Recommendations for small renewable energy and hybrid systems for rural electrification - Part 12-1: Selection of self-ballasted lamps (CFL) for rural electrification systems and recommendations for household lighting equipment

Proposes comparative tests that could be particularly useful for project implementers to test in laboratories of developing countries the capability of products to be used for their project. The tests can be performed locally, as close as possible of the real site operating conditions. Additionally gives some recommendations in order to enhance the performances or effectiveness of the lighting sources using a luminaire.

Priporočila za sisteme malih obnovljivih virov energije in hibridne sisteme za elektrifikacijo podeželja - 12-1. del: Izbira sijalk z lastno dušilko (CFL) za sisteme elektrifikacije podeželja in priporočila za izvedbo osvetlitve v gospodinjstvih

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Not Published
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Start Date
21-Jun-2007

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TS IEC/TS 62257-12-1:2008
01-junij-2008
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HOHNWULILNDFLMRSRGHåHOMDGHO,]ELUDVLMDON]ODVWQRGXãLONR &)/ ]DVLVWHPH

HOHNWULILNDFLMHSRGHåHOMDLQSULSRURþLOD]DL]YHGERRVYHWOLWYHYJRVSRGLQMVWYLK

Recommendations for small renewable energy and hybrid systems for rural electrification

- Part 12-1: Selection of self-ballasted lamps (CFL) for rural electrification systems and

recommendations for household lighting equipment
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:
ICS:
27.190 Biološki viri in drugi Biological sources and
alternativni viri energije alternative sources of energy
29.140.30 )OXRUHVFHQþQHVLMDONH6LMDONH Fluorescent lamps.
Discharge lamps
SIST-TS IEC/TS 62257-12-1:2008 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
TECHNICAL IEC
SPECIFICATION TS 62257-12-1
First edition
2007-06
Recommendations for small renewable energy
and hybrid systems for rural electrification –
Part 12-1:
Selection of self-ballasted lamps (CFL) for rural
electrification systems and recommendations
for household lighting equipment
PRICE CODE
Commission Electrotechnique Internationale R
International Electrotechnical Commission
МеждународнаяЭлектротехническаяКомиссия
For price, see current catalogue
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
– 2 – TS 62257-12-1 © IEC:2007(E)
CONTENTS

FOREWORD...........................................................................................................................3

INTRODUCTION.....................................................................................................................5

1 Scope...............................................................................................................................6

2 Normative references .......................................................................................................7

3 Terms and definitions .......................................................................................................7

4 Comparative tests for the selection of integral compact fluorescent lamps........................9

4.1 Performance criteria ................................................................................................9

4.2 Comparative tests .................................................................................................10

4.2.1 Method of measuring lamp characteristics .................................................10

4.2.2 Phase A: identification of potentially acceptable models of lamps ..............10

4.2.3 Phase B: electrical test..............................................................................10

4.2.4 Phase C: Luminous efficacy test................................................................12

Annex A (informative) Recommendations for luminaires.......................................................14

Annex B (normative) Device for illuminance measurement ...................................................17

Annex C (informative) Test circuits (examples) ....................................................................18

Bibliography..........................................................................................................................19

Figure 1 – Lamps selection test programme............................................................................9

Figure 2 – Electrical characteristics test sequences ..............................................................11

Figure 3 – Luminous efficacy test sequences........................................................................12

Figure B.1 – Outlines for a testing device for lamps ..............................................................17

Figure C.1 – Suggested test circuit for Phase B ....................................................................18

Figure C.2 – Suggested test circuit for Phase C....................................................................18

Table 1 – Tests list ...............................................................................................................10

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
TS 62257-12-1 © IEC:2007(E) – 3 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SMALL RENEWABLE ENERGY AND
HYBRID SYSTEMS FOR RURAL ELECTRIFICATION –
Part 12-1: Selection of self-ballasted lamps (CFL) for rural electrification
systems and recommendations for household lighting equipment
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC provides no marking procedure to indicate its approval and cannot be rendered responsible for any

equipment declared to be in conformity with an IEC Publication.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

The main task of IEC technical committees is to prepare International Standards. In

exceptional circumstances, a technical committee may propose the publication of a technical

specification when

• the required support cannot be obtained for the publication of an International Standard,

despite repeated efforts, or

• the subject is still under technical development or where, for any other reason, there is the

future but no immediate possibility of an agreement on an International Standard.

Technical specifications are subject to review within three years of publication to decide

whether they can be transformed into International Standards.

IEC 62257-12-1, which is a technical specification, has been prepared by IEC technical

committee 82: Solar photovoltaic energy systems.
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
– 4 – TS 62257-12-1 © IEC:2007(E)

This part of IEC 62257 is based on IEC/PAS 62111 (1999); it cancels and replaces the

relevant parts of IEC /PAS 62111.
This technical specification is to be used in conjunction with IEC 62257 series.
The text of this technical specification is based on the following documents:
Enquiry draft Report on voting
82/464/DTS 82/478/RVC

Full information on the voting for the approval of this technical specification can be found in

the report on voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

A list of all parts of the IEC 62257 series, under the general title Recommendations for small

renewable energy and hybrid systems for rural electrification, can be found on the IEC

website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

the maintenance result date indicated on the IEC web site under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in

the data related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be

• transformed into an International Standard,
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
A bilingual version of this publication may be issued at a later date.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
TS 62257-12-1 © IEC:2007(E) – 5 –
INTRODUCTION

The IEC 62257 series intends to provide to different players involved in rural electrification

projects (such as project implementers, project contractors, project supervisors, installers,

etc.) documents for the setting up of renewable energy and hybrid systems with a.c. voltage

below 500 V, d.c. voltage below 750 V and power below 100 kVA.
These documents are recommendations:
• to choose the right system for the right place,
• to design the system,
• to operate and maintain the system.

These documents are focused only on rural electrification concentrating on but not specific to

developing countries. They must not be considered as all inclusive to rural electrification. The

documents try to promote the use of renewable energies in rural electrification; they do not

deal with clean mechanisms developments at this time (CO emission, carbon credit, etc.).

Further developments in this field could be introduced in future steps.

This consistent set of documents is best considered as a whole with different parts

corresponding to items for safety, sustainability of systems and at the lowest life cycle cost as

possible. One of the main objectives is to provide the minimum sufficient requirements,

relevant to the field of application that is: small renewable energy and hybrid off-grid systems.

The purpose of this part of IEC 62257 is to compile specifications and recommendations for

lighting materials, involved in decentralized rural electrification.

This document is also linked to other parts of IEC 62257 series namely IEC 62257-1, IEC

62257-2 to IEC 62257-6 and IEC 62257-7 to IEC 62257-13.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
– 6 – TS 62257-12-1 © IEC:2007(E)
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SMALL RENEWABLE ENERGY AND
HYBRID SYSTEMS FOR RURAL ELECTRIFICATION –
Part 12-1: Selection of self-ballasted lamps (CFL) for rural electrification
systems and recommendations for household lighting equipment
1 Scope

Decentralized Rural Electrification Systems (DRES) are designed to supply electric power to

sites which are not connected to a large interconnected system, or a national grid.

As described in the IEC 62257-1, these systems include:
• an electrical power production subsystem;

• a secondary grid for sharing/distributing this power, when the system is a collective

electrification system (microgrid);

• a subsystem for utilizing this electrical power as a demand subsystem including the in-

house wiring and user’s electrical appliances.

In many situations, lighting is the most expected application of the rural electrification process

and the first application that the users may afford.

For a given lighting performance, the electrical characteristics of the lamps may vary,

particularly the power factor and the harmonic content.

On large grids, the impact of these characteristics is generally not a major issue. In the

context of the electrification systems considered in the IEC 62257 series, the main

applications are lighting and TV. In these small systems, the power factor and the harmonic

content of the supplied appliances have a high impact on the design and the sizing of the

production and distribution subsystems as well as on the quality of the service provided.

Project implementers cannot afford an over-sizing of any part of the system. For this reason,

they have to make sure that the selected appliances have characteristics which do not

adversely affect the cost of the equipment necessary to provide the quality of service required

by the General Specification of the project.

Some relevant products are available on the market (high power factor and low harmonic

content).The purpose of this technical specification is to help project implementers to

discriminate, in a potential sourcing panel, the models of lamps which could have the lowest

impact on the whole system (generation and distribution subsystems).
This specification deals with integral compact fluorescent technology lamps:
• power less than 60 W;
• with an Edison screw E27 or bayonet B22 cap;
• with nominal voltage from 100 V to 250 V a.c.

IEC 60969 specifies the performance requirements together with the test methods and

conditions required to show compliance of tubular fluorescent and other gas-discharge lamps

with integrated means for controlling starting and stable operation (self-ballasted lamps)

intended for domestic and similar general lighting purpose. This specification must be

considered as the reference for the manufacturers.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
TS 62257-12-1 © IEC:2007(E) – 7 –

This technical specification proposes comparative tests that could be particularly useful for

project implementers to test in laboratories of developing countries the capability of products

to be used for their project. The tests can be performed locally, as close as possible of the

real site operating conditions. This technical specification does not cover other lamp

technologies (e.g. d.c. lamps, leds, etc ) however similar principles can be used for such

comparative testing.

Additionally some recommendations are suggested in Annex A in order to enhance the

performances or effectiveness of the lighting sources using a luminaire.

This specification is not a type approval standard. It is a technical specification to be used as

guidelines and does not replace any existing IEC standard on lamps.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document.

For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition

of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
IEC 60598-1, Luminaires – Part 1: General requirements and tests

IEC 60598-2-1, Luminaires – Part 2: Particular requirements. Section One: Fixed general

purpose luminaires
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
illuminance (of an elementary surface) (symbol E)

the luminous flux received by an elementary surface divided by the area of this surface

NOTE In the SI system of units illuminance is expressed in lux (lx) or lumens per square metre (lm/m ).

[IEV 723-08-30]
3.2
environmental conditions
characteristics such as e
...

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