This document provides definitions for terms used in documents, drawings, specifications, etc., when referring to the detailed elements of curtain walling. It provides a comprehensive, though not total, list of regular terms. It does not set out to repeat those physical definitions properly included within individual curtain walling standards related to performance requirements and associated test methods.

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This document specifies test methods for the determination of bearing capacity (ultimate limit state and serviceability limit state), of connections between curtain walling framing members for which it cannot be calculated in accordance with current codes or conventional calculations based upon the strength of the materials.
Mechanical performances of the curtain walling connections are already assessed in accordance with the provisions described in EN 13830. Additional information with respect to mechanical performance of the connections and direct applications can be determined with this document.

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This European Standard specifies requirements of curtain walling kit intended to be used as a building envelope to provide weather resistance, safety in use and energy economy and heat retention and provides test/assessments/calculation methods and compliance criteria of the related performances.
The curtain walling kit covered by this standard should fulfil its own integrity and mechanical stability but does not contribute to the load bearing or stability of the main building structure, and could be replaced independently of it.
This standard applies to curtain walling kit ranging from a vertical position to ± 15° from the vertical. Any sloping parts should be contained within the curtain walling kit.
This standard is applicable to the whole of the curtain walling kits, including the fixings.
Curtain walling according to this standard is intended to be used as part of the building envelope.
This European Standard does not include:
—   “Patent glazing” (glazed sloping roofs) kits;
—   Roof glazing constructions;
—   Façades made of precast concrete panels as part of the wall (see EN 14992).
NOTE 1   Precast concrete panels may be used in curtain walling kits as infill panels.
NOTE 2   Durability of structural sealed glazing infills is not covered by this standard.

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This document provides guidance and, where appropriate, defines procedures for variations of certain parameters and factors associated with the design of lightweight partitions which have been tested in accordance with EN 1364-1, and classified according to EN 13501-2.
This document only applies to non-loadbearing lightweight partitions with a single steel framework, provided at both sides with a lining. The lightweight partition can be insulated or not with a mineral wool insulation.
This document does not apply to any other types of non-loadbearing walls considered in EN 1364-1.

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This document provides guidance and, where appropriate, defines procedures for variations of certain parameters and factors associated with the design of lightweight partitions, which have been tested in accordance with EN 1364-1, and classified according to EN 13501-2.
This document only applies to non-loadbearing lightweight partitions with a single steel framework, provided with a lining on both sides of the steel framework. The lightweight partition can be insulated with a mineral wool insulation within the partition cavity or not be insulated.
This document does not apply to any other types of non-loadbearing lightweight partitions considered in EN 1364-1.

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This European Standard specifies test methods for the determination of bearing capacity (ultimate limit state and serviceability limit state) of infill support which cannot be calculated in accordance with current codes or conventional calculations based upon the strength of the materials.
Mechanical performances of the infill support are already assessed while testing the glazed product or infill in regards to safety in use. Additional information with respect to mechanical performance of the infill support and direct applications can be determined with this standard.

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This European Standard provides guidance and, where appropriate, defines procedures for variations of certain parameters and factors associated with the design of fire resistant glazed elements which have been tested in accordance with EN 1364-1, and classified according to EN 13501-2.
Extended application of fire resistant glazed elements shall be based on test evidence.
This standard only applies to vertically installed fire resistant glazed elements.
This standard does not apply to doorsets and openable windows according to EN 1634-1.
Glass block assemblies and paver units and channel-shaped glass as defined in EN 1051-1 and EN 572-7 are excluded. There is currently insufficient information available to enable rules for extended application to be developed for these products.
NOTE   Some partition walls use a combination of fire resistant glass, non-translucent and other opaque products. The extended application in this case only covers the glass when it replaces these products - see clause 8.2.

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This document specifies test methods for the determination of the bearing capacity (ultimate limit state and serviceability limit state) of infill support which cannot be calculated in accordance with current codes or conventional calculations based upon the strength of the materials or to compare the calculation when necessary.
Three different types of infill (glass) supports are dealt in this standard:
- The cantilever infill (glass) supports, see Figure 1 (a);
- The cruciform infill (glass) supports only fixed to the mullion, see Figure 1 (b);
- Corner infill (glass) supports only fixed to the mullion, see Figure 1 (c).
The test method is intended for the assessment of cantilever infill (glass) supports that have not been tested according to EN 16758 (see Figure 9). The results of the test method can only be interpreted when incorporated with the results from a test in accordance with EN 16758.
It is essential that cruciform and corner infill (glass) supports only fixed to the mullion are tested in accordance with this standard.
The infill (glass) supports connected to the mullion and the transom together are considered as a part of sheared connection and are covered by EN 16758.
Where the mechanical performances of the infill (glass) support is already assessed in accordance with the provisions described in EN 13830, additional information with respect to mechanical performance of the infill (glass) support and direct applications can be determined with this standard.

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This document provides guidance and, where appropriate, defines procedures for variations of certain parameters and factors associated with the design of fire resistant glazed elements which have been tested in accordance with EN 1364-1:2015, and classified according to EN 13501-2.
Extended application of fire resistant glazed elements is based on test evidence.
This standard only applies to vertically installed fire resistant glazed elements.
This standard does not apply to door sets and openable windows according to EN 1634-1 and does not apply to curtain walling - full configuration or curtain walling - part configuration according to EN 1364-3 and EN 1364-4.
Glass block assemblies and paver units and channel-shaped glass as defined in EN 1051-1 and EN 572-7 are excluded. There is currently insufficient information available to enable rules for extended application to be developed for these products.

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This European Standard defines rules for extended applications, provides guidance, and, where appropriate, defines procedures, for variations of certain parameters and factors associated with the design of internal and external non-loadbearing walls constructed of metal sandwich panels and that have been tested in accordance with EN 1364-1.
EN 15254-5 applies for self-supporting, double skin metal faced sandwich panels having an insulating core bonded to both facings as defined in EN 14509.

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This part of ISO 9705 specifies the test method to evaluate the reaction of wall and ceiling products to
fire when installed at the surface of a small room and exposed directly to a specified ignition source.
The test represents a fire scenario, which starts under well-ventilated conditions in a corner of a
specified room with a single open doorway.
Tests performed in accordance with the method specified in this part of ISO 9705 provide data
for the early stages of a fire from ignition up to flashover. The method does not evaluate the fire
resistance of products.
The method is not intended to evaluate floor coverings. This method is not suitable for sandwich
panel building systems, pipe insulation and façades for which specific ISO standards (i.e. ISO 13784,
ISO 20632 and ISO 13785, respectively) are available.

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This European Standard defines rules for extended applications, provides guidance, and, where appropriate, specifies procedures, for variations of certain parameters and factors associated with the design of internal non-load-bearing ceilings constructed of metal faced sandwich panels that have been tested in accordance with EN 1364-2.
This European Standard applies to self-supporting, double skin metal faced sandwich panels, which have an insulating core bonded to both facings as defined in EN 14509.

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This document defines rules for extended applications, provides guidance, and, where appropriate, defines procedures, for variations of certain parameters and factors associated with the design of internal and external non-loadbearing walls constructed of metal sandwich panels and that have been tested in accordance with EN 1364-1, which could generate a classification in accordance with EN 13501-2.
EN 15254-5 applies for self-supporting, double skin metal faced sandwich panels having an insulating core bonded to both facings as defined in EN 14509.

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Revision of EN ISO 12631:2012
This International Standard specifies a method for calculating the thermal transmittance of curtain walls consisting of glazed and/or opaque panels fitted in, or connected to, frames.
The calculation includes:
- different types of glazing, e.g. glass or plastic; single or multiple glazing; with or without low emissivity coating; with cavities filled with air or other gases;
- frames (of any material) with or without thermal breaks;
- different types of opaque panels clad with metal, glass, ceramics or any other material.
Thermal bridge effects at the rebate or connection between the glazed area, the frame area and the panel area are included in the calculation.
The calculation does not include:
- effects of solar radiation;
- heat transfer caused by air leakage;
- calculation of condensation;
- effect of shutters;
- additional heat transfer at the corners and edges of the curtain walling;
- connections to the main building structure nor through fixing lugs;
- curtain wall systems with integrated heating.
No change to the scope is expected. There will editorial revision (new structure) in the context of Mandate M/480

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ISO 12631:2017 specifies a method for calculating the thermal transmittance of curtain walls consisting of glazed and/or opaque panels fitted in, or connected to, frames.
The calculation includes:
- different types of glazing, e.g. glass or plastic; single or multiple glazing; with or without low emissivity coating; with cavities filled with air or other gases;
- frames (of any material) with or without thermal breaks;
- different types of opaque panels clad with metal, glass, ceramics or any other material.
Thermal bridge effects at the rebate or connection between the glazed area, the frame area and the panel area are included in the calculation.
The calculation does not include:
- effects of solar radiation;
- heat transfer caused by air leakage;
- calculation of condensation;
- effect of shutters;
- additional heat transfer at the corners and edges of the curtain walling;
- connections to the main building structure nor through fixing lugs;
- curtain wall systems with integrated heating.
NOTE Table 1 in the Introduction shows the relative position of ISO 12631:2017 within the set of EPB standards in the context of the modular structure as set out in ISO 52000-1.

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This European Standard specifies definitions and requirements for non-structural facade sealants intended for sealing exterior wall joints, window and door perimeter joints in building construction, including the interior face.
NOTE   Provisions on assessment and verification of constancy of performance - AVCP (i.e. Product type determination and Factory Production Control) and marking of these products are given in EN 15651-5.
This European Standard does not apply to non-structural sealants in any of non-paste form, to those used in interior walls and/or partitions and to oil-based mastics.

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This European Standard specifies the requirements for masonry bed joint reinforcement for structural use (see 5.2.1) and for non-structural use (see 5.2.2).
Where products are intended for use in cavity wall construction, this European Standard covers only the performance of the meshwork as reinforcement in bed joints and not its performance as wall ties across the cavity.
This European Standard is not applicable to:
a)   products in the form of individual bars or rods;
b)   products formed from materials other than specified grades of austenitic stainless steel, austenitic ferritic stainless steel, zinc pre-coated steel sheet or zinc coated steel wire with or without organic coating.
NOTE   Annex ZA refers only to welded wire meshwork intended for structural use referred to in 5.2.1 as there are no known regulated requirements for products of this family for non-structural use.

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This European Standard specifies requirements for prefabricated lintels for maximum spans of 4,5 m and made from steel, autoclaved aerated concrete, manufactured stone, concrete, fired clay units, calcium silicate units, natural stone units, or a combination of these materials. Concrete and steel beams conforming to EN 1090-1, EN 12602 and EN 13225, as appropriate, are not covered by this standard.
Prefabricated lintels can be either complete lintels or the prefabricated part of a composite lintel.
This European Standard is not applicable to:
a)   lintels completely made on site;
b)   lintels of which the tensile parts are made on site;
c)   timber lintels;
d)   natural stone lintels, not reinforced.
Linear components spanning clear openings greater than 4,5 m in masonry walls and linear components intended for use independently in a structural role (e.g. beams) are not covered by this standard.

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This European Standard specifies requirements for wall ties, tension straps, hangers and brackets for interconnecting masonry and for connecting masonry to other parts of works and buildings including walls, floors, beams, and columns. Where anchors or fasteners are supplied or specified as part of an ancillary component, the requirements including performance requirements apply to the complete product.
This European Standard is not applicable to:
a)   anchors and fasteners other than as part of an ancillary component;
b)   shelf angles;
c)   wall starter plates for tying into existing walls;
d)   products formed from materials other than:
1)   austenitic stainless steel (molybdenum chrome nickel alloys or chrome nickel alloys);
2)   austenitic ferritic stainless steel;
3)   ferritic stainless steel;
4)   copper;
5)   phosphor bronze;
6)   aluminium bronze;
7)   zinc-coated-steel with or without organic coating;
8)   polypropylene;
9)   polyamide (for expansion plugs only).
NOTE   The resistance to fire performance of the products included herein cannot be assessed separately from the masonry element of which they are part and is therefore not covered under the scope of this part of this European Standard.

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This European Standard de¬scribes terminology used in documents, drawings, specifications etc., when referring to the detailed elements of curtain wall¬ing and provides a comprehensive, though not total, list of regu¬lar terms.
It does not set out to repeat those physical definitions properly included within individual curtain walling standards related to performance requirements and associated test methods.

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This standard defines performance requirements of curtain walling (excluding ‘glass in building’ which is classified under EN 12600) under soft body impact load criteria specified herein and tested in accordance with EN 13049.
Its criteria is targeted to safety in use and integrity of curtain wall in the event of sudden impact forces on the curtain wall surfaces. Compliance with the performance requirement is determined by the laboratory test.
It applies to those areas of curtain walling which face onto areas of human activity, either internally or externally and takes account of accidental impacts brought on by people going about their normal daily activities and impacts brought about by equipment and similar devices for maintenance, cleaning, repair and similar occasional activities.
It does not set out to define performance requirements of impact under exceptional circumstances such as acts of vandalism, vehicular collision, firearm projectiles, etc..
This standard will have no bearing whatsoever on any National Building / Health and Safety regulations which may exist and whose requirements shall apply separately and in parallel with these test performance requirements.

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This European Standard de¬scribes terminology used in documents, drawings, specifications etc., when referring to the detailed elements of curtain wall¬ing and provides a comprehensive, though not total, list of regu¬lar terms.
It does not set out to repeat those physical definitions properly included within individual curtain walling standards related to performance requirements and associated test methods.

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This European Standard defines performance requirements of curtain walling (excluding ‘glass in building’ which is classified under EN 12600) under soft body impact load criteria specified herein and tested in accordance with EN 13049.
Its criteria is targeted to safety in use and integrity of curtain wall in the event of sudden impact forces on the curtain wall surfaces. Compliance with the performance requirement is determined by the laboratory test.
It applies to those areas of curtain walling which face onto areas of human activity, either internally or externally and takes account of accidental impacts brought on by people going about their normal daily activities and impacts brought about by equipment and similar devices for maintenance, cleaning, repair and similar occasional activities.
It does not set out to define performance requirements of impact under exceptional circumstances such as acts of vandalism, vehicular collision, firearm projectiles, etc..
This standard will have no bearing whatsoever on any National Building / Health and Safety regulations which may exist and whose requirements shall apply separately and in parallel with these test performance requirements.

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This European Standard specifies methods for determining the flexural and shear resistances and load deflection characteristics of single span, single or composite lintels used for supporting uniformly distributed loads over openings in masonry construction.

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ISO 16283-3:2016 specifies procedures to determine the airborne sound insulation of façade elements (element methods) and whole façades (global methods) using sound pressure measurements. These procedures are intended for room volumes in the range from 10 m3 to 250 m3 in the frequency range from 50 Hz to 5 000 Hz.
The test results can be used to quantify, assess, and compare the airborne sound insulation in unfurnished or furnished rooms where the sound field can or cannot approximate to a diffuse field. The measured airborne sound insulation is frequency-dependent and can be converted into a single number quantity to characterize the acoustic performance using the rating procedures in ISO 717-1.

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ISO 16283-3:2016 specifies procedures to determine the airborne sound insulation of façade elements (element methods) and whole façades (global methods) using sound pressure measurements. These procedures are intended for room volumes in the range from 10 m3 to 250 m3 in the frequency range from 50 Hz to 5 000 Hz. The test results can be used to quantify, assess, and compare the airborne sound insulation in unfurnished or furnished rooms where the sound field can or cannot approximate to a diffuse field. The measured airborne sound insulation is frequency-dependent and can be converted into a single number quantity to characterize the acoustic performance using the rating procedures in ISO 717-1.

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This draft European Standard specifies additional information necessary to carry out efficiently and under standardized conditions the determination of the sound reduction index of drywall systems of plasterboard with steel studs according to EN ISO 10140-2 “Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of building elements — Part 2: Measurement of airborne sound insulation”. It specifies the additional requirements of the sound reduction measurements, the operating and mounting conditions that shall be used for the test and additional test report information to be reported. Observe that all demands in EN ISO 10140-2 still must be fulfilled. The results obtained are used to convert frequency-dependent sound reduction index into single number ratings, according to EN ISO 717-1. These performances can be used to compare different products, or, and to express a requirement, or, and as input into estimation methods, such as the series EN 12354-1.

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This European Standard specifies information additional to EN ISO 10140 1 necessary to carry out efficiently and under standardized conditions the determination of the sound reduction index of drywall systems of plasterboard with steel studs according to EN ISO 10140 2 “Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of -building elements — Part 2: Measurement of airborne sound insulation”. Observe that all demands in EN ISO 10140 2 should still be fulfilled. In order to decrease the uncertainty, it specifies:
-   additional guidelines for testing drywall systems of plasterboard with steel studs;
and
-   a method to validate laboratory by using two reference test partitions.
The results obtained are used to convert frequency-dependent sound reduction index into single number ratings, according to EN ISO 717 1. These performances can be used to compare different products, or, and to express a requirement, or, and as input into estimation methods, such as EN 12354 1.

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This European standard specifies a method for determining the fire resistance of non-loadbearing walls.
This European Standard is used in conjunction with EN 1363-1.
It is applicable to partitions (non-loadbearing walls) with and without glazing, non-loadbearing walls consisting almost wholly of glazing (glazed non-loadbearing walls) and other non-loadbearing internal and external non-loadbearing walls with and without glazing.
The fire resistance of external non-loadbearing walls can be determined under internal or external exposure conditions. In the latter case the external fire exposure curve given in EN 1363-2 is used.
It is not applicable to:
a) curtain walls (external non-loadbearing walls suspended in front of the floor slab), unless explicitly permitted under EN 1364-3 or EN 1364-4 which shall contain details of the methodology to be used.
b) non-loadbearing walls containing door assemblies which shall be tested to EN 1634-1.
Specific requirements relating to the testing of glazing are given in Annex A.
Specific requirements relating to the testing of non-loadbearing external and internal walls designed to span horizontally between two independently proven fire resisting vertical structural elements are given in annex B.

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This European standard specifies a method for determining the fire resistance of non-loadbearing walls.
This European Standard is used in conjunction with EN 1363-1.
It is applicable to partitions (non-loadbearing walls) with and without glazing, non-loadbearing walls consisting almost wholly of glazing (glazed non-loadbearing walls) and other non-loadbearing internal and external non-loadbearing walls with and without glazing.
The fire resistance of external non-loadbearing walls can be determined under internal or external exposure conditions. In the latter case the external fire exposure curve given in EN 1363-2 is used.
It is not applicable to:
a) curtain walls (external non-loadbearing walls suspended in front of the floor slab), unless explicitly permitted under EN 1364-3 or EN 1364-4 which shall contain details of the methodology to be used.
b) non-loadbearing walls containing door assemblies which shall be tested to EN 1634-1.
Specific requirements relating to the testing of glazing are given in Annex A.
Specific requirements relating to the testing of non-loadbearing external and internal walls designed to span horizontally between two independently proven fire resisting vertical structural elements are given in annex B.

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This European Standard specifies the requirements for light transmitting single skin profiled plastics sheets for internal and external walls, roofs and ceilings. It is applicable to single skin sheets which are used as a single layer or when assembled to form a multiple layer construction.
It also specifies the test methods and provides for the evaluation of conformity and marking of the sheets.

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EN 12326-1 specifies requirements for slate and carbonate slate for discontinuous roofing and external cladding, as defined in 3.1, and 3.2, used for assembly into discontinuous roofing and external cladding. For the purposes of this European Standard, slates and carbonate slates have been classified. This European Standard does not apply to products for roofing or external cladding made from the following: a) stone other than those defined in 3.1 and 3.2; b) concrete; c) polymeric materials; d) fibre reinforced cement; e) metal; f) clay. This European Standard is not applicable to roofing and cladding slates used internally. This European Standard is not applicable to bonded cladding (cladding fixed with adhesives) and cladding fixed with dowels and cramps.

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EN 1364-4 specifies a method for determining the fire resistance of parts of curtain walling and of the perimeter seal. It examines the fire resistance to internal and external fire exposure of: - the spandrel panel, i.e. downstand, upstand or a combination thereof, or - the perimeter seal, or - the fixings of the framing system (anchoring) used to attach the curtain walling to the floor element, hereafter referred to as "fixing", or - combinations thereof Results from tests according to this standard form the basis for classification of curtain walling type A (see 3.2 for definition). For curtain walling type B (see 3.3 for definition) results may be used to determine fire resistance of parts of a curtain walling to increase the field of application when previously tested to EN 1364-3. For intended classification EW and for corner/faceted specimens EN 1364-3 shall be used. This European Standard does not cover double skin façades, over-cladding systems and ventilated façade systems on external walls. It does not deal with the reaction to fire behaviour of curtain walling. This standard is intended to be read in conjunction with EN 1363-1 and EN 1363-2 as well as EN 1364-3 for curtain walling type B.

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EN 15254-6 provides guidance and, where appropriate, defines procedures for variations of certain parameters and factors associated with the design of curtain walls according to EN 13830 which have been tested in accordance with EN 1364-3 and classified according to EN 13501-2 (curtain wall type B according to 3.2), components of curtain walls type A or type B according to 3.1 and 3.2, e.g. spandrel panels, which have been tested in accordance with EN 1364-4, and classified according to EN 13501-2.

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EN 1364-3 specifies a method for determining the fire resistance of curtain walling - full configuration. EN ISO 13857This European Standard is used in conjunction with EN 1363-1. The test method is applicable to curtain walling type B (for definition see 3.4). The test is not appropriate for testing curtain walling type A (for definition see 3.3). The fire resistance of curtain walling may be determined under internal or external exposure conditions. In the latter case the external fire exposure curve given in EN 1363-2 may be used, subject to deviating national regulations. Tests on individual parts of a curtain walling (e.g. perimeter seal, infill panel or fixing of the framing system (anchoring) used to attach the curtain walling to the floor element) or systems with fire resistance requirements only to the spandrel area may be performed using EN 1364-4. For vertical linear gap seals, this part of the standard applies. This European Standard does not cover double skin façades, over-cladding systems and ventilated façade systems on external walls. It does not deal with the reaction to fire behaviour of curtain walling. This standard is intended to be read in conjunction with EN 1363-1 and EN 1363-2.

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This European Standard specifies a method for determining the fire resistance of parts of curtain walling and of the perimeter seal. It examines the fire resistance to internal and external fire exposure of:
-   the spandrel panel, i.e. downstand, upstand or a combination thereof, or
-   the perimeter seal, or
-   the fixing of the framing system (anchoring) used to attach the curtain walling to the floor element, or
-   combinations thereof.
Results from tests according to this standard form the basis for classification of curtain walling type A (see 3.3 for definition).
For curtain walling type B (see 3.4 for definition) results may be used to determine fire resistance of parts of a curtain walling to increase the field of application when previously tested to EN 1364 3. For intended classification EW and for corner/faceted specimens EN 1364 3 should be used.
This European Standard does not cover double skin façades, over-cladding systems and ventilated façade systems on external walls. It does not deal with the reaction to fire behaviour of curtain walling.
This standard is intended to be read in conjunction with EN 1363 1 and EN 1363 2 as well as EN 1364 3 for curtain walling type B.
NOTE   Annex A gives informative guidance on the principles of testing parts of curtain walling and the test method.

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This European Standard provides guidance and, where appropriate, defines procedures for variations of certain parameters and factors associated with the design of curtain walling according to EN 13830 which have been tested in accordance with EN 1364 3 and classified according to EN 13501 2 (curtain walling type B according to 3.2), components of curtain walling type A or type B according to 3.1 and 3.2, e.g. spandrel panels, which have been tested in accordance with EN 1364 4, and classified according to EN 13501 2.

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This European Standard specifies a method for determining the fire resistance of curtain walling full configuration.
This European Standard is used in conjunction with EN 1363 1.
NOTE   Annex B gives further information on the test method.
The test method is applicable to curtain walling type B (for definition see 3.4). The test is not appropriate for testing curtain walling type A (for definition see 3.3).
The fire resistance of curtain walling may be determined under internal or external exposure conditions. In the latter case the external fire exposure curve given in EN 1363 2 may be used, subject to deviating national regulations.
Tests on individual parts of a curtain walling (e.g. perimeter seal, infill panel or fixing of the framing system (anchoring) used to attach the curtain walling to the floor element) or systems with fire resistance requirements only to the spandrel area may be performed using EN 1364 4. For vertical linear gap seals, this part of the standard applies.
This European Standard does not cover double skin façades, over-cladding systems and ventilated façade systems on external walls. It does not deal with the reaction to fire behaviour of curtain walling.
This standard is intended to be read in conjunction with EN 1363 1 and EN 1363 2.

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EN 16240 specifies the requirements for light transmitting flat solid polycarbonate (PC) sheets for internal and external use in walls, roofs and ceilings. This European Standard applies to light transmitting flat extruded solid PC sheets of minimum thickness 2 mm, without or with uniform functional layers (e.g. coating, co-extruded layer) made from PC-based or other materials. It also specifies the test methods needed for the evaluation of conformity and marking of the sheets.

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This European Standard specifies the requirements for light transmitting flat solid polycarbonate (PC) sheets for internal and external use in walls, roofs and ceilings.
This European Standard applies to light transmitting flat extruded solid PC sheets of minimum thickness 2 mm, without or with uniform functional layers (e.g. coating, co-extruded layer) made from PC-based or other materials.
It also specifies the test methods needed for the evaluation of conformity and marking of the sheets.

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This European Standard specifies a method of testing the fire resistance of loadbearing walls. It is applicable to both internal and external walls. The fire resistance of external walls can be determined under internal or external exposure conditions. The fire resistance performance of loadbearing walls is normally evaluated without perforations such as doors, glazing or fire resistant ducts. If it can be demonstrated that the design of the opening is such that load is not transmitted to the perforation, then the perforation need not be tested in the loaded condition. If perforations are to be included, the effects of these will need to be separately established. This test method is not applicable to non-separating loadbearing walls which, in short widths, can be tested as columns to EN 1365-4. This European Standard is used in conjunction with EN 1363-1:1999.

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This European Standard specifies the terminology, requirements and test methods for metal coil, strip, and flat sheets and factory made pieces intended for fully supported applications in roofing and wall cladding or lining. It does not apply to products manufactured on site. This European Standard covers fully-supported aluminium, copper, lead, steel, stainless steel and zinc products with or without coatings, e.g. metallic, organic, inorganic or multi-layer (see Annex A). This European Standard also includes rules for marking, labelling and evaluation of conformity. Requirements concerning acoustical and insulation properties are not considered in this European Standard. This European Standard does not include calculation or design requirements with regards to the works, installation techniques or the performance of the installed products.

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This European Standard specifies the terminology, requirements and test methods for metal coil, strip, and flat sheets and factory made pieces intended for fully supported applications in roofing and wall cladding or lining. It does not apply to products manufactured on site.
This European Standard covers fully-supported aluminium, copper, lead, steel, stainless steel and zinc products with or without coatings, e.g. metallic, organic, inorganic or multi-layer (see Annex A).
This European Standard also includes rules for marking, labelling and evaluation of conformity.
Requirements concerning acoustical and insulation properties are not considered in this European Standard.
This European Standard does not include calculation or design requirements with regards to the works, installation techniques or the performance of the installed products.

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CEN/TC 127 - Editorial modification to the dated reference EN 1363-1:1999 throughout the whole document.

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This European Standard specifies a method of testing the fire resistance of loadbearing walls. It is applicable to both internal and external walls. The fire resistance of external walls can be determined under internal or external exposure conditions. The fire resistance performance of loadbearing walls is normally evaluated without perforations such as doors, glazing or fire resistant ducts. If it can be demonstrated that the design of the opening is such that load is not transmitted to the perforation, then the perforation need not be tested in the loaded condition. If perforations are to be included, the effects of these will need to be separately established. This test method is not applicable to non-separating loadbearing walls which, in short widths, can be tested as columns to EN 1365-4. This European Standard is used in conjunction with EN 1363-1:1999.

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This European Standard applies to prefabricated walls, made of normal weight or lightweight concrete with dense structure. Also fibre reinforced concrete (steel, polymer or other fibres covered by European standards) may be used. These wall elements may have external wall functions (see 3.11) or not, have facing functions (see 3.12) or not or have a combination of these functions.
External wall functions could be:
-   thermal insulation (see 3.11.1);
-   sound insulation (see 3.11.2);
-   hygrometric control (see 3.11.3);
or a combination of these.
They may be plain, reinforced or prestressed. They may be loadbearing or not.
These include:
-   solid walls;
-   composite walls;
-   sandwich walls;
-   lightened walls;
-   claddings.
The wall element may also work as a column or beam.

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This European Standard specifies a method of testing the fire resistance of loadbearing walls. It is applicable to both internal and external walls. The fire resistance of external walls can be determined under internal or external exposure conditions.
The fire resistance performance of loadbearing walls is normally evaluated without perforations such as doors, glazing or fire resistant ducts. If it can be demonstrated that the design of the opening is such that load is not transmitted to the perforation, then the perforation need not be tested in the loaded condition. If perforations are to be included, the effects of these will need to be separately established.
This test method is not applicable to non-separating loadbearing walls which, in short widths, can be tested as columns to EN 1365-4.
This European Standard is used in conjunction with EN 1363-1:1999.

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This European Standard specifies the couplet method for determining the tensile and compressive load capacity and load displacement characteristics of wall ties embedded in mortar joints. The test is intended for ties used for connecting together two leaves of masonry and for the mortar-bedded end of ties for connecting masonry leaves to other structures.

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This European Standard specifies a method for determining the tensile and compressive load capacity and load displacement characteristics of wall ties screwed, nailed, grouted or otherwise attached to frame elements or to inner leaf materials. The test is intended for ties for connecting masonry leaves to frame structures and to the inner leaves of cavity walls other than by embedding the inner connection in a mortar joint.

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This European Standard specifies the couplet method for determining the horizontal and vertical shear load resistance and load-deflection behaviour of shear ties and slip ties embedded in mortar joints. The test is intended for ties for connecting together two leaves of masonry forming a collar jointed wall or two walls at right angles. It also applies to ties used for connecting the edges of infill
panel walls to frames which encircle them.

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