Safety of toys - Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use

This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for activity toys often attached to or incorporating a crossbeam, and similar toys intended for children under 14 years to play on or in and often intended to bear the mass of one or more children.
This European Standard also specifies requirements for:
-   separately sold accessories for, and components of activity toys;
-   separately sold swing elements that are ready for use on or in combination with an activity toy;
-   construction packages for activity toys including components used to build activity toys according to a scheduled building instruction.
The scope of this European Standard excludes:
-   playground equipment intended for public use dealt with in EN 1176;
-   bow-mounted rocking activity toys such as rocking horses and similar toys are covered by specific requirements in EN 71-1;
-   toy pools with maximum depth of water over 400 mm measured, between the overflow level and the deepest point within the pool;
-   toy trampolines.
NOTE 1   Requirements for toy trampolines and non-aquatic inflatable toys are being elaborated.
NOTE 2   There is an enhanced risk of drowning in toy pools where the depth of water is in excess of 400 mm.

Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 8: Aktivitätsspielzeug für den häuslichen Gebrauch

Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen an und Prüfverfahren für Aktivitätsspielzeug für den häuslichen
Gebrauch fest, das häufig an einem Querbalken angebracht ist oder diesen einschließt, und ähnliches Spielzeug für Kinder unter 14 Jahren, das zum Spielen darauf oder darin und häufig zum Tragen des Gewichtes eines oder mehrerer Kinder vorgesehen ist. Diese Europäische Norm legt außerdem Anforderungen fest für:
- einzeln verkaufte Zubehörteile für und Bauteile von Aktivitätsspielzeug;
- einzeln verkaufte Schaukelelemente, die gebrauchsfertig an oder in Kombination mit einem Aktivitätsspielzeug sind;
- Bausätze für Aktivitätsspielzeuge einschließlich Bauteile, die verwendet werden, um Aktivitätsspielzeuge nach einer vorgegebenen Konstruktionsanweisung zusammen zu bauen.
Vom Anwendungsbereich dieser Europäischen Norm ausgeschlossen sind:
- Spielplatzgeräte, die für den öffentlichen Gebrauch bestimmt sind und in EN 1176 behandelt werden;
- auf Wiegekufen befestigtes Aktivitätsspielzeug, wie Schaukelpferde und ähnliches Spielzeug, die durch
spezifische Anforderungen in EN 71-1 abgedeckt werden;
- Spielbecken mit einer Höchstwassertiefe von über 400 mm, vom Überlauf und dem tiefsten Punkt innerhalb des Beckens gemessen;
- Spielzeugtrampoline. ANMERKUNG 1 Anforderungen an Spielzeugtrampoline und an nicht zur Anwendung im Wasser geeignetes aufblasbares Spielzeug werden derzeit erarbeitet.
ANMERKUNG 2 Bei Spielbecken mit einer Wassertiefe größer als 400 mm besteht ein erhöhtes Risiko des Ertrinkens.

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 8: Jouets d'activité à usage familial

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences et les méthodes d’essai relatives aux jouets d’activité à
usage familial souvent attachés à une barre transversale ou en comportant une, et aux jouets similaires, sur
lesquels ou dans lesquels les enfants jouent. Ces jouets sont destinés aux enfants âgés de moins de 14 ans
et sont fréquemment prévus pour supporter le poids d’un ou de plusieurs enfants.
La présente Norme européenne spécifie aussi les exigences pour :
¾ les accessoires de jouets d’activité vendus séparément et les composants de jouets d’activité ;
¾ les éléments de balançoire vendus séparément, prêts à être utilisés sur un jouet d’activité ou avec celuici
;
¾ les boîtes de construction pour jouets d’activité comprenant des composants utilisés pour construire des
jouets d’activité suivant une notice de montage par étapes.
Le domaine d’application de la présente Norme européenne exclut :
¾ les équipements d’aires de jeux destinés à un usage public traités dans l’EN 1176 ;
¾ les jouets d’activité à bascule tels que les chevaux à bascule et jouets similaires, couverts par des
exigences spécifiques de l’EN 71-1 ;
¾ les bassins de jeu avec une profondeur d’eau maximale supérieure à 400 mm, cette mesure étant
effectuée entre le niveau de débordement et le point le plus profond du bassin ;
¾ les trampolines jouets.
NOTE 1 Les exigences relatives aux trampolines jouets et aux jouets gonflables non aquatiques sont en cours
d’élaboration.
NOTE 2 Le risque de noyade dans les bassins de jeu augmente lorsque la profondeur d’eau dépasse 400 mm.

Varnost igrač - 8. del: Igrače za prostočasne aktivnosti za domačo uporabo

Ta del EN 71 opredeljuje zahteve in preskusne metode igrač za prostočasno uporabo za domačo uporabo, ki so pogosto pritrjene na ogrodje ali ga vključujejo, in podobne igrače, namenjene otrokom, mlajšim od 14 let, da se igrajo na ali v njih, in pogosto zasnovane, da nosijo maso enega ali več otrok.
Ta del IEC 71 tudi določa zahteve za:
- sestavne dele in pribor za igrače za prostočasne dejavnosti, ki se prodajajo ločeno;
- gugalne elemente, pripravljene za uporabo na igrači za prostočasne dejavnosti ali v kombinaciji z njo, ki se prodajajo ločeno;
- konstrukcijske pakete za igrače za prostočasne dejavnosti, vključno s sestavnimi deli za gradnjo igrač za prostočasne dejavnosti v skladu z navodili za gradnjo.
Obseg izključuje opremo za uporabo v šolah, vrtcih, javnih igriščih, restavracijah, nakupovalnih centrih in podobnih javnih mestih, obravnavano v EN 1176.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
27-Sep-2011
Withdrawal Date
09-Jan-2018
Technical Committee
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
10-Jan-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 71-8:2011
01-november-2011
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 71-8:2003+A4:2009
9DUQRVWLJUDþGHO,JUDþH]DSURVWRþDVQHDNWLYQRVWL]DGRPDþRXSRUDER
Safety of toys - Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use

Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 8: Aktivitätsspielzeug für den häuslichen Gebrauch

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 8: Jouets d'activité à usage familial
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 71-8:2011
ICS:
97.200.50 ,JUDþH Toys
SIST EN 71-8:2011 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 71-8:2011
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 71-8:2011
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 71-8
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
September 2011
ICS 97.200.50 Supersedes EN 71-8:2003+A4:2009
English Version
Safety of toys - Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 8: Jouets d'activité à usage Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 8: Aktivitätsspielzeug für

familial den häuslichen Gebrauch
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 3 September 2011.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2011 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 71-8:2011: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 71-8:2011
EN 71-8:2011 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................4

1 Scope (see A.1) ......................................................................................................................................6

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................6

3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................6

4 Requirements ...................................................................................................................................... 10

4.1 General (see A.2)................................................................................................................................. 10

4.1.1 Assembly ............................................................................................................................................. 10

4.1.2 Static strength ..................................................................................................................................... 10

4.1.3 Maximum height (see A.3) ................................................................................................................. 10

4.1.4 Corners and edges (see A.4) ............................................................................................................. 10

4.1.5 Protruding parts .................................................................................................................................. 10

4.1.6 Diameter of ropes and other means of suspension ........................................................................ 10

4.2 Barriers, handrails and ladders and similar means of access to activity toys ............................ 11

4.2.1 Barriers and handrails preventing a child from falling down (see A.5) ........................................ 11

4.2.2 Ladders and similar means of access to activity toys (see A.6) ................................................... 11

4.3 Entrapment (see A.7) .......................................................................................................................... 13

4.3.1 Head and neck entrapment ................................................................................................................ 13

4.3.2 Entrapment of clothing and hair ....................................................................................................... 13

4.3.3 Entrapment of feet .............................................................................................................................. 14

4.3.4 Entrapment of fingers ........................................................................................................................ 14

4.4 Stability of activity toys other than slides, swings and activity toys with crossbeams, and

see-saws .............................................................................................................................................. 15

4.4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 15

4.4.2 Stability of activity toys with a free height of fall of 600 mm or less ............................................. 15

4.4.3 Stability of activity toys with a free height of fall of more than 600 mm ....................................... 15

4.5 Slides (see A.8) ................................................................................................................................... 15

4.5.1 Stability of slides ................................................................................................................................ 15

4.5.2 Retaining sides for slides (see A.9) .................................................................................................. 15

4.5.3 Starting, sliding and run-out sections on slides ............................................................................. 16

4.6 Swings (see A.10) ............................................................................................................................... 18

4.6.1 Stability of swings and other activity toys with crossbeams ........................................................ 18

4.6.2 Strength of crossbeams, swing devices and suspension connectors ......................................... 19

4.6.3 Swings intended for children under 36 months .............................................................................. 19

4.6.4 Minimum clearance between adjacent swing elements, and adjacent structures ...................... 19

4.6.5 Lateral stability of swing elements ................................................................................................... 20

4.6.6 Minimum clearance between swing elements and the ground (see A.11).................................... 21

4.6.7 Suspension connectors and swing devices .................................................................................... 21

4.6.8 Impact, geometry and design of swing elements ............................................................................ 22

4.7 See-saws .............................................................................................................................................. 23

4.7.1 Stability of see-saws .......................................................................................................................... 23

4.7.2 Seat/stand height ................................................................................................................................ 23

4.7.3 Restraint of motion ............................................................................................................................. 23

4.7.4 Pinching and crushing of fingers and toes ...................................................................................... 23

4.7.5 Hand supports ..................................................................................................................................... 23

4.8 Carousels and rocking activity toys (see A.12) ............................................................................... 23

4.9 Paddling pools .................................................................................................................................... 24

4.9.1 Static strength of paddling pools with non-inflatable walls ........................................................... 24

4.9.2 Paddling pools with inflatable walls ................................................................................................. 24

5 Warnings, markings, and instructions ............................................................................................. 24

5.1 Warnings and markings ..................................................................................................................... 24

5.1.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 24

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SIST EN 71-8:2011
EN 71-8:2011 (E)

5.1.2 Paddling pools ..................................................................................................................................... 25

5.2 Assembly and installation instructions ............................................................................................ 25

5.3 Maintenance ......................................................................................................................................... 26

6 Test methods ....................................................................................................................................... 27

6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 27

6.2 Stability ................................................................................................................................................. 27

6.2.1 Stability of activity toys with a free height of fall of 600 mm or less (see 4.4.2 and 4.8) ............. 27

6.2.2 Stability of activity toys with a free height of fall of more than 600 mm (see 4.4.3) ..................... 29

6.2.3 Stability of slides (see 4.5.1)............................................................................................................... 29

6.2.4 Stability of swings and other activity toys with crossbeams (see 4.6.1) ....................................... 30

6.2.5 Stability of see-saws (see 4.7.1) ......................................................................................................... 31

6.3 Static strength ..................................................................................................................................... 32

6.3.1 Strength of activity toys other than swings and paddling pools (see 4.1.2 and 4.8) ................... 32

6.3.2 Strength of swings (see 4.6.2) ............................................................................................................ 34

6.4 Dynamic strength of barriers and handrails (see 4.2.1) .................................................................. 35

6.4.1 Principle................................................................................................................................................ 35

6.4.2 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................. 35

6.4.3 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................. 36

6.5 Test for head and neck entrapment (see 4.3.1) ................................................................................ 36

6.5.1 Head and neck entrapment in accessible completely bound openings (see 4.3.1 a) and

4.3.1 c)) ................................................................................................................................................. 36

6.5.2 Head and neck entrapment in partially bound and V-shaped openings (see 4.3.1 d)) ................ 38

6.6 Toggle test (see 4.3.2) ......................................................................................................................... 41

6.6.1 Principle................................................................................................................................................ 41

6.6.2 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................. 41

6.6.3 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................. 42

6.7 Measurements of sliding and run-out sections on slides (see 4.5.3) ............................................ 45

6.7.1 Measurement of inclination of the sliding section on slides (see 4.5.3 f)) .................................... 45

6.7.2 Measurement of the minimum angle between the sliding section and the run-out section

on slides (see 4.5.3 g)) ........................................................................................................................ 45

6.8 Diameter of ropes and other means of suspension (see 4.1.6) ...................................................... 47

6.9 Determination of impact from swing elements (see 4.6.8.2) ........................................................... 48

6.9.1 Principle................................................................................................................................................ 48

6.9.2 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................. 48

6.9.3 Preparations ......................................................................................................................................... 49

6.9.4 Testing .................................................................................................................................................. 50

6.10 Static load test for paddling pools with non-inflatable walls (see 4.9.1) ....................................... 51

Annex A (informative) Rationale ...................................................................................................................... 52

A.1 Activity toys (see scope) .................................................................................................................... 52

A.2 General requirements (see 4.1) .......................................................................................................... 52

A.3 General requirements (maximum height) (see 4.1.3) ....................................................................... 52

A.4 Corners and edges (see 4.1.4) ........................................................................................................... 52

A.5 Barriers (see 4.2) ................................................................................................................................. 53

A.6 Ladders and similar means of access to activity toys (see 4.2.2) .................................................. 53

A.7 Entrapment (see 4.3) ........................................................................................................................... 53

A.8 Slides (see 4.5) ..................................................................................................................................... 53

A.9 Retaining sides for slides (see 4.5.2) ................................................................................................ 53

A.10 Swings (see 4.6) ................................................................................................................................... 54

A.11 Clearance between swing elements and the ground for crossbeams with a maximum

height of 1 200 mm (see 4.6.6) ........................................................................................................... 54

A.12 Rocking activity toys and similar toys (see 4.8) .............................................................................. 55

A.13 Stability of swings and other activity toys with crossbeams (see 6.2.4.1.1) ................................. 55

Annex B (informative) Significant technical changes between this European Standard and the

previous version .................................................................................................................................. 56

Annex ZA (informative) Clauses of this European Standard addressing essential requirements or

other provisions of EU Directives ...................................................................................................... 58

Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 59

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SIST EN 71-8:2011
EN 71-8:2011 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN 71-8:2011) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 52 “Safety of toys”, the

secretariat of which is held by DS.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2012 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at

the latest by March 2012.
This document supersedes EN 71-8:2003+A4:2009.

Annex B provides details of significant technical changes between this European Standard and the previous

edition.

This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission

and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this European

Standard.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This European Standard constitutes the eight part of the European Standard on safety of toys. It should be

read in conjunction with Part 1.
This European Standard for safety of toys consists of the following parts:
 Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties
 Part 2: Flammability
 Part 3: Migration of certain elements
 Part 4: Experimental sets for chemistry and related activities
 Part 5: Chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets
 Part 7: Finger paints — Requirements and test methods
 Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use
 Part 9: Organic chemical compounds — Requirements
 Part 10: Organic chemical compounds — Sample preparation and extraction
 Part 11: Organic chemical compounds — Methods of analysis

NOTE 1 In addition to the above parts of EN 71, the following guidance documents have been published: CEN Report,

CR 14379:2002, Classification of toys - Guidelines, CEN Technical Report CEN/TR 15071:2005, Safety of toys - National

translations of warnings and instructions for use in EN 71, and CEN Technical Report CEN/TR 15371:2009, Safety of toys

– Replies to requests for interpretation of EN 71-1, EN 71-2, and EN 71-8.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 71-8:2011
EN 71-8:2011 (E)
NOTE 2 Different legal requirements may exist in non-EU countries.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 71-8:2011
EN 71-8:2011 (E)
1 Scope (see A.1)

This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for activity toys for domestic use often

attached to or incorporating a crossbeam, and similar toys intended for children under 14 years to play on or

in and often intended to bear the mass of one or more children.
This European Standard also specifies requirements for:
 separately sold accessories for, and components of activity toys;

 separately sold swing elements that are ready for use on or in combination with an activity toy;

 construction packages for activity toys including components used to build activity toys according to a

scheduled building instruction.
The scope of this European Standard excludes:
 playground equipment intended for public use dealt with in EN 1176;

 bow-mounted rocking activity toys such as rocking horses and similar toys, which are covered by specific

requirements in EN 71-1;

 toy pools with maximum depth of water over 400 mm measured, between the overflow level and the

deepest point within the pool;
 toy trampolines.

NOTE 1 Requirements for toy trampolines and non-aquatic inflatable toys are being elaborated.

NOTE 2 There is an enhanced risk of drowning in toy pools where the depth of water is in excess of 400 mm.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.
EN 71-1, Safety of toys — Mechanical and physical properties
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
activity toy

toy for domestic use, in which the support structure remains stationary while the activity is taking place and

which is intended for the performance by a child of any of the following activities: climbing, jumping, swinging,

sliding, rocking, spinning, paddling, crawling and creeping, or any combination thereof

NOTE Examples of such toys are swings, slides, carousels, climbing frames, playhouses and tents, paddling pools,

non-aquatic inflatable toys. In contrast, ride-on vehicles are not considered as activity toys.

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SIST EN 71-8:2011
EN 71-8:2011 (E)
3.2
anchor
device used to fix an activity toy to the standing surface
3.3
barrier
device intended to prevent the user from falling and from passing beneath
3.4
crossbeam

bar or beam which forms a main load bearing part of certain activity toys (see Figure 2)

3.5
entrapment

hazard presented by a situation in which a body, part of a body, or clothing is entrapped

3.6
exposed edge

edge intended to be touched and/or gripped by a child during the use of an activity toy

NOTE Exposed edges are commonly found on doors, windows, shutters, ladders, steps, handrails, retaining sides for

slides and seats.
3.7
forced movement

movement where the direction and the extent of the child’s movement is determined by the operation of the

equipment, for example swinging, sliding, rocking and revolving
3.8
free height of fall

greatest vertical distance from the clearly intended body support to the impact area below

3.9
free space

space in, on or around the activity toy that can be occupied by a user undergoing a forced movement caused

by use of the equipment (e.g. swinging, sliding, rocking, revolving)

NOTE The definition of free space does not include the three-dimensional space in which a falling movement takes

place.
3.10
handrail
rail intended to assist the user to balance
3.11
platform

raised surface where one or more users can stand without the need of hand support

NOTE The classification of a platform will vary depending on its function. Surfaces where the user is only able to

stand with the aid of hand supports are not classified as platforms. Exclusion of surfaces from the definition can be

achieved by a number of means, e.g.:
 reducing the surface area to restrict free movement and encourage holding on;
 incline the surface to encourage holding on;
 introducing movement to the surface to encourage holding on.
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SIST EN 71-8:2011
EN 71-8:2011 (E)
3.12
slide

structure with inclined surface(s) on which the user slides in a defined track (see Figure 1)

NOTE 1 Inclined planes, designed primarily for other purposes, such as roofs, do not constitute slides.

Key
A starting section
B sliding section
C run-out section
D height of slide
B + C slide length

NOTE 2 The dimensions A, B, and C are taken at the centreline of the sliding surface. Each of these sizes represents

one of the zones of the sliding surface. Each zone of the sliding surface is determined by the intersection of the curve of

the sliding surface (taken at the bottom of the sliding surface) and the bisecting line of the angle formed by the zones of

the sliding surfaces between themselves.
Figure 1 — Diagrammatic representation of a slide
3.13
suspension connector

device which forms the direct contact between a crossbeam and the means of suspension (see Figure 2)

3.14
swing

structure incorporating a crossbeam, suspension connectors and a swing device with swing element,

suspension coupling and means of suspension
NOTE Examples of swings are shown in Figure 2.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 71-8:2011
EN 71-8:2011 (E)
a) Example of a flat seat b) Example of a gondola
Key
1 swing device
2 crossbeam
3 suspension connector
4 suspension coupling
5 means of suspension
6 swing element (e.g. seat, rings, bar, gondola)

NOTE A swing device can include one or more footrests. Footrests are considered as parts of the swing elements.

Figure 2 — Diagrammatic representation of examples of swings
3.15
paddling pool

toy pool with a maximum depth of water of 400 mm measured between the overflow level and the deepest

point within the pool

NOTE Examples of typical paddling pools can be found in the guidance document on the application of the directive

on the safety of toys (2009/48/EC).
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 71-8:2011
EN 71-8:2011 (E)
4 Requirements
4.1 General (see A.2)
4.1.1 Assembly

Activity toys shall be assembled using self-locking mechanisms which, to avoid unintentional disassembling

due to dynamic forces during use, may include spring washers and/or self-locking nuts.

NOTE Self-taping screws or nails are considered as self-locking devices.
4.1.2 Static strength

Activity toys other than swings and paddling pools, when tested according to 6.3.1 (strength of activity toys

other than swings and paddling pools), shall not collapse such that they do not continue to comply with the

relevant requirements of EN 71-1.

NOTE Static strength requirements for swings are given in 4.6.2 and for paddling pools in 4.9.1.

4.1.3 Maximum height (see A.3)

When measured from the ground, there shall be no part of the activity toy where the child is able to climb, sit

or stand above a height of 2 500 mm.
4.1.4 Corners and edges (see A.4)
Exposed edges shall be rounded.

Corners and exposed edges on moving parts shall have a minimum radius of 3 mm. This requirement does

not apply to swing elements with a mass of 1 000 g or less, the corners and edges of which shall be rounded.

4.1.5 Protruding parts

Protruding parts such as bolt ends, threaded bolt ends and other protrusions shall be recessed or be

protected in such a way that they do not constitute a hazard to users of the equipment. This requirement is

applicable when protrusions are situated on accessible moving parts and in places where the user is running,

sliding, climbing, sitting or lying down.
4.1.6 Diameter of ropes and other means of suspension

When measured according to 6.8 (diameter of ropes and other means of suspension), ropes and other means

of suspension shall have the following diameters:
Ropes fixed at both ends diameter between 16 mm and 45 mm
Ropes used in climbing nets and ladders diameter between 10 mm and 45 mm
Free-hanging ropes fixed at upper end diameter between 25 mm and 45 mm
Means of suspension for swing elements minimum diameter/width 10 mm

Words in italics are defined in Clause 3 (terms and definitions). Additional information on the background and rationale

for various requirements is given in Annex A.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN 71-8:2011
EN 71-8:2011 (E)
4.2 Barriers, handrails and ladders and similar means of access to activity toys
4.2.1 Barriers and han
...

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