Textiles - Burning behaviour of children's nightwear - Specification
This European Standard specifies requirements for the burning behaviour of children’s nightwear and nightwear fabrics intended for such garments when tested in accordance with EN 1103 but without the washing procedure.
Textilien - Brennverhalten von Kindernachtwäsche - Anforderungen
Textiles - Comportement au feu des vêtements de nuit des enfants - Spécification
La présente Norme européenne définit les exigences relatives au comportement au feu des vêtements de nuit pour enfants et des étoffes utilisées pour ce type de vêtements lorsqu’ils sont soumis à l’essai conformément à l’EN 1103, à l’exclusion du lavage.
Tekstilije - Gorljivost otroških nočnih oblačil - Specifikacija
Standards Content (Sample)
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Textiles - Burning behaviour of children's nightwear - SpecificationTextiles - Comportement au feu des vetements de nuit des enfants - SpécificationTextilien - Brennverhalten von Kindernachtwäsche - AnforderungenTa slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 14878:2007SIST EN 14878:2008en,fr,de97.19061.02013.220.40ICS:SLOVENSKI
STANDARDSIST EN 14878:200801-marec-2008
EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN 14878May 2007ICS 61.020; 97.190 English VersionTextiles - Burning behaviour of children's nightwear -SpecificationTextiles - Comportement au feu des vêtements de nuit desenfants - SpécificationTextilien - Brennverhalten von Kindernachtwäsche -AnforderungenThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 26 April 2007.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as theofficial versions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre: rue de Stassart, 36
B-1050 Brussels© 2007 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN 14878:2007: E
EN 14878:2007 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword.3 Introduction.4 1 Scope.5 2 Normative references.5 3 Terms and definitions.5 4 Principle.6 5 Toxicology of flame retardant.6 6 Fabric and garment sampling.6 7 Test method.7 8 Number of tests.7 9 Requirements.7 10 Design features and requirements for pyjamas.8 11 Labelling.9 12 Test report.9 Annex A (normative)
Labelling.10 Annex B (informative)
Design guidance.11 Annex C (informative)
EN 14878:2007 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 14878:2007) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 248 “Textiles and textile products”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2007, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by November 2008. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. The contents of this standard consider those items of nightwear and nightwear fabrics that could pose a significant risk of injury to children from the hazards presented by the potential to catch fire. Accident statistics (see Bibliography) indicate the most common sources of ignition to be: a) cooking appliances; b) sitting too close to a fire; c) use of matches; d) use of smoking materials; e) candles used primarily for decoration. Consideration was given to garments and other such items intended for use by babies under the age of six (6) months.
On the basis that babies of this age are not yet mobile, i.e. they are unable to crawl or walk, the risk was considered low. The principle upon which this standard is based is the acceptance that most, but not all, fabrics used in the manufacture of children’s nightwear will ignite when exposed to a small flame.
On this premise therefore, there is no requirement for a specific ignitability test.
The specification requires that the parameters of time of flame spread and surface flash are measured using a specified test procedure (EN 1103). The risk of fire may be diminished in some situations by the use of a suitable flame retardant. However, the application of a flame retardant could be considered to present a health risk.
Both points of view were discussed in the feasibility study, prepared under a Mandate (M/263) that preceded the Standardization Mandate.
Following the publication and implementation of this standard in CEN countries, there should be an 18 month transition period from the date of availability, to allow manufacturers to develop and produce garments that conform to the standards.
The period is also to allow the supply chain, from manufacturer to the consumer, to be cleared on non-conforming garments. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EN 14878:2007 (E) 4 Introduction The aim of this European Standard is to define a harmonised procedure for the specification of children’s nightwear or fabrics intended for children’s nightwear with regard to their burning behaviour.
Within the scope of this specification it is not possible to cover all the potential hazards that may create an unsafe garment; conversely, indefinable specific hazards in certain styles/design of garment may not present a risk.
It is therefore recommended that an individual risk assessment is carried out on any garment in order to ensure that it does not present a hazard to the wearer and can therefore be deemed to be a ‘safe’ garment.
This includes the use of applied flame retardant treatments.
Durability of such finishes will require assessment.
No European Standard method addressing durability of such treatments has yet been established.
EN 14878:2007 (E) 5
1 Scope This European Standard specifies requirements for the burning behaviour of children’s nightwear and nightwear fabrics intended for such garments when tested in accordance with EN 1103 but without the washing procedure.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 1103, Textiles - Fabrics for apparel - Detailed procedure to determine the burning behaviour 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 1103 and the following apply. 3.1 nightwear garments that are either sold as nightwear or intended to be worn as nightwear, e.g. bathrobes, dressing gowns, night shirts, nightdresses and pyjamas 3.1.1 babies’ nightwear nightwear intended to be worn by babies (see 3.3) 3.1.2 children’s nightwear nightwear intended to be worn by children (see 3.4) 3.2 pyjamas either two or several piece nightwear garment comprising trouser, shorts or briefs and top.
It may also comprise one-piece pyjama type with top integral to trouser.
The trouser may be with or without feet 3.3 babies
babies up to six (6) months of age and having a height up to 68 cm
3.4 children young persons over six (6) months and up to the age of fourteen (14) years. Girls having a height between 68 cm and 176 cm and boys between 68 cm and 182 cm 3.5 specimens representative pieces of the product which are tested together with any lining/substrate or treatment
EN 14878:2007 (E) 6 3.6 multi-layer fabrics fabric produced from a series of separate layers, intimately combined at a stage prior to garment production, e.g. quilted fabrics 3.7 fabric assembly series of fabrics assembled as they would be at the garment manufacturing stage (excluding threads and trimmings), for the purpose of testing 4 Principle
The properties of time of flame spread and surface flash are evaluated by submitting a sample to the application of a specified test method contained in EN 1103.
EN 1103 contains a cleansing procedure which is not applied to any test material covered by this standard as a single wash has been found to have little or no effect on finishes used on nightwear. 5 Toxicology of flame retardant A flame retardant is a substance used to impart improved fire behaviour to a material.
When a flame retardant is applied to a textile to be used in nightwear conforming to this standard, it will be the responsibility of the manufacturer/retailer placing the chemically treated flame retardant nightwear on the European market to ensure the finish being used has been adequately assessed for risk of toxicity and/or eco toxicity and is considered safe for its intended use by the EU Scientific Committee on Health and Environmental Risks (SCHER). Any flame retardant used to impart a degree of reduction of any of the measured parameters shall be able to provide this reduction during the expected life of the garmen