21931-1:2010] 3.25 environmental impact any change to the environment, whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from environmental aspects Note 1 to entry: Derived from the definitions of impact and environmental impact in ISO 15392:2008. [SOURCE: ISO 21931-1:2010] 3.26 environmental performance performance related to environmental impacts and environmental aspects [SOURCE: ISO 15392:2008] SIST EN 15643-5:2018

EN 15643-5:2017 (E) 12 3.27 environmental risk assessment process of systematic estimation of the probability of a particular set of circumstances and its negative environmental consequences and process of comparing the estimation results against given criteria to determine their environmental significance Note 1 to entry: Adapted from ISO/IEC Guide 73:2009. 3.28 estimated service life service life that a building or civil engineering works or an assembled system (part of works) would be expected to have in a set of specific in-use conditions. It is determined from reference service life data after taking into account any differences from the reference in-use conditions Note 1 to entry: Adapted from ISO 15686-1:2011. 3.29 exported energy total energy, expressed per energy carrier, supplied by the civil engineering works through the system boundary 3.30 external works all infrastructure, external to the works structure, that is specifically or significantly needed for constructing and maintaining the civil engineering works 3.31 financial value aggregate of costs and revenues of economic aspects expressed in monetary units, considering the price level 3.32 functional equivalence quantified functional requirements and/or technical requirements for a building or civil engineering works or an assembled system (part of works) for use as a basis for comparison Note 1 to entry: Adapted from ISO 21931-1:2010. 3.33 functional performance performance related to the functionality of a civil engineering works or an assembled system (part of works), which is required by the client, users and/or by regulations Note 1 to entry: Adapted from the definition in ISO 15686-10:2010. 3.34 functional requirement type and level of functionality of a building, civil engineering works or assembled system which is required by the client, users and/or by regulations Note 1 to entry: Adapted from the definition in ISO 15686-10:2010. 3.35 functional unit quantified performance of a product system for use as a reference unit [SOURCE: EN ISO 14040:2006] SIST EN 15643-5:2018

EN 15643-5:2017 (E) 13 3.36 functionality suitability or usefulness for a specific purpose or activity [SOURCE: ISO 15686-10:2010] 3.37 handover step at which possession of the civil engineering works is surrendered to the client upon completion with or without reservation Note 1 to entry: Adapted from ISO 6707-2:2014. 3.38 impact category class representing environmental issues of concern to which life cycle inventory analysis results may be assigned [SOURCE: EN ISO 14044:2006] 3.39 impact category indicator quantifiable representation of an impact category [SOURCE: EN ISO 14044:2006] 3.40 information module compilation of data to be used as a basis for a type III environmental declaration, covering a unit process or a combination of unit processes that are part of the life cycle of a product [SOURCE: ISO 14025:2006] 3.41 in-use condition any circumstance that can impact the performance of a civil engineering works or assembled system (part of works) under normal use [SOURCE: ISO 15686-8:2008] 3.42 level of functionality number indicating the relative functionality required for a user group or customer for one topic on a predetermined demand scale from the level of the least (functionality) to the level of the most (functionality) Note 1 to entry: The level of functionality can be the consequence of several distinct functions required to act in combination. EXAMPLE Scale of integers from 0 to 9. [SOURCE: ISO 15686-10:2010] SIST EN 15643-5:2018

EN 15643-5:2017 (E) 14 3.43 life cycle consecutive and interlinked stages in the life of the object under consideration 3.44 life cycle assessment LCA compilation and evaluation of the inputs, outputs and the potential environmental impacts of a product system throughout its life cycle Note 1 to entry: In this context, a civil engineering works or assembled system is considered a “product” and a part of a “product system”. [SOURCE: EN ISO 14044:2006] 3.45 life cycle cost LCC cost of a civil engineering works or part of works throughout its whole life cycle 3.46 life cycle impact assessment LCIA phase of life cycle assessment aimed at understanding and evaluating the magnitude and significance of the potential environmental impacts for a product system throughout the life cycle of the product Note 1 to entry: In this context, a civil engineering works or assembled system is considered a “product” and a part of a “product system”. [SOURCE: EN ISO 14044:20

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