Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Safety in use of power operated doors - Requirements and test methods

This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for the safety in use of power operated door, gate and barrier, intended for installation in areas in the reach of persons, and for which the main intended use is  giving safe access for goods and vehicles accompanied or driven by persons in industrial, commercial or residential premises.
This European Standard also covers power operated vertically moving commercial doors such as rolling shutters and rolling grilles, used in retail premises which are mainly provided for goods protection.
This European Standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the power operation of industrial, commercial and garage doors, and gates when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable as identified in Clause 4.
All lifetime phases of the machinery including transportation, assembly, dismantling, disabling and scrapping are considered by this standard.
This European Standard does not apply to
-   lock gates and dock gates;
-   doors on lifts;
-   doors on vehicles;
-   armoured doors;
-   doors mainly for the retention of animals, unless they are at the site perimeter ;
-   theatre textile curtains;
-   horizontally moving power operated doors mainly intended for pedestrian use;
-   doors outside the reach of people (such as crane gantry fences);
-   railway barriers;
-   barriers intended solely for use by pedestrians;
-   barriers used solely for vehicles on motorways.
Whenever the term "door" is used in this document, it shall be deemed to cover the full scope of types and variances of doors, gates and barriers in the scope of this Standard.
This European Standard does not deal with any specific requirements on noise emitted from power operated door, gate and barrier, intended for installation in areas in the reach of persons, and for which the main intended use is giving safe access for goods and vehicles accompanied or driven by persons in industrial, commercial or residential premises as their noise emission is not considered to be a relevant hazard.
NOTE   Noise emission of power operated doors is not a significant hazard for the users of these products. It is a comfort aspect.
This European Standard is not applicable to machinery which are manufactured before the date of publication of the standard.

Tore - Nutzungssicherheit kraftbetätigter Tore - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Dieses Dokument legt Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren hinsichtlich der Nutzungssicherheit kraftbetätigter Tore und Schranken fest, die für den Einbau in Zugangsbereichen mit Personenverkehr vorgesehen sind und deren bestimmungsgemäße Verwendung hauptsächlich darin besteht, den sicheren Zugang von Waren und Fahrzeugen, die von Personen geführt oder gesteuert werden, zu industriellen und gewerblichen Anlagen sowie zu Wohnbereichen zu ermöglichen.
Diese Europäische Norm behandelt ferner kraftbetätigte und sich vertikal bewegende gewerbliche Tore wie Rolltore und -gitter, die in Einzelhandelseinrichtungen eingesetzt werden und die hauptsächlich dem Schutz von Waren dienen.
Die vorliegende Europäische Norm behandelt alle in Abschnitt 4 aufgeführten signifikanten Gefährdungen, Gefährdungssituationen und Gefährdungsereignisse im Zusammenhang mit kraftbetätigten Toren, die wie vorgesehen oder bei vorhersehbarem Missbrauch verwendet werden.
Alle Phasen des Lebenszyklus der Maschinen einschließlich der Phasen, in denen die Maschinen transportiert, montiert, demontiert, außer Betrieb gesetzt und entsorgt werden, werden in dieser Norm behandelt.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für:
—   Schleusen- und Hafentore;
—   Aufzugstüren oder -tore;
—   Türen in Fahrzeugen;
—   Tresortüren;
—   Türen und Tore zum Einsperren von Tieren, es sei denn, sie befinden sich am Rande eines Geländes;
—   textile Theatervorhänge;
—   sich horizontal bewegende kraftbetätigte Tore, die vorwiegend für die Nutzung durch Fußgänger vorgesehen sind;
—   Türen oder Tore außerhalb des Zugangsbereiches von Personen (z. B. Krantore);
—   Eisenbahnschranken;
—   Schranken, die ausschließlich für die Verwendung durch Fußgänger vorgesehen sind;
—   ausschließlich für Fahrzeuge verwendete Schranken auf Autobahnen.
Immer wenn in diesem Dokument der Begriff „Tor“ verwendet wird, ist darunter die gesamte Vielfalt der Tore und Schranken zu verstehen, die im Anwendungsbereich dieser Norm festgelegt wird.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für spezifische Anforderungen an Geräusche, die durch kraftbetätigte Tore und Schranken verursacht werden, die zum Einbau in Bereichen, zu denen Fußgänger Zugang haben, vorgesehen sind und deren bestimmungsgemäße Verwendung hauptsächlich der sichere Zugang von Waren und Fahrzeugen mit Begleitperson oder Fahrer zu industriellen oder gewerblichen Anlagen oder zu Wohnanlagen ist, da die Geräuschemission nicht als relevante Gefährdung betrachtet wird.
ANMERKUNG   Die Geräuschemission von kraftbetätigten Toren stellt keine signifikante Gefährdung für die Anwender dieser Produkte dar. Es handelt sich dabei um einen Aspekt des Komforts.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Maschinen, die vor dem Datum der Veröffentlichung dieser Norm hergestellt wurden.

Portes et portails industriels, commerciaux et résidentiels - Sécurité d’utilisation des portes et portails motorisés - Exigences et méthodes d'essai

Le présent document définit les exigences et les méthodes d’essai relatives à la sécurité d’utilisation des portes, portails et barrières motorisés équipant des locaux industriels, commerciaux et résidentiels, qui sont destinés à être installés dans des zones accessibles aux personnes, et dont l’utilisation principale prévue est de permettre l’accès en toute sécurité des marchandises et des véhicules accompagnées ou conduits par des personnes à des locaux industriels, commerciaux ou résidentiels.
La présente Norme européenne concerne également les portes commerciales à déplacement vertical, tels que les grilles et rideaux à enroulement utilisées dans les locaux de vente au détail et dont l’utilisation principale prévue est la protection des marchandises.
La présente Norme européenne traite de tous les phénomènes dangereux, situations dangereuses et événements dangereux significatifs liés au fonctionnement motorisé des portes, portails et barrières lorsqu'ils sont utilisés comme prévu et dans des conditions de mauvaise utilisation raisonnablement prévisibles telles qu’identifiés à l’Article 4.
Le cycle de vie de la machine incluant le transport, l’assemblage, le démantèlement, la désactivation et la mise au rebut sont prises en compte dans cette norme.
La présente Norme européenne ne s’applique pas aux :
-   Portes d’écluses et portes de bassin ;
-   Portes d’ascenseurs ;
-   Portes de véhicules ;
-   Portes blindées ;
-   Portes principalement destinées au parcage des animaux, à moins qu’elles ne soient dans le périmètre du site ;
-   Rideaux de théâtre en tissu ;
-   Blocs-portes motorisés à déplacement horizontal destinés à un usage piétonnier ;
-   Portes situées hors d’atteinte des personnes (telles que barrières équipant les grues à portiques) ;
-   Barrières de passages à niveau ;
-   Barrières prévues à l’usage seul des piétons ;
-   Barrières destinées uniquement aux véhicules sur autoroutes.
Chaque fois que le terme « porte » est utilisé dans le présent document, il doit être pris dans un sens large couvrant tous les types et variantes de portes, portails et barrières définis dans le domaine d’application de la présente norme.
La présente Norme européenne ne traite d'aucune exigence spécifique concernant le bruit émis par la porte, le portail et la barrière motorisée, destinée à être installée dans des zones accessibles aux personnes et dont l’utilisation principale prévue est de permettre l’accès en toute sécurité des marchandises et des véhicules accompagnés ou conduits par des personnes dans des locaux industriels, commerciaux ou résidentiels, car leur émission sonore n'est pas considérée comme un danger pertinent.
NOTE   L'émission de bruit des portes motorisées ne représente pas un danger important pour les utilisateurs de ces produits. Il s’agit d’un aspect de confort.
La présente Norme européenne ne s’applique pas non plus aux machines fabriquées avant sa date de publication.

Vrata v industrijske in javne prostore ter garažna vrata - Varnost pri uporabi pogonskega mehanizma - Zahteve in preskusne metode (vključuje dopolnilo A1)

Ta evropski standard določa zahteve in preskusne metode za varnost pri uporabi vrat oziroma zapornic s pogonskim mehanizmom, ki so namenjene za namestitev v območjih, kjer so na dosegu posameznikom, in katerih glavni predvideni namen uporabe je omogočanje varnega dostopa za blago in vozila v spremstvu ali upravljanju oseb v industrijskih, poslovnih ter stanovanjskih objektih.
Ta evropski standard zajema tudi vrata v javne prostore na električni pogon, ki se pomikajo navpično, kot so roloji in rešetke, ki se uporabljajo v maloprodajnih prostorih ter so namenjene predvsem za zaščito blaga.
Ta evropski standard opisuje vse večje nevarnosti, nevarne situacije in dogodke v zvezi z delovanjem vrat v industrijske in javne prostore ter garažnih vrat in zapornic, kadar se ti uporabljajo v skladu s svojim namenom in pod pogoji razumno predvidene nepravilne uporabe, kot je opredeljeno v točki 4.
Ta standard obravnava vse življenjske faze izdelkov, vključno s transportom, montažo, razstavljanjem, onemogočanjem in razrezom.
Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja za:
–   vodne zapornice in zapornice v dokih;
–   vrata v dvigalih;
–   vrata na vozilih;
–   oklepna vrata;
–   vrata, namenjena predvsem za zadrževanje živali, razen če so v območju lokacije;
–   gledališke zavese iz tekstila;
–   vodoravno premikajoča se vrata s pogonskim mehanizmom, namenjena predvsem za pešce;
–   vrata na območjih izven dosega ljudi (npr. ograje portalnih žerjavov);
–   železniške zapornice;
–   zapornice, ki se uporabljajo izključno za pešce;
–   zapornice, ki se uporabljajo izključno za vozila na avtocestah.
Izraz »vrata« na katerem koli mestu v tem dokumentu zajema vse vrste in različice vrat, pregrad in zapornic s področja uporabe tega standarda.
Ta evropski standard ne obravnava posebnih zahtev glede hrupa, ki ga povzročajo vrata, pregrade in zapornice s pogonskim mehanizmom, ki so namenjene za namestitev v območjih, kjer so na dosegu posameznikom, in katerih glavni predvideni namen uporabe je omogočanje varnega dostopa za blago in vozila v spremstvu ali upravljanju oseb v industrijskih, poslovnih ter stanovanjskih objektih, saj se njihove emisije hrupa ne obravnavajo kot pomembna nevarnost.
OPOMBA:   Emisije hrupa vrat s pogonskim mehanizmom ne predstavljajo večje nevarnosti za uporabnike teh izdelkov. Gre bolj za vidik udobja.
Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja za izdelke, izdelane pred datumom objave tega standarda.

General Information

Status
Published
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
22-Dec-2021
Completion Date
22-Dec-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 12453:2017+A1:2022
01-februar-2022
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 12453:2017
Vrata v industrijske in javne prostore ter garažna vrata - Varnost pri uporabi
pogonskega mehanizma - Zahteve in preskusne metode (vključuje dopolnilo A1)

Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Safety in use of power operated

doors - Requirements and test methods
Tore - Nutzungssicherheit kraftbetätigter Tore - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Portes et portails industriels, commerciaux et résidentiels - Sécurité d’utilisation des

portes et portails motorisés - Exigences et méthodes d'essai
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 12453:2017+A1:2021
ICS:
91.060.50 Vrata in okna Doors and windows
91.090 Konstrukcije zunaj stavb External structures
SIST EN 12453:2017+A1:2022 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 12453:2017+A1:2022
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SIST EN 12453:2017+A1:2022
EN 12453:2017+A1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 91.060.50 Supersedes EN 12453:2017
English Version
Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Safety
in use of power operated doors - Requirements and test
methods

Portes et portails équipant les locaux industriels et Tore - Nutzungssicherheit kraftbetätigter Tore -

commerciaux et les garages - Sécurité à l'utilisation des Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

portes motorisées - Exigences et méthodes d'essai

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 12 June 2017 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 16 December

2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 12453:2017+A1:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 12453:2017+A1:2022
EN 12453:2017+A1:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 8

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 9

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 10

4 List of significant hazards ......................................................................................................................... 12

4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12

4.2 Hazards caused by crushing, shearing and drawing-in .................................................................. 13

4.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13

4.2.2 !Hazards caused when persons can travel with the door" .................................................. 13

4.2.3 Hazards caused by impact ......................................................................................................................... 13

4.3 Hazards caused by source of energy and power controls ............................................................. 13

4.4 Manual operation ......................................................................................................................................... 14

4.5 Other hazards ................................................................................................................................................ 14

4.5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 14

4.5.2 Hazards caused by pass doors ................................................................................................................. 14

4.5.3 Hazards caused by imprisonment .......................................................................................................... 14

4.5.4 Hazards caused by trapping ..................................................................................................................... 14

4.5.5 Hazards caused by falling or ejected parts or uncontrolled movement .................................. 14

4.5.6 Hazards caused by the locking devices ................................................................................................ 14

4.5.7 Hazards caused due to a loss of stability ............................................................................................. 14

4.5.8 Hazards caused by glazing material ...................................................................................................... 15

4.5.9 Hazards caused by modification of settings ....................................................................................... 15

5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures .......................................................................... 15

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 15

5.1.1 General requirements ................................................................................................................................ 15

5.1.2 Safety Function performed by control system................................................................................... 15

5.1.3 Minimum level of safeguarding at the main closing edge ............................................................. 16

5.2 Crushing, shearing and drawing-in ....................................................................................................... 17

5.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 17

5.2.2 Safeguarding against hazards caused when persons can travel with the door ..................... 21

5.2.3 Safeguarding against impact hazard ..................................................................................................... 21

5.3 Source of energy and power controls ................................................................................................... 22

5.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 22

5.3.2 Electrical drive units ................................................................................................................................... 22

5.3.3 Hydraulic drive units .................................................................................................................................. 25

5.3.4 Pneumatic drive units ................................................................................................................................ 25

5.3.5 Restart after unintended interruption ................................................................................................. 26

5.3.6 Supply disconnection .................................................................................................................................. 26

5.4 Manual operation ......................................................................................................................................... 26

5.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 26

5.4.2 Manual operation by direct movement of the door leaf ................................................................ 26

5.4.3 Manual operation directly applied to the drive unit ....................................................................... 26

5.4.4 Balancing failure at manual operation ................................................................................................. 26

5.4.5 Human physical strength for manual operation of the door leaf ............................................... 27

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SIST EN 12453:2017+A1:2022
EN 12453:2017+A1:2021 (E)

5.5 Other hazards ................................................................................................................................................. 27

5.5.1 Pass doors ........................................................................................................................................................ 27

5.5.2 Imprisonment ................................................................................................................................................ 27

5.5.3 Trapping........................................................................................................................................................... 27

5.5.4 Falling or ejected parts or uncontrolled movement ........................................................................ 27

5.5.5 Locking devices ............................................................................................................................................. 28

5.5.6 Loss of stability .............................................................................................................................................. 28

5.5.7 Glazing material ............................................................................................................................................ 29

5.5.8 Modification of setting ................................................................................................................................ 29

6 Verification of the safety requirements and/or protective measures ...................................... 29

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 29

6.2 Crushing, shearing and drawing-in points .......................................................................................... 29

6.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 29

6.2.2 !Hazards caused when persons can travel with the door" ................................................... 31

6.2.3 Impact hazard ................................................................................................................................................ 31

6.3 Source of energy ............................................................................................................................................ 31

6.3.1 Electrical drive units ................................................................................................................................... 31

6.3.2 Hydraulic drive units ................................................................................................................................... 32

6.3.3 Pneumatic drive units ................................................................................................................................. 32

6.3.4 Restart after unintended interruption ................................................................................................. 32

6.3.5 Supply disconnection .................................................................................................................................. 32

6.4 Manual operation ......................................................................................................................................... 32

6.4.1 Manual operation by direct movement of the door leaf ................................................................. 32

6.4.2 Manual operation directly applied to the drive unit ....................................................................... 32

6.4.3 Balancing failure at manual operation ................................................................................................. 32

6.4.4 Human physical strength for manual operation of the door leaf ................................................ 33

6.5 Other hazards ................................................................................................................................................. 33

6.5.1 Pass doors ........................................................................................................................................................ 33

6.5.2 Imprisonment ................................................................................................................................................ 33

6.5.3 Trapping........................................................................................................................................................... 33

6.5.4 Falling or ejected parts or uncontrolled movement ........................................................................ 33

6.5.5 Locking devices ............................................................................................................................................. 34

6.5.6 Loss of stability .............................................................................................................................................. 34

6.5.7 Glazing material ............................................................................................................................................ 34

6.5.8 Modification of settings .............................................................................................................................. 34

7 Information for use ...................................................................................................................................... 34

7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 34

7.2 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 37

Annex A (normative) Limitation of forces .......................................................................................................... 38

A.1 Specifications ................................................................................................................................................. 38

A.2 Admissible forces .......................................................................................................................................... 38

Annex B (informative) Examples of mechanical protection and safety distances ............................... 40

B.1 Examples of mechanical protection ....................................................................................................... 40

B.2 Examples of appropriate safety clearances and safety distances ............................................... 41

Annex C (normative) Force measuring method................................................................................................ 43

C.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 43

C.2 Measuring equipment ................................................................................................................................. 43

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SIST EN 12453:2017+A1:2022
EN 12453:2017+A1:2021 (E)

C.3 Points of measuring ..................................................................................................................................... 43

Annex D (normative) Testing method for presence detection ................................................................... 53

D.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 53

D.2 Test pieces ...................................................................................................................................................... 53

D.3 Testing of supplementary device to be used with force limitation ............................................ 54

D.4 Testing of presence detection system to be used without force limitation ............................ 57

Annex E (informative) Safeguarding against dropping by other design features incorporated

in the suspension system of vertically moving power operated door leaves ........................ 61

Annex F (informative) Relationship between Hazards, Requirements and Test clauses ................. 62

Annex G (informative) Logbook ............................................................................................................................. 64

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European standard and the Essential

Requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered .................................................... 65

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 68

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SIST EN 12453:2017+A1:2022
EN 12453:2017+A1:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 12453:2017+A1:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 33

“Doors, windows, shutters, building hardware and curtain walling”, the secretariat of which is held by

AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2022, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by June 2022.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document will supersedes !EN 12453:2017".

This document has been prepared under a Standardization Request given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU

Directive(s) / Regulation(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s) / Regulation(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral

part of this document.
This document includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 4 January 2021.

The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !".

Compared with EN 12453:2000 and EN 12445:2000, the following changes have been made:

a) EN 12453 has been revised to be harmonized under Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC;

b) EN 12453 has been merged with EN 12445; as EN 12445:2000 will be withdrawn;
c) aligning structure of EN 12453 according to MD templates;
d) revision of the list of significant hazards (Clause 4);
e) revision of safety and/or protective measures (Clause 5);
f) revision of the verification of the safety requirements (Clause 6);
g) editorial revision of Annex A (limitation of forces);
h) introducing Annex B (Examples of mechanical protection and safety distances);
i) introducing Annex C (Force measuring method);
j) introducing Annex D (Testing method for presence detection);

k) introducing Annex E (Safeguarding against dropping by other design features incorporated in the

suspension system of vertically moving power operated door leaves);
l) introducing Annex ZA for harmonization of EN 12453 under MD.
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SIST EN 12453:2017+A1:2022
EN 12453:2017+A1:2021 (E)

Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national standards body.

A complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CEN website.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 12453:2017+A1:2022
EN 12453:2017+A1:2021 (E)
Introduction
This document is a type C document as stated in EN ISO 12100.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the

market players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance etc.)

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events

are covered are indicated in the Scope of this document.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or type-

B standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of the

other standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of this

type-C standard.

This document has been prepared to meet the needs of manufacturers, users and safety enforcement

authorities, with the primary purpose of providing design and performance for safety in use of power

operated industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates used by vehicular traffic.

Mechanical aspects of the doors are covered by normative references to
!EN 12604:2017+A1:2020".
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SIST EN 12453:2017+A1:2022
EN 12453:2017+A1:2021 (E)
1 Scope

!This document specifies requirements and test methods for the safety in use of power operated

industrial, commercial and garage doors, gates and barriers intended for installation in areas in the

reach of persons, and for which the main intended use is giving safe access for goods and vehicles

accompanied or driven by persons in industrial, commercial or residential premises."

This European Standard also covers power operated vertically moving commercial doors such as rolling

shutters and rolling grilles, used in retail premises which are mainly provided for goods protection.

This European Standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to

the power operation of industrial, commercial and garage doors, and gates when they are used as

intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable as identified in Clause 4.

All lifetime phases of the machinery including transportation, assembly, dismantling, disabling and

scrapping are considered by this standard.
This European Standard does not apply to:
— lock gates and dock gates;
— doors on lifts;
— doors on vehicles;
— armoured doors;

— doors mainly for the retention of animals, unless they are at the site perimeter;

— theatre textile curtains;
— horizontally moving power operated doors mainly intended for pedestrian use;
— doors outside the reach of people (such as crane gantry fences);
— railway barriers;
— barriers intended solely for use by pedestrians;
— barriers used solely for vehicles on motorways.

Whenever the term “door” is used in this document, it shall be deemed to cover the full scope of types

and variances of doors, gates and barriers in the scope of this Standard.

This European Standard does not deal with any specific requirements on noise emitted from power

operated door, gate and barrier, intended for installation in areas in the reach of persons, and for which

the main intended use is giving safe access for goods and vehicles accompanied or driven by persons in

industrial, commercial or residential premises as their noise emission is not considered to be a relevant

hazard.

NOTE Noise emission of power-operated doors is not a significant hazard for the users of these products. It is

a comfort aspect.

This European Standard is not applicable to machinery which are manufactured before the date of

publication of the standard.
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SIST EN 12453:2017+A1:2022
EN 12453:2017+A1:2021 (E)
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 349:1993+A1:2008, Safety of machinery — Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human

body

EN 12433-1:1999, Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Terminology - Part 1: Types of

doors

EN 12433-2:1999, Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Terminology - Part 2: Parts of

doors

!EN 12604:2017+A1:2020, Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates — Mechanical

aspects — Requirements and test methods"
!deleted text"

EN 12978:2003+A1:2009, Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Safety devices for power

operated doors and gates - Requirements and test methods

EN 60335-1:2012, Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Part 1: General requirements

(IEC 60335-1:2012)

EN 60335-2-95:2015, Safety of household and similar electrical appliances — Part 2-95: Particular

requirements for drives for vertically moving garage doors for residential use (IEC 60335-2-95:2015)

EN 60335-2-103:2015, Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Part 2-103: Particular

requirements for drives for gates, doors and windows (IEC 60335-2-103:2015)
!EN 60529:1991," Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)

EN 60204-1:2006, Safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of machines - Part 1: General requirements

EN 61000-6-1:2007, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 6-1: Generic standards - Immunity for

residential, commercial and light-industrial environments

EN 61000-6-2:2005, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 6-2: Generic standards - Immunity for

industrial environments

EN 61000-6-3:2007, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 6-3: Generic standards - Emission

standard for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments

EN 61000-6-4:2007, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 6-4: Generic standards - Emission

standard for industrial environments

As impacted by EN 60529:1991/A1:2000, EN 60529:1991/A2:2013, EN 60529:1991/corrigendum May 1993,

EN 60529:1991/A2:2013/AC:2019-02 and EN 60529:1991/AC:2016-12.
As impacted by EN 60204-1:2006/A1:2009 and EN 60204-1:2006/AC:2010.
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SIST EN 12453:2017+A1:2022
EN 12453:2017+A1:2021 (E)

EN 61032:1998, Protection of persons and equipment by enclosures - Probes for verification

EN ISO 4413:2010, Hydraulic fluid power - General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components (IS
...

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