Textile child care articles - Safety requirements and test methods for children's sleep bags for use in a cot

This document specifies requirements for the safety of children's sleep bags which are used in the children's sleeping environment (i.e. not under supervision), and designed to provide sufficient warmth so as to remove the need for additional bedding when sleeping in a cot or similar product (e.g. crib/cradle) in which a child is contained. It is applicable to products for use by younger children based on the ability of the children to not being able to climb out of the cot (approximately under the age of 24 months).
NOTE   The informative Annex D lists topics of further investigations, which might lead to necessary improvement of the safety requirements of children's sleep bags.
This document does not apply to products designed for use during the care of premature children or children of low birthweight or for outdoor use or to products designed to keep a child warm in a pushchair or car seats (e.g. foot muff).
If a part of the children's sleep bag is designed to offer additional function (e.g. play function), this part will, in addition to the following requirements, be subjected to safety requirements related to relevant standards (see A.1).

Textile Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Kinderschlafsäcke

Dieses Dokument legt Anforderungen an die Sicherheit von Kinderschlafsäcken, die im Schlafumfeld des Kindes (d. h. nicht beaufsichtigt) verwendet werden und dafür ausgelegt sind, dem in einem Kinderbett oder in einem ähnlichen Produkt (z.B. einer Krippe/Wiege) schlafenden Kind ausreichend Wärme zu bieten, sodass keine Notwendigkeit für zusätzliche Bettwaren besteht. Es ist anzuwenden auf Produkte, die von jüngeren Kindern benutzt werden und beruhen auf der Unfähigkeit der Kinder, aus dem Kinderbett herauszuklettern (etwa im Alter bis zu 24 Monaten).
ANMERKUNG   Im informativen Anhang D sind Themen zur weiteren Untersuchungen aufgeführt, die zu notwendiger Verbesserung der sicherheitstechnischen Anforderungen an Kinderschlafsäcke führen können.
Dieses Dokument ist nicht anzuwenden für Produkte für Frühgeborene oder Kinder mit geringem Geburtsgewicht oder zur Verwendung im Freien oder für Produkte zum Warmhalten eines Kindes in einem Kinderwagen oder Autositz (z. B. Fußsack).
Wenn ein Teil des Kinderschlafsacks so gestaltet ist, dass er eine zusätzliche Funktion bietet (z.B. Spielfunktion), unterliegt dieser Teil zusätzlich zu den folgenden Anforderungen auch den sicherheitstechnischen Anforderungen der zutreffenden Normen (siehe A.1).

Articles textiles de puériculture - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d’essai pour les gigoteuses destinées à être utilisées dans un lit à nacelle

Le présent document spécifie les exigences de sécurité des gigoteuses utilisées dans l’environnement de sommeil d’enfants (c’est-à-dire hors surveillance) et conçues pour fournir une chaleur suffisante de sorte à éliminer le besoin en articles de literie supplémentaires quand l’enfant dort dans un lit d’enfant ou dans un produit similaire (berceau par exemple) dans lequel il est installé. Il est applicable aux produits destinés à être utilisés par les enfants en bas âge sur la base de l’incapacité de l’enfant à grimper pour sortir du lit d’enfant (à un âge inférieur à 24 mois environ).
NOTE   L’Annexe D, informative, présente des pistes de recherches complémentaires susceptibles de faire évoluer les exigences de sécurité des gigoteuses.
Le présent document ne concerne pas les produits conçus pour un usage pendant le soin des enfants prématurés ou des enfants ayant un faible poids à la naissance, les produits conçus pour un usage en extérieur ou les produits conçus pour garder l’enfant au chaud dans une poussette ou un siège de voiture (chancelière par exemple).
Si une partie d’une gigoteuse est conçue pour permettre une fonction supplémentaire (fonction de jouer par exemple), cette partie, en plus des exigences suivantes, sera soumise aux exigences de sécurité des normes correspondantes (voir A.1).

Tekstilni izdelki za otroke - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode za otroške spalne vreče, ki se uporabljajo v posteljici

Ta dokument določa varnostne zahteve za otroške spalne vreče, ki se uporabljajo v otrokovem spalnem okolju (tj. brez nadzora), ki so zasnovane za zagotavljanje zadostne toplote brez dodatne posteljnine pri spanju v otroški posteljici ali podobnem izdelku (npr. zibelki), v katerem se nahaja otrok. Uporablja se za izdelke, ki jih uporabljajo mlajši otroci, na podlagi zmožnosti otroka, da ne more splezati iz otroške posteljice (do starosti približno 24 mesecev).
OPOMBA Informativni dodatek D navaja seznam tem za nadaljnje raziskave, ki lahko vodijo do nujnih izboljšav varnostnih zahtev za otroške spalne vreče.
Ta dokument se ne uporablja za izdelke, namenjene za uporabo pri negi prezgodaj rojenih otrok, otrok z nizko porodno težo, na prostem ali za izdelke, ki so namenjeni temu, da je otroku toplo v otroškem vozičku ali avtomobilskem sedežu (npr. zimske vreče).
Če je del otroške spalne vreče zasnovan tako, da ponuja dodatno funkcijo (npr. predvajanje), za ta del poleg navedenih zahtev veljajo tudi varnostne zahteve ustreznih standardov (glejte A.1).

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
31-Jul-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
01-Aug-2018
Completion Date
01-Aug-2018

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Textile Artikel für Kleinkinder und Säuglinge - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für BabyschlafsäckeArticles textiles de puériculture - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai pour les gigoteusesTextile child care articles - Safety requirements and test methods for children's sleep bags for use in a cot97.190Otroška opremaEquipment for children97.160Tekstilije za dom. PeriloHome textiles. LinenICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 16781:2018SIST EN 16781:2018en,fr,de01-oktober-2018SIST EN 16781:2018SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 16781:2018
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 16781
August
t r s z ICS
{ yä s x râ
{ yä s { r English Version

Textile child care articles æ Safety requirements and test methods for children 5s sleep bags for use in a cot Articles textiles de puériculture æ Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d 5essai pour les gigoteuses destinées à être utilisées dans un lit à nacelle

Textile Artikel für Kleinkinder und Säuglinge æ Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Babyschlafsäcke This European Standard was approved by CEN on

z February
t r s zä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s z CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s x y z sã t r s z ESIST EN 16781:2018

EN 16781:2018 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7 4 Requirements and test methods ................................................................................................................ 9 4.1 Design characteristics (see A.2) ................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9 4.1.2 Neck openings .................................................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.3 Press fasteners, buttons............................................................................................................................. 11 4.1.4 Slide fasteners ............................................................................................................................................... 11 4.1.5 Touch and close fasteners ......................................................................................................................... 11 4.1.6 Threads (including sleep bag seams) ................................................................................................... 12 4.1.7 Labels ................................................................................................................................................................ 12 4.1.8 Embellishments ............................................................................................................................................ 13 4.1.9 Fabrics and filling materials .................................................................................................................... 13 4.2 Mechanical and physical hazards (see A.3) ........................................................................................ 13 4.2.1 Entrapment of fingers and toes, ischemia ........................................................................................... 13 4.2.2 Strangulation ................................................................................................................................................. 14 4.2.3 Small part aspiration or ingestion, internal asphyxiation (choking) ....................................... 14 4.2.4 Cutting, puncture, abrasion ...................................................................................................................... 15 4.3 Chemical hazards (see A.4) ....................................................................................................................... 15 4.3.1 Migration of certain substances .............................................................................................................. 15 4.3.2 Formaldehyde ............................................................................................................................................... 16 4.3.3 Flame retardants .......................................................................................................................................... 16 4.4 Thermal hazards - hypothermia and hyperthermia (see A.5) ..................................................... 17 4.4.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 17 4.4.2 Test method ................................................................................................................................................... 17 4.5 Fire hazards (see A.6) ................................................................................................................................. 17 4.6 Hygiene hazards (see A.7) ......................................................................................................................... 17 4.6.1 Requirements and methods ..................................................................................................................... 17 5 User information .......................................................................................................................................... 18 5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18 5.2 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 18 5.3 Purchase information ................................................................................................................................. 19 5.4 Instruction for use ....................................................................................................................................... 19 5.5 Plastic packaging .......................................................................................................................................... 20 Annex A (informative)

Rationale ......................................................................................................................... 21 A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 21 A.2 Design hazards .............................................................................................................................................. 21 A.3 Mechanical and physical hazards ........................................................................................................... 24 A.3.1 Hazards of entrapment of fingers and toes, ischemia ..................................................................... 24 SIST EN 16781:2018

EN 16781:2018 (E) 3 A.3.2 Hazards of strangulation ............................................................................................................................ 24 A.3.3 Hazards of internal asphyxiation (choking) by aspiration or ingestion of small parts ...... 24 A.3.4 Hazards of external asphyxiation (suffocation) ................................................................................ 25 A.3.5 Hazards of cutting, puncture, abrasion ................................................................................................ 25 A.4 Chemical hazards .......................................................................................................................................... 26 A.4.1 Hazards related to harmful substances ................................................................................................ 26 A.4.2 Hazards related to migration of certain substances ........................................................................ 26 A.4.3 Hazards related to formaldehyde ........................................................................................................... 26 A.5 Thermal hazards (hyperthermia and hypothermia) ....................................................................... 27 A.6 Fire hazards .................................................................................................................................................... 27 A.7 Hygiene hazards ............................................................................................................................................ 27 A.7.1 Washable (see 4.6.1.1) ................................................................................................................................ 27 A.7.2 Clean and free from infestation and foreign materials (see 4.6.1.2) ......................................... 28 A.7.3 Feather filled products (see 4.6.1.3) ...................................................................................................... 28 A.7.4 Used recycled fibres (see 4.6.1.4) ........................................................................................................... 28 Annex B (informative)

Supplementary information on thermal hazards ............................................. 29 B.1 Background information............................................................................................................................ 29 B.2 Thermal resistance measurement ......................................................................................................... 29 B.3 Rationale for guidance to the purchaser and/or user ..................................................................... 30 B.4 Relationship between thermal resistance and thickness or mass per unit area (surface density) ........................................................................................................................................... 32 Annex C (informative)

Specific marking, purchase information and user instruction .................... 33 Annex D (informative)

Topics for further investigations ........................................................................... 34 D.1 Dimensions of arm openings, width, length ........................................................................................ 34 D.2 Thermal comfort ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 35

SIST EN 16781:2018

EN 16781:2018 (E) 4 European foreword This document (EN 16781:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 248 “Textiles and textile products”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by February 2019. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. Following the publication and implementation of this document in CEN member countries, it has been agreed by CEN TC 248 that there should be an 18 month transition period from the date of availability to allow manufacturers to develop and produce garments that conform to the standard. This period is also to allow the supply chain, from manufacturer through to the consumer, to be cleared of non-conforming children's sleep bags for use in a cot. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 16781:2018

EN 16781:2018 (E) 5 Introduction The European Commission Mandate N° M/497, followed by Product and Service safety in the Directorate-General Health and Consumers, under the title “Standardisation mandate to CEN, CENELEC and ETSI on the safety of child-care articles; Cluster 2- risks in the sleeping environment; Mattresses for cots, cot bumpers, suspended beds for children, duvets for children, sleep bags for children”, issued on 2011-10-20 and accepted by CEN BT on 2011-12-20, requested that CEN develop standards or specifications including safety requirements and test methods, warnings and instructions to adult users in order to address the possible hazard posed by these products. The aim of this European Standard is to minimize the main risks posed by products in the sleep environment of babies and young children, such as: — internal asphyxiation (choking); — entrapment; — hyperthermia (overheating); — strangulation; — external asphyxiation (suffocation); — flammability; — injuries due to falls; — injuries due to ingestion of small parts; — injuries due to chemicals. For the development of this document, attention was paid to: — the child’s stages of development (age, height, weight, ability, etc.). Sleep bags were studied in relation to children up to 3 years of age. — the intended or foreseeable use of the product, bearing in mind a child’s behaviour. Such behaviour exposes children to injury in ways that differ from those of adults, making children a particularly vulnerable group in society; — the hazard presented by the product in the circumstances under which the product and the child come into contact with each other. IMPORTANT — In order to comply with the essential safety requirements, this document is hazard based. As this document only deals with a particular textile child-care article, i.e. children's sleep bags, design characteristics have been specified only when necessary in order to introduce inherently safe design. These characteristics have been specified in a manner which allows compliance to be checked by interested parties, from designers to market surveillance authority officers. SIST EN 16781:2018

EN 16781:2018 (E) 6 1 Scope This document specifies requirements for the safety of children's sleep bags which are used in the children's sleeping environment (i.e. not under supervision), and designed to provide sufficient warmth so as to remove the need for additional bedding when sleeping in a cot or similar product (e.g. crib/cradle) in which a child is contained. It is applicable to products for use by younger children based on the ability of the children to not being able to climb out of the cot (approximately under the age of 24 months). NOTE The informative Annex D lists topics of further investigations, which might lead to necessary improvement of the safety requirements of children's sleep bags. This document does not apply to products designed for use during the care of premature children or children of low birthweight or for outdoor use or to products designed to keep a child warm in a pushchair or car seats (e.g. foot muff). If a part of the children's sleep bag is designed to offer additional function (e.g. play function), this part will, in addition to the following requirements, be subjected to safety requirements related to relevant standards (see A.1). 2 Normative references The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 71-1:2014, Safety of toys - Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties EN 71-3:2013,1 Safety of toys - Part 3: Migration of certain elements EN 1103, Textiles - Fabrics for apparel - Detailed procedure to determine the burning behaviour EN 1162, Feather and down - Test methods - Determination of the oxygen index number EN 1164, Feather and down - Test methods - Determination of the turbidity of an aqueous extract EN 12935, Feather and down - Hygiene and cleanliness requirements EN 16732, Slide fasteners (zips) - Specification EN ISO 105-E01, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part E01: Colour fastness to water (ISO 105-E01) EN ISO 139, Textiles - Standard atmospheres for conditioning and testing (ISO 139) EN ISO 6330, Textiles - Domestic washing and drying procedures for textile testing (ISO 6330) EN ISO 11092, Textiles - Physiological effects - Measurement of thermal and water-vapour resistance under steady-state conditions (sweating guarded-hotplate test) (ISO 11092) EN ISO 14184-1, Textiles - Determination of formaldehyde - Part 1: Free and hydrolysed formaldehyde (water extraction method) (ISO 14184-1)

1 Impacted by EN 71-3:2013+A2:2017 SIST EN 16781:2018

EN 16781:2018 (E) 7 EN ISO 17226-1, Leather - Chemical determination of formaldehyde content - Part 1: Method using high performance liquid chromatography (ISO 17226-1) ISO 105-F10, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part F10: Specification for adjacent fabric: Multifibre ISO 4915, Textiles — Stitch types — Classification and terminology ISO 5085-1, Textiles — Determination of thermal resistance — Part 1: Low thermal resistance ISO 7000, Graphical symbols for use on equipment — Registered symbols 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/

ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp 3.1 sleep bag bedding item consisting of a full length fabric bag, which may be single or multi-layered or filled, with a neck opening and armholes, designed to contain a child and may be used in conjunction with a sleepwear 3.2 cot bed for a child consisting of a base and enclosed by high sides to prevent the child from falling out 3.3 harm injury or damage to the health of people [SOURCE: ISO/IEC Guide 51:2014, 3.1, modified - “or damage to property or the environment” has been deleted.] 3.4 hazard potential source of harm (3.3) [SOURCE: ISO/IEC Guide 51:2014, 3.2] 3.5 risk combination of the probability of occurrence of harm (3.3) and the severity of that harm [SOURCE: ISO/IEC Guide 51:2014, 3.9, modified — Note 1 to entry has been deleted.] 3.6 inherently safe design measures taken to eliminate hazards (3.4) and/or to reduce risks (3.5) by changing the design or operating characteristics of the product or system SIST EN 16781:2018

EN 16781:2018 (E) 8 [SOURCE: ISO/IEC Guide 51:2014, 3.5] 3.7 cord cord, chain, ribbon, string or tape of any textile or non-textile material, including elastic material 3.8 asphyxiation insufficient supply of air to the airways Note 1 to entry: Insufficient supply of air could be caused, e.g. by closing off the flow of air as a result of choking or suffocation or by entrapment in an unventilated, confined space. [SOURCE: EN 71-1:2014, 3.3] 3.9 choking closing off the flow of air as a result of internal asphyxiation (3.8) Note 1 to entry: Choking can, for example, be caused by inhalation of an object, by an object becoming wedged in the mouth or pharynx, or by an object becoming lodged over the entrance to the lower airways. [SOURCE: EN 71-1:2014, 3.9] 3.10 suffocation closing off the flow of air as a result of airway obstruction external to the mouth and nose [SOURCE: EN 71-1:2014, 3.59] 3.11 monofilament thread single thread of man-made fibre 3.12 burr roughness, caused by not cleanly severing or finishing the material [SOURCE: EN 71-1:2014, 3.6] 3.13 surface flash rapid spread of flame over the surface of a material without ignition of its basic structure [SOURCE: ISO 4880:1997 and its note to entry: Note 1 to entry: “However, if the latter occurs simultaneously or sequentially with surface flash, it is not considered as a part of surface flash.”] 3.14 three dimensional embellishment decorative item attached to a cord that is thicker and/or wider than the cord itself [SOURCE: EN 14682:2014, 2.21] SIST EN 16781:2018

EN 16781:2018 (E) 9 4 Requirements and test methods NOTE Rationales for the inclusion of some of the requirements given in this document are given in Annex A. Table A.1 summarizes the relation between the design characteristics (4.1) and the hazards (4.2). 4.1 Design characteristics (see A.2) 4.1.1 General 4.1.1.1 Children's sleep bags shall not have any hood or other head covering (A.5), legs (A.1) or pockets (A.2.2). 4.1.1.2 When the children's sleep bag is fastened as intended, there shall be no openings which allow the child’s legs to penetrate and which would permit the child to walk. 4.1.1.3 Children's sleep bags shall not have any bulky seams or hard objects in the back panel (A.2.2). 4.1.1.4 Only buttons, metal press fasteners or slide fasteners shall be used for fastening the neck opening and the arm opening (see A.2.5). 4.1.1.5 Children's sleep bags shall not be designed, manufactured or supplied with magnetic components (see A.3.3.4.). 4.1.2 Neck openings 4.1.2.1 Requirements Neck opening, in relation to the child height, shall comply with the requirements according to Table 1, when measured in accordance with 4.1.2.2 (see A.2.3). NOTE Complementary approaches based on arm openings and chest width is given in informative Annex D. Table 1 — Sleep bag's neck openings in relation to the child height Child height (cm) Neck opening circumference

Information given for convenience: approximate age, based on child height (months) minimum (cm) maximum (cm) 50 to 65 28 32 0 to 6 65 to 80 30 39 3 to 20 80 to 95 31 41 12 to 24 4.1.2.2 Test method Fold the sleep bag along an axis between the centre-back and centre-front points taking care to align the fastenings (see Figure 1). Apply hooks to both the centre-back and centre-front points. Suspend the sleep bag using one hook so that the axis described is in a vertical orientation. Support the body of the sleep bag so as to avoid twisting or distortion of the neck opening during testing. Apply a mass to the lower hook so that the total mass of hook and mass applies a force (F) of (2,5 ± 0,2) N to the neck opening. SIST EN 16781:2018

EN 16781:2018 (E) 10 Using a ruler graduated in divisions of not greater than 1 mm, measure the length of the neck opening (l) between the centre-back and centre-front points to the nearest 1 mm. The neck opening circumference is equal to twice the length of neck opening measured.

a) example of measurement devices
b) neck opening measurement

(example of sleep bag with press fasteners at shoulder) c) neck opening measurement

(example of sleep bag with seam at shoulder) Key 1 fixed hook 2 centre back 3 centre front l length of the neck opening measurement F force applied Figure 1 — Principle of the neck opening measurement SIST EN 16781:2018

EN 16781:2018 (E) 11 4.1.3 Press fasteners, buttons 4.1.3.1 When buttons or metal press fasteners are used for fastening the neck opening and the arm opening, they shall remain fastened when tested according to 4.1.2.2, but with a mass applying a force (F) of (10 ± 1) N (see A.2.3). 4.1.3.2 Metal press fasteners with plastic top cover, two-part buttons (buttons made of more than one piece), fabric-covered buttons and buttons made of wood or shells shall not be used (see A.2.5, A.3.3.1). 4.1.4 Slide fasteners 4.1.4.1 Requirements 4.1.4.1.1 Slide fasteners shall comply with EN 16732, at least the performance requirements of code B, with the exception of the strength of closed-end for which the minimum shall be 70N, and with the requirements of Table 2, as stated in EN 16732. 4.1.4.1.2 The top stop and the elements (teeth) shall be free from burrs and sharp edges (see A.3.5.1). Where components of a slide fastener could come into contact with the skin, the use of a plastic slide fastener with plastic top stops and bottom stops is recommended, in preference to a slide fastener with claw-type metal stops. NOTE Test methods are referred to in 4.1.4.2. 4.1.4.1.3 Slide fasteners shall have a slider locking device and shall not have a removable slider (see A.3.3.1). 4.1.4.1.4 Slide fasteners shall include a top stop (see A.3.3.1) and either a bottom stop or be secured in a manner so that the slider cannot be removed from the chain. Claw type stops are not recommended. 4.1.4.1.5 When slide fasteners are placed at the neck opening or at the arm opening, the top stop shall be placed away from the neck opening or the arm opening (see A.2.3). 4.1.4.1.6 In order to avoid direct skin contact in wear, a fabric guard shall cover the slide fastener in the neck and under arm area. 4.1.4.2 Test method Slide fastener characteristics shall be carried out in accordance with the test methods as described in EN 16732. The absence of a removable slider may be confirmed by manual inspection. The presence of the top stop and the bottom stop may be confirmed by visual inspection. 4.1.5 Touch and close fasteners 4.1.5.1 When positioning touch and close fasteners, the hook component shall face away from the child’s body to reduce the possibility of skin abrasion (see A.3.5.1). 4.1.5.2 Pieces of touch and close fasteners shall be die cut with rounded corners to reduce the risk of scratching (see A.3.5.1). SIST EN 16781:2018

EN 16781:2018 (E) 12 4.1.6 Threads (including sleep bag seams) 4.1.6.1 Single thread chain stitches, as described in ISO 4915, are not permitted (see A.3.1.2). 4.1.6.2 Seams shall have a seam allowance (distance between the fabric edge and sewing line) of no less than 5 mm (see A.3.1.2). 4.1.6.3 Seams shall be sewn so as to meet one of the following conditions (see A.3.3.2): a) a minimum of 10 stitches per 3 cm; b) if fewer than 10 stitches per 3 cm are used then the seam shall be tested as follows: Use clamps with jaws to which discs with a diameter of 19 mm are affixed. Attach the clamps not less than 30 mm apart and equidistant to the seam. Gradually apply a force of (70 ± 2) N between the two clamps over a period of approximately 5 s. Maintain the force for 10 s. Apply the test to this seam only once. Determine whether the front part of the 12 mm probe (see Figure 2) can be inserted through any one opening in the seam, using a maximum force of 10 N. NOTE Decorative stitches and quilting stitches are excluded from this requirement.

Figure 2 — Test Probe for seams 4.1.6.4 For accessible faces of the article, the maximum length of uncut float threads or uncut stitches shall be 10mm, and the maximum length for cut threads or cut stitches shall be 20 mm (see A.3.1.2). 4.1.6.5 Monofilament thread shall not be used (see A.3.1.2, A.3.5.1). 4.1.6.6 Buttons shall not be attached by chain stitch (see A.2.5, A.3.1.2). 4.1.7 Labels 4.1.7.1 Labels in the form of a loop (loop label) or in a way they may create a loop when the sleep bag is used shall not be attached on the sleep bag except in the upper inside back (see A.3.1.1, A.3.1.2). 4.1.7.2 Heat-sealed or laser cut materials shall not have sharp edges (see A.3.5.1). NOTE The test method is referred to in 4.2.4.2. 4.1.7.3 The ends of labels or the edge of raw edge fabric shall be secured to prevent unravelling (see A.3.1.2). The security of th

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