Intelligent transport systems — Roadside modules AP-DATEX data interface — Part 1: Overview

Field devices are a key component in intelligent transport systems (ITS). Field devices include traffic signals, message signs, weather stations, traffic sensors, roadside equipment for connected ITS (C-ITS) environments, etc. Field devices often need to exchange information with other external entities. Field devices can be quite complex, necessitating the standardization of many data concepts for exchange. As such, the ISO 22741 series is divided into several individual Parts. This document (Part 1) introduces the ISO 22741 series and provides normative content that applies to the rest of the series.

Systèmes de transport intelligents — Interface de données AP-DATEX pour les modules en bord de route — Partie 1: Vue d'ensemble

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Status
Published
Publication Date
07-Feb-2022
Current Stage
5060 - Close of voting Proof returned by Secretariat
Completion Date
08-Jan-2022
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 22741-1
First edition
2022-02
Intelligent transport systems —
Roadside modules AP-DATEX data
interface —
Part 1:
Overview
Systèmes de transport intelligents — Interface de données AP-DATEX
pour les modules en bord de route —
Partie 1: Vue d'ensemble
Reference number
ISO 22741-1:2022(E)
© ISO 2022
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 22741-1:2022(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2022

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on

the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below

or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 22741-1:2022(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

5 Conformance ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

6 Conventions ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

7 Architecture.............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

7.1 ITS services ...................................................................... .......................................................................................................................... 4

7.2 ISO 22741 series architecture ................................................................................................................................................... 4

8 User needs ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

9 Requirements .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

9.1 Features ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

9.2 Identifiable requirements ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

9.3 Structure of data exchange requirements ..................................................................................................................... 5

10 Dialogues ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

10.1 Generic dialogues ................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

10.2 Requesting information ................................................................................................................................................................. 5

10.3 Publication of information ........................................................................................................................................................... 5

11 Security .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

11.1 Authentication ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

11.2 Encryption .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

11.3 Security recommendation ............................................................................................................................................................ 6

Annex A (normative) Data packet structures ............................................................................................................................................ 7

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

iii
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 22741-1:2022(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 204, Intelligent transport systems.

A list of all parts in the ISO 22741 series series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 22741-1:2022(E)
Introduction
0.1 Background

The need for standardized communication with field devices is growing around the world. Several

countries have already adopted application profile data exchange (AP-DATEX)-based field device

communication standards.

There is a growing opinion, supported by empirical evidence, that standardizing this activity will result

in improved intelligent transport service (ITS) performance, reduced cost, reduced deployment time

and improved maintainability. The ISO 22741 series extends ISO 15784-3 by defining the management

information necessary to monitor, configure and control features of field devices. The data elements

defined in all parts of the ISO 22741 series may be used with any protocol, but were designed with an

expectation that they would be used with one of the ISO 15784-3 protocols.

By using the approach described in this document, agencies can specify open procurements and

systems can be expanded geographically in an open and non-proprietary manner, which reduces the

costs, speeds and deployment, and simplifies the integration.
0.2 Overview

The AP-DATEX specified in ISO 15784-3, the International Standard for communication between traffic

management centres and field devices for traffic management, is suitable for use in the following cases:

a) Intelligent field devices with advanced functions communicate with the centre system each in

equal relation.
b) The exchanged data have a large size and relatively fixed structure.

c) The deterministic real time feature is not required but the efficient data exchange is required.

d) Field devices communicate with not only the centre system but also other field devices

simultaneously.

This document defines management information for field devices following the AP-DATEX conventions.

0.3 Document approach and layout
This document defines:

a) terminology and symbols used throughout the various parts of the ISO 22741 series (Clauses 3 and

4);

b) how conformance is defined in subsequent parts of the ISO 22741 series (Clause 5);

c) conventions used throughout the various parts of the ISO 22741 series (Clause 6);

d) the ITS architectural services defined in ISO 14813-1 that are addressed by the ISO 22741 series

(Clause 7);

e) the rules used by other parts of the ISO 22741 series in defining the user needs that drive the

definition of requirements (Clause 8);

f) the rules used by other parts of the ISO 22741 series in defining requirements and constraints

(Clause 9);

g) a set of generic dialogues that are referenced by other parts of the ISO 22741 series (Clause 10);

h) a discussion of security that applies to all devices conforming to the ISO 22741 series (Clause 11);

i) the data packet structures for the features defined by this document (Annex A).

© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 22741-1:2022(E)
0.4 Applicable environment

As depicted in Figure 1, all parts of the ISO 22741 series are intended to address data exchanges

between:

1) a management centre (traffic or otherwise) and a field device (roadside module), or

2) two field devices.
Key
1 interface
2 interface in the scope of this document
Figure 1 — Example of this AP-Scenario

Subsequent parts of the ISO 22741 series define needs, requirements and design details for various field

device capabilities.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 22741-1:2022(E)
Intelligent transport systems — Roadside modules AP-
DATEX data interface —
Part 1:
Overview
1 Scope

Field devices are a key component in intelligent transport systems (ITS). Field devices include traffic

signals, message signs, weather stations, traffic sensors, roadside equipment for connected ITS (C-ITS)

environments, etc.

Field devices often need to exchange information with other external entities. Field devices can be quite

complex, necessitating the standardization of many data concepts for exchange. As such, the ISO 22741

series is divided into several individual Parts. This document (Part 1) introduces the ISO 22741 series

and provides normative content that applies to the rest of the series.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 15784-3, Intelligent transport systems (ITS) — Data exchange involving roadside modules

communication — Part 3: Application profile-data exchange (AP-DATEX)

ISO 14827-2, Transport information and control systems — Data interfaces between centres for transport

information and control systems — Part 2: DATEX-ASN
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
ISO and IEC maintain terminology
...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/FDIS
DRAFT
STANDARD 22741-1
ISO/TC 204
Intelligent transport systems —
Secretariat: ANSI
Roadside modules AP-DATEX data
Voting begins on:
2021-11-12 interface —
Voting terminates on:
Part 1:
2022-01-07
Overview
Systèmes de transport intelligents — Interface de données AP-DATEX
pour les modules en bord de route —
Partie 1: Vue d'ensemble
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO-
ISO/FDIS 22741-1:2021(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN-
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. © ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 22741-1:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on

the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below

or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 22741-1:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

5 Conformance ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

6 Conventions ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

7 Architecture.............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

7.1 ITS services ...................................................................... .......................................................................................................................... 4

7.2 ISO 22741 series architecture ................................................................................................................................................... 4

8 User needs ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

9 Requirements .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

9.1 Features ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

9.2 Identifiable requirements ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

9.3 Structure of data exchange requirements ..................................................................................................................... 5

10 Dialogues ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

10.1 Generic dialogues ................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

10.2 Requesting information ................................................................................................................................................................. 5

10.3 Publication of information ........................................................................................................................................................... 5

11 Security .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

11.1 Authentication ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

11.2 Encryption .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

11.3 Security recommendation ............................................................................................................................................................ 6

Annex A (normative) Data packet structures ............................................................................................................................................ 7

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

iii
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 22741-1:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 204, Intelligent transport systems.

A list of all parts in the ISO 22741 series series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 22741-1:2021(E)
Introduction
0.1 Background

The need for standardized communication with field devices is growing around the world. Several

countries have already adopted application profile data exchange (AP-DATEX) based field device

communication standards.

There is a growing opinion, supported by empirical evidence, that standardizing this activity will result

in improved intelligent transport service (ITS) performance, reduced cost, reduced deployment time,

and improved maintainability. The ISO 22741 series extends ISO 15784-3 by defining the management

information necessary to monitor, configure and control features of field devices. The data elements

defined in all parts of the ISO 22741 series may be used with any protocol, but were designed with an

expectation that they would be used with one of the ISO 15784-3 protocols.

By using the approach described in this document, agencies can specify open procurements and

systems can be expanded geographically in an open and non-proprietary manner, which reduces the

costs, speeds and deployment, and simplifies the integration.
0.2 Overview

The AP-DATEX specified in ISO 15784-3, the International Standard for communication between traffic

management centres and field devices for traffic management, is suitable for use in the following cases:

a) the intelligent field devices with advanced functions communicate with the centre system each in

equal relation;
b) the exchanged data have a large size and relatively fixed structure;

c) the deterministic real time feature is not required but the efficient data exchange is required;

d) field devices communicate with not only the centre system but also other field devices

simultaneously.

This document defines management information for field devices following the AP-DATEX conventions.

0.3 Document approach and layout
This document defines:

a) terminology and symbols used throughout the various parts of the ISO 22741 series (Clauses 3 and

4);

b) how conformance is defined in subsequent parts of the ISO 22741 series (Clause 5);

c) conventions used throughout the various parts of the ISO 22741 series (Clause 6);

d) the ITS architectural services defined in ISO 14813-1 that are addressed by the ISO 22741 series

(Clause 7);

e) the rules used by other parts of the ISO 22741 series in defining the user needs that drive the

definition of requirements (Clause 8);

f) the rules used by other parts of the ISO 22741 series in defining requirements and constraints

(Clause 9);

g) a set of generic dialogues that are referenced by other parts of the ISO 22741 series (Clause 10);

h) a discussion of security that applies to all devices conforming to the ISO 22741 series (Clause 11);

i) the data packet structures for the features defined by this document (Annex A).

0.3 Applicable environment
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 22741-1:2021(E)

As depicted in Figure 1, all parts of the ISO 22741 series are intended to address data exchanges

between:

1) a management centre (traffic or otherwise) and a field device (roadside module), or

2) two field devices.
Key
1 interface
2 interface in the scope of this document
Figure 1 — Example of this AP-Scenario

Subsequent parts of the ISO 22741 series define needs, requirements and design details for various field

device capabilities.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
FINAL DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/FDIS 22741-1:2021(E)
Intelligent transport systems — Roadside modules AP-
DATEX data interface —
Part 1:
Overview
1 Scope

Field devices are a key component in intelligent transport systems (ITS). Field devices include traffic

signals, message signs, weather stations, traffic sensors, roadside equipment for connected ITS (C-ITS)

environments, etc.

Field devices often need to exchange information with other external entities. Field devices can be quite

complex, necessitating the standardization of many data concepts for exchange. As such, the ISO 22741

series is divided into several individual Parts. This document (Part 1) introduces the ISO 22741 series

and provides normative content that applies to the rest of the series.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 15784-3, Intelligent transport systems (ITS) — Data exchange involving roadside modules

communication — Part 3: Application profile-data exchange (AP-DATEX)
...

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