Information technology - Cabling installation - Part 99-2: Mitigation and protection from electrical interference

This document addresses the mitigation and protection of telecommunications cabling from electromagnetic interference by describing: a) coupling mechanisms and possible countermeasures; b) assessment of the electromagnetic environment; c) filtering, isolation and surge protections measures. Safety (electrical safety and protection, optical power, fire, etc.) and electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements are outside the scope of this document and are covered by standards and regulations. However, information given in this document can be of assistance in meeting these standards and regulations.

Informationstechnik - Installation von Kommunikationsverkabelung - Teil 99-2: Abschwächung von und Schutz vor elektrischer Störung

Technologies de l'information - Installation de câblages - Partie 99-2:

Informacijska tehnologija - Polaganje kablov - 99-2. del: Zmanjševanje električnih motenj iin zaščita pred njimi

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
19-Mar-2020
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
20-Mar-2020
Completion Date
20-Mar-2020

Buy Standard

Technical report
-TP CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020
English language
21 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TP CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020
01-maj-2020

Informacijska tehnologija - Polaganje kablov - 99-2. del: Zmanjševanje električnih

motenj iin zaščita pred njimi

Information technology - Cabling installation - Part 99-2: Mitigation and protection from

electrical interference
Informationstechnik - Installation von Kommunikationsverkabelung - Teil 99-2:
Abschwächung von und Schutz vor elektrischer Störung
Technologies de l'information - Installation de câblages - Partie 99-2:
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020
ICS:
33.040.50 Vodi, zveze in tokokrogi Lines, connections and
circuits
35.110 Omreževanje Networking
SIST-TP CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST-TP CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST-TP CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020
TECHNICAL REPORT CLC/TR 50174-99-2
RAPPORT TECHNIQUE
TECHNISCHER BERICHT
March 2020
ICS 35.110
English Version
Information technology - Cabling installation - Part 99-2:
Mitigation and protection from electrical interference

Technologies de l'information - Installation de câblages - Informationstechnik - Installation von

Partie 99-2: Kommunikationsverkabelung - Teil 99-2: Abschwächung
von und Schutz vor elektrischer Störung
This Technical Report was approved by CENELEC on 2020-02-10.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST-TP CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020
CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ...................................................................................................................................3

Introduction ...............................................................................................................................................4

1 Scope ...............................................................................................................................................5

2 Normative references .......................................................................................................................5

3 Definitions, abbreviations and symbology ........................................................................................5

3.1 Definitions .........................................................................................................................5

3.2 Abbreviations ....................................................................................................................6

4 Coupling mechanisms and countermeasures ..................................................................................6

4.1 General .............................................................................................................................6

4.2 Countermeasures against galvanic or common mode impedance coupling ....................6

4.3 Countermeasures against capacitive coupling .................................................................6

4.4 Countermeasures against inductive coupling ...................................................................7

4.5 Countermeasures against radiative coupling....................................................................8

4.6 Protection against very low frequency fields.....................................................................9

5 Assessment of the electromagnetic environment ............................................................................9

6 Filtering and electrical isolation components and surge protective devices ................................. 14

6.1 Filtering .......................................................................................................................... 14

6.1.1 General ....................................................................................................... 14

6.1.2 Design ........................................................................................................ 15

6.1.3 Installation .................................................................................................. 15

6.2 Electrical isolation components ..................................................................................... 16

6.2.1 General ....................................................................................................... 16

6.2.2 Design ........................................................................................................ 16

6.2.3 Installation .................................................................................................. 17

6.3 Surge protective devices................................................................................................ 19

6.3.1 General ....................................................................................................... 19

6.3.2 Design ........................................................................................................ 19

6.3.3 Installation .................................................................................................. 19

Bibliography ........................................................................................................................................... 21

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST-TP CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020
CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020) was prepared by the Technical Committee CLC/TC 215,

“Electrotechnical aspects of telecommunication equipment”.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

A previous version of this document was published as informative Annex A in EN 50174-2:2009.

During the revision of EN 50174-2:2009, TC 215 decided to remove the Annex, revise and then

publish it as separate Technical Report.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST-TP CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020
CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020 (E)
Introduction

The EN 50174 series standards specify the specification, planning and practices applicable to

installation of telecommunications cabling.

This document supports the requirements and recommendations of the EN 50174 series in relation to

the mitigation and protection of telecommunications cabling from electromagnetic interference by

describing:
a) coupling mechanisms and possible countermeasures;
b) assessment of the electromagnetic environment;
c) filtering, isolation and surge protections measures.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST-TP CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020
CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document addresses the mitigation and protection of telecommunications cabling from

electromagnetic interference by describing:
a) coupling mechanisms and possible countermeasures;
b) assessment of the electromagnetic environment;
c) filtering, isolation and surge protections measures.

Safety (electrical safety and protection, optical power, fire, etc.) and electromagnetic compatibility

(EMC) requirements are outside the scope of this document and are covered by standards and

regulations. However, information given in this document can be of assistance in meeting these

standards and regulations.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.
EN 50173 (series), Information technology – Generic cabling systems
EN 50174 (series), Information technology - Cabling installation

EN 50174-2:2018, Information technology - Cabling installation - Part 2: Installation planning and

practices inside buildings

EN 50174-3, Information technology - Cabling installation - Part 3: Installation planning and practices

outside buildings

EN 50310:2016, Telecommunications bonding networks for buildings and other structures

3 Definitions, abbreviations and symbology
3.1 Definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in the EN 50173 series and

EN 50174 series and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
3.1.1
common bonding network

set of interconnected conductive structures that combine the functions of a protective bonding network

and a telecommunications bonding network
[SOURCE: EN 50310:2016, 3.1.6]
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST-TP CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020
CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020 (E)
3.1.2
isolated bonding network

bonding network that has a single point of connection to either the common bonding network or

another isolated bonding network

Note 1 to entry: All IBNs considered here will have a connection to earth through the single point of connection.

3.2 Abbreviations

For the purposes of this technical report the following abbreviations apply in addition to those of the

EN 50173 series and EN 50174 series of standards.
BN Bonding Network
CBN Common Bonding Network
CMS cable management system
IBN Isolated Bonding Network
SRPP System Reference Potential Plane
4 Coupling mechanisms and countermeasures
4.1 General

Electromagnetic interference is transferred to installed telecommunications cabling by the following

coupling phenomena which can have adverse effects at different frequencies including:

— galvanic or common mode impedance coupling (see 4.2);
— capacitive coupling (see 4.3);
— inductive coupling (see 4.4);
— radiative coupling (see 4.5);
— low frequency fields (se 4.6).
4.2 Countermeasures against galvanic or common mode impedance coupling

Impedances in common mode current paths, if they cannot be avoided, should be kept as low as

possible.

The main countermeasures to minimize the effects of common mode impedance coupling are the

reduction of the:
a) common mode impedance;
b) amplitude of the disturbing currents.
4.3 Countermeasures against capacitive coupling
The main countermeasures to minimize the effects of capacitive coupling are:
a) Symmetrical transmission on balanced cabling

Conductors are exposed to the same electric field. Induced interfering voltages in both conductors

have the same polarity and amplitude; the wanted differential mode signal remains unaffected up

to a frequency dependent on the balance of the cabling. The interference appears as an

unwanted common mode signal. Depending on its common mode rejection ratio, the correct

operation of connected equipment is influenced by the presence of common mode voltages.

---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST-TP CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020
CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020 (E)

b) Screened cabling specially designed to mitigate electromagnetic interference if the cable screen

is:
— of low impedance;
— of large surface area;
— continuous along the cabling channel;
— bonded as detailed in EN 50174-2 and EN 50310.

NOTE At high frequencies the method of bonding of the screen at the ends of the cable is important. Even a

few centimetres of unscreened lead (pigtail) can compromise the screen effectiveness.

c) A cable management system (CMS) specially designed to mitigate electromagnetic interference if

it is:
— of low impedance;
— of large surface area;
— continuous along the cabling channel;
— bonded as detailed in EN 50174-2 and EN 50310.

NOTE Since the cable management system is fixed at earth potential via the bonding network, unwanted

electric charges cannot cause voltage rises.
4.4 Countermeasures against inductive coupling
The main countermeasures to minimize the effects of inductive couplings are:
a) Symmetrical transmission on balanced cabling

Conductors are twisted together making the surfaces of possible induction loops very small. Only

a few magnetic field lines penetrate these loops. Adjacent twists create induced voltages in phase

opposition which as a consequence cancel each other. The induced difference between the two

conductors approaches zero. However, a common mode disturbance is induced in the loop

formed with the (twisted) conductors and the bonding network. The influence on the equipment is

reduced by the common mode rejection of the connected port.
b) Screened cabling

The degree of protection against magnetic fields over a given frequency range provided by

screened cabling depends:
— upon the materials used in the screen;

— the bonding of the screen to the bonding network (BN) at the ends of the cable (see

EN 50174-2:2018, 4.7).

NOTE In general, no effective protection against magnetic fields is given if the screen of the cable is not

bonded in accordance with EN 50310. Exceptions to this rule exist e.g. when the unconnected cable screen

is placed on the surface of or near to a system reference potential plane (SRPP).

c) Metallic or composite CMS specially designed for to mitigate electromagnetic interference

The degree of protection against magnetic fields over a given frequency range provided depends

upon:
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST-TP CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020
CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020 (E)
— the material used in the CMS and its thickness;
— the bonding of the elements of the CMS;
— the bonding of the CMS to the BN.

The disturbing magnetic field also induces a current in the loop built up by CMS and the BN. This

current creates an opposite magnetic field which compensates the initial one.

A limited degree of protection can be obtained with a parallel earthing conductor (PEC). The PEC

principle is explained in IEC/TR 61000-5-3.

Both capacitive and inductive coupling exist simultaneously, the countermeasure applied should take

the effect of each contributor into account (unless one can be neglected).
4.5 Countermeasures against radiative coupling
The main countermeasures to minimize the effects of radiative coupling are:
a) Reduction of the antenna effect of the disturbed cable

Mitigation of the interference from the electric field to the cable can be achieved by:

— reducing the cable height h in Figure 1;

— installing the cable in CMS specially designed to mitigate electromagnetic interference;

— the use of PECs, filters or ferrite beads etc.
Figure 1 — Radiative coupling from the electric field
b) Reduction of the disturbed loop area
Mitigation of the interference from the field to the loop can be achieved by:
— reducing the cable height h in Figure 2;
— reducing the cable length l in Figure 2;
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST-TP CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020
CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020 (E)

— installing the cable in CMS specially designed to mitigate electromagnetic interference;

— the use of PECs, filters or ferrite beads etc.
Figure 2 — Radiative coupling from the magnetic field
c) The use of the Faraday cage principle:

A screened cable connected at both ends with the screening of the equipment is a possible

solution.

The equipment does not require to be bonded in order to prevent interference from high

frequencies. If the equipment is bonded, current loops should be avoided or at least minimized.

4.6 Protection against very low frequency fields
See EN 50174-2.
5 Assessment of the electromagnetic environment

The questions of Table 1 should be completed to provide a determination of the electromagnetic

environment. Table 2 should be used to complete the assessment based on the answers to the

questions of Table 1.
Table 1 — Assessment checklist
No. ASPECTS TO BE CONSIDERED YES NO COMMENT
1 Building
1a) Existing building? Δ Ο
1b) New building projected? Δ Ο
1c) New building existing? Δ Ο
1d) New and existing building mixed? Δ Ο
1e) Hospital? Δ Ο
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST-TP CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020
CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020 (E)
No. ASPECTS TO BE CONSIDERED YES NO COMMENT
2 Power distribution system
2a) TN-S? Ο Ο Best solution
2b) TN-C-S? Δ Ο
2c) TN-C? Δ Ο
2d) TT? Δ Ο
2e) IT? Δ Ο
3 Disturbing sources
3a) Transformer station? Δ Ο
3b) Proximity to electrical traction (e.g. railways)? Δ Ο
3c) Proximity to high voltage power lines? Δ Ο
3d) Arc welders? Δ Ο
3e) Frequency induction heaters? Δ Ο
3f) Transmitting equipment (radio, television, wireless telephone and Δ Ο
radar)?
3g) a Ο Δ
Does the installed equipment comply with relevant EMC
Standards?
3h) Power supply cables screened? Δ Ο
3i) Proximity to coaxial or unbalanced cabling? Δ Ο
4 Additional customer requirements
4a) Very sensitive application(s)? Δ Ο
4b) Hospital environment? Δ Ο
5 Structure of the existing and/or future bonding network
5a) Mesh topology, CBN or meshed BN? Ο
5b) Star topology, IBN or meshed IBN? Δ
5c) More than one answer a), b), c)? Δ
6 CMS
6a) Telecommunications cabling parallel to power supply cables? Δ Ο
6b) Plastic or metallic CMS (see EN 50174-2:2018, Clause 6) Δ Ο Plastic
Δ Ο Metallic
6c) Plastic or metallic separation between telecommunications Δ Δ Plastic
cabling and power supply cables? (see EN 50174-2:2018, Ο Δ Metallic
Clause 6)
6d) Are the metallic or composite CMS, specially designed for Ο Δ
electromagnetic screening, bonded repeatedly or at least at both
ends?
6e) Is the cabling between buildings carried out with metallic cables? Δ Ο
Key: Ο = No action required, Δ = See Table 2

This refers not only to the connected equipment but also to other equipment in the environment (e.g. copiers, fluorescent

and LED lighting).
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST-TP CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020
CLC/TR 50174-99-2:2020 (E)
Table 2 — Actions resulting from the answers of Table 1
No. Subject
1 Building
1a) Existing building?

Yes Old buildings have the highest probability of critical electricity distribution systems and the

earthing and bonding system is based on very old concepts. In addition, some of the older

buildings are protected by special laws which do not allow all actions to be performed in the

building. For example: Drilling of holes is not
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.