Ships and marine technology -- Marine environment protection -- Specifications on design and selection of sorbents

ISO 20053:2017 specifies materials, types, selection criteria and designation and marking of sorbents and data to be provided by manufacturer(s) for the sorbents. The purpose of ISO 20053:2017 is to assist manufacturers and facilitate users in selecting sorbents by technical criteria. It does not purport to address all aspects of sorbents or safety concerns associated with sorbent use, nor does it define sorbent operational procedures.

Navires et technologie maritime -- Protection de l'environnement marin -- Spécifications relatives à la conception et a la sélection des sorbants

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
25-Sep-2017
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
22-Aug-2017
Completion Date
26-Sep-2017
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ISO 20053:2017 - Ships and marine technology -- Marine environment protection -- Specifications on design and selection of sorbents
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 20053
First edition
2017-09
Ships and marine technology —
Marine environment protection —
Specifications on design and selection
of sorbents
Navires et technologie maritime — Protection de l'environnement
marin — Spécifications relatives à la conception et a la sélection des
sorbants
Reference number
ISO 20053:2017(E)
ISO 2017
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 20053:2017(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2017, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
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ii © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 20053:2017(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Sorbent materials and forms ................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2 Examples of sorbent materials .................................................................................................................................................. 2

4.2.1 Synthetic organic materials .................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2.2 Natural organic materials ........................................................................................................................................ 2

4.2.3 Inorganic materials ........................................................................................................................................................ 2

4.3 Forms of sorbents ................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

4.3.1 Sorbent booms ................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.3.2 Pads ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

4.3.3 Pillows ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.3.4 Pom-poms .............................................................................................................................................................................. 2

4.3.5 Rolls ........................................................................................................................................... .................................................. 3

5 Selection criteria .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 Buoyancy ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.3 Oil retention ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.4 Sorption capacity .................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

5.4.1 Viscosity .................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

5.4.2 Comparison test .................. .................................................... .......................................................................................... 3

5.5 Reusability .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

5.6 Biodegradability .................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.7 Disposal ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6 Data to be provided by manufacturers .......................................................................................................................................... 4

7 Designation and marking ............................................................................................................................................................................ 4

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

7.2 Marking ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 20053:2017(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 8, Ships and marine technology,

Subcommitee SC 2, Marine environment protection.
iv © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 20053:2017(E)
Introduction

Sorbents are used to recover oil by absorption and/or adsorption. To enhance recovery, most sorbents

are both oleophilic and hydrophobic. Additionally, there are sorbents which are either oleophilic or

hydrophobic only for use with industrial spills. This document addresses applications pertaining to

marine oil spills.

In general, the use of sorbents is only appropriate for the removal of thin oil layers. Sorbents can also

be used to protect and/or clean environmentally sensitive areas, where the use of other cleaning

equipment is restricted because of the possible damage it can produce.

This document does not refer to loose or bulk sorbents, which should not be used in open waters,

because their use, especially
...

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