Drilling and foundation equipment - Safety - Part 1: Common requirements

This European Standard specifies the common safety requirements for drilling and foundation equipment.
Part 1 of this European Standard deals with the significant hazards common to drilling and foundation equipment (see Annex A), when they are used as intended and under the conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer associated with the whole life time of the machine (transport, assembly, dismantling, equipment in service and out of service, maintenance, moving on site, storage, disabling and scrapping).
NOTE 1   The requirements specified in this part of the standard are common to two or more families of drilling and foundation equipment.
This document gives safety requirements for all types of drilling and foundation equipment and is intended to be used in conjunction with one of parts 2 to 7. These machine specific parts do not repeat the requirements from part 1 but supplement or modify the requirements for the type of drilling and foundation equipment in question.
For multipurpose machinery, the parts of the standard that cover the specific functions and applications are used, e.g. a drilling machine also used as a piling machine will use the relevant requirements of EN 16228 parts 1, 2, and 4.
The following machines are excluded from the scope of this standard:
   tunnelling machines, unshielded tunnel boring machines and rodless shaft boring machines for rock according to prEN 16191;
   raise boring machines;
   drill rigs used in oil and gas industry.
NOTE 2   Specific requirements for offshore applications are not covered by this European Standard.
Where a drilling or foundation equipment of fixed configuration that is not intended to be separated is assembled using a carrier based on earth-moving equipment, agricultural equipment, or a crane, then the completed assembly will conform to the requirements specified in this drilling and foundation equipment standard.
Drilling and foundation equipment within the scope of EN 16228 parts 1 to 6 may include interchangeable auxiliary equipment within the scope of EN 16228 part 7, either as an integral part of its construction or as interchangeably fitted equipment.
If drilling and foundation equipment is intended to be used in a potentially explosive atmosphere, additional requirements will need to be met which are not covered by this standard.

Geräte für Bohr- und Gründungsarbeiten - Sicherheit - Teil 1: Gemeinsame Anforderungen

Diese Europäische Norm legt die gemeinsamen sicherheitstechnischen Anforderungen an Geräte für Bohr- und Gründungsarbeiten fest.
Teil 1 dieser Europäischen Norm behandelt die signifikanten Gefährdungen im Zusammenhang mit Geräten für Bohr- und Gründungsarbeiten, wenn sie wie vorgesehen und unter den vom Hersteller vernünftigerweise vorhersehbaren Bedingungen der Fehlanwendung verwendet werden (siehe Anhang A), die mit der gesamten Lebensdauer der Maschine in Verbindung stehen (Transport, Montage, Demontage, Gerät in Betrieb und außer Betrieb, Instandhaltung, Bewegung am Einsatzort, Lagerung, außer Betrieb setzen und Verschrotten).
ANMERKUNG 1   Die in diesem Teil der Norm festgelegten Anforderungen gelten gemeinsam für zwei oder mehrere Gattungen von Geräten für Bohr- und Gründungsarbeiten.
Dieses Dokument enthält sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen an alle Arten von Geräten für Bohr- und Gründungsarbeiten und ist in Zusammenhang mit einem der Teile 2 bis 7 zu verwenden. Diese maschinenspezifischen Teile wiederholen nicht die Anforderungen aus Teil 1, sondern ersetzen oder fügen Anforderungen für die Art des betreffenden Geräts für Bohr- und Gründungsarbeiten hinzu.
Für Mehrzweckgeräte werden die Teile der Norm angewendet, welche besondere Funktionen und Anwendungen umfassen, wenn z. B. ein Bohrgerät zusätzlich als Rammgerät verwendet wird, werden die entsprechenden Anforderungen aus EN 16228-1, EN 16228-2 und EN 16228-4, angewandt.
Folgende Maschinen fallen nicht in den Anwendungsbereich dieser Norm:
Folgende Maschinen sind aus dem Anwendungsbereich dieser Norm ausgeschlossen:
-   Tunnelbaumaschinen, Tunnelbohrmaschinen ohne Schild und gestängelose Schachtbohrmaschinen für Gestein entsprechend prEN 16191;
-   Aufbruchbohrmaschinen;
-   Bohrgeräte, die in der Öl- und Gasindustrie verwendet werden.
ANMERKUNG 2   Besondere Anforderungen an Offshore-Anwendungen werden in dieser Europäischen Norm nicht behandelt.
Wenn ein Gerät für Bohr- oder Gründungsarbeiten in befestigter Konfiguration, deren Trennung nicht vorgesehen ist, auf einen Träger montiert wird, der auf Erdbaumaschinen, landwirtschaftlichen Geräten oder Kränen steht, so muss der gesamte Aufbau den in dieser Norm festgelegten Anforderungen an Geräte für Bohr- und Gründungsarbeiten entsprechen.
Geräte für Bohr- und Gründungsarbeiten innerhalb des Anwendungsbereiches von EN 16228, Teile 1 bis 6, können auswechselbare Zusatzausrüstung enthalten, die vom Anwendungsbereich der EN 16228-7, abgedeckt ist, entweder als integrierter Teil des Geräts oder als auswechselbare befestigte Ausrüstung.
Wenn vorgesehen ist, die Maschine für Bohr- und Gründungsarbeiten in explosionsfähiger Umgebung zu verwenden, müssen zusätzliche Anforderungen erfüllt werden, die in dieser Norm nicht behandelt werden.

Machines de forage et de fondation - Sécurité - Partie 1: Prescriptions communes

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les prescriptions de sécurité communes pour les machines de forage et de fondation.
La partie 1 de la présente Norme européenne traite des phénomènes dangereux significatifs communs aux machines de forage et de fondation (voir l'Annexe A), lorsqu'elles sont utilisées normalement et dans les conditions prévues par le fabricant associés à toute la durée de vie des machines (transport, montage, démontage, matériel en service et hors service, maintenance, déplacement sur le chantier, stockage, mise hors service et mise au rebut).
NOTE 1   Les prescriptions spécifiées dans la présente partie de la norme sont communes à plusieurs familles de machines de forage et de fondation.
Le présent document donne les prescriptions de sécurité applicables à tous les types de machine de forage et de fondation et est destiné à être utilisé conjointement aux parties 2 à 7. Ces parties qui sont spécifiques à différentes machines ne répètent pas les prescriptions de la partie 1, mais complètent ou modifient certaines prescriptions pour le type de machine de forage et de fondation concerné.
Pour les machines multifonctions, les parties de la présente norme couvrant les fonctions et applications spécifiques sont utilisées, par exemple une machine de forage également utilisée comme machine pour foncer les pieux utilisera les prescriptions pertinentes du FprEN 16228 parties 1, 2 et 4.
Les machines suivantes sont exclues du domaine d'application de la présente norme :
   les tunneliers, les tunneliers sans bouclier et les machines foreuses pour puits sans tige de traction conformément au prEN 16191 ;
   les machines pour forage montant de type raise boring ;
   les appareils de forage utilisés dans l'industrie pétrolière et gazière.
NOTE 2   La présente Norme européenne ne couvre pas les prescriptions spécifiques aux applications offshore.
Lorsqu'une machine de forage ou de fondation de configuration fixe qui n'est pas destinée à être séparée est montée au moyen d'un porteur basé sur un engin de terrassement, une machine agricole, ou une grue, le montage complet sera conforme aux prescriptions spécifiées dans la présente norme sur les machines de forage et de fondation.
Les machines de forage et de fondation entrant dans le domaine d'application des FprEN 16228 parties 1 à 6 peuvent inclure des équipements interchangeables entrant dans le domaine d'application du FprEN 16228 partie 7, soit en tant que partie intégrante de leur construction, soit comme des équipements interchangeables fournis.
Si les machines de forage et de fondation sont destinées à être utilisées dans une atmosphère explosible, des prescriptions supplémentaires non couvertes par la présente norme devront  être respectées.

Oprema za vrtanje in temeljenje - Varnost - 1. del: Splošne zahteve

Standard EN 16228-1 določa splošne varnostne zahteve za opremo za vrtanje in temeljenje. V 1. delu tega evropskega standarda so obravnavana večja tveganja, skupna opremi za vrtanje in temeljenje (glej dodatek A), če se uporablja, kot je bilo predvideno, in pod pogoji nepravilne uporabe, ki jih je razumno predvidel proizvajalec, v zvezi s celotno življenjsko dobo opreme (prevoz, sestavljanje, razstavljanje, oprema med obratovanjem in mirovanjem, vzdrževanje, selitev na gradbišče, skladiščenje, onemogočanje ter razrezovanje).

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
20-May-2014
Current Stage
9093 - Decision to confirm - Review Enquiry
Completion Date
20-May-2021

RELATIONS

Effective Date
23-Oct-2010
Effective Date
28-May-2014

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Oprema za vrtanje in temeljenje - Varnost - 1. del: Splošne zahteveGeräte für Bohr- und Gründungsarbeiten - Sicherheit - Teil 1: Gemeinsame AnforderungenMachines de forage et de fondation - Sécurité - Partie 1: Prescriptions communesDrilling and foundation equipment - Safety - Part 1: Common requirements93.020Zemeljska dela. Izkopavanja. Gradnja temeljev. Dela pod zemljoEarthworks. Excavations. Foundation construction. Underground works53.100Stroji za zemeljska delaEarth-moving machineryICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 16228-1:2014SIST EN 16228-1:2014en,fr,de01-oktober-2014SIST EN 16228-1:2014SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 996:2000+A3:2009SIST EN 791:2000+A1:20091DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 16228-1:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 16228-1

May 2014 ICS 93.020 Supersedes EN 791:1995+A1:2009, EN 996:1995+A3:2009English Version

Drilling and foundation equipment - Safety - Part 1: Common requirements
Machines de forage et de fondation - Sécurité - Partie 1: Prescriptions communes

Geräte für Bohr- und Gründungsarbeiten - Sicherheit - Teil 1: Gemeinsame Anforderungen This European Standard was approved by CEN on 6 March 2014.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 16228-1:2014 ESIST EN 16228-1:2014

EN 16228-1:2014 (E) 2 Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................6 Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................7 1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................8 2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................8 3 Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................ 11 4 List of significant hazards ................................................................................................................. 15 5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures ........................................................................... 19 5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 19 5.2 Requirements for strength and stability .......................................................................................... 20 5.2.1 Loads ................................................................................................................................................... 20 5.2.2 Structural calculations ....................................................................................................................... 21 5.2.3 Rigid body stability ............................................................................................................................. 22 5.2.4 Floating ship, barge or pontoon ........................................................................................................ 31 5.3 Electrotechnical systems ................................................................................................................... 31 5.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 31 5.3.2 Battery installation.............................................................................................................................. 31 5.4 Hydraulic and pneumatic systems.................................................................................................... 32 5.4.1 Hydraulic systems .............................................................................................................................. 32 5.4.2 Pneumatic systems ............................................................................................................................ 32 5.4.3 Hoses, pipes and fittings under pressure ........................................................................................ 32 5.5 Failure of the power supply ............................................................................................................... 33 5.6 Uncontrolled motion ........................................................................................................................... 33 5.7 Brakes of the carrier machine ........................................................................................................... 33 5.7.1 Brakes for travelling ........................................................................................................................... 33 5.7.2 Brakes for slewing .............................................................................................................................. 33 5.8 Winches, draw-works and ropes ....................................................................................................... 33 5.8.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 33 5.8.2 Winches and pulleys .......................................................................................................................... 34 5.8.3 Pulley and drum diameters ................................................................................................................ 35 5.8.4 Ropes and rope end terminations ..................................................................................................... 35 5.8.5 Roller and leaf chains ......................................................................................................................... 35 5.9 Masts, derricks and feed beams ....................................................................................................... 36 5.10 Indicating/limiting devices for inclination ........................................................................................ 36 5.10.1 Inclination of leader, mast or boom .................................................................................................. 36 5.10.2 Inclination of the carrier ..................................................................................................................... 36 5.10.3 Stroke limiting devices ....................................................................................................................... 36 5.11 Ergonomics for control stations and servicing points ................................................................... 36 5.12 Access to operating positions, intervention and servicing points ............................................... 37 5.13 Platforms on masts and leaders. ...................................................................................................... 37 5.13.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 37 5.13.2 Working platform for lifting personnel ............................................................................................. 37 5.13.3 Movable platform ................................................................................................................................ 39 5.14 Operating position(s) ......................................................................................................................... 39 5.14.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 39 5.14.2 Visibility ............................................................................................................................................... 41 5.15 Control systems .................................................................................................................................. 41 5.15.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 41 5.15.2 Required performance levels for safety related parts of control systems ................................... 41 5.15.3 Starting ................................................................................................................................................ 43 5.15.4 Stopping .............................................................................................................................................. 43 SIST EN 16228-1:2014

EN 16228-1:2014 (E) 3 5.16 Control devices .................................................................................................................................... 43 5.16.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 43 5.16.2 Inadvertent actuation of controls ...................................................................................................... 44 5.16.3 Controls for extending the crawlers (tracks) of the carrier machine ............................................. 44 5.17 Remotely controlled and automated drilling and foundation equipment ...................................... 44 5.17.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 44 5.17.2 Operating position ............................................................................................................................... 45 5.17.3 Emergency stop ................................................................................................................................... 45 5.17.4 Control system .................................................................................................................................... 45 5.18 Unmanned, automatically operated drilling and foundation equipment ....................................... 45 5.19 Retrieval, transportation, lifting and towing of the drilling and foundation equipment and its parts ................................................................................................................................................. 45 5.19.1 Common use ........................................................................................................................................ 45 5.19.2 Retrieval/Towing .................................................................................................................................. 46 5.19.3 Tie-down ............................................................................................................................................... 46 5.19.4 Lifting points ........................................................................................................................................ 46 5.19.5 Transportation ..................................................................................................................................... 46 5.20 Handling of drilling tools .................................................................................................................... 46 5.21 Isolation of energy sources ................................................................................................................ 46 5.22 Hot and cold surfaces and sharp edges ........................................................................................... 46 5.23 Protection against moving parts ....................................................................................................... 47 5.23.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 47 5.23.2 Moving parts involved in the process ............................................................................................... 47 5.23.3 Transmission parts ............................................................................................................................. 50 5.23.4 Drilling and foundation equipment using threaded drill string connections ................................ 50 5.23.5 Clamps and rod breaking clamps used in the drilling process ...................................................... 51 5.23.6 Tools handling system ........................................................................................................................ 51 5.24 Falling or ejected objects ................................................................................................................... 51 5.25 Lighting................................................................................................................................................. 52 5.25.1 Working light ........................................................................................................................................ 52 5.25.2 Illumination when tramming or slewing ............................................................................................ 52 5.25.3 Lighting inside the cab ....................................................................................................................... 52 5.26 Fire prevention ..................................................................................................................................... 52 5.26.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 52 5.26.2 Fire extinguishers ................................................................................................................................ 53 5.26.3 Installation of fire extinguishers ........................................................................................................ 53 5.26.4 Fire prevention for fuel and hydraulic circuits ................................................................................. 53 5.27 Noise and vibration ............................................................................................................................. 53 5.27.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 53 5.27.2 Noise ..................................................................................................................................................... 53 5.27.3 Vibration ............................................................................................................................................... 54 5.28 Exhaust gases and dust ..................................................................................................................... 54 5.28.1 Engine exhausts .................................................................................................................................. 54 5.28.2 Dust ....................................................................................................................................................... 54 5.29 Maintenance ......................................................................................................................................... 55 5.30 Warning devices .................................................................................................................................. 55 6 Verification of the safety requirements and/or protective measures ............................................ 55 6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 55 6.2 Testing .................................................................................................................................................. 61 6.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 61 6.2.2 Tests ..................................................................................................................................................... 61 7 Information for use .............................................................................................................................. 62 7.1 Marking ................................................................................................................................................. 62 7.1.1 Data plate for drilling and foundation equipment ............................................................................ 62 7.1.2 Data plate for working platforms for lifting personnel and movable platforms ............................ 63 7.2 Indicators.............................................................................................................................................. 63 7.2.1 Information indicators ......................................................................................................................... 63 SIST EN 16228-1:2014

EN 16228-1:2014 (E) 4 7.2.2 Warning signs for residual hazards .................................................................................................. 63 7.2.3 Warning devices ................................................................................................................................. 63 7.3 Instruction books for drilling and foundation equipment .............................................................. 63 7.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 63 7.3.2 Operator's manual .............................................................................................................................. 64 7.3.3 Maintenance instructions .................................................................................................................. 69 7.3.4 Spare parts list .................................................................................................................................... 70 Annex A (informative)

List of drilling and foundation equipment ............................................................... 71 A.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 71 A.2 Illustrations .......................................................................................................................................... 72 Annex B (normative)

Noise test code .......................................................................................................... 124 B.1 General ............................................................................................................................................... 124 B.2 Operation of the drilling and foundation equipment during noise tests .................................... 124 B.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................... 124 B.2.2 Multiple power units ......................................................................................................................... 124 B.2.3 Fan speed .......................................................................................................................................... 125 B.2.4 Different types of drilling and foundation equipment ................................................................... 125 B.3 Determination of the sound power level ........................................................................................ 125 B.3.1 Basic noise emission standards ..................................................................................................... 125 B.3.2 Determination according to EN ISO 3744 ....................................................................................... 127 B.4 Measurement of emission sound pressure level at the operator’s position .............................. 127 B.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................... 127 B.4.2 Performance of test at a fixed operator's position ........................................................................ 127 B.4.3 Performance of test for operator's and assistant(s) position for remote-controlled machines ........................................................................................................................................... 128 B.4.4 Acceptance criteria of measurements ............................................................................................ 128 B.5 Uncertainty of measurements ......................................................................................................... 128 B.6 Information to be recorded and reported ....................................................................................... 128 B.7 Noise declaration .............................................................................................................................. 129 Annex C (normative)

Whole-body and hand-arm vibration test ................................................................ 130 C.1 General ............................................................................................................................................... 130 C.2 Measurement ..................................................................................................................................... 130 Annex D (informative)

Symbols and signs .................................................................................................. 131 D.1 Introduction ....................................................................................................................................... 131 D.2 General safety and warning signs .................................................................................................. 131 D.3 General control symbols .................................................................................................................. 133 D.4 Symbols for information .................................................................................................................. 134 D.5 Symbols to be used for the control of the engine, fuel, brake transmission systems and hydraulic system............................................................................................................................... 135 D.6 Symbols to be used for the control of the drilling operation ....................................................... 135 D.6.1 General symbols ............................................................................................................................... 135 D.6.2 Symbols for general machine functions ........................................................................................ 136 D.6.3 Rod handling system ....................................................................................................................... 137 D.6.4 Mast erection and positioning ......................................................................................................... 138 D.6.5 Winch and slip rope drum ................................................................................................................ 141 D.6.6 Tramming ........................................................................................................................................... 141 D.7 Miscellaneous symbols .................................................................................................................... 142 Annex E (normative)

Instruction selecting and fitting of wire rope grips for free fall application ........ 143 E.1 General ............................................................................................................................................... 143 E.2 Installation ......................................................................................................................................... 143 E.3 Number of grips ................................................................................................................................ 143 E.4 Tightening torque ............................................................................................................................. 143 E.5 Detachable connections .................................................................................................................. 144 Annex F (normative)

Ground pressure calculation for crawler mounted drilling and foundation equipment .......................................................................................................................................... 145 F.1 General ............................................................................................................................................... 145 F.2 Calculation of ground pressures .................................................................................................... 145 SIST EN 16228-1:2014

EN 16228-1:2014 (E) 5 Annex G (normative)

Test conditions of the stopping performances of the rotation of the drilling head .................................................................................................................................................... 148 G.1 General ............................................................................................................................................... 148 G.2 Conditions of measure ...................................................................................................................... 148 G.3 Measures implementation ................................................................................................................ 148 G.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................... 148 G.3.2 Measurements ................................................................................................................................... 149 G.3.3 Data to be recorded ........................................................................................................................... 149 G.3.4 Evaluation of results ......................................................................................................................... 149 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC ...................................................................................... 150 Bibliography .................................................................................................................................................... 151

SIST EN 16228-1:2014

EN 16228-1:2014 (E) 6 Foreword This document (EN 16228-1:2014) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 151 “Construction equipment and building material machines - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2014 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by November 2014. This document supersedes EN 791:1995+A1:2009, EN 996:1995+A3:2009. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. This European Standard is divided into several parts and covers drilling and foundation equipment. Part 1 contains requirements that are/may be common to all drilling and foundation equipment. Other parts contain additional requirements for specific machines that supplement or modify the requirements of part 1. Co

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