Measurement of fluid flow by means of pressure differential devices inserted in circular cross-section conduits running full - Part 1: General principles and requirements (ISO 5167-1:2003)

ISO 5167-1:2003 defines terms and symbols and establishes the general principles for methods of measurement and computation of the flowrate of fluid flowing in a conduit by means of pressure differential devices (orifice plates, nozzles and Venturi tubes) when they are inserted into a circular cross-section conduit running full.
ISO 5167-1:2003 also specifies the general requirements for methods of measurement, installation and determination of the uncertainty of the measurement of flowrate. It also defines the general specified limits of pipe size and Reynolds number for which these pressure differential devices are to be used.
ISO 5167 (all parts) is applicable only to flow that remains subsonic throughout the measuring section and where the fluid can be considered as single-phase. It is not applicable to the measurement of pulsating flow.

Durchflussmessung von Fluiden mit Drosselgeräten in voll durchströmten Leitungen mit Kreisquerschnitt - Teil 1: Allgemeine Grundlagen und Anforderungen (ISO 5167-1:2003)

Dieser Teil von ISO 5167 legt Begriffe und Symbole fest und gibt die allgemeinen Grundlagen für Mess- und Berechnungsverfahren für den Durchfluss von Fluiden in voll durchströmten Leitungen mit Kreisquerschnitt mittels Drosselgeräten (Blenden, Düsen und Venturirohre) an. Dieser Teil von ISO 5167 legt auch allgemeine Anforderungen an die Messverfahren, den Einbau von Drosselgeräten und die Ermittlung der Messunsicherheit der Durchflussmessung fest. Er legt ferner die Grenzen für Rohrdurchmesser und Reynolds-Zahlen fest, innerhalb derer die Drosselgeräte angewendet werden dürfen.
ISO 5167 (mit allen Teilen) gilt nur für Strömungen, die im ganzen Messquerschnitt im Unterschallbereich liegen und bei denen es sich um einphasige Fluide handelt. Er gilt nicht für Messungen bei pulsierenden Strömungen.

Mesure de débit des fluides au moyen d'appareils déprimogènes insérés dans des conduites en charge de section circulaire - Partie 1: Principes généraux et exigences générales (ISO 5167-1:2003)

L'ISO 5167-1:2003 définit des termes et symboles et établit les principes généraux pour le mesurage et le calcul du débit des fluides dans une conduite au moyen d'appareils déprimogènes (diaphragmes, tuyères et tubes de Venturi) insérés dans des conduites en charge de section circulaire.
L'ISO 5167-1:2003 spécifie aussi les exigences générales en ce qui concerne les méthodes de mesurage, l'installation des appareils et la détermination de l'incertitude de la mesure de débit. Elle définit en outre les limites générales spécifiées de diamètre de conduite et de nombre de Reynolds, à l'intérieur desquelles ces appareils déprimogènes sont destinés à être utilisés.
L'ISO 5167 (toutes les parties) est applicable uniquement à un écoulement qui reste subsonique dans tout le tronçon de mesurage et où le fluide peut être considéré comme monophasique. Elle n'est pas applicable au mesurage d'un écoulement pulsé.

Merjenje pretoka fluida na osnovi tlačne razlike, povzročene z napravo, vstavljeno v polno zapolnjen vod s krožnim prerezom – 1. del: Splošna načela in zahteve (ISO 5167-1:2003)

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
28-Feb-2003
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
29-Jun-2022

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Measurement of fluid flow by means of pressure differential devices inserted in circular

cross-section conduits running full - Part 1: General principles and requirements (ISO

5167-1:2003)

Durchflussmessung von Fluiden mit Drosselgeräten in voll durchströmten Leitungen mit

Kreisquerschnitt - Teil 1: Allgemeine Grundlagen und Anforderungen (ISO 5167-1:2003)

Mesure de débit des fluides au moyen d'appareils déprimogenes insérés dans des

conduites en charge de section circulaire - Partie 1: Principes généraux et exigences

générales (ISO 5167-1:2003)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 5167-1:2003
ICS:
17.120.10 Pretok v zaprtih vodih Flow in closed conduits
SIST EN ISO 5167-1:2004 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 5167-1:2004
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 5167-1:2004
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 5167-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
March 2003
ICS 17.120.10 Together with EN ISO 5167-2:2003,
EN ISO 5167-3:2003 and EN ISO 5167-4:2003,
supersedes EN ISO 5167-1:1995
English version
Measurement of fluid flow by means of pressure differential
devices inserted in circular cross-section conduits running full -
Part 1: General principles and requirements (ISO 5167-1:2003)

Mesure de débit des fluides au moyen d'appareils Durchflussmessung von Fluiden mit Drosselgeräten in voll

déprimogènes insérés dans des conduites en charge de durchströmten Leitungen mit Kreisquerschnitt - Teil 1:

section circulaire - Partie 1: Principes généraux et Allgemeine Grundlagen und Anforderungen (ISO 5167-

exigences générales (ISO 5167-1:2003) 1:2003)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 20 February 2003.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same status as the official

versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2003 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 5167-1:2003 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 5167-1:2004
EN ISO 5167-1:2003 (E)
CORRECTED 2003-09-03
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 5167-1:2003) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 30

"Measurement of fluid flow in closed conduits" in collaboration with CMC.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2003, and conflicting national

standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by September 2003.

This document, together with EN ISO 5167-2:2003, EN ISO 5167-3:2003 and EN ISO 5167-4:2003,

supersedes EN ISO 5167-1:1995.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland

and the United Kingdom.

NOTE FROM CMC The foreword is susceptible to be amended on reception of the German

language version. The confirmed or amended foreword, and when appropriate, the normative

annex ZA for the references to international publications with their relevant European publications

will be circulated with the German version.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 5167-1:2003 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 5167-1:2003 without any

modifications.
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SIST EN ISO 5167-1:2004
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 5167-1
Second edition
2003-03-01
Measurement of fluid flow by means of
pressure differential devices inserted in
circular cross-section conduits running
full —
Part 1:
General principles and requirements
Mesure de débit des fluides au moyen d'appareils déprimogènes
insérés dans des conduites en charge de section circulaire —
Partie 1: Principes généraux et exigences générales
Reference number
ISO 5167-1:2003(E)
ISO 2003
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 5167-1:2004
ISO 5167-1:2003(E)
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ii © ISO 2003 — All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 5167-1:2004
ISO 5167-1:2003(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope...................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 1

4 Symbols and subscripts....................................................................................................................... 6

4.1 Symbols ................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.2 Subscripts.............................................................................................................................................. 7

5 Principle of the method of measurement and computation............................................................. 7

5.1 Principle of the method of measurement ........................................................................................... 7

5.2 Method of determination of the diameter ratio of the selected standard primary device ............. 8

5.3 Computation of flowrate....................................................................................................................... 8

5.4 Determination of density, pressure and temperature ....................................................................... 8

6 General requirements for the measurements .................................................................................. 10

6.1 Primary device..................................................................................................................................... 10

6.2 Nature of the fluid ............................................................................................................................... 11

6.3 Flow conditions................................................................................................................................... 11

7 Installation requirements ................................................................................................................... 11

7.1 General................................................................................................................................................. 11

7.2 Minimum upstream and downstream straight lengths ................................................................... 13

7.3 General requirement for flow conditions at the primary device .................................................... 13

7.4 Flow conditioners (see also Annex C)................................................................................................ 13

8 Uncertainties on the measurement of flowrate................................................................................ 16

8.1 Definition of uncertainty..................................................................................................................... 16

8.2 Practical computation of the uncertainty ......................................................................................... 17

Annex A (informative) Iterative computations............................................................................................... 19

Annex B (informative) Examples of values of the pipe wall uniform equivalent roughness, k ................ 21

Annex C (informative) Flow conditioners and flow straighteners............................................................... 22

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 33

© ISO 2003 — All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 5167-1:2004
ISO 5167-1:2003(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 5167-1 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 30, Measurement of fluid flow in closed conduits,

Subcommittee SC 2, Pressure differential devices.

This second edition of ISO 5167-1, together with the first editions of ISO 5167-2, ISO 5167-3 and ISO 5167-4,

cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 5167-1:1991), which has been technically revised, and

ISO 5167-1:1991/Amd.1:1998.

ISO 5167 consists of the following parts, under the general title Measurement of fluid flow by means of

pressure differential devices inserted in circular cross-section conduits running full:

— Part 1: General principles and requirements
— Part 2: Orifice plates
— Part 3: Nozzles and Venturi nozzles
— Part 4: Venturi tubes
iv © ISO 2003 — All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 5167-1:2004
ISO 5167-1:2003(E)
Introduction

ISO 5167, consisting of four parts, covers the geometry and method of use (installation and operating

conditions) of orifice plates, nozzles and Venturi tubes when they are inserted in a conduit running full to

determine the flowrate of the fluid flowing in the conduit. It also gives necessary information for calculating the

flowrate and its associated uncertainty.

ISO 5167 is applicable only to pressure differential devices in which the flow remains subsonic throughout the

measuring section and where the fluid can be considered as single-phase, but is not applicable to the

measurement of pulsating flow. Furthermore, each of these devices can only be used within specified limits of

pipe size and Reynolds number.

ISO 5167 deals with devices for which direct calibration experiments have been made, sufficient in number,

spread and quality to enable coherent systems of application to be based on their results and coefficients to

be given with certain predictable limits of uncertainty.

The devices introduced into the pipe are called “primary devices”. The term primary device also includes the

pressure tappings. All other instruments or devices required for the measurement are known as “secondary

devices”. ISO 5167 covers primary devices; secondary devices will be mentioned only occasionally.

ISO 5167 consists of the following four parts.

a) This part of ISO 5167 gives general terms and definitions, symbols, principles and requirements as well

as methods of measurement and uncertainty that are to be used in conjunction with Parts 2 to 4 of

ISO 5167.

b) Part 2 of ISO 5167 specifies orifice plates, which can be used with corner pressure tappings, D and D/2

pressure tappings , and flange pressure tappings.

c) Part 3 of ISO 5167 specifies ISA 1932 nozzles , long radius nozzles and Venturi nozzles, which differ in

shape and in the position of the pressure tappings.
d) Part 4 of ISO 5167 specifies classical Venturi tubes .

Aspects of safety are not dealt with in Parts 1 to 4 of ISO 5167. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure

that the system meets applicable safety regulations.

1) See ISO 2186:1973, Fluid flow in closed conduits — Connections for pressure signal transmissions between primary

and secondary elements.

2) Orifice plates with vena contracta pressure tappings are not considered in ISO 5167.

3) ISA is the abbreviation for the International Federation of the National Standardizing Associations, which was

succeeded by ISO in 1946.

4) In the USA the classical Venturi tube is sometimes called the Herschel Venturi tube.

© ISO 2003 — All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 5167-1:2004
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SIST EN ISO 5167-1:2004
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 5167-1:2003(E)
Measurement of fluid flow by means of
pressure differential devices inserted in
circular cross-section conduits running full —
Part 1:
General principles and requirements
1 Scope

This part of ISO 5167 defines terms and symbols and establishes the general principles for methods of

measurement and computation of the flowrate of fluid flowing in a conduit by means of pressure differential

devices (orifice plates, nozzles and Venturi tubes) when they are inserted into a circular cross-section conduit

running full. This part of ISO 5167 also specifies the general requirements for methods of measurement,

installation and determination of the uncertainty of the measurement of flowrate. It also defines the general

specified limits of pipe size and Reynolds number for which these pressure differential devices are to be used.

ISO 5167 (all parts) is applicable only to flow that remains subsonic throughout the measuring section and

where the fluid can be considered as single-phase. It is not applicable to the measurement of pulsating flow.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 4006:1991, Measurement of fluid flow in closed conduits — Vocabulary and symbols

ISO 5167-2:2003, Measurement of fluid flow by means of pressure differential devices inserted in circular

cross-section conduits running full — Part 2: Orifice plates

ISO 5167-3:2003, Measurement of fluid flow by means of pressure differential devices inserted in circular

cross-section conduits running full — Part 3: Nozzles and Venturi nozzles

ISO 5167-4:2003, Measurement of fluid flow by means of pressure differential devices inserted in circular

cross-section conduits running full — Part 4: Venturi tubes
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 4006 and the following apply.

NOTE The following definitions are given only for terms used in some special sense or for terms for which it seems

useful to emphasize the meaning.
© ISO 2003 — All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 5167-1:2004
ISO 5167-1:2003(E)
3.1 Pressure measurement
3.1.1
wall pressure tapping

annular slot or circular hole drilled in the wall of a conduit in such a way that the edge of the hole is flush with

the internal surface of the conduit

NOTE The pressure tapping is usually a circular hole but in certain cases may be an annular slot.

3.1.2
static pressure of a fluid flowing through a pipeline

pressure which can be measured by connecting a pressure-measuring device to a wall pressure tapping

NOTE Only the value of the absolute static pressure is considered in ISO 5167 (all parts).

3.1.3
differential pressure

difference between the (static) pressures measured at the wall pressure tappings, one of which is on the

upstream side and the other of which is on the downstream side of a primary device (or in the throat for a

Venturi nozzle or a Venturi tube), inserted in a straight pipe through which flow occurs, when any difference in

height between the upstream and downstream tappings has been taken into account

NOTE In ISO 5167 (all parts) the term “differential pressure” is used only if the pressure tappings are in the positions

specified for each standard primary device.
3.1.4
pressure ratio

ratio of the absolute (static) pressure at the downstream pressure tapping to the absolute (static) pressure at

the upstream pressure tapping
3.2 Primary devices
3.2.1
orifice
throat
opening of minimum cross-sectional area of a primary device

NOTE Standard primary device orifices are circular and coaxial with the pipeline.

3.2.2
orifice plate
thin plate in which a circular opening has been machined

NOTE Standard orifice plates are described as “thin plate” and “with sharp square edge”, because the thickness of

the plate is small compared with the diameter of the measuring section and because the upstream edge of the orifice is

sharp and square.
3.2.3
nozzle

device which consists of a convergent inlet connected to a cylindrical section generally called the “throat”

3.2.4
Venturi nozzle

device which consists of a convergent inlet which is a standardized ISA 1932 nozzle connected to a cylindrical

part called the “throat” and an expanding section called the “divergent” which is conical

2 © ISO 2003 — All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 5167-1:2004
ISO 5167-1:2003(E)
3.2.5
Venturi tube

device which consists of a convergent inlet which is conical connected to a cylindrical part called the “throat”

and an expanding section called the “divergent” which is conical
3.2.6
diameter ratio

〈of a primary device used in a given pipe〉 ratio of the diameter of the orifice or throat of the primary device to

the internal diameter of the measuring pipe upstream of the primary device

NOTE However, when the primary device has a cylindrical section upstream, having the same diameter as that of the

pipe (as in the case of the classical Venturi tube), the diameter ratio is the ratio of the throat diameter and the diameter of

this cylindrical section at the plane of the upstream pressure tappings.
3.3 Flow
3.3.1
flowrate
rate of flow
mass or volume of fluid passing through the orifice (or throat) per unit time
3.3.1.1
mass flowrate
rate of mass flow
mass of fluid passing through the orifice (or throat) per unit time
3.3.1.2
volume flowrate
rate of volume flow
volume of fluid passing through the orifice (or throat) per unit time

NOTE In the case of volume flowrate, it is necessary to state the pressure and temperature at which the volume is

referenced.
3.3.2
Reynolds number

dimensionless parameter expressing the ratio between the inertia and viscous forces

3.3.2.1
pipe Reynolds number

dimensionless parameter expressing the ratio between the inertia and viscous forces in the upstream pipe

VD 4q
1 m
Re==
ν πµD
© ISO 2003 — All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 5167-1:2004
ISO 5167-1:2003(E)
3.3.2.2
orifice or throat Reynolds number

dimensionless parameter expressing the ratio between the inertia and viscous forces in the orifice or throat of

the primary device
Re =
3.3.3
isentropic exponent

ratio of the relative variation in pressure to the corresponding relative variation in density under elementary

reversible adiabatic (isentropic) transformation conditions

NOTE 1 The isentropic exponent κ appears in the different formulae for the expansibility [expansion] factor ε and varies

with the nature of the gas and with its temperature and pressure.

NOTE 2 There are many gases and vapours for which no values for κ have been published so far, particularly over a

wide range of pressure and temperature. In such a case, for the purposes of ISO 5167 (all parts), the ratio of the specific

heat capacity at constant pressure to the specific heat capacity at constant volume of ideal gases can be used in place of

the isentropic exponent.
3.3.4
Joule Thomson coefficient
isenthalpic temperature-pressure coefficient
rate of change of temperature with respect to pressure at constant enthalpy:
µ =
µ =
pCT∂
m,p
where
T is the absolute temperature;
p is the static pressure of a fluid flowing through a pipeline;
H is the enthalpy;
R is the universal gas constant;
C is the molar-heat capacity at constant pressure;
m,p
Z is the compressibility factor

NOTE The Joule Thomson coefficient varies with the nature of the gas and with its temperature and pressure and

can be calculated.
4 © ISO 2003 — All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 5167-1:2004
ISO 5167-1:2003(E)
3.3.5
discharge coefficient

coefficient, defined for an incompressible fluid flow, which relates the actual flowrate to the theoretical flowrate

through a device, and is given by the formula for incompressible fluids
q 1− β
C =
dp2∆ ρ

NOTE 1 Calibration of standard primary devices by means of incompressible fluids (liquids) shows that the discharge

coefficient is dependent only on the Reynolds number for a given primary device in a given installation.

The numerical value of C is the same for different installations whenever such installations are geometrically similar and

the flows are characterized by identical Reynolds numbers.

The equations for the numerical values of C given in ISO 5167 (all parts) are based on data determined experimentally.

The uncertainty in the value of C can be reduced by flow calibration in a suitable laboratory.

NOTE 2 The quantity 11− β is called the “velocity of approach factor”, and the product

1− β
is called the “flow coefficient”.
3.3.6
expansibility [expansion] factor
coefficient used to take into account the compressibility of the fluid
q 1− β
ε =
dC 2∆pρ

NOTE Calibration of a given primary device by means of a compressible fluid (gas) shows that the ratio

q 1− β
dp2∆ ρ

is dependent on the value of the Reynolds number as well as on the values of the pressure ratio and the isentropic

exponent of the gas.

The method adopted for representing these variations consists of multiplying the discharge coefficient C of the primary

device considered, as determined by direct calibration carried out with liquids for the same value of the Reynolds number,

by the expansibility [expansion] factor ε.

The expansibility factor, ε, is equal to unity when the fluid is considered incompressible (liquid) and is less than unity when

the fluid is compressible (gaseous).

This method is possible because experiments show that ε is practically independent of the Reynolds number and, for a

given diameter ratio of a given primary device, ε only depends on the pressure ratio and the isentropic exponent.

© ISO 2003 — All rights reserved 5
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SIST EN ISO 5167-1:2004
ISO 5167-1:2003(E)

The numerical values of ε for orifice plates given in ISO 5167-2 are based on data determined experimentally. For nozzles

(see ISO 5167-3) and Venturi tubes (see ISO 5167-4) they are based on the thermodynamic general equation applied to

isentropic expansion.
3.3.7
arithmetical mean deviation of the roughness profile
arithmetical mean deviation from the mean line of the profile being measured

NOTE 1 The mean line is such that the sum of the squares of the distances between the effective surface and the

mean line is a minimum. In practice Ra can be measured with standard equipment for machined surfaces but can only be

estimated for rougher surfaces of pipes. See also ISO 4288.

NOTE 2 For pipes, the uniform equivalent roughness k may also be used. This value can be determined experimentally

(see 7.1.5) or taken from tables (see Annex B).
4 Symbols and subscripts
4.1 Symbols
Table 1 — Symbols
Symbol Quantity Dimension Sl unit
C Coefficient of discharge dimensionless —
2 −2 −1 −1
C Molar-heat capacity at constant pressure ML T Θ mol J/(mol⋅K)
m,p
Diameter of orifice (or throat) of primary device under working
d L m
conditions
Upstream internal pipe diameter (or upstream diameter of a
D L m
classical Venturi tube) under working conditions
2 −2 −1
H Enthalpy ML T mol J/mol
k Uniform equivalent roughness L m
Pressure loss coefficient (the ratio of the pressure loss to the
K dimensionless —
dynamic pressure, ρV /2)
l Pressure tapping spacing L m
L Relative pressure tapping spacing: L = l/D dimensionless —
−1 −2
p Absolute static pressure of the fluid ML T Pa
q Mass flowrate MT kg/s
3 −1 3
q Volume flowrate L T m /s
R Radius L m
Ra Arithmetical mean deviation of the (roughness) profile L m
2 −2 −1 −1
R Universal gas constant ML T Θ mol J/(mol⋅K)
Re Reynolds number dimensionless —
Re Reynolds number referred to D dimensionless —
Re Reynolds number referred to d dimensionless —
t Temperature of the fluid Θ °C
T Absolute (thermodynamic) temperature of the fluid Θ K
U ′ Relative uncertainty dimensionless —
6 © ISO 2003 — All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 5167-1:2004
ISO 5167-1:2003(E)
Table 1 (continued)
Symbol Quantity Dimension Sl unit
V Mean axial velocity of the fluid in the pipe LT m/s
Z Compressibility factor dimensionless —
β Diameter ratio: β = d/D dimensionless —
γ Ratio of specific heat capacities dimensionless —
c c
δ Absolute uncertainty
−1 −2
∆p Differential pressure ML T Pa
−1 −2
∆p Pressure loss across a flow conditioner ML T Pa
−1 −2
∆ϖ Pressure loss across a primary device ML T Pa
ε Expansibility [expansion] factor dimensionless —
κ Isentropic exponent dimensionless —
λ Friction factor dimensionless —
−1 −1
µ Dynamic viscosity of the fluid ML T Pa⋅s
−1 2
µ Joule Thomson coefficient M LT Θ K/Pa
2 −1 2
v Kinematic viscosity of the fluid: v = µ /ρ L T m /s
Relative pressure loss (the ratio of the pressure loss to the
ξ dimensionless —
differential pressure)
−3 3
ρ Density of the fluid ML kg/m
τ Pressure ratio: τ = p /p dimensionless —
2 1
φ Total a
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Questions, Comments and Discussion

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