Guidelines for environmental auditing - General principles (ISO 14010:1996)

To be replaced by EN ISO 19011 (CSF20041) (NT/2001-09-14).

Leitfäden für Umweltaudits - Allgemeine Grundsätze (ISO 14010:1996)

Diese Internationale Norm enthält die allgemeinen Grundsätze für die Durchführung von Umweltaudits, die für alle Arten von Umweltaudits anwendbar sind. Jede im Sinne dieser Internationalen Norm als Umweltaudit bezeichnete Aktivität sollte den Empfehlungen dieser Internationalen Norm genügen.

Lignes directrices pour l'audit environnemental - Principes généraux (ISO 14010:1996)

l'IEC 62892:2019 définit une séquence d'essais qui étend l'essai de cycle thermique de l'IEC 61215-2. Il est destiné à différencier les modules photovoltaïques avec une meilleure durabilité par rapport au cycle thermique et à évaluer les modules pour un déploiement dans les lieux plus exposés aux contraintes de cycle thermique. Le présent document repose sur l'aptitude pour 95 % des modules représentés par les échantillons soumis à cet essai à supporter avec succès l'équivalent de 500 cycles thermiques, conformément à la procédure définie dans l'IEC 61215-2:2016, 4.11.3, avec une dégradation maximale de puissance inférieure à 5 %. Des dispositions sont également fournies pour réduire la durée totale des essais en augmentant la température maximale du cycle et/ou le nombre de modules soumis à l'essai.
La procédure d'essai décrite dans le présent document a été élaborée sur la base d'une analyse des contraintes exercées sur des assemblages soudés en alliage plomb-étain sur des cellules solaires en silicium cristallin au sein d'un ensemble de type superstrat de verre. Des modifications apportées à une soudure sans plomb ont un effet sur les facteurs d'accélération, mais pas de manière suffisante pour modifier les résultats globaux de cet essai. Les modules de type monolithique avec interconnexion intégrale des cellules ne souffrent pas de ce type de contrainte spécifique, mais il persiste des connexions électriques à l'intérieur du module, par exemple entre le circuit intégré de la cellule et les barres omnibus du module, qui peut subir une usure due aux cycles thermiques. Les modules souples (sans verre) ne subissent pas les mêmes contraintes que ceux qui comportent des superstrats ou des substrats de verre. Par conséquent, l'utilisation du facteur d'équivalence employé dans le présent document peut ne pas convenir à ces modules.

Smernice za okoljsko presojanje - Splošna načela (ISO 14010:1996)

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
30-Sep-1996
Withdrawal Date
30-Sep-2002
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Due Date
01-Oct-2002
Completion Date
01-Oct-2002

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 14010:1997
01-maj-1997
6PHUQLFH]DRNROMVNRSUHVRMDQMH6SORãQDQDþHOD ,62
Guidelines for environmental auditing - General principles (ISO 14010:1996)
Leitfäden für Umweltaudits - Allgemeine Grundsätze (ISO 14010:1996)

Lignes directrices pour l'audit environnemental - Principes généraux (ISO 14010:1996)

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 14010:1996
ICS:
13.020.10 Ravnanje z okoljem Environmental management
SIST EN ISO 14010:1997 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 14010:1997
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SIST EN ISO 14010:1997
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SIST EN ISO 14010:1997
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SIST EN ISO 14010:1997
INTERNATIONAL IS0
STANDARD 14010
First edition
1996-l O-01
Guidelines for environmental auditing -
General principles
Lignes directrices pour /‘audit environnemental - Principes g&Graux
Reference number
IS0 14010:1996(E)
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SIST EN ISO 14010:1997
IS0 14010:1996(E)
Contents

.........................................................................................

1 Scope

2 Definitions ...................................................................................

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..*..............
3 Requirements for an environmental audit
.......................................................................
4 General principles
........................................................
41 . Objectives and scope
.....................
4.2 Objectivity, independence and competence
.......................................................
4.3 Due professional care
......................................................
4.4 Systematic procedures
..................................
4.5 Audit criteria, evidence and findings
Reliability of audit findings and conclusions.. ....................
4.6

4.7 Audit report ........................................................................

Annex

A Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

0 IS0 1996

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced

or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and

microfilm, without permission in writing from the publisher.
International Organization for Standardization
Case Postale 56 l CH-1211 Geneve 20 l Switzerland
Printed in Switzerland
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SIST EN ISO 14010:1997
@ IS0 IS0 14010:1996(E)
Foreword
IS0 (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide fed-
eration of national standards bodies (IS0 member bodies). The work of
preparing International Standards is normally carried out through IS0
technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which
a technical committee has been established has the right to be represented
on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-
governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. IS0 collabo-
rates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on
all matters of electrotechnical standardization.
Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are cir-
culated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an International
Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting
a vote.
International Standard IS0 14010 was prepared by Technical Committee
lSO/TC 207, Environmental management, Subcommittee SC 2, E’nviron-
mental auditing and related environmental investigations.
Annex A of this International Standard is for information only.
. . .
III
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SIST EN ISO 14010:1997
@ IS0
IS0 14010:1996(E)
Introduction
Environmental auditing has established itself as a valuable instrument to
verify and help improve environmental performance.
This International Standard is intended to guide organizations, auditors and
their clients on the general principles common to the conduct of environ-
mental audits. It provides definitions of environmental audit and related
terms, and the general principles of environmental auditing.
This is one in a series of International Standards in the field of environ-
mental auditing which also includes
IS0 14011 :I 996, Guidelines for environment auditing - Audit proce-
dures - Auditing of environmental management systems.
IS0 14012:1996, Guidelines for environmental auditing - Qualification
criteria for environmental auditors.
More International Standards in this series may be prepared in the future.
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SIST EN ISO 14010:1997
IS0 14010:1996(E)
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD @ IS0
Guidelines for environmental auditing - General principles
2 Audit evidence is typically based on interviews, exam-
1 Scope
ination of documents, observation of activities and con-
ditions, existing results of measurements and tests or other
This International Standard provides the general prin-
means within the scope of the audit.
ciples of environmental auditing that are applicable to
all types of environmental audits. Any activity defined
as an environmental audit in accordance with this In-
ahdit findings
ternational Standard should satisfy the recommenda-
results of the evaluation of the collected audit evi-
tions given in it.
dence compared with the agreed audit criteria
NOTE - The audit findings provide the basis for the audit
report.
2 Definitions
For the purposes of this International Standard, the
ahdit team
following definitions apply.
group of auditors, or a single auditor, designated to
perform a given audit; the audit team may also include
NOTE - Terms and definitions in the field of environmental
technical experts and auditors-in-training
management are given in IS0 14050.
NOTE - One of the auditors on the audit team performs
21 the function of lead auditor.
ahdit conclusion
professional judgement or opinion expressed by an
auditor about the subject matter of the audit, based on
ahditee
and limited to reasoning the auditor has applied to
organization to be audited
audit findings
ehironmental auditor
ahdit criteria person qualified to perform environmental audits
procedures or requirements
policies, practices,
NOTE - Qualification criteria for environmental auditors
against which the auditor compares collected audit
are given, for example, in IS0 14012.
evidence about the subject matter
NOTE - Requirements may include but are not limited to 28
specified organizational require-
standards, guidelines, ciient
ments, and legislative or regulatory requirements.
organization commissioning the audit
NOTE - The client may be the auditee, or any other or-
ganization which has the regulatory or contractual right to
aidit evidence
commission an audit.
verifiable information, records or statements of fact
NOTES 29
ekironmental audit
1 Audit evidence, which can be qualitative or quantitative,
systematic, documented verification process of objec-
is used by the auditor to determine whether audit criteria
tively obtaining and evaluating audit evidence to de-
are met.
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SIST EN ISO 14010:1997
0 IS0
IS0 14010:1996(E)
tor, in consultation with the client, to meet these objec-
termine whether specified environmental activities,
tives. The scope describe
...

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