Ships and marine technology -- Marine cranes -- Design requirements for low temperature operation

ISO 19357:2016 specifies the requirements for design, construction, safety, performance, acceptance test and operation of marine cranes for low temperature operation. ISO 19357:2016 is applicable to marine cranes of the following types, which are exposed to and operated in low temperatures: - deck cranes mounted on ships for handling cargo or containers in harbour or sheltered water conditions; - floating cranes or grab cranes mounted on barges or pontoons for operating in harbour conditions or sheltered water conditions; - engine room cranes and provision cranes, etc. mounted on ships (including floating docks) for handling equipment and stores in harbour conditions. ISO 19357:2016 is not applicable to the following: - minimum ambient operating temperatures no less than −20 °C; - maximum ambient operating temperatures above +45 °C; - transport, assembly, dismantling and decommissioning of cranes; - lifting accessories, i.e. any item between the crane and the load; - lifting operations involving more than one crane; - hand powered cranes; - emergency rescue operations; - shore-side cargo handling cranes; - portable cranes on board; - lifting appliances for lifeboats, liferafts accommodation ladders and pilot ladders; - launching appliances for survival craft and rescue boats; - gangways, accommodation and pilot ladders and their handling appliances.

Navires et technologie maritime -- Grues marines -- Exigences de conception pour une exploitation à basses températures

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
17-Nov-2016
Current Stage
9020 - International Standard under periodical review
Start Date
15-Oct-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 19357
First edition
2016-11-15
Ships and marine technology —
Marine cranes — Design requirements
for low temperature operation
Navires et technologie maritime — Grues marines — Exigences de
conception pour une exploitation à basses températures
Reference number
ISO 19357:2016(E)
ISO 2016
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 19357:2016(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2016, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

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ii © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
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ISO 19357:2016(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Design parameters of cranes ................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.1 Design classification grade ........................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2 Design temperature ............................................................................................................................................................................ 2

5 Force and load ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 Snow load .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.3 Ice load ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.4 Other load .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6 Selection of materials ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.1 Rolled steel ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

6.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.1.2 Impact properties ........................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.1.3 Others ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

6.2 Forgings ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.2.2 Slewing ring ......................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.2.3 Connecting bolt of slewing support................................................................................................................. 5

6.2.4 Hook, ring, shackle, chain, shaft and pin ..................................................................................................... 5

6.3 Castings ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.4 Welding materials................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

6.4.1 Selection of welding materials ............................................................................................................................. 5

6.5 Hydraulic sealing materials ......................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.6 Low-freezing grease ........................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.6.1 Hydraulic oil ......................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.6.2 Gear oil...................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.6.3 Lubricating grease .......................................................................................................................................................... 6

7 Structure design .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

8 Design of power plant, mechanism and operating system ....................................................................................... 6

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

8.2 Power unit ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

8.3 Mechanical unit ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

8.4 Electric control unit ............................................................................................................................................................................ 7

9 Design of safety and protection system ........................................................................................................................................ 7

9.1 Safety protection of marine crane .......................................................................................................................................... 7

9.2 System heating and insulation protection ....................................................................................................................... 7

9.2.1 Insulation protection of tower body structure ...................................................................................... 7

9.2.2 Protection of cabin ......................................................................................................................................................... 7

9.2.3 Protection against moisture in navigation ................................................................................................ 7

9.2.4 Heating before working ............................................................................................................................................. 8

9.3 Surface protection at low temperature .............................................................................................................................. 8

9.4 Platform and passage ........................................................................................................................................................................ 8

10 Rope and removable parts ......................................................................................................................................................................... 8

10.1 Rope .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

10.2 Sheave (pulley block) ........................................................................................................................................................................ 8

10.2.1 Material of sheave ........................................................................................................................................................... 8

10.2.2 Bearing and lubrication ............................................................................................................................................. 8

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 19357:2016(E)

11 Inspection and acceptance ......................................................................................................................................................................... 8

11.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

11.2 Functional and performance tests ......................................................................................................................................... 8

11.3 Visual and surface protective inspection.......................................................................................................................... 9

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

iv © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
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ISO 19357:2016(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity assessment,

as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the

Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 8, Ships and marine technology, Subcommittee

SC 4, Outfitting and deck machinery.
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved v
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 19357:2016(E)
Ships and marine technology — Marine cranes — Design
requirements for low temperature operation
1 Scope

This document specifies the requirements for design, construction, safety, performance, acceptance

test and operation of marine cranes for low temperature operation.

This document is applicable to marine cranes of the following types, which are exposed to and operated

in low temperatures:

— deck cranes mounted on ships for handling cargo or containers in harbour or sheltered water

conditions;

— floating cranes or grab cranes mounted on barges or pontoons for operating in harbour conditions

or sheltered water conditions;

— engine room cranes and provision cranes, etc. mounted on ships (including floating docks) for

handling equipment and stores in harbour conditions.
This document is not applicable to the following:
— minimum ambient operating temperatures no less than −20 °C;
— maximum ambient operating temperatures above +45 °C;
— transport, assembly, dismantling and decommissioning of cranes;
— lifting accessories, i.e. any item between the crane and the load;
— lifting operations involving more than one crane;
— hand powered cranes;
— emergency rescue operations;
— shore-side cargo handling cranes;
— portable cranes on board;

— lifting appliances for lifeboats, liferafts accommodation ladders and pilot ladders;

— launching appliances for survival craft and rescue boats;
— gangways, accommodation and pilot ladders and their handling appliances.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 19354, Ships and marine technology — Marine cranes — General requirements
ISO 19355, Ships and marine technology — Marine cranes — Structural requirements

ISO 19356, Ships and marine technology — Marine cranes — Test specification and procedures

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 19357:2016(E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 4306-1, ISO 3828 and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
mean daily low temperature
MDLT

mean value of the daily low temperature for each day of the year over a minimum of ten-year period

Note 1 to entry: A data set acceptab
...

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