Textiles -- Tests for colour fastness

This document specifies the test method for determining the resistance of the colour of textiles of all kinds to rubbing off and staining other materials using convex specimen stage (Gakushin test method). Two test methods are specified, one with a dry rubbing cloth and one with a wet rubbing cloth. This document is applicable to textiles made from all kinds of fibres in the form of yarn or fabric, including textile floor coverings and other pile fabrics, whether dyed or printed.

Textiles -- Essais de solidité des coloris

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Status
Published
Publication Date
11-Aug-2020
Current Stage
5060 - Close of voting Proof returned by Secretariat
Start Date
15-Jul-2020
Completion Date
15-Jul-2020
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ISO 105-X19:2020 - Textiles -- Tests for colour fastness
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 105-X19
First edition
2020-08
Textiles — Tests for colour fastness —
Part X19:
Colour fastness to rubbing (Gakushin
test method)
Textiles — Essais de solidité des coloris —
Partie X19: Solidité des coloris au frottement (Méthode d'essai
Gakushin)
Reference number
ISO 105-X19:2020(E)
ISO 2020
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ISO 105-X19:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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ISO 105-X19:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

5 Apparatus ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6 Test specimens........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

7 Procedure..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

7.1 Dry rubbing test ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

7.2 Wet rubbing test .................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

8 Evaluation .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

9 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

Annex A (informative) Typical figure of rubbing meter with six rubbing fingers (Gakushin

test method) .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

Annex B (informative) Precision data ................................................................................................................................................................. 6

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................11

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 105-X19:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see

www .iso .org/ iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 38, Textiles, Subcommittee SC 1, Tests for

coloured textiles and colorants.
A list of all parts in the ISO 105 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 105-X19:2020(E)
Textiles — Tests for colour fastness —
Part X19:
Colour fastness to rubbing (Gakushin test method)
1 Scope

This document specifies the test method for determining the resistance of the colour of textiles of all

kinds to rubbing off and staining other materials using convex specimen stage (Gakushin test method).

Two test methods are specified, one with a dry rubbing cloth and one with a wet rubbing cloth.

This document is applicable to textiles made from all kinds of fibres in the form of yarn or fabric,

including textile floor coverings and other pile fabrics, whether dyed or printed.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 105-A01, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part A01: General principles of testing

ISO 105-A03, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part A03: Grey scale for assessing staining

ISO 105-A04, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part A04: Method for the instrumental assessment of

the degree of staining of adjacent fabrics

ISO 105-F09, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part F09: Specification for cotton rubbing cloth

ISO 139, Textiles — Standard atmospheres for conditioning and testing
ISO 3696, Water for analytical laboratory use — Specification and test methods
3 Terms and definitions
No terms and definitions are listed in this document.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
4 Principles

The test specimen on the convex specimen stage is rubbed by the cotton rubbing cloth fastened to the

rubbing finger with a reciprocating motion. After the test is carried out, the cotton rubbing cloth is

assessed by comparing with the grey scale for assessing staining or instrumentally.

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 105-X19:2020(E)
5 Apparatus
5.1 Rubbing meter

Suitable testing device for determining the colour fastness to rubbing (Gakushin test method) is shown

in Figure 1 and Annex A, consisting of convex specimen stage, rubbing finger, arm and a cycle counter

with automatic stop which are specified as follows.

5.1.1 Convex specimen stage, shall be (200 ± 1) mm radius of curvature (ρ ) and reciprocates

(120 ± 3) mm with 30 reciprocations per minute. The test specimen fastened by clamps on the convex

specimen stage is rubbed with the cotton rubbing cloth fastened to rubbing finger by moving to and fro

in a straight line along (100 ± 3) mm track.

5.1.2 Rubbing finger, shall be a rounded surface of (20 ± 0,5) mm squares with (45 ± 1) mm radius of

curvature (ρ ) capable of being fastened the cotton rubbing cloth (5.2).

5.1.3 Arm, one end is connected to the fulcrum shaft and the other end is connected to rubbing finger.

The rubbing finger shall exert a downward force of (2 ± 0,1) N and is capable of being moved along with

the convex specimen stage.
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
l 20 ± 0,5 1 arm
l 20 ± 0,5 2 fulcrum shaft
l 110 ± 1 3 convex specimen stage
ρ 200 ± 1 4 test specimen
ρ 45 ± 1 5 cotton rubbing cloth
6 rubbing finger
Figure 1 — Typical diagram of rubbing meter (Gakushin test method)

5.2 Cotton rubbing cloth, in accordance with ISO 105-F09, is at least 50 mm squares.

5.3 Grey scale for assessing staining, in accordance with ISO 105-A03.

5.4 Spectrophotometer or colorimeter for assessing staining, in accordance with ISO 105-A04.

2 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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ISO 105-X19:2020(E)

5.5 Soft-back water resistant abrasive paper, recommended grain size is P320 specified in

ISO 6344-1. Alternative grain size may be used by agreement between the interested parties. In this case,

it shall be reported in the test report.
5.6 Double-sided tape, with the thickness not more than 0,5 mm.
6 Test specimens

6.1 If the textile to be tested is a fabric or textile floor covering, two pieces not

...

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