Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Automatic identification system (AIS) - Part 2: AIS AtoN Stations - Operational and performance requirements, methods of testing and required test results

IEC 62320-2:2016(E) is available as IEC 62320-2:2016 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition. IEC 62320-2:2016(E) specifies the operational and performance requirements, methods of testing and required test results for AIS AtoN Stations compatible with the performance standards adopted by IMO Resolution MSC.74(69), Annex 3, Universal AIS. It incorporates the technical characteristics of non-shipborne AIS AtoN equipment, included in Recommendation ITU-R M.1371 and IALA Recommendation A-126. Where applicable, it also takes into account the ITU Radio Regulations. This standard takes into account other associated IEC International Standards and existing national standards, as applicable. This document is applicable for automatic identification system (AIS) installations on aids to navigation (AtoN). This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - additional cyber security measures; - updated description of configuration via VDL; - updated VDL access scheme requirements; - new PI sentences and VDL message structures with added description for optional TAG blocks; - added requirement for at least one standard method for configuration using Standard PI sentences; - updated test methods and updated Annexes.

Navigations- und Funkkommunikationsgeräte und -systeme für die Seeschifffahrt - Automatische Identifikationssysteme (AIS) - Teil 2: AIS-AtoN-Stationen - Betriebs- und Leistungsanforderungen, Prüfverfahren und geforderte Prüfergebnisse

Matériels et systèmes de navigation et de radiocommunication maritimes - Système d'identification automatique (AIS) - Partie 2: Stations d'aides à la navigation AIS - Exigences opérationnelles et de fonctionnement, méthodes d'essai et résultats d'essai exigés

L'IEC 62320-2:2016 spécifie les exigences opérationnelles et de fonctionnement, les méthodes d'essai et les résultats d’essai exigés applicables aux stations d'aides à la navigation AIS compatibles avec les normes de fonctionnement adoptées par la Résolution MSC.74(69) de l'OMI (Annexe 3, AIS universel). Elle comprend les caractéristiques techniques des matériels AIS d'aides à la navigation non embarqués, figurant dans la Recommandation UIT-R M.1371 et la Recommandation A-126 de l'AISM. Le cas échéant, elle prend également en compte le Règlement des radiocommunications de l'UIT. La présente norme tient compte des autres normes internationales IEC associées et des normes nationales existantes, selon le cas. Le présent document s'applique aux installations de systèmes d'identification automatique (AIS - automatic identification system) dédiées aux aides à la navigation (AtoN - aids to navigation). Cette deuxième édition annule et remplace la première édition parue en 2008. Cette édition constitue une révision technique. Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'édition précédente: - des mesures de cybersécurité supplémentaires; - mise à jour de la description de configuration via la VDL; - mise à jour des exigences concernant les modes d'accès VDL; - de nouvelles sentences PI et de nouvelles structures de messages VDL avec ajout d'une description des blocs TAG facultatifs; - ajout d’une exigence concernant au moins une méthode de configuration type à l'aide de sentences PI types; - mise à jour des méthodes d'essai et des annexes.

Pomorska navigacijska in radiokomunikacijska oprema in sistemi - Sistemi za avtomatično identifikacijo (AIS) - 2. del: Postaje AIS AtoN (pomoč pri navigaciji) - Minimalne zahteve za delovanje in lastnosti, preskusne metode in zahtevani rezultati preskušanja (IEC 62320-2:2016)

Ta del standarda IEC 62320 določa zahteve za delovanje in lastnosti, preskusne metode in zahtevane rezultate preskušanja postaj AIS AtoN skladno s standardi glede zmogljivosti, ki jih je sprejela Mednarodna pomorska organizacija v dodatku 3 k resoluciji MSC.74(69), Univerzalne bazne postaje AIS. Vključuje tehnične lastnosti neladijske opreme postaje AIS AtoN, vključene v priporočilu ITU-R M.1371 in priporočilu IALA A-126. Upošteva tudi Pravilnik o radiokomunikacijah ITU, kjer je to primerno. Ta standard upošteva druge povezane mednarodne standarde IEC in obstoječe nacionalne standarde, kakor je primerno. Ta dokument se uporablja za postaje s sistemom za avtomatično identifikacijo (AIS), ki se uporabljajo za pomoč pri navigaciji (AtoN).

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
04-Mar-2017
Withdrawal Date
04-Dec-2019
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available - Publishing
Start Date
27-Jan-2017
Completion Date
27-Jan-2017

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.]DKWHYDQLNavigations- und Funkkommunikationsgeräte und -systeme für die Seeschifffahrt - Automatische Identifikationssysteme (AIS) - Teil 2: AIS-AtoN-Stationen - Mindest-Betriebs- und -Leistungsanforderungen, Prüfverfahren und geforderte Prüfergebnisse (IEC 62320-2:2016)Equipements et systèmes de navigation et de radiocommunication maritimes - Systèmes d'identification automatique (AIS) - Partie 2: Stations AIS AtoN Exigences minimales opérationnelles et de performance, méthodes de mesure et résultats de test minimum attendus (IEC 62320-2:2016)Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Automatic identification system (AIS) - Part 2: AIS AtoN Stations - Operational and performance requirements, methods of testing and required test results (IEC 62320-2:2016)47.020.70Navigacijska in krmilna opremaNavigation and control equipmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 62320-2:2017SIST EN 62320-2:2017en01-april-2017SIST EN 62320-2:2017SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 62320-2:20081DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 62320-2:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 62320-2
January 2017 ICS 47.020.70
Supersedes
EN 62320-2:2008
English Version

Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Automatic identification system (AIS) -

Part 2: AIS AtoN Stations - Operational and performance requirements, methods of testing and required test results (IEC 62320-2:2016)

Equipements et systèmes de navigation et de radiocommunication maritimes - Systèmes d'identification automatique (AIS) - Partie 2: Stations AIS AtoN Exigences minimales opérationnelles et de performance, méthodes de mesure et résultats de test minimum attendus (IEC 62320-2:2016)

Navigations- und Funkkommunikationsgeräte und -systeme für die Seeschifffahrt - Automatische Identifikationssysteme (AIS) - Teil 2: AIS-AtoN-Stationen - Betriebs- und Leistungsanforderungen, Prüfverfahren und geforderte Prüfergebnisse (IEC 62320-2:2016) This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2016-12-05. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions. CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization

Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2017 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN 62320-2:2017 E SIST EN 62320-2:2017

EN 62320-2:2017 2 European foreword The text of document 80/817/FDIS, future edition 2 of IEC 62320-2, prepared by IEC/TC 80 "Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as EN 62320-2:2017.

The following dates are fixed: • latest date by which the document has to be implemented at national level by publication of an identical national standard or by endorsement (dop) 2017-09-05 • latest date by which the national standards conflicting with the document have to be withdrawn (dow) 2019-12-05

This document supersedes EN 62320-2:2008.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Endorsement notice The text of the International Standard IEC 62320-2:2016 was approved by CENELEC as a European Standard without any modification. In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated:

IEC 61162-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61162-1. IEC 61162-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61162-2. IEC 61162-460 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61162-460. IEC 61993-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61993-2. SIST EN 62320-2:2017

EN 62320-2:2017 3 Annex ZA (normative)

Normative references to international publications with their corresponding European publications

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE 1 When an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available here: www.cenelec.eu

Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60945 -

Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - General requirements - Methods of testing and required test results EN 60945 -

IEC 61108 Series

Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) EN 61108 Series

IEC 62287-1 -

Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Class B shipborne equipment of the automatic identification system (AIS) - Part 1: Carrier-sense time division multiple access (CSTDMA) techniques EN 62287-1 -

IEC 62320-3 2015

Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Automatic identification systems (AIS) - Part 3: AIS Simplex Repeater Station - Minimum operational and performance requirements, methods of testing and required test results EN 62320-3 2015

ITU Radio Regulations, Appendix 18 -
Table of transmitting frequencies in the VHF maritime mobile band - -
ITU-R Recommendation M.1371-5 2014

Technical characteristics for an automatic identification system using time-division multiple access in the VHF maritime mobile band - -

IALA Recommendation A-126 -
The use of
Automatic Identification System (AIS) in Marine Aids to Navigation - -
SIST EN 62320-2:2017
SIST EN 62320-2:2017
IEC 62320-2 Edition 2.0 2016-10 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD

Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems – Automatic identification system (AIS) –

Part 2: AIS AtoN Stations – Operational and performance requirements, methods of testing and required test results

INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
ICS 47.020.70
ISBN 978-2-8322-3709-0
® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission ®

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor. SIST EN 62320-2:2017 colourinside

– 2 – IEC 62320-2:2016 © IEC 2016 CONTENTS FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 8 1 Scope ............................................................................................................................ 10 2 Normative references .................................................................................................... 10 3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations ............................................................................. 11 3.1 Terms and definitions ............................................................................................ 11 3.2 Abbreviated terms ................................................................................................. 11 4 Description .................................................................................................................... 12 4.1 Types of AIS AtoN stations ................................................................................... 12 4.2 Type 1 AIS AtoN station ........................................................................................ 15 4.2.1 Characteristics............................................................................................... 15 4.2.2 Capability ...................................................................................................... 17 4.2.3 Alternatives ................................................................................................... 17 4.3 Type 2 AIS AtoN station ........................................................................................ 18 4.3.1 Characteristics............................................................................................... 18 4.3.2 Capability ...................................................................................................... 18 4.3.3 Control receiver ............................................................................................. 18 4.3.4 Alternatives ................................................................................................... 18 4.4 Type 3 AIS AtoN Station ....................................................................................... 19 4.4.1 Characteristics............................................................................................... 19 4.4.2 Capability ...................................................................................................... 19 4.4.3 AIS receiver (AIS Rx) .................................................................................... 19 4.4.4 Alternatives ................................................................................................... 19 4.5 Optional direct configuration via VDL (types 2 and 3) ............................................ 20 4.6 Optional configuration via VDL using chaining (type 3) .......................................... 20 5 Requirements for AIS AtoN stations ............................................................................... 23 5.1 Physical layer ....................................................................................................... 23 5.1.1 Transmitter requirements ............................................................................... 23 5.1.2 Receiver requirements ................................................................................... 25 5.1.3 Power consumption ....................................................................................... 26 5.1.4 Environmental requirements .......................................................................... 26 5.2 Link layer .............................................................................................................. 27 5.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 27 5.2.2 AIS Messages ............................................................................................... 27 5.2.3 Synchronisation ............................................................................................. 27 5.2.4 VDL access schemes..................................................................................... 28 5.2.5 Autonomous mode ......................................................................................... 30 5.2.6 Electronic position fix system ......................................................................... 31 5.2.7 Built-in integrity test ....................................................................................... 32 5.3 Configuration method ............................................................................................ 33 5.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 33 5.3.2 Alternative for types 1, 2 and 3 ...................................................................... 33 5.3.3 Chaining of AIS AtoN stations ........................................................................ 36 5.4 Repeat broadcast of active AIS-SART message .................................................... 36 5.5 Other requirements ............................................................................................... 36 5.5.1 Additional features ......................................................................................... 36 5.5.2 Manufacturer’s information ............................................................................ 36 SIST EN 62320-2:2017

IEC 62320-2:2016 © IEC 2016 – 3 –

5.5.3 Marking and identification .............................................................................. 37 5.5.4 Additional connection points .......................................................................... 37 6 Tests of AIS AtoN stations ............................................................................................. 37 6.1 General ................................................................................................................. 37 6.2 Test conditions ..................................................................................................... 37 6.2.1 Normal test conditions ................................................................................... 37 6.2.2 Extreme test conditions ................................................................................. 37 6.2.3 Standard test environment ............................................................................. 38 6.2.4 Test signals ................................................................................................... 38 6.2.5 Arrangements for test signals applied to the receiver input ............................ 39 6.2.6 Encoder for receiver measurements .............................................................. 40 6.2.7 Waiver for receivers ....................................................................................... 40 6.2.8 Impedance ..................................................................................................... 40 6.2.9 Artificial antenna (dummy load) ..................................................................... 40 6.2.10 Facilities for access ....................................................................................... 40 6.2.11 Modes of operation of the transmitter............................................................. 40 6.2.12 Measurement uncertainties ............................................................................ 40 7 RF tests ......................................................................................................................... 41 7.1 TDMA transmitter .................................................................................................. 41 7.1.1 General ......................................................................................................... 41 7.1.2 Frequency error ............................................................................................. 41 7.1.3 Carrier power ................................................................................................. 42 7.1.4 Modulation spectrum slotted transmission ...................................................... 42 7.1.5 Transmitter test sequence and modulation accuracy ...................................... 43 7.1.6 Transmitter output power versus time function (FATDMA and RATDMA) ....... 45 7.2 TDMA receivers (types 2 and 3) ............................................................................ 46 7.2.1 Sensitivity ...................................................................................................... 46 7.2.2 Error behaviour at high input levels................................................................ 47 7.2.3 Co-channel rejection ...................................................................................... 47 7.2.4 Adjacent channel selectivity ........................................................................... 48 7.2.5 Spurious response rejection .......................................................................... 49 7.2.6 Inter-modulation response rejection ............................................................... 52 7.2.7 Blocking or desensitization ............................................................................ 53 7.3 Conducted spurious emissions at the antenna ...................................................... 54 7.3.1 Spurious emissions from the receiver ............................................................ 54 7.3.2 Spurious emissions from the transmitter ........................................................ 54 8 Functional tests ............................................................................................................. 55 8.1 Configuration method ............................................................................................ 55 8.1.1 General ......................................................................................................... 55 8.1.2 Configuration for Message 21 ........................................................................ 55 8.1.3 Schedule mode A FATDMA Message 21 (single report, alternating channel operation) ......................................................................................... 56 8.1.4 Schedule mode B FATDMA Message 21 (dual report, dual channel operation) ...................................................................................................... 57 8.1.5 Schedule mode C FATDMA Message 21 (single report, single channel operation) ...................................................................................................... 57 8.1.6 Schedule mode A RATDMA Message 21 (Type 3) (single report, alternating channel operation) ....................................................................... 58 8.1.7 Schedule mode B RATDMA Message 21 (Type 3) (dual report, dual channel operation) ......................................................................................... 59 SIST EN 62320-2:2017

– 4 – IEC 62320-2:2016 © IEC 2016 8.1.8 Schedule mode C RATDMA Message 21 (type 3) (single channel operation) ...................................................................................................... 59 8.1.9 Scheduled transmission of Message 6 ........................................................... 60 8.1.10 Scheduled transmission of Message 8 ........................................................... 61 8.1.11 Scheduled transmission of Message 12 ......................................................... 61 8.1.12 Scheduled transmission of Message 14 ......................................................... 61 8.1.13 Unscheduled transmission ............................................................................. 62 8.2 Synchronisation accuracy ..................................................................................... 62 8.2.1 Implemented synchronisation modes and synchronisation error ..................... 62 8.2.2 Synchronisation test without UTC (types 2 and 3) .......................................... 63 8.3 EPFS .................................................................................................................... 64 8.3.1 Position source .............................................................................................. 64 8.3.2 Invalid position .............................................................................................. 64 8.3.3 Off-position monitor ....................................................................................... 64 8.4 Receive addressed message (types 2 and 3) ........................................................ 65 8.4.1 Purpose ......................................................................................................... 65 8.4.2 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 65 8.4.3 Required results ............................................................................................ 65 8.5 Interrogation response (Type 3) ............................................................................ 65 8.5.1 Purpose ......................................................................................................... 65 8.5.2 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 65 8.5.3 Required results ............................................................................................ 66 8.6 Repeat AIS-SART messages ................................................................................ 66 8.6.1 Purpose ......................................................................................................... 66 8.6.2 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 66 8.6.3 Required results ............................................................................................ 66 8.7 Additional functionality as implemented by the manufacturer................................. 66 8.7.1 Test for configuration of the receiver turn-on times (types 2 and 3) ................ 66 8.7.2 Test for configuration of payload transmission ............................................... 67 8.7.3 Test for forced broadcast ............................................................................... 68 8.7.4 Test for version information ........................................................................... 68 8.7.5 Test for DCR – AtoN function ID capability .................................................... 69 8.7.6 Test for assigning an encryption key for VDL configuration ............................ 69 8.7.7 Test for VDL configuration using chaining (Type 3) ........................................ 70 8.8 BIIT....................................................................................................................... 75 8.8.1 Purpose ......................................................................................................... 75 8.8.2 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 75 8.8.3 Required results ............................................................................................ 75 8.9 Transmitter shutdown procedure ........................................................................... 75 8.9.1 Purpose ......................................................................................................... 75 8.9.2 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 75 8.9.3 Required results ............................................................................................ 75 8.10 Power supply ........................................................................................................ 75 8.10.1 Purpose ......................................................................................................... 75 8.10.2 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 76 8.10.3 Required results ............................................................................................ 76 8.11 Environmental ....................................................................................................... 76 8.12 External removable media ..................................................................................... 76 8.12.1 Purpose ......................................................................................................... 76 SIST EN 62320-2:2017

IEC 62320-2:2016 © IEC 2016 – 5 –

8.12.2 Method of measurement ................................................................................ 76 8.12.3 Required results ............................................................................................ 76 8.13 Other tests ............................................................................................................ 76 8.13.1 Quality assurance .......................................................................................... 76 8.13.2 Additional features ......................................................................................... 76 8.13.3 Manual .......................................................................................................... 77 8.13.4 Marking and identification .............................................................................. 77 8.14 Optional TAG block encapsulation ........................................................................ 77 8.14.1 Application ..................................................................................................... 77 8.14.2 TAG block capabilities ................................................................................... 77 8.14.3 Activation of source-identification for output .................................................. 77 8.14.4 Activation of Destination-identification ........................................................... 78 8.14.5 Activation of Source-identification for input .................................................... 79 8.14.6 Use of multiple source-identifications for input ............................................... 80 8.14.7 Test of grouping by TAG blocks for output ..................................................... 81 8.14.8 Test of UNIX time output ............................................................................... 82 8.14.9 Test of line-count output ................................................................................ 82 Annex A (informative)

AIS AtoN station configuration structures .......................................... 84 A.1 AIS AtoN station configuration structures .............................................................. 84 A.2 MMSI Identification configuration command (AID) ................................................. 87 A.3 Extended/general AtoN station configuration command (ACF/ACG) ...................... 89 A.4 Configure broadcast rates for AtoN Station message command (CBR) .................. 94 A.5 Configuration of encryption key (CEK) .................................................................. 97 A.6 Configure the receiver turn-on times (ARW) .......................................................... 98 A.7 Proprietary AtoN control command (MCR)............................................................. 99 A.8 Configuration of message payload for broadcast (MEB) ...................................... 101 A.9 Forced broadcast command (AFB) ...................................................................... 101 A.10 Version information (VER) .................................................................................. 102 A.11 AtoN function ID capability .................................................................................. 104 A.12 Query via the VDL for Message 21 content ......................................................... 105 A.13 General query request ........................................................................................ 106 A.14 Configuration of receiver operational times command (COP) .............................. 107 A.15 Configuration of message payload for broadcast (MEB) ...................................... 108 A.16 Query response via the VDL for Message 21 configuration ................................. 110 Annex B (normative)

Message 21 – AtoN status bits .......................................................... 113 Bibliography ........................................................................................................................ 114

Figure 1 – Functional block diagram of a Type 1 AIS AtoN Station ........................................ 16 Figure 2 – Functional block diagram of a type 2 AIS AtoN station ......................................... 18 Figure 3 – Functional block diagram of a type 3 AIS AtoN station ......................................... 19 Figure 4 – VDL configuration decision tree ............................................................................ 22 Figure 5 – Power versus time mask ...................................................................................... 29 Figure 6 – Reporting modes for Message 21 ......................................................................... 31 Figure 7 – Block diagram of AIS AtoN test setup ................................................................... 38 Figure 8 – Format for repeating four-packet cluster ............................................................... 39 Figure 9 – Measurement arrangement for frequency error ..................................................... 41 Figure 10 – Measurement arrangement for carrier power ...................................................... 42 SIST EN 62320-2:2017

– 6 – IEC 62320-2:2016 © IEC 2016 Figure 11 – Emission mask ................................................................................................... 43 Figure 12 – Measurement arrangement for modulation accuracy ........................................... 44 Figure 13 – Measurement arrangement for sensitivity ........................................................... 46 Figure 14 – Measurement arrangement for error behaviour ................................................... 47 Figure 15 – Measurement arrangement for co-channel rejection ............

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