Food processing machinery - Filling machines and interchangeable equipment - Safety and hygiene requirements

1.1   General
This document applies to:
-   filling machines with cylinder and piston;
-   filling machines with feed intake hopper;
-   filling machines with vacuum hopper;
hereafter referred to as filling machines which process e.g. meat, cheese and other pasty substances, excluding dry or frozen materials. They pump foodstuff into casings or bring it to a following process.
This document applies also to the interchangeable equipment for filling machines with which a wide range of additional functions can be implemented. For example: portioning, depositing, mincing, co-extruding, dividing and forming.
This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to filling machines and interchangeable equipment (hereafter referred to as machines), when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer and also the reasonable foreseeable misuse (see Clause 4).
These significant hazards, hazardous situations and events can arise during all the life phases including transportation, assembly, dismantling, disabling and scrapping of the machines.
This document is not applicable to machines which were manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.
Filling machines described in this document are no forming, filling and sealing machines as described in EN 415-3:1999+A1:2009. Clipping machines as described in EN 13885:2005+A1:2010 are not covered by this document.
1.2   Types of filling machines and interchangeable equipment covered by this standard
1.2.1   Filling machines with cylinder and piston
Filling machines with cylinder and piston consist of piston, closing cover, machine frame, accessory drive mechanism and electrical and hydraulic components (see Figure 1).
The material being processed will be fed by hand into the cylinder.
Filling machines with cylinder and piston can be fitted with a dividing device.
1.2.2   Filling machines with feed intake hopper
Filling machines with feed intake hopper (with or without infeed auger, see Figure 2) consist of feeder on the discharge side of the feed intake hopper, machine frame, drive mechanism for interchangeable equipment and electric, electronic or pneumatic components, depending on machine type.
The material being processed will be fed by hand (or optionally a loading device) into the feeding hopper of the filling machine.
Filling machines with feed intake hopper can be equipped with:
-   dividing device;
-   cover or photoelectric guard at the mouth of the feed intake hopper;
-   pressure-sensitive protective device at the hopper edge;
-   divided hopper;
-   infeed auger;
-   counter auger;
-   step or ladder;
-   two-hand control device at the mouth of the feed intake hopper;
-   knee-operated lever switches or hand operated switches.
(...)
1.2.3   Filling machines with vacuum hopper
Filling machines with vacuum hopper (with or without infeed auger, see Figure 3) consist of suction pipe with storage container, feeder, vacuum hopper with locking device on the intake side, machine frame, drives for interchangeable equipment and electrical, electronic or pneumatic components, depending on the machinery category.
Filling machines with vacuum hoppers can be loaded by one or more of the following:
-   manual loading;
-   vacuum suction;
-   feeder.
Filling machines with vacuum hoppers are to be switched on and off by lever switches operated by knee or hand and/or by remote control signals.
Filling machines with vacuum hoppers can be equipped with:
-   dividing device;
-   cover on vacuum hopper;
-   infeed auger;
-   counter auger;
-   foot board or ladder;
-   suction pipe and storage container.
(...)
1.2.4   Interchangeable equipment for filling machines
Interchangeable equipment are devices which can be assembled to filling machinery by the operator in order to attribute one or more new functions such as: portioning, twisting, voiding, forming, mincing. (....)

Nahrungsmittelmaschinen - Füllmaschinen und auswechselbare Ausrüstung - Sicherheits- und Hygieneanforderungen

1.1   Allgemeines
Dieses Dokument gilt für:
-   Füllmaschinen mit Zylinder und Kolben;
-   Füllmaschinen mit Einfülltrichter;
-   Füllmaschinen mit Vakuum-Einfülltrichter,
im weiteren Verlauf bezeichnet als Füllmaschinen, die z. B. Fleisch, Käse und andere pastöse Produkte nicht aber trockene oder tiefgefrorene Produkte verarbeiten. Nahrungsmittel werden in Produkthüllen gepumpt oder dem folgenden Prozess zugeführt.
Dieses Dokument gilt darüber hinaus für auswechselbare Ausrüstung für Füllmaschinen, mit denen eine Vielzahl zusätzlicher Funktionen ausgeführt werden kann. Zum Beispiel: Portionieren, Ablegen, Zerkleinern, Co-Extrudieren, Teilen und Formen.
Dieses Dokument behandelt alle signifikanten Gefährdungen, Gefährdungssituationen und Gefährdungsereignisse, die für Füllmaschinen und auswechselbare Ausrüstung relevant sind, wenn sie bestimmungsgemäß und unter den vom Hersteller vorgesehenen Bedingungen sowie einschließlich der vernünftigerweise vorhersehbaren Fehlanwendungen verwendet werden (siehe 4).
Diese signifikanten Gefährdungen, Gefährdungssituationen und Gefährdungsereignisse können während aller Lebensdauerphasen einschließlich des Transports, des Zusammenbaus, der Demontage, der Außerbetriebsetzung und der Verschrottung der Füllmaschinen und auswechselbaren Ausrüstung auftreten.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für Füllmaschinen und auswechselbare Ausrüstungen, die vor dem Datum der Veröffentlichung dieses Dokuments durch CEN hergestellt wurden.
Die folgenden Füllmaschinen und auswechselbaren Ausrüstungen werden von diesem Dokument nicht abgedeckt:
-   Füll- und Verschließmaschinen wie in EN 415 3:1999+A1:2009 festgelegt;
-   Clipmaschinen wie in EN 13885:2005+A1:2010 festgelegt.
1.2   In dieser Norm behandelte Bauarten von Füllmaschinen und auswechselbaren Ausrüstungen
1.2.1   Füllmaschinen mit Zylinder und Kolben
Füllmaschinen mit Zylinder und Kolben (siehe Bild 1) bestehen aus den folgenden Hauptbestandteilen:
-   Zylinder;
-   Kolben;
-   Verschlussdeckel;
-   Füllrohr;
-   Abteileinrichtung.
Das zu verarbeitende Füllgut wird von Hand in den Zylinder eingegeben.
Füllmaschinen mit Zylinder und Kolben können mit einer Abteileinrichtung ausgerüstet sein.
1.2.2   Füllmaschinen mit Einfülltrichter
Füllmaschinen mit Einfülltrichter (siehe Bild 2) bestehen aus den folgenden Hauptbestandteilen:
-   Einfülltrichter;
-   Förderwerk;
-   Füllrohr.
Das zu verarbeitende Produkt wird von Hand (oder optional durch eine Beschickungseinrichtung) in den Einfülltrichter der Füllmaschine eingegeben.
Füllmaschinen mit Einfülltrichter können ausgerüstet sein mit:
-   Abteileinrichtung (siehe Bild 7a));
-   Verschlussdeckel oder photoelektrischer Schutzeinrichtung an der Einfülltrichteröffnung (siehe Bild 10);
-   druckempfindliche Schutzeinrichtung an der Kante des Einfülltrichters (siehe Bild 10);
-   geteilter Einfülltrichter (siehe Bild 11);
-   Zubringerkurve (siehe Bild 12);
-   Stopper (siehe Bild 12);
-   Auftritt oder Leiter (siehe Bild 8 und Bild 9);
-   Zweihandschaltung an der Einfülltrichteröffnung (siehe Bild 9).
1.2.3   Füllmaschinen mit Vakuum-Einfülltrichter
Füllmaschinen mit Vakuum-Einfülltrichter (siehe Bild 3) bestehen aus den folgenden Hauptbestandteilen:
-   Vakuum-Einfülltrichter;
-   Förderwerk;
-   Auslassöffnung;
-   Verschlussdeckel;
-   Einlassventil;
-   Saugrohr;
-   Vorratsbehälter;
-   Rohranschlussöffnung.
Das zu verarbeitende Produkt wird von Hand (oder optional durch eine Beschickungseinrichtung) in den Vorratsbehälter eingegeben.
Füllmaschinen mit Vakuum-Einfülltrichtern können ausgerüstet sein mit:
-   Abteileinrichtung;
-   Zubringerkurve (siehe Bild 12);
-   Stopper (siehe Bild 12);
-   Auftritt oder Leiter (siehe Bild 8 und Bild 9).
...

Machines pour les produits alimentaires - Machines à pousser et équipements interchangeables - Prescriptions relatives à la sécurité et l'hygiène

1.1   Généralités
Le présent document s'applique aux :
-   machines à pousser à cylindre et piston ;
-   machines à pousser avec trémie d'alimentation ;
-   machines à pousser avec trémie sous vide ;
ci-après dénommées machines à pousser qui traitent, par exemple, de la viande, du fromage et d'autres substances pâteuses, à l'exception des produits secs ou surgelés. Elles amènent par aspiration les aliments dans des enveloppes ou les dirigent au processus suivant.
Le présent document s'applique également aux équipements interchangeables des machines à pousser avec lesquelles de nombreuses fonctions supplémentaires peuvent être mises en oeuvre. Par exemple : portionnement, garnissage, hachage, coextrusion, séparation et formage.
Le présent document traite de tous les phénomènes dangereux, situations et événements dangereux significatifs spécifiques aux machines à pousser et aux équipements interchangeables, lorsqu'ils sont utilisés normalement et dans des conditions de mauvaise utilisation raisonnablement prévisibles par le fabricant (voir Article 4).
Ces phénomènes dangereux, situations dangereuses et événements dangereux significatifs peuvent se produire à toutes les phases de la vie y compris le transport, l'assemblage, le démontage, la mise hors service et la mise au rebut des machines à pousser et des équipements interchangeables.
Le présent document ne s’applique pas aux machines à pousser et aux équipements interchangeables qui ont été fabriqués avant la date de publication du présent document par le CEN.
Les machines à pousser et les équipements interchangeables suivants ne sont pas couverts par le présent document :
-   Machines à pousser et à emballer décrites dans l’EN 415 3:1999+A1:2009 ;
-   Machines à attacher décrites dans l’EN 13885:2005+A1:2010.
1.2   Types de machines à pousser et équipements interchangeables couverts par la présente norme
1.2.1   Machines à pousser à cylindre et piston
Les machines à pousser à cylindre et piston (voir Figure 1) sont constituées des parties principales suivantes :
-   cylindre ;
-   piston ;
-   couvercle de fermeture ;
-   cornet de remplissage ;
-   diviseur.
Le produit à traiter est amené manuellement dans le cylindre.
Les machines à pousser à cylindre et piston peuvent être équipées d'un diviseur.
1.2.2   Machines à pousser avec trémie d'alimentation
Les machines à pousser avec trémie d'alimentation (voir Figure 2) sont constituées des parties principales suivantes :
-   trémie d'alimentation ;
-   dispositif d’amenée ;
-   cornet de remplissage.
Le produit à traiter est amené manuellement (ou optionnellement par un dispositif de chargement) dans la trémie d'alimentation de la machine à pousser.
Les machines à pousser avec trémie d'alimentation peuvent être équipées de :
-   diviseur (voir Figure 7a)) ;
-   couvercle de fermeture ou protecteur photoélectrique au niveau de l'ouverture de la trémie d’alimentation (voir Figure 10) ;
-   dispositif de protection sensible à la pression au niveau du bord de la trémie (voir Figure 10) ;
-   trémie divisée (voir Figure 11) ;
-   racleur (voir Figure 12) ;
-   butée (voir Figure 12) ;
-   marchepied ou échelle (voir Figure 8 et Figure 9) ;
-   dispositif de commande bimanuelle au niveau de l'ouverture de la trémie d'alimentation (voir Figure 9).
1.2.3   Machines à pousser avec trémie sous vide
Les machines à pousser avec trémie sous vide (voir Figure 3) sont constituées des parties principales suivantes :
-   trémie sous vide ;
-   dispositif d’amenée ;
-   sortie ;
-   couvercle de fermeture ;
-   soupape d’entrée ;
-   tuyau d'aspiration ;
-   réservoir de stockage ;
-   raccord de tuyau d’entrée.
Le produit à traiter est amené manuellement (ou optionnellement par un dispositif de chargement) dans le réservoir de stockage.
...

Stroji za predelavo hrane - Polnilniki in zamenjliva oprema - Varnostne in higienske zahteve

General Information

Status
Published
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
13-Jan-2021
Completion Date
13-Jan-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 12463:2021
01-april-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 12463:2015
Stroji za predelavo hrane - Polnilniki in zamenjliva oprema - Varnostne in
higienske zahteve

Food processing machinery - Filling machines and interchangeable equipment - Safety

and hygiene requirements
Nahrungsmittelmaschinen - Füllmaschinen und auswechselbare Ausrüstung -
Sicherheits- und Hygieneanforderungen
Machines pour les produits alimentaires - Machines à pousser et équipements
interchangeables - Prescriptions relatives à la sécurité et l'hygiène
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 12463:2021
ICS:
67.260 Tovarne in oprema za živilsko Plants and equipment for the
industrijo food industry
SIST EN 12463:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 12463:2021
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SIST EN 12463:2021
EN 12463
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
January 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 67.260 Supersedes EN 12463:2014
English Version
Food processing machinery - Filling machines and
interchangeable equipment - Safety and hygiene
requirements

Machines pour les produits alimentaires - Machines à Nahrungsmittelmaschinen - Füllmaschinen und

pousser et équipements interchangeables - auswechselbare Ausrüstung - Sicherheits- und

Prescriptions relatives à la sécurité et l'hygiène Hygieneanforderungen
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 28 September 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 12463:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 12463:2021
EN 12463:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 5

1.2 Types of filling machines and interchangeable equipment covered by this standard .......... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 9

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 10

4 List of significant hazards ......................................................................................................................... 13

5 Safety and hygiene requirements and/or protective measures ................................................. 16

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16

5.2 Mechanical hazards – independent of type......................................................................................... 17

5.3 Mechanical hazards – distinguished by type ...................................................................................... 22

5.4 Electrical hazards ......................................................................................................................................... 42

5.5 Hazard from loss of stability .................................................................................................................... 44

5.6 Noise reduction ............................................................................................................................................. 45

5.7 Ergonomic requirements .......................................................................................................................... 45

5.8 Hygiene and cleaning .................................................................................................................................. 45

6 Verification of safety and hygiene requirements and/or protective measures .................... 50

7 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 53

7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 53

7.2 Instruction handbook ................................................................................................................................. 53

Annex A (normative) Noise test code for filling machines and interchangeable equipment

(grade 2) .......................................................................................................................................................... 57

Annex B (normative) Design principles to ensure the cleanability of filling machines and

interchangeable equipment ..................................................................................................................... 61

Annex C (informative) Performance level required ....................................................................................... 66

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered ..................................................... 67

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 69

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SIST EN 12463:2021
EN 12463:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 12463:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 153 “Machinery

intended for use with foodstuffs and feed”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by July 2021, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by July 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 12463:2014.

This document has been prepared under a standardization request given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of

EU Directive 2006/42/EC.

For relationship with EU Directive 2006/42/EC, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of

this document.

The significant changes with respect to the previous edition EN 12463:2014 are listed below:

— Clause 1: clarified for filling machines and interchangeable equipment;
— Clause 2: normative references updated;

— Clause 3: terms revised and supplemented; consistent use throughout the standard;

— Clause 4: table updated;
— Clause 5: structure improved and clearer;
— Subclause 5.3.5: structure and content improved and clearer;
— Clause 6: verification list updated;
— Clause 7: supplemented;
— Figures partly renewed, keys supplemented and clarified;
— Annex C: Table of Performance level required implemented;
— Annex ZA: updated.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,

Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North

Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United

Kingdom.
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SIST EN 12463:2021
EN 12463:2021 (E)
Introduction
This document is a type-C-standard as stated in EN ISO 12100.

This document is of relevance in particular for the following stakeholder groups representing the market

players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance, etc.).

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and hazardous events

are covered are indicated in the scope of this document.

When provisions of this type-C-standard are different from those which are stated in type-A- or -B-

standards, the provisions of this type-C-standard take precedence over the provisions of the other

standards, for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type-C-

standard.
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SIST EN 12463:2021
EN 12463:2021 (E)
1 Scope
1.1 General
This document applies to:
— filling machines with cylinder and piston;
— filling machines with feed intake hopper;
— filling machines with vacuum hopper;

hereafter referred to as filling machines which process, e.g. meat, cheese and other pasty substances,

excluding dry or frozen materials. They pump foodstuff into casings or bring it to a subsequent process.

This document applies also to the interchangeable equipment for filling machines with which a wide

range of additional functions can be implemented. For example: portioning, depositing, mincing, co-

extruding, dividing and forming.

This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to filling

machines and interchangeable equipment, when they are used as intended and under the conditions

foreseen by the manufacturer and also the reasonably foreseeable misuse (see Clause 4).

These significant hazards, hazardous situations and events can arise during all the life phases including

transportation, assembly, dismantling, disabling and scrapping of filling machines and interchangeable

equipment.

This document is not applicable to filling machines and interchangeable equipment which were

manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.

The following filling machines and interchangeable equipment are not covered by this document:

— Filling and sealing machines as described in EN 415-3:1999+A1:2009;
— Clipping machines as described in EN 13885:2005+A1:2010.

1.2 Types of filling machines and interchangeable equipment covered by this standard

1.2.1 Filling machines with cylinder and piston

Filling machines with cylinder and piston (see Figure 1) consist of the following main parts:

— cylinder;
— piston;
— closing cover;
— filling horn;
— dividing device.
The material being processed will be fed by hand into the cylinder.
Filling machines with cylinder and piston can be fitted with a dividing device.
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SIST EN 12463:2021
EN 12463:2021 (E)
Key
1 cylinder 4 filling horn
2 piston 5 dividing device
3 closing cover 6 knee lever
Figure 1 — Example of a filling machine with cylinder and piston
1.2.2 Filling machines with feed intake hopper

Filling machines with feed intake hopper (see Figure 2) consist of the following main parts:

— feed intake hopper;
— feeder;
— filling horn.

The material being processed will be fed by hand (or optionally a loading device) into the feeding hopper

of the filling machine.
Filling machines with feed intake hopper can be equipped with:
— dividing device (see Figure 7a));

— closing cover or photoelectric guard at the mouth of the feed intake hopper (see Figure 10);

— pressure-sensitive protective device at the hopper edge (see Figure 10);
— divided hopper (see Figure 11);
— infeed auger (see Figure 12);
— counter auger (see Figure 12);
— step or ladder (see Figure 8 and Figure 9);
— two-hand control device at the mouth of the feed intake hopper (see Figure 9).
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SIST EN 12463:2021
EN 12463:2021 (E)
Key
1 feed intake hopper 3 filling horn
2 feeder 4 knee lever
Figure 2 — Example of a filling machine with feed intake hopper
1.2.3 Filling machines with vacuum hopper

Filling machines with vacuum hopper (see Figure 3) consist of the following main parts:

— vacuum hopper;
— feeder;
— outlet;
— closing cover;
— inlet valve;
— suction pipe;
— storage container;
— pipe connection inlet.

The material being processed will be fed by hand (or optionally a loading device) into the storage

container.
Filling machines with vacuum hoppers can be equipped with:
— dividing device;
— infeed auger (see Figure 12);
— counter auger (see Figure 12);
— step or ladder (see Figure 8 and Figure 9).
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SIST EN 12463:2021
EN 12463:2021 (E)
Key
1 vacuum hopper 5 inlet valve
2 feeder 6 suction pipe
3 outlet 7 storage container
4 closing cover 8 pipe connection inlet
Figure 3 — Example of a filling machine with vacuum hopper
1.2.4 Interchangeable equipment for filling machines

Interchangeable equipment are devices which can be assembled to filling machinery by the operator in

order to attribute one or more new functions such as: portioning, twisting, voiding, forming, mincing.

Interchangeable equipment does not operate independently. The interchangeable equipment will be

actuated directly or by filling machines.
Interchangeable equipment dealt with in this document (see 5.3.5) are:
— cutting device (see Figure 14);
— forming device (see Figure 15);
— twisting device (see Figure 16);
— linking gear box (see Figure 17);
— portioning device (see Figure 18);
— holding device (see Figure 19);
— mincing device (see Figure 20);
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SIST EN 12463:2021
EN 12463:2021 (E)
— sausage production device (see Figure 21);
— filling stream divider device (see Figure 22);
— casing spooling device (see Figure 23);
— co-extrusion device (see Figure 24).
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 614-1:2006+A1:2009, Safety of machinery — Ergonomic design principles — Part 1: Terminology and

general principles

EN 619:2002+A1:2010, Continuous handling equipment and systems — Safety and EMC requirements for

equipment for mechanical handling of unit loads

EN 1005-1:2001+A1:2008, Safety of machinery — Human physical performance — Part 1: Terms and

definitions

EN 1005-2:2003+A1:2008, Safety of machinery — Human physical performance — Part 2: Manual

handling of machinery and component parts of machinery

EN 1005-3:2002+A1:2008, Safety of machinery — Human physical performance — Part 3: Recommended

force limits for machinery operation

EN 1672-2:2005+A1:2009, Food processing machinery — Basic concepts — Part 2: Hygiene requirements

EN 60204-1:2018, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General

requirements (IEC 60204-1:2016, modified)

EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529:1989)

EN 61496-1:2013, Safety of machinery — Electro-sensitive protective equipment — Part 1: General

requirements and tests (IEC 61496-1:2012)

EN ISO 3744:2010, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise

sources using sound pressure — Engineering methods for an essentially free field over a reflecting plane

(ISO 3744:2010)

EN ISO 3746:2010, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise

sources using sound pressure — Survey method using an enveloping measurement surface over a reflecting

plane (ISO 3746:2010)

EN ISO 4871:2009, Acoustics — Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and

equipment (ISO 4871:1996)
1) As impacted by EN 60529:1991/A1:2000 and EN 60529:1991/A2:2013.
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EN ISO 11201:2010, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions in an essentially free field over a

reflecting plane with negligible environmental corrections (ISO 11201:2010)

EN ISO 11202:2010, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying approximate environmental

corrections (ISO 11202:2010)

EN ISO 11688-1:2009, Acoustics — Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and

equipment — Part 1: Planning (ISO/TR 11688-1:1995)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)

EN ISO 13849-1:2015, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General

principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2015)

EN ISO 13851:2019, Safety of machinery — Two-hand control devices — Principles for design and selection

(ISO 13851:2019)

EN ISO 13855:2010, Safety of machinery — Positioning of safeguards with respect to the approach speeds

of parts of the human body (ISO 13855:2010)

EN ISO 13857:2019, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by

upper and lower limbs (ISO 13857:2019)

EN ISO 14119:2013, Safety of machinery — Interlocking devices associated with guards — Principles for

design and selection (ISO 14119:2013)

EN ISO 14120:2015, Safety of machinery — Guards — General requirements for the design and

construction of fixed and movable guards (ISO 14120:2015)

EN ISO 14122-3:2016, Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery — Part 3: Stairs,

stepladders and guard-rails (ISO 14122-3:2016)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010 and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
twisting device
device to separate one portion from the next by twisting
3.2
dividing device
device to divide the product into portions

Note 1 to entry: Mainly used types in fillers with cylinder and piston are rotary slide or valve plate.

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3.3
hanging device
device to suspend the product from a hook or to transport it
3.4
linking gear box
device to rotate the filling nozzle
3.5
ejector
extractor
device for detaching the set of cutting tools
3.6
extraction claw
tool for detaching the set of cutting tools
3.7
loading device
device for lifting and tilting of transport cars
3.8
holding device

device for retaining and braking the product casing on the filling horn or filling nozzle

3.9
casing clamp
device for centring and clamping the shirred product casing
3.10
feed intake hopper
container for receiving products to be processed
3.11
fixing device
device for locking the transport car in the loading device
3.12
feeder
unit for product transport
3.13
plough
device to reduce the turning of the product with the infeed auger
3.14
divided hopper
feed intake hopper with a disconnecting point in the upper hopper part
3.15
piston
moving part for pressing out the product
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3.16
blade
cutting tool with one or several blades
3.17
rotating head
hinged installation with one or more filling nozzles
3.18
grinder housing
casing for holding the set of cutting tools
3.19
set of cutting tools
arrangement of blades and hole plates for size reduction of product
3.20
counter auger
fixed counterpart to the infeed auger
3.21
transport car
movable container for holding the processed or unprocessed product
3.22
cutting device
device for the cutting of portions
3.23
closing cover
device to close the opening of the cylinder, feed intake hopper or vacuum hopper
3.24
infeed auger
rotating conveying element in the feed intake hopper
3.25
vacuum suction

suction of the product through the suction pipe into the vacuum hopper by means of negative pressure

3.26
interchangeable equipment

device which, after the putting into service of machinery, is assembled with that machinery by the

operator himself in order to change its function or attribute a new function, in so far as this equipment is

not a tool

[SOURCE: 2006/42/EC, Article 2 (b), modified – The assembly with a tractor is not intended and is

omitted.]
3.27
sausage production device
device which produces products in a cylinder-like shape

Note 1 to entry: Usually, a sausage is filled in a product casing of intestine and sometimes in a product casing of

synthetic material. The filling is not limited to meat.
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3.28
design dimension

sum of dimensions measured as tight string length from highest standing area (floor, steps, intermediate

steps or platforms) to the hopper edge (inclusively additional physical barriers) and from the hopper

edge (inclusively additional physical barriers) to the first danger point in the hopper

3.29
filling horn
tube for filling the product, attached to the filling machine
3.30
filling nozzle
tube for filling the product, attached to the interchangeable equipment
3.31
forming device
device to form the product into different shape
3.32
portioning device
device to expel the product in portions
3.33
mincing device
device to grind the product
3.34
filling stream divider device
device to create more than one stream of product
3.35
casing spooling device
device to shirr the case on the filling horn or filling nozzle
3.36
co-extrusion device
device to combine different product streams into one stream of product
3.37
end hole plate
last hole plate towards the outlet
3.38
easily cleanable

designed and constructed to be cleanable by a simple cleaning method, when necessary after removing

easily dismantled parts
4 List of significant hazards

This clause contains all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, identified by risk

assessment as significant for this type of machinery and which require measures to eliminate or reduce

the risk associated with the identified hazards (see Table 1 and Table 3, and Figure 4, Figure 5 and

Figure 6).
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Table 1 — List of significant hazards
Location or cause Hazards, hazardous situations and hazardous Clause/subclause
events in this document
General Safety and reliability of control systems 5.1
Guard interlocking Safety and reliability of control systems; 5.2.1
cleaning
Moveable closing cover Risks related to moving parts; 5.2.2
and hopper safety and reliability of control systems
Piston and feeder Crushing, shearing; 5.2.3
electrical hazards
Discharge opening Crushing and shearing 5.2.4
Steps and ladders Crushing, shearing, slipping, tripping, falling 5.2.5
Drive mechanism Crushing and shearing 5.2.6
Filling machines with Risks due to falling or ejected objects; 5.3.1
cylinder and piston crushing, shearing
Filling machines with feed Risks related to moving parts; 5.3.2
intake hopper crushing, shearing
Filling machines with Crushing and shearing 5.3.3
vacuum hopper
Filling machines with Mechanical hazards 5.3.4
loading device
Interchangeable Mechanical hazards 5.3.5
equipment
Electricity supply Electric shock from direct or indirect contact with 5.4
live components;
external influences on electrical equipment (e.g.
cleaning with water)
Design of machinery and Hazards generated by loss of stability 5.5
where used the loading
device or interchangeable
equipment
Filling machines and Hazards generated by noise which may result in 5.6;
interchangeable hearing, damage, tinnitus, stress and accidents due Annex A
equipment generate noise to interference with speech communication and
interference with the perception of acoustic signals
Design of machinery to Hazards generated by neglecting ergonomic 5.7
facilitate its handling principles e.g. unhealthy body posture or excessive
physical effort, inadequate consideration of human
hand/arm or foot/leg anatomy by design of
machines or no respect of the working area
Cleaning procedure Hazards generated by neglecting hygienic design 5.8;
principles which may result in, e.g. contamination Annex B
by microbial growth or foreign materials
Operator intervention Hazards due to inadequate operating instructions 7.2
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Key
1 zone 1 outlet of the cylinder 3 zone 3 loading zone
2 zone 2 discharge port 22 zone 22 drive mechanism
Figure 4 — Filling machine with cylinder and piston – Danger zones
Key
4 zone 4 infeed auger and plough 6 zone 6 discharge opening
5 zone 5 feeder 22 zone 22 drive mechanism
Figure 5 — Filling machine with feed intake hopper – Danger zones
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Key
4 zone 4 infeed auger and plough 24 zone 24 inlet valve
5 zone 5 feeder 25 zone 25 pipe connection inlet
6 zone 6 discharge opening 26 zone 26 storage container
Figure 6 — Filling machine with vacuum hopper – Danger zones
5 Safety and hygiene requirements and/or protective measures
5.1 General

Filling machines and interchangeable equipment shall comply with the safety requirements and/or

protective measures of this clause.

In addition, they shall be designed according to the principles of EN ISO 12100:2010 for hazards relevant

but not significant, which are not dealt with by this document.

After the activation of a protective device the machine shall stop before a hazard zone can be reached.

Restarting shall only be possible by actuating the starting control.

For the design and implementation of any safety function, either realized in electric, pneumatic, hydraulic

or mechanic technology, the appropriate requirements of EN ISO 13849-1:2015 apply.

Machines safety functions are implemented and assured through Safety-related Parts of the Control

System (SRP/CS) that shall achieve a required Performance Level (PL ). This requirement is given for

each safety function in the relevant subclauses of Clause 5.

Table C.1 summarizes PL for each safety function; however, the provisions of Clause 5 remain the sole

and complete normative set of requirements and explanations.

Fixing systems for fixed guards, or for demountable parts of the machine casing when they are designed

as fixed guards, shall remain attached to the guards or to the machine when the guards are removed.

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5.2 Mechanical hazards – independent of type
5.2.1 Guard interlocking
The interlocking devices associated with guards shall comply w
...

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