This document describes how to organize smart transportation to save energy consumed in operation, by modifying speed profiles of trains, buses, trucks and ferries, which is also able to offer passenger-friendly driving of transportation vehicles.

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This document specifies a procedure to introduce smart transportation into cities by means of fuel cell light rail transit (FC-LRT). This service contributes to a cleaner atmosphere, with zero emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and small particles, an urban view free of catenaries and easy installation of LRT transportation operations, providing safe and comfortable rides for citizens.

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This document describes the interactions of smart community infrastructures (interactions between multiple infrastructures, between infrastructures and stakeholders, and between infrastructures and the external environment). It describes the framework (a set of processes and methodologies) for these interactions to ensure the consistency of smart community infrastructures is well identified and managed. There are two potential use cases for this document. The first is for the green field site, where all the smart community infrastructures can be designed and developed at the same time. This is of value to planners and investors of major new infrastructure developments. The second is for the brown field site and builds on the first and will support efficient management of an existing urban area by taking into account the increasing interdependencies of the infrastructures on each other and the way they should be managed as a system of systems. This document will also take into account accelerating technological and environmental changes. Since this framework aims to ensure the consistency among different systems consisting of smart community infrastructures, the scope of this document does not overlap with any existing works that are developed or being developed at the existing TCs addressing issues at individual infrastructure level. NOTEÂ Â Â Â Â This document describes a management case (not a management system), i.e. specific processes that an organization needs to follow in order to meet specific objectives of this document.

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This document specifies a generic business process framework for a smart city focusing solely on smart city-specific processes. Generic business processes common between smart cities and commercial organizations are be identified but not detailed.

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This document specifies a general framework, including principles, requirements and guidance for assessing, measuring, monitoring and reporting on investments and financing activities in relation to climate change and the transition into a low-carbon economy. The assessment includes the following items: —   the alignment (or lack thereof) of investment and financing decisions taken by the financier with low-carbon transition pathways, adaptation pathways, and climate goals; —   the impact of actions through the financier’s investment and lending decisions towards the achievement of climate goals in the real economy, i.e. mitigation (greenhouse gas emissions) and adaptation (resilience); —   the risks to owners of financial assets (e.g. private equities, listed stocks, bonds, loans) arising from climate change. To support the financier’s assessment of the impact of investment and lending decisions, this document provides guidance for the financier on how to: —   set targets and determine metrics to be used for tracking progress related to the low-carbon transition pathways of investees; —   determine low-carbon transition and adaptation trajectories of investees; —   document the causality or linkage between its climate action and its outputs, outcomes and impacts. This document is applicable to financiers, i.e. investors and lenders. It guides their reporting activities to the following third parties: shareholders, clients, policymakers, financial supervisory authorities and non-governmental organizations.

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This document gives practical guidelines for the phased implementation of material flow cost accounting (MFCA) that organizations, including small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), can adopt to enhance their environmental performance and material efficiency. The phased approach provides flexibility that allows organizations to develop their MFCA activities at their own pace, according to their own circumstances. The resulting information can act as a motivator for organizations to seek opportunities to simultaneously generate financial and environmental benefits by reducing material losses and energy consumption. This document is applicable to any organization, regardless of its level of development, the nature of its activities, or the location at which these activities occur. This document provides basic calculation procedures to analyse saving potentials by avoiding material losses. Detailed calculation procedures or information on techniques for improving material or energy efficiency are out of the scope of this document.

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Standardisation Request M/543 requires the following: "Definition of parameters and methods relevant for assessing durability, upgradability and ability to repair, re-use and re-manufacture of products". Hence, this Technical Report "Definitions related to material efficiency" will constitute a collection of common terms used in deliverables prepared in accordance with M/543. The purpose of such a collection is to provide a single definition of key terms used in different deliverables from the CEN-CENELEC TC10.
The source of the terms and definitions can be documents developed in the various working groups of the CEN-CENELEC TC10 or any text referenced by such documents.
In case of discrepancies between multiple definitions for the same term, this Technical report will recommend a preferred definition.

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This document specifies a generic knowledge management framework for a smart city, focusing on creating, capturing, sharing, using and managing smart city knowledge. It also gives the key practices which are required to be implemented to safeguard the use of knowledge, such as interoperability of heterogeneous data and governance of multi-sources services within a smart city.

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This document provides guidance on how to organize and implement smart transportation by digitally processed payment (d-payment) in order to provide a safe, convenient payment method for citizens and city visitors in transportation and its related or additional services. This will additionally benefit operators managing fee receipt in transportation services and money transfer or transactions between these business operators and banks or settlement organizations. Smart transportation by d-payment is not intended to eliminate cash payment from transportation services but is helpful in organizing inter-operator, city, regional and national common ticket networks and providing trading services independent of local currencies.

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This document specifies procedures for installing and organizing smart transportation for parking lot allocation for drivers in cities. It is intended to apply to cities, especially those having a shortage or low availability of parking lots. This smart transportation aims to provide a solution to the city issue of drivers having difficulty in quickly finding parking lots with available spaces. It also aims to address other city issues such as traffic accidents, congestion and energy consumption. This document clarifies the concept and goals of smart transportation by referring to the technical aspects suggested by ITU-T Y.4456[6].

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This document specifies a methodological framework for the monetary valuation of environmental impacts and related environmental aspects. Environmental impacts include impacts on human health, and on the built and natural environment. Environmental aspects include releases and the use of natural resources.
The monetary valuation methods in this document can also be used to better understand organizations' dependencies on the environment.
During the planning of the monetary valuation, the intended use of the results is considered but the use itself is outside the scope of this document.
In this document, monetary valuation is a way of expressing value in a common unit, for use in comparisons and trade-offs between different environmental issues and between environmental and other issues. The monetary value to be determined includes some or all values reflected in the concept of total economic value. An anthropocentric perspective is taken, which asserts that natural environment has value in so far as it gives utility (well-being) to humans. The monetary values referred to in this document are economic values applied in trade-offs between alternative resource allocations, and not absolute values.
This document does not include costing or accounting, although some valuation methods have the term "cost" in their name. This document does not include the development of models linking environmental aspects to environmental impacts.
NOTE In this document, what is valued in monetary terms is either environmental impacts or environmental aspects. When valuing environmental impacts of an organization, it is important that links between environmental aspects and environmental impacts are established.

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This document gives guidelines for organizations on determining the environmental costs and benefits associated with their environmental aspects. It addresses the dependencies of an organization on the environment, for example, natural resources, and the context in which the organization operates or is located. Environmental costs and benefits can be expressed quantitatively, in both non-monetary and monetary terms, or qualitatively.
This document also provides guidance for organizations when disclosing related information.
This document takes an anthropocentric perspective, i.e. looking at changes that affect human wellbeing (utility) including their concern for, and dependence on, nature and ecosystem services. This includes use and non-use values as reflected in the concept of total economic value when environmental costs and benefits are determined in monetary terms.
The ways in which the environmental costs and benefits are used after they have been determined are outside the scope of this document.
This document is applicable to any organization regardless of size, type and nature.

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This document provides information on the results of pilot city testing of several ISO smart community infrastructures standards.

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This document describes a framework, structured in layers of ICT technologies, essential for smart cities' operation. This framework also provides the mapping of the ICT techniques to various system entities in order to support the smart city's business, knowledge management, and operational systems from the engineering perspective.

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This European Standard (EN) provides a general methodology for assessing the proportion of recycled material in energy related products.

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This European Standard provides product category rules (PCR) for Type III environmental declarations for windows and pedestrian doorsets as defined in EN 14351 1, prEN 14351 2. Windows and pedestrian doorsets with fire resistance and/or smoke control characteristics according to EN 16034 are also covered by this standard.
NOTE   Windows that incorporate shutters and/or shutter boxes and/or blinds are in scope of this PCR. For any connected electrical devices (e.g. motors, sensors) - see 6.3.4.2
This European Standard complements the core rules for the product category of construction products as defined in the European Standard EN 15804. The standard is to be used in conjunction with EN 15804, not replace it.
NOTE   The assessment of social and economic performances at product level is not covered by this standard.
The core PCR:
-   defines the parameters to be declared and the way in which they are collated and reported,
-   describes which stages of a product’s life cycle are considered in the EPD and which processes are to be included in the life cycle stages,
-   defines rules for the development of scenarios,
-   includes the rules for calculating the Life Cycle Inventory and the Life Cycle Impact Assessment underlying the EPD, including the specification of the data quality to be applied,
-   includes the rules for reporting the predetermined, environmental and health information that is not covered by Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) for the product, construction process(es) and construction service(s), as relevant,
-   defines the conditions under which construction products can be compared based on the information provided by EPD.
For the EPD of construction services the same rules and requirements apply as for the EPD of construction products.

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The standard will cover a set of parameters for assessing durability of energy-related products (ErP) and a general method to describe and assess the durability of ErP, i.e. both electrotechnical and non-electro technical products, respectively it shall be applicable to all energy-related products, that is, all products covered by the Ecodesign Directive 2009/125/EC.

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This document specifies methods for measuring the quality of thermal power infrastructure (QTPI) during the operational phase and requirements for operations and management activities. It is intended for use by electric power providers, including public utilities and independent power producers (hereinafter collectively referred to as power plant operators), as well as relevant stakeholders that intend to maintain and improve QTPI. NOTE The selection and importance of evaluation indicators resulting from the implementation of this document can vary depending on the characteristics of the power plant operator.

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The standard will cover a set of parameters for assessing durability of energy-related products (ErP) and a general method to describe and assess the durability of ErP, i.e. both electrotechnical and non-electro technical products, respectively it shall be applicable to all energy-related products, that is, all products covered by the Ecodesign Directive 2009/125/EC.

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This document describes a framework and principles that are coherent with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including the New Urban Agenda, Paris Agreement and Sendai Framework, that can be applied to enhance urban resilience. This document proposes the use of metrics and models as the framework upon which to structure urban resilience to assist local authorities and other urban stakeholder's efforts to build more resilient human settlements. This document is primarily intended for use by organizations with responsibility for urban governance. However, it is equally applicable to all types and sizes of organizations that represent the community of stakeholders noted above, and in particular those organizations that have a role in urban planning, development and management processes in urban areas around the world.

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This document provides guidance on reducing the energy consumed by transportation for passengers, delivery items, freight and postal item services in cities and city zones. This document does not designate specific procedures to save energy but suggests energy-saving options to be adopted in transportation systems normally organized in different locations, on different scales and for different purposes. NOTE Some typical energy-saving options are listed in 6.2.2.

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This document specifies a procedure to arrange smart transportation for newly developing areas, including transportation services between the area and existing city centres. This document does not designate procedures for constructing smart transportation facilities.

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This document gives guidelines on principles and the framework to use for data exchange and sharing for entities with the authority to develop and operate community infrastructure. The guidelines in this document are applicable to communities of any size that are engaged in data exchange and sharing. The specific practices of data exchange and sharing of community infrastructures will depend on the characteristics of each community. NOTE 1 The concept of smartness is addressed in terms of data exchange and sharing, in accordance with sustainable development and resilience of communities as defined in ISO 37100. NOTE 2 Annex A outlines useful case studies of data exchange and sharing for community infrastructure.

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This document establishes general principles and gives guidelines for an indicator upper level ontology (IULO) for smart cities that enables the representation of indicator definitions and the data used to derive them. It includes: — concepts (e.g., indicator, population, cardinality); and — properties that relate concepts (e.g., cardinality_of, parameter_of_var).

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This European Standard covers all life cycle stages, from cradle to grave, namely product stage, construction process stage, use stage and end-of-life stage of glass products (see point 4), used in buildings.
While covering all life cycle stages, this PCR primarily focuses on the product stage, in particular the manufacturing of flat glass and the consequent processing into flat glass products (as listed in point 4.), from cradle to gate. It covers raw materials and energy supply, transport, flat glass manufacturing, flat glass processing, packaging and storage.  
All requirements and recommendations in this PCR for the elaboration of the Life Cycle Inventory may be applicable to flat glass used in other applications, such as flat glass used in automotive.
This PCR includes the rules to produce EPD that contains more than one thickness or configuration of the same product.
This European Standard does not apply to glass blocks, glass paver units (EN 1051-1) and channel-shaped glass (EN 572-7, EN 15683-1).

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This European standard (EN) provides a general methodology for:
- Assessing the recyclability of energy related products
- Assessing the recoverability of energy related products
- Assessing the ability to access or remove certain components or assemblies from energy related products to facilitate their potential for recycling or other recovery operations.
- Assessing the recyclability of critical raw materials from energy related products.
This EN will elaborate on recyclability and recoverability in a horizontal, cross-product way. However, a correct assessment can only be done in a product-specific way, taking into account specific parameters of a specific product group. This standard will define a series of parameters which may be considered to calculate product specific recycling and recoverability rates.

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This document describes a framework (a set of processes and methodologies) for smart community infrastructure interactions (interactions between multiple infrastructures, between infrastructures and stakeholders, and between infrastructures and the external environment) to ensure that such interactions are well identified and managed. There are two potential use cases for this document. The first is for green field sites, where all the smart community infrastructures can be designed and developed at the same time. This is of value to planners and investors of major new infrastructure developments. The second builds on the first and will support efficient management of an existing urban area by taking into account the increasing interdependencies of the infrastructures on each other and the way they should be managed as a system of systems. This document will also take into account accelerating technological and environmental changes. Since this framework is concerned with ensuring the consistency of different systems consisting of smart community infrastructures, the scope does not overlap with any existing work or deliverables that have been or are being developed by existing TCs addressing issues at individual infrastructure level. NOTE This document describes a management case (not a management system), i.e. specific processes that an organization needs to follow in order to meet specific objectives of this document.

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This document provides guidance on using ISO 26000:2010 in the food chain by focusing on the major aspects from its seven core subjects, namely organizational governance, human rights, labour practices, environment, fair operating practices, consumer issues and community involvement and development The main objective is to help organizations in the food chain, regardless of their size or location, to draw up a list of recommendations and move towards a more socially responsible behaviour.

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This document defines and establishes definitions and methodologies for a set of indicators on resilience in cities. This document is applicable to any city, municipality or local government that undertakes to measure its performance in a comparable and verifiable manner, irrespective of size or location. Maintaining, enhancing and accelerating progress towards improved city services and quality of life is fundamental to the definition of a resilient city, so this document is intended to be implemented in conjunction with ISO 37120. This document follows the principles set out in ISO 37101, and can be used in conjunction with this and other strategic frameworks.

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This document provides a top-level maturity model for smart sustainable communities (MMSSC), which can be used for self-assessment by individual cities and communities and as the basis for cross-city benchmarking. The MMSSC is a simple way for community leaders to assess how mature their community is in its journey towards adoption of good practices as set out in ISO standards for sustainable and smart-enabled development; to identify strengths and weaknesses; and then to quickly find their way to the international standards and guidance that are most relevant to their needs.

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This European standard (EN) provides a general methodology for:
- Assessing the recyclability of energy related products
- Assessing the recoverability of energy related products
- Assessing the ability to access or remove certain components or assemblies from energy related products to facilitate their potential for recycling or other recovery operations.
- Assessing the recyclability of critical raw materials from energy related products.
This EN will elaborate on recyclability and recoverability in a horizontal, cross-product way. However, a correct assessment can only be done in a product-specific way, taking into account specific parameters of a specific product group. This standard will define a series of parameters which may be considered to calculate product specific recycling and recoverability rates.

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This document specifies a descriptive framework for a city including an associated foundational ontology of the anatomical structure of a city or community. The descriptive framework is intended to have the following qualities: — timeless, i.e. compatible with any human settlement at any time in history; — acultural, i.e. valid for any culture and any type of city; — scalable, i.e. valid for a metropolis, a city, a small town or a village; — generic, so that everything we could define as a "human settlement", such as a "smart city", has a place in this structure.

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This European standard provides core product category rules (PCR) for Type III environmental declarations for any construction product and construction service.
NOTE   The assessment of social and economic performances at product level is not covered by this standard.
The core PCR:
-   defines the parameters to be declared and the way in which they are collated and reported,
-   describes which stages of a product’s life cycle are considered in the EPD and which processes are to be included in the life cycle stages,
-   defines rules for the development of scenarios,
-   includes the rules for calculating the Life Cycle Inventory and the Life Cycle Impact Assessment underlying the EPD, including the specification of the data quality to be applied,
-   includes the rules for reporting predetermined, environmental and health information, that is not covered by LCA for a product, construction process and construction service where necessary,
-   defines the conditions under which construction products can be compared based on the information provided by EPD.
For the EPD of construction services the same rules and requirements apply as for the EPD of construction products.

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This document gives guidelines for organizations on determining the environmental costs and benefits associated with their environmental aspects. It addresses the dependencies of an organization on the environment, for example, natural resources, and the context in which the organization operates or is located. Environmental costs and benefits can be expressed quantitatively, in both non-monetary and monetary terms, or qualitatively. This document also provides guidance for organizations when disclosing related information. This document takes an anthropocentric perspective, i.e. looking at changes that affect human wellbeing (utility) including their concern for, and dependence on, nature and ecosystem services. This includes use and non-use values as reflected in the concept of total economic value when environmental costs and benefits are determined in monetary terms. The ways in which the environmental costs and benefits are used after they have been determined are outside the scope of this document. This document is applicable to any organization regardless of size, type and nature.

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This document specifies requirements for service providers with regard to responsible practices for the provision of their services.
This document applies to recreational diving related activities, e.g:
•   scuba diving;
•   snorkelling;
•   free diving (breath hold diving).
Further, this document provides guidance to all stakeholders involved in recreational diving related activities on best practice to minimise negative impact on the aquatic environment and to optimise positive outcomes.
This document will also provide consumers with a method of identifying and comparing service providers who follow environmental best practice.

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This document is a compilation of recommended practices for improving the environmental sustainability of both new and existing data centres. Environmental impacts consider not just those associated with electricity but also water usage and other pollutants.
It is recognized that the practices included are not universally applicable to all scales and business models of data centres or be undertaken by all parties involved in data centre operation, ownership or use.

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This document defines a comprehensive set of evaluation indicators specially related to information and communication technologies (ICT) adoption and usage in smart cities. Firstly, it establishes an overall framework for all the indicators. Then, it specifies the name, description, classification and measurement method for each indicator.

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This document specifies requirements for service providers with regard to responsible practices for the provision of their services.
This document applies, but is not limited, to recreational-diving-related activities, for example:
— scuba diving;
— snorkelling;
— free diving (breath hold diving).
Further, this document provides guidance to all stakeholders involved in recreational-diving-related activities on best practice to minimize negative impact on the aquatic environment and to optimize positive outcomes.
NOTE In this document the term "aquatic" refers to all bodies of water.
This document helps stakeholders to identify and compare service providers who follow environmental best practice.

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This document defines product category rules (PCR) for electronic and electrical products and systems (EEPS).
It specifies the process and requirements on how to conduct life cycle assessment in the context of
environmental declarations.
PCR is complemented by additional product-specific rules (PSR), which further define e.g. functional units and
default scenarios in the product-specific context. Therefore, it also provides guidance on how to develop PSR
in corresponding technical committees.
This document provides common rules for:
a) life cycle assessment (LCA), including the requirements for developing default scenarios;
b) the LCA report;
c) the development of product specific rules.
This document provides further guidelines for environmental declarations.
The basic LCA principles and framework are based on the EN ISO 14040 series of standards (i.e EN ISO 14040
and ISO 14044), and therefore out of scope of the standard.

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This document specifies requirements for service providers with regard to responsible practices for the provision of their services. This document applies, but is not limited, to recreational-diving-related activities, for example: — scuba diving; — snorkelling; — free diving (breath hold diving). Further, this document provides guidance to all stakeholders involved in recreational-diving-related activities on best practice to minimize negative impact on the aquatic environment and to optimize positive outcomes. NOTE In this document the term "aquatic" refers to all bodies of water. This document helps stakeholders to identify and compare service providers who follow environmental best practice.

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This document specifies a procedure for the introduction of smart transportation to city centres by means of battery-powered buses. This service contributes to a clean atmosphere and a relatively quiet environment while offering services that provide safe and comfortable rides for citizens.

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This document deals with the assessment of the proportion of re-used components in energy-related products on a generic level. All energy-related products are in the scope of this standard.

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This document specifies a procedure to organize smart transportation that enables one-day trips by citizens between cities and in a large city zone, including its surrounding areas, and conveys a large number of people at a high frequency in a short time over distances of up to 1 000 km. Smart transportation aims to promote political and economic work and stimulate business activity by providing citizens with a manner of travel to complete a return trip from their home or place of work to destinations outside their cities on the same day. However, this document does not designate a procedure for constructing smart transportation facilities. NOTE "One-day trip" means travel from an origin to a destination and back to the origin on the same day. The purpose of such travel is out of the scope of this document.

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This document specifies and establishes definitions and methodologies for a set of indicators for smart cities. As accelerating improvements in city services and quality of life is fundamental to the definition of a smart city, this document, in conjunction with ISO 37120, is intended to provide a complete set of indicators to measure progress towards a smart city. This is represented in Figure 1.

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This document provides guidance on how to implement and maintain a management system for sustainable development based on ISO 37101 principles, specifically in the context of cities, but applicable to other forms of settlement. This document: — provides guidance for practical implementation of a management system for sustainable development in cities and other settlements, based on ISO 37101; — establishes a methodological framework for the systematic evaluation of the sustainable development schemes and achievements in the city or other settlements, based on the cross-analysis of the six purposes of sustainability and the 12 areas of action of ISO 37101; — illustrates how other International Standards can be used to support successful implementation of ISO 37101, including, in particular, ISO 37120 (which recommends a suite of city indicators mapped against the six purposes of ISO 37101) and ISO 37106 (which provides practical guidance on how to implement joined-up delivery and innovation across organizational boundaries within the city or settlement). This document is intended for organizing bodies, decision-makers, executive officers and managers in cities ? usually, in the first instance, the relevant local governments. This document is intended to help cities become more sustainable, through the implementation at city level of strategies, programmes, projects, plans and services referred to in this document as schemes (see Note 1 and 3.7). It also provides a platform to help demonstrate and communicate their commitment, progress and achievements. NOTE 1 In this document, the term "scheme" is used to cover strategies, programs, projects, plans and services. NOTE 2 The guidance can be used for city-wide strategies, but also, potentially, for some sector-specific schemes at a city level. This document is applicable to a range of types and scales of communities: cities, towns, villages or other kinds of human settlements with defined boundaries. NOTE 3 In this document, the term "city" refers to cities, towns, villages or other kind of human settlements with defined territorial boundaries and administrative authority. The approach is in line with other deliverables developed by ISO/TC 268 and ISO/TC 268/SC 1 that could be identified as the ISO 371XX family. This document can be used in whole or in part to establish or systematically improve a community-based sustainable development management system. It provides additional operational instructions and examples regarding ways of meeting the 37101 requirements.

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This document specifies a methodological framework for the monetary valuation of environmental impacts and related environmental aspects. Environmental impacts include impacts on human health, and on the built and natural environment. Environmental aspects include releases and the use of natural resources. The monetary valuation methods in this document can also be used to better understand organizations' dependencies on the environment. During the planning of the monetary valuation, the intended use of the results is considered but the use itself is outside the scope of this document. In this document, monetary valuation is a way of expressing value in a common unit, for use in comparisons and trade-offs between different environmental issues and between environmental and other issues. The monetary value to be determined includes some or all values reflected in the concept of total economic value. An anthropocentric perspective is taken, which asserts that natural environment has value in so far as it gives utility (well-being) to humans. The monetary values referred to in this document are economic values applied in trade-offs between alternative resource allocations, and not absolute values. This document does not include costing or accounting, although some valuation methods have the term "cost" in their name. This document does not include the development of models linking environmental aspects to environmental impacts. NOTE In this document, what is valued in monetary terms is either environmental impacts or environmental aspects. When valuing environmental impacts of an organization, it is important that links between environmental aspects and environmental impacts are established.

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In accordance with standardisation request M/543 it is necessary to consider the "Documentation and/or marking regarding information relating to material efficiency of the product taking into account the intended audience (consumers, professionals or market surveillance authorities)". This standard facilitates by describing requirement for providing appropriate information.

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Industrial symbiosis is the use by one company or sector of underutilised resources broadly defined (including waste, by-products, residues, energy, water, logistics, capacity, expertise, equipment and materials) from another, with the result of keeping resources in productive use for longer. It presents a systems approach to a more sustainable and integrated industrial economy that identifies business opportunities to improve resource utilisation and productivity. The objectives of this CEN Workshop Agreement (CWA) are to support the mainstream adoption of good practice approaches proven through implementation by advancing the mutual understanding of actors (public, private, third sector, and community) currently using the term industrial symbiosis in different ways. This CWA is intended to help the above actors consider and implement industrial symbiosis.

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Industrial symbiosis is the use by one company or sector of underutilised resources broadly defined (including waste, by-products, residues, energy, water, logistics, capacity, expertise, equipment and materials) from another, with the result of keeping resources in productive use for longer. It presents a systems approach to a more sustainable and integrated industrial economy that identifies business opportunities to improve resource utilisation and productivity. The objectives of this CEN Workshop Agreement (CWA) are to support the mainstream adoption of good practice approaches proven through implementation by advancing the mutual understanding of actors (public, private, third sector, and community) currently using the term industrial symbiosis in different ways. This CWA is intended to help the above actors consider and implement industrial symbiosis.

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This document specifies general safety and performance requirements for design and testing as well as sustainability considerations for non-sewered sanitation systems (NSSS). A NSSS, for the purposes of this document, is a prefabricated integrated treatment unit, comprising frontend (toilet facility) and backend (treatment facility) components that a) collects, conveys, and fully treats the specific input within the system, to allow for safe reuse or disposal of the generated solid, liquid, and gaseous output, and b) is not connected to a networked sewer or networked drainage systems. This document is applicable to sanitation systems that are either manufactured as one package, or manufactured as a set of prefabricated elements designed to be assembled in one location without further fabrication or modification that influences the system function. The plane or surface (e.g. flooring, concrete pad) upon which a fully assembled NSSS is situated is beyond the scope of this document. This document is not applicable to sanitation systems constructed in situ. This document also covers NSSS backend components that are designed to be integrated with one or more specified frontends. Although this document is primarily applicable to the development of sanitation systems that are not connected to water and electricity networks, it can also be applied to systems that can utilize water mains and/or electricity. This document defines the basic treatable input as primarily human excreta and gives options for extending the range of input substances. Requirements for the quality of the outputs from the sanitation system are given for solid and liquid discharges as well as odour, air, and noise emissions. It contains criteria for the safety, functionality, usability, reliability, and maintainability of the system, as well as its compatibility with environmental protection goals. This document does not encompass the following aspects: — guidelines for selection, installation, operation and maintenance, and management of sanitation systems; — transportation of treated output outside of the sanitation system (e.g. manual transport, transportation by truck or trunk pipes) for further processing, reuse, or disposal; — treatment processes taking place at another location separate from that of the frontend and backend components; — reuse and disposal of sanitation system output.

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