Ships and marine technology -- Marine environment protection -- Tanks and piping systems for facilitating 5 ppm oil-water separation

This document provides requirements and test methods for tanks, piping and separation systems facilitating the separation of contaminated fluids of oil and water on fixed offshore marine structures and ships, where treatment is performed by separation systems that optimize oil-water separation to a concentration equal to or less than 5 ppm. It is applicable to fixed offshore marine structures and to ships operating in designated sea areas determined by the relevant authorities.

Navires et technologie maritime -- Protection de l'environnement marin -- Réservoirs et systèmes de systèmes de tuyauterie utilisés pour faciliter la séparation entre le pétrole et l'eau à 5 ppm

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
17-Sep-2020
Current Stage
5060 - Close of voting Proof returned by Secretariat
Start Date
18-Aug-2020
Completion Date
17-Aug-2020
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 21963
First edition
2020-09
Ships and marine technology —
Marine environment protection
— Tanks and piping systems for
facilitating 5 ppm oil-water separation
Navires et technologie maritime — Protection de l'environnement
marin — Réservoirs et systèmes de systèmes de tuyauterie utilisés
pour faciliter la séparation entre le pétrole et l'eau à 5 ppm
Reference number
ISO 21963:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 21963:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 21963:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Technical specifications ................................................................................................................................................................................ 1

4.1 Oil-water separation equipment (OWSE) ........................................................................................................................ 1

4.2 5 ppm OWS ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.3 Oil content meter (OCM) ................................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.4 Automatic discharge stopping device (ADSD) ............................................................................................................. 4

4.5 Electric and electronic systems ................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.6 Heating facilities .................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5 Installation requirements........................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.1 5 ppm OWS ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.2 Oil content meter (OCM) ................................................................................................................................................................ 5

5.3 Automatic discharge stopping device (ADSD) ............................................................................................................. 5

6 Testing of the 5 ppm OWS ............................................................................................................................................................................ 5

Annex A (informative) Examples of schematic diagrams for the management

of oil‑water effluents on fixed offshore marine structures ...................................................................................... 6

Annex B (normative) Testing of 5 ppm OWS................................................................................................................................................. 8

Annex C (normative) Environmental testing for the switchboard of the OWSE ...................................................18

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................20

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 21963:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see

w w w . is o . or g / is o/ f or ewor d . ht m l .

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 8, Ships and marine technology,

Subcommittee SC 2, Marine environment protection.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 21963:2020(E)
Introduction

Marine environment protection is required by national, regional and international regulations.

The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution by Ships (MARPOL) was adopted in 1973 and

it has been regularly updated by amendments made by the Marine Environment Protection Committee

(MEPC) of the International Maritime Organization (IMO). MARPOL is the legal basis for the prevention

of marine pollution. MARPOL requires the installation of oil-water separation systems to treat fluids

consisting of mixtures of oil and water generated on board ships.

On fixed offshore marine structures (e.g. converter stations and transformer substations of offshore

wind turbines), oil-in-water emulsions, oily mixtures of surface water, fuel and lubrication oil, and many

other substances covered by regulations might spill or otherwise cause hazards. Hence there is a need

to separate these mixtures to an oil concentration of less than what is currently required by MARPOL.

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 21963:2020(E)
Ships and marine technology — Marine environment
protection — Tanks and piping systems for facilitating 5
ppm oil-water separation
1 Scope

This document provides requirements and test methods for tanks, piping and separation systems

facilitating the separation of contaminated fluids of oil and water on fixed offshore marine structures

and ships, where treatment is performed by separation systems that optimize oil-water separation to a

concentration equal to or less than 5 ppm.

It is applicable to fixed offshore marine structures and to ships operating in designated sea areas

determined by the relevant authorities.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 8217, Petroleum products — Fuels (class F) — Specifications of marine fuels

ISO 9377-2, Water quality — Determination of hydrocarbon oil index — Part 2: Method using solvent

extraction and gas chromatography
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
parts per million
ppm
number of parts of oil per one million parts of water, expressed by volume
Note 1 to entry: 1 ppm equals to 1 μl of oil per 1 l of water.
3.2
ppm display
numerical scale display of the parts per million (3.1)
4 Technical specifications
4.1 Oil-water separation equipment (OWSE)

Oil-water separation equipment (OWSE) installed on fixed offshore marine structures shall be

constructed suitable for offshore use.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 21963:2020(E)
The OWSE shall comprise:
— an oil-water separator (5 ppm OWS);
— a 5 ppm oil content meter (5 ppm OCM); and
— an automatic discharge stopping device (ADSD).

If intended to be fitted in locations where flammable atmospheres can be present, OWSE are expected

to comply with the relevant safety regulations for such spaces. Any electrical or electronic equipment

which is part of the 5 ppm oil-water separation equipment shall be either intended and designated for

use in non-hazardous areas, or, if intended to be used in hazardous areas, it shall be type-approved by

the Administrations or recognized organizations on their behalf as safe for use in hazardous areas.

Figure 1 shows an example of the functional layout of an OWSE.

The OWSE shall be resistant to corrosion and to other conditions of the marine environment where it

is in use.
The OCM may include an oil content alarm.

An example of a schematic plan for the management of oil-in-water effluents in fixed marine offshore

structures is shown in Figure A.1.

An example of a schematic diagram for the management of the separation and treatment of oil-in-water

effluents on fixed marine structures is shown in Figure A.2.

Fixed offshore marine structures or ships fitted with an OWSE shall, at all times, have a copy of the

operating and maintenance manuals available.
2 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 21963:2020(E)
Key
1 5 ppm OWS 8 ADSD
2 mixture inlet, filling and rinsing (oil-free water) 9 sampling location

3 discharge treated water, oil <5 ppm into the sea 10 back to bilge water holding tank or bilge

4 discharge separated media into waste oil tank 11 OCM
5 manual recirculation facility or valve for testing 12 flushing water inlet
(inherently safe)
13 back to bilge water holding tank or bilge
6 discharge for testing 14 flow switch controller
7 recirculation water, oil >5 ppm
Figure 1 — Example of functional layout of an OWSE
4.2 5 ppm OWS

The 5 ppm OWS shall be designed to reduce the oil content in an oil-in-water mixture to a volume

concentration equal to or less than 5 ppm.

The 5 ppm OWS shall be so designed that it functions automatically. However, fail-safe arrangements to

avoid any discharge in case of malfunction shall be provided.

The 5 ppm OWS may include any combination of a separator utilizing gravity separation, filtration, and

coalescence to produce an effluent with an oil content not exceeding 5 ppm by volume.

The 5 ppm OWS shall utilize a continuous automatic process and shall indicate when it is in operation. It

shall be capable of continuous operation for at least 24 h or normal duty without attention.

All parts of the 5 ppm OWS which are subject to wear and tear shall be easily accessible for maintenance.

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO 21963:2020(E)
4.3 Oil content meter (OCM)

The OCM shall be able to measure the oil content in the water mixture with a resolution of 1 ppm and

shall provide a ppm display. The ppm reading shall not be affected by emulsions and/or the type of oil.

The OCM shall give an alarm signal if the oil content exceeds 5 ppm in the effluent. The response time

of the OCM, that is the duration between a deviation in the sample being supplied to the OCM and the

display showing the current oil content (ppm), shall not exceed 5 s.

If the OCM is flushed with water for more than 5 s, the system shall create an alarm.

The accuracy of the OCM shall be checked at least every 5 years according to the manufacturer's

instructions. Alternatively, the unit may be replaced by a calibrated OCM. The calibration certificate for

the OCM, certifying the date of the last calibration check, shall be retained on the fixed offshore marine

installation for inspection purposes. The accuracy checks can only be done by the manufacturer or duly

authorized entity.

The bilge alarm shall record date, time and alarm status, and operating status of the OWS. The recording

device shall also store data for at least eighteen months and shall be able to display or print a protocol

for official inspections as required. In the event the bilge alarm is replaced, means shall be provided to

ensure the data recorded remains available on board for 18 months.

To avoid willful manipulation of the bilge alarms, every access of the bilge alarm requires the breaking

of a seal.

The alarm is always activated even when clean water is used for cleaning or zeroing purposes.

[2]
The Administration shall require the type approval of the 5 ppm OCM .
4.4 Automatic discharge stopping device (ADSD)

The ADSD shall stop automatically any discharge overboard of the oily mixture if the content of the

effluent exceeds 5 ppm measured by the OCM, or when failure of the OCM occurs.

The ADSD shall consist of a valve arrangement, installed in the effluent outlet line of the 5 ppm OWS,

which diverts the effluent mixture from being discharged overboard back to the source or other tank if

the free oil content of the effluent exceeds the pre-set value.
4.5 Electric and electronic systems

The switchboard of the OWSE shall be type-approved by the Administration or recognized organization

on their behalf in accordance with Annex C of this document.
4.6 Heating facilities

If the OWSE is fitted with heating facilities to retain the oil in it to a maximum of 40 °C by any process,

the certificate of type approval shall be endorsed with the following statement:
"The 5 ppm OWSE is fitted with heating facility"
5 Installation requirements
5.1 5 ppm OWS

For inspection purposes, a sampling point shall be provided at a position in a vertical section of the

water effluent piping as close as is practicable to the 5 ppm OWS outlet. Recirculation facilities shall be

provided, after and adjacent to the overboard outlet of the stopping device, to enable the OWSE system

to be tested with the overboard discharge closed (see Figure 1).
4 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO 21963:2020(E)

The recirculating facility shall be so configured as to prevent, under all operating conditions, any by-

pass of the OWS.

The capacity of the supply pump shall not exceed 90 % of the rated capacity of the 5 ppm OWS.

The OWS shall be fitted with a permanently attached nameplate giving any operational or installation

limits considered necessary by the manufacturer.
5.2 Oil content meter (OCM)

The arrangement for the monitoring of the OWS discharge line to the OCM shall give a representative

sample of the effluent with an adequate pressure and flow.
5.3 Automatic discharge stopping device (ADSD)

The layout of the installation shall be arranged so that the overall response time, including the response

time of the OCM between an effluent discharge from the OWS exceeding 5 ppm and the operation of the

ADSD preventing overboard discharge, shall be as short as possible and in any case not more than 20 s.

6 Testing of the 5 ppm OWS
The OWS shall be tested in accordance with Annex B.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 5
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO 21963:2020(E)
Annex A
(informative)
Examples of schematic diagrams for the management
of oil‑water effluents on fixed offshore marine structures
Key
1 transformer/converter room 9 holding tank for separated oil
2 collection pan 10 collector tank for extinguishing agent
3 oil cooler 11 rain water
4 engine room 12 bilge water
5 helicopter deck 13 surface water
6 collection pan 14 extinguishing agent
7 holding tank 15 clean water with residual oil ≤5 ppm
8 OWSE

Figure A.1 — Example of a schematic plan for the management of oil‑in‑water effluents

6 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO 21963:2020(E)
Key
1 5 ppm OWS 9 rinsing water/no drinking water
2 OCM 10 tank drains
3 bilge in engine room 11 recirculation
4 holding tank (bilge water tank) 12 pipeline for sludge into a sludge tank
5 outlet to function test of ADSD 13 bottom inclination ≥10 degrees
6 treated water, oil content ≤5 ppm 14 emergency bilge pipeline
7 sampling 15 non-return valve
8 separated oil 16 filling and rinsing/no drinking water
Figure A.2 — Example of schematic diagram of oil‑in‑water effluents systems
in the machinery space of fixed offshore marine structures and ships
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 7
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO 21963:2020(E)
Annex B
(normative)
Testing of 5 ppm OWS
B.1 General
This annex specifies the test procedures of 5 ppm OWS.

The 5 ppm OWS shall be tested using the test rig described in B.2 and the test fluids described in B.3 in

accordance with the test procedures specified in B.4. The effluent out from the 5 ppm OWS under these

tests shall be examined, in particular the oil content, in accordance with the procedures specified in

B.5, and reported in the way presented in B.6.

Where a range of 5 ppm OWS of the same design, but of different capacities, requires certification in

accordance with these specifications, the tests may be accept
...

DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
ISO/DIS 21963
ISO/TC 8/SC 2 Secretariat: ANSI
Voting begins on: Voting terminates on:
2019-07-10 2019-10-02
Ships and marine technology — Marine environment
protection — Tank and piping systems for facilitating 5
ppm oil water separation
ICS: 47.020.99; 13.020.99
THIS DOCUMENT IS A DRAFT CIRCULATED
FOR COMMENT AND APPROVAL. IT IS
THEREFORE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AND MAY
NOT BE REFERRED TO AS AN INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD UNTIL PUBLISHED AS SUCH.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL,
This document is circulated as received from the committee secretariat.
TECHNOLOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND
USER PURPOSES, DRAFT INTERNATIONAL
STANDARDS MAY ON OCCASION HAVE TO
BE CONSIDERED IN THE LIGHT OF THEIR
POTENTIAL TO BECOME STANDARDS TO
WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
Reference number
NATIONAL REGULATIONS.
ISO/DIS 21963:2019(E)
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED
TO SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS,
NOTIFICATION OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT
RIGHTS OF WHICH THEY ARE AWARE AND TO
PROVIDE SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION. ISO 2019
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 21963:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 21963:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Technical specifications ................................................................................................................................................................................ 1

4.1 Oil water separation equipment (OWSE) ........................................................................................................................ 1

4.2 5 ppm OWS ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.3 Oil content meter (OCM) ................................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.4 Automatic discharge stopping device ................................................................................................................................. 4

4.5 Electric and electronic systems ................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.6 Heating facilities .................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5 Installation requirements........................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.1 5 ppm OWS ......... ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.2 Oil content meter (OCM) ................................................................................................................................................................ 5

5.3 Automatic discharge stopping device (ADSD) ............................................................................................................. 5

6 Testing of the 5 ppm OWS ............................................................................................................................................................................ 5

Annex A (informative) Examples of schematic diagrams for management of oil water

effluent on fixed offshore marine structures .......................................................................................................................... 6

Annex B (normative) Testing of 5 ppm OWS................................................................................................................................................. 8

Annex C (normative) Environmental testing for the switchboard of the OWSE ...................................................18

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................20

© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 21963:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee 8, Ships and marine technology, Subcommittee 2,

Marine environment protection.
iv © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 21963:2019(E)
Introduction

Marine environment protection is required by law in accordance with national, regional and

international regulations.

The international Convention for the Prevention of Pollution by Ships (MARPOL) was adopted in 1973 and

it has been regularly updated by amendments made by the Marine Environment Protection Committee

(MEPC) of the International Maritime Organization (IMO). MARPOL is the legal basis for the prevention

of marine pollution. MARPOL requires the installation of oil water separation systems to treat fluids

consisting of mixtures of oil and water generated on board ships.

On fixed offshore marine structures, oil in water emulsions, oil mixtures of surface water, fuel and

lubrication oil and many other regulated substances arise. There is a desire to separate these mixtures

to a concentration less than what is currently required by MARPOL. This document addresses the

optimization of oil water separation to 5 ppm for fixed offshore marine structures and ships.

This document is also applicable to ships operating in designated sea areas determined by the relevant

authorities.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/DIS 21963:2019(E)
Ships and marine technology — Marine environment
protection — Tank and piping systems for facilitating 5
ppm oil water separation
1 Scope

This document provides requirements for tanks, piping and separation systems facilitating the

separation of contaminated fluids of oil and water on fixed offshore marine structures and ships.

Treatment is performed by separation systems that optimize oily water separation to a concentration

equal to or less than 5 ppm.

NOTE On fixed offshore marine installations (e.g. converter stations and transformer substations of offshore

wind turbines), oil-water emulations, oily mixtures, surface water, fuel and lubricating oil spills and similar

substances arise.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

IMO MEPC. 107(49), Revised guidelines and specifications for pollution prevention equipment for machinery

space bilges of ships
ISO 8217, Petroleum products — Fuels (class F) — Specifications of marine fuels

ISO 9377-2, Water quality — Determination of hydrocarbon oil index — Part 2: Method using solvent

extraction and gas chromatography

IEC 60092-502, Electrical installations in ships, Part 502: Tankers – Special features

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
parts per million
PPM
Parts of oil per million parts of water by volume
Note 1 to entry: 1 PPM equals one per million by volume.
3.2
PPM display
Numerical scale display of ppm oil content by volume
4 Technical specifications
4.1 Oil water separation equipment (OWSE)

Oil water separation equipment (OWSE) installed on fixed offshore marine structures shall be

constructed suitable for offshore use. OWSE may also apply to ships operating in designated sea areas

determined by the relevant authorities.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 21963:2019(E)
OWSE shall comprise:
— Oil water separator (5 ppm OWS)
— 5 ppm oil content meter (5 ppm OCM)
— Automatic discharge stopping device (ADSD)

OWSE shall, if intended to be fitted in locations where flammable atmospheres may be present, comply

with the relevant safety regulations for such spaces. Any electrical or electronic equipment which is

part of the 5 ppm oil water separation equipment shall be designated for use in non-hazardous areas, or

shall be type approved by the Administrations or recognized organizations on their behalf as safe for

use in hazardous areas.
Figure 1 shows an example of the functional layout of OWSE.

OWSE shall be resistant to corrosion and to other conditions of the marine environment where it is in use.

An OCM may include an oil contact alarm.

An example of a schematic plan for management of oil in water effluent in fixed marine offshore

structures is shown in Figure A.1 of Annex A.

An example of a schematic diagram for management of the separation and treatment of oil in water

effluent on fixed marine structures is shown in Figure A.2 of Annex A.

A fixed offshore marine structure or ships fitted with OWSE shall, at times, have a copy of the operating

and maintenance manuals available.
2 © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 21963:2019(E)
Key
1 5 ppm OWS 8 ADSD
2 mixture inlet, filling and rinsing (oil free water) 9 sampling location

3 discharge treated water, oil <5ppm into the sea 10 back to bilge water holding tank or bilge

4 discharge separated media into waste oil tank 11 OCM

5 manual recirculation facility or valve for testing (inherently safe)12 flushing water inlet

6 discharge for testing 13 drain
7 recirculation water, oil >5ppm 14 flow switch controller
Figure 1 — Example of functional layout of OWSE
4.2 5 ppm OWS

A 5 ppm OWS shall be designed to reduce the oil content in an oil-in-water mixture to a volume

concentration equal to or less than 5 ppm.

A 5 ppm OWS shall be so designed that it functions automatically. However, fail-safe arrangements to

avoid any discharge in case of malfunction shall be provided.

The 5 ppm OWS may include any combination of a separator utilizing gravity separation, filtration, and

coalescing to produce an effluent with an oil content not exceeding 5 ppm by volume.

The 5 ppm OWS shall utilize a continuous automatic process and shall indicate when it is in operation. It

shall be capable of continuous operation for at least 24 hours or normal duty without attention.

All parts of the 5 ppm OWS which are subject to wear and tear, as well, shall be easily accessible for

maintenance.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO/DIS 21963:2019(E)
4.3 Oil content meter (OCM)

An OCM shall be able to measure the oil content in the water mixture by a resolution of 1 ppm and

provide a ppm display. The ppm reading shall not be affected by emulsions and/or the type of oil.

An OCM shall give an alarm signal of the oil content exceeds 5 ppm in the effluent. The response time

of the OCM, that is the duration between a deviation in the sample being supplied to the OCM and the

display showing the current oil content (ppm) shall not exceed 5 s.

If the OCM is flushed with water for more than 5 s, the system shall create an alarm.

The accuracy of the OCM shall be checked at least every 5 years according to the manufacturer's

instructions. Alternatively, the unit may be replaced by a calibrated OCM. The calibration certificate for

the OCM, certifying the date of the last calibration check, shall be retained on the fixed offshore marine

installation for inspection purposes. The accuracy checks can only be done by the manufacturer or duly

authorized entity.
[2]
The Administration shall require the type approval of the 5 ppm OCM .
4.4 Automatic discharge stopping device

The ADSD shall stop automatically any discharge overboard of the oily mixture if the content of the

effluent exceeds 5 ppm measured by the OCM, or when failure of the OCM occurs.

The ADSD shall consist of a valve arrangement, installed in the effluent outlet line of the 5 ppm OWS,

which diverts the effluent mixture from being discharged overboard back to the source or other tank if

the free oil content of the effluent exceed the pre-set value.
4.5 Electric and electronic systems

The switchboard of OWSE shall be type approved by the Administration or recognized organization on

their behalf in accordance with Annex C of this document.
4.6 Heating facilities

If the OWSE is fitted with heating facilities to retain the oil in it to a maximum of 40°C by any process,

the certificate of type approval shall be endorsed with the following statement:
"The 5 ppm OWSE is fitted with heating facility"
5 Installation requirements
5.1 5 ppm OWS

For inspection purposes, a sampling point shall be provided at a position in a vertical section of the

water effluent piping as close as is practicable to the 5 ppm OWS outlet. Recirculation facilities shall be

provided, after and adjacent to the overboard outlet of the stopping device to enable the OWSE system

to be tested with the overboard discharge closed (see Figure 1).

The recirculating facility shall be so configured as to prevent under all operating conditions any by-

pass of the OWS.

The capacity of the supply pump shall not exceed 90% of the rated capacity of the 5 ppm OWS.

The OWS shall be fitted with a permanently attached nameplate giving any operational or installation

limits considered necessary by the manufacturer.
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ISO/DIS 21963:2019(E)
5.2 Oil content meter (OCM)

The arrangement for the monitoring of the OWS discharge line to the OCM shall give a representative

sample of the effluent with an adequate pressure and flow.
5.3 Automatic discharge stopping device (ADSD)

The layout of the installation shall be arranged such that the overall response time, including the

response time of the OCM between an effluent discharge from the OWS exceeding 5 ppm, and the

operation of the ADSD preventing overboard discharge, shall be a short as possible and in any case not

more than 20 s.
6 Testing of the 5 ppm OWS
The OWS shall be tested in accordance with Annex B.
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ISO/DIS 21963:2019(E)
Annex A
(informative)
Examples of schematic diagrams for management of oil water
effluent on fixed offshore marine structures
Key
1 transformer/converter room 9 holding tank for separated oil
2 collection pan 10 collector tank for extinguishing agent
3 oil cooler a rain water
4 engine room b bilge water
5 helicopter deck c surface water
6 collection pan d extinguishing agent
7 holding tank e clean water with residual oil ≤ 5 ppm
8 OWSE

Figure A.1 — An example of a schematic plan for management of oil in water effluent

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ISO/DIS 21963:2019(E)
Key
1 5 ppm OWS e rinsing water/no drinking water
2 OCM f tank drains
3 bilge in engine room g recirculation
4 holding tank (bilge water tank) h pipeline for sludge into a sludge tank
a outlet to function test of ADSD i bottom inclination ≥ 10 degrees
b treated water, oil content ≤ 5ppm j emergency bilge pipeline
c sampling k non-return valve
d separated oil l filling and rinsing/no drinking water

Figure A.2 — An example of schematic diagram of oil in water effluent system in the machinery

space of fixed offshore marine structures and ships
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ISO/DIS 21963:2019(E)
Annex B
(normative)
Testing of 5 ppm OWS
B.1 General
The Annex specifies the test procedures of 5 ppm OWS.

5 ppm OWS shall be tested using a test rig described in B.2 using test fluids described in B.3 with the test

procedures described in B.4. The effluent out from the 5 ppm OWS under these tests shall be examined,

in particular the oil content, using procedures descr
...

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