Information technology — User interfaces — Gesture-based interfaces across devices and methods — Part 12: Multi-point gestures for common system actions

This document defines multi-point gestures for common system actions used in information and communication technology (ICT) systems. It specifies movements and conditions for describing multi-point gestures recognized by the systems and applications. The multi-point gestures are performed using an input device (multi-touchpad, multi-touchscreen, etc.) or body parts (fingertips, hands, etc.). These multi-point gestures are intended to operate in a consistent manner regardless of systems, platforms or applications. The gestures for common system actions denote system-level functions and common functions across applications of ICT systems. The system-level functions are executed at a system or a platform level. They include initiation, resume, restart and termination, etc. The common functions across applications are commonly executed among applications of a system or a platform. The functions include navigation of menus, opening an object, closing an object, etc. NOTE ICT systems include, but are not limited to, digital televisions, set-top boxes, video game consoles, communication devices, internet devices, entertainment devices, and personal computers (PCs).

Technologies de l'information — Interfaces utilisateur — Interfaces fondées sur la gestuelle entre dispositifs et méthodes — Partie 12: Gestes multi-points pour les actions courantes du système

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Publication Date
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6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
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Completion Date
20-Nov-2019
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ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 35/WG 9
Date: 2019-07-30
Deleted: FDIS
ISO/IEC 30113-12:2019(E)
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 35
Secretariat: AFNOR

Information technology — User interfaces — Gesture-based interfaces across devices

and methods — Part 12: Multi-point gestures for common system actions

Technologies de l'information — Interfaces utilisateurs — Interfaces fondés sur la

gestuelle entre dispositifs et méthodes — Partie 12: Gestes à multipoint pour actions

courantes du système
Document type: International Standard
Document subtype:
Document stage: (60) Publication
Document language: E
Document1 STD Version 2.2
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ISO/IEC 30113-12:2019(E)
Copyright notice

This ISO document is a Draft International Standard and is copyright‐protected by ISO. Except as

permitted under the applicable laws of the user's country, neither this ISO draft nor any extract from

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Violators may be prosecuted.
ii © ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC 30113-12:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ......................................................................................................................................................................... vi

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................. vii

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Visual description of multi-point gestures ............................................................................................. 4

5 General requirements and recommendations ...................................................................................... 6

5.1 Alternatives for multi-point gestures....................................................................................................... 6

5.2 Simple movements .......................................................................................................................................... 6

5.3 Priority in assigning multi-point gestures ............................................................................................. 6

5.4 Choice of movement metaphor ................................................................................................................... 6

5.5 Description of multi-point gestures .......................................................................................................... 6

6 Alternatives for multi-point gestures....................................................................................................... 7

7 Descriptions of the multi-point gestures ................................................................................................ 7

7.1 The “2-point left” gesture ............................................................................................................................. 7

7.1.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 7

7.1.2 State description .............................................................................................................................................. 8

7.1.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in applying

“content-mover” metaphor ....................................................................................................................... 10

7.1.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover” metaphor ......... 10

7.2 The “2-point right” gesture ....................................................................................................................... 11

7.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 11

7.2.2 — ............................................................................................................................................ State description 11

7.2.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in applying

“content-mover” metaphor ....................................................................................................................... 13

7.2.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover” metaphor ......... 13

7.3 The “2-point down” gesture ...................................................................................................................... 14

7.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 14

7.3.2 — ............................................................................................................................................ State description 14

7.3.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in applying

“content-mover” metaphor ....................................................................................................................... 16

7.3.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover” metaphor ......... 16

7.4 The “2-point up” gesture ............................................................................................................................ 16

7.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16

7.4.2 State description ........................................................................................................................................... 17

7.4.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in applying

“content-mover” metaphor ....................................................................................................................... 18

7.4.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover” metaphor ......... 19

7.5 The “2-point left flick” gesture ................................................................................................................. 19

7.5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19

7.5.2 State description ........................................................................................................................................... 19

7.5.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in applying

“content-mover” metaphor ....................................................................................................................... 21

7.5.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover” metaphor ......... 21

7.6 The “2-point right flick” gesture .............................................................................................................. 21

7.6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 21

7.6.2 State description ........................................................................................................................................... 21

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ISO/IEC 30113-12:2019(E)

7.6.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in applying

“content-mover” metaphor ....................................................................................................................... 22

7.6.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover” metaphor ......... 23

7.7 The “2-point down flick” gesture ............................................................................................................ 23

7.7.1 General .............................................................................................................................................................. 23

7.7.2 State description ........................................................................................................................................... 23

7.7.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in applying

“content-mover” metaphor ....................................................................................................................... 25

7.7.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover” metaphor ......... 25

7.8 The “2-point up flick” gesture .................................................................................................................. 25

7.8.1 General .............................................................................................................................................................. 25

7.8.2 State description ........................................................................................................................................... 26

7.8.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in applying

“content-mover” metaphor ....................................................................................................................... 27

7.8.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover” metaphor ......... 27

7.9 The “2-point continuous any direction” gesture ............................................................................... 27

7.9.1 General .............................................................................................................................................................. 27

7.9.2 State description ........................................................................................................................................... 27

7.9.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in applying

“content-mover” metaphor ....................................................................................................................... 29

7.9.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover” metaphor ......... 29

7.10 The “2-point pinch” gesture ...................................................................................................................... 29

7.10.1 General .............................................................................................................................................................. 29

7.10.2 State description ........................................................................................................................................... 29

7.10.3 Specific instances .......................................................................................................................................... 30

7.11 The “2-point spread” gesture .................................................................................................................... 31

7.11.1 General .............................................................................................................................................................. 31

7.11.2 State description ........................................................................................................................................... 31

7.11.3 Specific instances .......................................................................................................................................... 32

7.12 The “2-point continuous pinch & spread” gesture ............................................................................ 32

7.12.1 General .............................................................................................................................................................. 32

7.12.2 State description ........................................................................................................................................... 33

7.12.3 Specific instances .......................................................................................................................................... 34

7.13 The “2-point clockwise rotation” gesture ............................................................................................ 34

7.13.1 General .............................................................................................................................................................. 34

7.13.2 State description ........................................................................................................................................... 35

7.13.3 Specific instances .......................................................................................................................................... 36

7.14 The “2-point counter-clockwise rotation” gesture ........................................................................... 36

7.14.1 General .............................................................................................................................................................. 36

7.14.2 State description ........................................................................................................................................... 36

7.14.3 Specific instances .......................................................................................................................................... 37

7.15 The “2-point continuous rotation” gesture ......................................................................................... 38

7.15.1 General .............................................................................................................................................................. 38

7.15.2 State description ........................................................................................................................................... 38

7.15.3 Specific instances .......................................................................................................................................... 39

7.16 The “2-point tap” gesture ........................................................................................................................... 39

7.16.1 General .............................................................................................................................................................. 39

7.16.2 State description ........................................................................................................................................... 40

7.16.3 Specific instances .......................................................................................................................................... 41

7.17 The “2-point double-tap” gesture ........................................................................................................... 41

7.17.1 General .............................................................................................................................................................. 41

7.17.2 State description ........................................................................................................................................... 41

7.17.3 Specific instances .......................................................................................................................................... 42

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ISO/IEC 30113-12:2019(E)

7.18 The “2-point tap & hold” gesture ............................................................................................................ 43

7.18.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 43

7.18.2 State description ........................................................................................................................................... 43

7.18.3 Specific instances .......................................................................................................................................... 44

7.19 The “3-point left” gesture .......................................................................................................................... 44

7.19.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 44

7.19.2 State description ........................................................................................................................................... 45

7.19.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in applying

“content-mover” metaphor ....................................................................................................................... 46

7.19.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover” metaphor ......... 47

7.20 The “3-point right” gesture ....................................................................................................................... 47

7.20.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 47

7.20.2 State description ........................................................................................................................................... 47

7.20.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in applying

“content-mover” metaphor ....................................................................................................................... 48

7.20.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover” metaphor ......... 49

7.21 The “3-point down” gesture ...................................................................................................................... 49

7.21.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 49

7.21.2 State description ........................................................................................................................................... 50

7.21.3 Specific instances .......................................................................................................................................... 51

7.22 The “3-point up” gesture ............................................................................................................................ 51

7.22.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 51

7.22.2 State description ........................................................................................................................................... 52

7.22.3 Specific instances .......................................................................................................................................... 53

7.23 The “3-point tap” gesture ........................................................................................................................... 53

7.23.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 53

7.23.2 State description ........................................................................................................................................... 54

7.23.3 Specific instances .......................................................................................................................................... 55

7.24 The “3-point double-tap” gesture ........................................................................................................... 55

7.24.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 55

7.24.2 State description ........................................................................................................................................... 56

7.24.3 Specific instances .......................................................................................................................................... 57

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 58

© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved v
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ISO/IEC 30113-12:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are

members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical

committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical activity.

ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international

organizations, governmental and non‐governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the

work.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of document should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Details of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the

Introduction and/or on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents) or the

IEC list of patent declarations received (see http://patents.iec.ch).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT)

see www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology,

Subcommittee SC 35, User interfaces.
A list of all parts in the ISO/IEC 30113 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
vi © ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC 30113-12:2019(E)
Introduction

A multi‐point gesture is generated by a user with several pointers (which includes an input device such

as a multi‐touchpad, multi‐touchscreen or body parts such as fingertips, hands, etc.) providing gesture

actions using a multi‐point of interest. Multi‐point gestures are used in several commercially available

ICT systems including personal computers, smartphones and video game consoles.

There is a need for an international standard to define the multi‐point gesture so that users do not get

confused. Potential variety and inconsistency among multi‐point gestures might cause a serious

usability problem in using applications on the ICT systems.

This document presents descriptions of multi‐point gestures and their corresponding gesture

commands for system‐level functions and common functions across applications on ICT systems. The

system‐level functions include functions for selecting and initiating applications which are handled by

operating systems or platforms. The common functions across applications are also identified. These

functions include menu navigation, “help”, “undo”, “redo”, and so on.
© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved vii
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC 30113-12:2019(E)
Information technology — User interfaces ― Gesture-based
interfaces across devices and methods — Part 12: Multi-point
gestures for common system actions
1 Scope

This document defines multi‐point gestures for common system actions used in information and

communication technology (ICT) systems.

It specifies movements and conditions for describing multi‐point gestures recognized by the systems

and applications. The multi‐point gestures are performed using an input device (multi‐touchpad, multi‐

touchscreen, etc.) or body parts (fingertips, hands, etc.). These multi‐point gestures are intended to

operate in a consistent manner regardless of systems, platforms or applications.

The gestures for common system actions denote system‐level functions and common functions across

applications of ICT systems. The system‐level functions are executed at a system or a platform level.

They include initiation, resume, restart and termination, etc. The common functions across applications

are commonly executed among applications of a system or a platform. The functions include navigation

of menus, opening an object, closing an object, etc.

NOTE ICT systems include, but are not limited to, digital televisions, set‐top boxes, video game consoles,

communication devices, internet devices, entertainment devices, and personal computers (PCs).

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/IEC 24786:2009, Information technology — User interfaces — Accessible user interface for

accessibility settings
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
gesture-based interface
gesture interface

user interface that provide information and controls for a user to accomplish specific tasks with the

interactive system by his/her gestures
[SOURCE ISO/IEC 30113‐1:2015, 3.2]
3.2
© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC 30113-12:2019(E)
application
app
software application or application software
[SOURCE: ISO/TR 17427‐2:2015, 2.1]
3.3
gesture software

software for implementing gesture-based interface (3.1) functionality including gesture recognition,

command processing and feedback generation

Note 1 to entry: The gesture software could be an embedded combination of input devices, operating systems or

applications. An application such as a web browser can contain a gesture software module for handling functions

for the application.
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 30113‐1:2015, 3.4 — modified, Note 1 to entry revised.]
3.4
point of interest
POI
specific point location that a user utilizes to formulate a gesture
EXAMPLE Fingertip, pen points, hand etc.
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 30113‐11:2017, 3.1, modified — examples added.]
3.5
movement metaphor

metaphor for expressing relationship between gesture direction and moving object when moving

content in a scrollable window to desired position
3.6
content-mover metaphor
movement of content focused

movement metaphor (3.5) for describing the movement of content by a user in a viewing window along

a gesture direction

EXAMPLE If a “2‐point down” gesture is assigned for page scroll with the metaphor of “movement of content”,

users see the upper part of the page by using the gesture. The function of the gesture is similar to “page up”.

3.7
window-mover metaphor
movement of viewing window focused

movement metaphor (3.5) for describing the movement of content by a user in a viewing window in

...

INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 30113-12
First edition
2019-11
Information technology — User
interfaces — Gesture-based interfaces
across devices and methods —
Part 12:
Multi-point gestures for common
system actions
Technologies de l'information — Interfaces utilisateur — Interfaces
fondées sur la gestuelle entre dispositifs et méthodes —
Partie 12: Gestes multi-points pour les actions courantes du système
Reference number
ISO/IEC 30113-12:2019(E)
ISO/IEC 2019
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 30113-12:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC 30113-12:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

Introduction ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................vii

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Visual description of multi-point gestures ............................................................................................................................... 4

5 General requirements and recommendations ...................................................................................................................... 6

5.1 Alternatives for multi-point gestures .................................................................................................................................. 6

5.2 Simple movements .............................................................................................................................................................................. 6

5.3 Priority in assigning multi-point gestures ...................................................................................................................... 6

5.4 Choice of movement metaphor ................................................................................................................................................. 6

5.5 Description of multi-point gestures ...................................................................................................................................... 6

6 Alternatives for multi-point gestures ............................................................................................................................................. 6

7 Descriptions of the multi-point gestures .................................................................................................................................... 7

7.1 The “2-point left” gesture .............................................................................................................................................................. 7

7.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

7.1.2 State description .............................................................................................................................................................. 8

7.1.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in

applying “content-mover” metaphor ............................................................................................................. 9

7.1.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover”

metaphor .............................................................................................................................................................................10

7.2 The “2-point right” gesture .......................................................................................................................................................10

7.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................10

7.2.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................11

7.2.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in

applying “content-mover” metaphor ..........................................................................................................12

7.2.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover”

metaphor .............................................................................................................................................................................12

7.3 The “2-point down” gesture ......................................................................................................................................................13

7.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................13

7.3.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................13

7.3.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in

applying “content-mover” metaphor ..........................................................................................................14

7.3.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover”

metaphor .............................................................................................................................................................................15

7.4 The “2-point up” gesture .............................................................................................................................................................15

7.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................15

7.4.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................16

7.4.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in

applying “content-mover” metaphor ..........................................................................................................17

7.4.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover”

metaphor .............................................................................................................................................................................18

7.5 The “2-point left flick” gesture ...............................................................................................................................................18

7.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................18

7.5.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................18

7.5.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in

applying “content-mover” metaphor ..........................................................................................................19

7.5.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover”

metaphor .............................................................................................................................................................................20

7.6 The “2-point right flick” gesture ...........................................................................................................................................20

7.6.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................20

7.6.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................20

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ISO/IEC 30113-12:2019(E)
7.6.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in

applying “content-mover” metaphor ..........................................................................................................21

7.6.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover”

metaphor .............................................................................................................................................................................21

7.7 The “2-point down flick” gesture .........................................................................................................................................22

7.7.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................22

7.7.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................22

7.7.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in

applying “content-mover” metaphor ..........................................................................................................23

7.7.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover”

metaphor .............................................................................................................................................................................23

7.8 The “2-point up flick” gesture .................................................................................................................................................24

7.8.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................24

7.8.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................24

7.8.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in

applying “content-mover” metaphor ..........................................................................................................25

7.8.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover”

metaphor .............................................................................................................................................................................25

7.9 The “2-point continuous any direction” gesture .....................................................................................................26

7.9.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................26

7.9.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................26

7.9.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in

applying “content-mover” metaphor ..........................................................................................................27

7.9.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover”

metaphor .............................................................................................................................................................................27

7.10 The “2-point pinch” gesture ......................................................................................................................................................27

7.10.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................27

7.10.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................28

7.10.3 Specific instances .........................................................................................................................................................29

7.11 The “2-point spread” gesture ..................................................................................................................................................29

7.11.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................29

7.11.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................30

7.11.3 Specific instances .........................................................................................................................................................31

7.12 The “2-point continuous pinch and spread” gesture ..........................................................................................31

7.12.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................31

7.12.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................31

7.12.3 Specific instances .........................................................................................................................................................32

7.13 The “2-point clockwise rotation” gesture .....................................................................................................................32

7.13.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................32

7.13.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................33

7.13.3 Specific instances .........................................................................................................................................................34

7.14 The “2-point counter-clockwise rotation” gesture ...............................................................................................34

7.14.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................34

7.14.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................35

7.14.3 Specific instances .........................................................................................................................................................36

7.15 The “2-point continuous rotation” gesture ..................................................................................................................36

7.15.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................36

7.15.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................36

7.15.3 Specific instances .........................................................................................................................................................37

7.16 The “2-point tap” gesture ............................................................................................................................................................37

7.16.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................37

7.16.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................38

7.16.3 Specific instances .........................................................................................................................................................39

7.17 The “2-point double-tap” gesture ........................................................................................................................................39

7.17.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................39

7.17.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................40

7.17.3 Specific instances .........................................................................................................................................................41

7.18 The “2-point tap and hold” gesture ....................................................................................................................................41

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ISO/IEC 30113-12:2019(E)

7.18.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................41

7.18.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................41

7.18.3 Specific instances .........................................................................................................................................................42

7.19 The “3-point left” gesture ...........................................................................................................................................................42

7.19.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................42

7.19.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................43

7.19.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in

applying “content-mover” metaphor ..........................................................................................................44

7.19.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover”

metaphor .............................................................................................................................................................................45

7.20 The “3-point right” gesture .......................................................................................................................................................45

7.20.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................45

7.20.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................45

7.20.3 Specific instances with a direct touch gesture or a mediated gesture in

applying “content-mover” metaphor ..........................................................................................................46

7.20.4 Specific instances with a mediated gesture in applying “window-mover”

metaphor .............................................................................................................................................................................47

7.21 The “3-point down” gesture ......................................................................................................................................................47

7.21.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................47

7.21.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................48

7.21.3 Specific instances .........................................................................................................................................................49

7.22 The “3-point up” gesture .............................................................................................................................................................49

7.22.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................49

7.22.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................50

7.22.3 Specific instances .........................................................................................................................................................51

7.23 The “3-point tap” gesture ............................................................................................................................................................51

7.23.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................51

7.23.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................51

7.23.3 Specific instances .........................................................................................................................................................52

7.24 The “3-point double-tap” gesture ........................................................................................................................................52

7.24.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................52

7.24.2 State description ...........................................................................................................................................................53

7.24.3 Specific instances .........................................................................................................................................................54

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................55

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ISO/IEC 30113-12:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that

are members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through

technical committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of

technical activity. ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other

international organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also

take part in the work.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for

the different types of document should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject

of patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights. Details of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the

Introduction and/or on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents) or the IEC

list of patent declarations received (see http:// patents .iec .ch).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology,

Subcommittee SC 35, User interfaces.
A list of all parts in the ISO/IEC 30113 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
vi © ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC 30113-12:2019(E)
Introduction

A multi-point gesture is generated by a user with several pointers (which includes an input device such

as a multi-touchpad, multi-touchscreen or body parts such as fingertips, hands, etc.) providing gesture

actions using a multi-point of interest. Multi-point gestures are used in several commercially available

ICT systems including personal computers, smartphones and video game consoles.

There is a need for an international standard to define the multi-point gesture so that users do not

get confused. Potential variety and inconsistency among multi-point gestures might cause a serious

usability problem in using applications on the ICT systems.

This document presents descriptions of multi-point gestures and their corresponding gesture

commands for system-level functions and common functions across applications on ICT systems. The

system-level functions include functions for selecting and initiating applications which are handled by

operating systems or platforms. The common functions across applications are also identified. These

functions include menu navigation, “help”, “undo”, “redo”, and so on.
© ISO/IEC 2019 – All rights reserved vii
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC 30113-12:2019(E)
Information technology — User interfaces — Gesture-
based interfaces across devices and methods —
Part 12:
Multi-point gestures for common system actions
1 Scope

This document defines multi-point gestures for common system actions used in information and

communication technology (ICT) systems.

It specifies movements and conditions for describing multi-point gestures recognized by the systems

and applications. The multi-point gestures are performed using
...

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